Introduction To International Disaster Management 3rd Edition by Damon P. Coppola Test Bank

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Introduction To International Disaster Management 3rd Edition by Damon P. Coppola Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS

Introduction To International Disaster Management 3rd Edition by Damon P. Coppola Test Bank

Damon Coppola: Introduction to International Disaster Management, 3rd Edition

Chapter 2: Hazards

 

 

  1. Disasters may spread from one country to any other because of which of the following?

 

  1. Globalization
  2. The speed and ease of international travel
  3. Global climate change patterns

*d. All of the above

 

  1. The first step taken in any effective disaster management process should be which of the following?

 

*a. Hazard identification

  1. Risk analysis
  2. Needs assessment
  3. Risk assessment

 

  1. Which of the following is not generally considered an intentional hazard?

 

*a. HazMat spil

  1. War
  2. Rioting
  3. Crime

 

  1. Brainstorming is a form of which kind of hazard identification method?

 

*a. Prescriptive

  1. Definitive
  2. Creative
  3. Deductive

 

  1. Which of the following officials is likely to have information that could assist a hazard identification effort?

 

  1. Floodplain manager
  2. Public works director
  3. City manager

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following focuses on the many possible effects resulting from a single hazard?

 

  1. Fault tree

*b. Event tree

  1. Both of the above
  2. Neither of the above

 

  1. Which of the following may be created by disaster managers to summarize all of the necessary information about a disaster into a succinct report?

 

*a. Risk statement

  1. Risk summary report
  2. Risk assessment
  3. Hazard brief

 

  1. Which of the following is typically included in a community profile?

 

  1. Property
  2. Demographics
  3. Geography

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following hazards is likely to affect a community in a uniform manner?

 

  1. Landslides
  2. Heavy rain

*c. Both a and b

  1. Neither a nor b

 

  1. Which of the following is not normally found on a standard risk statement?

 

  1. Location of hazard
  2. Expected duration of the hazard event

*c. Secondary hazards caused by the hazard

  1. Available warnings for the hazard

 

  1. Hazards associated with movement of the earths plates are known as which of the following?

 

  1. Meteorological hazards
  2. Mass-movement hazards
  3. Tectonic hazards*
  4. Expansive soil hazards

 

  1. Which of the following is the distance below the earths surface where the energy of an earthquake is released?

 

  1. Epicenter
  2. Focus
  3. Shockwave

*d. Focal depth

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of the three main categories of volcanoes?

 

  1. Subduction

*b. Continental

  1. Rift
  2. Hotspot

 

  1. Which of the following can cause a tsunami?

 

  1. Flash flood

*b. Landslide

  1. Hurricane
  2. None of the above

 

  1. Expansive soils, avalanches, and land subsidence are all forms of which type of natural hazard?

 

  1. Meteorological hazard
  2. Tectonic hazard

*c. Mass movement hazard

  1. None of the above

 

  1. The most common natural hazard throughout the world is which of the following?

 

  1. Earthquakes
  2. Landslides
  3. Wildfires

*d. Flooding

 

  1. Which of the following may be used to measure drought risk?

 

  1. The Modified Mercalli Scale

*b. The Palmer Index

  1. The Saffir-Simpson Scale
  2. The Fujita-Pearson Scale

 

  1. Tropical cyclones occur in which part of the world?

 

  1. Northwest Pacific Ocean, west of the International Date Line

*b. Southwest Indian Ocean

  1. North Atlantic Ocean
  2. Southwest Pacific Ocean west of 160E

 

  1. In 2003, over 40,000 people died as the result of which hazard?

 

  1. Flooding
  2. Seismic activity
  3. Tsunami

*d. Extreme heat

 

  1. Which of the following is not a type of biological weapon?

 

  1. Viruses
  2. Prions
  3. Bacteria
  4. Toxins

 

  1. Which of the following weapons involves the movement of energy through space and material?

 

  1. Biological weapons
  2. Chemical weapons

*c. Radiological weapons

  1. All of the above

 

  1. Governments should focus their efforts upon those hazards that are likely to result in the greatest undesirable consequences if they were to occur.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. During hazard identification, emergency managers are not concerned with the likelihood or consequence of hazards.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. In hazard identification, disaster managers must attempt to identify every scenario that could possibly occur within a given community or country.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Physical location dictates a nations full hazard profile.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. It is uncommon for hazards in one hazard category, such as a natural hazard, to cause a secondary hazard from any other category other than the one in which the original hazard is classified.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Dam failure is a hazard that exists in almost every country of the world.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Checklists are a good way to begin the hazard identification process.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. In 2010, the United States was listed among the top 10 countries ranked by number of terrorist attacks.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. In general, natural hazards are much less understood than technological hazards.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Though natural hazards have existed for thousands of years, technological and intentional hazards are both relatively new, emerging only in the past few decades.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The hazard identification process tells disaster managers little more than what hazards threaten the community.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Meteorological drought is a measure of the difference between observed levels of precipitation and the normal range of values for precipitation in that same affected area.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Earthquakes are a secondary hazard of a tsunami.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The Hawaiian Islands are an example of a shield volcano.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. On average, over 1 million avalanches occur each year.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. On average, more people are killed each year by earthquakes than any other hazard.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The Richter Scale measures earthquake intensity.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Transportation accidents can involve both transportation vehicles and the systems upon which they depend.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Maritime accidents rarely involve passengers, causing most of their harm through the release of their hazardous cargo.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Chemical weapons have existed for centuries.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Landslides can occur slowly, over a course of days and even weeks.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

 

Damon Coppola: Introduction to International Disaster Management, 3rd Edition

Chapter 4: Mitigation

 

 

  1. Which component of risk is addressed by mitigation measures?

 

  1. Hazard likelihood
  2. Hazard consequence
  3. Neither a nor b

*d. Either a or b, or both a and b

 

  1. When considering a hurricane, a disaster manager is likely it employ a mitigation measure that addresses which of the following?

 

*a. Hazard consequence

  1. Hazard likelihood
  2. Both a and b
  3. Neither a nor b

 

  1. Risk avoidance, in relation to natural hazards, often involves which of the following?

 

  1. Passing legislation that prohibits construction below agreed upon safety standards
  2. Climate change

*c. Removing all people and structures from the affected area

  1. Risk avoidance is not a viable mitigation option.

 

  1. Which of the following is not a situation in which risk acceptance may be an appropriate option?

 

  1. A limited amount of funds is available to treat a wide range of hazards.
  2. Risk reduction will result in an increase in overall negative consequences.
  3. Socio-cultural resistance to mitigation of the hazard exists.

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is the most common form of risk transfer?

 

  1. Home buyouts

*b. Insurance

  1. Building codes
  2. Risk avoidance

 

  1. Which of the following is defined as a measure that reduces risk through modification in human behavior or natural processes without requiring the use of engineered structures?

 

  1. Risk consequence reduction
  2. Building construction codes
  3. Risk likelihood reduction

*d. Nonstructural mitigation

 

  1. Which of the following is often referred to as man controlling nature when applied to natural hazards?

 

  1. Building codes

*b. Structural mitigation

  1. Home buyout programs
  2. Relocation

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of resistant construction?

 

  1. A levee
  2. An avalanche chute

*c. A house built on stilts

  1. All of the above

 

  1. Developers often fight the creation of strict building codes because of which of the following reasons?
  2. They lack the technical ability to adhere to the new codes.

*b. Associated increased building costs lower their profit margins.

  1. They do not believe in the value of strict building codes.
  2. None of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is one of the greatest obstacles to the success of building codes?

 

*a. Lack of effective code enforcement

  1. Lack of quality building materials
  2. Lack of government support
  3. Lack of stringent enough building codes

 

  1. Which of the following is the most common reason that structures are relocated as a mitigation measure?

 

  1. Earthquakes

*b. Floods

  1. Volcanoes
  2. Landslides

 

  1. Roof straps are a mitigation measure that is effective against which of the following hazards?

 

  1. Floods
  2. Lightning

*c. Cyclonic storms

  1. Hail

 

  1. Which of the following mitigation measures is dependent upon an effective early warning system?

 

  1. Building retrofit
  2. Community relocation
  3. Risk spreading

*d. Community shelters

 

  1. Which of the following mitigation measures is designed to stop a physical force dead in its tracks?

 

*a. Barrier system

  1. Retention system
  2. Deflection system
  3. All of the above

 

  1. Slope terracing is a form of which of the following mitigation categories?

 

  1. Resistant construction
  2. Structural modification

*c. Physical modification

  1. Deflection system

 

  1. Which of the following is a life safety system into which redundancy may be designed?

 

  1. Electricity infrastructure
  2. Public health infrastructure
  3. Emergency management infrastructure

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Denial of service to high-risk areas is a form of which of the following nonstructural mitigation measures?

 

*a. Regulatory measures

  1. Community awareness and education
  2. Nonstructural physical modification
  3. Behavioral modification

 

  1. Which of the following is a form of behavioral modification?

 

  1. Building code enforcement

*b. Environmental conservation

  1. Early warning
  2. None of the above

 

  1. Adverse selection has resulted in which of the following?

 

  1. It has made private lending organizations further limit the number of applicants that qualify for their mortgages.
  2. It has caused a decrease in the effectiveness of building codes.

*c. It has made the business of hazard insurance undesirable to many insurance companies.

  1. It has caused more people to move into high-risk areas.

 

  1. Which of the following is the greatest obstacle to mitigation?

 

*a. Cost

  1. Compliance
  2. Technology
  3. Low levels of public support

 

  1. Which of the following is a method by which mitigation options may be assessed by a hazards risk management team?

 

  1. STANDARD
  2. SMAUG

*c. STAPLEE

  1. All of the above

 

  1. Mitigation measures are often identified and evaluated during the hazard identification stage of hazards risk management.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. All mitigation measures have an associated cost.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Mitigation measures that address hazard likelihood are more commonly appropriate for technological hazards than they are for natural hazards.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Mitigation measures addressing hazard consequences assume that the hazard will occur.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Natural disaster detection systems are employed primarily to save lives.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. For technological disasters, mitigation measures addressing hazard consequence tend to address the hardening of structures and systems, and the protection of people.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Community shelters are not an effective measure to mitigate the consequences of landslides.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Risk avoidance is most commonly applied to technological hazards.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Risk acceptance, as a mitigation option, is most prevalent in wealthy nations.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Building codes are the primary reason for the drastic drop in the number of earthquake deaths that have occurred over the past century.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Developing an effective emergency response capacity is a form of disaster mitigation.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Mitigation measures addressing risk likelihood are more likely to be nonstructural.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. It is possible to retrofit a building roof such that it is more resistant to the effects of hail.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. An avalanche bridge is a form of a retention system.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Treatment systems seek to remove a hazard from a relied-upon natural system.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Insurance does not directly address the likelihood component of risk.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Securing furniture to building walls is a form of nonstructural mitigation.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. It is impossible to control or influence hazards through nonengineered structural means.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Participation in insurance has been known to encourage people to act more irresponsibly than they may have without such coverage.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Public education measures are considered both structural and nonstructural mitigation measures.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The most critical factor in assessing a risk mitigation option is to determine its impact on reducing the identified risk or vulnerability in the community.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

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