Experiencing The Worlds Religions Tradition Challenge And Change 5Th Ed By Michael Molloy Test Bank

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Experiencing The Worlds Religions Tradition Challenge And Change 5Th Ed By Michael Molloy Test Bank

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Experiencing The Worlds Religions Tradition Challenge And Change 5Th Ed By Michael Molloy Test Bank

Chapter 2 Test Bank

 

 

Multiple-Choice Questions

 

  1. The goddess Pele is associated with
  2. childbirth.
  3. volcanoes and fire.
  4. Brazil.
  5. the Haida.

Answer: b

Page: 34

 

  1. Which of the following has been of special value in the new appreciation for and understanding of indigenous religions?
  2. the study of newly discovered sacred texts
  3. the use of electricity and battery power
  4. the ready availability of cameras and recorders
  5. the worldwide spread of television

Answer: c

Page: 37

 

  1. The transmission of indigenous religions is made more difficult by the fact that teachings are often conveyed in ways that are
  2. relatively impermanent.
  3. passed on in symbolic language.
  4. known only to initiates.
  5. written in unknown languages.

Answer: a

Page: 36

 

  1. The teachings of indigenous religions are typically conveyed by all of the following except
  2. sand paintings.
  3. sacred scripture.
  4. masks and dance.
  5. memorized chants.

Answer: b

Page: 36

 

  1. Biophilia refers to
  2. the study of biology.
  3. a love of all forms of life.
  4. a method for studying indigenous religions.
  5. a kind of hula.

Answer: b

Page: 37

 

  1. African tribal masks influenced the art of
  2. Pablo Picasso.
  3. Claude Monet.
  4. Ralph Vaughan Williams.
  5. ethnomusicology.

Answer: a

Page: 38

 

  1. In a holistic culture,
  2. written manuscripts have a special place.
  3. children play a prominent role in ritual.
  4. religions express truths through symbolism.
  5. virtually every object and act may have religious meaning.

Answer: d

Page: 38

 

  1. Compared with indigenous religions, todays dominant religions are
  2. much younger.
  3. much older.
  4. much more difficult to transmit.
  5. more holistic.

Answer: a

Page: 38

 

  1. Animism holds that
  2. animal sacrifice is necessary for ritual purity.
  3. mountains are often at the end of sacred paths.
  4. animal nature must be subservient to human beings.
  5. the life force exists in every part of the universe.

Answer: d

Page: 39

 

  1. Hehaka Sapa, also known as Black Elk, saw the circle as
  2. a form in which many elements of nature arrange themselves and show similar origin.
  3. a special form of the calumet.
  4. evidence that man must dominate nature.
  5. taboo for the people of Easter Island.

Answer: a

Page: 41

 

  1. In Hawai`i, during the celebration of Makahiki
  2. the gods were believed to take on human forms.
  3. touching volcanic rock was kapu.
  4. people received food from the nobles.
  5. war and heavy work were forbidden.

Answer: d

Page: 54

 

  1. The concept of sacred space is evident in all of the following except
  2. Uluru (Ayers Rock).
  3. the pyramids of Teotihuacn.
  4. Lono.
  5. Mount Kilimanjaro.

Answer: c

Page: 43

 

  1. Many African religions tell how the High God created the world and then
  2. abandoned it.
  3. went to Uluru.
  4. became the mother of the Pueblo.
  5. joined the spirits of the dead.

Answer: a

Page: 46

 

  1. Circumcision is a rite often associated with
  2. entry into adulthood.
  3. the vision quest.
  4. the final passing from this life.
  5. taboo and sacrifice.

Answer: a

Page: 49

 

  1. The sacrifice of an animal may occur
  2. in order to placate a spirit after a taboo has been broken.
  3. to celebrate the arrival of menarche.
  4. as an alternative to polygamy.
  5. as an essential part of the ritual using Amanita muscaria.

Answer: a

Page: 53

 

  1. A libation involves
  2. the pouring of a liquid on the ground as an offering.
  3. the shamans ability to fly through the air.
  4. the forbidding of incest and marriage among close relatives.
  5. vivid dreams and visions.

Answer: a

Page: 53

 

  1. A special ability to know or even enter the spirit world is associated with
  2. the shaman.
  3. the Lakota Bible.
  4. John Mbiti.
  5. animism.

Answer: a

Page: 56

 

  1. Divination is employed to
  2. compensate for violation of a taboo.
  3. restore a woman to the social order after childbirth.
  4. read the past or look into the future.
  5. ensure that peyote will be protected by the Supreme Court.

Answer: c

Page: 58

 

  1. Dancers often wear masks
  2. that complement the flowers making up the lei.
  3. because they have great memories for oral texts.
  4. because birds are often assumed to have protective powers.
  5. in order to become the spirit represented by the mask.

Answer: d

Page: 60

 

  1. Christmas, though a Christian holy day, began as a celebration of
  2. the old English goddess of dawn.
  3. the winter solstice.
  4. Samhain in Ireland.
  5. the return of ancestral spirits to the world.

Answer: b

Page: 65

 

  1. Indigenous religions today are especially threatened by
  2. destruction of habitat.
  3. ecotourism.
  4. resistance to the spread of television.
  5. the weakness of the logging industry.

Answer: a

Page: 64

 

  1. Maori religion is part of the cultural rebirth in
  2. New Zealand.
  3. New Mexico.
  4. New Guinea.
  5. Australia.

Answer: a

Page: 68

 

  1. The calumet is a
  2. pipe.
  3. drum.
  4. mask.
  5. sand painting.

Answer: a

Page: 57

 

  1. Until recently, oral religions were looked at as
  2. too involved with symbolism.
  3. primitive and undeveloped.
  4. overly complex.
  5. a peak of religious early insight.

Answer: b

Page: 36

 

  1. Sacred time tends to focus on the
  2. distant future.
  3. immediate future.
  4. present.
  5. distant past.

Answer: d

Page: 42

 

  1. Sacred space is often constituted by
  2. a great mountain or tree.
  3. the construction of a skyscraper.
  4. the command of a ruler.
  5. the veneration of a sacred book.

Answer: a

Page: 43

 

  1. The vision quest in Native American religions
  2. has often been associated with marriage ceremonies.
  3. is frequently undergone during adolescence.
  4. always makes use of hallucinatory herbs.
  5. is a part of preparing for death.

Answer: b

Page: 49

 

  1. Important times in the development of the individual are often marked in indigenous religions by ceremonies. These are commonly called
  2. initiatory ceremonies.
  3. circumambulations.
  4. scarification.
  5. rites of passage.

Answer: d

Page: 48

 

  1. The belief that all elements of the world are inhabited by spirits or a spirit is called
  2. divination.
  3. naturalism.
  4. spiritualism.
  5. animism.

Answer: d

Page: 39

 

  1. Indigenous religions
  2. frequently make little or no distinction between a god and an ancestor.
  3. make clear distinctions between natural and supernatural.
  4. frequently value androgyny.
  5. almost always mark marriage with public religious ceremonies.

Answer: a

Page: 48

 

  1. The Sioux term wakan means
  2. holy, mysterious.
  3. mountain god.
  4. sky, space.
  5. brightness

Answer: a

Page: 39

 

  1. Joseph Campbell, in his books, has strongly recommended reading the myths of many religions. Doing this, he says,
  2. gives us a sense of the great variety of creation stories.
  3. makes us more tolerant of other religions.
  4. sharpens our appreciation for storytelling and drama.
  5. shows us the symbolic meaning that underlies religious stories.

Answer: d

Page: 48

 

  1. The term Poro refers to
  2. a mourning ritual performed at the death of a religious leader.
  3. a secret initiation society for males.
  4. the general name for the dried powders used for Navajo sand paintings.
  5. a dance of the Lakota people.

Answer: b

Page: 49

 

  1. Very common to the vision quest is
  2. the creation of a sand painting.
  3. several days of dancing.
  4. the memorization of the names of ancestors.
  5. fasting.

Answer: d

Page: 49

 

  1. Taboos
  2. are quite similar in most societies.
  3. are social rewards for good deeds.
  4. often exist regarding sex, marriage, and birth.
  5. are not found in some societies.

Answer: c

Page: 52

 

  1. To atone means
  2. to do something to show regret for wrongdoing.
  3. to eat food that has been ritually offered on an altar.
  4. to consult spirits, usually through a shaman.
  5. to pour out a liquid as an offering to a god or ancestor.

Answer: a

Page: 53

 

  1. In many Native American religions
  2. animals are believed to have been created after humans.
  3. human beings have an antagonistic relationship with animals.
  4. human beings and animals are often viewed as coming into existence together.
  5. animal sacrifices are regularly performed.

Answer: c

Page: 41

 

  1. Sacred time in indigenous religions is
  2. cyclical.
  3. linear.
  4. relative.
  5. historically focused.

Answer: a

Page: 42

 

  1. One distinctive part of Navaho healing rituals is
  2. woven rugs with geometric patterns.
  3. silver and turquoise jewelry
  4. traditional powwow dances.
  5. sand paintings.

Answer: d

Page: 59

 

  1. A kiva is
  2. a ritual toast offered in special indigenous ceremonies.
  3. an underground chamber used in rituals.
  4. a multistoried house.
  5. a special kind of sand painting.

Answer: b

Page: 44

 

  1. Traditional Pueblo peoples live in
  2. multistoried villages.
  3. underground rooms called kivas.
  4. tipis.
  5. log lodges.

Answer: a

Page: 44

 

  1. Pueblo peoples consider kachinas to be
  2. gods
  3. spirits of animals, people, or plants that can act as guardian spirits.
  4. humans in full dance regalia.
  5. powerful village shamans.

Answer: b

Page: 44

 

Essay Topics

 

  1. Explain why indigenous religions are no longer called primitive religions but instead are called primal religions. What is the difference of meaning in the two terms?

 

  1. Offer two reasons why indigenous religions in the past received less scholarly attention than the dominant religions.

 

  1. Describe three developments that have promoted renewed interest in indigenous religions.

 

  1. What do we mean when we describe a culture as holistic?

 

  1. Describe the relationship of human beings with the rest of nature that is typical of several North American native religions.

 

  1. Describe briefly two examples of sacred time and two of sacred space.

 

  1. Explain the notion of the High God in indigenous religions.

 

  1. Describe three typical life-cycle ceremonies and give an example of each from a specific indigenous religion.

 

  1. Explain the notion of taboo. Describe two specific religion-based examples, and speculate on how or why each arose.

 

  1. What roles does the shaman typically perform in indigenous religions? List three contemporary professions that involve work that might be undertaken by a shaman.

 

  1. Describe the trance state as practiced by a specific religion. What is the goal of the practice?

 

  1. Describe the special roles played by the arts in indigenous religionsroles often taken by texts in book-centered religions. Offer two specific examples.

 

  1. Describe two specific trends that today threaten the existence of indigenous religions.

 

  1. Describe one specific example of oral religion existing within elements of a religion that apparently absorbed it.

 

Chapter 12 Test Bank

 

 

Multiple-Choice Questions

 

  1. The desire for a separation of church and state came about as the result of
  2. religious wars in Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
  3. greater travel as a result of mapmaking.
  4. contact between Europe and non-Western cultures.
  5. the thought of Chinese and Japanese philosophers.

Answer: a

Page: 519

 

  1. The view of religion as an outdated method for providing solutions to lifes problems was espoused by
  2. technologism.
  3. consumerism.
  4. nationalism.
  5. Communism.

Answer: d

Page: 521

 

  1. Gender-neutral prayers
  2. have come as a result of influence from the womens rights movement.
  3. have been well-received by most religious groups.
  4. were common a thousand years ago.
  5. are a literal translation of biblical prayers.

Answer: a

Page: 514

 

  1. The Catholic Church has worked to accommodate itself to the modern world, as shown by
  2. the Second Vatican Council in 1965.
  3. the Council of Trent.
  4. the refusal to ordain women as priests.
  5. the continued use of traditional clothing.

Answer: a

Page: 524

 

  1. The environmentalism movement is least strong in what regard?
  2. the prophetic, moral dimension
  3. the sacramental, ritualistic dimension
  4. the mystical dimension
  5. the political dimension

Answer: b

Page: 527

 

  1. A modern artist who has shown great sensitivity in the portrayal of flowers at very close range is
  2. Louise Nevelson.
  3. Georgia OKeeffe.
  4. Mark Rothko.
  5. Richard Diebenkorn.

Answer: b

Page: 531

 

  1. Abraham Maslow was a psychologist interested in spirituality, who talked about
  2. inner travel.
  3. dream insights.
  4. peak experiences.
  5. environmental sensitivity.

Answer: c

Page: 529

 

  1. Applied science is
  2. scientific theory.
  3. science used for practical purposes.
  4. the use of hypotheses to further scientific knowledge.
  5. the use of scientific theories by scientists of later centuries.

Answer: b

Page: 516

 

  1. Living and thinking without reference to a religion is called
  2. rationalism.
  3. transcendentalism.
  4. ecotourism.
  5. secularism.

Answer: d

Page: 519

 

  1. T. H. Huxley, an English biologist, created what term?
  2. agnosticism
  3. nontheism
  4. secularism
  5. pantheism

Answer: a

Page: 520

 

  1. James Morton, Dean Emeritus of the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, has said that religion is an old word for the reality of relationship, and that the new word for that reality is
  2. reverence.
  3. ecology.
  4. recollection.
  5. tradition.

Answer: b

Page: 522

 

  1. The artist who created a Japanese garden and spent more than forty years painting pictures of it was
  2. Vincent van Gogh.
  3. Claude Monet.
  4. Paul Czanne.
  5. Pablo Picasso.

Answer: b

Page: 526

 

  1. John Muir
  2. worked to have Yosemite declared a national park.
  3. wrote books about using music for growth in spirituality.
  4. warned repeatedly about the use of pesticides.
  5. painted pictures of the Hudson River and its surrounding territory.

Answer: a

Page: 526

 

  1. It is possible to see in the comic-book figure of Superman an underlying
  2. pessimism.
  3. cynicism.
  4. messianism.
  5. multiculturalism.

Answer: c

Page: 530

 

  1. The person who became famous for photographing Yosemite was
  2. Ansel Adams.
  3. Diane Arbus.
  4. Dorothea Lange.
  5. Henri Cartier-Bresson.

Answer: a

Page: 533

 

  1. French impressionist music, such as that of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, was often inspired by
  2. the rhythms of the machine age.
  3. the desire to express vitality and speed.
  4. a longing for the music of the Middle Ages.
  5. the sounds and appearance of nature.

Answer: d

Page: 534

 

  1. The first World Parliament of Religions was held in 1893 in
  2. Calcutta.
  3. Geneva.
  4. Assisi.
  5. Chicago.

Answer: d

Page: 512

 

  1. The leader who represented Hinduism at the first World Parliament of Religions was
  2. Ananda Mai Ma.
  3. Swami Prabhupada.
  4. Swami Vivekenanda.
  5. Sri Ramakrishna.

Answer: c

Page: 512

 

  1. The founder of which of these Christian denominations was female?
  2. Christian Science and the Foursquare Gospel Church
  3. Unitarianism and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  4. Unity and Scientology
  5. Quaker (Society of Friends) and Unification Church

Answer: a

Page: 513

 

 

Essay Topics

 

  1. How does science view the universe, the earth, and human beings?

 

  1. What challenges does science give to religion?

 

  1. What challenges does religion give to science?

 

  1. What are some examples of religious ideas and images that can be found in popular music?

 

  1. How has the womens rights movement changed religion? Which religions seem to be the most changed and which the least?

 

  1. Describe the variety of religious attitudes toward human sexuality. What changes in religious attitudes about this topic during the past century can you list?

 

  1. Some religions have looked at nature pessimistically, seeing it as dangerous to the spirit. List these religions and explain the reasoning behind their attitude toward nature.

 

  1. Communism has shown a number of parallels with religions. Please explain.

 

  1. What challenges does modern democratic capitalism bring to traditional religions?

 

  1. Describe the change in attitude toward animals that seems to have been occurring in the past 150 years. How will this influence current religions?

 

 

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