Government in America People, Politics, And Policy 2016 Presidential Election 17Th Ed By George C Test Bank

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Government in America People, Politics, And Policy 2016 Presidential Election 17Th Ed By George C Test Bank

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Government in America People, Politics, And Policy 2016 Presidential Election 17Th Ed By George C Test Bank

2

 

The Constitution

 

 

p Multiple-Choice Questions

 

 

  1. At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates agreed that __________ of slaves would be counted for determining population for representation in the House of Representatives.

 

  1. one-third
  2. three-fifths
  3. two-thirds

Consider This: This famous constitutional compromise led to slaves being counted in terms of representation for the House of Representatives.

  1. four-fifths

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.4.1

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 36

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What is the name given to the rights that are inherent in all human beings and not dependent on government?

 

  1. natural rights
  2. positive rights
  3. intrinsic laws

Consider This: These rights were described in John Lockes Second Treatise of Civil Government.

  1. Constitutional law

 

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.2

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 28

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In what year was the Declaration of Independence signed?

 

  1. 1776
  2. 1787

Consider This: The Declaration of Independence preceded both the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation.

  1. 1789
  2. 1805

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.3

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 27

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. How many constitutions or governing documents have the United States had in its history?

 

  1. one

Consider This: The government established by the Constitution was not the colonies first attempt at self-government.

  1. two
  2. three
  3. four

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.2.4

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787; Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure; LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 30, 34

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. The U.S. Constitution was adopted in response to the weaknesses of which document?

 

  1. Declaration of the Rights of Man
  2. Magna Carta
  3. the Declaration of Independence

Consider This: While the Declaration of Independence was a critical foundational document, the document in question served as the legal organizing document for the early United States.

  1. the Articles of Confederation

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.3.5

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 31

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The colonists rebelled against the imposition by the British government of which of the following?

 

  1. taxes
  2. a military draft

Consider This: One instance of the colonists rebellion was the Boston Tea Party.

  1. curfews
  2. religious laws

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.6

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 27

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Who was the author of the Declaration of Independence?

 

  1. James Madison

Consider This: Officially the Declaration of Independence was written by a committee but one author from Virginia is considered the primary author.

  1. Thomas Paine
  2. Thomas Jefferson
  3. George Washington

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.7

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 27

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following debated and drafted the Declaration of Independence?

 

  1. the Common Sense Committee
  2. the Continental Congress
  3. the Committees of Correspondence
  4. the Constitutional Convention

Consider This: The Constitutional Convention would meet some years later in order to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.8

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 27-30

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. While working on the Constitution, what aspect of the new government most concerned James Madison?

 

  1. foreign affairs
  2. slavery
  3. elitist control

Consider This: Checks and balances and separation of powers were established to deal with this issue.

  1. tyranny of the majority

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.5.9

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 40-41

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Who of the following generally favored a stronger national government and supported the proposed U.S. Constitution?

 

  1. Daniel Shays
  2. Federalists
  3. Anti-Federalists

Consider This: This group supported the work of the Constitutional Convention and included James Madison.

  1. Constitutionalists

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.10

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 44-46

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How many amendments have been made to the Constitution since its ratification?

 

  1. 10

Consider This: The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights but the Constitution has been amended beyond the Bill of Rights.

  1. 15
  2. 27
  3. 36

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.7.11

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 51

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In what year was the U.S. Constitution ratified?

 

  1. 1776

Consider This: The Declaration of Independence was adopted in 1776 but the Constitution followed several years later.

  1. 1788
  2. 1791
  3. 1797

 

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.12

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 34

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following is a form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws?

 

  1. republic
  2. monarchy
  3. theocracy
  4. oligarchy

Consider This: This form of government is considered to be more workable than one where citizens make all of decisions directly.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.5.13

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 43

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which branch of government is responsible for passing laws?

 

  1. bureaucratic
  2. judicial
  3. executive

Consider This: The executive branch is responsible for implementing laws but relies on another branch to create laws.

  1. legislative

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.5.14

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 42

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

  1. Burning the flag is generally considered to be __________ that is protected by the Constitution.

 

  1. free speech
  2. a private action

Consider This: Although flag burning is an unpopular action, the Supreme Court has generally protected it on these grounds.

  1. a form of due process
  2. a commercial act

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.0.15

Topic: Introduction

Learning Objective: Introduction

Page Reference: 25

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following philosophers greatly influenced the colonists views on the role of government?

 

  1. Daniel Shays

Consider This: This author was known for the highly influential Second Treatise of Civil Government.

  1. John Locke
  2. John Boehner
  3. Gramm Rudman

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.16

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 28-29

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. In Federalist 10, who wrote, The most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property?

 

  1. Alexander Hamilton

Consider This: In this work, the author warned of factions, which we might today call interest groups.

  1. Thomas Jefferson
  2. John Jay
  3. James Madison

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.3.17

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 34

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. In what year was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?

 

  1. 1776

Consider This: These amendments were proposed in the First Congress and went into effect a few years later.

  1. 1781
  2. 1786
  3. 1791

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.7.18

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 45

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. The Constitution limits the governments ability to suspend writs of habeas corpus. What does this protect individuals against?

 

  1. free speech infringement
  2. taxation of private property
  3. unlawful detention
  4. infringement of religious freedom

Consider This: This is a major civil liberty as it limits the power of government in peacetime.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.4.19

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 39

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

 

  1. What did the Connecticut Compromise help to establish?

 

  1. the Senate and the House of Representatives
  2. the federalist system

Consider This: This compromise was designed to reconcile the differences between the Virginia and the New Jersey plans.

  1. an independent judiciary
  2. universal male suffrage

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.4.20

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 35-36

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ was a protest by Massachusetts farmers to stop foreclosures by state courts.

 

  1. Whiskey Rebellion

Consider This: This protest played a major role in undermining support for the Articles of Confederation.

  1. Boston Tea Party
  2. Marbury v. Madison
  3. Shayss Rebellion

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.2.21

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 33

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Articles of Confederation required __________ consent from the states for ratification.

 

  1. majority

Consider This: Under the Articles of Confederation, states retained most political power, leaving the national government weak.

b three-fifths

  1. two-thirds
  2. unanimous

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.2.22

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 34

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What type of legislature did the United States have under the Articles of Confederation?

 

  1. a single chamber with membership based on a states population
  2. a single chamber with each state receiving equal power
  3. a single chamber whose members were appointed by the president
  4. two chambers

Consider This: The Constitution would significantly change the form of the legislature.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.2.23

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 30-31

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Under the Constitution, the president is elected by which of the following?

 

  1. King Caucus

Consider This: This institution gives greater relative weight to smaller states.

  1. Peoples Plebiscite
  2. electoral college
  3. direct popular election

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.4.24

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 36, 41

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

 

  1. What is the feature of the Constitution that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches?

 

  1. weights and measures
  2. checks and balances
  3. oversight and influence
  4. privileges and immunities

Consider This: This feature is designed to prevent tyranny but also tends to protect the status quo and creates the potential for gridlock.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.5.25

Topic: The Madisonian System

Learning Objective: LO 2.5: Analyze how the components of the Madisonian system addressed the dilemma of reconciling majority rule with the protection of minority interests.

Page Reference: 42-43

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following specifies the procedure for amending the Constitution?

 

  1. Article I

Consider This: The process for amending the Constitution has two stages: proposal and ratification.

  1. Article III
  2. Article V
  3. Article VI

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.7.26

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 46-47

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following concepts most directly helps to make American government legitimate?

 

  1. the right to bear arms

Consider This: This concept was described in John Lockes Second Treatise of Civil Government.

  1. the divine right
  2. consent of the governed
  3. executive privilege

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.27

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 28

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How did the Constitution differ from the Articles of Confederation?

 

  1. The Constitution was based on democratic principles; the Articles of Confederation was based on tyrannical principles.
  2. The Constitution contained strong protections for individual rights; the Articles of Confederation contained strong protections for collective rights.
  3. The Constitution created a stronger national government than did the Articles of Confederation.
  4. The Constitution contained stronger safeguards for states rights than did the Articles of Confederation.

Consider This: Under the Articles, states had all of the political power.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.3.28

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 44-45

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following most directly protects individuals civil liberties?

 

  1. Second Treatise of Civil Government
  2. The Federalist Papers
  3. the Bill of Rights
  4. the Declaration of Independence

Consider This: These were added to the Constitution in order to allay the fears of the Anti-Federalists.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.29

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 45-46

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

  1. Which constitutional plan called for representation in Congress to be based on state population?

 

  1. Republican Plan
  2. Democratic Plan
  3. Virginia Plan
  4. New Jersey Plan

Consider This: This state was, at the time, one of the largest and most wealthy.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.4.30

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 35-36

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What was the subject of the Connecticut Compromise?

 

  1. the legality of slavery

Consider This: This compromise was designed to reconcile the differences between the Virginia and the New Jersey plans.

  1. the form and membership of the legislative branch
  2. the number of Supreme Court justices
  3. the form of the executive branch

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.4.31

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 36

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. __________ was/were most likely to support a strong state government and a weak national government.

 

  1. Whigs
  2. Anti-Masons
  3. The Federalists

Consider This: This group also worried that the Constitution did not do enough to protect personal freedoms.

  1. The Anti-Federalists

 

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.32

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 44-45

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following urged for the colonies to become independent from Britain?

 

  1. Common Sense
  2. Revolution
  3. Federalist 10

Consider This: This pamphlet, written by Thomas Paine, encouraged the colonists to separate from Britain.

  1. Our American Cousin

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.33

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 27

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following was a problem under the Articles of Confederation?

 

  1. The national government was too strong compared to the states.
  2. Amendments were too easy to ratify.
  3. Congress imposed excessive taxes.

Consider This: Under the Articles, each state was largely independent and could generally establish their own policies.

  1. Congress lacked the authority to regulate commerce.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.2.34

Topic: The Government That Failed: 17761787

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Analyze how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to its failure.

Page Reference: 31

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following accurately describes the Constitutional Convention?

 

  1. The delegates spent more of their time trying to figure out how to revise the Articles of Confederation.

Consider This: By the time the delegates met at the Constitutional Convention, dissatisfaction with the Articles was widespread.

  1. Many of the delegates were economic elites.
  2. The Convention was free of significant disagreement.
  3. The Convention lasted only one week.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.3.35

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 38

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. John Lockes belief that government derives its authority from the people influenced the Declaration of Independence, which says, Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from __________.

 

  1. the consent of the governed
  2. the right to revolt
  3. the divine right of kings

Consider This: Thomas Jefferson was significantly influenced by the work of John Locke, who described individuals as having natural rights.

  1. government itself

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.1.36

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.1: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution.

Page Reference: 28-29

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. How is eligibility for voting determined under the Constitution?

 

  1. Congress determines eligibility.
  2. States determine eligibility.
  3. Counties determine eligibility.
  4. The Constitution establishes universal suffrage.

Consider This: In the early republic, only a small number of people were eligible to vote.

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.8.37

Topic: Understanding the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.8: Assess whether the Constitution establishes a majoritarian democracy and how it limits the scope of government.

Page Reference: 52

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is a reason for the separation of powers?

 

  1. to ensure the power of the executive
  2. to promote the general welfare
  3. to prevent tyranny by any one branch
  4. to prevent gridlock in government

Consider This: Many scholars believe that the system of separation of powers contributes to gridlock in Washington.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.3.38

Topic: Making a Constitution: The Philadelphia Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.3: Describe the delegates to the Constitutional Convention and the core ideas they shared.

Page Reference: 41-42

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following was part of both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution?

 

  1. a congress
  2. the presidency

Consider This: The government under the Articles did not have an executive branch, one of the sources of inefficiency in that system.

  1. the federal judiciary
  2. the right of taxation by the federal government

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.2.39

Topic: The Origins of the Constitution; Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.2: Describe the ideas behind the American Revolution and their role in shaping the Constitution; LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 30-31, 35-36

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. The Federalists preferred __________ than did the Anti-Federalists.

 

  1. stronger state governments
  2. a stronger national government
  3. stronger protections of individual liberties

Consider This: The Anti-Federalists were concerned that the Constitution did not do enough to protect individual liberties.

  1. shorter terms of office

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.40

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 44-45

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. How is a constitutional amendment ratified?

 

  1. either by a majority of state legislatures or by special state conventions in a majority of the states

Consider This: Amending the U.S. Constitution in a very difficult process, where super majorities are required throughout.

  1. either by three-fourths of state legislatures or by special state conventions in three-fourths of the states
  2. either by a majority of state governors or by a majority of the U.S. Senate
  3. either by three-fourths of state governors or by three-fourths of the U.S. Senate

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.7.41

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 47

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The Constitution prohibits having __________ qualifications for holding public office.

 

  1. residency
  2. competency
  3. religious
  4. citizenship

Consider This: Similar freedoms are protected within the Bill of Rights.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.4.42

Topic: Critical Issues at the Convention

Learning Objective: LO 2.4: Categorize the issues at the Constitutional Convention and outline the resolutions reached on each type of issue.

Page Reference: 39

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following were most likely to oppose the proposed Constitution?

 

  1. lawyers
  2. merchants
  3. small farmers
  4. large landowners

Consider This: The Federalists were generally drawn from the economic elite.

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.43

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 45

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following was written to encourage passage of the Constitution and remains a compelling source for determining the intent of the Framers?

 

  1. the Declaration of Independence
  2. The Federalist Papers
  3. Common Sense

Consider This: These 85 essays, largely written by James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, provide a spirited and detailed defense of the Constitution.

  1. Two Treatises on Government

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.44

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 44

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

 

  1. What was a fear of the Anti-Federalists during the Constitutional Convention and subsequent debate?

 

  1. that a weak national government would undermine the survival of the United States

Consider This: The Constitution was designed to expand the power of the national government while protecting the power of states and the liberties of individuals.

  1. that a strong national government would infringe on the rights of the states
  2. that a powerful judiciary would restrict freedom of religion
  3. that powerful state governments would infringe on individual liberties

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.6.45

Topic: Ratifying the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.6: Compare and contrast the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in terms of their background and their positions regarding government.

Page Reference: 44-46

Skill Level: Analyze It

Difficulty Level: Difficult

 

  1. Which of the following is a method for proposing constitutional amendments?

 

  1. by a majority of voting-age citizens

Consider This: A national convention could propose constitutional amendments, but requests from two-thirds of the states are needed to convene the convention.

  1. by a majority of state governors
  2. by a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress
  3. by a two-thirds vote in a special election called for the purpose of voting on the amendment

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.7.46

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 46-48

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The meaning of the Constitution can change through __________.

 

  1. judicial interpretation
  2. national referendum

Consider This: A national referendum would not be legal under the Constitution.

  1. congressional inaction
  2. natural law

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q2.7.47

Topic: Changing the Constitution

Learning Objective: LO 2.7: Explain how the Constitution can be formally amended and how it changes informally.

Page Reference: 50

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

 

 

18

 

National Security Policymaking

 

 

p Multiple-Choice Questions

 

  1. Combat troops were introduced in Iraq began under __________ and withdrawn under __________.

 

  1. Bill Clinton; George H. W. Bush
  2. Bill Clinton; George W. Bush
  3. George H. W. Bush; Barack Obama Consider This: Combat in Iraq began under the younger president Bush.
  4. George W. Bush; Barack Obama

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.3.1

Topic: American Foreign Policy and the War on Terrorism

Learning Objective: LO 18.3: Explain the major obstacles to success in the war on terrorism.

Page Reference: 550

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. One of the primary purposes of the military action in Afghanistan was to __________.

 

  1. prevent the spread of communism
  2. remove the Taliban regime
  3. protect Iraq from Afghani military attacks
  4. retaliate for the bombing of the USS Cole Consider This: The US did not retaliate for the Cole attack.

 

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.3.2

Topic: American Foreign Policy and the War on Terrorism

Learning Objective: LO 18.3: Explain the major obstacles to success in the war on terrorism.

Page Reference: 549

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. During which of the following events did U.S. military spending comprise the highest percentage of federal spending?

 

  1. the Vietnam War
  2. the Reagan administration Consider This: Defense spending was high during this period, but not the highest.
  3. the war in Iraq
  4. the war in Afghanistan

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.4.3

Topic: Defense Policy

Learning Objective: LO 18.4: Identify the major elements of U.S. defense policy.

Page Reference: 552

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. What is the primary responsibility of the secretary of defense?

 

  1. homeland security Consider This: Homeland Security is a separate department with its own secretary.
  2. military policy
  3. domestic security
  4. commander in chief of the armed forces

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.4

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 539

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Who serves on the Joint Chiefs of Staff?

 

  1. the cabinet secretaries
  2. the commanding officers of each of the services
  3. the presidents foreign policy advisers
  4. the secretary of defense, the secretary of homeland security, and the director of the Central Intelligence Agency Consider This: The Chiefs are military leaders.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.5

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 540

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Who is the presidents chief adviser on intelligence matters?

 

  1. the director of the Central Intelligence Agency Consider This: Although the CIA is important, its director is not the presidents chief intelligence adviser.
  2. the director of national intelligence
  3. the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  4. the National Security Agency

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.6

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 540

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which international organization is composed of nearly 200 member nations and was created after World War II for peacekeeping and other functions?

 

  1. the League of Nations Consider This: The League of Nations was a failed first attempt at creating an international peacekeeping organization.
  2. the United Nations
  3. the World Trade Organization
  4. the Marshall Plan

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.7

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 536

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

  1. Which of the following best describes U.S. foreign aid?
  2. Americans greatly overestimate the amount that is spent on foreign aid.
  3. Most foreign aid programs are aimed at providing medical care and other services in less-developed nations.
  4. Foreign aid primarily consists of various loan programs that provide favorable interest rates and preferential trade agreements for nations that lower trade barriers. Consider This: Loans are a significant part of foreign aid, but not the primary form.
  5. Foreign aid primarily consists of advice from the U.S. government to less-developed nations in Africa and Asia.

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.5.8

Topic: The New National Security Agenda

Learning Objective: LO 18.5: Analyze the evolving challenges for U.S. national security policy.

Page Reference: 562

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following constrained Pakistans efforts to fight terrorists who have emerged in some areas of Pakistan?

 

  1. Pakistan is a poor nation and lacked international assistance to fight the terrorists.
  2. There was substantial sympathy for the Taliban among many Pakistani military and intelligence officials.
  3. The terrorists took over large cities and were beyond the governments control. Consider This: Although terrorists took control cities in Syria and Iraq, this was not the case in Pakistan.
  4. The terrorists had shown no sign of being dangerous, so the Pakistani government was not concerned about them.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.3.9

Topic: American Foreign Policy and the War on Terrorism

Learning Objective: LO 18.3: Explain the major obstacles to success in the war on terrorism.

Page Reference: 550

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following countries is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council?

 

  1. Germany Consider This: Although an important global actor, Germany is not a permanent member.
  2. India
  3. Spain
  4. the United States

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.10

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 536

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Which of the following countries is a member of NATO?

 

  1. Russia
  2. China
  3. Japan Consider This: Although Japan is an ally, NATO is an Atlantic based alliance.
  4. Canada

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.11

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 537

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

Difficulty Level: Easy

 

  1. Who instituted the Marshall Plan and who benefited directly from it?

 

  1. The Soviet Union instituted the Marshall Plan to benefit Germany.
  2. Germany instituted the Marshall Plan to benefit itself.
  3. The United Nations instituted the Marshall Plan to benefit Germany, Italy, and Japan. Consider This: The Marshall plan was not specifically targeted at former enemies.
  4. The United States instituted the Marshall Plan to benefit Europe.

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.2.12

Topic: American Foreign Policy Through the Cold War

Learning Objective: LO 18.2: Outline the evolution of and major issues in American foreign policy through the end of the Cold War.

Page Reference: 544

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

 

  1. What event marked the end of the Cold War?

 

  1. the resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis
  2. the collapse of the Soviet Union
  3. the signing of the SALT II Treaty
  4. the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan Consider This: Soviet withdrawal was a major event, but it did not end the Cold War.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.2.13

Topic: American Foreign Policy Through the Cold War

Learning Objective: LO 18.2: Outline the evolution of and major issues in American foreign policy through the end of the Cold War.

Page Reference: 548

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following tactics has Al Qaeda used effectively?

 

  1. dtente
  2. mutually assured destruction Consider This: Mutually assured destruction is an instrument of nuclear armed governments.
  3. nuclear proliferation
  4. terrorism

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.3.14

Topic: American Foreign Policy and the War on Terrorism

Learning Objective: LO 18.3: Explain the major obstacles to success in the war on terrorism.

Page Reference: 550

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What was Ronald Reagans Strategic Defense Initiative envisioned to accomplish?

 

  1. protect the United States from nuclear weapons
  2. promote democracy by fostering economic development
  3. reduce the number of nuclear warheads held by both the United States and the Soviet Union Consider This: SDI was not a warhead reduction program
  4. refocus the military on nonconventional warfare

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.2.15

Topic: American Foreign Policy Through the Cold War

Learning Objective: LO 18.2: Outline the evolution of and major issues in American foreign policy through the end of the Cold War.

Page Reference: 547

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What was the foreign policy of containment designed to prevent?
  2. nuclear proliferation Consider This: Containment was not specifically concerned with proliferation.
  3. the spread of Soviet influence
  4. terrorism
  5. the Cold War

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.2.16

Topic: American Foreign Policy Through the Cold War

Learning Objective: LO 18.2: Outline the evolution of and major issues in American foreign policy through the end of the Cold War.

Page Reference: 544

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Why was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization formed?

 

  1. to provide mutual defense for the United States and Western Europe
  2. to promote free trade between the United States and Western Europe Consider This: NATO was not a trade agreement.
  3. to help rebuild war-torn Europe after World War II
  4. to enhance democratic government in newly industrializing countries

 

Answer: a

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.17

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 537

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Who is the main force behind U.S. foreign policy?

 

  1. Congress
  2. the president
  3. the State Department Consider This: State has an important role in foreign policy, but it is not the main force.
  4. the National Security Council

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.18

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 537

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. The United States engaged in which of the following military conflicts in order to fight against communist forces?

 

  1. World War I
  2. World War II Consider This: The Soviet Union was a key ally in World War II.
  3. the Vietnam War
  4. the war on terrorism

 

Answer: c

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.2.19

Topic: American Foreign Policy Through the Cold War

Learning Objective: LO 18.2: Outline the evolution of and major issues in American foreign policy through the end of the Cold War.

Page Reference: 545

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the arms race?

 

  1. the rapid movements of world governments to arm and thereby protect Eastern European countries from attack by the Soviet Union in the wake of World War II
  2. a tense relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union in the 1950s and 1960s during which each side was striving to procure more weapons than the other
  3. the U.S. race in the early twenty-first century to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction to unstable governments Consider This: The arms race was a byproduct of the Cold War
  4. the efforts to rapidly reduce the number of nuclear weapons held by the United States and the Soviet Union

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.2.20

Topic: American Foreign Policy Through the Cold War

Learning Objective: LO 18.2: Outline the evolution of and major issues in American foreign policy through the end of the Cold War.

Page Reference: 545

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

 

  1. Which of the following accurately describes the United Nations?

 

  1. The UN is an international organization formed immediately after World War I in an effort to avoid another world war and consistently renounces war and respects human and economic freedoms. Consider This: The post-World War I effort to form an international peacekeeping force failed.
  2. The UN was created in 1945 as an international peacekeeping organization and has not always been capable of making and keeping peace.
  3. The UN was formed in the late 1930s as an international peacekeeping organization and has remained isolationist from the start.
  4. The UN is composed of fewer than 100 member nations and focuses exclusively on peacekeeping operations.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.21

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 536

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following is a responsibility of the State Department?

 

  1. command of the military Consider This: Military matters belong to the president and Department of Defense.
  2. space exploration
  3. protecting the president
  4. diplomacy

 

Answer: d

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.1.22

Topic: American Foreign Policy: Instruments, Actors, and Policymakers

Learning Objective: LO 18.1: Identify the major instruments and actors in making national security policy.

Page Reference: 536

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. What is the main foreign or defense policy threat posed by Iran?

 

  1. civil unrest
  2. nuclear capabilities
  3. economic collapse
  4. trade disagreements Consider This: Economic sanctions were imposed to address a particular threat.

 

Answer: b

Test Bank Item Title: TB_Q18.5.23

Topic: The New National Security Agenda

Learning Objective: LO 18.5: Analyze the evolving challenges for U.S. national security policy.

Page Reference: 558

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

Difficulty Level: Moderate

 

  1. Which of the following best describes the worlds superpowers since the end of World War II?

 

  1. The United States has been the sole superpower since the end of World War II.
  2. The United States and the Soviet Union were rival superpowers until the end of the Cold War, when the United States became the sole superpower.
  3. The United States and the Soviet Union were rival superpowers until t

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