Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness 9th Edition Spector Test Bank

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Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness 9th Edition Spector Test Bank

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Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness, 9e (Spector)
Chapter 6 HEALING Traditions

1) The nurse is reading about ancient forms of HEALING. Which method focuses on removing evil from the body?
1. Casting blame on another person in the community
2. Drinking special herbal mixtures
3. Eating special foods
4. Punishing the person who had the sickness
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Looking for a causative agent for sickness beyond internal reasons could lead to the blame being placed on another person in the community, especially if they were perceived to be different from others.
2. Drinking herbal mixtures to remove the illness-causing evil was not a routine event.
3. Eating special foods was not a consideration for treating illness in an attempt to remove its evil.
4. Punishing the person who had the sickness was not a method to rid the person of the illness-causing evil.
Cognitive Level: Remembering
Patient Need: Physiological Integrity
Patient Need Sub: Physiological Adaptation
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment
Learning Outcome: LO01 Identify practices that were part of ancient forms of HEALING.

2) Why would the nurse assess a patients religion when completing the health history process?
1. Religion plays a role in the perception of HEALTH and ILLNESS.
2. Religion helps explain recreational habits.
3. Religion provides information about the patients geographic location.
4. Religion explains nutritional preferences.
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Religion strongly affects the way people interpret and respond to the signs and symptoms of illness.
2. Religion does not provide information about the patients recreational habits.
3. Religion does not provide information about the patients geographic location.
4. Religion does not explain nutritional preferences.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment
Learning Outcome: LO02 Distinguish the relationship between faith traditions and HEALING.

3) A patient with a severe illness is reading the Bible. Which section of the Bible would help the patient with HEALING illnesses and suffering?
1. New Testament
2. Genesis
3. Old Testament.
4. Leviticus
Answer: 1, 3
Explanation: 1. The New Testament focuses on HEALING.
2. Genesis is a part of the Old Testament, which does not focus on HEALING to the extent of the New Testament.
3. The Old Testament addresses HEALING in the form of God having the power of life and death.
4. Leviticus is a part of the Old Testament, which does not focus on HEALING to the extent of the New Testament.
Cognitive Level: Understanding
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO02 Distinguish the relationship between faith traditions and HEALING.

4) The nurse is determining how a patient is going to respond to prescribed medical treatment for an illness. What factors will influence the patients response? Select all that apply.
1. Religion
2. Ethnicity
3. Culture
4. Family structure
Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4
Explanation: 1. Religion is woven into the fabric of each persons response to treatment and HEALING.
2. Ethnicity is woven into the fabric of each persons response to treatment and HEALING.
3. Culture is woven into the fabric of each persons response to treatment and HEALING.
4. Family structure is considered a factor that influences a persons response to treatment and healing.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: LO02 Distinguish the relationship between faith traditions and HEALING.

5) Which action would the nurse take when assessing the impact of religion, culture, and ethnicity on a patients illness?
1. Recognize religious preferences may differ between members of an ethnic group.
2. Recognize all members of an ethnic group will follow the same dietary practices.
3. Recognize certain ethnic groups practice the same religion.
4. Recognize certain ethnic groups always practice the same cultural rituals.
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. While many members of an ethnic group may practice the same religion, it is not appropriate to assume that all of them do. This is stereotyping.
2. Not all members of an ethnic group will follow the same dietary practices.
3. Not all members of the same ethnic groups have the same religious affiliation.
4. Cultural rituals can vary within an ethnic group.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment
Learning Outcome: LO02 Distinguish the relationship between faith traditions and HEALING.

6) A female patient tells the nurse that she prayed to one saint to become pregnant, and now that she is, she is going to pray to a different saint to help her through the pregnancy. To which saint is this patient praying? Select all that apply.
1. St. Anthony of Padua
2. St. Raymond Nonnatus
3. St. Lucy
4. St. John of God
Answer: 1, 2
Explanation: 1. St. Anthony of Padua is prayed to for the problem of barrenness.
2. St. Raymond Nonnatus is prayed to while pregnant.
3. St. Lucy is prayed to for eye disease.
4. St. John of God is prayed to for heart disease.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: LO03 Identify selected saints related to HEALTH problems.

7) The nurse overhears a patient ask a family member to bring the Lourdes water to the hospital. The nurse recalls this water is believed to cure which health problem?
1. Bodily ills
2. Blindness
3. Mental Illness
4. Cancer
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. The presence of Lourdes water in the home is for use when a person is experiencing bodily ills.
2. St. Odilia is the patron saint for blindness.
3. St. Dymphna is the patron saint for those who are mentally ill.
4. St. Peregrine is considered the patron saint for cancer.
Cognitive Level: Remembering
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO03 Identify selected saints related to HEALTH problems.
8) The family member of a patient with bipolar disorder is sitting quietly in the waiting room praying. To which saint would the family member most likely be praying for help with mental illness?
1. St. Dymphna
2. St. Odilia
3. St. Lucy
4. St. Peregrine
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. St. Dymphna is the patron saint for those with mental illness.
2. St. Odilia is the patron saint for blindness
3. St. Lucy is the patron saint for those with eye diseases.
4. St. Peregrine is the patron saint for those with cancer.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment
Learning Outcome: LO03 Identify selected saints related to HEALTH problems.

9) The family of a blind patient is sitting in the waiting room with their parish priest praying for the patient to have their sight restored. To which saint is the family most likely addressing their prayers?
1. St. Dymphna
2. St. Odilia
3. St. Lucy
4. St. Peregrine
Answer: 2
Explanation: 1. St. Dymphna is the patron saint for those with mental illness.
2. St. Odilia is the patron saint for blindness
3. St. Lucy is the patron saint for those with eye diseases.
4. St. Peregrine is the patron saint for those with cancer.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO03 Identify selected saints related to HEALTH problems.

10) A family member tells a patient with terminal cancer not to worry since special prayers have been said in church. To which saint is prayed for help with cancer?
1. St. Dymphna
2. St. Odilia
3. St. Lucy
4. St. Peregrine
Answer: 4
Explanation: 1. St. Dymphna is the patron saint for those with mental illness.
2. St. Odilia is the patron saint for those who are blind.
3. St. Lucy is the patron saint for those with eye diseases.
4. St. Peregrine is the patron saint of those with cancer.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO03 Identify selected saints related to HEALTH problems.

11) A Jewish patient with a progressive neurological disease wants to visit a shrine in the United States to offer prayers for HEALING. Which shrine would be available for the patient to visit? Select all that apply.
1. The Tomb of Menachem Mendel Schneerson
2. Shrine of Our Lady of San Juan
3. Shrine of our Lord of Esquipulas
4. The National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. The Tomb of Menachem Mendel Schneerson in New York is a holy shrine where Jewish people from around the world gather to leave petitions and seek HEALING.
2. The Shrine of Our Lady of San Juan in Texas houses a statue of the Virgin, who is responsible for causing a miracle. Pilgrims arrive daily to ask for HEALING.
3. The Shrine of our Lord of Esquipulas in New Mexico has reported countless instances of HEALING.
4. The National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows in Illinois is a site for people to pray for HEALING and hope.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO04 Discuss the various destinations and purposes of popular piety and spiritual journeys.

12) A patient tells the nurse about visiting a number of shrines over the years and has found the experiences valuable for HEALTH. What are the common characteristics of shrines? Select all that apply.
1. Feeling of peacefulness and serenity to the visitor
2. Calm, soothing atmosphere
3. Place where petitions are left for HEALING
4. Expression of religious beliefs
Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4
Explanation: 1. A characteristic that shrines have in common is a feeling of peacefulness and serenity to the visitor.
2. A characteristic that shrines have in common is a calm, soothing atmosphere.
3. A characteristic that shrines have in common is they are places where petitions are left for HEALING.
4. Shrines are usually considered a place where religious beliefs are expressed.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: LO04 Discuss the various destinations and purposes of popular piety and spiritual journeys.

13) A patient with muscular dystrophy is planning a trip to Lourdes, France, the site of a revered Roman Catholic shrine. What is the significance of visiting this shrine?
1. The hope for receiving a cure through a miracle
2. The hope being able to live a long life
3. Becoming more prosperous
4. Gaining insight about the cause of disease
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Many ill people make a pilgrimage to Lourdes to ask intercession for a cure for their illness.
2. Lourdes is associated with illness and the cures obtained from Our Lady of Lourdes.
3. Prosperity is not associated with the Lourdes shrines reputation.
4. Gaining insight about the cause of disease is not associated with the reputation of the shrine at Lourdes.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: LO04 Discuss the various destinations and purposes of popular piety and spiritual journeys.

14) A patient is interested in learning more about HEALING. What types of HEALING would the nurse suggest the patient focus this study? Select all that apply.
1. Spiritual
2. Inner
3. Physical
4. Deliverance
Answer: 1, 2, 3
Explanation: 1. Spiritual HEALING occurs when a person is experiencing an ILLNESS of the spirit.
2. Inner HEALING is used when a person is suffering from an emotional or mental illness.
3. Physical HEALING is used when a person is suffering from a disease, or has been in an accident that has caused some form of bodily damage.
4. Deliverance is used when the body and mind are victims of evil from the outside world. Evil is exorcised from the body.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.

15) What would be alternative treatment modalities used during an illness?
1. Consultation of a HEALER outside the medical establishment
2. Willingness to seek a second medical opinion
3. Refusal to allow any medical treatment to be performed
4. Strict adherence to the prescribed medical regimen
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Alternative treatment modalities may include the consultation of a HEALER outside of the medical establishment.
2. Seeking a second medical opinion is not an alternative treatment.
3. Refusing to allow any medical treatment is not an alternative treatment.
4. Strict adherence to the prescribed medical regiment is not an alternative treatment.
Cognitive Level: Understanding
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.

16) An adolescent patient is having a moral conflict because an abortion is desired, but it is against the patients religion. Which religions forbid or restrict abortions? Select all that apply.
1. Roman Catholicism
2. Christian Science
3. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
4. Unitarian Church
Answer: 1, 2, 3
Explanation: 1. Abortion is prohibited in Roman Catholicism.
2. Abortion is incompatible with the faith of Christian Science.
3. Abortion is forbidden in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
4. Abortion is acceptable as a therapeutic option or on demand within the Unitarian Church.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Assessment
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.

17) A patient adheres to the teachings of Islam. What dietary practice is followed?
1. Follow a vegetarian diet.
2. Pork is prohibited.
3. Fasting once a month
4. Abstinence from alcohol
Answer: 2
Explanation: 1. Seventh-day Adventists are encouraged to follow a vegetarian diet.
2. Pork is prohibited in Islam.
3. Fasting is a practice within the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
4. Christian Scientists are encouraged to abstain from alcohol, coffee, and tea.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.
18) A patient tells the nurse she is pregnant and unable to attend the funeral of her grandfather because of her religious heritage.
1. She is a Jehovahs Witness
2. She is a Roman Catholic
3. She is a Hindu.
4. She is a Buddhist.
Answer: 4
Explanation: 1. Jehovahs Witnesses allow adherents to attend the funeral of a loved one.
2. Roman Catholics permit adherents to attend the funeral of a loved one.
3. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has no restrictions regarding the attendance of the funeral of a loved one.
4. Buddhists may not allow a pregnant woman to attend a funeral.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Physiological Integrity
Patient Need Sub: Basic Care and Comfort
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.

19) A patient follows the teachings of Christian Science and will not take any medications, but for which health problem will medications be used by members of this religion?
1. Immunizations to comply with civil law
2. Chemotherapy to treat cancer
3. Antibiotics
4. Narcotics for pain relief
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Christian Science does not allow the use of medications in treating disease or illness, but will allow immunizations and vaccines to comply with civil law.
2. Chemotherapy to treat cancer is not allowed.
3. Antibiotics are not allowed.
4. Narcotics for pain relief are not allowed.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.
20) A patient tells the nurse she is a member of a religion where birth control is either permitted or up to the choice of the couple. Which religions have this belief regarding the use of birth control? Select all that apply.
1. Buddhist Church of America
2. Judaism
3. Hinduism
4. Mennonite
Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4
Explanation: 1. Birth control within Buddhist Churches of America is acceptable.
2. Birth control in Judaism is permitted for therapeutic purposes.
3. Birth control within Hinduism is acceptable.
4. Birth control within the Mennonite religion is acceptable.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.

21) Why would a patient use a traditional HEALER over a traditional allopathic physician for a health problem?
1. Willingness to be available at any time
2. Use of a unique language that is characteristic of their calling
3. Exclusive dialogue with the person who is ill
4. Formal relationship with the patient
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. HEALERS are willing to come day or night to the house where they are needed.
2. Traditional medical personnel generally have a medical language they use, and may not share the worldview of the patient.
3. Medical personnel generally deal only with the patient, and do not interact with the family as a whole.
4. HEALERS maintain an informal, affective relationship with the entire family.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO05 Discuss the relationship of HEALING to todays health/HEALTH beliefs and practices.
22) A patient is planning to see a spiritual HEALER that practices Santeria. What is this type of HEALING?
1. Spiritual HEALING
2. A method that separates the physical from the spiritual
3. The expression of divine intervention
4. The optimal method for HEALING
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Santeria is spiritual HEALING.
2. Spiritual HEALING can combine elements of the physical and spiritual.
3. Spiritual HEALING is not just an expression of divine intervention.
4. Spiritual HEALING is one component of healing, but does not address all aspects of healing, such as the physical, which does not make it the optimal method for healing.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO06 Describe various forms of HEALING.

23) A person has an ILLNESS of the spirit. What method of treatment will this person receive?
1. Repentance
2. Heal the memory
3. Laying of hands
4. Exorcism
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. The treatment method for spiritual healing is repentance.
2. The treatment method for inner healing is healing the memory.
3. One method of treatment for physical healing is the laying of hands.
4. The treatment method for deliverance is an exorcism.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO06 Describe various forms of HEALING.

24) A patient is planning to participate in a physical HEALING session. What activities will occur during this session? Select all that apply.
1. Laying on hands
2. Speaking in tongues
3. Having blood drawn
4. Releasing muscle tension through massage
Answer: 1, 2
Explanation: 1. Laying on hands is performed during a physical HEALING session.
2. Speaking in tongues is performed during a physical HEALING session.
3. Having blood drawn is not performed during a physical HEALING session.
4. The release of muscle tension through massage is not performed during a physical healing session.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO06 Describe various forms of HEALING.
25) Which type of healing is most appropriate for a person who is possessed by external evil?
1. Deliverance
2. Physical HEALING
3. Inner HEALING
4. Spiritual HEALING
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Deliverance, or exorcism, is used to treat a person whose body and mind are the victims of evil from the outside.
2. Physical HEALING is used for those who have bodily injury.
3. Inner HEALING is used when a person is suffering from an emotional or mental illness.
4. Spiritual HEALING is used for those who are repenting their personal sin.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO06 Describe various forms of HEALING.

26) For which HEALTH problems would physical HEALING be the most appropriate to treat?
1. A disease is present
2. Someone afflicted with a bodily and mental evil
3. Spiritual distress from personal sin
4. An emotional or mental illness
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. Physical HEALING is done when there is an illness.
2. Bodily and mental evil is treated with deliverance or exorcism.
3. Spiritual HEALING is done when personal sin has caused spiritual distress.
4. Inner HEALING is used for those who have an emotional or mental illness.
Cognitive Level: Applying
Patient Need: Physiological Integrity
Patient Need Sub: Basic Care and Comfort
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Implementation
Learning Outcome: LO06 Describe various forms of HEALING.
27) A patient approaching delivery of her first child tells the nurse that many things need to be done prior to delivery, because she will not be permitted activity for 40 days after the birth. The nurse realizes that many countries of national origin practice a 40-day waiting period after the delivery of a baby? Select all that apply.
1. Bangladesh
2. Cuba
3. Ethiopia
4. Jordan
5. Thailand
Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4
Explanation: 1. In Bangladesh, the mother remains indoors for 40 days.
2. In Cuba, the mother will stay home for 40 days.
3. In Ethiopia, the mother will be confined for 14 to 40 days postpartum.
4. In Jordan, the mother has a 40-day confinement period postpartum.
5. There are no restricted periods of maternal confinement after the birth of a child in Thailand.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Planning
Learning Outcome: LO07 Differentiate rituals of birth and death among people of selected faith traditions.

28) What is the significance of using water during baptism ceremonies in some religions?
1. Cleanses the child from evil or other maladies
2. Signifies the relationship of the child to God
3. Dedicates the child to a family group
4. Protects the child from illness
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. The use of water is a symbolic representation of cleansing of sin for Christians, as well as for other maladies in other religions.
2. Baptism is a symbol, but does not formally tie the child to God.
3. Water use in baptism does not dedicate a child to a family group.
4. The use of water in baptism does not protect the child from illness.
Cognitive Level: Understanding
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: LO07 Differentiate rituals of birth and death among people of selected faith traditions.
29) A baby in the newborn nursery has several charms pinned to the outer blanket. What is the significance of these charms?
1. Ritual to protect the infant during the first few days of life
2. Protection against specific illnesses during this time
3. Respect for the new life of the infant
4. Declaration of the child belonging to a particular ethnic group
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. The use of amulets, charms, and medals represents rituals that have ancient roots and confer protection against evil as well as other problems during the early days of the infants life.
2. The use of amulets, charms, and medals is not specific for a particular illness for an infant.
3. The use of amulets, charms, and medals is not meant to convey respect for the infants newness.
4. While some ethnic groups utilize particular charms or amulets, their use does not specifically assign ethnicity to an infant.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: LO07 Differentiate rituals of birth and death among people of selected faith traditions.

30) A patient who is Buddhist is wearing white clothes. What does this color symbolize in this religion?
1. Mourning the death of a relative
2. Joy for the birth of an infant
3. Recognition of a religious holiday
4. Celebration of a marriage
Answer: 1
Explanation: 1. The wearing of white clothes signifies mourning in the Buddhist faith.
2. No specific color is worn for the birth of an infant.
3. No specific colors are seen for specific religious holidays.
4. Celebrating a marriage is not done with white clothes in the Buddhist tradition.
Cognitive Level: Analyzing
Patient Need: Psychosocial Integrity
Nursing/Integrated Concepts: Nursing Process: Evaluation
Learning Outcome: LO07 Differentiate rituals of birth and death among people of selected faith traditions.

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