Human Biology Sylvia Mader 13th Edition Test Bank

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Human Biology Sylvia Mader 13th Edition Test Bank

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Chapter 07
The Lymphatic and Immune Systems

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are organisms that are capable of causing disease called?
A. symbionts
B. teratogens
C. carcinogens
D. mutagens
E. pathogens
Pathogens are organisms such as viruses and bacteria that are capable of causing disease.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.01.01 Distinguish between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea
Topic: Viruses

2. A bacterium that is shaped like a basketball would be called a(n)
A. coccus.
B. bacillus.
C. spirillus.
D. ovular.
E. squiggly.
Cocci are spherical in shape.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.01.01 Distinguish between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

3. The physician prescribed methicillin for Melissas Staphylococcus infection. He explained to Melissa that certain bacteria such as the Gram positive forms are more sensitive to the cillin based drugs. The mode of action of the drug is to
A. inhibit ribosomal activity.
B. interfere with the production of the bacterial cell wall.
C. denature bacterial DNA.
D. speed up bacterial metabolism.
E. punch a hole in the cell membrane.
Methicillin and other cillin drugs are used against certain bacteria because they interfere with the production of the cell wall.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 07.01.02 Identify the structures of a prokaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

4. What exist in some bacteria to prevent them from being destroyed by phagocytic white blood cells?
A. pili
B. fimbrae
C. flagella
D. plasmids
E. capsules
Capsules exist in some bacteria and prevent them from being destroyed by phagocytic white blood cells.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.01.02 Identify the structures of a prokaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

5. What do eukaryotes have that prokaryotes do not?
A. ribosomes
B. enzymes
C. nucleus
D. DNA
E. cell membrane
Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus or other organelles.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.01.01 Distinguish between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

6. Which of the following contributes to the ability of a bacterium to resist antibiotics?
A. capsule
B. nucleoid
C. plasmid
D. fimbriae
E. flagellum
A plasmid often carries resistance genes for antibiotics.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.01.02 Identify the structures of a prokaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

True / False Questions

7. All bacteria are pathogens.
FALSE
Many bacteria are beneficial to humans and do not cause disease.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.01.01 Distinguish between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

Multiple Choice Questions

8. Which of the following is not a beneficial contribution of bacteria to humans?
A. decomposers in the environment
B. important in the wine, cheese, and bread industry
C. useful in biotechnology
D. symbionts in the digestive tract
E. disease-causing agents
Bacteria can cause disease in humans and other organisms, thereby harming humans.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.01.01 Distinguish between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

9. From the outside moving in, what is the first structure encountered on a bacterium?
A. cell wall
B. capsule
C. cell membrane
D. cytoplasm
E. nucleoid
The capsule is on the outside of the bacterium.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.01.02 Identify the structures of a prokaryotic cell.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Bacteria and Archaea

10. Choose the following statement that does not describe viruses.
A. They contain a protein coat called a capsid.
B. They may contain genomic DNA or RNA.
C. They are acellular.
D. They are obligate intracellular parasites.
E. They grow and develop.
Viruses do not grow and develop.

Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 07.01.03 Describe the structure of a general virus.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Viruses

True / False Questions

11. A virus does not contain ribosomes.
TRUE
Viruses depend on the host cell to provide ribosomes for protein translation.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.01.03 Describe the structure of a general virus.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Viruses

Multiple Choice Questions

12. Which of the following diseases is caused by a virus?
A. strep throat
B. tuberculosis
C. chicken pox
D. gonorrhea
E. syphilis
Chicken pox is caused by the Varicella zoster virus.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.01.03 Describe the structure of a general virus.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Viruses

13. Prions cause degenerative diseases of what system?
A. cardiovascular
B. digestive
C. urinary
D. lymphatic
E. nervous
Prions cause degenerative diseases of the nervous system called spongiform encephalopathies.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.01.03 Describe the structure of a general virus.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Viruses

14. A prion consists of
A. DNA only.
B. protein only.
C. RNA only.
D. DNA plus protein.
E. DNA, RNA, and protein.
A prion is a proteinaceous infectious particle, composed only of protein.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.01.03 Describe the structure of a general virus.
Section: 07.01
Topic: Viruses

15. Which of the following is not one of the functions of the lymphatic system?
A. take up excess tissue fluid, return it to the bloodstream
B. absorb fats in the intestines
C. help the body defend against disease
D. production, maintenance, and distribution of lymphocytes
E. calcium homeostasis
The lymphatic system is not responsible for calcium homeostasis.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.02.02 Summarize how the lymphatic system contributes to homeostasis.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

16. Lymph capillaries drain directly into the right lymphatic duct.
FALSE
The lymph capillaries will join to form lymphatic vessels that merge before entering the right lymphatic duct.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.02.03 Explain how the lymphatic system interacts with the circulatory system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

17. What is the name of the lymphatic vessels located in the small intestines?
A. tonsils
B. nodes
C. polyps
D. adenoids
E. lacteals
Lymphatic capillaries called lacteals are located in the small intestines.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.02.01 Describe the structure of the lymphatic system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

18. The lymphatic system will play a role in defending the body against pathogens and maintaining a state of homeostasis.
TRUE
It is true that the lymphatic system will play a role in defending the body against pathogens and maintaining a state of homeostasis.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.02.02 Summarize how the lymphatic system contributes to homeostasis.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

19. Which of the following is not a lymphatic organ?
A. spleen
B. tonsil
C. thymus
D. liver
E. red bone marrow
The liver is not a lymphatic organ.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.02.01 Describe the structure of the lymphatic system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

20. In what way are lymphatic vessels unlike veins in the cardiovascular system?
A. one-way system
B. contain valves
C. take up excess tissue fluid
D. dependent upon skeletal muscle contraction
E. transport fluid
Veins in the cardiovascular system do not take up excess tissue fluid.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.02.01 Describe the structure of the lymphatic system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

21. Which of the lymphatic organs is also part of the skeletal system?
A. spleen
B. thymus
C. tonsils
D. red marrow
E. lymph nodes
The red bone marrow is the site for the origin of all types of blood cells.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.02.01 Describe the structure of the lymphatic system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

22. Where does the lymphatic system empty into the cardiovascular system?
A. tonsils
B. axillary lymph nodes
C. inguinal lymph nodes
D. thymus
E. the right lymphatic duct
The right lymphatic duct returns lymph into the right subclavian vein.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.02.03 Explain how the lymphatic system interacts with the circulatory system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

23. Where do T lymphocytes mature?
A. thymus
B. thyroid
C. spleen
D. red bone marrow
E. tonsil
The T lymphocytes mature in the thymus.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.02.01 Describe the structure of the lymphatic system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

24. If the lymph system did not do its job, what would be one of the consequences?
A. excess glucose in the blood stream
B. slow reaction time to external stimuli
C. inability to clot
D. edema in the tissues
E. jaundice
Because the lymphatic system collects excess tissue fluid, if it were not working, swelling (edema) would occur in the tissues.

Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 07.02.02 Summarize how the lymphatic system contributes to homeostasis.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Homeostasis
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

25. The thymus cleanses the blood from the cardiovascular system of cellular debris and bacteria.
FALSE
The spleen cleanses the blood.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.02.03 Explain how the lymphatic system interacts with the circulatory system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

26. One set of the bodys defenses are called innate. In this context, this means
A. they act indiscriminately against all pathogens.
B. they work very, very quickly.
C. they only act internally.
D. phagocytosis is involved.
E. they are lost as we age.
Innate in this context means that these defenses act indiscriminately against all pathogens.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.03.01 List examples of the bodys innate defenses.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

27. Which of the following is not considered a barrier to entry of a pathogen?
A. intact skin
B. mucous membranes
C. sebaceous secretions
D. acid pH of stomach
E. inflammatory response
The inflammatory response occurs after the pathogen has entered the body.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03.01 List examples of the bodys innate defenses.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

28. How can normal flora be a barrier to entry?
A. They cause an inflammatory response that kills pathogenic bacteria upon contact.
B. They phagocytize any pathogenic bacteria that attempt to infect.
C. They use up nutrients and release wastes, preventing pathogenic bacteria from gaining a foothold.
D. They release histamine which causes blood vessels to become permeable.
E. They activate the complement system which punches holes in the invading pathogen.
By their presence, resident bacteria or normal flora use up nutrients and release waste that make the environment inhospitable for invading pathogens.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.03.01 List examples of the bodys innate defenses.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

29. What cell types are involved in the inflammatory response?
A. eosinophils and neutrophils
B. eosinophils and basophils
C. basophils and macrophages
D. neutrophils and macrophages
E. normal flora (bacteria mostly)
Neutrophils and macrophages are the main cells involved in the inflammatory response.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03.02 Summarize the events in the inflammatory response.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

30. Which of the following is not a sign of inflammation?
A. redness
B. heat
C. swelling
D. pain
E. difficulty breathing
The four signs of inflammation are redness, heat, swelling, and pain.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.03.02 Summarize the events in the inflammatory response.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

31. Monocytes become what type of cell in the tissue?
A. neutrophils
B. eosinophils
C. basophils
D. macrophages
E. red blood cells
Monocytes become macrophages once they enter the tissues.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.03.02 Summarize the events in the inflammatory response.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

32. Inflammation is normally a self-limiting process.
TRUE
When an injury is not serious, the inflammatory response is short-lived and the healing process will quickly return the affected area to the normal state.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03.02 Summarize the events in the inflammatory response.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

33. Certain complement proteins kill foreign microbes by
A. creating interferon.
B. causing them to burst.
C. inactivating their ribosomes.
D. agglutinating them.
E. destroying their nucleic acids.
Certain complement proteins involved in the membrane attack complex kill foreign microbes by causing them to burst.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03.03 Explain the role of the complement system.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

34. The reason the complement system is called that is because it
A. is part of the inflammatory response.
B. helps other immune responses.
C. involves chemical barriers to entry.
D. produces T and B cells.
E. is composed of normal flora.
The complement proteins complement certain other immune responses.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.03.03 Explain the role of the complement system.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

35. The membrane attack complex of the complement system is not effective against viruses.
TRUE
Since viruses are not surrounded by a membrane, the membrane attack complex is ineffective against them.

Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 07.03.03 Explain the role of the complement system.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

36. T cells can recognize antigens because they
A. have enzymes which react with antigens.
B. possess specific receptors.
C. produce antibodies.
D. possess fimbrae.
E. become plasma cells.
T cells possess specific receptors that help them identify antigens.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 07.04.01 Explain the role of an antigen in the acquired defenses.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

37. Which of the following is in the correct order in the formation of antibodies?
A. antigen binds to BCR; B cell divides; B cell activated; plasma cells form
B. B cell activated; antigen binds to BCR; B cell divides; plasma cells form
C. plasma cells form; B cell activated; B cell divides; antigen binds to BCR
D. antigen binds to BCR; B cell activated; B cell divides; plasma cells form
E. plasma cells form; B cell divides; B cell activated; antigen binds to BCR
The correct order is: antigen binds to BCR; B cell activated; B cell divides; plasma cells form.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.04.02 Summarize the process of antibody-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

38. What is the definition of an antigen?
A. anything the immune system recognizes as foreign to the body
B. a protein produced by plasma cells that attacks pathogens
C. a type of white blood cell
D. a part of the membrane attack complex of the complement system
E. a form of immune deficiency
Anything that the immune system recognizes as foreign to the body is called an antigen.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.04.01 Explain the role of an antigen in the acquired defenses.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

39. The acquired defense system only recognizes and destroys cells with antigens that come from outside the body.
FALSE
The acquired defense system will also recognize cancer cells with abnormal membrane proteins and destroy them.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.04.01 Explain the role of an antigen in the acquired defenses.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

40. What are the first antibodies produced by a plasma cell?
A. IgG
B. IgE
C. IgM
D. IgD
E. IgA
IgM antibodies are the first produced by a plasma cell.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.04.02 Summarize the process of antibody-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

41. In antibody-mediated immunity where does the antigen first bind?
A. memory cell
B. plasma cell
C. BCR
D. helper T cell
E. TCR
The antigen first binds to the B-cell receptor (BCR) to activate antibody-mediated immunity.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.04.02 Summarize the process of antibody-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

42. Phil was exposed to parasitic worms on a recent field trip to the tropics. Under these conditions, which antibody levels would be higher than normal?
A. IgA
B. IgG
C. IgD
D. IgM
E. IgE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 07.04.02 Summarize the process of antibody-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

43. What two sites are involved in the production and maturation of T lymphocytes?
A. thyroid and tonsils
B. tonsils and thymus
C. thymus and bone marrow
D. bone marrow and thyroid
E. tonsils and bone marrow
Lymphocytes are produced in the bone marrow and T lymphocytes travel to the thymus to mature.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.04.03 Summarize the process of cell-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

44. Shaun was in need of a kidney transplant. What is the most important thing that needs to match between him and the kidney donor?
A. TCR
B. MHC
C. PCR
D. HCG
E. EKG
The Major Histocompatibility Complex antigens must match to avoid rejection of the transplant.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 07.04.03 Summarize the process of cell-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

45. Cytotoxic T cells contain what type of molecules that punch holes in the plasma membranes of potential pathogens?
A. steroid
B. interferon
C. antioxidant
D. complement
E. perforin
Cytotoxic T cells contain perforin molecules that punch holes in the plasma membranes of potential pathogens.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.04.03 Summarize the process of cell-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

46. In ______ immunity the individual produces antibodies against particular pathogens while in ______ immunity the individual is given specific antibodies against a pathogen.
A. active, neutral
B. passive, neutral
C. active, passive
D. passive, active
E. neutral, active
In active immunity the individual produces antibodies against particular pathogens and in passive immunity the individual is given specific antibodies against a pathogen.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.05.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 07.05
Topic: Immune System

47. What do having the measles and being vaccinated against the measles have in common?
A. They are both forms of active immunity.
B. They are both forms of neutral immunity.
C. They are both forms of passive immunity.
D. They are both forms of an infection.
E. They are both forms of an immune deficiency.
Active immunity involves making your own antibodies against an antigen, whether it is introduced via an infection or a vaccination.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.05.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 07.05
Topic: Immune System

48. The RhoGAM shot given to Rh negative mothers with an Rh positive fetus is an example of what type of immunity?
A. active
B. passive
C. nonspecific
D. general
E. neutral
The RhoGAM shot is an example of passive immunity. It is an injection of serum that contains antibodies.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 07.05.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 07.05
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

49. If you were vaccinated against the mumps virus and later exposed to it, you would still be infected but it would not be as bad as if you had never been vaccinated.
FALSE
The purpose of a vaccination is to prevent an infection by causing active immunity.

Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 07.05.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 07.05
Topic: Immune System

50. Cytokines are signaling molecules produced by T lymphocytes.
TRUE
True, cytokines are produced by T lymphocytes, macrophages, and other cells.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.05.02 Recognize the importance of cytokines in immunity.
Section: 07.05
Topic: Immune System

51. Cytokines assist in regulating white blood cell formation.
TRUE
It is true that cytokines assist in regulating white blood cell formation.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.05.02 Recognize the importance of cytokines in immunity.
Section: 07.05
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

52. Before working at the hospital, Beth was given a Mantoux skin test to detect tuberculosis. If it were positive, the site of the test would become hardened and red. What type of response is this?
A. anaphylactic
B. histamine
C. immediate allergic
D. delayed allergic
E. B-cell mediated
The Mantoux skin test uses the delayed allergic response to indicate exposure to tuberculosis.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 07.06.01 Explain what causes an allergic reaction.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

53. Cytokines are being investigated for a possible treatment of which disease?
A. AIDS
B. pneumonia
C. hepatitis
D. tuberculosis
E. malaria
Cytokines regulate white blood cell formation so they are being investigated as a possible treatment for AIDS. AIDS is associated with the destruction of the white blood cells in the body.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.05.02 Recognize the importance of cytokines in immunity.
Section: 07.05
Topic: Immune System

54. When stung by a bee, Jackie goes into anaphylactic shock. This should be quickly treated with
A. epinephrine.
B. histamine.
C. cytokines.
D. interferon.
E. a vaccination.
Epinephrine counteracts the effects of histamine in anaphylactic shock.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.06.01 Explain what causes an allergic reaction.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

Short Answer Questions

55. Describe the function of the thymus as it relates to the lymphatic system.
The thymus has 2 main functions in regards to the lymphatic system:
1. produces thymatic hormones such as thymosin
2. immature T lymphocytes migrate from the bone marrow through the bloodstream to the thymus, where they mature.

Blooms Level: 6. Create
Learning Outcome: 07.02.01 Describe the structure of the lymphatic system.
Section: 07.02
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

56. Which of the following is not an autoimmune disease?
A. hay fever
B. rheumatic fever
C. rheumatoid arthritis
D. systemic lupus erythematosus
E. myasthenia gravis
Hay fever is a hypersensitivity.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.06.02 Identify the causes of select autoimmune diseases.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

Short Answer Questions

57. List and describe the bodys innate defenses.
The innate defenses of the body include:
1. physical and chemical barriers to entry: the skin and mucous membranes act as a first line of defense, preventing pathogens from entering the body.
2. inflammatory response: this is the second line of defense. If pathogens have entered the body inflammation employs neutrophils and macrophages to surround and kill pathogens.
3. protective proteins: the protective proteins are involved in and amplify the inflammatory response. They can bind to mast cells and trigger histamine release.

Blooms Level: 6. Create
Learning Outcome: 07.03.01 List examples of the bodys innate defenses.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

58. An allergic response is an over reaction of the immune system.
TRUE
Allergic responses are hypersensitivities (greater sensitivities).

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.06.01 Explain what causes an allergic reaction.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

59. Histamine, released during inflammation, is associated with which defense mechanism?
A. innate
B. active
C. complimentary
D. cell-mediated
E. adaptive
Inflammation and the release of histamine is part of the bodys innate defenses.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.03.02 Summarize the events in the inflammatory response.
Section: 07.03
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

60. In SCID, antibodies are missing but T cells function normally.
FALSE
Inflammation and the release of histamine is part of the bodys innate defenses.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 07.06.02 Identify the causes of select autoimmune diseases.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

Short Answer Questions

61. Explain the presence and function of the IgA class of antibodies.
IgA antibodies are found in body secretions such as saliva and milk. Their functions include prevention of pathogens from attaching to epithelial cells in the digestive and respiratory tract.

Blooms Level: 6. Create
Learning Outcome: 07.04.02 Summarize the process of antibody-mediated immunity and list the cells involved in the process.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

62. All autoimmune diseases are caused strictly by environmental factors such as viral infections.
FALSE
Autoimmune diseases can be genetic or environmental.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.06.02 Identify the causes of select autoimmune diseases.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

63. Which class of antibodies plays a role in activating the complement and clumping cells?
A. IgM
B. IgG
C. IgA
D. IgD
E. IgE
IgM antibodies activate the complement and clump cells. IgG antibodies bind to pathogens, activate the compliment and enhance phagocytosis. IgA antibodies prevent pathogens from attaching to epithelial cells in the digestive and respiratory tract. IgD antibodies signify the readiness of the B cells. IgE antibodies are responsible for the immediate allergic response and protection against parasitic worms.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.04.01 Explain the role of an antigen in the acquired defenses.
Section: 07.04
Topic: Immune System

True / False Questions

64. People with allergies do not produce IgE.
FALSE
People with allergies produce ten times more IgE than those people without allergies.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 07.06.01 Explain what causes an allergic reaction.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

Multiple Choice Questions

65. Which autoimmune disease is associated with an inflammatory response that can damage the heart muscle and valves?
A. rheumatic fever
B. rheumatoid arthritis
C. Myasthenia gravis
D. AIDS
E. Tuberculosis
Rheumatic fever is associated with an inflammatory response that can damage the heart muscle and valves. Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with chronically inflamed joints. Myasthenia gravis develops when antibodies attach to and interfere with the function of neuromuscular junctions. AIDS and tuberculosis are not autoimmune disorders.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 07.06.02 Identify the causes of select autoimmune diseases.
Section: 07.06
Topic: Immune System

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