Criminal Investigation 11th Edition by Swanson Test Bank

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Criminal Investigation 11th Edition by Swanson Test Bank



Criminal Investigation 11th Edition by Swanson Test Bank


Sample  Questions




  1. The first modern detective force was
    1. the Bow Street Runners.
    2. established by the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829.


  1. created by Patrick Colquhoun.


  1. headed by attorney Howard Vincent.


  1. When the London Metropolitan Police force was established in 1829, the British public was at first suspicious and at times even hostile towards it because
    1. King Edward II had supported its creation.


  1. Rowan and Mayne had intimate ties to the royal family.


  1. social reformers such as Jeremy Bentham had long argued that it was a danger to personal liberty.
  2. French citizens had experienced oppression under centralized police.


  1. In 1833, _______ an ordinance creating Americas first paid, daylight police force?
    1. Philadelphia
    2. Chicago


  1. New York City


  1. Baltimore


  1. After the Civil War, Pinkertons National Detective Agency engaged in the two broad areas of



  1. Locating war criminals and providing protection to the President of the United States.


  1. Controlling a discontented working class and protection of the President of the United States.


  1. Pursuing bank robbers and arresting train robbers.
  2. Controlling a discontented working class and pursuing bank and railroad robbers.


  1. Which state and city was the first to create a unified police force in this country?
    1. New Orleans, LA.
    2. New York, NY.


  1. Baltimore, MD.


  1. Philadelphia, PA


  1. Which of the following is not one of the reasons cited in the textbook for having reliable detectives in American the 1800s?
    1. Graft and corruption were common among Americas big city police officers.


  1. Police jurisdictions were limited.


  1. There was little information sharing among police departments.
  2. All of the above are reasons cited in the textbook.


  1. A rogues gallery is
    1. only practical in cities of 100,000 population or more.
    2. photographs of known criminals arranged by criminal specialty and height.


  1. a line-up of known offenders for viewing by detectives so they can recognize the criminals later on the street.


D only practical in cities of 100,000 population or more and are photographs of known criminals arranged . by criminal specialty and physical height.


  1. What was the original mission of the Secret Service when created by Congress in 1865?
    1. Combat counterfeiting.


  1. Provide protection for Presidents.
  2. Prevent drug importation into this country.


  1. All of the preceding was addressed in the Secret Services original Charter.


  1. What municipal agency was the first to establish a Criminal Identification Bureau?
    1. Chicago, Ill.
    2. Atlanta, GA.


  1. Philadelphia, PA.


  1. New Orleans, LA.


  1. Which agency was the prototype for modern state police organizations?
    1. New York State Police.


  1. Georgia State Police.


  1. Pennsylvania State Police.


  1. Pinkerton International Detective Agency.


  1. The Harrison Act of 1914 mad the distribution of nonmedical drugs a crime. The agency currently charged with enforcing its provisions is ________________.
    1. Federal Bureau of Investigations


  1. Narcotics Bureau


  1. Drug Enforcement Agency


  1. Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs


  1. During 1961-1966, the U.S. Supreme Court became unusually active in hearing cases involving the rights of criminal suspects and defendants. This is referred to as the ____________
    1. radical court era.
    2. conservative court era.


  1. due process revolution.


  1. ex-post facto period.


  1. The first major book describing the application of scientific disciplines to criminal investigation was written in 1893 by Hans Gross. Translated into English in 1906, it remains highly respected today as a seminal work in the field. What is the books title?


  1. Criminal Investigation.


  1. The Scientific Method of Criminal Inquiry.
  2. Science and Criminal Conduct.


  1. Forensic Science and Crime.


  1. What early method of criminal identification is based on the fact that every human being differs from every other one in the exact measurements of their body, and that the sum of these measurements yields a characteristic formula for each individual?




  1. Meso-morphism.


  1. The father of criminal identification is:
    1. Hans Gross.
    2. Alfonse Bertillon.


  1. Edward Henry.


  1. William Herschel.


  1. The first country to use fingerprints as a system of criminal identification was:





  1. Which 1903 case was the most important incident to advance the use of fingerprints in America?
    1. Lindberg kidnapping.


  1. James Jones.



  1. In 1985, research by ______________ and his colleagues at Leicester University, England led to the discovery that portions of the DNA structure of certain genes are as unique to individuals, as are fingerprints.


  1. Watson


  1. Ashworth


  1. Crick


  1. Jeffreys


  1. What is the significance of the Enderby Cases that are referred to in the textbook?
    1. It proved without a doubt that DNA results were unreliable in court.


  1. The first use of DNA to exonerate a person convicted of the rape of two persons.
  2. The first use of DNA typing in a criminal trial.


  1. Both B and C.


  1. The Palo Verde case is significant because it _______________
    1. excluded evidence due to improper police training.


  1. was the first use of plant DNA in a criminal case.


  1. established the scientific basis for dactylography.


  1. confirmed Gravelles Principal.


  1. _______________________ is considered most responsible for raising firearms identification to a science and for perfecting the bullet comparison microscope?
    1. Paul Jeserich.


  1. Henri Lacassagne.
  2. Henry Balthazard.


  1. Calvin Goddard.


  1. Who made the first successful attempt to identify a murderer from the bullet recovered from the body of a victim?
    1. Paul Jeserich.


  1. Henri Lacassagne.


  1. Henry Balthazard.


  1. Henry Goddard.


  1. The impact of Supreme Court decisions in criminal investigation cases and the adaptation to them by the police has
    1. slowed police professionalization.
    2. hastened police professionalization.


  1. had no effect on the police.


  1. handcuffed the police.


  1. Which of the following is not one of the three major scientific systems for personal identification of criminals in wide use?



  1. Deoxyribonucleic acid.


  1. In 1892, who published the first definitive book on dactylography, Finger Prints?
    1. Sir Francis Galton.
    2. Henri Lacassagne.


  1. Henry Balthazard.


  1. Calvin Goddard.


  1. Criminalistics draws from diverse disciplines, such as geology, physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics, to study physical evidence related to crime.

True   False


  1. The Metropolitan Police act was enacted in 1829, the first time it was introduced in Englands Parliament.

True   False


  1. Pinkertons National Detective Agencys trademark was an open eye above the slogan We are ever Vigilant.

True   False


  1. After Prohibition was adopted nationally in 1920, the Bureau of Internal Revenue was responsible for its enforcement.

True   False


  1. When Prohibition was repealed by the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1933, many former bootleggers turned to bank robbery and kidnapping. It then became the FBIs role to deal with the criminals.


True   False


  1. The Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs was an offshoot organization from the Drug Enforcement Administration that was formed to handle national terroristic drug use.

True   False


  1. Bertillon produced the portrait parle or speaking picture, which combines full-face and profile photographs of each criminal with his or her exact body measurements and other descriptive data onto a single card.


True   False


  1. Without exception, every person has distinctive DNA. In every cell of the same human that contains DNA, this blueprint is identical, whether the material is blood, tissue, spermatozoa, bone marrow, tooth pulp, or a hair root cell.


True   False


  1. The Orlando Cases set the stage for the first use of DNA typing in the United States. True False


  1. In 1913, Professor Balthazard published an article on firearms identification in which he noted that the firing pin, extractor, and ejector all leave marks on cartridges, and that they vary among weapons. True False


  1. ________ efforts led to the establishment of the London Metropolitan Police in 1829. English police officers are still affectionately referred to as bobbies, a play on his first name.



  1. Stephen Girard bequeathed $33,190 to ________ to develop a competent police force.



  1. The major private detective agency of the 19th century was formed by _______.



  1. To supplement the rogues gallery, Thomas Byrnes instituted the ________ where at 9 oclock every morning; all criminals arrested in the past 24 hours were marched before his detectives who were expected to make notes and to recognize the criminals later.




  1. In 1967, the ________ was made operational by the FBI, providing data on wanted persons and property stolen from all 50 states.



  1. The ________ revolution and subsequent Supreme Court decisions changed questionable and improper police procedures and tactics.



  1. All crime scenes are searched on the basis of Edmond Locards _______, which asserts that when perpetrators come into contact with the scene, they will leave something of themselves and take away something from the scene.




  1. The first foreigner trained in the use of the Henry classification system was New York City Detective

________ in 1904.




  1. The ________ Cases involved blood samples from about 5,500 men living in the area for DNA typing in an attempt to identify a rape suspect.



  1. ________ helped produce the first workable polygraph in 1921 and established Americas first full forensic laboratory in Los Angeles in 1923.



  1. Who were the Bow Street Runners and of what historical importance are they?











  1. Why did the British public object to the use of detectives following the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829?












  1. Why did the office of detective in this country initially evolve in the private sector?











  1. What parallels can be drawn between Allan Pinkerton and J. Edgar Hoover?


  1. What did the due process revolution and subsequent Supreme Court decisions change with respect to the police?











  1. What are the milestones in the development of dactylography?











  1. Why does the Henry classification enjoy greater use than Vucetichs system?











  1. What are seven different human sources of DNA material identified in this chapter?











  1. Of what significance is the palo verde seedpod case in Phoenix, Arizona?











  1. What are the milestones in the development of firearms identification?


Student: ___________________________________________________________________________


  1. Procedural law deals with all of the following except
    1. process of arrest.
    2. admissibility of evidence.


  1. search and seizure.


  1. elements of a crime.


  1. The due process clause is found in which Amendment of the Bill of Rights?
    1. First Amendment.


  1. Fourth Amendment.


  1. Fifth Amendment.


  1. Tenth Amendment.


  1. Which of the following protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures?
    1. First Amendment.


  1. Fifth Amendment.
  2. Eighth Amendment.


  1. Fourth Amendment.


  1. The ingredients of arrest include all of the following except





  1. A temporary and limited interference with the freedom of a person for investigative purposes is the definition of a/an




  1. A judicial order commanding a person to whom it is issued or some other person to bring a person promptly before a court to answer a criminal charge is a/an
    1. arrest warrant.



  1. court order.


  1. any of the above.


  1. A written statement of the information known to the officer that serves as the basis for the issuance of a warrant is a/an
    1. arrest warrant.


  1. court order.


  1. any of the preceding.


  1. Which of the following is not usually required to be in the contents of a valid arrest warrant?
    1. the authority under which the warrant is issued


  1. the identity of the person to be arrested


  1. the designation of the offense


  1. the authority to search the person arrested


  1. A John Doe warrant is valid
    1. if a crime has been committed.
    2. if there is a particular description of the perpetrator but the persons name is not known.


  1. in all cases.


  1. only at the federal level.


  1. Suspicion plus facts and circumstances which would lead a reasonable person, exercising ordinary caution, under the same circumstances to believe that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed is a definition of


  1. in-presence arrest.


  1. probable cause.
  2. investigative detention.


  1. the requirements of an arrest warrant.


  1. Which of the following can be used to establish probable cause?
    1. personal observations and knowledge of the investigator.



  1. crime rates.


  1. occupation of the suspect.


  1. Until 1914, federal law enforcement officers, conducting an illegal search that produced incriminating evidence, were allowed to use that evidence in court. What happened that changed the use of illegal evidence by federal officers?


  1. The president of the United States signed an order prohibiting its use.


  1. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, signed an executive order prohibiting the use of illegally obtained evidence.
  2. Mapp v. Ohio forbids the use of illegally evidence by federal officers.


  1. Weeks v. United States forbids the use of illegally obtained evidence by federal officers.


  1. Circumventing the intent of Weeks v. U.S., whereby federal officers received illegally obtained evidence from state officers and used it in federal court was referred to as
    1. fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine.


  1. unreasonable search doctrine.
  2. silver platter doctrine.


  1. None of the preceding.


  1. Which of the following cases established the rule that any evidence unreasonably searched and seized could no longer be admissible in any court?
    1. Weeks v. Ohio.


  1. Roe v. Wade.


  1. Mapp v. Ohio.


  1. Gideon v. Wainwright.


  1. Which of the following is not an exception to the legal requirement of having a warrant to conduct a search and seizure?
    1. with consent.
    2. incident to an unlawful arrest.


  1. when exigent circumstances exist.


  1. to conduct an inventory.


  1. What burden of proof is required to obtain a search warrant?
    1. Reasonable suspicion.


  1. Probable cause.


  1. Preponderance of the evidence.


  1. Proof beyond a reasonable doubt.


  1. Which Supreme Court case held that officers executing a search warrant of a house acted reasonably by detaining the occupants of the house in handcuffs during the search?
    1. Hudson v. Michigan.


  1. Mapp v. Ohio.


  1. Terry v. Ohio.


  1. Muehler v. Mena.


  1. Incriminating evidence is found during a consent search. What is the primary factor of the search that the court will look at in deciding whether evidence may be admitted?
    1. Was a consent to search form completed by the suspect and witnessed?


  1. Was the consent to search voluntarily given?
  2. Was the suspect able to observe the search when the evidence was found?


  1. Was the suspect under the influence of alcohol or drugs?


  1. Which Supreme Court Case established the moveable vehicle rule?
    1. Carroll v. United States.


  1. Chambers v. Maroney.


  1. Maryland v. Dyson.


  1. Chimel v. California.


  1. What term is used to recognize that a warrantless entry by law enforcement officials may be legal when there is a compelling need for official action and no time to get a warrant?
    1. Emerging situational need.


  1. Emergency situational requirement.
  2. Exigent circumstances.


  1. Emergency exigent circumstances.


  1. Which of the following is not a requirement for a plain view search to be legal?
    1. Officer is where he has a legal right to be.
    2. Evidence is in plain view.


  1. Evidence is inadvertently discovered.
  2. Evidence is found after a limited search.


  1. The landmark Supreme Court ruling that allows stop and frisk procedures is
    1. Miranda v. Arizona.
    2. Terry v. Ohio.


  1. Mapp v. Ohio.


  1. Escobedo v. Day.


  1. According to the courts, any new evidence seized resulting from unreasonably seized evidence is also tainted and is not admissible in court. This is based on the
    1. bad evidence doctrine.


  1. fruits of the poisonous tree doctrine.


  1. illegal seizure doctrine.
  2. unreasonable search doctrine.


  1. In Minnesota v. Dickerson, why was the defendant not convicted?
    • Officer felt a substance in suspects pocket, subsequently determined to be cocaine, during a pat down

.  and manipulated it to determine what it was.


  1. Defendant pled guilty before trial.


  1. Judge declared a mistrial.


  1. The charges were dropped by the prosecutor before trial.


  1. Evidence obtained from an unreasonable search and seizure cannot be used as the basis for learning about or collecting new admissible evidence not known about before is the
    1. bad evidence doctrine.


  1. fruits of the poisonous tree doctrine.
  2. illegal seizure doctrine.


  1. unreasonable search doctrine.


  1. Procedural law deals with processes of arrest, search and seizure, interrogations, confessions, admissibility of evidence and testifying in court and therefore changes less frequently than does substantive law.


True   False


  1. Final ratification of the Constitution of the United States was delayed because some states wanted guarantees that individual liberties would be safeguarded from potential oppression by the newly formed government. These guarantees came in the form of the first ten Amendments to the Constitution known as the Bill of Rights.


True   False


  1. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments were all designed to guarantee the freedoms and equal protection of the laws for all citizens, especially the former slaves.

True   False


  1. The Hurtado v. California case attempted the process of the shorthand doctrine but instead, ratified the fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine.

True   False


  1. Formally charging a suspect with a crime does not automatically flow from an arrest. True False


  1. The most preferred method of affecting an arrest is under the authority of a warrant. True False


  1. The two major benefits derived from securing prior judicial approval for arrests are that the approval relieves the law enforcement officer of the burden of proving the legality of the arrest, and it provides for automatic approval of evidence to be used during the trial for the crime the person was arrested for.


True   False


  1. An offense committed in the presence of an officer can be the basis of an arrest without a warrant. In the presence of includes the use of any or all of the five senses sight, hearing, taste, touch, or smell.

True   False


  1. The law allows an officer to make warrantless arrests in felony cases provided reasonable grounds or probable cause exists to make the arrest.

True   False


  1. A search warrant is a written order, in the name of the judge, signed by a district attorney, exercising proper authority, and directing a law enforcement officer to search for specific property and bring it before the court.


True   False


  1. The ________ must particularly describe the place to be searched. The description must be sufficient to distinguish the location from all others.



  1. If the affidavit and search warrant are for the search and seizure of _______, the search can be pretty extensive. It is permissible to search closets, under beds, in dresser drawers, in medicine cabinets, and in kitchen cupboards.




  1. In _______, the Supreme Court ruled that violation of the knock and announce requirement for the service of a search warrant will no longer result in the suppression of evidence found during the execution of the search warrant.




  1. In 1969, the United States Supreme Court limited the scope of a search when it ruled in ________ that a warrantless search of the defendants entire house, following his lawful arrest in the house on a burglary charge was unreasonable.




  1. The Supreme Court ruled in the 1981 case of ________ that when a police officer makes a lawful custodial arrest of the occupant of an automobile, the officer may search the vehicles passenger compartment including any open or closed containers found in the vehicle compartment. It does not include the trunk.




  1. The Supreme Court held that law enforcement officers may enter a home without a warrant where there is an objectively reasonable basis to believe that an occupant is seriously injured or imminently threatened with serious injury. The case law is _______.




  1. An ________ search is done for the purpose of protecting the property of the person arrested and documenting what was found with a receipt given to the person arrested. In this manner, law enforcement can prevent accusations of stealing an offenders money or property.




  1. Terry v. Ohio allows for the ________ of the outer clothing of a suspect for a weapon if the officer is concerned about his own safety.



  1. The ________ doctrine provides that evidence obtained from an unreasonable search and seizure cannot be used as the basis for learning about or collecting new admissible evidence not known about before.



  1. The Supreme Court in 2004 upheld a conviction under a Nevada statute that requires a person to identify himself when so requested during a ________ stop. Twenty states have this identification requirement.




  1. Explain how the laws of arrest and search and seizure flow from the Bill of Rights.











  1. Distinguish between the impacts of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments on defendants in criminal cases.


  1. What is the Exclusionary Rule and how did it evolve?











  1. What are the benefits to a police officer and the case if an arrest is made under the authority of a warrant?












  1. Is a John Doe arrest warrant valid under any circumstances? Explain.











  1. Define and describe probable cause.











  1. Describe the Silver Platter Doctrine. Is it still followed? Why or why not?











  1. List the requirements of a valid arrest warrant.


  1. What limitations have judicial cases placed on the search of a motor vehicle incident to a lawful arrest?












  1. What is meant by a plain view seizure and what are the requirements for conducting such a seizure by a law enforcement officer?











  1. Explain the fruits of the poisonous tree doctrine.

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________


  1. A felony is an act usually punishable by incarceration for
    1. one or more years and/or a $500 fine.
    2. six months and/or a $1,000 fine.


  1. more than one year and/or death.


  1. six months and/or a $500 fine.


  1. A misdemeanor is a lesser offense that may be punishable by
    1. a fine, ordinarily not to exceed $500.


  1. imprisonment for no more than a year.


  1. more than one year in prison


  1. A and B


  1. After interviewing the victim of a crime and two witnesses, and examining the crime scene and the physical evidence, you use all of this information as a basis for developing a unifying and internally consistent explanation of the event. You have


  1. used inductive reasoning.


  1. committed Locards Fallacy.


  1. used deductive reasoning.


  1. proceeded in an un-objective manner.


  1. The actions taken at the crime scene immediately following the detection and reporting of the crime constitute the
    1. essential part of police work.


  1. follow-up investigation.
  2. cold search.


  1. preliminary investigation.


  1. If there is a chance the victim may die, the investigator should always get
    1. the name of the suspect.


  1. a dying declaration.


  1. the address of the victim.


  1. victims next of kin.


  1. During a preliminary investigation, if an arrest is not made at the crime scene, the officer must issue a(n)


  1. all points alert.
  2. notification of victim.


  1. be aware of danger notice.


  1. What type of investigation is the effort expended by the police in gathering information subsequent to the initiation of the original report until the case is ready for prosecution.




  1. Follow-up.


  1. Which of the following are steps in a preliminary investigation?
    1. Reviewing the offense/incident report


  1. Securing the crime scene and witnesses
  2. Re-interviewing the witnesses


  1. All of the above


  1. Which of the following would constitute a basis for assigning an cleared by exceptional means classification to a case?
    1. The suspect is known to the police, but they cant find him to serve a warrant.


  1. The suspect is in custody, but invokes his rights under the Miranda ruling after being formally charged.
  2. The suspect attends the local college as an exchange student.


  1. The suspect is known to the police, but the complainant refuses to testify in the case.


  1. Possibly the most important function of the senior investigator is
    1. Overall coordination


  1. Forensic services
  2. Investigative services


  1. Media relations


  1. The three major functions to be executed at the scene of a crime are
    1. Overall coordination, forensic services, investigative services.


  1. Arrest, search, seizure.


  1. Coordination, arrest, interrogation.


  1. Observation, supervision, technical assistance.


  1. Which type of evidence serves to substantiate the distinct set of elements whose commission or omission must be demonstrated to have occurred in order to prove a criminal offense?
    1. Crime scene documentation.


  1. Associative evidence.
  2. The rule of detail.


  1. Corpus delicti evidence.


  1. What connects the perpetrator to the crime scene or victim, or connects the scene or victim to the suspect?


  1. Corpus delecti evidence.
  2. Associative evidence.


  1. Tracing evidence.


  1. May be any of the preceding depending on the facts of the case.


  1. What type of trace evidence may react (fluoresce) from an alternate light system?
    1. Fingerprints and bodily fluids.


  1. Hairs, fibers, and drugs.
  2. Bite marks, bruises, and human bone fragments.


  1. All of the above


  1. With respect to rules for crime scene investigators, which rule requires that standard samples and elimination prints always be obtained whenever appropriate?
    1. Caution


  1. Conceptualization


  1. Acceptiveness


  1. Inclusiveness


  1. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a bloodborne pathogen that is spread by
    1. casual contact.


  1. sweat, tears, saliva or urine.
  2. toilet seats, telephones, swimming pools, or drinking fountains.


  1. none of the above.


  1. Hepatitis B and C are the most common serious diseases in the world and are the leading cause of
    1. cirrhosis of the liver.


  1. heart disease.



  1. both B and C.


  1. Which crime scene search pattern is usually employed in outdoor scenes and is normally executed by a single person?


  1. strip/line.



  1. zone/quadrant.


  1. Which search pattern has the searchers doubling back perpendicularly across the area being examined?


  1. Strip/line.


  1. Zone/quadrant.


  1. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. Quality crime scene videos start with proper training.


  1. Videotaping should be used as a substitute for conventional still photography.


  1. Most crime scenes can be recorded on a 30-minute videotape.


DWhen videotaping a crime scene, it is important to stop the camera when moving from one position to . another to avoid bouncing shots that are distracting and of little actual use.


  1. Which of the following is a benefit of photography in documenting crime scenes?
    1. Connecting the evidence to the suspect.


  1. Showing points of interest and their position relative to other evidence in a broad area.
  2. Providing backup for the video camera.


  1. There is no benefit of photography over video.


  1. A basic diagram of the scene showing important points is the
    1. forensic map.


  1. strip search.



  1. crime scene sketch.


  1. Which of the following is not of the four views as listed in the textbook?
    1. Overhead or birds-eye view.


  1. Elevation view.


  1. Forensic mapping view.
  2. Cross projection view.


  1. The three basic methods for documenting the crime scene are
    1. Audio recording, video recording and sketching
    2. Audio recording, video recording and photography


  1. Digital video recording, digital still photography and audio recording


  1. Digital video recording, digital still photography and sketching


  1. _________________ allows for the display of multiple points of interests in several walls and/or the ceiling on the same sketch at the same time.
    1. Elevation view


  1. Triangulation


  1. Cross-projection
  2. None of the above


  1. Misdemeanors are lesser offenses that may be punishable by a fine, ordinarily not to exceed $500, and/or imprisonment for no more than one year.

True   False


  1. At a crime scene, if there are no satisfactory options in causing or allowing the contamination or destruction of evidence, the victims well being takes precedence over destruction of evidence. True False


  1. When defining the crime scene, officers must make sure that they also identify possible or actual lines of approach to, and flight from, the scene and protect them as they would a crime scene.

True   False


  1. The chain of custody is the witnessed, unbroken, written chronological history of who had the evidence and when they had the evidence.

True   False


  1. The investigator assigned to the call must prepare an incident/offense report so the district attorney will have all the facts of the case.

True   False


  1. The primary crime scene is the location where the initial offense was committed whereas the locations of all subsequent connected events are secondary scenes.

True   False


  1. Crime scene coordination includes interviewing witnesses, conducting and documenting the neighborhood canvass, and a field interrogation of the suspect if he/she is in custody.

True   False


  1. The identification and location of the suspect are the goals of tracing evidence; corpus delicti and associative evidence may also serve these purposes.

True   False


  1. The media has the right to unrestricted information about the crime as long as there are no victims named by law enforcement.

True   False


  1. Human behavior is rich in its variety; in reconstructing the crime, investigators must be alert to the danger of imparting their own probable motives or actions to the perpetrator unless there are solid grounds for doing so.


True   False


  1. Often ________ evidence is located using alternate light systems.



  1. Portable ________ are quite useful in locating very small items of evidence. These units are particularly effective in gathering hairs, fibers, and certain types of drug evidence.



  1. A list of each item of evidence, the names of the collector, and witnesses; the location, date, and time of the collection and documentation such as photos or diagrams are contained in the ________ log and in the lifted prints log.




  1. The ________ is a blood borne pathogen that is also present in many other body fluids and most commonly spread through vaginal and anal intercourse.



  1. ________ is a chronic bacterial infection that is spread by air and is accountable for more deaths worldwide than any other infectious disease.



  1. The ________ search entails dividing the area into a number of pie-shaped sections that are then searched, usually though a variation of the strip method.



  1. ________ a crime scene offers several advantages: cameras are relatively inexpensive, incorporate audio, use can be quickly learned, and images can be played back immediately.



  1. A basic diagram of the scene showing important points, such as the locations where various pieces of physical evidence were located is the _______.



  1. The textbook refers to 5 major forensic mapping methods. These include: rectangular coordinates, triangulation, _______, polar coordinates, and grid system.



  1. _____________________ are the sketches that are made in the field and/or at the crime scene.



  1. Define felony, misdemeanor and violation.











  1. Contrast inductive and deductive reasoning?











  1. What are the preliminary and follow-up investigations?











  1. Define primary and secondary scenes?











  1. What are macroscopic and microscopic scenes?


  1. Identify and explain the three major crime scene functions.











  1. State and explain three broad categories of evidence in which investigators have a particular interest.











  1. What are the rules for crime scene investigators and what do they mean?











  1. There are many measures police officers can take to protect themselves at scenes from health risks from blood borne pathogens, such as HIV/AIDS. Identify a minimum of twelve.











  1. What kind of information should be included in a letter transmitting evidence to the crime laboratory?



Student: ___________________________________________________________________________


  1. Which characteristic can be identified as originating from a particular person or source?




  1. Which of the following is/are guidelines to be used in handling soil evidence?
    1. Gather soil as quickly as sound action permits.


  1. Collect soil samples where there are noticeable changes in composition, color, and texture.


  1. Collect soil samples from a depth that is consistent with the depth at which the questioned soil may have originated.
  2. All are guidelines to be used in handling soil evidence.


  1. What is the preferred medium for casting prints due to its greater strength, quicker setting time, ease of use and because it provides more detailed impressions?
    1. Plaster of Paris.


  1. Dental Stone.



  1. None of the above.


  1. The direction of a shot through a glass window can be determined by
    1. Concentric cracks


  1. Radial cracks


  1. A cone shaped area on the opposite side from impact
  2. All of the above


  1. A fracture match occurs when
    1. It is established that two or more pieces were formerly joined together.
    2. Multiple items are compared to each other.


  1. Multiple items share the same chemical consistency.


  1. None of the above are examples of fracture matches


  1. What type of print is created when fingers touch against some material such as a newly painted surface?


  1. Latex
  2. Contaminated


  1. Plastic
  2. Latent


  1. Which of the following is a major fingerprint pattern?
    1. Double Central
    2. Looped Arch


  1. Depressed Loop


  1. Plain Whorl


  1. Which is true about fingerprints?
    1. Everyone has them and at least one fingerprint pattern will be duplicated on a persons toe.


  1. Identical twins have identical fingerprints.


  1. Contaminated prints are created when fingers touch a surface like fresh putty.


  1. DFO is about three times more effective than ninhydrin in developing latent prints on paper.


  1. A handgun used in a murder is recovered by a diver. Which of the following should be used to develop any latent prints?
    1. Small Particular Reagent (SPR)


  1. Amido Black


  1. SuperGlue


  1. Basic Yellow 40


  1. Which of the following have friction ridges that are commonly referred to as fingerprints.
    1. Soles of the feet


  1. Toes


  1. Fingers
  2. All of the above


  1. Rope, cord, string and tape are more likely to be found at this type of crime.
    1. Car theft
    2. Extortion


  1. Rape/sexual assault


  1. None of the above


  1. Skeletal, burned, or mutilated remains can best be identified by
    1. carbon dating.



  1. the use of dental records.


  1. combinations of physical and circumstantial evidence.


  1. Many victims are bitten during an attack. What is the primary significance of a bite mark to the investigator?
    1. Can provide the M.O. of the perpetrator.


  1. Can provide sites for DNA collection of saliva from the suspect which can lead to the identification of the suspect.
  2. Can aid in deciding what charges to apply when the suspect is arrested.
  3. Can aid in determining whether or not the suspect should be charged as a sexual criminal.


  1. Which of the following information cannot be provided by a forensic examination of hair?
    1. The area of the body from which the hair came as well as the race of the donor.
    2. The manner in which the hair was removed: cut or forcible pulled out.


  1. What drugs were ingested and how long ago they were consumed.


  1. Approximate age of the donor.


  1. Which is used as a presumptive or preliminary field test for blood?
    1. Hemident


  1. Limpit
  2. Dolcet


  1. Nodocen


  1. Which should be used to collect fresh liquid blood evidence at a crime scene?
    1. Clean cotton cloth


  1. Paper


  1. Tape


  1. All of the choices are correct


  1. Under ordinary conditions laboratory examination of blood evidence can determine all of the following except
    1. the sex of the person.


  1. the blood type of the person and their DNA profile.
  2. the race of the person.


  1. whether the person was a smoker.


  1. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. Bore is the correct term to apply to the radius of the interior of a weapons barrel.
    2. In a rifled bore, the bore is measured from one groove to an opposing groove.


  1. With a rifled bore, the projectile usually rotates in a left-hand direction.


  1. It is possible to fire a smaller caliber bullet through a larger bored weapon.


  1. Which of the following is not a determination that can be made from cartridge cases?
    1. Marks made on the cartridge case as it is loaded into the chamber for firing.


  1. A pin impression made on the base of the cartridge case which is caused by the firing of the weapon. CStriations made when expanding gases force the cartridge case against the chamber wall and marks left

. by the same gases when they force the cartridge case back against the breach.


  1. Bullet residue from the fired bullet that is shaved off as it exits the gun barrel.


  1. Any impression, cut, gouge, or abrasion made when a tool comes into contact with another object, for forensic purposes, is
    1. a tool mark.
    2. an element of the burglary.


  1. the modus operandi of the suspect.


  1. possibly any of the preceding depending on the circumstances of the case.


  1. Loosely defined, a document is anything
    1. to which a notary seal has been affixed.


  1. with legal meaning.


  1. on which a mark has been made for the purpose of conveying a message.


  1. officially used.


  1. Tool marks are most commonly found at this type of crime.
    1. Burglary


  1. Robbery
  2. Assault


  1. None of the above


  1. Laboratory examination may be able to determine which of the following for questioned documents?
    1. Establish the source of the paper through watermarks.


  1. Determine if the document is authentic or fake


  1. Determine the age of the document


  1. All of the above are possible determinations


  1. What evidentiary information is obtained when the ink used to write a message involved in a crime is compared with the ink recovered from a suspect?
    1. Identifies the suspect.


  1. Identifies the pen used in writing the note.
  2. Determines whether or not the inks have consistent characteristics.


  1. No evidentiary information can be obtained.


  1. This type of crime is more likely to have disputed or questioned documents.
    1. Assault


  1. White collar crimes


  1. Burglary


  1. Car theft


  1. Characteristics of physical evidence that are common to a group of objects or persons are termed individual characteristics whereas class characteristics can be identified, with a high degree of probability, as originating with a particular person or source.


True   False


  1. Collect soil samples from a depth that is consistent with the depth at which the questioned soil may have originated.

True   False


  1. The Shoeprint Image Capture and Retrieval System (SICAR) is a software package that classifies, archives, identifies, and names the shoe store that sold the shoes.

True   False


  1. Usually, paint is class-characteristic evidence, although in some cases it reaches the level of individual evidence.

True   False


  1. If glass fragments are sufficiently large to allow for a fracture match, glass may assume individuality. A fracture match can only be made in the crime lab.

True   False


  1. It is possible to determine the direction from which a bullet penetrated glass: on the same side of the surface of initial impact, there will be a characteristic cone-shaped area. The larger area of the cone shape indicates the area from which the bullet was fired.


True   False


  1. Cord and rope have essentially the same characteristics as string, and all have some characteristics of fibers.

True   False


  1. A fingerprint is a replica of the friction ridges that touched the surface on which the print was found. True False


  1. Latent/invisible prints are associated with the small amounts of body perspiration and oil that are normally found on the friction ridges. A latent print is created when the friction ridges deposit these materials on a surface.


True   False


  1. When the finger leaving the print is very contaminated, both the ridge surfaces and their valleys get filled up, resulting in a smeared appearance with little value as evidence.

True   False


  1. The most common method of developing latent/invisible prints is through the use of traditional





  1. ________ is used to develop latent prints on the adhesive side of almost any kind of tape and is also useful on plastic surfaces. The results can be enhanced by viewing the treated area under laser illumination.




  1. Glue fuming of the deceaseds body, followed by the application of fluorescent powders, is a recommended approach to developing latent prints on the victims body.



  1. When a suspect does not give informed consent to obtain bite mark evidence, the courts provide two methods of obtaining these records: a court order or a _______.



  1. Blood stains, known as _______, may take many forms at a crime scene, produced by such factors as the type, location, and number of wounds inflicted.



  1. When analyzing blood evidence, the more elliptical the stain, the more ________ the angle of impact.



  1. The ________ is the diameter of the bullet, whereas the bore is the diameter of the barrels interior between its opposing high sides, or lands.



  1. ________ are made when expanding gases force the cartridge case against the

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