Hole Human Anatomy & Physiology 12th Edition Test Bank David Shier

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Hole Human Anatomy & Physiology 12th Edition Test Bank David Shier

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Ch05
Tissues

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following is not one of the four basic types of body tissues?
A. Epithelial tissue
B. Connective tissue
C. Eye tissue
D. Muscle tissue

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

2. Which of the following characteristics is used to name tissue types?
A. Location of cells in the body
B. Number of inclusions
C. Organization of cells
D. Number of mitochondria

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

3. Histology is the study of
A. organ function.
B. molecules.
C. cells.
D. tissues.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

4. The type of intercellular junction that functions as a rivet or spot weld is a(n)
A. desmosome.
B. gap junction.
C. tight junction.
D. ion channel.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

5. The type of intercellular junction that forms tubular channels is
A. a desmosome.
B. a gap junction.
C. a tight junction.
D. found in the blood-brain barrier.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

6. The type of intercellular junction that consists of fused membranes is a(an)
A. desmosome.
B. gap junction.
C. tight junction.
D. ion channel.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

7. Intercellular junctions connect
A. cell membranes.
B. cell nuclei.
C. blood cells.
D. microtubules.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

8. A basement membrane anchors
A. muscle tissue to nervous tissue.
B. epithelial tissue to connective tissue.
C. connective tissue to muscle tissue.
D. brain tissue to nervous tissue.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

9. Epithelial tissue functions in
A. secretion, absorption, and protection.
B. contraction, movement, and reflexes.
C. reacting to stimuli, thinking, and remembering.
D. nourishing and hydrating tissues.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

10. The tissue through which gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs is
A. stratified squamous epithelium.
B. simple squamous epithelium.
C. simple cuboidal epithelium.
D. simple columnar epithelium.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

11. The tissue that forms the inner lining of the respiratory passages is
A. mucus-secreting and transitional.
B. stratified, sputum-secreting, and non-ciliated.
C. mucus-secreting, ciliated, and pseudostratified.
D. serous fluid-secreting, simple, and columnar.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

12. The type of epithelium that lines the urinary bladder and many of the urinary passageways is
A. cuboidal.
B. transitional.
C. pseudostratified.
D. columnar.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

13. The differences among merocrine, apocrine, and holocrine secretions are the
A. locations of the glands that produce them.
B. number of cells that secrete.
C. amount of cytoplasm secreted along with the glandular product.
D. amount of glycoprotein secreted with the glandular product.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

14. A carcinoma is a cancer originating from
A. epithelium.
B. connective tissue.
C. muscle tissue.
D. nerve tissue.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

15. About 90% of all cancers originate from
A. epithelium.
B. connective tissue.
C. muscle tissue.
D. nervous tissue.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

16. Which type of tissue lines the follicles of the thyroid glands?
A. Simple squamous epithelium
B. Simple cuboidal epithelium
C. Stratified cuboidal epithelium
D. Glandular epithelium

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

17. The type of epithelium that secretes into ducts that open onto surfaces like skin or into body fluids is
A. simple squamous epithelium.
B. transitional epithelium.
C. stratified cuboidal epithelium.
D. glandular epithelium.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

18. A (An) ______ gland does not branch before reaching the glandular cells or secretory part.
A. simple
B. compound
C. tubular
D. alveolar

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

19. A (An) _______ gland branches repeatedly before reaching the glandular cells or secretory part.
A. simple
B. compound
C. tubular
D. alveolar

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

20. Areolar tissue contains
A. many adipocytes filled with fat.
B. collagenous fibers, elastic fibers, and gel-like ground substance.
C. chondrocytes and lacunae.
D. osteocytes, osteoblasts, and canaliculi.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

21. Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of
A. dense irregular tissue.
B. reticular connective tissue.
C. muscle tissue.
D. dense regular connective tissue.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

22. Cartilage tissues are likely to be slow in healing following an injury because
A. chondrocytes cannot divide.
B. chondrocytes do not have direct blood supplies.
C. the intercellular material is semisolid.
D. cartilage cells are immersed in fluids.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

23. Bone cells form concentric circles around longitudinal tubes called
A. osteons.
B. central canals.
C. lacunae.
D. canaliculi.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

24. Which of the following are cellular fragments?
A. Red blood cells
B. White blood cells
C. Lymphocytes
D. Blood platelets

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

25. _______ produce connective tissue fibers.
A. Macrophages
B. Mast cells
C. Fibroblasts
D. Osteoblasts

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

26. Collagen is a major component of
A. bone.
B. ligaments and tendons.
C. connective tissue.
D. all of the above.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

27. Elastic connective tissue forms
A. bones.
B. branching networks or parallel strands.
C. cartilage.
D. ligaments and tendons.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

28. A general characteristic of connective tissue is that it
A. consists of cells with much extracellular material.
B. has no blood supply.
C. covers the outside of organs.
D. lines organs.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

29. Adipose tissue is a form of
A. epithelium.
B. muscle.
C. nervous tissue.
D. connective tissue.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

30. Cells that reside in a specific connective tissue type for an extended period of time are called
A. wandering cells.
B. transitional cells.
C. fixed cells.
D. stem cells.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

31. Bone tissue contains abundant
A. fibronectin.
B. laminin.
C. fibrocartilage.
D. collagen.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

32. Extracellular matrix consists of
A. ground substance and protein fibers.
B. fixed cells and wandering cells.
C. heparin and keratin.
D. lacunae and lamellae.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

33. Of the four major types of membranes, the one consisting of dense connective tissue overlying loose connective tissue is
A. serous membrane.
B. synovial membrane.
C. mucous membrane.
D. cutaneous membrane.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

34. Epithelial membranes are typically composed of
A. connective tissue and underlying muscle tissue.
B. epithelium and underlying connective tissue.
C. connective tissue and underlying epithelium.
D. epithelium and underlying muscle tissue.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

35. A _______ membrane lines tubes and cavities that open to the outside of the body.
A. serous
B. cutaneous
C. synovial
D. mucous

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

36. A serous membrane consists of a
A. layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thin layer of areolar tissue.
B. layer of pseudostratified epithelium and a thick layer of areolar tissue.
C. layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thick layer of dense connective tissue.
D. layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thick layer of cartilage.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

37. Cutaneous membrane refers to
A. skin.
B. bones.
C. cartilage.
D. mucus.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

38. Embryonic stem cells growing in a lab dish are bathed in a cocktail of chemicals that cause them to specialize into branching networks of single-nucleated cells that pulsate in unison. This tissue is most likely
A. smooth muscle.
B. skeletal muscle.
C. cardiac muscle.
D. epithelial tissue.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

39. There are __ types of muscle cells.
A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

40. Involuntary muscle tissues are
A. smooth muscle tissue and skeletal muscle tissue.
B. cardiac muscle tissue and skeletal muscle tissue.
C. smooth muscle tissue and cardiac muscle tissue.
D. smooth muscle tissue, skeletal muscle tissue, and cardiac muscle tissue.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

41. Muscle cells with more than one nucleus are
A. smooth muscle cells and skeletal muscle cells.
B. cardiac muscle cells and smooth muscle cells.
C. skeletal muscle cells only.
D. smooth muscle cells only.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

42. The muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is
A. smooth muscle tissue.
B. skeletal muscle tissue.
C. intestinal muscle tissue.
D. cardiac muscle tissue.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

43. Cardiac muscle is found in the wall of the
A. stomach.
B. intestine.
C. heart.
D. blood vessels.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

44. Smooth muscle is found in the wall of the
A. stomach.
B. intestine.
C. stomach and intestine.
D. kidney and liver.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

45. The type of muscle tissue in blood vessels is
A. cardiac muscle tissue.
B. smooth muscle tissue.
C. skeletal muscle tissue.
D. voluntary muscle tissue.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

46. Neurons can send messages to
A. only other neurons.
B. only other neurons and neuroglia.
C. other neurons, glands, and muscles.
D. other neurons and skeletal muscle only.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Topic: Histology

47. Functions of neuroglia include which of the following?
A. They guide neurons to muscles, then pass neurotransmitters to the muscle cells.
B. They serve as glue and scaffolding for neurons but have no physiological role.
C. They sense changes in the environment and respond by sending electrical impulses.
D. They support and bind nervous tissue and provide nutrients and growth factors to neurons by connecting them to blood vessels.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Topic: Histology

48. Which of the following is not a characteristic of nervous tissue?
A. It is found in the brain and spinal cord.
B. Some of its cells send electrochemical messages.
C. Its intercellular space is filled with collagen.
D. Its cells sense changes in their surroundings.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Topic: Histology

49. The basis of using proteomics to describe tissues is that
A. different cell types produce different sets of tRNAs.
B. different cell types produce different sets of mRNAs.
C. all cells produce the same amounts of the same proteins.
D. the genetic code is universal.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Boxed Reading: Vignette
Topic: Histology

50. The blood-brain barrier consists of
A. capillaries whose cells are firmly attached by overlapping tight junctions surrounded by astrocytes.
B. a sheet of muscle tissue that separates the brain from the skull.
C. aligned blood cells.
D. capillaries joined by desmosomes that are closer together than they are elsewhere.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 5.1
Topic: Histology

51. The antihistamine Benadryl has a sedative effect, but the antihistamine Zyrtec does not, because
A. Benadryl is taken as a liquid and Zyrtec as a pill.
B. Benadryl costs more than Zyrtec.
C. Zyrtec crosses the blood-brain barrier but Benadryl does not.
D. Benadryl crosses the blood-brain barrier but Zyrtec does not.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 5.1
Topic: Histology

52. Which of the following is not true about the extracellular matrix?
A. It is the same in all tissues.
B. In epithelium it consists of a basement membrane and interstitial matrix.
C. In many body parts it includes various glycoproteins.
D. It may include integrins.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 5.1
Topic: Histology

53. Mutations usually disrupt collagens function because
A. there are many types of collagen and this protein is widespread in the body.
B. collagen has a variable structure.
C. collagen has a very precise structure.
D. collagen is used as a cosmetic.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 5.2
Topic: Histology

54. An engineered tissue might include
A. stem cells.
B. progenitor cells.
C. a scaffold built of synthetic materials.
D. all of the above.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 5.2
Topic: Histology

True / False Questions

55. Tissues are groups of cells that have a common overall function, yet are distinctive in their characteristic cell types and the molecules that the cells produce.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

56. The wall of the heart is made up of three layers, including the middle layer responsible for the hearts pumping action. These layers are all the same tissue type, epithelium.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

57. All tissue types are tightly packed, built of cells attached by intercellular junctions.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

58. Intercellular junctions include gap junctions, tight junctions, and desmosomes.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

59. Histology is the study of the history of anatomy and physiology.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

60. Usually epithelial tissues do not have blood vessels.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

61. A mucus-secreting goblet cell is a unicellular gland.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

62. The tissue that forms the outermost layer of the skin is a type of connective tissue.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

63. The soft part of the nose and the supporting rings of the respiratory passages are composed of fibrocartilage.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

64. White blood cells may become macrophages.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

65. Osteocytes release histamine and heparin.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

66. Osteoblasts become osteocytes.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

67. Bone cells (osteocytes) are in concentric circles around osteonic canals.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

68. Blood is composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets suspended in a fluid extracellular matrix called plasma.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

69. Serous membranes and mucous membranes consist of epithelium and connective tissue.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

70. Skin is a mucous membrane.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

71. A synovial membrane is entirely connective tissue.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

72. Smooth muscle tissue actions are voluntary.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

73. Skeletal muscle lines hollow organs.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

74. Cardiac muscle can function without nervous stimulation but skeletal muscle cannot.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

75. A skeletal muscle fiber contains many nuclei.
TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

76. Muscle tissue conducts electrical impulses from one neuron to another and coordinates body activities.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

77. A neuron is a type of neuroglia.
FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Topic: Histology

Fill in the Blank Questions

78. ______ _______ join cells, forming tissues.
intercellular junctions

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

79. A structure that spot welds skin cells is a __________.
desmosome

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

80. The study of tissues is called ___________.
histology

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

81. The four tissue types are muscle tissue, nervous tissue, connective tissue, and ________.
epithelial tissue

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.01
Topic: Histology

82. The tissue that covers all body surfaces is _____.
epithelium

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

83. A single layer of flattened epithelium forms a tissue called ______ ______ _____.
simple squamous epithelium

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

84. The inner linings of most organs of the digestive system are composed of ______ ______ _____.
simple columnar epithelium

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

85. Glands that release entire cells filled with secretory products are called ______ glands.
holocrine

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.02
Topic: Histology

86. The most abundant cells in dense connective tissue are _______________.
fibroblasts

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

87. Cartilage cells occupy small chambers called ___________.
lacunae

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

88. The intervertebral discs that separate parts of the backbone are composed of __________.
fibrocartilage

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

89. The ______ ______ ______ are the only blood cells that function entirely in blood vessels.
red blood cells

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.03
Topic: Histology

90. The inner lining of the abdomen is a _______ membrane.
serous

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

91. The lining of the nose consists of _______ membrane.
mucous

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

92. Cutaneous membrane is synonymous with ______.
skin

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.04
Topic: Histology

93. Cells of muscle tissue are called ______ _______.
muscle fibers

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

94. Striations but not intercalated discs are seen in _____________ muscle tissue.
skeletal

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

95. Muscle tissue that is involuntary and has striations is found in ___________ muscle.
cardiac

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

96. The primary characteristic of muscle tissues is their ability to _____.
contract

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

97. The band between cardiac muscle cells is called a(n) ______ _____.
intercalated disc

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.05
Topic: Histology

98. Cells that support neurons are _________.
neuroglia

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Topic: Histology

99. The cells that respond to environmental stimuli are ________.
neurons

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Topic: Histology

100. Neuron axons transmit electrical impulses to _______, ______, and ________.
other neurons; muscles; glands

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 05.06
Topic: Histology

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