Evidence Based Practice Nurses Appraisal Application Research 2ndEd By Schmidt Brown Test Bank

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Evidence Based Practice Nurses Appraisal Application Research 2ndEd By Schmidt Brown Test Bank

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Evidence Based Practice Nurses Appraisal Application Research 2ndEd By Schmidt Brown Test Bank

CHAPTER THREE

IDENTIFYING RESEARCH QUESTIONS

 

Multiple choice

 

Research question (p. 68)

  1. An area of concern due to a gap in knowledge that requires a solution that can be described, explained, or predicted to improve practice is a
  1. research problem.
  2. purpose statement.
  3. null hypothesis.
  4. research hypothesis.

 

Research question (p. 68)

  1. Which one of the following could form the basis for a potential research study?
  2. The majority of patients are admitted between the hours of midnight and 4:00 a.m.
  3. The majority of nurses do not want to work the night shift.
  4. The majority of patient falls occur on the evening shift.
  5. The nurses who work the evening shift are not attentive to their patients.

 

Research process (pp. 72-73)

  1. An example of a ____________ is: The use of alcohol by freshman at XYZ State University contributes to alcohol-related injuries and increasing numbers of visits to the local emergency room.
  2. purpose statement.
  3. problem statement.
  4. research problem.

 

Research process (pp. 72-73)

  1. An example of a ____________ is: To determine if brief screening for alcohol use and nursing intervention during orientation reduces self-reported alcohol use, alcohol-related injuries, and visits to the emergency room by college students during their freshman year.
    1. problem statement
    2. purpose statement
    3. research question
    4. research hypothesis

 

Research process (p. 74)

  1. The following statement: There will be a change in nursing practice of nurses after completion of an EBP mentorship program as compared to before the mentorship program, is an example of a
  1. problem statement.
  2. purpose statement.
  3. research hypothesis.

 

Research process (p. 71)

  1. Once an idea is generated for a research problem, what is the next step?
  2. Identify variables to be studied.
  3. Perform a review of the literature.
  4. Conduct a survey to ascertain if the problem really exists.
  5. Formulate a hypothesis.

 

Hypothesis (p. 76)

  1. A simple hypothesis
  2. describes the associative or causal relationship between three or more variables.
  3. predicts how strong the relationship is between the variables.
  4. predicts an inverse relationship between the variables.
  5. describes the associative or causal relationship between two variables.

 

Hypothesis (p. 77)

  1. The following statement: There will be no difference in practice of nurses after completion of an EBP mentorship program as compared to before the mentorship program, is an example of a
  2. problem statement.
  3. purpose statement.
  4. directional hypothesis.
  5. null hypothesis.

 

Hypothesis (pp. 74-75)

  1. What is the purpose of formulating a hypothesis or hypotheses?
  2. To validate the research problem
  3. To provide direction for the research study by identifying possible outcomes
  4. To identify the independent variable
  5. To identify the dependent variable

 

Variables (p. 80)

  1. There will be a change in nursing practice after completion of an EBP mentorship program as compared to before the mentorship program. In the preceding statement, completion of an EBP mentorship program represents the
  2. confounding variable.
  3. dependent variable.
  4. extraneous variable.
  5. independent variable.

 

 

 

 

 

Variables (p. 80)

  1. Variables that confuse the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable, so that the research results do not really reflect a true relationship between the independent and dependent variables are
  2. extraneous variables.
  3. random variables.
  4. within-group variables.
  5. control variables.

 

Hypotheses (p. 75)

  1. A relationship between variables so that when one variable changes, the other variable changes is a(n)
  2. associative relationship.
  3. causal relationship.
  4. indirect relationship.
  5. predictive relationship.

 

Formulating EBP questions (p. 81)

  1. A widely used EBP model consisting of four components for identifying clinical questions for specific patient problems is known as the ____________ model.
  2. AHRQ
  3. PICO
  4. intervention
  5. comparison

 

Formulating EBP questions (p. 82)

  1. There is a study being conducted of adults over the age of 65 to investigate the effect of caregiver education on calming communication techniques in comparison to sedative medications on the agitation level of clients experiencing stage 2 dementia. In this study, the clients level of agitation would be the measured
  2. intervention.
  3. association.
  4. variable.
  5. outcome.

 

Short Answer/Fill-in

 

Dependent and independent variables (p. 80)

 

  1. In a study investigating the effect of eating a bowl of oatmeal every day for 30 days and serum cholesterol levels, ____________ is the independent variable.

Answer: oatmeal

 

  1. In a study investigating the effect of eating a bowl of oatmeal every day for 30 days and serum cholesterol levels, ____________ is the dependent variable.

Answer: serum cholesterol levels

 

  1. In a study designed to determine if exposure to x-rays during pregnancy increases the likelihood of birth defects, x-ray exposure is the ____________ variable.

Answer: independent

 

  1. In a study designed to determine if exposure to x-rays during pregnancy increases the likelihood of birth defects, birth defects are the ____________ variable.

Answer: dependent

 

  1. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which sex, age, height, and weight predict selected physiologic outcomes: namely, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV), hemoglobin concentration, food intake, serum glucose concentration, total serum cholesterol concentration, and cancer-related weight change (Brown et al., 1997). In this study, the ____________ variable is the physiologic outcomes.

Answer: dependent

 

  1. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which sex, age, height, and weight predict selected physiologic outcomes: namely, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV), hemoglobin concentration, food intake, serum glucose concentration, total serum cholesterol concentration, and cancer-related weight change (Brown et al., 1997). In this study, the ____________ variables are: sex, age, height, and weight.

Answer: independent

 

CHAPTER 3

Multiple choice

  1. A
  2. C
  3. C
  4. B
  5. C
  6. B
  7. D
  8. D
  9. B
  10. B
  11. A
  12. A
  13. B
  14. D

 

Short answer/Fill-in

  1. oatmeal
  2. serum cholesterol levels
  3. independent
  4. dependent
  5. dependent
  6. independent

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

EVALUATING OUTCOMES OF INNOVATIONS

 

Outcome (p. 439)

  1. Nursing ____________ measure states, behaviors, or perceptions of individuals, families, or communities.
  2. evaluations
  3. practices
  4. interventions
  5. outcomes

 

Outcome (p. 439)

  1. Outcomes research examines the ____________ individuals and populations.
  2. value of innovative procedures for
  3. effects of care and treatment on
  4. likelihood of contracting disease among
  5. usefulness of drugs in development for

 

Outcome (p. 439)

  1. A nurse working with a post-surgery cardiac patient collaborates with him regarding the distance he will walk by the end of the week. The distance the patient completes is an example of a (n)
  2. a.
  3. evidence based practice.
  4. nursing intervention.
  5. evaluation.

 

Outcome (p. 439)

  1. The rate of urinary tract infections in indwelling catheterized clients on a unit is an example of a(n)
  1. care-related outcome.
  2. organization-related outcome.
  3. patient-related-outcome.
  4. performance-related outcome.

 

Outcome (p. 440)

  1. The effects of daily perineal care on the rate of urinary tract infections in clients with indwelling urinary catheters is an example of a(n)
  1. care-related outcome.
  2. organization-related outcome.
  3. patient related-outcome.
  4. performance-related outcome.

 

Outcome (p. 440)

  1. What are the categories of outcomes that deal with changes or results over a particular period of time?
  1. Abbreviated, normal, and involved
  2. Short-term, intermediate, and long-term
  3. Time restricted, time regulated, and time unlimited
  4. Short-term, average, and long-term

 

Outcome (p. 440)

  1. A client and care provider have identified that a 30-pound weight loss is needed to attain the desired Body Mass Index (BMI). The clients measured weight and BMI two years following weight reduction is an example of
  1. a performance-related outcome.
  2. an intermediate outcome.
  3. a long-term outcome.
  4. a short-term outcome.

 

Outcome (p. 440)

  1. Reducing the development of pressure ulcer formation in hospitalized clients is an example of a(n)
  2. evidence-based practice.
  3. indicator.
  4. nursing-sensitive outcome.
  5. research outcome.

 

Choosing outcomes (p. 441)

  1. Specific quantitative criteria that specify how an outcome should be measured, such as daily weights, are an example of
  1. indicators.
  2. scales.
  3. outcomes.
  4. rankings.

 

Choosing outcomes (p. 443)

  1. Nurses seeking online information on health outcomes from reputable sources can access online materials from the
  1. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
  2. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
  3. National Committee for Quality Assurance.
  4. All of the above.

 

Choosing outcomes (p. 444)

  1. Continuous quality improvement efforts often involve nurses in what type of role?
  1. Data collection
  2. Organizational prioritization
  3. Reimbursement
  4. Research design

 

Choosing outcomes (p. 444)

  1. As part of continuous quality improvement initiatives, staff nurses often work as part of interdisciplinary teams dealing with
  1. obtaining funding.
  2. setting organizational priorities.
  3. protocol development.
  4. collaboration with other healthcare facilities.

 

Choosing outcomes (p. 445)

  1. Hospitals and other healthcare facilities are required to gather outcome data in regard to the treatment of specific diseases and report it to public agencies. When the data is used to compare outcomes across similar facilities, this is
  1. benchmarking.
  2. quality improvement.
  3. qualitative data.
  4. sensitive indicators.

 

Choosing outcomes (pp. 444-445)

  1. Continuous quality improvement and benchmarking are processes whose purpose is to
  1. seek increased funding.
  2. establish organizational priorities.
  3. conduct research.
  4. evaluate outcomes.

 

Choosing outcomes (p. 445)

  1. Outcomes such as nosocomial infection rates reported to state boards of health provide ____________ for organizations to use as part of benchmarking.
  1. research data
  2. performance comparisons
  3. credentialing data
  4. background information

 

Choosing outcomes (p. 446)

  1. In 2005 the American Nurses Credentialing Center developed the Magnet Recognition Program. As part of this program, healthcare organizations provide examples of nurse-sensitive quality indicators to apply for or maintain Magnet Recognition. The 14 components that exhibit nursing excellence are known as the
  1. universal benchmarks.
  2. nursing standards.
  3. Forces of Magnetism.
  4. magnet factors.

 

Ethical issues (p. 450)

  1. To maintain integrity of reporting data for Magnet Recognition or other benchmarking, what would be the appropriate action if a nurse was unable to collect all needed data?
  1. Ask an expert to estimate data
  2. Guess the data results
  3. Report the data as missing
  4. Use data collected at a later time

CHAPTER 17

Multiple choice

  1. D
  2. B
  3. A
  4. A
  5. D
  6. B
  7. C
  8. C
  9. A
  10. D
  11. A
  12. C
  13. A
  14. D
  15. B
  16. C
  17. C

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