Government in America 2014 Elections And Updates Edition 16th Ed By Edwards -Test Bank

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Government in America 2014 Elections And Updates Edition 16th Ed By Edwards -Test Bank

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Government in America 2014 Elections And Updates Edition 16th Ed By Edwards -Test Bank

2

 

The Constitution

 

 

p Multiple-Choice Questions

 

 

  1. At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates agreed that slaves would be counted as __________ of a person for determining population for representation in the House of Representatives.

 

  1. one-third
  2. three-fifths
  3. two-thirds
  4. four-fifths

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.1

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 44

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. What is the name given to the rights that are inherent in all human beings and not dependent on government?

 

  1. inherent rights
  2. repatriations
  3. natural law
  4. Constitutional law

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.2

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 35

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In what year was the Declaration of Independence signed?

 

  1. 1776
  2. 1787
  3. 1789
  4. 1805

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.3

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 34

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. How many constitutions has the United States had in its history?

 

  1. one
  2. two
  3. three
  4. four

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.4

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787; Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure; LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 37, 41

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The U.S. Constitution was adopted in response to the weaknesses of which document?

 

  1. Shayss Rebellion
  2. the Constitution of the United Kingdom
  3. the Declaration of Independence
  4. the Articles of Confederation

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.3.5

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 41

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The colonists rebelled against the imposition by the British government of which of the following?

 

  1. taxes
  2. a military draft
  3. curfews
  4. religious laws

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.6

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 33

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Who was the author of the Declaration of Independence?

 

  1. James Madison
  2. Benjamin Franklin
  3. Thomas Jefferson
  4. John Adams

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.7

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 34

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following debated and drafted the Declaration of Independence?

 

  1. the Common Sense Committee
  2. the Continental Congress
  3. the Committees of Correspondence
  4. the Constitutional Convention

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.8

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 33 34

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. While working on the Constitution, what aspect of the new government most concerned James Madison?

 

  1. democratic institutions
  2. political parties
  3. elitist control
  4. tyranny of the majority

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.9

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 47

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following generally favored a stronger national government and supported the proposed U.S. Constitution?

 

  1. Daniel Shays
  2. Federalists
  3. Anti-Federalists
  4. Constitutionalists

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.10

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How many amendments have been made to the Constitution since its ratification?

 

  1. 10
  2. 15
  3. 27
  4. 36

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.11

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 59

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In what year was the U.S. Constitution ratified?

 

  1. 1776
  2. 1788
  3. 1791
  4. 1797

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.12

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 41

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following is a form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws?

 

  1. republic
  2. monarchy
  3. theocracy
  4. oligarchy

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.13

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 49

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following is a branch of the U.S. government?

 

  1. House of Representatives
  2. Supreme Court
  3. presidency
  4. legislative

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.14

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 48, 50

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Burning the flag is generally considered to be __________ that is protected by the Constitution.

 

  1. free speech
  2. a private action
  3. a form of due process
  4. a commercial act

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.0.15

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 32

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following philosophers greatly influenced the colonists views on the role of government?

 

  1. Daniel Shays
  2. John Locke
  3. John Boehner
  4. Gramm Rudman

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.16

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 35

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In Federalist 10, who wrote, The most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property?

 

  1. Alexander Hamilton
  2. Thomas Jefferson
  3. John Jay
  4. James Madison

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.3.17

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 41

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In what year was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?

 

  1. 1776
  2. 1781
  3. 1786
  4. 1791

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.18

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The Constitution limits the governments ability to suspend writs of habeas corpus. What does this protect individuals against?

 

  1. free speech infringement
  2. taxation of private property
  3. unlawful incarceration
  4. infringement of religious freedom

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.19

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 46

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What did the Connecticut Compromise help to establish?

 

  1. the Senate and the House of Representatives
  2. the federalist system
  3. an independent judiciary
  4. universal male suffrage

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.20

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 43

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ was a protest by Massachusetts farmers to stop foreclosures by state courts.

 

  1. The Committee of Correspondence
  2. The Federalist Papers
  3. Mercantilism
  4. Shayss Rebellion

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.21

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 39 40

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Articles of Confederation required __________ consent from the states for ratification.

 

  1. majority

b three-fifths

  1. two-thirds
  2. unanimous

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.22

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 41

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What type of legislature did the United States have under the Articles of Confederation?

 

  1. one with membership based on a states population
  2. one comprised of a single chamber
  3. one that is appointed directly by the president
  4. a bicameral one

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.23

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 37

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Under the Constitution, the president is elected by which of the following?

 

  1. King Caucus
  2. Peoples Plebiscite
  3. electoral college
  4. direct popular election

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.24

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 43, 48

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What is the feature of the Constitution that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches?

 

  1. weights and measures
  2. checks and balances
  3. oversight and influence
  4. privileges and immunities

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.25

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 49 50

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following specifies the procedure for amending the Constitution?

 

  1. Article I
  2. Article III
  3. Article V
  4. Article VI

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.26

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 54

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following concepts most directly helps to make American government legitimate?

 

  1. tradition
  2. the divine right
  3. consent of the governed
  4. executive privilege

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.27

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 35

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How did the Constitution differ from the Articles of Confederation?

 

  1. The Constitution was based on democratic principles; the Articles of Confederation was based on tyrannical principles.
  2. The Constitution contained strong protections for individual rights; the Articles of Confederation contained strong protections for collective rights.
  3. The Constitution created a stronger federal government than did the Articles of Confederation.
  4. The Constitution contained stronger safeguards for states rights than did the Articles of Confederation.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.3.28

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 51 52

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following most directly protects individuals civil liberties?

 

  1. Second Treatise of Civil Government
  2. The Federalist Papers
  3. the Bill of Rights
  4. the Declaration of Independence

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.29

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which constitutional plan called for representation in Congress to be based on state population?

 

  1. Republican Plan
  2. Democratic Plan
  3. Virginia Plan
  4. New Jersey Plan

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.30

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 43

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What was the subject of the Connecticut Compromise?

 

  1. the legality of slavery
  2. the form of the legislative branch
  3. the number of Supreme Court justices
  4. the form of the executive branch

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.31

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 43

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ was/were most likely to support a strong state government and a weak national government.

 

  1. James Madison
  2. John Jay
  3. The Federalists
  4. The Anti-Federalists

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.32

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51 52

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following urged for the colonies to become independent from Britain?

 

  1. Common Sense
  2. Revolution
  3. Federalist 10
  4. Our American Cousin

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.33

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 33

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following was a problem under the Articles of Confederation?

 

  1. The national government was too strong compared to the states.
  2. Amendments were too easy to ratify.
  3. Congress imposed excessive taxes.
  4. Congress lacked the authority to regulate commerce.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.34

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 37 38

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following accurately describes the Constitutional Convention?

 

  1. The delegates spent more of their time trying to figure out how to revise the Articles of Confederation.
  2. A disproportionate number of delegates were economic elites.
  3. The Convention was free of significant disagreement.
  4. The Convention lasted only one week.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.3.35

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 41

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. John Lockes belief that government derives its authority from the people influenced the Declaration of Independence, which says, Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from __________.

 

  1. the consent of the governed
  2. the right to revolt
  3. the laws of Nature and Natures God
  4. government itself

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.36

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 35

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How is eligibility for voting determined under the Constitution?

 

  1. Congress determines eligibility.
  2. States determine eligibility.
  3. Counties determine eligibility.
  4. The Constitution establishes universal suffrage.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.8.37

Topic: Understanding the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.8: Assess whether the Constitution establishes a majoritarian democracy and how it limits the scope of government.

Page Reference: 60

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is a reason for the separation of powers?

 

  1. to ensure the power of the executive
  2. to promote the general welfare
  3. to prevent tyranny by any one branch
  4. to prevent gridlock in government

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.3.38

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 42

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following was part of both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution?

 

  1. a congress
  2. the presidency
  3. the federal judiciary
  4. the effective collection of taxes by the federal government

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.39

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution; Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution; LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 37, 43

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. The Federalists preferred __________ than did the Anti-Federalists.

 

  1. stronger state governments
  2. a stronger national government
  3. stronger protections of individual liberties
  4. shorter terms of office

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.40

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. How is a constitutional amendment ratified?

 

  1. either by a majority of state legislatures or by special state conventions in a majority of the states
  2. either by three-fourths of state legislatures or by special state conventions in three-fourths of the states
  3. either by a majority of state governors or by a majority of the U.S. Senate
  4. either by three-fourths of state governors or by three-fourths of the U.S. Senate

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.41

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 54

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Constitution prohibits having __________ qualifications for holding public office.

 

  1. residency
  2. competency
  3. religious
  4. citizenship

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.42

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 46

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following were most likely to oppose the proposed Constitution?

 

  1. lawyers
  2. merchants
  3. small farmers
  4. large landowners

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.43

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following was written to encourage passage of the Constitution and remains a compelling source for determining the intent of the Framers?

 

  1. the Declaration of Independence
  2. The Federalist Papers
  3. Common Sense
  4. Two Treatises on Government

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.44

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What was a fear of the Anti-Federalists during the Constitutional Convention and subsequent debate?

 

  1. that a weak national government would undermine the survival of the United States
  2. that a strong national government would infringe on the rights of the states
  3. that a powerful judiciary would restrict freedom of religion
  4. that powerful state governments would infringe on individual liberties

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.45

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following is a method for proposing constitutional amendments?

 

  1. by a majority of voting-age citizens
  2. by a majority of state governors
  3. by a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress
  4. by a two-thirds vote in a special election called for the purpose of voting on the amendment

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.46

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 54

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The meaning of the Constitution can change through __________.

 

  1. judicial interpretation
  2. presidential decree
  3. congressional inaction
  4. natural law

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.47

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 57

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

 

p True-False Questions

 

 

  1. The Constitution was ratified in 1776.

 

Answer: FALSE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.48

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 53

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Under the Articles of Confederation, the federal government had broad power to levy taxes.

 

Answer: FALSE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.49

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 37 38

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The New Jersey Plan proposed a one-house legislature with one vote for each state.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.50

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 43

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Many of the Framers were skeptical of democratic government in the sense that we understand it today.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.8.51

Topic: Understanding the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.8: Assess whether the Constitution establishes a majoritarian democracy and how it limits the scope of government.

Page Reference: 60

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The three-fifths compromise specified that only three-fifths of slaves could vote.

 

Answer: FALSE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.52

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 44

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Most of the Framers believed that the principal objective of government is to protect the right of individuals to acquire and hold property.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.3.53

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 42

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Declaration of Independence asserts that the people have a right to revolt against an oppressive government.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.54

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 35

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The Framers implemented a strong executive after being influenced by Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes.

 

Answer: FALSE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.3.55

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 41

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The main weakness of the Articles of Confederation was a weak national government.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.56

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 38

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. A constitution is a nations basic law; it creates political institutions, assigns or divides powers in government, and often provides certain guarantees to citizens.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.0.57

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 32

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The New Jersey Plan proposed a powerful central government with three branches.

 

Answer: FALSE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.4.58

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 43

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. After the Revolutionary War, power in the state legislatures shifted from the wealthy to a broader, more democratic group.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.59

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 39

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. None of the 13 states would ratify the Constitution until after the Bill of Rights was added.

 

Answer: FALSE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.60

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 53

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Anti-Federalists strongly supported the Bill of Rights.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.61

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Federalist Papers are a valuable resource for those who want to reflect on the thinking of the Framers.

 

Answer: TRUE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.62

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. All of the amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified by a supermajority vote in the state legislature.

 

Answer: FALSE

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.63

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 54 56

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

 

p Fill-in-the-Blank Questions

 

 

  1. John Locke argued that __________ included life, liberty, and property.

 

Answer: natural law

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.64

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 35

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The __________ was added to the Constitution to protect personal freedoms.

 

Answer: Bill of Rights

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.65

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Constitution has been amended __________ times.

 

Answer: 27

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.66

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 59

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The body whose delegates signed the Declaration of Independence was the __________.

 

Answer: Continental Congress

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.1.67

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 33 34

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The Continental Congress adopted the __________ in 1777.

 

Answer: Articles of Confederation

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.68

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 37

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Under a __________ system, power is shared among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Each of these three branches is relatively independent so that one cannot control the others.

 

Answer: separation of powers

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.69

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 48 49

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In Texas v. Gregory Lee Johnson, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that anti-flag-burning laws were an unconstitutional violation of __________.

 

Answer: freedom of speech or freedom of expression

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.0.70

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 30

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ of indebted farmers exposed the problems under the Articles of Confederation.

 

Answer: Shayss Rebellion

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.71

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 40

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The __________ favored a weak national government and strong state governments.

 

Answer: Anti-Federalists

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.72

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay authored the __________.

 

Answer: Federalist Papers

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.73

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The __________ Amendment attempted to give former slaves the right to vote.

 

Answer: Fifteenth

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.8.74

Topic: Understanding the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.8: Assess whether the Constitution establishes a majoritarian democracy and how it limits the scope of government.

Page Reference: 60

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. At least __________ states had to ratify the proposed Constitution for it to become law.

 

Answer: nine

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.75

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

 

p Short Answer Questions

 

 

  1. Explain the processes for amending the Constitution. Which process have most amendments followed?

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Identify the two processes for proposing an amendmenttwo-thirds vote in both houses of Congress or national constitutional convention called by Congress at the request of two-thirds of the states.
  2. Identify the two processes for ratifying an amendmentby legislatures in three-fourths of the states or by ratifying conventions in three-fourths of the states.
  3. Explain that all 27 amendments were proposed by Congress and 26 of them were ratified by state legislatures.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.76

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 54 55

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Who were the Federalists and what did they want?

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Identify the Federalists as landowners, wealthy merchants, and professionals.
  2. Explain that the Federalists wanted to create a constitution with a stronger central government and weaker state governments.
  3. Note that the Federalists wrote the Constitution and urged for its ratification.
  4. Explain that an additional goal of the Federalists was to protect the wealth and property of the elite from the tyranny of the majority.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.77

Topic: The Madisonian System; Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests; LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 47 51, 51 53

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Describe the system of checks and balances created by the Framers. Why is this system important?

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Indicate that the powers of the government were divided into three branches.
  2. Identify the ways in which the Constitution allocates the power to make, interpret, and enforce laws among the three branches.
  3. Explain the ways in which each branch has a role in the actions of the others.
  4. Explain how checks and balances are used to prevent tyranny and corruption.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.78

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 48 50

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. The Federalists were a minority. How did they get the Constitution ratified?

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Explain that Federalists may not have had the support of the majority, but they made up for it in shrewd politicking. To get around unfriendly state legislatures, they called for ratification by special conventions in at least nine of the states.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.6.79

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 51 53

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Explain judicial review.

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Recognize that the Constitution does not explicitly reference the power of judicial review, but that the Supreme Court claimed this power for itself in Marbury v. Madison.
  2. Describe judicial review as the power of the judiciary to decide whether laws and other governmental actions were constitutional.
  3. Explain that judicial review allows a court to strike down federal and state laws determined to be unconstitutional.
  4. Note that judicial review allows the Supreme Court to interpret (or reinterpret) the Constitution, making it one of the informal ways that the Constitution changes.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.7.80

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 57

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Compare and contrast the legislatures established by the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation.

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Describe the unicameral legislature under the Articles of Confederation in which each state had a vote.
  2. Explain the changes to the legislature under the Constitution, including the creation of a bicameral legislature composed of one house to represent the people (House of Representatives) and another house to represent the states (Senate).

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.81

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787; Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure; LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 37 40, 43 45

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. How was Madisons desire to set power against power (or ambition against ambition) within the federal government realized?

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Identify checks and balances of the three branches as the culmination of Madisons desire.
  2. Discuss how each branch of government checks and balances the powers of the others.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.5.82

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 47 51

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Describe Shayss Rebellion and its importance.

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Note that after that Revolutionary War, a depression left many small farmers unable to pay their debts.
  2. Explain that Shayss Rebellion was a series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers led by Daniel Shays to block foreclosure proceedings.
  3. Acknowledge that neither Congress nor the state could raise a militia to stop Shays and his followers, so elites assembled a privately paid force to do the job.
  4. Explain how these events fueled dissatisfaction with the weakness of the Articles of Confederation system and spurred efforts to improve it.
  5. Note that these efforts gave birth to the Constitution.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.2.83

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 39 40

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Why was flag burning determined to be a constitutionally protected act?

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Recall Gregory Lee Johnsons burning of the flag as a protest.
  2. Discuss the evolution of thought surrounding flag burning.
  3. Explain that the Supreme Court determined that burning the flag is an exercise of free speech.

 

Test Bank Item Number: TB_Q2.0.84

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 30 32

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Describe the views of the Anti-Federalists.

 

Answer: An ideal response will:

  1. Note that the Anti-Federalists were deeply suspicious of a strong national government.
  2. Explain that the Anti-Federalists broadly opposed many portions of the new Constitution, including the powers of the executive and the creation of a Supreme Court.
  3. Discuss the Anti-Federalists concerns that the Constitution provided inadequate protections for individual liberties.
  4. Describe the Anti-Federalists desire to have a bill of rights added to the Const

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