Essentials of Understanding Abnormal Behavior 3rd Edition by David -Test Bank

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Essentials of Understanding Abnormal Behavior 3rd Edition by David -Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS
Essentials of Understanding Abnormal Behavior 3rd Edition by David -Test Bank

Chapter 2: Understanding and Treating Mental Disorders

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. What term is used to describe the cause of a disorder?
a. genesis c. psychiatric underpinnings
b. etiology d. psychological underpinnings

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Introduction

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.1 Identify and describe the models of psychopathology that have been used to explain abnormal behavior.  KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. A psychologist who uses the words neurological makeup when discussing disorders is most likely using which model?
a. social c. sociocultural
b. psychological d. biological

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   One-Dimensional Models of Mental Disorders

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.1 Identify and describe the models of psychopathology that have been used to explain abnormal behavior.  KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Models are often utilized by scientists to ____.
a. provide a clear and definitive explanation for a phenomenon
b. describe or explain a phenomenon they cannot directly observe
c. directly observe a phenomenon with unobservable causes
d. infer a phenomenon from something more abstract

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   One-Dimensional Models of Mental Disorders

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.1 Identify and describe the models of psychopathology that have been used to explain abnormal behavior.  KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. An assumption of the multipath model of abnormality is that ____.
a. the biological perspective best explains the complexities of human behavior
b. most psychological disorders are due to one or two primary factors
c. biological, psychological and social factors contribute equally to most disorders
d. different individuals exposed to different factors may develop similar mental disorders

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   A Multipath Model of Mental Disorders

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.2 Describe the multipath model of mental disorders.

KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Which factor is a biological explanation of psychopathology?
a. family interactions c. early childhood experiences
b. neurological dysfunctions d. behaviors learned in the environment

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   One-Dimensional Models of Mental Disorders

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.1 Identify and describe the models of psychopathology that have been used to explain abnormal behavior.  KEY: Blooms: Understand

  1. Forebrain is to ____ as hindbrain is to ____.
a. alertness and attention; language, thought, and memory
b. serotonin-based systems; dopamine-based systems
c. higher mental functions; basic bodily functions and instincts
d. visual and spatial abilities; emotions and motivation

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. The function of neural dendrites is to ____.
a. release neurotransmitters
b. receive signals from other neurons
c. bind to receptors of other neurons
d. trigger synaptic excitation of other neurons

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Which statement about neurotransmitters is accurate?
a. Neurotransmitters are released by dendrites and reabsorbed by the neuron body.
b. Abnormal neurotransmitter levels may be associated with symptoms of mental disorders.
c. Neurotransmitters have only excitatory effects on the human nervous system.
d. Neurotransmitters send neural impulses to the axons of receiving neurons.

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Dopamine is related to several mental disorders, including ____.
a. anxiety and depression
b. Parkinsons disease and schizophrenia
c. obsessive-compulsive disorder and Parkinsons disease
d. schizophrenia and depression

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Because Joan suffers from depression, Dr. Adler has prescribed a medication that alters the reuptake of ____ and increases its availability in her brain. For Justin, who suffers from anxiety, Dr. Adler prescribes a drug that affects receptor reactivity to ____.
a. serotonin; GABA c. dopamine; acetylcholine
b. GABA; serotonin d. acetylcholine; dopamine

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. A persons observable physical or behavioral characteristics are the ____.
a. same thing as their genotype c. result of environmental factors only
b. result of inheritance only d. same thing as their phenotype

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

  1. Which statement about the biological model is accurate?
a. It has helped find effective drugs for treating disorders.
b. It has received support from diathesis-stress theory.
c. It has identified brain abnormalities for most mental disorders.
d. It has proven that inheritance is the direct cause of most disorders.

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. The scientific field that studies the effects of drugs on the mind and behavior is called ____.
a. psychopharmaceuticals c. psychopharmacology
b. pharmaceuticals d. pharmacology

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. The two main distinguishing ideas in the psychodynamic model are that ____.
a. disorders result from childhood experiences and anxieties operate unconsciously
b. the causes of disorders are largely conscious and culture determines the symptoms
c. diathesis is a predisposition to illness and stress is an environmental trigger for illness
d. abnormalities are inherited or the result of mutations and symptoms start with biology

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Which drug is most likely to be prescribed for a patient suffering from depression?
a. a benzodiazepine c. a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
b. chlorpromazine d. lithium

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension One: Biological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.3 Describe how mental disorders can be explained through our biological makeup.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Leesa is prone to wanting to reason everything out. When she has to make a decision, she often creates lists of the pros and cons of her choices. From a psychodynamic point of view, Leesa is relying most on her ____.
a. ego c. superego
b. id d. subconscious

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Thuy is faced with a dilemma. She lives in a war-torn country in which for years, the economy has been severely disrupted. In order to feed herself and her children, she steals food, but she feels a great sense of guilt when she does. According to Freud, the personality structure involved in the guilt she feels for stealing the food is the ____.
a. ego c. id
b. superego d. subconsciousness

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Jason exploits other people and never feels guilty about it. He rarely helps other people and feels no pride when he does. According to psychodynamic thinking, Jason has an underdeveloped ____.
a. superego c. subconscious
b. ego d. id

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. According to Freud, the two most important instincts in people are ____.
a. pleasure and reality c. sex and aggression
b. responsibility and irresponsibility d. fear and happiness

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Dr. Young says, My client faced such severe traumas in her first five years of life that she blocked the memories from conscious recall. The result is that although she is 29 years old, and cannot remember her childhood. Dr. Young is describing the psychodynamic concept of ____.
a. reaction formation c. resistance
b. transference d. repression

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. According to the psychodynamic model, people use unconscious strategies to protect their egos from anxieties. The general term for these strategies is ____.
a. defense mechanisms c. ego distortions
b. anti-anxiety mechanisms d. reaction formations

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Constance was instructed by her therapist to say whatever came to mind, even if it was illogical or embarrassing. Her therapist was using which psychodynamic technique?
a. dream analysis c. resistance
b. free association d. catharsis

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. After three sessions, Molly decides she is madly in love with Dr. Arnold. As a psychoanalyst, Dr. Arnold will most likely ____.
a. ignore these feelings and continue with therapy
b. see this as a sign of other relationship issues in Mollys life
c. encourage her feelings as a way to help her feel secure in her relationships
d. correct her mistaken impression and discontinue therapy

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

  1. Dr. Al-Suwaidi explains his clients psychological problems by considering biological, psychological, social, and sociocultural explanations. He is using what the text refers to as the ____ model.
a. multipath c. multicultural
b. biopsychosocial d. eclectic

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   A Multipath Model of Mental Disorders

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.2 Describe the multipath model of mental disorders.

KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. According to psychodynamic therapists, defense mechanisms ____.
a. operate consciously c. are used only by neurotic people
b. protect individuals from anxiety d. provide a realistic perspective

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Which model of psychopathology considers unconscious influences to be the motivation for behavior?
a. existential c. cognitive
b. psychodynamic d. humanistic

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Unlike traditional psychoanalysts, post-Freudians tend to ____.
a. deemphasize instinctual drives as the cause of behavior
b. view all behavior as originating predominantly from conscious thought
c. deemphasize the importance of personal choice and future goals
d. feel that talking in therapy is a waste of time

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Which statement about short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy is accurate?
a. It rejects the importance of childhood experience as a cause of adult disorder.
b. It is a cognitive approach used to understand family dynamics.
c. It involves exploration of past interpersonal relationships.
d. It employs a humanistic-existential set of concepts.

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Of the following, which client would be most likely to benefit from psychoanalysis?
a. a poor person with limited verbal skills c. a rich anxious young woman
b. an older woman in immediate crisis d. a psychotic older man

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Dr. OBrien says, Psychodynamic theory has had a significant impact on psychology because it is based largely on observations in controlled conditions. Further, the theory emphasizes freedom of choice, and the therapy is effective with all disorders. Which part of Dr. OBriens statement is accurate?
a. Psychodynamic therapy is effective with all disorders.
b. Psychoanalysis has had a significant impact on psychology.
c. Psychodynamic theory is based on observations in controlled conditions.
d. Psychodynamic theory emphasizes freedom of choice.

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Psychodynamic theory ____.
a. is often considered to be the first gynocentric theory
b. used advanced research methodology for Freuds time
c. can be applied to a wide range of disorders including schizophrenia
d. helps clients resolve childhood conflicts that affect current relationships

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. A psychologist who sees a clients problems as caused by a lack of useful, productive behaviors and lack of consequences following inappropriate actions probably supports which model of psychopathology?
a. existential c. behavioral
b. psychodynamic d. humanistic

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Dr. White says, Psychopathology is learned through a persons interactions with his or her environment. Dr. Whites statement reflects which psychological model?
a. behavioral c. cognitive
b. psychodynamic d. biological

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Classical conditioning is a form of associative learning. What exactly is associated?
a. internal models of the world and behavior
b. a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus
c. a behavior and its consequence
d. unconscious motivations and internal needs

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. If a loud siren is sounded, any newborn infant will automatically scream. In classical conditioning terminology, the siren is a(n) ____.
a. conditioned response c. unconditioned stimulus
b. unconditioned response d. conditioned stimulus

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Which statement about classical conditioning is accurate?
a. It was first described by Edward Thorndike after observing the behavior of cats.
b. It assumes that behavior is entirely volitional and controlled by its consequences.
c. It can successfully explain most human behavior, including instincts and reflexes.
d. It was discovered by Ivan Pavlov when he was studying the digestive processes of dogs.

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. In his original experiments, Pavlov paired a bell tone with the presentation of food. After a while, the bell tone alone could provoke salivation. When the bell provoked salivation, the ____.
a. bell had become a conditioned stimulus
b. food had become a conditioned stimulus
c. animal had lost interest in the food
d. salivation had become an unconditioned response

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Which statement about classical conditioning is accurate?
a. The conditioned response the automatic response to the UCS.
b. Classical conditioning does not occur unless the stimuli are reinforced.
c. A reliable pairing of the UCS and the UCR leads to learning.
d. Classical conditioning involves involuntary responses.

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Watson and Rayners famous research in classical conditioning was designed to explain the development of ____.
a. cognitive disorders c. phobias
b. neuroses d. depression

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Classical conditioning has been useful in the field of abnormal psychology primarily by ____.
a. explaining the acquisition of phobias and other human behaviors
b. emphasizing the voluntary nature of most human behavior
c. exploring how abnormal behavior is learned through observation
d. demonstrating the importance of the consequences of behavior

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Erin has an exaggerated fear of flying. She refuses to board an airplane and avoids airports altogether. A behavioral therapist would be most likely to use ____ in treating her fear
a. cognitive restructuring c. Gestalt approaches
b. systematic desensitization d. psychodynamic processing

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Unlike behaviors in classical conditioning, operant behaviors are ____.
a. learned by observing others c. voluntary and controllable
b. unconscious d. instinctive

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Patty knows that if she cries, she will get her way. Paul knows that if he cries, he will be ignored. Which model of behavior suggests that Patty will increase her crying and Paul will decrease his crying?
a. classical conditioning c. psychodynamic theory
b. operant conditioning d. observational learning

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Which quote is most similar to the theory of operant conditioning?
a. Emotions are a function of beliefs, not events.
b. Emotions are the outgrowth of passive associations.
c. Most of our behavior is motivated by unconscious factors.
d. We do more of whatever behavior pays off.

 

 

ANS:  D                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. Which scenario best illustrates operant conditioning?
a. A man gets sick when he smells the same kind of food that caused him food poisoning.
b. A man asks for a raise because, in the past, his requests have been successful.
c. A woman has been frightened by thunderstorms all her life and her fears are getting worse.
d. A child watches a friend steal from a store, so he thinks he might steal in the future.

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. In classical conditioning, behaviors are controlled by events that ____ the response, whereas in operant conditioning, they are controlled by events that ____ the response.
a. intensify; reduce c. precede; follow
b. follow; precede d. increase; decrease

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. From an operant conditioning point of view, self-injurious behavior may be learned through the use of ____.
a. reinforcement c. implosion
b. personalization d. modeling

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. A kindergarten teacher wants to reduce the amount of aggressiveness children display in her class and on the playground. Using operant conditioning principles, the teacher should ____.
a. use negative reinforcers to decrease the behavior
b. pair aggressiveness with some pleasant stimulus
c. eliminate the reinforcement associated with aggressiveness
d. encourage the children to get the aggressiveness out of their systems

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Which technique increases the frequency of a behavior because it removes or reduces an aversive (punishing) event?
a. positive reinforcement c. negative reinforcement
b. vicarious conditioning d. modeling

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. When Stanley is afraid of meeting a woman, he finds an excuse to run off by himself. The immediate effect of running away is to make him feel less anxious and more at ease. Stanleys behavior illustrates the ____.
a. role of negative reinforcers in avoidance behavior
b. fact that shaping can result in maladjusted behavior
c. role of partial reinforcement in abnormal behavior
d. power of positive reinforcement

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Unlike operant or classical conditioning, in observational learning, ____.
a. direct reinforcement is necessary to establish behavior
b. new behaviors can be learned solely by watching others
c. reinforcement must precede the persons action
d. reinforcers are not necessary to maintain a behavior

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

 

  1. One strength of the behavioral model is that it ____.
a. emphasizes the impact of environment on behavior
b. is applied to explain intrapsychic conflict
c. is not restricted by adherence to scientific methodology
d. highlights the subjective life of the individual

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Analyze

 

  1. When John was growing up, he saw his older brother severely beaten by their father after the brother was caught drinking a beer. Since then, John has never had a beer in his life. What form of learning does this best illustrate?
a. classical conditioning c. observational learning
b. instrumental learning d. operant conditioning

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Dr. Ansorg believes that her clients can acquire appropriate social skills by watching her interact with other people in a social setting. Dr. Ansorg assumes which paradigm of learning?
a. classical conditioning c. operant conditioning
b. observational learning d. psychodynamic

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Mykaels therapist says: Your interpretation of the events in your life brings on your behaviors. If you can see yourself as less of a failure and more of a success, your behaviors will change. The therapist probably supports which approach to abnormal behavior?
a. cognitive-behavioral c. psychodynamic
b. operant conditioning d. family systems

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. The term irrational thoughts plays an important role in which model of psychopathology?
a. family systems c. cognitive-behavioral
b. behavioral d. multicultural

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Cognitive-behavioral theorists emphasize that disturbed individuals ____.
a. come from disturbed families
b. live in stressful environments
c. have irrational and maladaptive thoughts
d. are deficient in interpersonal skills

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Who developed the REBT theory of personality and irrational beliefs?
a. Ellis c. Beck
b. Minuchin d. Satir

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Dr. Alcott makes the following statement about Janets depression: Your depression may be due to your misperception of this unfortunate situation and your tendency to blame yourself for events that are beyond your control. What we need to do is help you to recognize and modify your irrational beliefs. Dr. Alcotts comments are characteristic of the ____.
a. behavioral model c. humanistic model
b. cognitive-behavioral model d. psychodynamic model

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Dr. Danvers is a firm believer in Elliss REBT theory. Given that, what can we expect Dr. Danvers to say?
a. People are less troubled by their thoughts regarding the events in their lives than the actual events themselves.
b. Belief that an event is unfortunate leads to a healthier consequence than belief that an event is a catastrophe.
c. Our reactions are due to our learned associations and there is little we can do about them.
d. Depression is something you are most likely born with and can never really escape.

 

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Dr. Weinberg is a humanistically-oriented psychotherapist. Which comment about cognitive therapy is she most likely to make?
a. People have the ability to make free choices and they are responsible for their own decisions.
b. Therapists who use the ABC-theory are too passive; they should be more like teachers than listeners.
c. Cognitive therapists put too much emphasis on childhood experiences and not enough on choices one makes in life.
d. Thoughts are not observable, so they have no place in science, which should only focus on behavior.

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. Dr. Abdul explains to his students, There are two key things to understand about this therapeutic approach. First, the best way to understand an individuals behavior is to see the world from that persons point of view. Second, people are able to make free choices in life. Which theoretical approach is Dr. Abdul discussing?
a. psychodynamic c. cognitive
b. humanistic d. behavioral

 

 

ANS:  B                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. A major contribution of the humanistic perspective is its ____.
a. insistence on rigorous empirical studies
b. primary focus on persons with serious disorders
c. positive view of the individual
d. emphasis on blocked instinctual forces

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Understand

 

  1. Shelly says, I think that everyone has an inherent tendency to strive toward their full potential. It shows in our creativity and delight in discovering new things. Shellys thoughts illustrate ____.
a. Maslows term self-actualization
b. Thorndikes principle the law of effect
c. Freuds view of unconscious influences on our development
d. Elliss concept of rational beliefs

 

 

ANS:  A                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. A mother says to her daughter, I value you regardless of your behavior. I may disapprove of what you do, but I will still respect and love you. According to Rogers, this mother is ____.
a. increasing the incongruence in the childs self-concept
b. expressing conditions of worth toward her daughter
c. providing unconditional positive regard
d. teaching the girl irrational beliefs

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disorders.           KEY: Blooms: Apply

 

  1. According to Rogers, which aspect of a therapeutic relationship is most important?
a. well-developed counseling techniques c. the therapists attitude
b. interpretation of transference d. insight into the clients problems

 

 

ANS:  C                    REF:   Dimension Two: Psychological Factors

OBJ:   UABB.SUES.17.2.4 Discuss the psychological models that are used to explain the etiology of mental disord

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