Burton Microbiology for the Health Sciences 9th edition by Paul G. Engelkirk Test Bank

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Burton Microbiology for the Health Sciences 9th edition by Paul G. Engelkirk Test Bank

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1.
Which one of the following steps occurs during the multiplication of animal viruses, but not during the multiplication of bacteriophages?
A)
assembly
B)
biosynthesis
C)
penetration
D)
uncoating
2.
Which one of the following diseases or groups of diseases is not caused by prions?
A)
certain plant diseases
B)
chronic wasting disease of deer and elk
C)
Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease of humans
D)
mad cow disease
3.
Most procaryotic cells reproduce by:
A)
binary fission
B)
budding
C)
gamete production
D)
spore formation
4.
The group of bacteria that lack rigid cell walls and take on irregular shapes is:
A)
chlamydias.
B)
mycobacteria.
C)
mycoplasmas.
D)
rickettsias.
5.
At the end of the Gram staining procedure, Gram-positive bacteria will be:
A)
blue-to-purple.
B)
green.
C)
orange.
D)
pink-to-red.

6.
Which one of the following statements about rickettsias is false?
A)
Diseases caused by rickettsias are arthropodborne.
B)
Rickets is caused by a Rickettsia species.
C)
Rickettsia species cause typhus and typhuslike diseases.
D)
Rickettsias have leaky membranes.
7.
Which one of the following statements about Chlamydia and Chlamydophila spp. is false?
A)
They are obligate intracellular pathogens.
B)
They are considered to be energy parasites.
C)
The diseases they cause are all arthropodborne.
D)
They are considered to be Gram-negative bacteria.
8.
Which one of the following statements about cyanobacteria is false?
A)
Although cyanobacteria are photosynthetic, they do not produce oxygen as a result of photosynthesis.
B)
At one time, cyanobacteria were called blue- green algae.
C)
Some cyanobacteria are capable of nitrogen fixation.
D)
Some cyanobacteria are important medically because they produce toxins.
9.
Which one of the following statements about archaeans is false?
A)
Archaeans are more closely related to eucaryotes than they are to bacteria.
B)
Both archaeans and bacteria are procaryotic organisms.
C)
Some archaeans live in extremely hot environments.
The cell walls of archaeans contain a thicker D) layer of peptidoglycan than the cell walls of
bacteria.
A)
B)
C)
eucaryotes than they are to bacteria.
Both archaeans and bacteria are procaryotic organisms.
Some archaeans live in extremely hot environments.
D)
The cell walls of archaeans contain a thicker layer of peptidoglycan than the cell walls of bacteria.
10.
An organism that does not require oxygen, grows better in the absence of oxygen, but can survive in atmospheres containing some molecular oxygen is known as a/an:
A)
aerotolerant anaerobe.
B)
capnophile.
C)
facultative anaerobe.
D)
microaerophile.
Use the following to answer questions 11-15: Match the following items to the correct phrase.
a. diplococci
b. diplobacilli c. staphylococci d. streptobacilli e. streptococci
11.
Spherical bacteria arranged in pairs are called ____________________.
12.
Rod-shaped bacteria arranged in chains are called ____________________.
13.
Spherical bacteria arranged in clusters are called ____________________.
14.
Rod-shaped bacteria arranged in pairs are called ____________________.

15.
Spherical bacteria arranged in chains are called ____________________.
Use the following to answer questions 16-20: Match the following items to the correct phrase.
a. chlamydias
b. cyanobacteria c. mycoplasmas d. rickettsias
e. spirochetes
16.
The bacteria that cause syphilis and Lyme disease are ____________________.
17.
____________________ are obligate intracellular pathogens that cause diseases such as trachoma, inclusion conjunctivitis, and urethritis.
18.
____________________ are photosynthetic.
19.
____________________ have no cell walls.
20.
____________________ are obligate intracellular pathogens that cause diseases such as typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
21.
All diseases caused by Rickettsia spp. are arthropodborne.
A)
True
B)
False

22.
Viruses contain both DNA and RNA.
A)
True
B)
False
23.
The cell walls of archaeans contain a thicker layer of peptidoglycan than bacterial cell walls.
A)
True
B)
False
24.
On entering a bacterial cell, all bacteriophages immediately initiate the lytic cycle.
A)
True
B)
False
25.
Mycoplasmas cannot grow on artificial media.
A)
True
B)
False
26.
Viruses are the smallest infectious agents.
A)
True
B)
False
27.
Rickettsia spp. and Chlamydia spp. cannot be grown on artificial media.
A)
True
B)
False
28.
Prions are infectious RNA molecules.
A)
True
B)
False
29.
HIV is an enveloped, double-stranded RNA virus.
A) True
B) False
29.
HIV is an enveloped, double-stranded RNA virus.
A)
True
B)
False
30.
Organisms in the genus Vibrio are curved bacilli.
A)
True
B)
False
Use the following to answer questions 31-35:
Match the following items to the correct phrase.
a. Fastidious bacteria
b. Mycoplasma spp.
c. Clostridium and Bacillus spp.
d. Mycobacterium and Nocardia spp. e. Vibrio species
31.
Bacteria without cell walls.
32.
Acid-fast bacteria.
33.
Curved, Gram-negative bacilli.
34.
Spore-forming bacteria.
35.
Bacteria having complex nutritional requirements.
Use the following to answer questions 36-41:
Match the following items to the correct phrase.
a. viroids b. virions
c. prions
d. temperate phages e. virulent phages
36.
Viruses that infect bacteria and cause the lytic cycle to occur.
37.
Term meaning complete viral particles.
38.
Are known to cause some plant diseases, but no animal diseases.
39.
Infectious protein molecules.
40.
Infectious molecules of RNA.
41.
Cause diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease, mad cow disease, and scrapie.
Use the following to answer questions 42-45: Match the following items to the correct phrase.
a. Most Streptococcus spp. b. Staphylococcus spp.
c. Neisseria spp.
d. Streptococcus pneumoniae
42.
Gram-positive cocci in clusters.
43.
Gram-positive diplococci.
44.
Gram-negative diplococci.

45.
Gram-positive cocci in chains.
Use the following to answer questions 46-51: Match the following items to the correct phrase.
a. Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Campylobacter spp.
b. Clostridium spp.
c. E. coli, most Staphylococcus and Streptococcus spp. d. Mycobacterium and Nocardia spp.
e. Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Haemophilus influenzae
46.
Facultative anaerobes.
47.
Microaerophiles.
48.
Some species are aerotolerant anaerobes and some species are obligate anaerobes.
49.
Fastidious bacterial pathogens that will grow on chocolate agar but not on blood agar.
50.
Capnophiles.
51.
Acid-fast bacteria.
Answer Key
1.
D
2.
A
3.
A
4.
C
5. A
6. B
7. C
8. A
9. D
1. D
2. A
3. A
4. C
5. A
6. B
7. C
8. A
9. D
10. A
11. a
12. d
13. c
14. b
15. e
16. e
17. a
18. b
19. c
20. d
21. A
22. B
23. B
24. B
25. B
26. B
27. A
28. B
29. A
30. A
31. b
32. d
33. e
34. c
35. a
36. e
37. b
38. a
39. c
40. a
41. c
42. b
43. d
44. c
45. a
46. c
47. a
48. b
49. e
50. a

41. c
42. b
43. d
44. c
45. a
46.
c
47.
a
48.
b
49.
e
50.
a
51.
d

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