Essentials of Understanding Psychology 11th Edition by Feldman Test Bank

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Essentials of Understanding Psychology 11th Edition by Feldman Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS
Essentials of Understanding Psychology 11th Edition by Feldman Test Bank

CHAPTER 5

This chapter has 144 questions.
Scroll down to see and select individual questions or
narrow the list using the checkboxes below.
0 questions at random and keep in order
Multiple Choice Questions (109)
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of reinforcement and define
the operant view of generalization and discrimination, superstitious behavior,
and shaping. (26)
Essay Questions (15) Learning Outcome: 15-1 (2)
Worksheet Questions (20) Learning Outcome: 15-2 (41)
Odd Numbered (72) Learning Outcome: 16-1 (63)
Even Numbered (72) Learning Outcome: 16-2 (5)
APA LO: 1.2 (135) Learning Outcome: 17-1 (33)
APA LO: 1.3 (73) Topic: Applying Conditioning to Human Behavior (4)
APA LO: 2.2 (5) Topic: Behavior Modification (6)
APA LO: 2.3 (2) Topic: Biological Constraints (1)
APA LO: 2.5 (3) Topic: Classical Conditioning (18)
APA LO: 5.2 (1) Topic: Cognitive Learning Theory (5)
APA LO: 5.5 (1) Topic: Discrimination (9)
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation (109) Topic: Extinction (7)
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply (36) Topic: Generalization (8)
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember (58) Topic: Latent Learning (9)
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand (50) Topic: Learning (5)
Difficulty: Easy (67) Topic: Observational Learning (9)
Difficulty: Medium (77) Topic: Operant Conditioning (4)
Learning Objective: Define and describe classical
conditioning. (19) Topic: Punishment (14)
Learning Objective: Define learning. (5) Topic: Reinforcement (19)
Learning Objective: Define observational learning and outline
its basic processes. (33) Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement (18)
Learning Objective: Describe behavior modification. (6) Topic: Shaping (4)
Learning Objective: Explain operant conditioning. (36) Topic: Thorndikes Law of Effect (2)
Learning Objective: Identify the challenges that have been
made to the traditional views of classical conditioning. (3) Topic: Violence in Media (11)
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning, define
acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, and
discrimination. (16)
1. Psychologists use the term _____ to refer to a relatively permanent change in
behavior resulting from experience.
growth
maturation
cognition
learning
Multiple Choice Question
MC Psychologists use the term _____ to refer to a
relatively perm
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy:
Page 1 of 62
Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define
learning.
Learning Outcome: 15-1
Topic: Learning
2. Learning reflects _____. Maturation reflects _____.
nurture; nature
nature; nurture
nature; nature as well
nurture; nurture as well
Multiple Choice Question
MC Learning reflects _____. Maturation reflects
_____.
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define
learning.
Learning Outcome: 15-1
Topic: Learning
3. _____ is the decrease in response to a stimulus that occurs after repeated
presentations of the same stimulus.
Sensation
Disinhibition
Habituation
Conservation
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ is the decrease in response to a stimulus that
occurs
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define
learning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Learning
4. You toss a newly purchased felt mouse across the floor; your cat chases it excitedly,
clutches it in her paws and rolls around with it. Several tosses later, your cat yawns
pointedly and settles herself for a nap. The change in your cats behavior illustrates:
adaptation.
habituation.
conditioning.
Page 2 of 62
maturation.
Multiple Choice Question
MC You toss a newly purchased felt mouse across the
floor; your cat cha
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define
learning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Learning
5. _____ refers to a decrease in the response to a stimulus when it is presented
repeatedly, whereas _____ refers to the eventual disappearance of a conditioned
response when an unconditioned stimulus is no longer presented.
Extinction; habituation
Habituation; extinction
Habituation; adaptation
Adaptation; habituation
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ refers to a decrease in the response to a
stimulus when
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy:
Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define
learning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Learning
6. _____ is credited with laying the foundation for the study of classical conditioning in
psychology.
Thorndike
Skinner
Pavlov
Watson
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ is credited with laying the
foundation for the
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
Page 3 of 62
7. _____ is a type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a
response after it is paired with a stimulus that naturally brings about that response.
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Observational learning
Instrumental conditioning
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ is a type of learning in which a
neutral stimulus comes
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
8. _____ stimulus does not naturally bring about the response of interest.
Reflexive
Unconditioned
Neutral
Normative
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ stimulus does not naturally
br
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define and describe classical
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
9. _____ stimulus naturally brings about a particular response without having been
learned.
Conditioned
Unconditioned
Neutral
Normative
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ stimulus naturally brings about a
particular
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Page 4 of 62
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
10. In Pavlovs study, the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) was _____; the neutral stimulus
was _____; and, finally, the conditioned stimulus (CS) was _____.
meat; the bell; meat
meat; the bell; the bell
the bell; meat; meat
meat; meat; the bell
Multiple Choice Question
MC In Pavlovs study, the unconditioned
stimulus
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
11. Tim loves dill pickles. Now, the sight of a jar on the supermarket shelf makes his
mouth water. In the terminology of classical conditioning, the sight of the jar is a(n)
_____.
conditioned stimulus
unconditioned stimulus
neutral stimulus
conditioned response
Multiple Choice Question
MC Tim loves dill pickles. Now, the sight of a jar
on the supermarket shelf
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define and
describe classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
12. Alexis uses cocaine, which activates her sympathetic nervous system. Expecting her
dealer, her hands shake and her heart pounds when she hears a knock on the door.
Which alternative below CORRECTLY identifies the neutral stimulus, the CS, and
the UCS?
Neutral stimulusknock on the door; CScocaine; UCScocaine
Neutral stimulusknock on the door; CSknock on the door;
UCSpounding heart

Page 5 of 62
Neutral stimulusknock on the door; CSknock on the door;
UCScocaine
Neutral stimuluscocaine; CSknock on the door; UCScocaine
Multiple Choice Question
MC Alexis uses cocaine, which activates her
sympathetic nervous syste
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define and
describe classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
13. In classical conditioning, how are the neutral stimulus and the conditioned response
related?
They are not related; they are completely different stimuli.
They are the same thing; the terms are interchangeable.
The neutral stimulus becomes the conditioned stimulus.
The conditioned stimulus becomes the neutral stimulus.
Multiple Choice Question
MC In classical conditioning, how are the
neutral stimulus and the
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define and
describe classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
14. Nature is to nurture what _____ is to _____.
conditioned stimulus; unconditioned stimulus
conditioned response; unconditioned response
neutral stimulus; conditioned stimulus
unconditioned response; conditioned response
Multiple Choice Question
MC Nature is to nurture what _____ is to
_____.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
Page 6 of 62
15. Classical conditioning is most successful when the neutral stimulus begins:
just before the unconditioned stimulus begins.
at exactly the same time that the unconditioned stimulus begins.
long before the unconditioned stimulus begins.
immediately after the unconditioned stimulus begins.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Classical conditioning is most successful
when the ne
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
16. Which pair below CORRECTLY identifies a stimulus or response in Watson and
Rayners Little Albert study?
Unconditioned stimulusnoise
Conditioned stimulus fear
Unconditioned responserat
Neutral stimulusfear
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which pair below CORRECTLY
identifies a stimulus
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Applying Conditioning to Human
Behavior
17. Jonas is a veteran of the war in Iraq. He suffers from posttraumatic stress disorder
(PTSD). Now, back home in a quiet California neighborhood, he jumps when he
hears a firecracker or a car backfire. In the terminology of classical conditioning,
these sounds are best thought of as _____ stimuli.
neutral
unconditioned
conditioned
normative
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Page 7 of 62
Multiple Choice Question
MC Jonas is a veteran of the war in Iraq. He
suffers from posttrau
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define and describe
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Applying Conditioning to
Human Behavior
18. _____ occurs when a previously conditioned response decreases in frequency and
eventually disappears.
Extinction
Habituation
Adaptation
Deconditioning
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ occurs when a previously
conditioned response decreases in
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Extinction
19. Which of the following scenarios exemplifies extinction?

Alexis is a former cocaine user. Now that she no longer uses cocaine, her
hands no longer shake and her heart no longer pounds when she hears a
car pull into her drive, like her dealer used to do in his car.
Alexis uses cocaine. She no longer feels quite the same rush as she did
when she first started using.
Alexis is a former cocaine user in recovery. After a relapse, though, her
hands shake and her heart pounds when she hears a car pull into her
drive, like her dealer used to do in his car.
Alexis uses cocaine. She finds that she is slowly losing her sense of
smell.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following
scenarios exemplifies
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning, define
acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery,
generalization, and discrimination.
Page 8 of 62
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Extinction
20. Which of the following sequences CORRECTLY arranges the phases of the classical
conditioning process, from first to last?
Acquisition spontaneous recovery extinction
Acquisition extinction spontaneous recovery
Spontaneous recovery acquisition extinction
Extinction acquisition spontaneous recovery
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following sequences
CORRECTLY arranges the
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Extinction
21. The reemergence of an extinguished conditioned response after a period of rest and
with no further conditioning is known as _____.
extinction
habituation
spontaneous recovery
deconditioning
Multiple Choice Question
MC The reemergence of an
extinguished conditioned
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning, define
acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery,
generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Extinction
22. Which of the following scenarios best exemplifies spontaneous recovery?
Alexis is a former cocaine user. Now that she no longer uses cocaine, her
hands no longer shake and her heart no longer pounds when she hears a
car pull into her drive, like her dealer used to do in his car.
Alexis uses cocaine. She no longer feels quite the same rush as she did
when she first started using.

Page 9 of 62
Alexis is a former cocaine user in recovery. After a relapse, though, her
hands shake and her heart pounds when she hears a car pull into her
drive, like her dealer used to do in his car.
Alexis uses cocaine. She finds that she is slowly losing her sense of
smell.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following
scenarios best exemplifies spon
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Extinction
23. _____ is a process in which, after a stimulus has been conditioned to produce a
particular response, stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus produce the same
response.
Stimulus location
Stimulus generalization
Stimulus reflexive
Stimulus discrimination
Multiple Choice Question
MC ____ is a process in which, after a
stimulus has been conditioned to
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Generalization
24. Which of the following is TRUE of stimulus generalization?
It is the process that occurs if two stimuli are sufficiently distinct from
one another.
The greater the similarity between two stimuli, the greater the likelihood
of stimulus generalization.
The conditioned response elicited by the new stimulus is usually more
intense than the original conditioned response.
Stimulus generalization provides the ability to differentiate between
stimuli.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is
TRUE of stimulus gen
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Page 10 of 62
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning, define
acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery,
generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Generalization
25. Rosa becomes anxious when she enters the examination room at the clinic before a
blood test. She also squirms when she views injections on television. This illustrates:
observational learning.
stimulus generalization.
spontaneous recovery.
stimulus discrimination.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Rosa becomes anxious when she
enters the examination room
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Generalization
26. _____ occurs if two stimuli are sufficiently distinct from each other that one evokes a
conditioned response but the other does not.
Stimulus location
Stimulus generalization
Stimulus diffusion
Stimulus discrimination
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ occurs if two stimuli are
sufficiently distinct from each other that
one
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Discrimination
27. Which of the following terms best expresses the relationship between stimulus
generalization and stimulus discrimination?
They are unrelated.
They are opposites.
They are the same thing.
Page 11 of 62
Stimulus discrimination is a type of stimulus generalization.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following terms
best expresses the
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning, define
acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery,
generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Discrimination
Topic: Generalization
28. Junes cat runs to the kitchen at the sound of the electric can opener, which she has
learned is used to open her food when her dinner is about to be served. The cat does
not run when a blender is used, although it sounds similar. Junes cat is
demonstrating stimulus:
control.
discrimination.
generalization.
diffusion.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Junes cat runs to the kitchen at
the sound of the electric
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Discrimination
29. Janine completed several tours of duty in Afghanistan. She suffers from PTSD. Now,
back home in Texas, she is frightened by firecrackers and cars backfiring. The fact
that these sounds scare her reflects a process of stimulus:
diffusion.
discrimination.
generalization.
control.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Janine completed several tours
of duty in Afghanistan
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Page 12 of 62
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Generalization
30. Stimulus _____ provides the ability to differentiate between stimuli.
control
discrimination
generalization
diffusion
Multiple Choice Question
MC Stimulus _____ provides the
ability to differentiate between stimuli.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: In classical conditioning,
define acquisition, extinction, spontaneous
recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Discrimination
31. In what way does learned taste aversion seem to contradict the basic principles of
classical conditioning?
In learned taste aversion, the CS and the unconditioned response (UCR)
are separated by only a brief interval.
Learned taste aversion can occur after only a single CS-UCR pairing.
Learned taste aversion takes longer to develop than do most classical
conditioning processes.
Learned taste aversion is subject to biologically based constraints while,
classical conditioning is not.
Multiple Choice Question
MC In what way does learned taste
aversion seem to contradict the basi
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Identify the challenges
that have been made to the traditional views of
classical conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 15-2
Topic: Classical Conditioning
32. _____ is learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened,
depending on its favorable or unfavorable consequences.
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
Observational learning
Instrumental conditioning
Page 13 of 62
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ is learning in which a voluntary
response is strength
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Operant Conditioning
33. Operant conditioning most importantly involves forming associations between:
neutral and unconditioned stimuli.
stimuli and involuntary behavior.
behavior and consequences.
conditioned response and reflex.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Operant conditioning most importantly
involves
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Operant Conditioning
34. Classical conditioning applies mostly to _____. Operant conditioning applies mainly
to _____.
biological responses; voluntary responses
voluntary behavior; involuntary behavior
voluntary behavior; biological behavior
involuntary response; involuntary behavior
Multiple Choice Question
MC Classical conditioning applies
mostly
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Operant Conditioning
35. The root of operant conditioning may be traced to _____s early studies of hungry
cats learning to escape from cages.
Skinner
Thorndike
Watson
Page 14 of 62
Pavlov
Multiple Choice Question
MC The root of operant conditioning may be
traced
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Thorndikes Law of Effect
36. Responses that lead to satisfying consequences are more likely to be repeated. This
is the law of:
consequences.
reward.
effect.
reinforcement.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Responses that lead to satisfying
consequences
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Thorndikes Law of Effect
37. The most influential psychologist to study operant conditioning was:
Freud.
Watson.
Pavlov.
Skinner.
Multiple Choice Question
MC The most influential psychologist to study
operant
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Operant Conditioning
38. The process by which a stimulus increases the likelihood that a preceding behavior
will be repeated is called:
habituation.
Page 15 of 62
reinforcement.
learning.
spontaneous recovery.
Multiple Choice Question
MC The process by which a stimulus increases the
likelihood
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
39. Which of the following approaches to treating a phobia is/are CORRECTLY
matched with the type of learning it reflects?
Conditioning client to associate a response of relaxation rather than
anxiety to the feared object observational learning
Reinforcing client directly by interacting with the feared object operant
conditioning
Exposing client to a model interacting successfully with the feared object
classical conditioning
A new behavior is learned but not demonstrated until some incentive is
provided for displaying it perceptual learning
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following approaches to treating a
phobia is/are
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
40. A _____ is any stimulus that increases the probability that a preceding behavior will
occur again.
catalyst
rejoinder
reinforcer
stimulant
Multiple Choice Question
MC A _____ is any stimulus that increases the
probability tha
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Page 16 of 62
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
41. Reinforcers that satisfy a biological need are called _____ reinforcers.
primary
positive
unconditioned
reflexive
Multiple Choice Question
MC Reinforcers that satisfy a biological need
are calle
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
42. Nature is to nurture what _____ reinforcers are to _____ reinforcers.
positive; negative
secondary; primary
unconditioned; conditioned
primary; secondary
Multiple Choice Question
MC Nature is to nurture what _____ reinforcers
are to
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
43. Which of the following reinforcers is INCORRECTLY categorized?
Foodprimary reinforcer
Moneyprimary reinforcer
Praisesecondary reinforcer
Reliefprimary reinforcer
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Page 17 of 62
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following
reinforcers
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
44. Which of the following is an example of a secondary reinforcer?
Food
Sex
Money
Relief
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is an example of a
secondary
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
45. As part of a behavior modification program, Kendra and her partner each agree to
praise the other if she completes her assigned household chores by the end of the
day. Such praise is an example of:
primary reinforcement
tertiary reinforcement
positive reinforcement
negative reinforcement
Multiple Choice Question
MC As part of a behavior modification program,
Kendra and her partner
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain
operant conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-2
Topic: Reinforcement
46. The term reward is synonymous with:
positive reinforcement only.
reinforcement generally.
Page 18 of 62
negative reinforcement only.
primary reinforcement only.
Multiple Choice Question
MC The term reward is synonymous
with:
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
47. A(n) _____ reinforcer is a stimulus added to the environment, like getting paid to
work, that specifically brings about an increase in a preceding response.
primary
positive
unconditioned
neutral
Multiple Choice Question
MC A(n) _____ reinforcer is a stimulus added to the
environment, like
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain
operant conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
48. A(n) _____ reinforcer refers to the removal of an unpleasant stimulus, putting on a
sweater when your cold for example, which leads to an increase in the probability
that a preceding response will be repeated in the future.
negative
secondary
unconditioned
neutral
Multiple Choice Question
MC A(n) _____ reinforcer refers to the removal of
an unpleasan
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Page 19 of 62
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
49. One reason Carlos continues to work at his job is the check he receives every two
weeks. Carlos paycheck is a _____ reinforcer.
neutral
primary
secondary
negative
Multiple Choice Question
MC One reason Carlos continues to work at his
job is the
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
50. Dr. DiFonzo notices several students nodding in agreement as he lectures.
Subsequently, his rhetoric becomes more confident and more passionate. The
students have provided _____ reinforcement.
positive
secondary
conditioned
neutral
Multiple Choice Question
MC Dr. DiFonzo notices several students nodding
in agreement
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
51. Negative reinforcement:
is the same thing as punishment.
increases the likelihood that preceding behaviors will be repeated.
decreases the likelihood that a behavior will be performed.
is a stimulus whose removal leads to a decrease in the probability that a
preceding response will be repeated.
Page 20 of 62
Multiple Choice Question
MC Negative reinforcement:
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
52. Which of the following scenarios exemplifies negative reinforcement?
Vanna fastens her seatbelt as soon as she gets in her car to stop the
annoying alert sound.
Drake no longer cuts class, now that his parents confiscated his iPod.
Maria now buys a different brand of cigarettes to get two packs for the
price of one.
Nate no longer arrives late at work following a reprimand from his boss.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following scenarios exemplifies
negative reinforcement?
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain
operant conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Reinforcement
53. _____ weakens a response through the application of an unpleasant stimulus.
Negative reinforcement
Negative punishment
Positive punishment
Normative reinforcement
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ weakens a response through the
application
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
54. _____ punishment consists of the removal of something pleasant.
Prescriptive
Page 21 of 62
Negative
Positive
Normative
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ punishment consists of the removal of
something pleasant.
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain
operant conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
55. Which of the following scenarios exemplify negative punishment?
Astrid tells her daughter she is grounded for misbehaving and cannot
meet her friends for a week.
Carly yells at her husband when he comes home drunk.
Jim makes his middle-schoolers run extra laps when they are unruly in
gym class.
Joanie takes several ibuprofen tablets when she has a headache.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following scenarios exemplify
negative punishment?
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain
operant conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
56. Which of the following is an example of positive punishment?
You fight with your significant other and walk away
Getting a speeding ticket
Grounding a child for misbehaving and not letting him/her watch
television
Giving your dog a treat for rolling over
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is an example of
positive punishment?
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Page 22 of 62
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
57. Sheryls parents have told her that she is grounded and will not be allowed to watch
any television for a week, because she is not completing her assignments on time.
This is an example of:
negative punishment.
negative reinforcement.
positive punishment.
positive reinforcement.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Sheryls parents have told her that she is
grounded and will
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
58. Which of the following is an example of negative punishment?
You fight with your significant other and walk away.
Spanking a child for misbehaving.
Yelling at your spouse for being irresponsible.
Informing an employee that he has been demoted because of a poor job
evaluation.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is an example of
negat
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
59. Which of the following types of consequences is CORRECTLY matched with an
example?
Positive reinforcement Vickie applies lotion to lessen the discomfort of
a small burn
Negative reinforcement Ellas parents confiscate her car keys for
breaking curfew
Page 23 of 62
Positive punishment Laurels mother yells at her when Laurel takes $20
from her moms purse
Negative punishment Maddie receives a bonus for outstanding work
performance
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following types of
consequences is
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
60. Which of the following types of consequences is CORRECTLY matched with an
example?
Positive reinforcement Harvey is suspended when he vandalizes school
property
Negative reinforcement Jeff puts up his umbrella when it starts to
sprinkle so he wont get wet
Positive punishment Jacquelines teacher puts a cute sticker on an
arithmetic exercise completed without mistakes
Negative punishment Tommy receives a written reprimand from his
boss following a series of customer complaints
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following types of
consequences is
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
61. Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of punishment?
It is ineffective if it is not delivered immediately after the undesirable
behavior.
Physical punishment sends the message that aggressive behavior is
appropriate.
It tends to change behavior very slowly.
Punishment does not suggest which alternative behaviors might be more
desirable.
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Page 24 of 62
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is NOT a
disadvanta
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Explain operant
conditioning.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Punishment
62. Behavior that is reinforced every time it occurs is said to be on a(n) _____
reinforcement schedule.
secondary
positive
intermittent
continuous
Multiple Choice Question
MC Behavior that is reinforced
every time it occurs is said
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
63. You dont receive a smile or a thank you each time you hold a door for the person
behind you. It is acknowledged sometimes. Door-holding is reinforced on a(n) _____
reinforcement schedule.
continuous
partial
regular
fixed
Multiple Choice Question
MC You dont receive a smile or a
thank you each time you
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
64.
Page 25 of 62
Vending machine is to slot machine what _____ reinforcement is to _____
reinforcement.
secondary; primary
continuous; intermittent
partial; intermittent
variable; fixed
Multiple Choice Question
MC Vending machine is to slot
machine what
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
65. A fixed-ratio schedule is a schedule:
by which reinforcement is given only after a specific number of
responses are made.
by which reinforcement occurs after a varying number of responses
rather than after a fixed number.
that provides reinforcement for a response only if a fixed time period has
elapsed, making overall rates of response relatively low.
by which the time between reinforcements varies around some average
rather than being fixed.
Multiple Choice Question
MC A fixed-ratio schedule is
a schedule:
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious behavior,
and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
66. Which of the following promotions exemplifies the use of a fixed-ratio schedule of
reinforcement?
A caf prints You are a winner on a random one-twelfth of its coffee
lids; patrons receiving such a lid can redeem it for a free beverage.

Page 26 of 62
A caf offers its customers a punch card. Each time a patron purchases a
beverage, a hole is punched; when ten holes are punched, the patron
receives a free beverage.
A caf offers each patron an early morning two-for-one free-beveragewith-
purchase deal from 5 to 6 a.m. on Monday mornings.
Now and then, a caf announces a two-for-one deal.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following
promotions exemplifies the
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
67. Dr. Arceneaux wants his students to take advantage of online practice quizzes on his
course site. Which of the following is the most effective plan to increase the number
of practice quizzes completed?
1 bonus point for every 2 online practice quizzes completed
5 points deducted from course total if no quizzes are completed
1 bonus point awarded every 2 weeks if 2 or more quizzes have been
completed
1 bonus point awarded every now and then (about 2 weeks on average) if
2 or more quizzes have been completed recently
Multiple Choice Question
MC Dr. Arceneaux wants his
students to take advantage of
online
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
68. A variable-ratio schedule is a schedule:
by which reinforcement is given only after a specific number of
responses are made.
by which reinforcement occurs after a fluctuating number of responses
rather than after a fixed number.
Page 27 of 62
that provides reinforcement for a response only if a fixed time period has
elapsed, making overall rates of response relatively low.
by which the time between reinforcements varies around some average
rather than being fixed.
Multiple Choice Question
MC A variable-ratio schedule
is a schedule:
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious behavior,
and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
69. Dr. Arceneaux has developed several alternative plans to increase the number of
online practice quizzes his students complete. Which plan below is INCORRECTLY
matched with the related schedule?
1 bonus point for every two online practice quizzes completedfixedratio
1 bonus point awarded every 2 weeks if two or more quizzes have been
completedfixed-interval
1 bonus point awarded every now and then (about 2 weeks on average) if
two or more quizzes have been completed recentlyvariable-ratio
1 bonus point awarded randomly, either for every 2 online quizzes taken
or 2 bonus points for all those students taken within the first
weekvariable-interval
Multiple Choice Question
MC Dr. Arceneaux has developed
several alternative plans
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
70. Imagine that you graphed the cumulative number of bar-press responses over time of
four rats, each reinforced on a different one of the four schedules of intermittent
reinforcement. Each rats behavior is graphed on a separate line. The line with the
greatest slope should be that displaying the behavior of the rat reinforced on the
_____ schedule.
fixed-ratio
Page 28 of 62
fixed-interval
variable-interval
variable-ratio
Multiple Choice Question
MC Imagine that you graphed the
cumulative number of bar-press
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
71. In general, _____ schedules of reinforcement yield high response rates.
variable-interval
fixed-interval
variable-ratio
fixed-ratio
Multiple Choice Question
MC In general, _____ schedules of
reinforcement yield high
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
72. Typically long pauses in responding are found in _____ schedules.
fixed-interval
fixed-ratio
variable-interval
variable-ratio
Multiple Choice Question
MC Typically long pauses in
responding are found in
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
Page 29 of 62
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
73. A privately funded program pays low-income parents $50 every two months for each
child who attends school regularly during that period. This incentive illustrates a
_____ schedule of reinforcement.
fixed-interval
fixed-ratio
variable-interval
variable-ratio
Multiple Choice Question
MC A privately funded program
pays low-income parents $50
every
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
74. A fixed-interval schedule is a schedule:
by which reinforcement is given only after a specific number of
responses are made.
by which reinforcement occurs after a varying number of responses
rather than after a fixed number.
that provides reinforcement for a response only if an unvarying time
period has elapsed, making overall rates of response relatively low.
by which the time between reinforcements varies around some average
rather than being constant.
Multiple Choice Question
MC A fixed-interval schedule
is a schedule:
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious behavior,
and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
Page 30 of 62
75. Paychecks and semester grades are delivered on a _____ schedule of reinforcement.
fixed-ratio
fixed-interval
variable-ratio
variable-interval
Multiple Choice Question
MC Paychecks and semester
grades are delivered on a
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
76. A variable-interval schedule is a schedule:
by which reinforcement is given only after a specific number of
responses are made.
by which reinforcement occurs after a varying number of responses
rather than after a fixed number.
that provides reinforcement for a response only if a fixed time period has
elapsed, making overall rates of response relatively low.
by which the time between reinforcements fluctuates around some
average rather than being fixed.
Multiple Choice Question
MC A variable-interval
schedule is a schedule:
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Schedules of Reinforcement
77. Which of the following is TRUE about stimulus control training?
In stimulus control training, a behavior is reinforced in the presence of a
specific stimulus.
In stimulus control training, a behavior is reinforced in the absence of a
specific stimulus.
Page 31 of 62
Stimulus control training is the process of teaching a complex behavior
by rewarding closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior.
Stimulus control training is the process of teaching a simple behavior by
rewarding closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is
TRUE about stimulus
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Discrimination
78. Ewan is convinced that a woman across the bar is sending signals. A learning
theorist would term such signals:
conditioned stimuli.
discriminative stimuli.
positive reinforcers.
intermittent reinforcers.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Ewan is convinced that a
woman across the
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Discrimination
79. Sheryl makes pleasant small talk and pays her boss a compliment before asking for a
personal day, because such a strategy was successful with a few of her previous
bosses. This example most clearly illustrates:
stimulus generalization.
stimulus control.
stimulus discrimination.
shaping.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Sheryl makes pleasant small talk
and pays her boss a compliment
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Page 32 of 62
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Generalization
80. The process of teaching a complex behavior by reinforcing closer and closer
approximations of the desired behavior is called:
stimulus control training.
discrimination training.
shaping.
behavior modification.
Multiple Choice Question
MC The process of teaching a
complex behavior by reinforcing
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Shaping
81. Mrs. Martin, a third-grade teacher, is instructing cursive writing. At first, she
reinforces even crude attempts to reproduce letters with an encouraging word; as
time goes on, though, she reinforces only well-formed letters. By reinforcing
progressively better attempts at writing letters, Mrs. Martin is using:
discrimination training.
shaping.
stimulus control training.
behavior modification.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Mrs. Martin, a third-grade
teacher, is instructing cursive writing.
At first,
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Apply
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Outline the schedules of
reinforcement and define the operant view of
generalization and discrimination, superstitious
behavior, and shaping.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Shaping
82.
Page 33 of 62
Which of the following does NOT accurately reflect a distinction between classical
and operant conditioning?
Classical conditioning entails forming an association between stimuli;
operant conditioning involves forming an association between a behavior
and its consequences.
Classical conditioning applies to voluntary behavior, while operant
conditioning applies to involuntary behavior.
In the case of classical conditioning, before conditioning, an
unconditioned stimulus leads to an unconditioned response; in operant
conditioning reinforcement leads to an increase in behavior.
In the case of classical conditioning, after conditioning, a conditioned
stimulus leads to a conditioned response; in operant conditioning
punishment leads to a decrease in behavior.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following does NOT accurately
reflect a distinct
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe
behavior modification.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Behavior Modification
83. Which of the following is TRUE of classical conditioning?
Its basic principle is that reinforcement increases the frequency of the
behavior preceding it; punishment decreases the frequency of the
behavior preceding it.
It applies to involuntary behavior.
According to classical conditioning, reinforcement leads to an increase in
behavior.
According to classical conditioning, organism voluntarily operates on its
environment to produce a desirable result. After behavior occurs, the
likelihood of the behavior occurring again is increased or decreased by
the behaviors consequences.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following is TRUE of
classical
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe behavior
modification.
Learning Outcome: 16-1
Topic: Behavior Modification
84. Dr. Simonelli is a practicing behavior analyst. What does she do?
Page 34 of 62
She helps clients explore the unconscious motivations behind their
behaviors.
She helps clients change how they think about their own behavior and
that of others.
She specializes in behavior modification techniques.
She conducts basic research into conditioning mechanisms and
principles.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Dr. Simonelli is a practicing behavior
analy
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Describe behavior
modification.
Learning Outcome: 16-2
Topic: Behavior Modification
85. _____ is a formalized technique for promoting the frequency of desirable conducts
and decreasing the incidence of unwanted ones.
Functional modification
Genetic modification
Posttranslational modification
Behavior modification
Multiple Choice Question
MC _____ is a formalized technique for promoting
the frequency of desirable
Accessibility: Keyboard
Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 2.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Describe
behavior modification.
Learning Outcome: 16-2
Topic: Behavior Modification
86. The cognitive learning concept of _____ learning is associated most prominently
with _____.
latent; Tolman
latent; Thorndike
implicit; Tolman
implicit; Thorndike
Multiple Choice Question
MC The cognitive learning concept of
_____ learning is
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Page 35 of 62
Learning Objective: Define observational
learning and outline its basic processes.
Learning Outcome: 17-1
Topic: Latent Learning
87. The _____ is an approach to the study of learning that focuses on the thought
processes that underlie learning.
transformative learning theory
behavioral learning theory
cognitive learning theory
constructivism learning theory
Multiple Choice Question
MC The _____ is an approach to the study
of learning that focuses
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define observational
learning and outline its basic processes.
Learning Outcome: 17-1
Topic: Cognitive Learning Theory
88. Psychologists working within the cognitive learning perspective:
deny the importance of classical and operant conditioning.
go beyond classical and operant conditioning.
perform research essentially identical to that conducted by more
traditional learning theorists.
have probably never heard of classical and operant conditioning.
Multiple Choice Question
MC Psychologists working within the
cognitive learning
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: Define observational
learning and outline its basic processes.
Learning Outcome: 17-1
Topic: Cognitive Learning Theory
89. Which of the following does the cognitive learning theory emphasize?
Expectations
Imitation
Consolidation
Associations
Multiple Choice Question
MC Which of the following does the
cognitive learning theory
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Remember
Page 36 of 62
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define observational
learning and outline its basic processes.
Learning Outcome: 17-1
Topic: Cognitive Learning Theory
90. The focus of classical and operant conditioning is on _____; the focus of the
cognitive learning approach is on _____.
external stimuli, responses, and reinforcement; internal thoughts and
expectations of learners
external stimuli, responses, and reinforcement; external stimuli,
responses, and reinforcement as well
internal thoughts and expectations of learners; external stimuli,
responses, and reinforcement
internal thoughts and expectations of learners; internal thoughts and
expectations of learners as well
Multiple Choice Question
MC The focus of classical and operant
conditioning is on
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
APA LO: 1.2
Blooms Taxonomy: Understand
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: Define observational
learning and outline its basic processes.
Learning Outcome: 17-1
Topic: Cognitive Learning Theory
91. Learning in which a new behavior is acquired but is not demonstrated until some
incentive is provided for displaying it is known as _____ learning.
tangential
latent
perceptual
spatial
Multiple Choice Question
M

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