Clinical Psychology 8th Edition By Trull Test Bank

<< Test Bank for Prealgebra with P.O.W.E.R. Learning 1st Edition by Messersmith Test Bank For Local Anesthesia for Dental Professionals, 2nd Edition Bassett, DiMarco & Naughton, >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Clinical Psychology 8th Edition By Trull Test Bank

Description

WITH ANSWERS
Clinical Psychology 8th Edition By Trull Test Bank

Chapter 5

Diagnosis and Classification of Psychological Problems

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. ALL BUT WHICH of the following statements is true regarding the definition of abnormal behavior?
a. Mental health professionals once debated the definition of abnormal behavior, but the debate has ended.
b. There is no single descriptive feature shared by all forms of abnormal behavior.
c. There is no discrete boundary between normal and abnormal behavior.
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Cutoff points are an advantage of the definition of abnormal behavior based upon
a. statistical infrequency or the violation of social norms.
b. subjective distress.
c. disability, dysfunction, or impairment.
d. more than one of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. When a clinical psychologist uses a cutoff score on a test to determine abnormality, how is the cutoff score typically determined?
a. The clinical psychologist sets the cutoff score based on his/her experience with previous clients.
b. The authors of the test manual set the cutoff score, often using statistical deviance from the mean score as the primary criterion.
c. The clinical psychologist sets the cutoff score based upon his/her expertise in the field.
d. The cutoff score is determined by setting a range of +/- 1 standard deviation around the clients performance on a previous administration of the same test.

 

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

  1. Which of the following terms refers to the idea that, in evaluating a behavior, one must consider the cultural context in which that behavior occurred?
a. cultural relativity
b. cultural analysis
c. contextual analysis
d. contextual deconstruction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. A psychopathologist is
a. an individual currently diagnosed with a mental disorder.
b. a scientist who studies the development and causes of mental disorders.
c. an individual currently diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.
d. a clinical psychologist who endorses the violation of social norms definition of abnormality above all others.

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following examples is most clearly abnormal according to the subjective distress definition of abnormality?
a. a mean, callous supervisor who remains unaware that his/her employees hate him/her
b. a librarian whose religious hallucinations interfere with her ability to work
c. a child whose IQ is below the cutoff point for mental retardation
d. a high-functioning accountant who feels depressed about several aspects of his/her life

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. ALL BUT WHICH of the following is a disadvantage of using the subjective distress definition of abnormal behavior?
a. It doesnt recognize the validity of the individuals own experience.
b. Not everyone who appears disordered to others reports distress.
c. Its unclear how much distress is enough to be considered abnormal.
d. Its unclear how long distress must persist in order to be considered abnormal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following examples is most clearly abnormal according to the disability/dysfunction/impairment definition of abnormality?
a. a mean, callous supervisor who remains unaware that his/her employees hate him/her
b. a librarian whose religious hallucinations interfere with her ability to work
c. a child whose IQ is below the cutoff point for mental retardation
d. a high-functioning accountant who feels depressed about several aspects of his/her life

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is a valid question regarding the disability/dysfunction/impairment definition of abnormal behavior?
a. What should the standards for dysfunction be?
b. Who establishes the standards for dysfunction?
c. Both of the above are valid questions.
d. Neither of the above is a valid question.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Recently, Elizabeth has felt anxious much of the time, and her anxiety has caused her to perform some compulsive rituals that are highly unusual. Her job and her friends, however, have not been affected. Elizabeth is abnormal according to the definition based on
a. violation of social norms and disability/dysfunction/impairment.
b. subjective distress.
c. disability/dysfunction/impairment.
d. violation of social norms and subjective distress.

 

 

 

 

  1. The only definition of abnormal behavior that does not involve subjectivity is
a. conformity to norms.
b. subjective distress.
c. disability or dysfunction.
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding the relationship between abnormal behavior and mental illness?
a. An individual who exhibits abnormal behavior may not have a mental illness.
b. An individual who exhibits abnormal behavior that persists for at least 6 months has a mental illness.
c. Most of the mental illnesses listed in DSM-IV-TR are defined by isolated abnormal behaviors.
d. all of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not accurate regarding the DSM-IV-TR definition of mental disorder?
a. The syndrome must be associated with distress, disability, or increased risk of problems.
b. A mental disorder is considered to represent a dysfunction within an individual.
c. Not all deviant behaviors or conflicts with society are signs of a mental disorder.
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Portia is a 33-year-old married woman working as an accountant at a large firm.  Eight months ago, her father, with whom she was close, died unexpectedly, and a month ago, her firm announced that they would be laying off 40% of its accountancy staff within the next three months.  At present, Portia is experiencing moderate depressive and anxious symptoms, and these symptoms appear to be taking a toll on both the quality of her work and the quality of her relationship with her husband.  In the present case, which factor would be considered an etiological factor for her depression and anxiety?
a. the downturn in the quality of her marital relationship.
b. the downturn in her work quality.
c. her fathers death.
d. more than one of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. DSM-I was published in the
a. 1930s.
b. 1940s.
c. 1950s.
d. 1960s.

 

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

  1. All editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) have been published by
a. the American Psychological Association.
b. the American Psychiatric Association.
c. the American Psychological Society.
d. the World Health Organization.

 

 

 

 

  1. What is the DC 0-3R?
a. a diagnostic classification system developed for children between birth and age 3
b. a shorthand diagnostic classification system developed for use by mental health paraprofessionals
c. a simplified diagnostic classification system developed for use by primary care physicians and other health care providers outside the mental health field
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. The DSM manuals are based in large part upon the 19th century work of __________ in the area of psychiatric classification.
a. Dix
b. Binet
c. Kraepelin
d. Breuer

 

 

 

 

  1. The most revolutionary changes in DSM, including the first application of explicit diagnostic criteria for the mental disorders and a multi-axial system, appeared in
a. DSM-II.
b. DSM-III.
c. DSM-III-R.
d. DSM-IV-TR.

 

 

 

 

  1. Which edition of the DSM was the first to assume a theory-neutral approach to psychiatric classification and diagnosis?
a. DSM-II.
b. DSM-III.
c. DSM-III-R.
d. All editions of the DSM have used a theory neutral approach.

 

 

 

  1. Changes incorporated in DSM-IV and maintained in DSM-IV-TR were based on __________ to a greater extent than changes incorporated in any previous edition.
a. standard psychiatric practice
b. empirical data
c. cognitive-behavioral theory
d. consensus of expert opinion

 

 

 

 

  1. In DSM-IV-TR, clients are diagnosed along __________ axes.
a. three
b. four
c. five
d. six

 

 

 

 

  1. In DSM-IV-TR, Axis I is used to
a. indicate the presence of personality disorders or mental retardation.
b. indicate the presence of clinical disorders other than personality disorders and mental retardation.
c. list relevant medical conditions.
d. quantitatively estimate an individuals overall level of functioning.

 

 

 

 

  1. In DSM-IV-TR, Axis V is used to
a. indicate the presence of personality disorders or mental retardation.
b. indicate the presence of clinical disorders other than personality disorders and mental retardation.
c. list relevant medical conditions.
d. quantitatively estimate an individuals overall level of functioning.

 

 

 

 

  1. In DSM-IV-TR, major depression is diagnosed on Axis
a. I.
b. II.
c. III.
d. V.

 

 

 

 

  1. In DSM-IV-TR, paranoid personality disorder is diagnosed on Axis
a. I.
b. II.
c. III.
d. IV.

 

 

 

 

  1. Nathan has a rather aggressive case of multiple sclerosis, one that is beginning to affect his mobility and threaten his independent functioning.  If Nathan presented for treatment at a mental health facility, on what diagnostic axis would his MS be noted?
a. III
b. IV
c. V
d. As a strictly medical diagnosis, it wouldnt be noted at all.

 

 

 

 

  1. In DSM-IV-TR, cocaine dependence is diagnosed on Axis
a. I.
b. II.
c. III.
d. IV.

 

 

 

 

  1. Problems with ones occupation and housing would appear on Axis ___ of DSM-IV-TR.
a. II
b. III
c. IV
d. V

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following would be an appropriate entry on Axis IV of the DSM-IV-TR?
a. marital difficulty, financial strain
b. 55
c. avoidant personality disorder
d. social anxiety disorder

 

 

 

 

  1. Nick is a patient in a psychiatric hospital who exhibits very poor personal hygiene.  Recently, he has been physically attacking other residents, and he has attempted suicide. According to the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic system, his Global Assessment of Functioning would probably approximate
a. 90.
b. 70.
c. 40.
d. 10.

 

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Jennifer is a college student seeing a psychologist in the university counseling center for test anxiety. The only other symptoms she reports are occasional verbal arguments with her boyfriend of 2 years. In the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic system, Jennifers GAF would appear on Axis __________ as approximately __________.
a. I; 50
b. V; 85
c. IV; 95
d. V; 10

 

 

 

 

  1. DSM-IV-TR adopts a __________ approach to classifying psychopathology.
a. six-axis
b. dimensional
c. biological
d. categorical

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. Which of the following is true of the categorical approach to diagnosis?
a. It doesnt accurately reflect the true nature of most diagnostic constructs.
b. It makes it more difficult for people to earn a diagnosis and obtain treatment.
c. It makes it less likely that clinicians will fudge when assigning a diagnosis.
d. It makes it less likely that treatment-seekers will be stigmatized.

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. The dimensional approach to the classification of psychopathology
a. assumes that abnormal behavior is qualitatively different from normal behavior.
b. was adopted by DSM-III-R, DSM-IV, and DSM-IV-TR.
c. is consistent with the idea that abnormal and normal behaviors differ in degree, not in kind.
d. none of the above

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. The fact that DSM-IV-TR diagnoses can be based on a variety of assessment methods increases
a. the reliability of the diagnoses.
b. the number of diagnoses included in the manual.
c. the heterogeneity of any one diagnostic category.
d. all of the above

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

 

  1. Homosexuality
a. has never been a DSM diagnosis.
b. has always been a DSM diagnosis.
c. is not a diagnosis in DSM-IV-TR, but was a diagnosis in early versions of DSM.
d. is considered a diagnosis in DSM-IV-TR, but was not a diagnosis in early versions of DSM.

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. For each Axis I and Axis II diagnosis, DSM-IV-TR includes information on all but which of the following?
a. age of onset
b. treatment of choice
c. prevalence
d. cultural considerations

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. Structured diagnostic interviews
a. increase diagnostic reliability over unstructured interviews.
b. do not yet exist, but are being developed for both Axis I and Axis II disorders.
c. yield equally reliable diagnoses for all DSM-IV-TR disorders.
d. more than one of the above

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding the reliability of diagnostic classification?
a. Reliability provides us with important information about treatment and prognosis.
b. Reliability is very similar across the diagnostic categories of the DSM-IV-TR.
c. Reliability may vary between research- and non-research-oriented assessment contexts.
d. If clinicians use structured diagnostic interviews, the reliability of diagnosis is assured.

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. A psychiatric diagnosis is valid to the extent that it
a. informs us about the etiology of the disorder.
b. helps us predict the course of the disorder/prognosis.
c. helps us choose an appropriate treatment for the disorder.
d. All of the above suggest diagnostic validity.

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. DSM-IV-TR includes approximately __________ possible diagnoses.
a. 50
b. 150
c. 400
d. 800

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

MSC:  WWW

 

  1. Which of the following features has been most heavily criticized regarding DSM-IV-TRs coverage of diagnostic conditions?
a. over-inclusiveness
b. the exclusion of childhood developmental disorders
c. the placement of personality disorders on Axis II
d. the limited number of schizophrenia subtypes

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification                                      DIF:  Conceptual

 

 

  1. Some individuals have suggested that there is gender bias in psychiatric diagnosis.  According to the paper by Widiger and Spitzer described in your textbook, which of the following situations would necessarily demonstrate the existence of such bias?
a. if a disorder were found to be much more prevalent in one sex than in the other
b. if men and women presenting with the same cluster of symptoms were assigned different diagnosis
c. both of the above
d. neither of the above

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

 

  1. According to the DSM-IV-TR, ALL BUT WHICH of the following should be addressed in a cultural formulation of a persons problem?
a. How strong is the persons cultural identity?
b. How does the persons culture explain the problem at hand?
c. How does the persons culture regard the proposed treatment?
d. All of the above should be included in a cultural formulation.

 

 

REF:               General Issues in Classification

 

  1. According to Dr. A., specific phobias are the result of classical conditioning. According to Dr. B., they result from the displacement of intrapsychic conflict onto an external object that can then be avoided. According to Dr. C., they are the product of maladaptive, irrational beliefs about the feared object. Respectively, Drs. A., B., and C. endorse the __________ etiological models of psychopathology.
a. learning, biological, and psychodynamic
b. learning, humanistic, and cognitive
c. biological, psychodynamic, and cognitive
d. none of the above

 

 

REF:               Causes of Abnormal Behavior and Mental Illness

 

  1. Dr. Siegfried believes that abnormal behavior, ranging from mood disorders to eating disorders to sleep disorders, is due to structural, functional, or chemical abnormalities in the central nervous system.  We would say that he adheres to the _________ model of psychopathology.
a. developmental
b. cognitive
c. biological
d. learning

 

 

REF:               Causes of Abnormal Behavior and Mental Illness

 

  1. A good synonym for the term diathesis is __________.
a. stress
b. consequence
c. environment
d. vulnerability

 

 

REF:               Causes of Abnormal Behavior and Mental Illness

 

 

 

  1. According to the diathesis-stress model of psychopathology,
a. a vulnerability or predisposition (such as genetics) is necessary and sufficient to develop psychopathology.
b. a vulnerability or predisposition and some kind of stressor are both required to develop psychopathology.
c. possessing a diathesis for a disorder guarantees its eventual occurrence.
d. all human beings are born with the same likelihood of developing a particular disorder.

 

 

REF:               Causes of Abnormal Behavior and Mental Illness

 

  1. Which of the following is an accurate statement about diatheses and stresses, as conceptualized by the diathesis-stress model of psychopathology?
a. Diatheses are always biological, and stresses are always environmental.
b. Diatheses are always biological, and stresses are always psychological.
c. Diatheses are always biological or psychological, and stresses are always environmental.
d. Diatheses may be biological or psychological, and stresses may be biological, psychological, interpersonal, or environmental.

 

 

REF:               Causes of Abnormal Behavior and Mental Illness

 

 

ESSAY

 

  • Identify three major purposes of psychiatric diagnosis.

 

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of the statistical infrequency or violation of social norms definition of abnormal behavior?

 

 

 

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of the subjective distress definition of abnormal behavior?

 

 

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of the disability or dysfunction or impairment definition of abnormal behavior?

 

 

  • What are the major elements of mental disorder, as defined in the DSM-IV-TR?

 

  • What is the function of each axis of DSM-IV-TR?

 

  1. Compare and contrast the categorical and dimensional approaches to the classification of mental disorders.

 

  1. Describe the history of homosexuality as a mental illness. What does this case suggest about psychiatric diagnoses?

 

  1. Identify at least three ways that culture may impact diagnosis and/or treatment.

 

  1. Describe the diathesis-stress model of psychopathology.

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11

Psychological Interventions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding the overall efficacy of psychotherapy?
a. Empirical evidence does not support the overall efficacy of psychotherapy.
b. Empirical evidence supports the overall efficacy of psychotherapy.
c. The overall efficacy of psychotherapy has not been empirically tested.
d. Although psychotherapy is efficacious for some, it is not efficacious for the majority of clients.

 

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

  1. Dr. Hennepin is conducting a study on a new psychotherapy for depression.  The depressed clients in his study are diverse, ranging greatly both in the presence of comorbid diagnoses and the severity of their depression; the therapists also are diverse, with different types of mental health training (clinical psychology, social work) and different levels of experience.  Dr. Hennepins study has a high degree of external validity.  What term is used for studies of this nature?
a. a psychotherapy efficacy study
b. a psychotherapy effectiveness study
c. an analog treatment study
d. a double-blind placebo trial

 

 

 

 

  1. Dr. Pettigrew is conducting a study on a new psychotherapy for depression through the outpatient psychological services clinic at his university.  The depressed patients in his study are all moderately depressed, and the therapists are clinical psychology interns and post-doctoral fellows who have received extensive training in the new technique.  The clients, who are being paid to take part, are randomly assigned to either the treatment or control group.  Overall, the study has been designed to maximize internal validity.  What term is used for studies of this nature?
a. a psychotherapy efficacy study
b. a psychotherapy effectiveness study
c. a quasi-experimental treatment study
d. an analog treatment study

 

 

 

 

  1. The 1995 Consumer Reports study on the benefits of psychotherapy
a. measured the efficacy rather than the effectiveness of psychotherapy.
b. focused exclusively on treatment for alcohol and drug problems.
c. suggested that psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers were equally effective.
d. all of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The 1995 Consumer Reports study on the benefits of psychotherapy found that
a. psychotherapy resulted in improvement for about one-third of respondents.
b. longer treatment was related to greater improvement.
c. respondents who received psychotherapy plus medication improved more than those who received psychotherapy alone.
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following terms is currently used to describe interventions or techniques that have produced significant change in clients and patients in controlled trials?
a. empirically validated treatment (EVT)
b. empirically supported treatment (EST)
c. evidence-based practice (EBP)
d. evidence-based treatment (EBT)

 

 

 

  1. ALL BUT WHICH of the following are categories used to describe the usefulness of a therapeutic approach for reducing mental health symptoms?
a. well-established
b. certainly efficacious
c. probably efficacious
d. experimental

 

 

 

  1. A few studies have found that Treatment A for anxiety, a manualized treatment, is not only superior to a placebo treatment, but produces outcomes at least as good as an existing well-regarded, widely used treatment for anxiety.  These studies have been conducted by different investigators, and the client samples have been specified clearly.  On the basis of this information, we would describe Treatment A as
a. well-established.
b. probably efficacious.
c. possibly efficacious.
d. empirically verified.

 

 

 

  1. Two separate research groups have conducted studies investigating Treatment B for anxiety, and each has found that the treatment group experienced more improvement than a waitlist control group.  On the basis of this information alone, we would describe Treatment B as
a. experimental.
b. possibly efficacious.
c. probably efficacious.
d. certainly efficacious.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. A 2006 meta-analysis by Weisz, Jensen-Doss, and Hawley (2006) on the effects of psychotherapy administered to youth of various backgrounds, symptom types, and symptom severity, found that
a. evidence-based treatment produced better outcomes both at the end of treatment and also at follow-up.
b. evidence-based treatment produced better outcomes at the end of treatment, but not at follow-up.
c. evidence-based treatment produced outcomes similar to treatment as usual at the end of treatment, but better outcomes at follow-up.
d. evidence-based treatment produced outcomes similar to treatment as usual both at the end of treatment and also at follow-up.

 

 

 

  1. Although their opinions may differ somewhat, most ers believe that common factors __________ therapeutic change.
a. are responsible for the majority of
b. play at least a major role in
c. play only a minor role in
d. play no role in

 

 

 

  1. Lambert and Ogless (2004) conceptualization of common factors in psychotherapy suggests that __________ factors lay the groundwork for any subsequent changes.
a. biological
b. action
c. learning
d. support

 

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

  1. In Lambert and Ogless (2004) conceptualization of common factors in psychotherapy, risk taking and mastery are
a. excluded.
b. considered support factors.
c. considered learning factors.
d. considered action factors.

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT among the common factors of psychotherapy effectiveness?
a. the expert role of the therapist
b. contingency management
c. the therapeutic alliance
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Gabrielle and her therapist are currently working to improve Gabrielles social skills and correct her faulty ways of thinking.  Which common factor of therapy is highlighted here?
a. the therapeutic alliance
b. the achievement of insight
c. the release of emotions
d. the building of competence/mastery

 

 

 

  1. Cal just started psychotherapy two weeks ago, and he has noticed increased hope and positive expectations as a result.  ALL BUT WHICH of the following is an accurate statement about such expectations?
a. They fall under the category of nonspecific therapy factors.
b. They likely increase the effectiveness of specific therapy interventions.
c. They likely account for the bulk of therapeutic effectiveness.
d. They are similar in function to a placebo.

 

 

 

  1. Across the majority of approaches, successful psychotherapy tends to be associated with
a. hope/positive expectations in the client.
b. a strong therapeutic alliance.
c. both of the above
d. neither of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Many clinicians believe that older clients have a __________ prognosis than younger clients, and the research support for this idea is __________.
a. poorer; strong
b. poorer; weak
c. better; strong
d. better; weak

 

 

 

 

  1. Research on client motivation and psychotherapy outcome
a. shows mixed support for the necessity of high levels of client motivation.
b. has had difficulty adequately defining and measuring client motivation.
c. both of the above
d. neither of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. According to the conventional wisdom about various patient variables, which individual is most likely to benefit from psychotherapy?
a. Bobby, who was referred to treatment by the courts after two separate instances of road rage
b. Antonio, whose wife begged him to seek help after hed spent the last two weeks unable to pull himself out of bed
c. Ethan, who is trying to show that he is a fit parent in anticipation of an upcoming custody hearing
d. Kirin, who wants to make sure that her head is on straight before she starts a rigorous graduate program

 

 

 

 

  1. Most therapists view openness to the therapeutic process as
a. a positive indication for outcome.
b. a mild form of psychopathology.
c. a symptom of Dependent Personality Disorder.
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. John is a man receiving psychotherapy; Jane is a woman receiving psychotherapy.  Based on the average psychotherapy outcomes of men and women,
a. we predict that John will experience a better outcome.
b. we predict that Jane will experience a better outcome.
c. we predict that both will experience excellent outcomes.
d. we cannot predict who will experience a better outcome.

 

 

 

 

  1. Two decades of research on therapeutic outcome for members of ethnic minority groups have
a. shown conclusively that members of ethnic minority groups tend to have much poorer outcomes.
b. shown conclusively that members of ethnic minority groups tend to have slightly poorer outcomes.
c. shown conclusively that members of ethnic minority groups tend to have better outcomes.
d. none of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is true according to empirical research?
a. There is a positive relationship between social class of the client and therapy outcome.
b. There is a negative relationship between social class of the client and therapy outcome.
c. There is virtually no relationship between social class of the client and therapy outcome.
d. The relationship between social class of the client and therapy outcome has not yet been empirically studied.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. What is the term for the degree to which one integrates new cultural patterns into ones original cultural patterns?
a. cultural sensitivity
b. acculturation
c. accommodation
d. cultural identification

 

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

  1. Dr. Haislip, a clinical psychologist, has just started seeing a client of a different cultural background than himself.  Which of the following is good advice for Dr. Haislip?
a. He should not assess the persons level of acculturation.
b. He should not view unfamiliar behaviors as pathological.
c. He should collect massive amounts of data early in the treatment.
d. all of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following variables is associated with better psychotherapy outcome?
a. the degree to which the therapist likes or relates to the patient
b. the attractiveness of the patient
c. both of the above
d. neither of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. In comprehensive reviews, Beutler et al. (1994, 2004) concluded that
a. older therapists tend to produce better therapy outcomes than younger therapists.
b. female therapists tend to produce better therapy outcomes than male therapists.
c. both of the above
d. neither of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Dr. Chen, who is Asian American, is about to begin meeting with a young Latino man to administer behavior therapy for anxiety.  Dr. Chen is concerned that their ethnic/racial differences will impede the progress of therapy.  Being acquainted with the research on this issue, what would you tell him?
a. Hes right; when the therapist and client are not matched with regard to ethnic background, it tends to have a negative effect on the therapeutic outcome.
b. Hes wrong; although counterintuitive, when the therapist and client are not matched with regard to ethnic background, it tends to have a positive effect on the therapeutic outcome.
c. Hes wrong; although counterintuitive, when the therapist and client are not matched with regard to ethnic background, it tends to have a positive effect on the therapeutic outcome, but only when the therapist makes an effort to be culturally sensitive.
d. It is uncertain; the research conducted to date on the effect of therapist/client ethnic matching on therapeutic outcome is equivocal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Rogers (1957) stated that empathy, warmth, and genuineness were __________ for therapeutic change.
a. necessary and sufficient
b. neither necessary nor sufficient
c. necessary but not sufficient
d. sufficient but not necessary

 

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

  1. ALL BUT WHICH of the following is consistent with current thinking about the therapist qualities of empathy, warmth, and genuineness identified by Rogers (1957)?
a. They are necessary, but not sufficient, for successful therapy.
b. They are considered untrainable skills.
c. They are believed to reflect the quality of the therapeutic alliance.
d. All of the above are consistent with current thinking on this matter.

 

 

 

 

  1. Dr. Tierney is a clinical psychologist who has undergone personal psychotherapy in the past.  Dr. Kellner, also a clinical psychologist, has never before received psychotherapy.  Which individual is likely to be the more effective therapy provider?
a. Dr. Tierney
b. Dr. Kellner
c. Its hard to say; research on this topic has been mixed.
d. Its impossible to say; virtually no research has been devoted to this topic.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is true?
a. Several studies suggest that paraprofessionals produce therapy outcomes equivalent to, or at times exceeding, those produced by trained psychotherapists.
b. Most of the research evidence on the topic supports the position that the more experience a psychotherapist has, the better therapy outcome he/she will produce.
c. both of the above
d. neither of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is true?
a. In the 1995 Consumer Reports study, people who saw a mental health professional reported higher satisfaction with their treatment than people who saw a family physician.
b. Research evidence has generally found that psychiatrists and clinical psychologists produce better psychotherapy outcomes than social workers.
c. Research evidence has generally found that clinical psychologists produce better psychotherapy outcomes than psychiatrists.
d. all of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. According to the informed consent form featured in the textbook (Handelsman & Galvin, 1988), which of the following questions does a client have the right to ask the therapist?
a. How does your kind of therapy work?
b. What other types of therapy or help are there?
c. How can I reach you in an emergency?
d. all of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. The text talks about therapists and clients entering into a treatment contract after completion of the initial assessment.  What is an accurate statement about such contracts?
a. They usually specify the length and goals of therapy.
b. They usually specify the clients responsibilities while in treatment.
c. They may be modified as needed over time.
d. all of the above

 

 

 

 

  1. Dr. Wicker is winding up treatment with a patient who initially presented for therapy with significant depressive and anxious symptoms.  ALL BUT WHICH of the following interventions would be appropriate at this stage of treatment?
a. Dr. Wicker and her client should discuss and address the clients feelings about termination.
b. Dr. Wicker and her client should evaluate the clients progress within the current treatment.
c. Dr. Wicker and her client should discuss the possibility of the client returning for additional sessions in the future, if necessary.
d. All of the above would be appropriate at this stage of treatment.

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT among the stages in the model proposed by Prochaska and Norcross (2002)?
a. intention
b. preparation
c. action
d. termination

 

 

DIF:  Factual

 

  1. According to Prochaska and Norcrosss (2002) work on  in psychotherapy, clients in the _______ stage have no intention of changing their behavior in the near future, and were probably pressured to enter therapy by others (e.g., the courts, family members, etc.).
a. termination
b. preparation
c. precontemplation
d. maintenance

 

 

MSC:  WWW

 

 

  1. Maya is aware that her intense social anxiety is interfering with her goal of furthering her education, but at this point she is not ready to commit to addressing the issue.  Maya is at what stage of the model proposed by Prochaska and Norcross (2002)?
a. precontemplation
b. contemplation
c. preparation
d. ambivalent

 

 

DIF:  Applied

 

  1. In __________, a report written by __________ had a powerful impact on the psychotherapy establishment by suggesting that psychotherapy with neurotic clients was no more effective than no the

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here