Anatomy And Physiologyan Integrative Approach 2nd Edition by McKinley Test Bank

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Anatomy And Physiologyan Integrative Approach 2nd Edition by McKinley Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS
Anatomy And Physiologyan Integrative Approach 2nd Edition by McKinley Test Bank

Chapter 02

Atoms, Ions, and Molecules

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Anything that has mass and occupies space is considered to be ________.
    matter

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01a With respect to the structure of an atom: Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.01 Define matter, and list its three forms.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions
The three forms of matter are

  1. air, water, and solids.
    B. solids, liquids, and gases.
    C. blood, bone, and air.
    D. vapor, water, and solid.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01a With respect to the structure of an atom: Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.01 Define matter, and list its three forms.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

  1. Which of the following has the smallest mass?
    A. An electron
    B.  An atomic nucleus
    C.  A proton
    D.  A neutron

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C01.01a With respect to the structure of an atom: Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.02 Describe and differentiate among the subatomic particles that compose atoms.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

True / False Questions

  1. An atomic nucleus consists of protons and neutrons and is positively charged.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01a With respect to the structure of an atom: Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.02 Describe and differentiate among the subatomic particles that compose atoms.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following statements accurately describes electrons?
    A. They are found inside the nucleus and have a positive charge.
    B.  They are in orbitals outside the nucleus and have a positive charge.
    C.  They are found inside the nucleus and have a negative charge.
    D.  They are in orbitals outside the nucleus and have a negative charge.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01a With respect to the structure of an atom: Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.02 Describe and differentiate among the subatomic particles that compose atoms.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

  1. An elements atomic number is determined by the number of __________ in one atom of that element.
    A. protons
    B.  nuclei
    C.  electrons
    D.  neutrons
    E.  atomic mass units

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01d With respect to the structure of an atom: Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.03 Explain the arrangement of elements in the periodic table based on atomic number.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

Within the periodic table, elements are organized consecutively by

  1. atomic mass within columns.
    B. atomic mass within rows.
    C. atomic number within columns.
    D. atomic number within rows.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01d With respect to the structure of an atom: Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.03 Explain the arrangement of elements in the periodic table based on atomic number.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

The number of neutrons in an atom can be determined by

  1. subtracting the atomic number from the atomic mass.
    B. subtracting the atomic mass from the atomic number.
    C. adding the atomic mass to the atomic number.
    D. adding the number of protons to the number of electrons.
    E. adding the number of protons to the atomic number.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C01.01d With respect to the structure of an atom: Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.03 Explain the arrangement of elements in the periodic table based on atomic number.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

  1. When diagramming an atom, the innermost shell is filled with ______ electrons.
    A. two
    B.  six
    C.  eight
    D.  ten

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.04 Diagram the structure of an atom.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Short Answer Questions
 

  1. Explain how the structure of an oxygen atom with an atomic mass of sixteen would be diagrammed. Include the number of subatomic particles in each part of the atom.

The nucleus would consist of eight protons and eight neutrons.  There would be two electron shells; the innermost would contain two electrons and the outer one would hold six.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C01.01a With respect to the structure of an atom: Describe the charge, mass, and relative location of electrons, protons and neutrons.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.04 Diagram the structure of an atom.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. When diagramming an atom, how many electrons can fit in each of the shells beyond the innermost shell?
    A. Two
    B.  Six
    C.  Eight
    D.  Ten

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.04 Diagram the structure of an atom.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Two atoms that differ only in the number of neutrons they contain are known as

  1. anions.
    B. isomers.
    C. isotopes.
    D. ions.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01c With respect to the structure of an atom: Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.05 Describe an isotope.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

True / False Questions

  1. All isotopes of a given element have the same atomic mass.
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01c With respect to the structure of an atom: Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.05 Describe an isotope.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Fill in the Blank Questions
 

  1. Two atoms that have the same chemical characteristics but different atomic masses are considered __________.
    isotopesor  
    isotope

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01c With respect to the structure of an atom: Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.05 Describe an isotope.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions
Radioisotopes contain

  1. an insufficient number of neutrons.
    B. an insufficient number of electrons.
    C. an insufficient number of protons.
    D. an excess of protons.
    E. an excess of neutrons.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.06 Explain how radioisotopes differ from other types of isotopes.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

True / False Questions
 

The half-life of a radioisotope is at least one day and at most ten years.

FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.06 Explain how radioisotopes differ from other types of isotopes.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions
Biological half-life is the time required for

  1. half of an ionic compound to ionize.
    B. half of a radioactive material to be eliminated from the body.
    C.

radioactivity levels of organic compounds to stabilize at one-half their original value.

  1. radiation exposure that is lethal for half of a biological population.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.06 Explain how radioisotopes differ from other types of isotopes.
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Fill in the Blank Questions
 

  1. Another name for the outer electron shell of an atom is the ________ shell.
    valence

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.07 Describe how elements are organized in the periodic table based on the valence electron number.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. On the periodic table, beryllium sits above magnesium and to the right of lithium. Given that magnesium has two electrons in its outer shell and lithium has one, how many electrons would you predict beryllium has in its outer shell?
    A. One
    B.  Two
    C.  Three
    D.  Four

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C01.01d With respect to the structure of an atom: Distinguish among the terms atomic number, mass number and atomic weight.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.07 Describe how elements are organized in the periodic table based on the valence electron number.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Fill in the Blank Questions
 

  1. In general, the number of electrons that would fill an atoms outer shell and make it nonreactive is _______.
    eightor  
    8  or  
    octet

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.08 State the octet rule.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

True / False Questions

  1. Elements in the first column of the periodic table contain one electron in their outer shell.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.01.07 Describe how elements are organized in the periodic table based on the valence electron number.
Section: 02.01
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. An atom with a positive or negative charge is known as a(n) ________.
    ion

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.02 Compare and contrast the terms ions, electrolytes, free radicals, isotopes and radioisotopes.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.02.01 Define an ion.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules


 

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

An ion is an atom or group of atoms that has

  1. a different number of neutrons than most atoms of that element.
    B. lost or gained a proton.
    C. lost or gained an electron.
    D.

a biological half-life due to radioactive decay.

 

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01c With respect to the structure of an atom: Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.02.01 Define an ion.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The most common extracellular cation is ________.
    sodiumor  
    Na  or  
    Na+

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.03 Define the term salt and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.02.02 List some common ions in the body.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

True / False Questions
 

  1. Positively charged ions are called cations.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01c With respect to the structure of an atom: Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.02.03 Differentiate between cations and anions.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions
The molecular formula for bicarbonate ion is HCO3.  It is therefore a

  1. polyatomic anion.
    B. polyatomic cation.
    C. radioactive isotope.
    D. cationic compound.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C01.03 Compare and contrast the terms atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.02.03 Differentiate between cations and anions.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Essay Questions
 

  1. Describe the ionic form of calcium (what is its charge)?  Then describe how three physiological systems would malfunction if calcium levels were not maintained homeostatically.

 

Calcium is a divalent cation.  If calcium levels are abnormal: 1) bones may weaken, 2) excitable tissues might malfunction (e.g., skeletal and cardiac muscle contractions are impaired), and 3) blood clotting might be inadequate.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.03 Define the term salt and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.02.02 List some common ions in the body.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions
When atoms of elements on the left side of the periodic table ionize, they tend to

  1. gain electrons and therefore become anions.
    B. gain protons and therefore become anions.
    C. lose electrons and therefore become cations.
    D. lose protons and therefore become cations.
    E. add neutrons and therefore become megaions.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C01.01c With respect to the structure of an atom: Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.02.04 Describe how charges are assigned to ions.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

When elements found in column VIA of the periodic table become ions, they usually have a charge of

  1. 2.
    B. 1.
    C. +1.
    D. +2.
    E. +3.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C01.01c With respect to the structure of an atom: Explain how ions and isotopes are produced by changing the relative number of specific subatomic particles.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.02.04 Describe how charges are assigned to ions.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

True / False Questions

  1. Phosphate ions are common cations within the body.
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.03 Define the term salt and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.02.02 List some common ions in the body.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

If an ionic compound formed between an element from the first column of the periodic table and another from the sixth column, you would expect the compound to include

  1. one atom from each of the two elements.
    B.

one atom from the first-column element and two atoms from the sixth-column element.

two atoms from the first-column element and one atom from the sixth-column element.

three atoms from the first-column element and two from the sixth-column element.

 

 

Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.02.05 Define an ionic bond.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemical bonding

  1. Ionic bonds involve:
    A. electrostatic interactions between anions and cations.
    B.  the sharing of electrons between two atoms of the same element.
    C.  the attraction between water and salts.
    D.  the release of protons by negatively charged particles.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.02.05 Define an ionic bond.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

In the formation of a compound of sodium chloride,

  1. a chlorine atom donates an electron to a sodium atom.
    B. a chloride ion donates two protons to a sodium ion.
    C. a sodium atom donates an electron to a chlorine atom.
    D. a sodium ion donates two electrons to a chlorine atom.
    E. the sodium and chlorine atoms share a pair of electrons equally.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.02.06 Describe an ionic compound of NaCl.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

True / False Questions

  1. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is considered an ionic compound.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01c With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Provide biologically significant examples of each.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.02.07 List other examples of ionic compounds.
Section: 02.02
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

Water contains two hydrogen atoms bound to one oxygen atom; H2O is therefore waters

  1. molecular formula.
    B. ionic compound.
    C. isotope ratio.
    D. stochastic isomer.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C01.03 Compare and contrast the terms atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.03.01 Define a molecular formula.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Atoms and molecules

  1. Which statement accurately describes isomers?
    A. They possess differing numbers of neutrons in their nuclei.
    B.  They have the same molecular shape but involve different elements.
    C.  They have the same structural formula but different molecular formulas.
    D.  They have the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.
    E.  They have gained or lost electrons at their outer shell.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C01.03 Compare and contrast the terms atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.03.02 Describe a structural formula, and explain its use in differentiating isomers.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The numbers and types of atoms in a molecule as well as the spatial arrangement of those atoms is provided by the ________ formula.
    structural

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.03 Compare and contrast the terms atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.03.02 Describe a structural formula, and explain its use in differentiating isomers.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Isomers of the same molecule have identical chemical properties.
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C01.03 Compare and contrast the terms atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.03.02 Describe a structural formula, and explain its use in differentiating isomers.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

Multiple Choice Questions
What is the number of covalent bonds that an atom of nitrogen can form within a molecule?

7-26-2013

  1. 1
    B. 2
    C. 3
    D. 4

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01c With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Provide biologically significant examples of each.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.03 Describe a covalent bond and explain its formation based on the octet rule.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of the four most common elements in the body?
    A. Oxygen
    B.  Nitrogen
    C.  Hydrogen
    D.  Carbon
    E.  Calcium

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.03 Compare and contrast the terms atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.03.04 List the four most common elements in the human body.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Atoms and molecules

A double covalent bond involves

  1. the sharing of one pair of electrons.
    B. the sharing of two pairs of electrons.
    C. the donation of one pair of electrons.
    D. the donation of two pairs of electrons.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.05 Distinguish between single, double, and triple covalent bonds.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

Consider an atom with four electrons in its outer shell. If that atom is covalently bound to three other atoms within a molecule, then it is

  1. in a double bond with one atom and in single bonds with two atoms.
    B. in a single bond with one atom and in double bonds with two atoms.
    C. in a triple bond with one atom and in single bonds with two atoms.
    D. in double bonds with all three atoms.
    E. in single bonds with all three atoms.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.03.05 Distinguish between single, double, and triple covalent bonds.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

If an element from the first column of the periodic table entered into a covalent bond with one from the sixth column, then the bond would be a

  1. polar bond, with the element from the first column developing a partial negative charge.
    B. polar bond, with the element from the sixth column developing a partial negative charge.
    C. nonpolar bond, with the element from the first column developing a partial positive charge.
    D. nonpolar bond, with the element from the sixth column developing a partial positive charge.
    E. nonpolar bond, with neither element developing any partial charges at all.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.06 Explain polar and nonpolar covalent bonds.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

True / False Questions
 

  1. When two atoms with very different electronegativity share electrons a polar covalent bond is formed.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.06 Explain polar and nonpolar covalent bonds.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

  1. Oxygen is more electronegative than carbon.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C01.01b With respect to the structure of an atom: Relate the number of electrons in an electron shell to an atoms chemical stability and its ability to form chemical bonds.
HAPS Topic: Module C01 Atoms & molecules.
Learning Objective: 02.03.06 Explain polar and nonpolar covalent bonds.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

  1. Any molecule that contains a polar bond within it is a polar molecule.
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.07 Describe the difference between a nonpolar molecule and a polar molecule.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

Fatty acids consist mainly of carbon and hydrogen, and so fatty acids are

  1. nonpolar and do not dissolve in water.
    B. nonpolar and dissolve in water.
    C. polar and do not dissolve in water.
    D. polar and dissolve in water.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C02.01c With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Provide biologically significant examples of each.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.07 Describe the difference between a nonpolar molecule and a polar molecule.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Atoms and molecules

Phospholipids are described as

  1. polar.
    B. nonpolar.
    C. amphipathic.
    D. amphiprotic.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01c With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Provide biologically significant examples of each.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.08 Define an amphipathic molecule.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Atoms and molecules

 

An individual hydrogen bond in a sample of water would be described as

  1. strong and intramolecular.
    B. strong and intermolecular.
    C. weak and intramolecular.
    D. weak and intermolecular.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01a With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: List each type of bond in order by relative strength.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.09 Describe hydrogen bonding between polar molecules.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

  1. Hydrogen bonds form between molecules containing _________ bonds; the hydrogen bond is between a hydrogen atom of one molecule and a partially _________ charged atom of another.
    A. polar covalent; negatively
    B.  polar covalent; positively
    C.  nonpolar covalent; positively
    D.  nonpolar covalent; negatively
    E.  ionic; positively

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.09 Describe hydrogen bonding between polar molecules.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

True / False Questions
 

  1. Van der Waals forces occur between nonpolar molecules and are weaker attractions than covalent bonds.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01a With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: List each type of bond in order by relative strength.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.10 List and define the intermolecular attractions between nonpolar molecules.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

Multiple Choice Questions
The molecular formula of chlorine gas is Cl2.  One molecule of this gas would be attracted to another by

  1. polar covalent bonds.
    B. van der Waals forces.
    C. ionic bonds.
    D. hydrogen bonds.
    E. intramolecular forces.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C02.01a With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: List each type of bond in order by relative strength.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.10 List and define the intermolecular attractions between nonpolar molecules.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

Essay Questions
 

  1. Explain the attractive forces within and between molecules. In your answer, distinguish between polar and nonpolar bonds, and distinguish between single, double, and triple bonds.  Also be sure to explain three types of intermolecular attractions.

 

A complete answer should describe the sharing of electrons in different types of covalent bonds, and should explain the basic nature of hydrogen bonds, van der Waals forces, and hydrophobic interactions.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C02.01b With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Explain the mechanism of each type of bond.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.03.10 List and define the intermolecular attractions between nonpolar molecules.
Section: 02.03
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. An individual water molecule contains ______ atoms and enters into ______ hydrogen bonds with other water molecules.
    A.

two; two

three; two

three; three

three; four

three; six

 

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01c With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Provide biologically significant examples of each.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.04.01 Describe the molecular structure of water and how water molecules form four hydrogen bonds.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Chemical bonding

 

Water has a

  1. high specific heat, and this tends to cause large amounts of sweating.
    B. high specific heat, and this tends to keep body temperature relatively constant.
    C. low specific heat, and this tends to lead to variability in body temperature.
    D. low specific heat, and this tends to minimize sweating.
    E. low specific heat, and this tends to result in chills and shivering.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.02 List the different properties of water and provide an example of the importance of each property within the body.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

  1. The hydrogen bonds in a sample of water result in ________ cohesion and a _____ heat of vaporization.
    A.

increased; high

increased; low

decreased; high

decreased; low

 

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.02 List the different properties of water and provide an example of the importance of each property within the body.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Surfactant is necessary to prevent collapse of the alveoli in the lung because in its absence water molecules

  1. vaporize and take up much less space.
    B. are more strongly attracted to each other by van der Waals forces.
    C. are more strongly attracted to each other by cohesive forces.
    D. congregate around nearby proteins to which they adhere.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.02 List the different properties of water and provide an example of the importance of each property within the body.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The amount of energy (measured in calories) required to increase the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree Celsius is known as ____________.
    specific heat

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.02 List the different properties of water and provide an example of the importance of each property within the body.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions
 

  1. Water is the main solute of the body.
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.03 Compare substances that dissolve in water with those that both dissolve and dissociate in water. Distinguish between electrolytes and nonelectrolytes.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions
When a strong acid is placed in water, it

  1. does not dissolve or dissociate.
    B. dissolves but does not dissociate.
    C. dissolves and dissociates.
    D. dissociates, but does not dissolve.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.03 Compare substances that dissolve in water with those that both dissolve and dissociate in water. Distinguish between electrolytes and nonelectrolytes.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

When a nonpolar molecule is placed in water, it will

  1. neither dissolve nor carry electrical current.
    B. dissolve and carry electrical current.
    C. dissociate and carry electrical current.
    D.

carry electrical current but not dissolve or dissociate.

 

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.03 Compare substances that dissolve in water with those that both dissolve and dissociate in water. Distinguish between electrolytes and nonelectrolytes.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions
Hydrophobic exclusion refers to the chemical interactions that prevent nonpolar molecules from dissolving in water.

TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.04 Describe the chemical interactions of nonpolar substances and water.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Short Answer Questions
 

  1. Steroid hormones are nonpolar molecules that travel in the blood.  Explain how such molecules interact with the water of the plasma.

Because they are nonpolar, steroids are hydrophobic and are excluded from dissolving within the watery plasma.  Like other nonpolar plasma solutes, they require carrier proteins to be transported through the blood.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.04.04 Describe the chemical interactions of nonpolar substances and water.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A molecule with polar and nonpolar parts that only partially dissolves in water is described as __________.
    amphipathic

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Objective: 02.03.08 Define an amphipathic molecule.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

Chemical barriers composed of phospholipid bilayers form within biological systems because

  1. cells expend ATP to position the phospholipid tails close together.
    B. hydrophobic exclusion results in the close positioning of the nonpolar tails.
    C. van der Waals forces attract the polar heads to the water inside the cell.
    D. the inability of the polar heads to dissolve in water causes the heads to adhere to one another.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C07.01 Describe how lipids are distributed in a cell membrane, and explain their functions.
HAPS Topic: Module C07 Membrane structure & function.
Learning Objective: 02.04.05 Explain how amphipathic molecules interact in water to form chemical barriers.
Section: 02.04
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

In a sample of distilled water, a water molecule that has picked up an extra hydrogen ion is called a(n)

  1. amphipathic macromolecule.
    B. hydroxide ion.
    C. hydronium ion.
    D. proteinaceous water molecule.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.01 Discuss the physiologically important properties of water.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.01 Describe what is formed when water dissociates.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions
 

  1. A hydroxide ion carries a negative charge.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C02.01c With respect to non-polar covalent, polar covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds: Provide biologically significant examples of each.
HAPS Topic: Module C02 Chemical bonding.
Learning Objective: 02.05.01 Describe what is formed when water dissociates.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

  1. A base is described as a proton donor.
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.02 Explain the difference between an acid and a base.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions
Bicarbonate (HCO3) is a

  1. strong proton donor.
    B. strong proton acceptor.
    C. weak proton donor.
    D. weak proton acceptor.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.02 Explain the difference between an acid and a base.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Given a watery solution in which 1/1,000,000 particles are free H+ ions, what will the pH be?

  1. 2
    B. 5
    C. 6
    D. 7
    E. 10

 

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.03 Define pH and explain the relative pH values of both acids and bases.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions

  1. The higher the concentration of H+ is, the lower the pH is.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.03 Define pH and explain the relative pH values of both acids and bases.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

Compared to a solution with a pH of 7, a solution with a pH of 4 is

  1. more acidic and has a 1,000-fold increase in [H+].
    B. more acidic and has a 300-fold increase in [H+].
    C. more basic and has a 1,000-fold increase in [H+].
    D. more basic and has a 300-fold increase in [H+].
    E. more basic and has a 300-fold decrease in [H+].

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.05 State acidic, neutral, and alkaline pH values.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.03 Define pH and explain the relative pH values of both acids and bases.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions

  1. The addition of a buffer to liquid such as blood with a pH of 7.4 causes the pH to drop to 7.0 (chemically neutral).
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.05 Describe the action of a buffer.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. When the pH of an acidic solution is brought to 7.0, that change is called __________.
    neutralization

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.05 State acidic, neutral, and alkaline pH values.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.04 Explain the term neutralization, and describe how the neutralization of both an acid and a base occur.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. To neutralize a base, a(n) ________ must be added.
    A. acid
    B.  buffer
    C.  weak base
    D.  hydroxide ion

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.04 Explain the term neutralization, and describe how the neutralization of both an acid and a base occur.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

Generally, a chemical buffer is described as

a strong acid or strong base that brings the pH of a solution to 7.0.

  1. a weak acid and weak base that help prevent big changes in pH.
    C.a neutral molecule that does not influence the pH in any way.
    D. a weak acid that makes a solution slightly more basic by its presence.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.04 Define the terms pH, acid, base, and buffer and give examples of physiological significance.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.05.05 Describe the action of a buffer.
Section: 02.05
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

When a protein of 50 nanometers is mixed with water, the opaque result is called a(n)

  1. suspension.
    B. emulsion.
    C. solution.
    D. colloid.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.01 Compare and contrast the three different types of water mixtures.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions
When water mixtures are formed, the components are chemically altered and the new molecular bonds can be separated only by chemical means.

FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.01 Compare and contrast the three different types of water mixtures.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Which of the following statements accurately describes the solutes within a solution?
    A. Water is the universal solute, and solutes are more abundant in solutions than solvents are.
    B.  The solutes are not visible, do not scatter light, and do not settle if the solution is left standing.
    C.  Solutes are greater than 100 nanometers in size, and will settle out of solution if the mixture is left standing.
    D.  Solutes are between 50 and 100 nanometers in size; they do not scatter light but will settle out of solution if left standing.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.01 Compare and contrast the three different types of water mixtures.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions

  1. An emulsion is a combination of water and a nonpolar liquid that have been forcibly mixed.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.02 Explain how an emulsion differs from other types of mixtures.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Short Answer Questions
 

Blood has been described as an example of a suspension, and soda has been described as a solution.  Define these two categories of mixtures and provide different examples of each type.  In the examples you provide, explain the molecular properties (approximate size, polarity) of the substances that mix with water.

 

 

Common examples of suspensions include muddy water and a mixture of flour with water.  Flour is a large carbohydrate, so it is polar and its particle size is greater than 100 nanometers.  Saltwater is a common example of a solution.  Sodium and chloride are ions (charged particles) that are single atoms smaller than 1 nanometer.

 

Blooms Level: 6. Create
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.01 Compare and contrast the three different types of water mixtures.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. When solution concentration is measured in moles of solute per kilogram of solvent, that measurement is known as _________.
    molality

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.03 Explain the different ways to express the concentration of solute in a solution.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. A technician is asked to make up a solution of physiological saline and is told that it should be a 0.9% NaCl solution using the mass/volume percent measurement of concentration.  If the technician is making 100 milliliters of solution, how much NaCl should be included?
    A. 9 micrograms
    B.  9 kilograms
    C.  9 grams
    D.  0.9 grams
    E.  90 grams

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.03 Explain the different ways to express the concentration of solute in a solution.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions

  1. Molarity is measured in the units of moles solute/L solution.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.03 Explain the different ways to express the concentration of solute in a solution.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. How many osmoles are in a solution of 1M NaOH?
    A. 1 osm
    B.  2 osm
    C.  3 osm
    D.  4 osm

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.03 Explain the different ways to express the concentration of solute in a solution.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

Given that the mass of an oxygen atom is 16 amu and that of a hydrogen atom is 1 amu, 1 mole of water would be equal to

  1. 17 amu.
    B. 18 amu.
    C. 15 grams.
    D. 18 grams.
    E. 6.02 1023 grams.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C03.02 Distinguish among the terms solution, solute, solvent, colloid suspension, and emulsion.
HAPS Topic: Module C03 Inorganic compounds & solutions.
Learning Objective: 02.06.03 Explain the different ways to express the concentration of solute in a solution.
Section: 02.06
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

True / False Questions

  1. Inorganic molecules contain carbon.
    FALSE

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C04.01 Define the term organic molecule.
HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds.
Learning Objective: 02.07.01 Differentiate between an organic molecule and an inorganic molecule.
Section: 02.07
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

  1. Water and sodium chloride are examples of inorganic molecules.
    TRUE

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C04.01 Define the term organic molecule.
HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds.
Learning Objective: 02.07.01 Differentiate between an organic molecule and an inorganic molecule.
Section: 02.07
Topic: Inorganic compounds and solutions

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is an accurate description of hydrocarbons?
    A. Most of them contain phosphorus.
    B.  They are nonpolar molecules.
    C.  Most of them contain sulfur.
    D.  They are polar molecules.

 

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: C04.04b With respect to carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids: Compare and contrast general molecular structure.
HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds.
Learning Objective: 02.07.02 Describe the general chemical composition of biomolecules.
Section: 02.07
Topic: Organic compounds

Like most functional groups, carboxyl groups are

  1. nonpolar and therefore increase a biomolecules solubility in water.
    B. nonpolar and therefore decrease a biomolecules solubility in water.
    C. polar and therefore increase a biomolecules solubility in water.
    D. polar and therefore decrease a biomolecules solubility in water.

 

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: C04.04b With respect to carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids: Compare and contrast general molecular structure.
HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds.
Learning Objective: 02.07.02 Describe the general chemical composition of biomolecules.
Section: 02.07
Topic: Organic compounds

 

Proteins are

  1. polymers made up of amino acid monomers.
    B. monomers.
    C. monomers made of repeating subunits of polymers.
    D. neither monomers nor polymers.
    E. polymers made of repeating units of carbohydrates.

 

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: C04.04a With respect to carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids: Identify the monomers and polymers.
HAPS Topic: Module C04 Organic compounds.
Learning Objective: 02.07.03 Define a monomer and polymer.
Secti

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