Globalization Prospects and Problems 1st Edition by JoAnn A. Chirico Test Bank

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Globalization Prospects and Problems 1st Edition by JoAnn A. Chirico Test Bank

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Multiple Choice

1. A person who would be considered middle class in the United States would fall into the
a. Top quintile (20%) of the world
b. Second quintile (between 21 and 40% )of the world
c. Third quintile (from 41 to 60%) of the world
d. Fourth quintile (from 61 to 80%) of the world
A

2. Micronutrients are
a. Fruits and vegetables
b. Vitamins and minerals
c. Calories for energy
d. Meats and proteins
B

3. About how much of the worlds population is undernourished?
a. One half
b. One quarter
c. One fifth
d. One sixth
D

4. Micronutrient deficiency can contribute to
a. Night blindness
b. Stunted physical growth
c. Mental retardation
d. All of the above
D

5. The health risks in the developing world include
a. Lack of clean water
b. Lack of access to medical care
c. Lack of adequate shelter
d. All of the above
D

6. The dividing line between the poorest and richest half of the global population in 2000 was about
a. $2,000
b. $10,000
c. $25,000
d. $50,000
B

7. In 2007 in the United States, the richest 1% of the population owns approximately what percent of the financial wealth of the country?
a. 10%
b. 20%
c. 30%
d. 40%
D

8. A microloan is
a. A loan to new high technology industries
b. A small start-up loan
c. Loans that do not need to be repaid
d. Loans that are government guaranteed
B

9. Patient capitalism is a form of capitalism
a. That applies only to the medical industry
b. Willing to accrue smaller profits over longer periods
c. An idea that applies only in the developing world
d. That has failed due to low loan repayment
B

10. Microloans are loans intended for
a. The wealthy who dont need much
b. The poor for start-up costs
c. Women only
d. Wealthy people only in developing societies
B

11. Bolsa Familia has been successful in
a. Feeding poor families
b. Reducing the birth rate in poor families
c. Getting more children into school
d. Employing parents in higher wage jobs
C

12. The money distributed by Bolsa Familia programs
a. Increases the wages of parents
b. Has to be spent on food
c. Is used for medical care for children
d. Substitutes for the earnings of children
D

13. The greatest potential for stimulating economic growth in developing nations now lies
a. Among the wealthiest 1% of people
b. In the middle class
c. In the working class
d. At the bottom of the pyramid, among the poorest
D

14. In considering global growth of income, the worlds poorest share
a. Is growing more slowly than the richest
b. Is growing at about the pace of the middle class
c. Is growing more slowly than the middle class
d. Is growing faster than other population groups
D

15. One reason that the worlds poorest are experiencing rapid growth of their share of income and of their capacity as a consumer market is that
a. Their share of income is so low to begin with
b. They own so little that they have to buy
c. Their potential has been untapped for so long
d. All of the above
D

16. Optimism concerning the growth potential of the poor in developing countries is that
a. Many national governments are stronger and less corrupt than in the past
b. Global business is somewhat constrained in transferring the cost of production to the poor
c. Global norms for labor and the environment are spreading
d. All of the above
D

17. In the global middle class, most of peoples assets are in
a. Stocks and bonds in the financial market
b. Checking accounts in banks
c. Cash they keep at home
d. Their homes and the tools of their trade
D

18. About how many children under five years old die from water related causes every day?
a. 1000
b. 2,500
c. 3,500
d. 5,000
D

19. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the percentage of people working who earned under $1 a day in 2008 was
a. Under 20
b. From 21 50
c. From 51 75
d. Over 75
C

20. Refugees fleeing conflict or persecution
a. Are a protected class
b. Flee for economic opportunity
c. Are internally displaced
d. Are immediately removed from camps
A

21. Refugees fleeing persecution
a. Have no rights
b. Are promised international protections
c. Can easily prove their status
d. Are not obliged acceptance by every country
B

22. Asylum seekers differ from refugees in that
a. They are the country or at a port of entry where they wish to reside
b. They are in transit among countries looking for a place to live
c. They are all fleeing danger
d. They are guaranteed asylum
A

23. The greatest number of asylum seekers migrate to
a. North Africa and the Middle East
b. Eastern Europe and Russia
c. Asia and the Pacific countries
d. North American and Europe
D

24. Most refugees migrate
a. To the Americas
b. To France and Germany
c. To neighboring countries
d. As far from home as they can
C

25. The security of refugees seems to depend upon
a. The wealth of the country of refuge
b. The wealth of the country they escaped from
c. Shared characteristics between refugee and host
d. The number of generations in the camps
C

26. Refugees have
a. Rights to religious freedom
b. Right to food and secure shelter
c. All of the above
d. None of the above
A

27. Internally displaced persons have the disadvantage of
a. Remaining in the country of their persecution or conflict
b. No international treaties to protect their rights
c. No rights of citizenship
d. No rights to humane treatment
A

28. Those who migrate from poor countries tend to be
a. The better educated and most skilled in their occupational category
b. The poorest and most desperate
c. Single people with no families
d. Parents migrating with children
A

29. The largest source of aid to developing countries is
a. Military
b. Food
c. Remittances
d. Technology
C

30. Brain drain refers to the migration of
a. Children to richer nations
b. The highly skilled and educated to poorer countries
c. The highly skilled and educated to wealthier countries
d. Parents, leaving children behind
C
True False

1. Microloans have a higher rate of default than regular loans.
a. True
b. False
B

2. It takes money to make money.
a. True
b. False
A

3. Millions of refugees live in populations of over 10,000 for over 10 years.
a. True
b. False
A

4. There are no international treaties to protect the rights of refugees.
a. True
b. False
B

5. When refugees are of the same religion or ethnicity as the host country it can make their stay more secure.
a. True
b. False
A

6. The migration of the most educated and skilled populations of a country to the richer country where they were educated is called brain regain
a. True
b. False
B
Essay
1. Explain patient capitalism and how it differs from typical investment models.

2. How does the clich it takes money to make money apply to the distribution of income, wealth and financial assets in the USA?

3. How do you assess the progress toward the millennium development goals? Cite specific evidence.

4. How is migration implicated in human security issues?

5. What are the ways in which migration can destabilize a host state?

6. What are the most important factors in success for development aid?

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