Aging Concepts and Controversies 8th Edition by Harry R. Moody Jennifer R. Sasser Test Bank

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Aging Concepts and Controversies 8th Edition by Harry R. Moody Jennifer R. Sasser Test Bank

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Controversy 7
Should People Have the Choice to End Their Lives?

1. Assisted suicide is defined as:
A) A deliberate intervention to end a patients life
B) Not doing something, such as withdrawing life support, that results in death
*C) A doctor or family member actively provides the means or carries out the instructions required for an individual to end his or her life
D) Euthanasia
E) None of the above

2. Older adults make up around 13% of the U.S. population but account for what percentage of suicides?
A) About 10%
*B) Almost 16%
C) Almost 25%
D) None of the above

3. Which of the following are predictors of suicide?
A) Intolerable psychological pain and frustration
B) A feeling of hopelessness or helplessness
C) Expressing the intent to kill oneself
D) A and B are true
*E) All of the above

4. Which state was the first in the U.S. to make physician-assisted suicide legal?
A) Hawaii
B) Massachusetts
*C) Oregon
D) All of the above
E) A and B above

5. Among the patients studied by Pearlman and Starks, the pursuit of physician-assisted death was motivated by all of the following factors except one. Which one?
A) Illness-related experiences
B) Threat to the persons sense of self
*C) Depression
D) Fears about the future
E) None of the above

6. McKhann prefers to use which of the following terms to describe the person who wishes to die and asks for help?
A) Assisted suicide
B) Active euthanasia
*C) Physician-assisted dying
D) Passive euthanasia
E) None of the above

7. Which of the following reflect public concerns about assisted dying?
A) The possibility of medical error
B) The potential for abuse
C) The roles played by financial interests in prolonging or shortening life
D) The possibility of a slippery slope down a path of moral decay
*E) All of the above

8. Which states in addition to Oregon have passed laws permitting physician-assisted dying?
A) Washington
B) Vermont
C) Montana
*D) All of the above
E) None of the above

9. According to Kass, which of the following reasons are used to support physician-assisted death?
A) The right to control ones body and life; freedom and autonomy
B) When the patients life is deemed no longer worth living, usually because of great pain, a terminal condition, an irreversible coma, advanced senility, or extreme degradation
C) Once a patient is diagnosed with a terminal illness, the physician is no longer obligated to heal
D) All of the above
*E) A and B above

10. According to Kass, the reasons that are advanced to support physician-assisted death represent which school(s) of medical ethics?
A) The school of autonomy
B) The school of general benevolence and compassion
C) The school of professing the art of healing
D) All of the above
*E) A and B above

11. Among older persons, clinical depression is the most important cause of suicide.
*A) True
B) False

12. Most older suicide victims live alone.
A) True
*B) False

13. Older people who commit suicide are more likely to have recently visited their primary health care provider than to have received mental health services.
*A) True
B) False

14. Suicide rates rise with advancing age for women but not for men.
A) True
*B) False

15. The first important right-to-die law was passed with the Oregon Death with Dignity Act.
A) True
*B) False

16. U.S. common law holds that people have a right to accept or reject medical treatment.
*A) True
B) False

17. Termination of life-sustaining treatment is not homicide, suicide, or assisted suicide according to court decisions.
*A) True
B) False

18. The majority of older people do not feel sad or unhappy most of the time.
*A) True
B) False

19. Pearlman and Starks argue that health care providers can best serve patients by focusing on the single factor motivating them to seek physician-assisted death.
A) True
*B) False

20. Because of the wish to control the timing and circumstance of ones death, some dying patients will continue to desire assisted death even if they are receiving excellent palliative end-of-life care.
*A) True
B) False

21. Kass argues that defining categories of euthanizable people is a fairly easy and straightforward task.
A) True
*B) False

22. Kass argues that from the health care providers perspective, the duty to make whole and to heal can never be compatible with intentionally killing the patient.
*A) True
B) False

Type: E
23. Why is depression difficult to diagnose in older adults?
*A) Varies

Type: E
24. What is the Patient Self-Determination Act, and how has it assisted people in making end-of-life decisions?
*A) Varies

Type: E
25. In your opinion, should physician-assisted suicide be legalized? Explain.
*A) Varies

Type: E
26. Why do some people seek physician-assisted death? How can clinicians best understand older persons complex experiences around serious illness, dying and death?
*A) Varies

Type: E
27. Explain McKhanns arguments in favor of physician-assisted dying. Do you agree or disagree with McKhann? Explain.
*A) Varies

Type: E
28. In your judgment, is Woodman arguing in favor of or against physician-assisted death? Explain.
*A) Varies

Type: E
29. Describe how Auntys feelings about physician-assisted death changed over time. What makes these decisions complicated for patients, families, and health care providers?
*A) Varies

Type: E
30. How would legalized mercy killing affect the doctor-patient relationship, according to Kass? Do you agree or disagree with his position? Explain.
*A) Varies

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