Essentials of Life Span Development 2Nd ed by Santrock-Test Bank

<< Essentials of Negotiation 6th Edition by Roy J Lewicki Irving -Test Bank Essentials of Criminal Justice 10th Edition by Larry J. Siegel Test Bank >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Essentials of Life Span Development 2Nd ed by Santrock-Test Bank

Description

WITH ANSWERS
Essentials of Life Span Development 2Nd ed by Santrock-Test Bank

2
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The study of human evolution was first explored by:
A. Sigmund Freud.
B. Charles Darwin.
C. Stephen Hawking.
D. Wilhelm Wundt.
2. According to evolutionary theory, there is a specific reason that certain animals live in the regions that
they do. Polar bears, for instance, are found only in the Arctic regions of the world. An evolutionary
theorist would say that the polar bear was best adapted for this type of environment, unlike a grizzly bear,
who would freeze to death. In this case, the polar bear is a good example of:
A. how to keep warm.
B. adaptive coloration.
C. natural selection.
D. the idea that all creatures have their own niche.
3. Evolutionary psychology suggests that the way in which people develop is:
A. adaptive.
B. maladaptive.
C. random and based on chance.
D. based on their particular genetics.
4. Which of the following animals has the largest brain?
A. Lemur
B. Gibbon
C. Rhesus
D. Gorilla
5. Evolutionary developmental psychology argues that many evolved psychological mechanisms are
_________, which means that they apply only to a specific part of an individuals makeup.
A. cephalocaudal in pattern
B. domain-specific
C. adaptive in contemporary society
D. bidirectional
6. As a criticism of evolutionary psychology, Albert Bandura proposed a:
A. directional view.
B. bidirectional view.
C. unidirectional view.
D. quasi-directional view.
7. In 1981 Steven Jay Gould concluded that in most domains of human functioning, biology allows a broad
range of ________ possibilities.
A. human
B. creative
C. diverse
D. cultural
8. The units of hereditary information that are compromised of short segments of DNA are ______.
A. RNA
B. chromosomes
C. genes
D. genomes
9. A complex molecule that has a double-helix shape and contains genetic information is:
A. a chromosome.
B. RNA.
C. DNA.
D. a gene.
10. Although it was originally thought that human beings have around _______ genes, recent research into
the human genome suggests that we probably have more like _______ different genes.
A. limitless; two to three billion
B. one million; 20,000
C. 30,000; 100,000
D. 100,000; 20,000
11. Except for the sperm and the egg, all cells in a normally developed human body have ______ pairs of
chromosomes.
A. 2
B. 4
C. 23
D. 46
12. Meiosis is the process by which a cell divides and then divides again, leaving:
A. four cells with 23 unpaired chromosomes.
B. three cells with 23 unpaired chromosomes.
C. six cells with 16 paired chromosomes.
D. four cells with 16 paired chromosomes.
13. Pats 23rd chromosome pair contains one X and one Y chromosome. This indicates that Pat:
A. has Down syndrome.
B. is male.
C. likely had a mother who used drugs and/or alcohol during her pregnancy.
D. may develop PKU if his/her diet is not carefully monitored.
14. Women have a ________ chromosome pairing, and men have a ________ chromosome pairing.
A. XX; XY
B. XY; XX
C. YY; XX
D. XX; YY
15. After fertilization of the egg by a sperm, a single cell is created that is known as a(n):
A. fetus.
B. zygote.
C. amoeba.
D. embryo.
16. A persons ________ refers to all of an individuals genetic material, including that which has and has not
yet been expressed.
A. genome
B. genotype
C. phenotype
D. genetic allele set
17. A phenotype can consist of ________ as well as ________ characteristics.
A. physical; environmental
B. conscious; unconscious
C. genetic; social
D. physical; psychological
18. When one gene overrides the potential of another gene to be expressed, masking it in a way, this gene is
exerting a ________ influence.
A. susceptibility
B. longevity
C. mutation-based
D. dominant
19. A recessive gene can only assert itself when:
A. both genes in a pair are recessive.
B. it is a stronger gene.
C. the environment is right.
D. there is an interaction between nature and nurture.
20. When it comes to the inheritance of an X-linked disease, which group has the best chance for inheritance?
A. females
B. males
C. European Americans
D. African Americans
21. It is virtually impossible to locate the genetic factors involved in most psychological characteristics
because of the concept of:
A. polygenic dominance.
B. polygenic inheritance.
C. polygenic influence.
D. polygenic counseling.
22. Which of the following explains a reason why chromosome abnormalities occur?
A. Chromosomes do not separate properly in meiosis.
B. The processes of mitosis and meiosis get reversed.
C. Environmental influences cause a zygote to form without the fusion of a sperm and egg.
D. None of these can explain why chromosomal abnormalities occur.
23. River has a round face, a flattened skull, an extra fold of skin over her eyelids, a thickened tongue, short
limbs, and retardation of motor and mental abilities. She is likely to have been born with:
A. Fragile X syndrome.
B. Klinefelter syndrome.
C. Down syndrome.
D. XYY syndrome.
24. With what sex-linked syndrome does a man have an extra X chromosome?
A. Down syndrome.
B. Fragile X syndrome.
C. Klinefelter syndrome.
D. Turner syndrome.
25. Hans is tall and has undeveloped testes and developed unusually large breasts for a man. What sex-linked
disorder does he have?
A. Fragile X syndrome
B. Down syndrome
C. Klinefelter syndrome
D. Turner syndrome
26. Fragile X syndrome is usually characterized by some sort of mental deficiency. This deficiency could
include having:
A. mental retardation.
B. a short attention span.
C. a learning disability.
D. any of these.
27. Sandra excels in reading and spelling but struggles with mathematics. She is shorter than her peers and
was born without ovaries. Sandra most likely has:
A. Turner syndrome.
B. Fragile X syndrome.
C. Klinefelter syndrome.
D. XXO syndrome.
28. Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that results in the inability to metabolize ______, which is an amino
acid.
A. ketonuria.
B. phenylalanine.
C. phenamoxide.
D. ketonalanine.
29. Mateo is on a strict diet because his parents are aware that he cannot metabolize a certain amino acid.
Buildup of this amino acid in his system could result in mental retardation. Mateo has:
A. Down syndrome.
B. Phenylketonuria (PKU).
C. Sickle-cell anemia.
D. Huntington disease.
30. In this genetic disorder, the bodys red blood cells take on a hook shape instead of the normal round
shape.
A. hemophilia.
B. sickle-cell anemia.
C. thrombocytopenia.
D. agranulocytosis.
31. Emanuel is a 25-year-old African American. He is constantly anemic because of an abnormality in his
blood. Emanuel has:
A. hemophilia.
B. sickle-cell anemia.
C. thrombocytopenia.
D. agranulocytosis.
32. Which of the following is NOT a gene-linked abnormality mentioned by your textbook?
A. diabetes
B. hemophilia
C. Tay-Sachs disease
D. autistic disorder
33. Lindsay wants to study a field where she will be able to discover the influence of heredity and the
environment on individual differences in human traits and development. She has a particular interest in
studying the differences between identical and fraternal twin pairs. Her advisor should suggest that she
apply to a graduate program in ______.
A. behavioral genetics
B. evolutionary developmental psychology
C. experimental psychiatry
D. molecular biophysics.
34. Using a twin study, Professor Jones has just found that identical twins were more likely to both develop a
conduct disorder than were fraternal twins. He has decided to announce to the world that, clearly, conduct
disorder is determined by ones genes. His colleagues suggested, however, that he use caution when
interpreting these findings because:
A. the environments of identical twins may be more similar than the environments of fraternal twins.
B. parents and other adults may stress the differences between identical twins more than those of fraternal
twins.
C. identical twins may be less likely to play with each other than are fraternal twins.
D. identical twins may share a secret language.
35. Rachel has always enjoyed reading. Now that she is a parent, she provides her daughter with many books
to read, hoping the child also will learn to enjoy reading. How do behavior geneticists refer to this type of
correlation between heredity and environment?
A. passive genotype-environment correlation
B. evocative genotype-environment correlation
C. influential genotype-environment correlation
D. active (niche-picking) genotype-environment correlation
36. Jessica is a very attractive teenager with beautiful brown eyes and high cheekbones. She is constantly
receiving compliments about her looks and being asked out on dates. Her genes have influenced her
environment in the following manner:
A. There is passive genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her environment.
B. There is evocative genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her environment.
C. There is an influential genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her environment.
D. There is an active (niche-picking) genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her
environment.
37. People seek out environments that are consistent with their genetic makeup. For example, outgoing
children may join the drama club or speech/debate team. This is an example of a(n):
A. passive genotype-environment correlation.
B. evocative genotype-environment correlation.
C. influential genotype-environment correlation.
D. active (niche-picking) genotype-environment correlation.
38. Which view, proposed by Gilbert Gottlieb, suggests that development is an ongoing bidirectional
interaction between heredity and the environment?
A. epigenetic
B. biosocial
C. sociogenetic
D. epidemiographic
39. While Sallys mother was pregnant with her, she smoked and drank alcohol, which adversely affected
Sallys lung development. After Sally was born, she was placed into an environment with two parents
who smoked. As Sally continued to develop, she was diagnosed with asthma, a breathing disorder. The
development of this disorder could be explained by the concept of:
A. the biomedical model.
B. the biopsychosocial model.
C. the epigenetic view.
D. the medicopsychological theory.
40. Some recent research discussed by your author has found that individuals who have a genetic
predisposition to develop depression only have an elevated risk if they also lives that are high in stress.
This research supports the theory of a _________ interaction.
A. genotype x phenotype
B. polygentic
C. gene x environment
D. passive evocative
41. Which of the following is a correct statement regarding heredity-environment interaction?
A. The relative contributions of heredity and of environment are additive.
B. Genetic loading and complex environments combine in development.
C. Full genetic expression happens once, around conception or at birth.
D. Genes produce proteins over life in only a few certain environments.
42. The current view that people may have a propensity for a particular developmental trajectory (or path) is
called:
A. epigenetics.
B. biobehaviorism.
C. biodevelopment.
D. genetic loading.
43. The germinal period of development takes place in the ________ after conception.
A. first 2 weeks
B. first week
C. 3 days
D. first week and a half
44. The period of development that includes the creation of the zygote, attachment to the uterine wall, and
continued cell division is known as the ________ period.
A. gamete
B. cytocyst
C. blastocyst
D. germinal
45. Approximately 1 week after conception, the developing organism is called a(n):
A. trophoblast.
B. blastocyst.
C. endoblast.
D. cytocyst.
46. Implantation of the blastocyst to the uterine wall occurs at about ________ days after conception.
A. 6
B. 8
C. 14
D. 21
47. Which of the following is the period of development that occurs 2 to 8 weeks after conception?
A. embryonic
B. fetal
C. placental
D. metastatic
48. The outermost layer of the embryo, which becomes the nervous system, sensory receptors, and skin, is
called the:
A. mesoderm.
B. cytoderm.
C. endoderm.
D. ectoderm.
49. When baby Juan was born, he had problems with his sensory systems. There were noticeable defects in
his eyes, ears, and nose. Most likely, Juans problems came from defects in the formation of the:
A. ectoderm.
B. endoderm.
C. mesoderm.
D. trophoblast.
50. A group of tissues in which small blood vessels from the mother and offspring intertwine but do not join
is the:
A. amnion.
B. placenta.
C. embryo.
D. umbilical cord.
51. Juanita is having a normal pregnancy, and everything is developing well. She has, however, recently
picked up an infection, and bacteria have accumulated in her bloodstream. We know that most likely:
A. many of these bacteria will be passed on to her fetus.
B. the bacteria will be eliminated inside of the amniotic fluid.
C. the bacteria will latch on to the ectoderm layer in the fetus.
D. the bacteria cannot cross the placenta to reach the fetus.
52. Marta recently went to see her doctor and learned that her unborn child was not receiving enough oxygen
or nutrients from her. She was informed that there was a problem with the:
A. placenta.
B. embryo.
C. umbilical cord.
D. amnion.
53. The structure that contains clear fluid in which the developing embryo floats is called the:
A. amnion.
B. placenta.
C. embryo.
D. umbilical cord.
54. The fetal period begins ________ months after conception and lasts until birth.
A. 4
B. 5
C. 2
D. 3
55. By the end of the fifth month, the fetus weighs approximately ______.
A. 3 ounces
B. 6 ounces
C. 16 ounces (1 pound)
D. 32 ounces (2 pounds)
56. Sidney is expecting her first child. She has just recently begun to feel kicking movements. Sidney is most
likely in the ________ month of her pregnancy.
A. second
B. fourth
C. sixth
D. seventh
57. The earliest point at which a fetus can have a chance to survive outside the womb is at:
A. around 12 weeks.
B. around 18 weeks.
C. around 24 weeks.
D. around 28 weeks.
58. At birth, the average American baby weighs ________ pounds and is approximately ________ inches
long.
A. 7 pounds; 20 inches
B. 6 pounds; 18 inches
C. 5 pounds; 15 inches
D. 8 pounds; 22 inches
59. By the time a baby is born, (s)he will have approximately _________ neurons.
A. 10 million
B. 100 million
C. 1 billion
D. 100 billion
60. At what period of prenatal development do neurons begin to develop connections with each other?
A. at the moment of conception
B. when the zygote implants in the uterine wall
C. around 23 weeks of development near the age of viability
D. around 38 weeks, just before birth occurs
61. This is a prenatal medical procedure where high-frequency sound waves are directed into the womens
abdomen.
A. chorionic villus sampling
B. triple screen
C. amniocentesis
D. ultrasound sonography
62. Which of the following is the most invasive prenatal test?
A. chorionic villus sampling
B. ultrasound sonography
C. amniocentesis
D. fetal MRI
63. This is a prenatal medical procedure where a sample of amniotic fluid is withdrawn by syringe and tested
for chromosomal or metabolic disorders.
A. chorionic villus sampling
B. triple screen
C. amniocentesis
D. ultrasound sonography
64. Maternal blood screening identifies pregnancies that have an elevated risk for birth defects such as:
A. Down syndrome
B. spina bifida.
C. both Down syndrome and spina bifida.
D. neither Down syndrome nor spina bifida.
65. Sheila is pregnant and has a family history of spina bifida. Which test would be used to determine
whether her fetus has this defect?
A. ultrasound
B. in vitro fertilization test
C. chorionic villus sampling
D. maternal blood screening
66. Which of the following is NOT a possible explanation for infertility in a woman?
A. a lack of ovulation
B. blocked fallopian tubes
C. alcohol use
D. a condition that prevents implantation of a fertilized ovum into the uterus.
67. David and Kelly are seeking help for infertility problems. Under their physicians guidance, they decide
to undergo a procedure in which one of Kellys eggs is combined in a laboratory dish with her husbands
sperm. What procedure is this?
A. gamete transfer
B. intracytoplasmic sperm injection
C. zygote intrafallopian transfer
D. in vitro fertilization
68. Dan and Michelle have been having difficulty conceiving a child, so theyve decided to try in-vitro
fertilization to start a family. One of the risks of this assisted reproductive technology that they should
know about is that:
A. at least half of all children conceived via IVF will have some form of developmental delay.
B. 25-30 percent of conceptions that occur using IVF result in multiple births (e.g., twins, triplets, etc.).
C. the rate of miscarriage from IVF is nearly 20 times that from traditional conception.
D. IVF ordinarily takes two to three years to result in a successful conception.
69. A teratogen is any agent that can cause:
A. early birth.
B. birth defects.
C. fetal movement.
D. maternal discomfort.
70. During which period of development is the unborn baby MOST AT RISK of developing a structural
defect because of the effects of a teratogen?
A. at conception
B. during the germinal period
C. during the embryonic period
D. during the fetal period
71. Sylvia has severe cystic acne and is taking Accutane, a drug prescribed by her doctor. She has just
discovered that she is pregnant. Her doctor should tell her to:
A. continue to take Accutane for her acne until she is 4 months pregnant.
B. stop taking Accutane immediately.
C.continue to take Accutane but be sure to come to her prenatal appointments for regular monitoring of
the development of her baby.
D. stop taking Accutane right now, and resume taking it when she is 7 months pregnant.
72. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a psychoactive drug?
A. It is always addictive.
B. It can change moods.
C. It can modify perceptions.
D. It acts on the nervous system.
73. ________ drugs act on the nervous system to alter states of consciousness, modify perceptions, and
change moods.
A. Psychotropic
B. Psychiatric
C. c, Psychologic
D. Psychoactive
74. Research suggests that mothers who drink 200 milligrams or more of caffeine a day increase their risk
of:
A. nothing; this amount of caffeine is safe.
B. having a miscarriage.
C. having a stillborn baby.
D. having a baby that later dies of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
75. The Food and Drug Administration recommends the following:
A. Pregnant women should consume no caffeine or consume it sparingly.
B. Exposure of the mother to secondhand smoke will not harm the fetus.
C. Pregnant women can safely drink one glass of wine or beer per day.
D. Cocaine used in the last months of pregnancy will not harm the fetus.
76. Sequoia is pregnant and drinks heavily 3 to 4 days a week. Her unborn child is at a high risk for
developing:
A. embryonic poisoning.
B. a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
C. infantile amnesia.
D. sudden infant death syndrome.
77. Koko has decided to continue smoking while pregnant. She is placing her baby at risk for all of the
following, EXCEPT:
A. sudden infant death syndrome.
B. respiratory problems.
C. low birth weight.
D. mild mental retardation.
78. Which of the following is more likely to occur in the child of a woman who smokes?
A. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
B. mental retardation
C. autism spectrum disorder
D. reactive attachment disorder
79. Angelo is 5 years old and has a poor attention span. He often fidgets and is impulsive. It is possible that
Angelos mother used _______ when pregnant.
A. nicotine
B. cocaine
C. caffeine
D. marijuana
80. All of the following are alternative possible contributors to problems found in the children of cocaine
users, EXCEPT:
A. marijuana use.
B. poverty.
C. alcohol use.
D. mental illness.
81. Michael was adopted at birth. His adoptive parents notice that Michael cries all the time. His body often
shakes, and he reacts slowly to the things around him. They suspect that Michaels mother was using
_______ when pregnant with him.
A. heroin
B. caffeine
C. alcohol
D. marijuana
82. Jasmine and her fetus are Rh incompatible. This means that:
A. the fetus will need a blood transfusion immediately after birth.
B. the fetuss immune system will attack the mothers blood during the fetal stage.
C. Jasmine has type A blood, while her fetus has type B blood.
D. Jasmine may produce antibodies that will attack the fetus.
83. Syphilis is different from rubella in that syphilis:
A. attacks only the nervous system.
B. does not affect organogenesis.
C. mainly scars the circulatory system.
D. affects organogenesis.
84. About ________ of all children who are born through the birth canal of a mother infected with active
genital herpes die.
A. one-third
B. one-half
C. one-fourth
D. one-fifth
85. Mara is pregnant, and she recently watched a news program about the negative effects of mercury on a
fetus. To alleviate her fears about mercury poisoning, Mara should limit eating:
A. beef.
B. pork.
C. fish.
D. chicken.
86. Alissa is 30 pounds overweight and just learned that she is pregnant. Her fetus runs the risk of:
A. low birth weight.
B. anemia.
C. prematurity.
D. intrauterine death.
87. What does Popeye have in common with a pregnant woman?
A. They both benefit by eating spinach
B. They both have a problem with bulging muscles
C. They both have a tattoo of an anchor
D. They both like to hang out on boats
88. Which of the following disorders is LEAST likely to happen to a mother 16 to 34 years old?
A. Bells palsy
B. Down syndrome
C. Klinefelter syndrome
D. Turner syndrome
89. Maternal stress is negatively correlated with a babys:
A. intelligence.
B. language development.
C. heart rate.
D. growth rate.
90. The second stage of childbirth begins with the _______ and ends with the _____.
A. emergence of the childs head; delivery of the placenta
B. opening of the cervix; delivery of the child out of the mother
C. movement of the childs head through the cervix; emergence of the child out of the mother
D. opening of the cervix; delivery of the placenta
91. The third stage of childbirth consists of:
A. expulsion of placenta and umbilical cord.
B. the introduction of the child to the mother.
C. the complete delivery of the infant.
D. the cutting of the umbilical cord.
92. In which of the following countries is a child most likely to be born to a mother who was assisted by a
midwife as opposed to a physician?
A. Holland
B. Japan
C. The United States
D. Kuwait
93. As opposed to physicians, doulas tend to:
A. spend more time with mothers and give more emotional support.
B. spend less time with mothers but give more emotional support.
C. give less emotional support but spend more time with mothers.
D. play mostly an educational role, giving some emotional support.
94. Gisela is having her first baby and has received a drug that will numb the entire lower area of her body
during labor. Gisela has been given a(n):
A. epidural block.
B. oxytocic.
C. analgesic.
D. hormone.
95. Natural childbirth consists of all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. education.
B. breathing.
C. relaxation.
D. medication.
96. The Apgar scale is a method used to assess the health of newborns. A score of 3 would:
A. indicate that the newborns condition is good.
B. signal that there may be some developmental difficulties.
C. signal an emergency because the babys survival is in doubt.
D. indicate that the evaluator has not made a proper reading.
97. The doctor has just told Luka and Steve that their baby scored below 3 on the _______ given within
minutes of birth. As a result, the baby will be rushed to intensive care for treatment and observation.
A. Apgar scale
B. preterm outcome test
C. Rogers-Randall Assessment
D. Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale
98. Dakota was born after 40 weeks of gestation and weighed 4 pounds. Dakota would be considered:
A. a preterm infant.
B. very low birth weight.
C. of low birth weight.
D. normal or average.
99. Malorie was born in her mothers 32nd week of pregnancy. Malorie would be termed a ________
baby.
A. preterm
B. small for date
C. low birth weight
D. normal
100.Juan-Carlos was born full term but was underweight for his gestational age. He would be considered:
A. preterm.
B. premature.
C. low birth weight.
D. small for date.
101.Kangaroo care with preterm infants has been found to stabilize all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. heartbeat.
B. temperature.
C. sleeping.
D. breathing.
102.When compared with preterm infants who do not receive massage, preterm infants who receive
massage:
A. have better overall health.
B. have the same health.
C. have worse overall health.
D. have varying degrees of health problems.
103.Asia is very tired after the birth of her baby, and she wants the baby to stay in the nursery so that she can
sleep and recover. Research on bonding suggests that if the baby does spend time in the nursery away
from Asia, then:
A. the opportunity to bond will be lost.
B. Asia can still bond with her baby.
C. the baby may bond more with the father than with Asia.
D. Asia may bond with the baby, but the baby will not bond with Asia.
104.Michael and Jessica are having their first child and have told their physician they would like a rooming-in
arrangement during their hospital stay. This means that:
A. Michael can stay overnight in Jessicas room.
B. Jessicas hospital room will be more like a nursery.
C. Jessicas newborn baby will stay with her in her room.
D. Jessicas family members can stay in her room and visit.
105.The process by which the uterus returns to its prepregnant size 5 to 6 weeks after birth is known as:
A. plastication.
B. homeostasis.
C. elastation.
D. involution.
106.Judy has a new baby at home. During this postpartum period, Judy will need to:
A. rely as little as she can on external family supports.
B. ignore her other children and give her baby most of her attention.
C. learn to let the father take care of the baby, because she will be unable.
D. learn how to take care of the baby and feel good about herself as a mother.
107.Mariah had a new baby last month. Mariah cries and worries a lot, is depressed, and has trouble coping
with her daily activities. Given what researchers know about the postpartum period, Mariah:
A. is having a normal reaction.
B. will score low on the Apgar scale.
C. should relax and help herself adjust.
D. should seek professional counseling or assistance.
108.Duvons wife has just given birth to their son. It is possible that in the weeks after the son is born, Duvon
may feel:
A. no postpartum reaction.
B. fearful about his newfound responsibilities.
C. angry that his baby demands so much time.
D. upset that the baby comes first.
109.This theorist suggested that development is an ongoing bidirectional interaction between heredity and the
environment. This position is called the epigenetic view.
110.This French obstetrician developed the prepared childbirth method.
111.A psychological perspective that emphasizes the importance of adaptation, reproduction, and survival of
the fittest in shaping behavior.
112.A complex molecule, with a double helix shape, that contains genetic information.
113.Threadlike structures that contain DNA. Arranged in pairs, the normal human body contains 23 of these
structures.
114.Short segments of DNA located on the chromosomes. These are considered to be the basic units of
hereditary information.
115.The observable characteristics of an individuals genetic makeup.
116.The interaction of many different genes to produce an inherited characteristic.
117.A chromosomal abnormality that is characterized by an extra copy of chromosome 21. A person with this
disorder typically has a round face, a flattened skull, an extra fold of skin over the eyelids, a protruding
tongue, short limbs, and retardation of motor and mental abilities.
118.A sex-linked chromosomal abnormality that is characterized by a male having an extra X chromosome
(XXY). A man with this disorder typically has undeveloped testes and develops enlarged breasts.
119.A sex-linked chromosomal disorder resulting from an abnormality in the X chromosome which often
becomes constricted and may break. This disorder occurs more frequently in males than in females. A
person with this disorder typically has some sort of mental deficiency such as mental retardation, a short
attention span, or a learning disability.
120.A sex-linked chromosomal disorder in females in which either an X chromosome is missing (XO) or part
of one X chromosome is deleted. Females with this disorder are usually short in stature, have a webbed
neck, and are often infertile.
121.A genetic disorder in which the individual cannot effectively metabolize phenylalanine (an amino acid).
If a childs diet is not modified to prevent an excess accumulation of the phenylalanine, this amino acid is
stored, resulting in mental retardation and hyperactivity.
122.A genetic disorder, occurring primarily in African Americans, in which the bodys red blood cells take
on a hook shape instead of the normal round shape. This abnormally shaped blood cell is unable to carry
oxygen properly, so the affected individual usually develops anemia.
123.A heredity-environment correlation where individuals seek out environments consistent with their genetic
makeup.
124.The prenatal period of development takes place in the first 2 weeks after conception. It includes the
creation of the zygote, cell division, and the attachment of the zygote to the uterine wall.
125.The period of prenatal development that occurs 2 to 8 weeks after conception. During this time, the rate
of cell differentiation intensifies, support systems for the cells form, and organs appear.
126.The prenatal period of development that begins 2 months after conception and lasts for 7 months.
127.One of the three layers of cells of the embryo. This is the inner layer of cells that will develop into the
digestive and respiratory systems.
128.This is one of the life-support systems of the embryo. It contains two arteries and one vein connecting the
baby to the placenta.
129.This is one of the life-support systems of the embryo. It is a disk-shaped group of tissues in which small
blood vessels from the mother and the offspring intertwine. Oxygen, water, salt, and food from the
mothers blood are passed to the embryo. Carbon dioxide and digestive wastes from the embryo pass to
the mother.
130.The name given to the process of organ formation during the first 2 months of prenatal development.
131.A prenatal test designed to assess whether a fetus is developing normally. With this procedure, highfrequency
sound waves are directed into the womens abdomen. The echo from the sounds is transformed
into a visual representation of the fetuss inner structures.
132.A prenatal test designed to assess whether a fetus is developing normally. With this procedure, a sample
of amniotic fluid is withdrawn by syringe and tested for chromosomal or metabolic disorders.
133.Any agent that can potentially cause a birth defect or negatively alter cognitive and behavioral outcomes
of the developing baby.
134.Drugs that act on the nervous system to alter states of consciousness, modify perceptions, and change
moods.
135.A cluster of abnormalities that appears in the offspring of mothers who drink heavy amounts of alcohol
during pregnancy.
136.A kind of drug used late in the first stage of labor and during expulsion of the baby to block
consciousness or to block sensation in part of the mothers body. An epidural block is one example.
137.A kind of drug used to stimulate contractions in a pregnant woman.
138.The babys position in the uterus that causes the buttocks to be the first part to emerge from the
vagina.
139.A delivery in which the baby is removed from the mothers uterus through an incision (made by the
doctor) in her abdomen.
140.A widely used method to asses the health of newborns at 1 and 5 minutes after birth. It is used to evaluate
such things as the infants heart rate, body color, and reflex irritability.
141.An infant that weighs less than 5 pounds at birth.
142.An infant that is born 3 or more weeks before the pregnancy has reached its full term.
143.A way of holding a preterm infant so that there is skin-to-skin contact.
144.The period immediately after childbirth when the mother adjusts, both physically and psychologically, to
the process of childbirth.
145.The process by which the uterus returns to its prepregnant size 5 to 6 weeks after birth.
146.A major depressive episode that typically occurs in mothers about 4 weeks after delivery of a baby. It is
characterized by strong feelings of sadness, anxiety, or despair.
147.List and briefly explain three of the ideas proposed by evolutionary developmental
psychology.
148.List four genetic disorders associated with sex-chromosome
abnormalities.
149.List the three ways in which behavior geneticists believe heredity
and environment interact, and describe/define the nature of these
interactions.
150.Describe the three layers of cells that develop at the beginning of the embryonic
period.
151.List the three periods of prenatal
development.
152.List the three life-support systems that develop during the embryonic period for
babies.
153.List at least three possible causes of infertility in women and in
men.
154.List three factors that influence the severity of the damage from
teratogens.
155.List at least five general categories of
teratogens.
156.List at least three effects of nicotine on fetal
development.
157.List at least three environmental hazards that can endanger the
fetus.
158.List at least two paternal factors that can impact fetal
development.
159.Name and briefly define/describe the three stages of the birthing
process.
160.List the four methods of
delivery.
161.List four of the five health signs evaluated by the Apgar
scale.
162.List and define/describe the three different types of low birth weight infants. Note: Low, very low, and
extremely low birth weights would count as one of the three answers. You may not use all three to answer
this question.
163.List at least four potential negative outcomes associated with low birth weight in
babies.
164.List at least three signs that indicate a woman in the postpartum stage of pregnancy may need
professional counseling.
165.Briefly describe why males are more likely to show the signs of an X-linked disorder, and name one.
166.Describe the three main periods of prenatal development.
167.Define fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), and list two (physical and/or mental) abnormalities in
the child that are associated with FAS.
2 Key
1. The study of human evolution was first explored by:
A. Sigmund Freud.
B. Charles Darwin.
C. Stephen Hawking.
D. Wilhelm Wundt.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Natural Selection and Adaptive Behavior
Santrock Chapter 02 #1
2. According to evolutionary theory, there is a specific reason that certain animals live in the regions that
they do. Polar bears, for instance, are found only in the Arctic regions of the world. An evolutionary
theorist would say that the polar bear was best adapted for this type of environment, unlike a grizzly
bear, who would freeze to death. In this case, the polar bear is a good example of:
A. how to keep warm.
B. adaptive coloration.
C. natural selection.
D. the idea that all creatures have their own niche.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Natural Selection and Adaptive Behavior
Santrock Chapter 02 #2
3. Evolutionary psychology suggests that the way in which people develop is:
A. adaptive.
B. maladaptive.
C. random and based on chance.
D. based on their particular genetics.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Conceptual
Page Reference: Evolutionary Psychology
Santrock Chapter 02 #3
4. Which of the following animals has the largest brain?
A. Lemur
B. Gibbon
C. Rhesus
D. Gorilla
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Evolutionary Developmental Psychology
Santrock Chapter 02 #4
5. Evolutionary developmental psychology argues that many evolved psychological mechanisms are
_________, which means that they apply only to a specific part of an individuals makeup.
A. cephalocaudal in pattern
B. domain-specific
C. adaptive in contemporary society
D. bidirectional
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Evolutionary Developmental Psychology
Santrock Chapter 02 #5
6. As a criticism of evolutionary psychology, Albert Bandura proposed a:
A. directional view.
B. bidirectional view.
C. unidirectional view.
D. quasi-directional view.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Evaluating Evolutionary Psychology
Santrock Chapter 02 #6
7. In 1981 Steven Jay Gould concluded that in most domains of human functioning, biology allows a
broad range of ________ possibilities.
A. human
B. creative
C. diverse
D. cultural
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Evaluating Evolutionary Psychology
Santrock Chapter 02 #7
8. The units of hereditary information that are compromised of short segments of DNA are ______.
A. RNA
B. chromosomes
C. genes
D. genomes
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Genetic Foundations of Development
Santrock Chapter 02 #8
9. A complex molecule that has a double-helix shape and contains genetic information is:
A. a chromosome.
B. RNA.
C. DNA.
D. a gene.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Genetic Foundations of Development
Santrock Chapter 02 #9
10. Although it was originally thought that human beings have around _______ genes, recent research
into the human genome suggests that we probably have more like _______ different genes.
A. limitless; two to three billion
B. one million; 20,000
C. 30,000; 100,000
D. 100,000; 20,000
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Genetic Foundations of Development
Santrock Chapter 02 #10
11. Except for the sperm and the egg, all cells in a normally developed human body have ______ pairs of
chromosomes.
A. 2
B. 4
C. 23
D. 46
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Fertilization
Santrock Chapter 02 #11
12. Meiosis is the process by which a cell divides and then divides again, leaving:
A. four cells with 23 unpaired chromosomes.
B. three cells with 23 unpaired chromosomes.
C. six cells with 16 paired chromosomes.
D. four cells with 16 paired chromosomes.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Fertilization
Santrock Chapter 02 #12
13. Pats 23rd chromosome pair contains one X and one Y chromosome. This indicates that Pat:
A. has Down syndrome.
B. is male.
C. likely had a mother who used drugs and/or alcohol during her pregnancy.
D. may develop PKU if his/her diet is not carefully monitored.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Fertilization
Santrock Chapter 02 #13
14. Women have a ________ chromosome pairing, and men have a ________ chromosome pairing.
A. XX; XY
B. XY; XX
C. YY; XX
D. XX; YY
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Fertilization
Santrock Chapter 02 #14
15. After fertilization of the egg by a sperm, a single cell is created that is known as a(n):
A. fetus.
B. zygote.
C. amoeba.
D. embryo.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Fertilization
Santrock Chapter 02 #15
16. A persons ________ refers to all of an individuals genetic material, including that which has and has
not yet been expressed.
A. genome
B. genotype
C. phenotype
D. genetic allele set
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Sources of Variability
Santrock Chapter 02 #16
17. A phenotype can consist of ________ as well as ________ characteristics.
A. physical; environmental
B. conscious; unconscious
C. genetic; social
D. physical; psychological
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Sources of Variability
Santrock Chapter 02 #17
18. When one gene overrides the potential of another gene to be expressed, masking it in a way, this gene
is exerting a ________ influence.
A. susceptibility
B. longevity
C. mutation-based
D. dominant
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Conceptual
Page Reference: Dominant and Recessive Genes
Santrock Chapter 02 #18
19. A recessive gene can only assert itself when:
A. both genes in a pair are recessive.
B. it is a stronger gene.
C. the environment is right.
D. there is an interaction between nature and nurture.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Conceptual
Page Reference: Dominant and Recessive Genes
Santrock Chapter 02 #19
20. When it comes to the inheritance of an X-linked disease, which group has the best chance for
inheritance?
A. females
B. males
C. European Americans
D. African Americans
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Conceptual
Page Reference: Sex-Linked Genes
Santrock Chapter 02 #20
21. It is virtually impossible to locate the genetic factors involved in most psychological characteristics
because of the concept of:
A. polygenic dominance.
B. polygenic inheritance.
C. polygenic influence.
D. polygenic counseling.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Conceptual
Page Reference: Polygenic Inheritance
Santrock Chapter 02 #21
22. Which of the following explains a reason why chromosome abnormalities occur?
A. Chromosomes do not separate properly in meiosis.
B. The processes of mitosis and meiosis get reversed.
C. Environmental influences cause a zygote to form without the fusion of a sperm and egg.
D. None of these can explain why chromosomal abnormalities occur.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Chromosome Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #22
23. River has a round face, a flattened skull, an extra fold of skin over her eyelids, a thickened tongue,
short limbs, and retardation of motor and mental abilities. She is likely to have been born with:
A. Fragile X syndrome.
B. Klinefelter syndrome.
C. Down syndrome.
D. XYY syndrome.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Down Syndrome
Santrock Chapter 02 #23
24. With what sex-linked syndrome does a man have an extra X chromosome?
A. Down syndrome.
B. Fragile X syndrome.
C. Klinefelter syndrome.
D. Turner syndrome.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Sex-Linked Chromosome Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #24
25. Hans is tall and has undeveloped testes and developed unusually large breasts for a man. What sexlinked
disorder does he have?
A. Fragile X syndrome
B. Down syndrome
C. Klinefelter syndrome
D. Turner syndrome
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Sex-Linked Chromosome Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #25
26. Fragile X syndrome is usually characterized by some sort of mental deficiency. This deficiency could
include having:
A. mental retardation.
B. a short attention span.
C. a learning disability.
D. any of these.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Sex-Linked Chromosome Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #26
27. Sandra excels in reading and spelling but struggles with mathematics. She is shorter than her peers and
was born without ovaries. Sandra most likely has:
A. Turner syndrome.
B. Fragile X syndrome.
C. Klinefelter syndrome.
D. XXO syndrome.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Sex-Linked Chromosome Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #27
28. Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a disorder that results in the inability to metabolize ______, which is an
amino acid.
A. ketonuria.
B. phenylalanine.
C. phenamoxide.
D. ketonalanine.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Gene-Linked Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #28
29. Mateo is on a strict diet because his parents are aware that he cannot metabolize a certain amino acid.
Buildup of this amino acid in his system could result in mental retardation. Mateo has:
A. Down syndrome.
B. Phenylketonuria (PKU).
C. Sickle-cell anemia.
D. Huntington disease.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Gene-Linked Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #29
30. In this genetic disorder, the bodys red blood cells take on a hook shape instead of the normal round
shape.
A. hemophilia.
B. sickle-cell anemia.
C. thrombocytopenia.
D. agranulocytosis.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Gene-Linked Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #30
31. Emanuel is a 25-year-old African American. He is constantly anemic because of an abnormality in his
blood. Emanuel has:
A. hemophilia.
B. sickle-cell anemia.
C. thrombocytopenia.
D. agranulocytosis.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Gene-Linked Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #31
32. Which of the following is NOT a gene-linked abnormality mentioned by your textbook?
A. diabetes
B. hemophilia
C. Tay-Sachs disease
D. autistic disorder
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Gene-Linked Abnormalities
Santrock Chapter 02 #32
33. Lindsay wants to study a field where she will be able to discover the influence of heredity and the
environment on individual differences in human traits and development. She has a particular interest
in studying the differences between identical and fraternal twin pairs. Her advisor should suggest that
she apply to a graduate program in ______.
A. behavioral genetics
B. evolutionary developmental psychology
C. experimental psychiatry
D. molecular biophysics.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Behavior Genetics
Santrock Chapter 02 #33
34. Using a twin study, Professor Jones has just found that identical twins were more likely to both
develop a conduct disorder than were fraternal twins. He has decided to announce to the world that,
clearly, conduct disorder is determined by ones genes. His colleagues suggested, however, that he use
caution when interpreting these findings because:
A. the environments of identical twins may be more similar than the environments of fraternal twins.
B. parents and other adults may stress the differences between identical twins more than those of
fraternal twins.
C. identical twins may be less likely to play with each other than are fraternal twins.
D. identical twins may share a secret language.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Behavior Genetics
Santrock Chapter 02 #34
35. Rachel has always enjoyed reading. Now that she is a parent, she provides her daughter with many
books to read, hoping the child also will learn to enjoy reading. How do behavior geneticists refer to
this type of correlation between heredity and environment?
A. passive genotype-environment correlation
B. evocative genotype-environment correlation
C. influential genotype-environment correlation
D. active (niche-picking) genotype-environment correlation
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Heredity-Environment Correlations
Santrock Chapter 02 #35
36. Jessica is a very attractive teenager with beautiful brown eyes and high cheekbones. She is constantly
receiving compliments about her looks and being asked out on dates. Her genes have influenced her
environment in the following manner:
A. There is passive genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her environment.
B. There is evocative genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her environment.
C. There is an influential genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her environment.
D. There is an active (niche-picking) genotype-environment correlation between her genes and her
environment.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Heredity-Environment Correlations
Santrock Chapter 02 #36
37. People seek out environments that are consistent with their genetic makeup. For example, outgoing
children may join the drama club or speech/debate team. This is an example of a(n):
A. passive genotype-environment correlation.
B. evocative genotype-environment correlation.
C. influential genotype-environment correlation.
D. active (niche-picking) genotype-environment correlation.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Heredity-Environment Correlations
Santrock Chapter 02 #37
38. Which view, proposed by Gilbert Gottlieb, suggests that development is an ongoing bidirectional
interaction between heredity and the environment?
A. epigenetic
B. biosocial
C. sociogenetic
D. epidemiographic
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Epigenetic View
Santrock Chapter 02 #38
39. While Sallys mother was pregnant with her, she smoked and drank alcohol, which adversely affected
Sallys lung development. After Sally was born, she was placed into an environment with two parents
who smoked. As Sally continued to develop, she was diagnosed with asthma, a breathing disorder.
The development of this disorder could be explained by the concept of:
A. the biomedical model.
B. the biopsychosocial model.
C. the epigenetic view.
D. the medicopsychological theory.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: The Epigenetic View
Santrock Chapter 02 #39
40. Some recent research discussed by your author has found that individuals who have a genetic
predisposition to develop depression only have an elevated risk if they also lives that are high in
stress. This research supports the theory of a _________ interaction.
A. genotype x phenotype
B. polygentic
C. gene x environment
D. passive evocative
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Conceptual
Page Reference: Gene X Environment (G X E) Interaction
Santrock Chapter 02 #40
41. Which of the following is a correct statement regarding heredity-environment interaction?
A. The relative contributions of heredity and of environment are additive.
B. Genetic loading and complex environments combine in development.
C. Full genetic expression happens once, around conception or at birth.
D. Genes produce proteins over life in only a few certain environments.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Conclusions About Heredity-Environment Interaction
Santrock Chapter 02 #41
42. The current view that people may have a propensity for a particular developmental trajectory (or path)
is called:
A. epigenetics.
B. biobehaviorism.
C. biodevelopment.
D. genetic loading.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Conclusions About Heredity-Environment Interaction
Santrock Chapter 02 #42
43. The germinal period of development takes place in the ________ after conception.
A. first 2 weeks
B. first week
C. 3 days
D. first week and a half
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Germinal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #43
44. The period of development that includes the creation of the zygote, attachment to the uterine wall, and
continued cell division is known as the ________ period.
A. gamete
B. cytocyst
C. blastocyst
D. germinal
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Germinal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #44
45. Approximately 1 week after conception, the developing organism is called a(n):
A. trophoblast.
B. blastocyst.
C. endoblast.
D. cytocyst.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Germinal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #45
46. Implantation of the blastocyst to the uterine wall occurs at about ________ days after conception.
A. 6
B. 8
C. 14
D. 21
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Germinal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #46
47. Which of the following is the period of development that occurs 2 to 8 weeks after conception?
A. embryonic
B. fetal
C. placental
D. metastatic
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Embryonic Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #47
48. The outermost layer of the embryo, which becomes the nervous system, sensory receptors, and skin, is
called the:
A. mesoderm.
B. cytoderm.
C. endoderm.
D. ectoderm.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Embryonic Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #48
49. When baby Juan was born, he had problems with his sensory systems. There were noticeable defects
in his eyes, ears, and nose. Most likely, Juans problems came from defects in the formation of
the:
A. ectoderm.
B. endoderm.
C. mesoderm.
D. trophoblast.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: The Embryonic Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #49
50. A group of tissues in which small blood vessels from the mother and offspring intertwine but do not
join is the:
A. amnion.
B. placenta.
C. embryo.
D. umbilical cord.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Embryonic Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #50
51. Juanita is having a normal pregnancy, and everything is developing well. She has, however, recently
picked up an infection, and bacteria have accumulated in her bloodstream. We know that most
likely:
A. many of these bacteria will be passed on to her fetus.
B. the bacteria will be eliminated inside of the amniotic fluid.
C. the bacteria will latch on to the ectoderm layer in the fetus.
D. the bacteria cannot cross the placenta to reach the fetus.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: The Embryonic Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #51
52. Marta recently went to see her doctor and learned that her unborn child was not receiving enough
oxygen or nutrients from her. She was informed that there was a problem with the:
A. placenta.
B. embryo.
C. umbilical cord.
D. amnion.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: The Embryonic Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #52
53. The structure that contains clear fluid in which the developing embryo floats is called the:
A. amnion.
B. placenta.
C. embryo.
D. umbilical cord.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Embryonic Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #53
54. The fetal period begins ________ months after conception and lasts until birth.
A. 4
B. 5
C. 2
D. 3
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Fetal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #54
55. By the end of the fifth month, the fetus weighs approximately ______.
A. 3 ounces
B. 6 ounces
C. 16 ounces (1 pound)
D. 32 ounces (2 pounds)
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Fetal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #55
56. Sidney is expecting her first child. She has just recently begun to feel kicking movements. Sidney is
most likely in the ________ month of her pregnancy.
A. second
B. fourth
C. sixth
D. seventh
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: The Fetal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #56
57. The earliest point at which a fetus can have a chance to survive outside the womb is at:
A. around 12 weeks.
B. around 18 weeks.
C. around 24 weeks.
D. around 28 weeks.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Fetal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #57
58. At birth, the average American baby weighs ________ pounds and is approximately ________ inches
long.
A. 7 pounds; 20 inches
B. 6 pounds; 18 inches
C. 5 pounds; 15 inches
D. 8 pounds; 22 inches
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Fetal Period
Santrock Chapter 02 #58
59. By the time a baby is born, (s)he will have approximately _________ neurons.
A. 10 million
B. 100 million
C. 1 billion
D. 100 billion
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Brain
Santrock Chapter 02 #59
60. At what period of prenatal development do neurons begin to develop connections with each other?
A. at the moment of conception
B. when the zygote implants in the uterine wall
C. around 23 weeks of development near the age of viability
D. around 38 weeks, just before birth occurs
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: The Brain
Santrock Chapter 02 #60
61. This is a prenatal medical procedure where high-frequency sound waves are directed into the womens
abdomen.
A. chorionic villus sampling
B. triple screen
C. amniocentesis
D. ultrasound sonography
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Prenatal Tests
Santrock Chapter 02 #61
62. Which of the following is the most invasive prenatal test?
A. chorionic villus sampling
B. ultrasound sonography
C. amniocentesis
D. fetal MRI
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Prenatal Tests
Santrock Chapter 02 #62
63. This is a prenatal medical procedure where a sample of amniotic fluid is withdrawn by syringe and
tested for chromosomal or metabolic disorders.
A. chorionic villus sampling
B. triple screen
C. amniocentesis
D. ultrasound sonography
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Prenatal Tests
Santrock Chapter 02 #63
64. Maternal blood screening identifies pregnancies that have an elevated risk for birth defects such
as:
A. Down syndrome
B. spina bifida.
C. both Down syndrome and spina bifida.
D. neither Down syndrome nor spina bifida.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: Prenatal Tests
Santrock Chapter 02 #64
65. Sheila is pregnant and has a family history of spina bifida. Which test would be used to determine
whether her fetus has this defect?
A. ultrasound
B. in vitro fertilization test
C. chorionic villus sampling
D. maternal blood screening
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Prenatal Test
Santrock Chapter 02 #65
66. Which of the following is NOT a possible explanation for infertility in a woman?
A. a lack of ovulation
B. blocked fallopian tubes
C. alcohol use
D. a condition that prevents implantation of a fertilized ovum into the uterus.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Factual
Page Reference: Infertility and Reproductive Technology
Santrock Chapter 02 #66
67. David and Kelly are seeking help for infertility problems. Under their physicians guidance, they
decide to undergo a procedure in which one of Kellys eggs is combined in a laboratory dish with her
husbands sperm. What procedure is this?
A. gamete transfer
B. intracytoplasmic sperm injection
C. zygote intrafallopian transfer
D. in vitro fertilization
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Infertility and Reproductive Technology
Santrock Chapter 02 #67
68. Dan and Michelle have been having difficulty conceiving a child, so theyve decided to try in-vitro
fertilization to start a family. One of the risks of this assisted reproductive technology that they should
know about is that:
A. at least half of all children conceived via IVF will have some form of developmental delay.
B. 25-30 percent of conceptions that occur using IVF result in multiple births (e.g., twins, triplets,
etc.).
C. the rate of miscarriage from IVF is nearly 20 times that from traditional conception.
D. IVF ordinarily takes two to three years to result in a successful conception.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Infertility and Reproductive Technology
Santrock Chapter 02 #68
69. A teratogen is any agent that can cause:
A. early birth.
B. birth defects.
C. fetal movement.
D. maternal discomfort.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: General Principles
Santrock Chapter 02 #69
70. During which period of development is the unborn baby MOST AT RISK of developing a structural
defect because of the effects of a teratogen?
A. at conception
B. during the germinal period
C. during the embryonic period
D. during the fetal period
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Knowledge
Page Reference: General Principles
Santrock Chapter 02 #70
71. Sylvia has severe cystic acne and is taking Accutane, a drug prescribed by her doctor. She has just
discovered that she is pregnant. Her doctor should tell her to:
A. continue to take Accutane for her acne until she is 4 months pregnant.
B. stop taking Accutane immediately.
C.continue to take Accutane but be sure to come to her prenatal appointments for regular monitoring
of the development of her baby.
D. stop taking Accutane right now, and resume taking it when she is 7 months pregnant.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Applied
Page Reference: Prescription and Nonprescription Drugs
Santrock Chapter 02 #71
72. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a psychoactive drug?
A. It is always addictive.
B. It can change moods.
C. It can modify perceptions.
D. It acts on the nervous system.
Author: Santrock
Blooms: Conceptual
Page Reference: Psychoactive Drugs
Santrock

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here