Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema Test Bank

<< Addiction Treatment 4th Edition by Katherine Test Bank ACCOUNTING 26TH EDITION BY WARREN -TEST BANK >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema Test Bank

Description

WITH ANSWERS
Abnormal Psychology 7th Ed By Susan Nolen Hoeksema Test Bank

 

Chapter 02

Theories and Treatment of Abnormality

 

  1. Which of the following best defines a theory?
  2. A theory is a set of ideas that relate only to observed behaviors.
  3. A theory is a treatment, usually based on a phenomenon, which addresses those factors that cause the phenomenon.
  4. A theory is a set of ideas that bridges the gap between normal and abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about a phenomenon and for gathering and interpreting information about that phenomenon.

Page: 24

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe the scientific method

Topic: Scientific Method

 

  1. A _____ is a treatment, usually based on a theory of a phenomenon, that addresses those factors the theory says cause the phenomenon.
  2. practice
  3. modus operandi
  4. C. therapy
  5. hypothesis

Page: 24

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Explain how treatment is planned.

Topic: Treatment

 

  1. A psychologist who applies a sociocultural approach to anxiety disorders would:
  2. consider genetics as a likely explanation for anxiety.
  3. B. consider the way cultural values or the social environment affect anxiety.
  4. look for the causes of anxiety in peoples beliefs, thought processes, life experiences, and relationships.
  5. explain anxiety by taking into account a persons unconscious desires.

Page: 24

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.5 Incorporate sociocultural factors in scientific inquiry.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the sociocultural perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Anxiety Disorders

Topic: Sociocultural Approach

 

  1. Maria and her parents recently moved to a new state because her mother received a job transfer. Maria has had difficulty adjusting to her new school, and has been suffering from loss of appetite, irritability, and lack of interest in her usual activities. Assuming that Marias behavior meets the criteria for abnormal behavior, which of the following approaches would best explain Marias behavior?
  2. A. Psychological approach
  3. Nature approach
  4. Personal approach
  5. Biological approach

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the nature-nurture question of abnormality?
  2. The nature-nurture question relies heavily on biological perspectives to address abnormal behaviors.
  3. The nature-nurture question views abnormal behaviors exclusively from a sociological perspective.
  4. The nature-nurture question integrates biological, psychological, and social approaches to abnormal behaviors.
  5. D. The nature-nurture question supports the idea that psychological problems have must have a single cause

Page: 24

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Nature vs. Nurture

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the diathesis-stress model of the development of disorders?
  2. A. A biological, psychological, or social vulnerability combines with a biological, psychological, or social trigger, causing a disorder to manifest.
  3. An individual experiences a minimal amount of psychological and social stress that creates an atmosphere for the emergence of a disorder.
  4. Biological factors and psychological factors interact and create social stressors that influence a disorder.
  5. Psychological and social vulnerability are loosely associated with a specific disorder and biological factors are the main contributors to the disorder.

Page: 25

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Explain the biopsychosocial perspective.

Topic: Diathesis-Stress Model

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding the different approaches to abnormality and the continuum model?
  2. People who favor a sociocultural approach generally embrace the continuum model because they view psychological disorders as vastly different from normal functioning.
  3. People who take a biological approach have traditionally accepted the continuum model of abnormality.
  4. People who adopt a psychological approach have moved away from the continuum model of psychopathology in recent years.
  5. D. Proponents of the sociocultural approach tend to view abnormal behaviors as understandable consequences of social stresses in peoples lives.

Page: 24

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast the perspectiv of abnormal psychology.

Topic: Approaches to Abnormal Psychology

 

  1. The biological approach to abnormality focuses on all of the following causes of abnormality EXCEPT:
  2. brain dysfunction.
  3. genetic abnormalities.
  4. biochemical imbalance.
  5. D. poor physiological responses.

Page: 26

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the various structures of the brain?
  2. The pons control arousal and attention to stimuli.
  3. The medulla is important for attentiveness and the timing of sleep.
  4. The cerebellum helps control breathing and reflexes.
  5. D. The superior colliculus and inferior colliculus relay sensory information and control movement.

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The outer layer of the cerebrum is called the _____.
  2. hippocampus
  3. B. cerebral cortex
  4. thalamus
  5. cerebellum

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The cerebral cortex is responsible for:
  2. regulating sexual drive.
  3. B. advanced thinking processes.
  4. relaying messages to the brain.
  5. impulse control.

Page: 27

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Abnormality in eating, drinking, and sexual behavior is most likely a result of the dysfunction of the:
  2. right frontal lobe.
  3. cerebrum.
  4. C.
  5. midbrain.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of subcortical structures in the brain?
  2. A. They contain the thalamus, which directs incoming information from sense receptors to the cerebrum.
  3. They contain the hypothalamus, which is a large structure just above the thalamus that regulates instinctive behaviors.
  4. They contain the hippocampus, a part of the limbic system, which plays a central role in emotions such as fear.
  5. They contain the amygdala, a structure of the limbic system, which plays a role in memory.

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Cindys mood has become increasingly unstable since her traffic accident, in which she obtained a serious brain injury. She often experiences bouts of aggression and fits of rage in reaction to the slightest provocation. At other times, she is overly passive and fails to recognize direct threats. In which area of Cindys brain has the damage most likely occurred?
  2. The temporal lobe
  3. B. The limbic system
  4. The cerebellum
  5. The medulla

Page: 28

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Biochemicals that carry impulses from one neuron to another in the brain and in other parts of the nervous system are called _____.
  2. hormones
  3. B. neurotransmitters
  4. electrical transmissions
  5. synaptic responses

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Neurotransmitters are released into the _____, the gap between synaptic terminals and adjacent neurons, and then bind to special _____, molecules on the membrane of adjacent neurons.
  2. receptor; dendrites
  3. B. synapse; receptors
  4. synapse; axons
  5. receptor; cell bodies

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When the initial neuron releasing a neurotransmitter into the synapse reabsorbs some of the neurotransmitter and thereby decreases the amount of neurotransmitter left in the synapse, the process is called _____.
  2. A. reuptake
  3. degradation
  4. blocking
  5. carrying

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of neurotransmitter functioning, degradation refers to the:
  2. release of neurons into the synaptic gap.
  3. reabsorption of the neurotransmitter into the initial neuron.
  4. attachment of the neurotransmitter to a receptor.
  5. D. release of an enzyme by the receiving neuron that breaks down the neurotransmitter into other biochemicals.

Page: 29

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following neurotransmitters plays an important role in regulating emotional well-being and aggressive impulses?
  2. Dopamine
  3. Norepinephrine
  4. Acetylcholine
  5. D. Serotonin

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Dopamine plays an important role in:
  2. regulating sexual drive and emotional responses.
  3. B. regulating the functioning of muscle systems.
  4. regulating pain and moods.
  5. inhibiting aggression.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When ingested, which of the following substances slows the reuptake process of norepinephrine?
  2. Cocaine and heroin
  3. Heroin and marijuana
  4. Marijuana and amphetamines
  5. D. Amphetamines and cocaine

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. In the context of emotional responses, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in _____ symptoms.
  2. A. anxiety
  3. depressive
  4. angry
  5. aggressive

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A _____ is a chemical that carries messages throughout the body, potentially affecting a persons moods, levels of energy, and reactions to stress.
  2. A. hormone
  3. degradation inhibitor
  4. neuron
  5. synapse

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The master gland is also known as the _____.
  2. pancreatic gland
  3. organ of Corti
  4. adrenal gland
  5. D. pituitary gland

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The pituitary gland is responsible for:
  2. stabilizing mood and emotions.
  3. controlling brain function and relaying messages.
  4. regulating energy levels and managing aggression.
  5. D. producing a variety of hormones and controlling the secretion of other endocrine glands.

Page: 30

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When corticotropin-release factor (CRF) travels from the hypothalamus to the pituitary, the pituitary releases the bodys adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). The bloodstream carries ACTH to the adrenal gland and various other organs. This example illustrates the complex relationship between:
  2. the pituitary gland and hormones.
  3. hormones and the endocrine system.
  4. the endocrine system and the pituitary gland.
  5. D. the central nervous system and the endocrine system.

Page: 3031

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Mark has difficulty managing his stress. His physician suspects that he has a dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis). It is likely that Mark may later be diagnosed with a(n):
  2. personality disorder.
  3. B. depressive disorder.
  4. adjustment disorder.
  5. impulse control disorder.

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is correct regarding chromosomes?
  2. At conception, the fertilized embryo has 48 chromosomes, 24 from the female egg and 24 from the male sperm.
  3. The mother of an embryo always contributes a Y chromosome and the father always contributes an X chromosome.
  4. C. Down syndrome results when chromosome 21 is present in triplicate instead of as the usual pair.
  5. Chromosomes have no relationship to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Sandy was born with a flat face, a small nose, protruding lips and tongue, and slanting eyes. These features were a result of chromosome 21 being present in triplicate. Sandy was most likely born with _____.
  2. Klinefelter syndrome
  3. B. Down syndrome
  4. Tay-Sachs disease
  5. Fragile X syndrome

Page: 31

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about behavior genetics?
  2. Behavior genetics is the study of the genetics of personality and abnormality.
  3. B. Research in behavior genetics focuses primarily on twin studies
  4. According to behavior genetics, most disorders result from polygenic processes.
  5. Behavior geneticists investigate the heritability of behaviors and behavioral tendencies.

Page: 3132

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A polygenic process:
  2. A. refers to the multiple genetic abnormalities that interact in one individual to create a disorder.
  3. results from the interaction between hormones and neurotransmitters.
  4. creates the coded instructions for cells to perform certain functions.
  5. controls the basic genetic transmission that occurs during conception.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Identical twins have _____ of their genes in common.
  2. 25 percent
  3. 50 percent
  4. 75 percent
  5. D. 100 percent

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true about the interaction between genes and the environment?
  2. Genetic factors can influence the kinds of environments we choose.
  3. The environment can act as a catalyst for a genetic tendency.
  4. Environmental conditions can affect the expression of genes.
  5. D. Personalities and interests are not reinforced by the environments we choose.

Page: 32

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. _____ is the study of heritable changes in the expression of genes without changes in the gene sequence.
  2. Molecular biology
  3. Genetic engineering
  4. C. Epigenetics
  5. Molecular cloning

Page: 33

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The research on epigenetic processes carried out by Michael Meany found that:
  2. A. the behavior of mother rats toward their offspring influences the development of the pups reactions to stress in adulthood.
  3. the extent to which a mother rat grooms the pup in the first week of life is indirectly related to the release of certain hormones in the pup.
  4. pups that are licked and groomed more tend to grow into adult rats that are more fearful and show less developed responses to stress.
  5. the biological offspring of mothers who typically lick and groom less, when raised by mothers who lick and groom more, have less effective stress responses

Page: 33

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about the different drug therapies?
  2. Phenothiazines, also known as atypical antipsychotics, are used to reduce hallucinations and delusions, and do not carry dangerous side effects.
  3. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most frequently used antidepressants and target both serotonin and norepinephrine.
  4. Tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors are the newer classes of antidepressants.
  5. D. SSRIs produce side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, headaches, daytime sedation, sexual dysfunction, and agitation.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Lithium is:
  2. a rare metallic element found only in natural springs.
  3. a safer treatment than anticonvulsants because it has fewer and milder side effects.
  4. C. commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
  5. very effective in reducing tardive dyskinesia.

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. A major class of anxiety-reducing drugs, _____, appears to reduce the symptoms of anxiety without interfering substantially with an individuals ability to function in daily life. Their most frequent use of these drugs is as sleeping pills.
  2. barbiturates
  3. B. benzodiazepines
  4. azapirones
  5. beta-blockers

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Name and describe drugs used in the treatment of abnormal behavior, and discuss the problems and controversies surrounding their use.

Topic: Drug Therapy

 

  1. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was originally introduced to treat which mental disorder?
  2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  3. Panic disorder without agoraphobia
  4. Generalized anxiety disorder
  5. D. Schizophrenia

Page: 34

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
  2. A current of 70 to 150 volts is passed through the brain for five seconds.
  3. Patients are fully conscious when the brain seizure is induced.
  4. Patients typically have a convulsion, which usually lasts three minutes or more.
  5. D. The side effects of ECT involve confusion and memory loss.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. When treating a patient with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), approximately how many sessions are necessary?
  2. 4 to 6 sessions
  3. 5 to 8 session
  4. 6 to 15 sessions
  5. D. 6 to 12 sessions

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. A procedure known as _____ exposes patients to frequent, high-intensity magnetic pulses that are focused on particular brain structures, whereas in the _____ procedure, electrodes are surgically implanted in specific areas of the brain.
  2. A. repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; deep brain stimulation
  3. deep brain stimulation; vagus nerve stimulation
  4. vagus nerve stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  5. deep brain stimulation; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. The procedure introduced by neurologist Antonio de Egas Moniz in 1935, in which the frontal lobes of the brain are severed from the lower centers of the brain in people with psychosis is called:
  2. partial lobectomy.
  3. B. prefrontal lobotomy.
  4. vagus nerve stimulation.
  5. craniotomy.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Today, psychosurgery:
  2. is outlawed in the United States.
  3. B. is only used for severe disorders that do not respond to other treatments.
  4. is no longer controversial, as it formerly was.
  5. is found to generally lack precision.

Page: 35

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychosurgery

 

  1. Which of the following is a criticism leveled against the biological approach to abnormality?
  2. A. It often ignores the fact that environmental and psychological processes can affect biological functioning.
  3. It argues that people prefer to deal with the issues in their lives that are contributing to their psychological problems rather than turn to drugs.
  4. It seems to increase the blame or responsibility that might be put upon the sufferer of a disorder.
  5. It forces people who suffer from disorders to deny that they have a disease and therefore remedy their disease through cognitive restructuring.

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the biological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Biological Perspective

 

  1. Behavioral theorists:
  2. accept the idea that unconscious conflicts drive human behavior.
  3. include biological factors as major contributors to abnormal behavior.
  4. view maladaptive thinking patterns as the primary motivators for abnormal behavior.
  5. D. focus on the influence of reinforcement and punishment in producing abnormal behavior.

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. What are the core principles of the behavioral approach?
  2. Classical reinforcement and operant conditioning
  3. Operant punishment and vicarious reinforcement
  4. C. Classical conditioning and operant conditioning
  5. Operant conditioning and latent learning

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. The Russian physiologist whose discovery of conditioned responses made a tremendous impact on psychology was _____.
  2. B. F. Skinner
  3. John Watson
  4. Edward Thorndike
  5. D. Ivan Pavlov

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychologys content domains.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. In Pavlovs experiment, the conditioned stimulus was:
  2. the event that elicited the unlearned response.
  3. B. the previously neutral stimulus.
  4. the reinforcement that elicited the learned response.
  5. the same as the unconditioned stimulus.

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 2.1 Use scientific reasoning to interpret psychological phenomena.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. Alexis is a sick child who makes frequent visits to the hospital to get her shots. One day she and her mother drive past the hospital and Alexis begins to cry. She repeatedly says, Mommy, I dont want to see the doctor. In this example, the conditioned stimulus would be _____.
  2. the parking lot
  3. the shot
  4. the nurse
  5. D. the hospital

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. A bee stung Leah while she was playing in the yard a few weeks ago. She now becomes panicky each time she goes out to play. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is _____.
  2. being stung
  3. B. playing outside
  4. seeing the bee
  5. feeling panicky

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Classical Conditioning

 

  1. The law of effect suggests that:
  2. the strength of a reward has no bearing on behaviors.
  3. punishment has no impact on undesired behaviors.
  4. C. behaviors followed by a reward are strengthened.
  5. punishments are more effective than rewards.

Page: 36

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Shaping behaviors by providing rewards for desired responses and punishments for undesired responses is known as _____.
  2. classical conditioning
  3. B. operant conditioning
  4. respondent conditioning
  5. avoidant conditioning

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT an example of a behavior learned through operant conditioning?
  2. An adolescent washes his fathers car hoping to get a curfew extension.
  3. B. A person jumps back at the sight of a snake.
  4. A prison inmate receives tokens for good behavior.
  5. An animal stays still to avoid an electric shock.

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Tracy always seemed to forget to do her weekly chores, despite many reminders by her mom and dad. Her parents decided to pay her $2 for each chore she completed by Sunday night each week. On which type of operant conditioning schedule did Tracys parents put her?
  2. A. Continuous reinforcement schedule
  3. Partial reinforcement schedule
  4. Continuous punishment schedule
  5. Partial punishment schedule

Page: 3637

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. When a learned behavior is eliminated, the process is called _____.
  2. removal
  3. B. extinction
  4. disappearance
  5. avoidance

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. In the context of the schedules of reinforcement in operant conditioning, if a behavior is _____ reinforced, it is more difficult to extinguish.
  2. negatively
  3. B. intermittently
  4. continuously
  5. positively

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Jessica had a car accident while crossing an icy bridge. She now maps out her routes to avoid traveling over bridges. This avoidance helps to reduce her anxiety. In this example, Jessica has developed a(n) _____.
  2. unconditioned response
  3. B. conditioned avoidance response
  4. continuous reinforcement schedule
  5. unconditioned avoidance response

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Operant Conditioning

 

  1. Social learning theory posits that:
  2. A. people learn behaviors by watching other people.
  3. people learn as a direct result of rewards and punishments.
  4. people learn primarily by observing random people.
  5. people learn when two stimuli are paired together.

Page: 38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Joes favorite food is spaghetti. His mom always makes it for him on Friday night, but she does not like the way he slurps the spaghetti into his mouth. One Friday night, she attempts to change Joes eating pattern. At dinner, she picks up her spoon and fork and begins to roll the spaghetti. David, Joes brother, used his fork and spoon as well. Susan, Joes sister, also used her fork and spoon to roll her spaghetti. At first, Joe slurps the spaghetti into his mouth, but after a few minutes, he begins to use his fork and spoon as well.

In this example, Joe is learning behavior through _____.

  1. shaping
  2. B. modeling
  3. reinforcing
  4. acquiring

Page: 37

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. Jerry, who cant sit still for a minute, sees his classmate, Mike, getting a sticker for sitting quietly in his seat. Jerry decides to stop fidgeting and begins to sit still in the hope of getting a sticker for his sticker collection. Which behavioral theory is in effect here?
  2. Classical conditioning
  3. B. Observational learning
  4. Systematic desensitization
  5. Causal attribution

Page: 3738

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Social Learning Theory

 

  1. When Kathryn was visiting her grandmother one summer, a snake crawled onto the front porch and bit her. Since then, Kathryn has been dreadfully afraid of snakes. Which technique would a behavioral therapist most likely use in this situation to help Kathryn get rid of her phobia?
  2. Modeling
  3. B. Systematic desensitization
  4. Operant conditioning
  5. Reinforcement

Page: 38

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true about systematic desensitization therapy?
  2. It requires the client to first develop a hierarchy of feared stimuli and then learn appropriate responses to each of these stimuli, starting with the most feared stimulus.
  3. It is an immediate and direct method for extinguishing anxiety responses to stimuli and maladaptive behavior.
  4. C. It generally produces better results when the client is asked to experience the stimuli directly, that is, using the in vivo exposure method.
  5. It is often combined with operant conditioning to develop a conditioned avoidance response.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. All of the following are limitations of behavioral theories EXCEPT that:
  2. it is unclear how behavioral principles could account for some disorders, such as schizophrenia.
  3. B. the studies done to test these theories are rigorously controlled and exact.
  4. the complexity of human behaviors and the environmental experiences cannot be captured in laboratory studies.
  5. behavioral theories do not recognize free will in peoples behavior.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the behavioral perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Behavioral Perspective

 

  1. Cognitive theories focus on _____.
  2. measurable behaviors
  3. B. thoughts and beliefs
  4. unconscious conflicts
  5. relationships

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Martha was distraught when she discovered her husband had been involved with another woman and had a child with the other woman. She constantly tries to understand why her husband cheated on her, thinking thoughts such as Im so stupid for not realizing what was going on, and, I should have been more attentive to his needs. Which type of cognition is Martha most likely exhibiting?
  2. Degradation
  3. B. Causal attribution
  4. Global assumption
  5. Catharsis

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. The broad beliefs we have about ourselves, our relationships, and the world, can be either positive and helpful to us, or negative and destructive. These broad beliefs are called _____.
  2. A. global assumptions
  3. specific assumptions
  4. absolute assumptions
  5. collective assumptions

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Jamie is constantly saying, I have no control over my emotions, and cannot help feeling certain feelings. This exemplifies _____.
  2. a causal attribution
  3. B. a dysfunctional global assumption
  4. systematic desensitization
  5. cognitive-behavioral therapy

Page: 3940

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. People who tend to hold dysfunctional assumptions often react to situations with all of the following EXCEPT:
  2. irrational thoughts.
  3. B. rational behaviors.
  4. negative emotions.
  5. irrational behaviors.

Page: 39

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Perspective

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a goal of cognitive therapy?
  2. Assist clients in identifying their irrational and maladaptive thoughts.
  3. Teach clients to consider alternative ways of thinking.
  4. C. Discourage clients from challenging their irrational or maladaptive thoughts.
  5. Encourage clients to face their worst fears and recognize ways of coping.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Cognitive techniques are often combined with behavioral techniques, in what is known as _____.
  2. A. cognitive-behavioral therapy.
  3. systematic desensitization therapy.
  4. behavior modification.
  5. client-centered therapy.

Page: 40

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. Which of the following is the greatest limitation of the cognitive theories?
  2. Cognitive theories may seem comfortable or familiar to laypeople.
  3. Cognitive theories seem attractive because they focus on an individuals thinking processes.
  4. Cognitive theories are least likely to explain unwanted emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.
  5. D. Cognitive theories have had difficulty proving that maladaptive cognitions precede and cause disorders rather than being the symptoms or consequences of the disorders.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: Moderate

Learning Objective: Assess the theories of the cognitive perspective and identify treatments.

Topic: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 

  1. The psychodynamic perspective views abnormality as being influenced by:
  2. A. unconscious processes.
  3. an external locus of control.
  4. learning and reinforcement.
  5. collective experience.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. The psychoanalytic approach to personality and treatment of psychopathology was developed by _____.
  2. Horney
  3. Breuer
  4. Charcot
  5. D. Freud

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychologys content domains.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Repression is defined as:
  2. inconsistent memories.
  3. false memories.
  4. C. motivated forgetting.
  5. personal forgetfulness.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Psychodynamic Perspective

 

  1. Freud believed that _____ is a basic drive that motivates human behavior.
  2. A. the libido
  3. the subconscious
  4. catharsis
  5. repression

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Sigmund Freud, the three systems of the human psyche that regulate the libido are the:
  2. personal unconscious, collective unconscious, and archetypes.
  3. B. id, ego, and superego.
  4. ego, unconscious, and subconscious.
  5. aggressive drive, id, and the superego.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, the id operates by the:
  2. reality principle.
  3. morality principle.
  4. conscience principle.
  5. D. pleasure principle.

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the psychological approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. According to Freud, which structure seeks to gratify our wishes and needs in ways that are within the rules of society for their appropriate expression?
  2. Id
  3. B. Ego
  4. Superego
  5. Libido

Page: 41

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.1 Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology.

Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Analyze the cognitive approach to abnormal psychology.

Topic: Freud

 

  1. Frank attends an evening class at the local community college. His stomach begins to growl when he gets hungry. He wants to leave class early and get dinner, but realizes that leaving would be wrong because it would disrupt the class. Franks realization is an example of his _____ at work.
  2. id
  3. instinct
  4. C. superego
  5. ego

Page: 4142

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA Outcome: 1.3 Describe applications of psychology.

Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: Diffi

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here