Financial and Managerial Accounting 16th Edition Test Bank Williams

Financial and Managerial Accounting  16th Edition  Test Bank  Williams
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Chapter 07
Financial Assets

True / False Questions

1. Showing marketable securities on the balance sheet at current market values violates the consistency principle.
True False

2. A line of credit creates a liability for the borrower when it is granted by the bank.
True False

3. The first step in a bank reconciliation is to update the depositors accounting records for any deposits-in-transit.
True False

4. To write-off an account receivable is to reduce the balance of the customers account to zero.
True False

5. The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is a contra-asset account and appears on the balance sheet.
True False

6. The balance shown on a bank statement is always less than the month-end balance of a companys cash account in the general ledger.
True False

7. Deposits-in-transit would not appear on a companys bank reconciliation but would appear on the companys bank statement.
True False

8. Entries made in the general journal after preparing a bank reconciliation are called closing entries.
True False

9. Financial assets may be current or long-term assets.
True False

10. Cash equivalents include money market funds, U.S. Treasury bills, and high-grade commercial paper.
True False

11. The term financial asset is synonymous with the term cash equivalent.
True False

12. Cash equivalents are the most liquid of assets.
True False

13. A credit memoranda from a bank indicates that they have decreased the depositors cash balance.
True False

14. U.S. Treasury bills that mature within six months are cash equivalents.
True False

15. A company with more than one bank checking account should show more than one account for Cash in its balance sheet.
True False

16. The amount of cash that should appear on the balance sheet is equal to the amount of cash on deposit, plus currency, coin, and customers checks on hand, minus the balance of the Cash Over and Short account.
True False

17. Financial assets describe not just cash, but all assets that are easily and directly convertible into known amounts of cash, except marketable securities.
True False

18. Restricted cash may be available to meet the normal operating needs of a company.
True False

19. A compensating balance is often required by a bank as a condition for granting a loan.
True False

20. An unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities will increase shareholders equity.
True False

21. Internal control is strengthened by a policy of making payments by check, or from cash receipts, or from a petty cash fund.
True False

22. Compensating balances are not included in the amount of cash listed on a balance sheet.
True False

23. In order to be classified as available-for-sale securities, the investment cannot be held for a period longer than three months.
True False

24. In order for a companys accounting records to be up-to-date and accurate after a bank reconciliation has been completed, journal entries should be made for any service charges by the bank and for deposits-in-transit.
True False

25. Internal control will aid in achieving accurate accounting for cash.
True False

26. Marketable securities includes investments in bonds and in the capital stocks of publicly traded corporations.
True False

27. The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts should be listed on the balance sheet as a current liability.
True False

28. Short-term investments in marketable securities may not be reported in the balance sheet at values higher than original cost.
True False

29. If the allowance method is used and an account receivable that had been previously written-off is collected, income is currently recorded.
True False

30. The income statement approach used to estimate uncollectible receivables uses a percentage of net sales without considering the current balance in the Allowance account.
True False

31. The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is called a valuation account, or contra-asset account, and normally has a credit balance.
True False

32. When an Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is used, accounts receivable are valued in the balance sheet at their estimated net realizable value.
True False

33. A major purpose of using an Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is to recognize uncollectible accounts expense in the same accounting period as the related sales which caused the expense.
True False

34. A debit memoranda from a bank indicates that they have decreased your cash balance.
True False

35. When the direct write-off method is used to recognize uncollectible accounts expense, an Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is not required.
True False

36. When doing a bank reconciliation, an NSF check will reduce the banks balance.
True False

37. The lower the accounts receivable turnover rate, the longer a company must wait to collect from its credit customers.
True False

38. An unrealized loss on available-for-sale securities will reduce net income.
True False

39. The direct write-off method is more conservative than the allowance method for valuation of receivables.
True False

40. Gains (or losses) on sales of marketable securities, as well as any unrealized holding gains (or losses) on investments in available for sale securities, are reported in the income statement.
True False

41. A note receivable which is not collected promptly at the maturity date should be written off the books by a debit to Accounts Receivable and a credit to Notes Receivable.
True False

42. If the time span covered by a note is stated in days, the number of days for which interest accrues is computed by omitting the day on which the note is dated but including the day on which the note falls due.
True False

43. Non U. S. companies can never be compared to U. S. Companies because non U. S. companies use foreign currencies.
True False

44. Many fraudulent financial reporting schemes seek to manipulate accounts payable in order to overstate revenue and income.
True False

45. It has been found that improper revenue recognition was the most common scheme in fraud-related SEC enforcement actions.
True False

46. Management may wish to overstate a companys income because bonus plans and stock options are related to reported earnings.
True False

Multiple Choice Questions

47. In order to overstate income, a company may fraudulently:
A. Capitalize operating expenses.
B. Recognize revenue before it is earned.
C. Both capitalize operating expenses and recognize revenue before it is earned.
D. Neither capitalize operating expenses nor recognize revenue before it is earned.

48. A good system of internal control will include all of the following except:
A. Preparing a pro-forma financial statement on a monthly basis.
B. Separating the handling of cash from the maintenance of accounting records.
C. Making all major payments by check.
D. Reconciling bank statements with accounting records.

49. In order to hold each department manager accountable for monthly cash transactions, a business will often prepare:
A. A bank reconciliation.
B. A bank statement.
C. A cash budget.
D. Petty cash vouchers.

50. Which of the following does not contribute toward achieving internal control over cash payments?
A. The practice of making small cash disbursements directly from the current days cash receipts.
B. The use of a voucher system.
C. The use of a petty cash fund.
D. The practice of approving every expenditure before the cash disbursement is made.

51. The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts will appear on the:
A. Income statement.
B. Balance sheet.
C. Cash flow statement.
D. Owners equity statement.

52. Concentrations of credit risk occur if:
A. A significant portion of receivables are due from a few major customers.
B. A significant portion of receivables are from customers in the same industry.
C. Both of the above.
D. Neither of the above.

53. The mark-to-market adjustment for investments classified as available for sale affects:
A. The balance sheet.
B. The income statement.
C. The cash flow statement.
D. All of the above.

54. Financial assets include all of the following except:
A. Cash.
B. Marketable securities.
C. Inventories.
D. Accounts receivable.

55. The bookkeeper prepared a check for $68 but accidentally recorded it as $86. When preparing the bank reconciliation, this should be corrected by:
A. Adding $18 to the bank balance.
B. Subtracting $18 from the bank balance.
C. Adding $18 to the book balance.
D. Subtracting $18 from the book balance.

56. After preparing a bank reconciliation, a journal entry would be required for which of the following?
A. A deposit in transit.
B. A check for $48 given to a supplier but not yet recorded by the companys bank.
C. Interest earned on the companys checking account.
D. A deposit made by a company with a similar name and credited to your account.

57. All the following are steps included in the preparation of a bank reconciliation except:
A. Comparing deposits listed on the bank statement with the deposits shown in the accounting records.
B. Arranging checks by serial numbers and comparing with those listed in the accounting records.
C. Deducting any debit memoranda from the balance on the bank statement.
D. Preparing journal entries for any adjustments to the depositors records.

58. Each of these categories of assets is normally shown in the balance sheet at current value, except:
A. Inventories.
B. Accounts receivable.
C. Short-term investments in marketable securities.
D. Cash.

59. Financial assets:
A. Consist of cash and cash equivalents.
B. Are reported at cost in the balance sheet.
C. Include short-term investments in marketable securities and receivables, as well as cash.
D. Are not very productive assets and should be kept to a minimum in a well-managed company.

60. Which of the following is not considered a cash equivalent?
A. US Treasury bills.
B. Money market funds.
C. Accounts receivable.
D. High-grade commercial paper.

61. The term cash equivalent refers to:
A. An item such as a money order, travelers check, or check from a customer.
B. An account receivable from a reliable customer who has always paid bills within the discount period.
C. A guaranteed line of credit at the companys bank.
D. Very liquid short-term investments such as U.S. Treasury Bills and commercial paper.

62. Under the allowance method, when a receivable that had been previously written off is collected:
A. Net income is increased.
B. Net assets are increased.
C. Net income and net assets are not affected.
D. Net assets and net income are both increased.

63. Which of the following is not an example of internal control over cash?
A. Preparation of a cash budget.
B. Daily deposits of cash receipts at the bank.
C. Combining the functions of signing checks with the approval of expenditures.
D. Preparation of bank reconciliation.

64. Which of the following practices best illustrates efficient management of cash?
A. The accountant records all cash receipts and payments when reconciling the bank account at the end of each month.
B. Management arranges for a loan to cover projected cash shortages during the production phase of the business cycle each year.
C. Cash budgets (forecasts) are prepared only one month in advance in order to avoid the need for constant revision.
D. All cash resources are held in the checking account to maximize liquidity.

65. Efficient management of cash includes which of the following concepts?
A. Pay each bill as soon as the invoice is received.
B. Deposit all cash receipts and make all cash disbursements at the end of each week.
C. Prepare monthly cash budgets (forecasts) up to a year in advance.
D. Pay suppliers in cash out of cash sales receipts before depositing them in the bank.

66. With a line of credit, a liability arises:
A. As soon as the line is created.
B. As soon as any money is borrowed.
C. Upon repayment of the debt.
D. At maturity date.

67. Interest received is shown on which section of the statement of cash flows?
A. Operating.
B. Investing.
C. Financing.
D. Leveraging.

68. Which of the following is not a basic means of achieving internal control over cash receipts?
A. Separate the functions of cash handling and maintenance of accounting records.
B. Prepare a daily listing of cash received through the mail.
C. Deposit all cash receipts daily in the petty cash fund.
D. Use cash registers or pre-numbered sales tickets to record cash sales.

69. In order to achieve internal control over cash receipts:
A. The employee who handles checks received in the mail should not prepare the control listing.
B. The cashier should not deposit cash in the bank.
C. The salesclerk should not count the cash in the register at the end of the day.
D. The checks received in the mail from customers should not be sent to the accounting department to be recorded as cash receipts.

70. Which of the following items on a bank reconciliation may not have been known to the depositor until the bank statement had arrived?
A. Bank service charges.
B. An NSF check.
C. A credit for interest earned.
D. All three of the above.

71. The primary purpose of a petty cash fund is:
A. Accuracy.
B. Convenience.
C. Internal control.
D. Conservatism.

72. Marketable securities are classified into three types; which one is not one of the three types?
A. Available-for-sale.
B. Mark-to-market.
C. Trading.
D. Held-to-maturity.

73. With available-for-sale securities, unrealized holding gains and losses are:
A. Not reported until recognized.
B. Reported on the income statement.
C. Reported as an unearned revenue on the balance sheet.
D. Reported in the stockholders equity section of the balance sheet.

74. When preparing a bank reconciliation, checks outstanding will:
A. Increase the balance per depositors records.
B. Decrease the balance per depositors records.
C. Increase the balance per the bank statement.
D. Decrease the balance per the bank statement.

75. The purpose of establishing a petty cash fund is to:
A. Achieve internal control over small cash disbursements not made by check.
B. Keep track of expenditures paid out of cash receipts from customers prior to deposit.
C. Ensure that the amount of cash in the bank does not become excessive.
D. Keep enough cash on hand in the office to cover all normal operating expenses of the business for a period of time.

76. When preparing a bank reconciliation, an NSF check will:
A. Increase the balance per depositors records.
B. Decrease the balance per depositors records.
C. Increase the balance per the bank statement.
D. Decrease the balance per the bank statement.

77. The valuation principle of mark-to-market applied to investments classified as available for sale securities:
A. Affects the current period income statement, but not the balance sheet.
B. Enhances usefulness of the balance sheet in evaluating solvency of a business.
C. Applies to marketable securities and inventories.
D. Requires a corporation to adjust its capital stock account to reflect current market value of its outstanding capital stock.

78. A bank reconciliation explains the differences between:
A. Cash receipts and cash disbursements for the period.
B. The balance of cash in the bank and the budgeted expenditures for the upcoming accounting period.
C. The balance per bank statement and the cash balance per the accounting records of the depositor.
D. The balance per bank statement and cash expected to be on hand according to the cash forecast.

79. In reconciling a bank statement, which of the following items could cause the cash per the bank statement to be greater than the balance of cash shown in the depositors accounting records?
A. An outstanding check.
B. A check returned to the depositor marked NSF.
C. Check 457 written for $643 was recorded by the depositor as $463.
D. A bank service charge.

80. When preparing a bank reconciliation, deposits in transit will:
A. Increase the balance per depositors records.
B. Decrease the balance per depositors records.
C. Increase the balance per the bank statement.
D. Decrease the balance per the bank statement.

81. An NSF check returned by the bank should be entered in the depositors accounting records by a debit to:
A. Accounts Receivable.
B. An expense account.
C. Cash.
D. Cash Over and Short.

82. In preparing a bank reconciliation, a service charge shown on the bank statement should be:
A. Added to the balance per the bank statement.
B. Deducted from the balance per the bank statement.
C. Added to the balance per the depositors records.
D. Deducted from the balance per the depositors records.

83. Enclosed with the bank statement received by Sydney Company at October 31 was an NSF check for $300. No entry has yet been made by the company to reflect the banks action in charging back the NSF check. During preparation of the bank reconciliation, the NSF check should be:
A. Deducted from the balance per the depositors records.
B. Deducted from the balance per the bank statement.
C. Added to the balance per the bank statement.
D. Added to the balance per the depositors records.

84. When a bank reconciliation has been satisfactorily completed, the only related entries to be made in the depositors records are:
A. To correct errors made by the bank in recording the dollar amounts of cash transactions during the period.
B. To reconcile items that explain the difference between the balance per the books and the balance per the bank statement.
C. To record outstanding checks and bank service charges.
D. To record items that explain the difference between the balance per the accounting records and the adjusted cash balance.

85. During preparation of a bank reconciliation, outstanding checks should be:
A. Added to the balance per the bank statement.
B. Deducted from the balance per the bank statement.
C. Added to the balance per the depositors records.
D. Deducted from the balance per the depositors records.

86. When the account Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is used, writing-off of an uncollectible accounts receivable will:
A. Reduce income.
B. Reduce an expense.
C. Not change income or total assets.
D. Increase total assets.

87. Which of the following items would cause cash per the bank statement to be smaller than the balance of cash shown in the accounting records?
A. Outstanding checks.
B. Interest earned on the average balance of the checking account.
C. Check no. 824, in the amount of $620.30, is recorded by the bank as $602.30.
D. Deposits in transit.

88. Which of the following items would cause cash per the bank statement to be larger than the balance of cash shown in the accounting records?
A. Bank service charges.
B. Deposits in transit.
C. Outstanding checks.
D. NSF check from one of the depositors customers.

89. When a petty cash fund is in use:
A. Petty cash is debited only when the fund is replenished.
B. The general bank account is debited only when this fund is established.
C. Small payments are made out of cash receipts before they are deposited.
D. Expenses paid from the fund are recorded when the fund is replenished.

90. When preparing a bank reconciliation, bank service charges will:
A. Increase the balance per depositors records.
B. Decrease the balance per depositors records.
C. Increase the balance per the bank statement.
D. Decrease the balance per the bank statement.

91. The financial statements of Baxter Corporation include an Unrealized Holding Gain on Investments. This item:
A. Is included in the income statement.
B. Is shown as a reduction in total stockholders equity.
C. Indicates that Baxters marketable securities have a current market value higher than cost.
D. Indicate that Baxter Corporation sold marketable securities during the period at a gain.

92. Accounts receivable are classified as current assets:
A. Only if convertible into cash within 60 days or sooner.
B. Only if the allowance method is used to estimate the uncollectible accounts.
C. Only if convertible into cash within one year.
D. Whenever the accounts receivable arise from normal sales of merchandise to customers, regardless of the credit terms.

93. Accounts receivable appear in the balance sheet:
A. As current assets, combined with cash and cash equivalents.
B. As current assets, immediately after cash and cash equivalents.
C. As either current assets or noncurrent assets, depending on whether the allowance method or the direct write-off method is used to account for uncollectible accounts.
D. Only if the balance sheet method of estimating uncollectible accounts is used.

94. Uncollectible accounts expense:
A. Should not occur if the credit department properly investigates prospective customers who wish to purchase merchandise on credit.
B. Is the amount of cash a business must pay each time a credit customer fails to pay his or her account.
C. Is the amount a business must pay to a collection agency to recover amounts on overdue accounts receivable.
D. Represents the loss in value of accounts receivable that are estimated to be uncollectible.

95. When reading a bank statement, which reference indicates an increase in the cash balance?
A. Debit Memorandum.
B. Credit Memorandum.
C. NSF Check.
D. Service Charge.

96. The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts represents:
A. Cash set aside to make up for bad debt losses.
B. The amount of uncollectible accounts written off to date.
C. The difference between total credit sales and collections on credit sales.
D. The difference between the face value of accounts receivable and the net realizable value of accounts receivable.

97. When determining the uncollectible accounts expense in computing taxable income, income tax regulations:
A. Require the allowance method.
B. Require the direct write-off method.
C. Require the income statement approach.
D. Allow any method.

98. The aging of the accounts receivable approach to estimating uncollectible accounts does not:
A. Take into consideration the existing balance in the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
B. Utilize a percentage of probable uncollectible accounts for each age group of accounts receivable.
C. Stress the relationship between uncollectible accounts expense and net sales.
D. Tend to give a reliable estimate of uncollectible accounts because of the consideration given to the collectability of specific accounts receivable.

99. If a company uses a percentage of net sales in computing the amount of uncollectible accounts expense:
A. No valuation allowance will be required.
B. The relationship between revenue and expenses is being stressed more than the valuation of receivables at the balance sheet date.
C. The existing balance in the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts will be increased sufficiently to equal the probable loss indicated by the percentage of net sales computation.
D. Any past-due accounts will be listed as a separate item in the balance sheet.

100. Randall, Inc. uses the allowance method supported by an aging of its accounts receivable to recognize uncollectible accounts expense in its financial statements. What method of recognizing this expense does Randall use in its income tax return?
A. It must use the same method.
B. The direct write-off method.
C. Either the balance sheet or income statement approach is acceptable.
D. None, since uncollectible accounts expense is not deductible for income tax purposes.

101. The mark-to-market valuation principle:
A. Adheres to the cost principle.
B. Adheres to conservatism.
C. Does not adhere to the cost principle or conservatism.
D. Adheres to both the cost principle and conservatism.

102. The direct write-off method of recognizing uncollectible accounts expense:
A. Is acceptable only when most of the companys sales are on credit.
B. Records uncollectible accounts expense when individual accounts receivable are determined to be worthless.
C. Records uncollectible accounts expense when customers exceed their credit limits.
D. Uses a valuation account to record specific customer accounts deemed uncollectible.

103. Joe Costello handles cash receipts from customers and also has responsibility for issuing credit memoranda, writing off uncollectible accounts, and maintaining the accounts receivable records. When customers pay their accounts, Costello occasionally issues a credit memorandum and steals the cash received from the customer. This fraud should come to light if an employee other than Costello:
A. Reconciles the bank statement to the accounting records.
B. Reconciles the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger to the accounts receivable controlling account.
C. Investigates weekly all accounts written off as uncollectible.
D. Reconciles credit memoranda for sales returns to returned merchandise accepted by the receiving department.

104. Shrek Cyclery sells a bicycle to W. OConnor, a customer who uses Empress Charge (a national credit card, but not issued by a bank). In recording this sale, Shrek Cyclery should record:
A. An account receivable from W. OConnor.
B. A cash receipt.
C. An account receivable from Empress Charge.
D. A small increase in the allowance for doubtful accounts.

105. The Kansas Company makes credit sales to customers who use bank credit cards (such as Visa or MasterCard) as well as to customers who use non-bank credit cards (such as American Express or Diners Club). In this situation:
A. Sales to customers using bank credit cards are recorded as cash sales.
B. Regardless of the type of credit card used by the customer, Kansas records a receivable from the credit card company when a credit sale is made.
C. Regardless of the type of credit card used by the customer, Kansas estimates uncollectible accounts related to these credit sales using the allowance method.
D. The fees charged by the credit card company reduce the dollar amount of sales recorded.

106. Sales to customers using bank credit cards, such as Visa or MasterCard, are recorded as:
A. Cash sales.
B. An account receivable from the cardholder.
C. An account receivable from the bank.
D. Credit card discount expense.

107. The accounts receivable turnover rate:
A. Indicates how many times the receivables were converted into cash during the year.
B. Is computed by dividing average receivables by sales.
C. Indicates the average number of days a business waits to make collection on a credit sale.
D. Indicates the proportion of a companys accounts receivable that the independent auditors were unable to confirm.

108. The accounts receivable turnover rate for Baldwin Corporation is 8, and for Basinger Company is 10. These statistics indicate that:
A. Basinger collects its accounts receivable within 10 days on average; Baldwin collects its accounts receivable in 8 days on average.
B. Basinger writes off as uncollectible a greater percentage of its accounts receivable than does Baldwin Company.
C. Basinger collects its accounts receivable faster than does Baldwin Company.
D. Basinger makes on average 10 credit sales annually to each of its customers, while Baldwin makes 8 credit sales to each customer.

109. Available-for-sale securities are usually held for:
A. Less than three months.
B. Between six and eighteen months.
C. Greater than one year.
D. Less than one month.

110. Under the allowance method, when a receivable that had been previously written off is collected:
A. Income is recognized.
B. An expense is reduced.
C. Net income is not affected.
D. Net assets are increased.

111. Which of the following activities affects net income, but has no immediate impact upon cash flows?
A. Collection of an account receivable.
B. Making the end-of-period adjustment to record estimated uncollectible accounts.
C. Investing excess cash in marketable securities.
D. Write-off of an uncollectible account receivable against the allowance.

112. Each of the following transactions would be reflected in both the income statement and the statement of cash flows for the current period, except:
A. Purchase of marketable securities for cash.
B. Receipt of dividends earned on investments.
C. Payment of interest on bonds.
D. Sale of merchandise for cash.

113. Investments in available-for-sale marketable securities:
A. Only include investments in the capital stock of publicly traded corporations.
B. May be reported in the balance sheet at market values lower than cost, but never at values in excess of original cost.
C. Are adjusted to current market value at the end of each accounting period.
D. Are carried in the accounting records at current market values, and therefore do not generate gains or losses when sold at market values.

114. The purpose of the mark-to-market adjustment for securities classified as available-for-sale is:
A. To adjust the valuation of a companys investment to current market value.
B. To recognize the proper amount of gain or loss on fluctuations in the market value of these securities in the current period income statement.
C. To adjust a corporations capital stock account to reflect the current market value of the outstanding capital stock.
D. Both a and b are correct.

115. The mark-to-market adjustment:
A. Affects both the balance sheet and the current period income statement.
B. Is not made when the current market value of investments in marketable securities is higher than original cost.
C. May result in either a gain or a loss to be reported in the current period income statement.
D. Represents a departure from the cost principle.

116. An Unrealized Holding Gain (or Loss) on Investments classified as available-for-sale securities:
A. Is reported in the asset section of the balance sheet, as an adjustment to the carrying value of the marketable securities.
B. Is reported in the stockholders equity section of the balance sheet, as either an increase or decrease in total stockholders equity.
C. Appears in the current period income statement, combined with realized gains and losses from sales of securities.
D. Indicates the amount of cash a company would receive if the marketable securities were sold as of the balance sheet date.

117. J. Lennon borrows a sum of money from Y. Ono. A promissory note is used to document the terms of the transaction. In this situation:
A. J. Lennon is considered the maker of the note.
B. J. Lennon is considered the payee of the note.
C. J. Lennon records the note as an asset in his accounting records.
D. The maker of the note could be either Y. Ono or J. Lennon depending on which party actually draws up the document.

118. Anthony loaned $2,000 to Cleopatra for one year at 10% interest, all due at maturity. He insisted the terms of the transaction be formalized in a promissory note. In this situation:
A. The maturity value of the note is $2,000.
B. Anthony is considered the maker of the note and records the note as an asset in his accounting records.
C. Anthony is considered the maker of the note and records the note as a liability in his accounting records.
D. Cleopatra is considered the maker of the note and records the note as a liability in her [his] accounting records.

119. In regard to the accounts receivable turnover rate:
A. The higher the better.
B. The lower the better.
C. In some industries it is better higher and in some industries it is better to be lower.
D. The auto industry prefers a lower rate.

120. When a promissory note is issued, you would expect to find:
A. Notes payable and interest expense in the financial statements of the maker of the note throughout the life of the note.
B. Notes receivable and interest revenue in the financial statements of the maker of the note throughout the life of the note.
C. Notes receivable in the financial statements of the maker of the note throughout the life of the note, but interest revenue only when interest payments are received.
D. Notes payable in the financial statements of the payee of the note throughout the life of the note, but interest expense only when interest payments are made.

121. When the maker of a note defaults:
A. An account receivable is recorded for the principal amount of the note only.
B. An account receivable is recorded in the amount of the principal plus interest through the maturity date.
C. Any interest earned for the current period is not recorded, since the maker has defaulted.
D. Any interest earned in a previous period that has already been recorded as interest receivable is written off as a loss due to the makers default.

122. As of December 31, 2009, Valley Company has $16,920 cash in its checking account, as well as several other items listed below:

What amount should be shown in Valleys December 31, 2009, balance sheet as Cash and cash equivalents?
A. $53,200.
B. $70,120.
C. $130,120.
D. $113,200.

On November 1, 2010, Salem Corporation sold land priced at $900,000 in exchange for a 6%, six-month note receivable.

123. The journal entry made by Salem to record this transaction on November 1, 2010, includes:
A. A debit to Notes Receivable of $927,000.
B. A debit to Interest Receivable of $27,000.
C. A credit to Interest Revenue of $27,000.
D. A debit to Notes Receivable of $900,000.

124. Salems balance sheet at December 31, 2010 includes which of the following as a result of the sale of land on November 1?
A. Notes Receivable of $900,000 and Interest Receivable of $9,000.
B. Notes Receivable of $927,000 and Interest Receivable of $9,000.
C. Notes Receivable of $900,000 and Interest Receivable of $27,000.
D. Notes Receivable of $900,000 only.

125. On May 1, 2011 (maturity date), the note is collected in full by Salem Corporation. Assuming a fiscal year-end of December 31, Salem recognizes which of the following in its income statement for 2011 with regard to this note?
A. $927,000 sales revenue.
B. $27,000 interest revenue.
C. $18,000 interest revenue.
D. $9,000 interest revenue.

126. Assuming the maker of the note defaults on May 1, 2011, Salem will record on this date:
A. An account receivable of $900,000 from the maker of the note.
B. An account receivable in the amount of $900,000, as well as interest expense of $27,000.
C. An account receivable in the amount of $927,000, as well as interest revenue of $18,000.
D. An account receivable in the amount of $900,000, as well as interest revenue of $18,000.

On June 1, 2009, Jensen Company acquired an 8%, ten-month note receivable from a customer in settlement of an existing account receivable of $130,000. Interest and principal are due at maturity.

127. The proper adjusting entry at December 31, 2009, with regard to this note receivable includes a:
A. Debit to Cash of $6,067.
B. Debit to Notes Receivable of $10,400.
C. Credit to Interest Revenue of $10,400.
D. Debit to Accrued Interest Receivable of $6,067.

128. Jensens entry to record the collection of this note at maturity includes a:
A. Credit to Accrued Interest Receivable of $6,067.
B. Credit to Interest Revenue of $6,067.
C. Credit to Interest Receivable of $2,600.
D. Credit to Notes Receivable of $140,400.

129. While preparing a bank reconciliation, an accountant discovered that a $426 check returned with the bank statement had been recorded erroneously in the depositors accounting records as $462. In preparing the bank reconciliation the appropriate action to correct this error would be to:
A. Add $36 to the balance per the depositors records.
B. Add $36 to the balance per the bank statement.
C. Deduct $36 from the balance per the bank statement.
D. Deduct $36 from the balance per the depositors records.

130. The accounting records of Golden Company showed cash of $15,250 at June 30. The balance per the bank statement at June 30 was $15,125. The only reconciling items were deposits in transit of $3,200, outstanding checks totaling $4,100, an NSF check for $1,000 returned by the bank which Golden had not yet charged back to the customer, and a bank service charge of $25. The preparation of a bank reconciliation should indicate cash owned by Golden at June 30 in the amount of:
A. $14,475.
B. $15,375.
C. $14,225.
D. $15,525.

131. A bank statement shows a balance of $8,445 at June 30. A bank reconciliation is prepared and includes outstanding checks of $2,790, deposits in transit of $1,350, and a bank service charge of $30. Among the paid checks returned by the bank was check no. 900 in the amount of $600, which the company had erroneously recorded in the accounting records as $60. The adjusted cash balance at June 30 is:
A. $6,975.
B. $6,465.
C. $7,005.
D. $7,575.

The Cash account in the ledger of Hensley, Inc. showed a balance of $3,100 at June 30. The bank statement, however, showed a balance of $3,900 at the same date. The only reconciling items consisted of a $700 deposit in transit, a bank service charge of $7, and a large number of outstanding checks.

132. What is the adjusted cash balance at June 30?
A. $3,900.
B. $3,093.
C. $7,600.
D. Some other amount.

133. What is the total amount of the outstanding checks at June 30?
A. $1,513.
B. $1,486.
C. $1,507.
D. Some other amount.

134. Upon completion of the bank reconciliation, a journal entry will be required to update the depositors accounting records. This entry will include a:
A. Credit to Cash for $700.
B. Debit to Cash for $700.
C. Debit to Cash for $7.
D. Debit to Bank Service Charge Expense for $7.

The Cash account in the ledger of Clear Windows shows a balance of $12,596 at September 30. The bank statement, however, shows a balance of $16,253 at the same date. The only reconciling items consist of a bank service charge of $16, a large number of outstanding checks totaling $6,740, and a deposit in transit.

135. What is the adjusted cash balance in the September 30 bank reconciliation?
A. $16,237.
B. $12,580.
C. $9,513.
D. $5,856.

136. What is the amount of the deposit in transit?
A. $5,856.
B. $9,513.
C. $3,067.
D. $3,083.

137. Cardinal Companys bank statement showed a balance at May 31 of $180,974. The only reconciling items consisted of a large number of outstanding checks totaling $51,847. At May 31, what balance should Cardinals Cash account show?
A. $232,821.
B. $129,127.
C. $77,280.
D. Some other amount.

138. On January 1, Wong Company established a petty cash fund of $300. The journal entry to record the replenishment of the fund for $260 at the end of January includes:
A. A debit to Petty Cash of $260.
B. A credit to Cash of $260.
C. A debit to various expenses of $40.
D. No journal entry; an entry is needed only when the petty cash fund is created or discontinued.

139. Red Pine, Inc. established a $400 petty cash fund several months ago and replenishes it at the end of each month. During the first two weeks of March, $185 was disbursed from the petty cash box for miscellaneous items. If a surprise count of the fund is made on March 15, the petty cash box should contain:
A. $400 cash.
B. $215 cash.
C. $215 cash left for March plus $400 cash for each month since creation of the petty cash fund.
D. $215 cash and receipts for $185 in expenditures.

Kiley Company established a petty cash fund of $750 on January 1. On January 31, receipts for the following items were in the petty cash box:

140. The journal entry on January 1 to record establishment of the petty cash fund includes a:
A. Credit to Cash of $750.
B. Credit to Petty Cash of $750.
C. Debit to Petty Cash Expense of $750.
D. No journal entry is necessary, since no cash of the company has been disbursed yet.

141. The journal entry on January 31 to record replenishment of the petty cash fund includes:
A. A credit to Petty Cash for $575.
B. Debits to various expenses totaling $575.
C. A debit to Petty Cash for $575.
D. A debit to Cash for $575.

142. On January 1, Lucas established a petty cash fund of $350, which it replenishes at the end of each month. When a surprise count of the petty cash fund is made on March 5, the petty cash box contains $70 in cash and receipts for the following items:

This situation indicates:
A. Approximately $210 of petty cash has been invested in cash equivalents.
B. There were approximately $210 in cash disbursements made from the petty cash fund for the first two months of the year.
C. The petty cash expense recognized for the month of March is approximately $210.
D. There is approximately $210 of petty cash that is missing and unaccounted for at March 5.

143. Taylor, Inc. had accounts receivable of $310,000 and an allowance for doubtful accounts of $19,500 just before writing off as worthless an account receivable from Burton Company of $1,300. The net realizable value of the accounts receivable before and after the write-off were:
A. $290,500 before and $289,200 after.
B. $290,500 before and $290,500 after.
C. $310,000 before and $308,700 after.
D. $329,500 before and $328,200 after.

144. Bert had accounts receivable of $280,000 and an allowance for doubtful accounts of $10,800 just before writing off as worthless an account receivable from Ernie Company of $1,600. After writing off this receivable what would be the balance in Berts Allowance for Doubtful Accounts?
A. $10,800 credit balance.
B. $12,400 credit balance.
C. $9,200 credit balance.
D. $9,200 debit balance.

145. At December 31, before adjusting and closing the accounts had occurred, the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts of Seaboard Corporation showed a debit balance of $3,200. An aging of the accounts receivable indicated the amount probably uncollectible to be $2,100. Under these circumstances, a year-end adjusting entry for uncollectible accounts expense would include a:
A. Debit to the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts for $1,100.
B. Credit to the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts for $1,100.
C. Debit to Uncollectible Accounts Expense of $2,100.
D. Debit to Uncollectible Accounts Expense of $5,300.

146. Kennedy Company uses the balance sheet approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense. The company prepares an adjusting entry to recognize this expense at the end of each month. During the month of July, the company wrote-off a $3,500 receivable and made no recoveries of previous write-offs. Following the adjusting entry for July, the credit balance in the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts was $3,000 larger than it was on July 1. What amount of uncollectible account expense was recorded for July?
A. $2,500.
B. $1,000.
C. $1,500.
D. $6,500.

147. Oceanside Company uses the balance sheet approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense. It has just completed an aging analysis of accounts receivable at December 31, 2009. This analysis disclosed the following information?

What is the appropriate balance for Oceansides Allowance for Doubtful Accounts at December 31, 2009
A. $95,000.
B. 2% of credit sales in 2009.
C. $1,560.
D. $2,160.

148. At the start of the current year, Minuteman Corporation had a credit balance in the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts of $1,800. During the year a monthly provision of 2% of sales was made for uncollectible accounts. Sales for the year were $600,000, and $5,600 of accounts receivable were written off as worthless. No recoveries of accounts previously written off were made during the year. The year-end financial statements should show:
A. Uncollectible accounts expense of $13,800.
B. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts with a credit balance of $8,200.
C. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts with a credit balance of $6,400.
D. Uncollectible accounts expense of $5,600.

Dynamic, Inc. had credit sales of $675,000 for March. Accounts receivable of $6,000 were determined to be worthless and were written off during March. Accounts receivable total $575,000 at March 31. Management feels that based on past experience, approximately 2% of net credit sales will prove to be uncollectible.

149. Assuming Dynamic, Inc. uses the direct write-off method of accounting for uncollectible accounts, uncollectible accounts expense for March is:
A. $13,500.
B. $6,000.
C. $11,500.
D. $17,500.

150. Assuming Dynamic, Inc. uses the income statement approach (an allowance method) to account for uncollectible accounts, uncollectible accounts expense for March is:
A. $11,500.
B. $17,500.
C. $19,500.
D. $13,500.

At the end of January, the unadjusted trial balance of Windsor, Inc. included the following accounts:

151. Windsor uses the balance sheet approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and aging the accounts receivable indicates the estimated uncollectible portion to be $7,400. What is the amount of uncollectible accounts expense recognized in Windsors income statement for January?
A. $7,400.
B. $6,600.
C. $8,200.
D. $800.

152. Windsor uses the balance sheet approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and aging the accounts receivable indicates the estimated uncollectible portion to be $7,400. The net realizable value of Windsors accounts receivable in the January 31 balance sheet is:
A. $321,400.
B. $340,000.
C. $322,600.
D. $347,400.

153. Windsor uses the income statement approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and uncollectible accounts expense is estimated to be 2% of credit sales. What is the amount of uncollectible accounts expense recognized in Windsors income statement for January?
A. $8,000.
B. $10,000.
C. $8,700.
D. $7,200.

154. Windsor uses the income statement approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and uncollectible accounts expense is estimated to be 2% of credit sales. The net realizable value of Windsors accounts receivable in the January 31 balance sheet is:
A. $332,800.
B. $332,000.
C. $331,200.
D. $340,000.

155. At the beginning of the year, Robert Companys Allowance for Doubtful Accounts had a $3,200 credit balance. During January, a provision of 2% of sales was made for uncollectible accounts expense. During January, sales totaled $350,000, and $2,900 of accounts receivable were written off as worthless. No recoveries of accounts previously written off were made during the month. Roberts financial statements for January show:
A. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts with a credit balance of $10,200.
B. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts with a credit balance of $7,300.
C. Uncollectible Accounts Expense of $9,900.
D. Uncollectible Accounts Expense of $4,100.

156. Deegan Industries has an accounts receivable turnover rate of 8. Which of the following statements is not true?
A. Deegans accounts receivable are more liquid than those of a business whose accounts receivable turnover rate is 5.
B. Deegan waits approximately 46 days to make collections of its credit sales. (Use 365 days in a year.)
C. Deegan writes off accounts receivable as uncollectible if they are over 45 days old.
D. Deegans net credit sales are about eight times the amount of its average accounts receivable.

157. Stanley, Inc.s 2009 income statement reported net sales of $6,000,000, uncollectible accounts expense of $160,000, and net income of $700,000. Stanleys average accounts receivable during 2009 amounted to $1,200,000. Using 360 days to a year, Stanleys
A. Accounts receivable turnover rate is approximately 4.4 times.
B. Accounts receivable turnover rate is approximately 2.5 times.
C. Average number of days to collect an account receivable is 72 days.
D. Accounts receivable turnover rate is approximately 2 times.

158. Assuming a 365 day year, Gore Industries calculated an average of 53 days to collect its accounts receivable in 2007. During 2007, Gores accounts receivable turnover rate:
A. Was approximately 6.89.
B. Was equal to 53 times its average accounts receivable.
C. Was approximately 0.15.
D. Cant be determined from this information alone.

159. Varsity Corporation sold available-for-sale marketable securities costing $800,000 for $860,000 cash. This transaction is reported in Varsitys income statement and statement of cash flows, respectively, as:
A. A $60,000 gain and a $60,000 cash receipt.
B. A $860,000 gain and a $60,000 cash receipt.
C. A $60,000 gain and a $860,000 cash receipt.
D. A $860,000 gain and a $860,000 cash receipt.

160. Fisher Corporation invested $320,000 cash in available-for-sale marketable securities in early December. On December 31, the quoted market price for these securities is $337,000. Which of the following statements is correct?
A. Fishers December income statement includes a $17,000 gain on investments.
B. If Fisher sells these investments on January 2 for $300,000, it will report a loss of $37,000.
C. Fishers December 31 balance sheet reports marketable securities at $320,000 and an unrealized holding gain on investments of $17,000.
D. Fishers December 31 balance sheet reports marketable securities at $337,000 and an unrealized holding gain on investments of $17,000.

On October 12, 2010, Neptune Corporation invested $700,000 in short-term available-for-sale marketable securities. The market value of this investment was $730,000 at December 31, 2010, but had slipped to $725,000 by December 31, 2011.

161. In financial statements prepared on December 31, 2010, Neptune Corporation reports:
A. The asset Investments in Marketable Securities at $700,000 with footnote disclosure of the market value of $730,000.
B. The asset Investments in Marketable Securities at $730,000, and a $30,000 Unrealized Holding Gain included in total stockholders equity.
C. The asset Investments in Marketable Securities at $730,000, and a $30,000 gain recognized in the income statement.
D. The asset Investments in Marketable Securities at $700,000, and a $30,000 Unrealized Holding Gain included in total stockholders equity.

162. Assuming Neptune does not sell this investment, the mark-to-market adjustment necessary at December 31, 2011, includes:
A. A $5,000 debit to Unrealized Holding Gain on Investments.
B. A $25,000 credit to Unrealized Holding Gain on Investments.
C. A $5,000 debit to Investments in Marketable Securities.
D. A $725,000 debit to Investments in Marketable Securities.

163. Assuming Neptune does not sell this investment, the financial statements prepared at December 31, 2011 will report:
A. Investments in Marketable Securities of $700,000, reduced by a $30,000 Unrealized Holding Gain on Investments, in the asset section of the balance sheet.
B. The asset Investments in Marketable Securities of $700,000 in the balance sheet, and a $25,000 Unrealized Holding Loss on Investments in the income statement.
C. The asset Investments in Marketable Securities of $725,000, and a $5,000 Unrealized Holding Loss deducted from total stockholders equity.
D. Investment in Marketable Securities of $725,000 in the asset section of the balance sheet, with a $25,000 Unrealized Holding Gain on Investments included in the stockholders equity section.

164. If a 15%, 60-day note receivable is acquired from a customer in settlement of an existing account receivable of $5,000, the accounting entry for acquisition of the note will:
A. Include a debit to Notes Receivable for $5,750.
B. Include a debit to Notes Receivable for $5,062.50.
C. Include a credit to Interest Revenue for $62.50.
D. Include a debit to Notes Receivable for $5,000 and no entry for interest.

165. Gold Company received a 60-day, 12% note for $8,000 on June 16. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Gold will receive $8,000 plus interest of $960 at maturity.
B. Gold should record a total receivable due of $8,080 on June 16.
C. The principal of the note plus interest is due on August 15.
D. The maturity value of this note is $8,000.

166. On November 1, Willis Corporation sold merchandise in return for a 6%, 90-day note receivable in the amount of $60,000. The proper adjusting entry at December 31 (end of Williss fiscal year) includes a:
A. Credit to Interest Revenue of $600.
B. Debit to Cash of $600.
C. Debit to Interest Receivable of $300.
D. Credit to Notes Receivable of $900.

167. As of December 31, 2011, Chippewa Company has $26,440 cash in its checking account, as well as several other items listed below:

What amount should be shown in Chippewas December 31, 2011, balance sheet as Cash and cash equivalents?
A. $30,040.
B. $139,640.
C. $209,640.
D. $59,640.

168. On January 1, Wilson Company established a petty cash fund of $400. The journal entry to record the replenishment of the fund for $280 at the end of January includes:
A. A debit to Petty Cash of $280.
B. A credit to Cash of $280.
C. A debit to various expenses of $120.
D. No journal entry; an entry is needed only when the petty cash fund is created or discontinued.

At the end of March, the unadjusted trial balance of Tutor, Inc. included the following accounts:

169. Tutor uses the balance sheet approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and aging the accounts receivable indicates the estimated uncollectible portion to be $8,600. What is the amount of uncollectible accounts expense recognized in Tutors income statement for March?
A. $8,600.
B. $6,800.
C. $10,400.
D. $1,800.

170. Tutor uses the balance sheet approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and aging the accounts receivable indicates the estimated uncollectible portion to be $7,400. The net realizable value of Tutors accounts receivable in the March 31 balance sheet is:
A. $247,400.
B. $240,000.
C. $232,600.
D. $352,600.

171. Tutor uses the income statement approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and uncollectible accounts expense is estimated to be 3% of credit sales. What is the amount of uncollectible accounts expense recognized in Tutors income statement for March?
A. $13,500.
B. $18,000.
C. $8,600.
D. $7,200.

172. Tutor uses the income statement approach in estimating uncollectible accounts expense, and uncollectible accounts expense is estimated to be 3% of credit sales. The net realizable value of Tutors accounts receivable in the March 31 balance sheet is:
A. $251,800.
B. $253,500.
C. $224,700.
D. $255,300.

173. Dorfmann Industries has an accounts receivable turnover rate of 12. Which of the following statements is not true?
A. Dorfmanns accounts receivable are more liquid than those of a business whose accounts receivable turnover rate is 8.
B. Dorfmann waits approximately 30 days to make collections of its credit sales. (Use 365 days in a year.)
C. Dorfmann writes off accounts receivable as uncollectible if they are over 30 days old.
D. Dorfmanns net credit sales are about twelve times the amount of its average accounts receivable.

174. Watins, Inc.s 2011 income statement reported net sales of $5,000,000. Watins average accounts receivable during 2011 amounted to $450,000. Using 360 days to a year, Watins:
A. Accounts receivable turnover rate is approximately 13.8 times.
B. Accounts receivable turnover rate is approximately 1.25 times.
C. Average number of days to collect an account receivable is 32 days.
D. Accounts receivable turnover rate is approximately 2 times.

175. Assuming a 365 day year, Bush Industries calculated an average of 47 days to collect its accounts receivable in 2012. During 2012, Bushs accounts receivable turnover rate:
A. Was approximately 7.77.
B. Was equal to 47 times its average accounts receivable.
C. Was approximately 0.13.
D. Cant be determined from this information alone.

176. If a 5%, 120-day note receivable is acquired from a customer in settlement of an existing account receivable of $50,000, the accounting entry for acquisition of the note will:
A. Include a debit to Notes Receivable for $50,822.
B. Include a debit to Notes Receivable for $50,208.
C. Include a credit to Interest Revenue for $822.
D. Include a debit to Notes Receivable for $50,000 and no entry for interest.

177. Silver Company received a 60-day, 6% note for $16,000 on August 5. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Silver will receive $16,000 plus interest of $960 at maturity.
B. Silver should record a total receivable due of $16,080 on August 5.
C. The principal of the note plus interest is due on October 15.
D. The maturity value of this note is $16,000.

Essay Questions

178. Accounting terminology
Listed below are nine technical accounting terms emphasized in this chapter.
Mark-to-market
Factoring
Direct write-off
Financial asset
Cash equivalent
Bank reconciliation
Allowance for doubtful accounts
Accounts receivable turnover
Uncollectible accounts expense
Each of the following statements may (or may not) describe one of these technical terms. In the space provided below each statement, indicate the accounting term described, or answer None if the statement does not correctly describe any of the terms.
____ a. A transaction in which a business sells its accounts receivables to a financial institution.
____ b. An estimate of the portion of year-end accounts receivable that ultimately will turn out to be uncollectible.
____ c. Schedule explaining any differences between cash balances appearing in the accounting records and in the monthly bank statement.
____ d. Balance sheet valuation standard applicable to investments in marketable securities.
____ e. Cash and assets convertible directly into known amounts of cash, such as marketable securities and receivables.
____ f. A ratio, computed by dividing 365 days by average receivables, that indicates the liquidity of the receivables.
____ g. Method of accounting for uncollectible receivables that fails to match revenues and expenses.

179. Internal control over cash transactions
Listed below are seven errors or problems that might occur in the processing of cash transactions. Also shown is a separate list of internal control procedures. Indicate the internal control procedure that should prevent the error or problem from occurring. If none of the control procedures would effectively prevent the error, place an X in the space provided.
Possible Error or Problem
_____ 1. A purchase invoice was paid even though the merchandise was never received.
_____ 2. An employee issued a credit memorandum for a nonexistent sales return in order to conceal his theft of the amount received in payment of an account receivable.
_____ 3. Management is unaware that blank checks are being issued for unauthorized expenditures by the official designated to sign checks.
_____ 4. A salesclerk collects the full selling price from a customer but rings up the sale at less than actual price and pockets the difference.
_____ 5. Several days cash receipts are lost in a fire.
_____ 6. A new employee often gives customers an incorrect amount of change.
_____ 7. No one has discovered that amounts deposited in the companys bank account by the cashier over the last few years are frequently smaller than amounts forwarded to him from the mailroom or sales department.
Internal Control Procedures
(a). Periodic reconciliation of bank statements to accounting records.
(b). Use of a Cash Over and Short account.
(c). Adequate subdivision of duties.
(d). Use of pre-numbered sales tickets.
(e). Depositing each days cash receipts intact in the bank.
(f). Use of electronic cash registers equipped with optical scanners to read magnetically coded labels on merchandise.
(g). Immediate preparation of a control listing when cash is received and the comparison of this listing with bank deposits.
(h). Cancellation of paid vouchers.
(i). Requirement that a voucher be prepared as advance authorization of every cash disbursement.

180. Petty cash fund
E-Z Productions established a petty cash fund of $650 on January 1. On January 28, the fund was replenished for the payments made to date as shown by the following petty cash vouchers: postage, $145; telephone expense, $62.80; repairs, $79.20; office supplies, $67.20; and miscellaneous expense, $56. Prepare journal entries in general journal form to record the establishment of the fund on January 1 and its replenishment on January 28.

181. Bank reconciliation-classification
Indicate how the following items would be treated in a bank reconciliation. You may choose from the following answers:
(A) Deducted from the balance per accounting records.
(B) Added to balance per accounting records.
(C) Deducted from balance per bank statement.
(D) Added to balance per bank statement.

182. Bank reconciliationclassification
Indicate how the following items would be treated in Aladdins, Inc.s bank reconciliation. Choose from the following answers:
(a.) Deducted from the balance per accounting records.
(b.) Added to balance per accounting records.
(c.) Deducted from balance per bank statement.
(d.) Added to balance per bank statement.

183. Bank reconciliationcomputation and journal entry
The Cash account in the ledger of Arnaz Company showed a balance of $13,307 at March 31.
The bank statement, however, showed a balance of $9,936 at the same date. The only reconciling items consisted of a $4,902 deposit in transit, a bank service charge of $36, outstanding checks totaling $2,600, and an NSF check from L. Ball, one of Arnaz customers.
(a) What is the amount of the adjusted cash balance on March 31?
(b) What is the amount of the NSF check?
(c) Record the journal entry necessary, if any, to adjust Arnaz Companys accounting records at March 31:

184. Bank reconciliationcomputations and journal entry
The Cash account in the ledger of Pine Golf Club shows a balance of $11,925 at December 31, 2009. The December 31 bank statement shows a balance of $10,440. The only reconciling items consist of:
Bank service charges of $32.
Deposit in transit of $1,813.
NSF check from customer L. Diamond in the amount of $126.
Error in recording check no. 970 for utilities: check was written in the amount of $834 but was recorded in Pines accounting records as $384.
Outstanding checks.
(a) What is the amount of the adjusted cash balance at December 31, 2009?
$_______________
(b) What is the total amount of outstanding checks at December 31, 2009?
$_______________
(c) Record the journal entry necessary, if any, to a

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