Career Information Career Counseling And Career Development 11Th Edition by Duane Brown -Test Bank

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Career Information Career Counseling And Career Development 11Th Edition by Duane Brown -Test Bank


Career Information Career Counseling And Career Development 11Th Edition by Duane Brown -Test Bank

Chapter 2

        Ethical and Legal Guidelines and the Competencies Needed for Career Development Practice



Learning Objectives


Students should be able to:


  1. Identify ethical principles that govern career development practitioners work


  1. Outline the requirements for the Master Career Counselor, Master Career Development Professional, and Career Development Facilitator credentials


  1. Identify the major competencies needed by career development professionals.



Key Terms/Concepts


Ethical principles                                 Legal standards

MCC                                                      Regulation of career counseling

MCDP                                                    Career coaching process



NCDA Career Counseling Competencies

APA and ACA Codes of Ethics



Suggested Activities


  1. Invite a member of the state licensure board for counselors and psychologists to speak to the class about the ethical issues that confront these licensing boards.



Class Discussion Questions


  1. Why are codes of ethics needed? Who benefits?


  1. Advocacy has been included in the 2005 code of ethics? Is this needed? Why? Give several examples of times when career counselors in various settings might need to become advocates?


  1. How could a career counselor do harm to his/her clients?


4        What aspects of career counseling practice might, if not properly done, result in a liability suit?



Examination Questions for Chapter 2




  1. The Master Career Development Professional was developed by the National Career Development Association as a special membership category for people who have many of the same types of skills and a similar educational credentials as the Master Career Counselor, but are not as actively involved in career counseling


  1. The Global Career Development Facilitator is a special category of Master Career Counselors


  1. Professional organizations tend to issue ethical guidelines to cover new areas of practice not included in their current code of ethics


  1. Because of the of relatively low level of concerns dealt with by Career Development Facilitators the issue of doing harm to their clients is essentially a non-issue


  1. The newest code of ethics of the American Counseling Association makes no mention of the need for client advocacy.


  1. The competencies needed by Master Career Counselors is essentially the same as those required for the Career Development Facilitator, but MCCs must study these areas in depth.



Multiple Choice


  1. Which of the following is not a prerequisite to becoming a Master Career Counselor?
  2. A masters degree in career counseling or closely related field
  3. Three years of experience in career counselor
  4. NCDA membership
  5. Certification as a National Certified Counselor


  1. The Career Development Facilitator credential was developed as
  2. A means of recognizing people who qualify to be a Master Career Counselor but are working in administration
  3. Have completed a post-masters course of study
  4. Have 5 years of supervised on-the-job experience
  5. Have completed a prescribed course of study to become a paraprofessional


  1. Online career counseling may not allow which of the following?
  2. The use of personality inventories
  3. The use of sophisticated occupational information
  4. In depth exploration of the career related problem
  5. None of the above


  1. With regard to the ethical issues involved in Internet-based career counseling, it is probably most accurate to say
  2. The ethical issues are about the same as those in typical career counseling.
  3. The ethical concerns are less because the privacy of the client can be protected more easily
  4. The ethical issues involving Internet based career counseling are greater due to communication problems that may arise
  5. We have too little information to draw conclusions about potential ethical issues involving Internet career counseling.


  1. The statement that best describes the extent to which clients who seek career counseling are protected from unethical practice is
  2. They are well protected because all 50 states have licensing laws for psychologists and counselors who provide career counseling
  3. Clients who see psychologists in public institutions such as colleges are probably better protected than those who see counselees because of differences in the licensing laws for the two groups
  4. They are well protected because of codes of ethics and licensing laws
  5. None of the above reflect the current situation


  1. The code of ethics most likely to be followed by career practitioners in private practice was developed by
  2. ACA and APA
  3. NCDA
  4. ASCA
  5. NBCC


  1. Sub-sections of state level licensing laws for counselors and psychologist
  2. Identify career counselors as a specialty but do not regulate them
  3. Identify career counseling within the broad context of practice
  4. Regulate career counseling as a specialty
  5. Generally fail to regulate career counseling per s


  1. Career counseling via the Internet is a relatively new idea. As a result
  2. Few guidelines for practicing web-counseling are available.
  3. Practice guidelines are available but ethical guidelines are not available
  4. Practice guidelines have emerged from research in this area
  5. None of the above


  1. The situation that best describes the status of licensing laws for counselors is that ________ states have enacted these laws.
  2. 30
  3. 40
  4. 49
  5. 50


  1. The author identifies conflicts in cultural values as potentially doing harm to the client. Assuming that the counselor is a white person with traditional Eurocentric values, what conflicts might they encounter with a Hispanic client?
  2. Meeting on time
  3. Importance of self-direction
  4. Disclosure of pertinent material
  5. a & b above


  1. Which of the following should not appear in advertisements offering career counseling services.
  2. Licenses and certifications
  3. Degrees unrelated to the practice of career counseling
  4. Years of experience
  5. Consultations with business and industry.


  1. The ultimate aim of advocacy as it pertains to career counseling is
  2. Problem solving
  3. Making a statement about social justice
  4. Representing the client
  5. Empowering the client


  1. FERPA is a federal law that sets forth rules and regulations regarding
  2. Group test scores
  3. Verbal communication
  4. The maintenance of records
  5. All of the above


  1. If you were asked to offer advice to a counselor who wished to avoid a successful liability suite it should be
  2. Stay within the limits of your skills
  3. Follow your code of ethics
  4. Be aware of the laws that regulate your practice
  5. All of the above


  1. In the simplest terms possible privileged communication laws are
  2. Guarantees to our clients that their information will be protected from disclosure
  3. Guarantees to career counselors that they cannot be forced to disclose confidential information
  4. protection for counselors so longs as they follow the law.
  5. The same a ethical guidelines about confidentiality


  1. In todays litigious society ethical and legal principles are most likely to conflict on the matter of
  2. Sexual misconduct
  3. Confidentiality
  4. The general area of relationships to clients
  5. The duty to warn parents and authorities of potential harm to others.


Answer Key for Chapter 2



  1. T
  2. F
  3. T
  4. F
  5. F
  6. F


Multiple Choice

  1. D
  2. D
  3. D
  4. C
  5. B
  6. A
  7. D
  8. D
  9. D
  10. D
  11. B
  12. D
  13. C
  14. A
  15. A
  16. C



Short Answer Essay Questions


  1. Outline the major ethical principles that should govern the work of career develop practitioners.


  1. Tell why career coaches as described in Chapter 4 are often viewed as unprofessional by career counselors.


  1. Identify and describe the different types of licensing laws


  1. Identify times when career counselors might no follow their codes of ethics.


  1. What are the conditions under which a successful liability suit might be lodges against a career counselor?



Long Answer Essay Questions


  1. Identify the similarities and differences between the MCC and the MCDP


  1. Identify the major competencies needed by MCCs.



Suggested Additional Assignments


American Counseling Association (2005) American Counseling Association code of ethics and standards of practice. Alexandria, VA: Author


Visit the NCDA website ( and study the requirements for the MCC and MCCDP


Examination Questions for Chapter 20





  1. The focus of the public discussion about immigration often focuses on people who enter the country illegally and ignores the 700, 000 to 900,000 people who come into this country legally.


  1. Although there is no accurate count of the number of people who are in this country illegally, it estimated that the number exceeds 10 million.



  1. The fact that much of the petroleum used in this country is imported is a drain on the economy and job development.


  1. The wage differential between the U. S. and other countries is often cited as the basis for jobs being offshored

and thus lost to U. S. workers. However, wages in Japan and South Korea are essentially the same as those in the U.S. which point to the fact that other factors account for offshoring in many cases.


  1. Lowe wages in the U. S. is the primary reason auto manufacturers from around the world have built assembly plants in this country.


  1. Human calamities, natural disasters, fashion changes, and seasonal variations are all causes of short-term trends in the workforce.


  1. Automating an industry usually results in unemployment of workers with lower levels of skill.


  1. Transportation and utilities are examples of service producing industries.


  1. When considering the growth of an occupation percent increase is the most important concern.


  1. In the next 10 years the ethnic group with the largest increase in numbers of workers in the labor force is projected to be Hispanic.


  1. Overall the proportion of the labor force employed in manufacturing is expected to decrease in the next 10 years


  1. The driving force in the global economy, at least so far as U. S companies are concerned, appears to be a search for cheaper labor.


Multiple Choice


  1. The educational level required for most of the fastest growing occupations according to the BLS is
  2. Less than high school
  3. High school graduation
  4. Associates degree
  5. 4-year college degree


  1. The age group in the work force that is expected to change most in terms of percentages in the next 10 years is:
  2. 24-34 age group.
  3. 35-44 age group.
  4. 45-54 age group
  5. 55 and over age group


  1. The largest increase in numbers in work force participation is expected to be made by:
  2. African Americans
  3. Hispanics
  4. Asians and other
  5. Other ethnic groups.


  1. The U. S. debt is expected to reach 20trillion dollars in 10 years. The implication of that amount of debt on job creation is likely to be
  2. No appreciable impact
  3. Stimulation of job creation because the money borrowed is place into the general economy and becomes a stimulant to job creation,
  4. A slowing of job creation because of the need for the federal government to use tax money to service (pay the interest and pay back the money) the debt.
  5. Unknown


  1. Job growth is occurring most rapidly in which of the following occupations
  2. Home health aides
  3. Retail sales
  4. Administrative support.
  5. Nursing (RN and LPN)


  1. In 2020 white people of non-Hispanic origin are expected to make up what proportion of the labor force?
  2. 92
  3. 82.
  4. 72
  5. 62


  1. Although it is a bit of a guess, the estimate of the number of workers in this country who entered the country illegally appears to be
  2. 4 million
  3. 7 million
  4. 9 million
  5. 11 million


  1. Job growth as measured by numbers is occurring most rapidly in which the following groups
  2. Teachers
  3. Retail sales
  4. Cashiers
  5. Wait staff


  1. The decline in the number of specific jobs is often an indicator of the overall decline of the industry in which the jobs are located. If this is true which of the following group(s) seemed most likely to decline between now and 2010?
  2. Clerical workers
  3. Textile workers

c         Machine operators manufacturing and related

  1. All of the above


  1. A high national debt has
  2. Little impact on the overall availability of jobs in the long term
  3. Little impact of the overall availability of jobs in the short term
  4. An impact on the availability of jobs both in the short and long term
  5. The relationship between national debt and job availability has not been determined


11      When the value of the dollar is relatively low versus other countries currency the expected impact is

  1. Decreased exports
  2. Increased exports
  3. Increased numbers of jobs in this country
  4. b & c above


  1. The unemployment rate is currently at approximately 7 percent as contrasted to 10 percent a few years earlier. What can we conclude based on these numbers?
  2. The number of people working has increased
  3. The number of people looking for work has decreased
  4. There is a decrease in the mismatch between the skill sets of workers and those required by employers.
  5. None of the above


Answer Key for Chapter 20



  1. T
  2. T
  3. F
  4. F
  5. F
  6. T
  7. T
  8. F
  9. F
  10. T
  11. T
  12. F


Multiple Choice

  1. A
  2. D
  3. B
  4. C
  5. D
  6. B
  7. D
  8. B
  9. D
  10. C
  11. C
  12. D


Short Essay Questions


  1. Briefly identify three causes of long-term occupational trends.


  1. Briefly identify three causes of short-term occupational trends.


  1. Explain the impact of currency on jobs in the labor force


  1. Explain the impact of national debt on job creation


  1. Where can one obtain accurate information on occupational change at local or national levels?



Long Essay Questions


  1. Identify three different types of causes of long term occupational trends and explain the factors that may result in each type you identify.


  1. Explain the major causes of short-term occupational trends.



Suggested Additional Readings


  1. Identify tables and other documents such as press releases that identify job and labor trends that project labor market trends for the future.. Start with the Department of Labor home page or BLS and see how many of these documents you can locate. The website address for the USDOL is






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