Essentials Of Pharmacology Health Professions 7th Edition Woodrow Colbert Smith Test Bank

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Essentials Of Pharmacology Health Professions 7th Edition Woodrow Colbert Smith Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS
Essentials Of Pharmacology Health Professions 7th Edition Woodrow Colbert Smith Test Bank

chapter 2

 

  1. Your father recently had a heart attack, and has been told by his doctor to take a low dose of aspirin every day to prevent the formation of blood clots that might cause him to have The aspirin is being used as a(n)                                                                                                                                                            .
    1. analgesic
    2. thrombolytic agent
    3. antipyretic
    4. anti-inflammatory

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Drugs that relieve pain without loss of consciousness are known as .
    1. anti-inflammatories
    2. analgesics
    3. anesthetics
    4. hypnotics

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Your instructor asks you to identify the prototype drugs for each drug Therefore, you indicate the

____.

  1. latest and greatest drug of each classification
  2. first drug discovered in each classification
  3. drug that has the best efficacy in each classification
  4. drug that typifies the characteristics of each classification

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Health care practitioners typically prefer drugs to be classified by their .
    1. market cost
    2. chemical structure
    3. therapeutic use
    4. risk of side effects

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Caroline asks you to explain the difference between generic and trade names for What should you tell her?
    1. The first letter of a generic name is never capitalized, whereas the trade name is always
    2. The trade name is assigned by the USAN
    3. The generic name is assigned by the
    4. The generic name is owned by the

 

ANSWER:  a

 

 

  1. While reading the label on a medicine bottle, you notice that the name of the drug is followed by an R in a circle, as follows: . What does this indicate?
    1. The drug is available over-the-counter.
    2. The drug is a
    3. The drig name is
    4. The drug has been

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. A nasty fall results in a gash in your forehead and chin, a broken nose, and several knocked out front Your friend picks you from at the emergency room and takes you to a pharmacy to fill your pain medication prescription. He notices that your prescription is for Tylenol 4 and wonders how that differs from Tylenol 2, which was prescribed for him after he had a tooth pulled. Although the excruciating pain has left you in a daze, you correctly explain that

____.

  1. Tylenol 4 has twice as much acetaminophen as Tylenol 2
  2. Tylenol 4 has more codeine than Tylenol 2
  3. Tylenol 2 is the second version of Tylenol and Tylenol 4 is the fourth
  4. Tylenol 2 has less acetaminophen in it

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Who assigns generic names to drugs?
    1. FDA
    2. manufacturers
    3. pharmacies
    4. USAN

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. While reading the information accompanying your prescription antibiotics, you notice that the name azithromycin is in lowercase while the name Zithromax is Why is this the case?
    1. Zithromax is the brand name and azithromycin is the generic
    2. Zithromax is the distributed drug and is derived from a
    3. Azithromycin is the distributed drug and is derived from
    4. Azithromycin is the brand name and Zithromax is the generic

 

ANSWER:  a

 

 

  1. Your sister is skeptical that generic drugs are as effective as brand name drugs because generics cost so much She asks for your opinion. What should you tell her?
    1. The active ingredients for both are identical, but fillers and other inactive ingredients may
    2. Generic and brand name drugs are required to be identical in active and inactive
    3. The active ingredients in generics are similar to those in brand name drugs, but are not guaranteed to be
    4. Generics are manufactured outside the United States, and therefore, the ingredients are

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Which drug name is used in the USP/NF?
    1. trade
    2. official
    3. common
    4. chemical

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Your friend is reading about his new medication, and asks you, what kind of name is 8-chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl- 4Hstriazolo [4,3] [1,4] benzodiazepine? How should you respond?
    1. This is the experimental name of the
    2. This is the chemical name of the
    3. This is the structural name of the
    4. This is the patented name of the

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Trade names are assigned by the .
    1. manufacturer before development begins
    2. manufacturer when the drug is first submitted to the FDA for approval
    3. FDA after the drug is tested and approved
    4. manufacturer after the drug has been tested and approved by the FDA

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Ice cream names such as chocolate, vanilla, and strawberry are similar to .
    1. chemical drug names
    2. official drug names
    3. generic drug names
    4. trade drug names

 

ANSWER:  c

 

 

  1. Your opinionated uncle informs you that all prescription drugs are, by definition, controlled substances because they cannot be legally obtained without a How should you respond to your uncle?
    1. Controlled substances are legally defined as substances that have the potential to be abused or are addictive, but not all prescription drugs have this
    2. Correct; all prescription drugs are, by definition, controlled substances because they cannot be legally obtained without a
    3. Some prescription drugs can be obtained without a prescription but are more typically referred to as behind the counter
    4. The term controlled substances is an outdated term; prescription drugs is now the preferred

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. You read a description of your medication as pink modified capsular shaped, engraved, film-coated tablets containing azithromycin dihydrate equivalent to 250 mg of Under what heading would this information be likely to be found?
    1. chemical structure
    2. actions
    3. usual dosage
    4. how supplied

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. You are reading about the antidepressant Celexa and notice that its effects are presumed to be linked to potentiation of serotonergic activity in the central nervous system (CNS) resulting from its inhibition of CNS neuronal reuptake

of serotonin (5-HT). This statement refers to the drugs   .

  1. actions
  2. contraindications
  3. indications
  4. adverse effects

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Your grandmother has just begun to take a bisphosphonate to treat her She asks you whether it is safe to take her new medication along with the various herbs and other supplements she has taken for many years. Under what heading would you find this information?
    1. interactions
    2. issues
    3. adverse effects
    4. actions

 

ANSWER:  a

 

 

  1. Under what heading would you likely find the statement that a drug should be used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy?
    1. cautions
    2. indications
    3. actions
    4. contraindications

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Which reference would be most useful for learning about off-label uses for medications?
    1. USP-NF
    2. AHFS Drug Information
    3. PDR
    4. USP/DI

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. One of the drawbacks of the United States Pharmacopeia/Dispensing Information is that it .
    1. is useful for research but not clinical practice
    2. places too much focus on off-label uses
    3. is too simplistic for most professionals
    4. does not include photographs of drugs

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. The two-year-old daughter of a dear friend has been diagnosed with an inoperable brain tumor that has not responded to radiation or Your friend sends you links to a clinic that claims to be able to cure hopeless cancers and points out the messages from families whose children have been cured. You explain that

____.

  1. the information in testimonials may not be valid
  2. this is the childs best and last chance for a cure
  3. insurance coverage will be denied for this type of treatment
  4. this claim must be accurate, and therefore worth a try

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Shelley is taking a What is the primary action of this medication?
    1. To stop or relieve coughing
    2. To increase urinary output
    3. To decrease inflammation
    4. To help control pain

 

ANSWER:  b

 

 

  1. Lakyn is taking an What is the primary action of this drug?
    1. To relieve anxiety
    2. To neutralize stomach acid
    3. To increase urinary output
    4. To prevent or relieve coughing

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Moises is taking a medication that lowers his blood This drug would be classified as a(n) .
    1. anxiolytic
    2. analgesic
    3. antitussive
    4. hypoglycemic

 

ANSWER:  d

 

chapter 14

 

  1. Your best friend is diagnosed with lymphoma and asks you about what shes read about the side effects of treatments, particularly gastrointestinal effects and hair You explain to her that many drugs used in the treatment of cancer have effects on the gastrointestinal system and hair because they are especially toxic to cells that are ____.
    1. rapidly proliferating
    2. slow to reproduce
    3. DNA-dependent
    4. particularly complex

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Arthur does not have cancer, but does have severe rheumatoid arthritis that has not been responsive to What class of antineoplastic agents might be used to treat his rheumatoid arthritis?
    1. monoclonal antibody
    2. alkylating agent
    3. antimetabolite
    4. radioisotope

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Marcy is receiving cisplatin for the treatment of ovarian Cisplatin acts by .
    1. interfering with DNA synthesis, repair, and cellular replication
    2. preventing the development of a blood supply for tumor growth
    3. damaging the DNA needed for cell reproduction
    4. binding hormones necessary for tumor growth

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Kaiden is being treated for a brain He is told that his chemotherapy may result in peripheral nerve damage and myelosupression, which may be so severe that treatment will be limited. To what class of drugs does Kaidens chemotherapeutic agent likely belong?
    1. signal transduction inhibitors
    2. alkylating agents
    3. mitotic inhibitors
    4. antitumor antibiotics

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. The chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel that is used as second-line or subsequent therapy in patients with metastatic breast or ovarian carcinoma refractory on conventional chemotherapy is .
    1. so well-tolerated that it is often taken in pill form at home
    2. a type of alkylating agent
    3. structurally different from other available antineoplastic agents
    4. rarely associated with serious adverse events

 

ANSWER:  c

 

 

  1. Chanelle has a brain tumor that is causing swelling of her What class of drugs may be used to reduce cerebral edema?
    1. colony stimulating factors
    2. hormones
    3. alkylating agents
    4. mitotic inhibitors

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. What type of drug is used as primary hormonal therapy for metastatic estrogen receptorpositive breast cancer in

both men and postmenopausal women, as well as for palliative treatment?

  1. antitumor antibiotic
  2. antimetabolite
  3. antiandrogen
  4. antiestrogen

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Lester is being treated for metastatic prostate cancer and is receiving bicalutamide, an oral agent that interferes with the binding of To what class of neoplastic agents does bicalutamide belong?
    1. antimetabolite
    2. antiandrogen
    3. antimitotic
    4. antiestrogen

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Macys chemotherapy has left her so anemic and prone to infections that treatment must be temporarily What type of drug might Macy be prescribed to help her body produce bone marrow stem cells that divide and develop into red and white blood cells, and platelets?
    1. colony stimulating factor
    2. monoclonal antibody
    3. vaccine
    4. signal transduction inhibitor

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Emmaline has metastatic breast cancer and the tumor produces excess amounts of a protein called She is being treated with herceptin. What type of drug is herceptin?
    1. antiestrogen
    2. colony stimulating factor
    3. monoclonal antibody
    4. signal transduction inhibitor

 

ANSWER:  c

 

 

  1. Sebastian has chronic myelogenous leukemia and is being given imatinib (Gleevec). Imatinib blocks specific enzymes and growth factor receptors that affect cancer cell proliferation and belongs to the class of drugs called .
    1. mitotic inhibitors
    2. antitumor antibiotics
    3. monoclonal antibodies
    4. signal transduction inhibitors

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Your friend Reanna asks you about cancer prevention methods that go beyond lifestyle You inform her about Gardasil and Cervarix, which protect against infection by two high risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV). What percentage of cervical cancers, worldwide, are associated with those two types of HPV?
  2. 70%
  3. 60%
  4. 95%
  5. 80%

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Cheyanne has melanoma and is being treated with interferon to .
    1. prevent nausea and vomiting
    2. boost her immune system response
    3. halt tumor growth
    4. prevent proliferation of cancer cells

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Bryant has skin cancer and is being treated with a topical antimetabolite, which is most likely to be .
    1. vinorelbine
    2. fluorouracil
    3. leucovorin
    4. cisplatin

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Seventy-two year-old Adreanna has lung What semi-synthetic derived from a plant alkaloid is likely to be recommended?
    1. doxorubicin
    2. paclitaxel
    3. vinorelbine
    4. cyclophosphamide

 

ANSWER:  c

 

 

  1. Annika is in treatment for acute leukemia with an antitumor antibiotic that has lower levels of cardiotoxicity than other antitumor This medication is most likely .
    1. doxorubicin
    2. vincristine
    3. daunorubicin
    4. vinblastine

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Ziva is in treatment for lymphoma with an antitumor She will be closely monitored for signs of .
    1. cardiotoxicity
    2. immune system hyperactivity
    3. peripheral neuropathy
    4. development of a secondary cancer

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Gina is taking tamoxifen to treat her metastatic estrogen receptorpositive breast cancer and is experiencing severe

hot flashes. What might be prescribed to help reduce these flashes?

  1. an anti-inflammatory
  2. an anti-estrogen
  3. an antidepressant
  4. an antipyretic

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Mitch is in treatment for lung cancer with During the infusion, he should be closely monitored for .
    1. hypotension
    2. seizures
    3. intravenous infiltration
    4. hypoglycemia

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Darian is being treated for lymphoma and invariably experiences nausea and vomiting from his What medication might be useful in minimizing these side effects?
    1. imatinib
    2. sipuleucel-T
    3. tositumomab
    4. ondansetron

 

ANSWER:  d

 

 

  1. Jessica has advanced ovarian cancer and fluid is building up in her She is hospitalized and radiogold is injected into her abdomen. What piece of knowledge should those caring for her have?
    1. Care providers should not be concerned about exposure risk because the radiogold is administered by
    2. Only women beyond reproductive age should be allowed to care for
    3. Care providers should wear lead-lined aprons when within five feet of
    4. Gowns and gloves should be worn when handling patient excreta such as feces, urine, and body

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Caoimhe is being treated for breast cancer with a drug that is only administered IV under constant supervision of an oncologist, with frequent monitoring of vital signs, and facilities available for emergency interventions if What drug is she receiving?
    1. cyclophosphamide
    2. cisplatin
    3. vincristine
    4. paclitaxel

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Three-year-old Landon has painful sores in his mouth caused by chemotherapy for What instructions should his parents be given about oral hygiene?
    1. Brush frequently and vigorously to reduce the risk of
    2. Brush and use floss twice a day to promote
    3. Use swabs to avoid further
    4. Use an alcohol-based mouthwash for its antibacterial

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Rylie is an oncology nurse who is trying to conceive a Is it safe for her to administer cytotoxic chemotherapy?
    1. She may be able to administer select medications depending on the type of cytoxic drug being administered.
    2. Yes, as long as she does not handle them at the time she is
    3. Yes, as long as she uses standard chemotherapeutical administration
    4. Women who are pregnant, breast-feeding, or actively trying to conceive a child should not care for patients receiving cytotoxic drugs.

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Agatha is receiving palliative chemotherapy, which is intended to .
    1. prevent recurrence
    2. alleviate symptoms
    3. halt tumor growth
    4. prevent metastases

 

ANSWER:  b

 

chapter 26

 

  1. Edward has COPD and uses What adverse effect does he risk if an excessively high concentration is used?
    1. paradoxical excitation
    2. insomnia
    3. blindness
    4. hypoventilation

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Sally is taking an oral smoking cessation aid that is a partial nicotine receptor agonist-antagonist. What medication is she taking?
    1. desloratadine
    2. oxymetazoline
    3. varenicline
    4. bupropion

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Diarmuid wants to quit smoking and wonders whether smoking cessation aids are Are they?
    1. They may even make it more difficult to quit.
    2. They twice as many smokers quit as going cold turkey.
    3. Yes, but only when used at higher doses than recommended
    4. Possibly, but only if the smoker is highly motivated

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Pearl, who has asthma, uses a beta2agonist as a maintenance What medication might she be taking?
    1. salmeterol
    2. ipratropium
    3. tropium
    4. albuterol

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Mercedes takes an oral agent that helps to control the inflammatory process of her What medication might she be taking?
    1. montelukast
    2. racepinephrine
    3. tropium
    4. cromolyn

 

ANSWER:  a

 

 

  1. Brevyn is taking medication that contains What is the action of guaifenesin?
    1. expectorant
    2. antitussive
    3. mucolytic
    4. antihistamine

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Ignacio has asthma and uses an oral medication that decreases the degranulation of cells associated with the inflammatory What medication might he be taking?
    1. zafirlukast
    2. cromolyn
    3. nometasone
    4. ipratropium

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Kristopher is taking medicine that contains What type of agent is dextromethorphan?
    1. decongestant
    2. mucolytic
    3. expectorant
    4. nonnarcotic antitussive

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Karly is taking a nonnarcotic antitussive that has both central and peripheral What might she be taking?
    1. dextromethorphan
    2. acetylcysteine
    3. benzonatate
    4. zafirlukast

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Darren has asthma and sometimes needs a rescue What is he likely to use?
    1. arformoterol
    2. albuterol
    3. formoterol
    4. salmeterol

 

ANSWER:  b

 

 

  1. Clay has COPD and is not responsive to inhaled What medication might be used?
    1. cromolyn
    2. montelukast
    3. theophylline
    4. formoterol

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Lewis uses an antihcolinergic for the prophylaxis of He is likely using what medication?
    1. arformoterol
    2. albuterol
    3. racepinephrine
    4. tiotropium

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Short-acting beta agonists are .
    1. antihistamines
    2. maintenance medications
    3. antitussives
    4. rescue medications

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Sapphire has rhinitis and has been prescribed an intranasal What is important for her to know about its use?
    1. The medication will relieve congestion but not
    2. The medication should be used only when symptoms
    3. The medication should be started before symptoms
    4. The medication should be used only after rinsing the mouth with mouthwash to avoid fungal

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Sixteen-year-old Elyza has asthma and has been using her rescue inhaler more What does this indicate?
    1. She is overusing her medications and is at risk of an
    2. She is outgrowing her
    3. Her asthma control is
    4. She is having a paradoxical reaction to her

 

ANSWER:  c

 

 

  1. Della is having trouble falling asleep and remembers that antihistamines make her What antihistamine is approved as a nighttime sleep aid?
    1. fexofenadine
    2. oxymetazoline
    3. diphenhydramine
    4. desloratadine

 

ANSWER:  c

  1. Jaqueline uses an over-the-counter What is the mechanism of action of decongestants?
    1. They constrict blood vessels in the respiratory
    2. They stabilize the mast cell
    3. They increase secretions, reduce viscosity, and help to expel
    4. They decrease the hypersecretion of and liquefy pulmonary

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Bartholomew has a cold with a cough and runny He has an antihistamine that worked wonderfully with his spring allergies. Should he use this for his cold?
    1. Possibly, but only if he takes it with an antitussive as
    2. Yes, especially if he has COPD or
    3. Taking this is a good idea to help him be more comfortable.
    4. The thickening of bronchial secretions may result in further airway obstruction.

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. Percy needs an antihistamine to help with his pollen allergies, but he has some complicated mental work to do and therefore, would like to use a non-drowsy What antihistamine is less likely to make Percy less drowsy?
    1. chlorpheniramine
    2. fexofenadine
    3. azelastine
    4. clemastine

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Jeans doctor suggests that she use a decongestant but cautions her to limit her use to just a few What might prolonged use cause?
    1. tolerance
    2. rebound congestion
    3. psychological dependence
    4. breakdown of nasal vasculature

 

ANSWER:  b

 

 

  1. Justin has come to the conclusion that caring for a three-year-old with a bad cold is far more challenging than He wonders if one of the over-the-counter cold medicines might help. Would an OTC cold medicine help?
    1. An OTC cold medicine will be helpful.
    2. There is no proof that these medications ease cold symptoms in children.
    3. Yes, if he follows the label directions
    4. The medication might or might not help, depending on what ingredients are

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Yuri has inflammation of bronchial tubes, which leads to chronic mucus production and a wet What disease does he have?
    1. allergies
    2. chronic bronchitis
    3. emphysema
    4. asthma

 

ANSWER:  b

  1. Anastasia has a respiratory disease that causes the destruction of the tiny air sacs at the base of the lungs, diminishing the capacity and efficiency of the lungs to utilize What does she have?
    1. chronic bronchitis
    2. allergies
    3. asthma
    4. emphysema

 

ANSWER:  d

  1. The primary cause of COPD is .
    1. cigarette smoking
    2. pollution
    3. genetic defects
    4. allergens

 

ANSWER:  a

  1. Iona uses an inhaler that delivers her medication through the compression of a What kind of inhaler does she use?
    1. metered dose inhaler
    2. dry-powder inhaler
    3. intranasal inhaler
    4. small volume nebulizer

 

ANSWER:  a

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