Life Span Development 15th Edition by John Santrock Test Bank

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Life Span Development 15th Edition by John Santrock Test Bank

Description

Chapter 1
Socioemotional Development in Adolescence

Multiple Choice Questions

1.
Though controversial, studies indicate that self-esteem:

A.
is particularly high in adolescence.

B.
remains constant in adolescence.

C.
increases in adolescent boys.

D.
declines in adolescent girls.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Self-Esteem

2.
A New Zealand longitudinal study assessed the self-esteem of adolescents at 11, 13, and 15 years of age and then assessed the adjustment and competence of the same individuals when they were 26 years old. Its results indicated:

A.
no connection between self-esteem in adolescence and competence as adults.

B.
that well-adjusted, competent adults were just as likely as adults characterized by poorer mental and physical health to have low self-esteem in adolescence.

C.
individuals with low self-esteem in adolescence showed no negative outcomes in adulthood.

D.
that adults characterized by poorer mental and physical health were more likely to have low self-esteem in adolescence than well-adjusted, competent adults.

APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Self-Esteem

3.
_____ refers to a self-centered and self-concerned approach toward others.

A.
Egocentrism

B.
Narcissism

C.
Egotism

D.
Solipsism

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Self-Esteem

4.
_____ are excessively self-centered, self-congratulatory, and view their own needs and desires as paramount.

A.
Pessimists

B.
Egotists

C.
Pragmatists

D.
Narcissists

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Self-Esteem

5.
Identity development:

A.
is a single, neat process.

B.
gets done in bits and pieces.

C.
happens cataclysmically.

D.
involves making decisions once and for all.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Identity

6.
Which of the following statements about identity development is TRUE?

A.
Synthesizing the identity components is a single, neat process in normal individuals.

B.
Decisions about identity may take time, but once they are made, they are set for life.

C.
Identity development occurs in a single, one-step process.

D.
Identity encompasses an individuals personality characteristics.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Identity

7.
Richard believes he is gay. This orientation is part of Richards _____ identity.

A.
relationship

B.
intellectual

C.
sexual

D.
ethnic

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Identity

8.
Holly is a quiet and introverted person. She feels stressed whenever she has to interact with a lot of people. Which of the following BEST describes this aspect of Hollys identity?

A.
Interests

B.
Personality

C.
Physical identity

D.
Relationship identity

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Identity

9. An individuals body image encompasses his or her _____.
A.
sexual identity

B.
personality

C.
relationship identity

D.
physical identity

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Identity

10. Which of the following is Eriksons fifth developmental stage?
A.
Identity versus identity confusion

B.
Autonomy versus shame and doubt

C.
Initiative versus guilt

D.
Intimacy versus isolation

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Eriksons View of Identity

11.
According to Erik Erikson, which of the following developmental stages is experienced by an individual during adolescence?

A.
Autonomy versus shame and doubt

B.
Intimacy versus isolation

C.
Initiative versus guilt

D.
Identity versus identity confusion

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Eriksons View of Identity

12.
According to Erik Erikson, during the _____ stage, adolescents are faced with deciding who they are, what they are all about, and where they are going in life.

A.
autonomy versus shame and doubt

B.
identity versus identity confusion

C.
initiative versus guilt

D.
intimacy versus isolation

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Eriksons View of Identity

13.
Which of the following is the term Erik Erikson uses to describe the gap between childhood security and adult autonomy?

A.
Psychosocial moratorium

B.
Sociological amnesty

C.
Societal moratorium

D.
Behavioral reprieve

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Eriksons View of Identity

14.
What is the term Erikson uses to describe a period in which society leaves adolescents relatively free of responsibilities and free to try out different identities?

A.
Sociological amnesty

B.
Societal moratorium

C.
Psychosocial moratorium

D.
Behavioral reprieve

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Eriksons View of Identity

15.
Adolescents who do not successfully resolve their identity crisis suffer from what Erikson calls _____.

A.
identity diffusion

B.
unresolved identity

C.
identity confusion

D.
identity moratorium

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Eriksons View of Identity

16.
Eriksonian researcher James Marcia reasons that Eriksons theory of identity development contains _____ of identity, or ways of resolving the identity crisis.

A.
five stages

B.
four statuses

C.
five statuses

D.
six stages

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

17.
According to James Marcia, what determines an individuals identity status?

A.
The choices and alternatives they have access to

B.
Their socioeconomic and academic profile

C.
The existence or extent of their crisis or commitment

D.
The existence or extent of parental and social support

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

18.
_____ is defined as a period of identity development during which the individual is exploring alternatives.

A.
Commitment

B.
Calling

C.
Conscientiousness

D.
Crisis

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

19.
Which of the following is the term that most researchers use to describe crisis?

A.
Foreclosure

B.
Exploration

C.
Moratorium

D.
Commitment

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

20. _____ reflects an individuals personal investment in identity.
A.
Commitment

B.
Collaboration

C.
Calling

D.
Conscientiousness

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

21.
Identify the status of individuals who have not yet experienced a crisis or made any commitments.

A.
Identity crisis

B.
Identity diffusion

C.
Identity foreclosure

D.
Identity achievement

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

22.
Individuals whose identity status can be described as identity _____ are undecided about occupational and ideological choices, and they are also likely to show little interest in such matters.

A.
moratorium

B.
achievement

C.
foreclosure

D.
diffusion

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

23. Identity _____ is James Marcias term for the status of adolescents who are in the midst of a crisis, and whose commitment levels are either absent or only vaguely defined.
A.
confusion

B.
stagnation

C.
diffusion

D.
moratorium

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

24.
Identity _____ is the status of individuals who have made a commitment but not experienced a crisis.

A.
foreclosure

B.
moratorium

C.
achievement

D.
diffusion

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

25.
The status of identity _____ occurs most often when parents hand down commitments to their adolescents, usually in an authoritarian way, before adolescents have had a chance to explore different approaches, ideologies, and vocations on their own.

A.
achievement

B.
moratorium

C.
foreclosure

D.
diffusion

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

26. Ramons parents have decided that he will enroll in a liberal arts course in the state college near their hometown. Ramon has not really thought about the issue much himself, and he will most likely follow their advice. James Marcia would classify Ramons identity status as:
A.
identity diffusion.

B.
identity foreclosure.

C.
identity moratorium.

D.
identity achievement.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

27.
Identity _____ is the status of individuals who have undergone a crisis and made a commitment.

A.
diffusion

B.
foreclosure

C.
moratorium

D.
achievement

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

28.
Nancy was torn in her decision to major in music or take up an undergraduate program in engineering. She finally chose the latter, with a minor in music. Identify Nancys status of identity.

A.
Identity diffusion

B.
Identity foreclosure

C.
Identity moratorium

D.
Identity achievement

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

29.
Which of the following is the identity status where crisis and commitment are both absent?

A.
Identity diffusion

B.
Identity foreclosure

C.
Identity moratorium

D.
Identity achievement

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

30.
Which of the following is the identity status where a crisis is present but commitment is absent?

A.
Identity diffusion

B.
Identity foreclosure

C.
Identity moratorium

D.
Identity achievement

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

31.
Which of the following is the identity status where a crisis is absent but a commitment is present?

A.
Identity achievement

B.
Identity foreclosure

C.
Identity moratorium

D.
Identity diffusion

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

32.
Which of the following is an identity status where crisis and commitment are both present?

A.
Identity achievement

B.
Identity foreclosure

C.
Identity moratorium

D.
Identity diffusion

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Marcias Identity Statuses

33.
A recent meta-analysis of 124 studies by Jane Kroger and her colleagues revealed that during adolescence and emerging adulthood, identity _____ status rose steadily to age 19 and then declined.

A.
achievement

B.
foreclosure

C.
diffusion

D.
moratorium

APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Emerging Adulthood and Beyond

34.
A recent meta-analysis of 124 studies by Jane Kroger and her colleagues revealed that identity _____ rose across late adolescence and emerging adulthood.

A.
moratorium

B.
foreclosure

C.
achievement

D.
diffusion

APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Emerging Adulthood and Beyond

35.
A recent meta-analysis of 124 studies by Jane Kroger and her colleagues found that a large portion of individuals were _____ by the time they reached their twenties.

A.
not identity diffused

B.
not identity achieved

C.
identity confused

D.
identity achieved

APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Emerging Adulthood and Beyond

36.
A consensus is developing that the key changes in identity are more likely to take place at _____.

A.
18 to 25 years of age

B.
15 to 17 years of age

C.
12 to 15 years of age

D.
9 to 12 years of age

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Emerging Adulthood and Beyond

37.
Which of the following statements about the timing of identity development is TRUE?

A.
In their last couple years in college, individuals are more likely to be categorized as identity diffused.

B.
College upperclassmen are more likely to be identity achieved than college freshmen or high school students.

C.
By the time adolescents reach college, they would have committed to their religious and political identities.

D.
A higher percentage of high school students are identity achieved when compared to college upperclassmen.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Emerging Adulthood and Beyond

38.
Ethnic _____ is the enduring aspect of the self that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group, along with the attitudes and feelings related to that membership.

A.
gloss

B.
awareness

C.
identity

D.
pride

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Cultural and Ethnic Identity

39.
Most adolescents from ethnic minority groups develop a _____ identity.

A.
bicultural

B.
additive

C.
multiplicative

D.
mono-cultural

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Cultural and Ethnic Identity

40.
Irene, age 16, is a first-generation immigrant whose parents came to the United States from Ukraine when she was just a baby. Irene enjoys many of the same things that her American friends do, but respects her cultures traditions and speaks to her parents in their native language. Irene seems to have formed a _____ identity.

A.
additive

B.
bicultural

C.
multiplicative

D.
culturally confused

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Cultural and Ethnic Identity

41.
In a recent study of Navajo adolescents, positive ethnic heritage was linked to all of the following EXCEPT:

A.
narcissism.

B.
higher self-esteem.

C.
school connectedness.

D.
social functioning.

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Cultural and Ethnic Identity

42.
According to a developmental study, religiousness in adolescents or young adults declined from _____ onward.

A.
18 years of age

B.
20 years of age

C.
14 years of age

D.
24 years of age

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Religion and Identity Development

43.
Which of the following statements about religion and adolescents has research shown to be true?

A.
There has been a resurgence of religious interest among adolescents.

B.
A majority of American college freshmen reported that they had never attended religious services during their senior year of high school.

C.
Generally, 18-year-olds are more religious than 14-year-olds in the U.S.

D.
Adolescent girls are more religious than are adolescent boys.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Religion and Identity Development

44.
Analysis of the World Values Survey of 18- to 24-year-olds in less developed and more developed countries revealed that emerging adults in _____.

A.
more developed countries were more likely to be religious

B.
less developed countries were more likely to be religious

C.
both less developed and more developed countries were equally highly religious

D.
both less developed and more developed countries were not religious

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Religion and Identity Development

45.
Many of the cognitive changes thought to influence religious development involve:

A.
Piagets cognitive developmental theory.

B.
Eriksons psychosocial theory.

C.
Freuds psychoanalytic theory.

D.
Lorenzs ethological theory.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Religion and Cognitive Development

46.
Religious adolescents are more likely than nonreligious adolescents to:

A.
be depressed.

B.
drink alcohol.

C.
engage in community service.

D.
engage in problem behaviors.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.1: Discuss identity formation in adolescence.
Topic: Positive Role of Religion

47.
Stella has involved, responsive parents who support her in her choices as long as she adheres to certain basic rules that they have set for her, like keeping up her grades and coming home in time for dinner with her family on weeknights. Thus, Stellas relationship with her parents is characterized by a high level of trust, acceptance, and quality. Research indicates that Stella would:

A.
be unwilling voluntarily disclose less about her activities to her parents.

B.
be concerned about parental disapproval and thus more likely to lie to her parents.

C.
be likely to share information about her whereabouts, friends, and activities.

D.
be likely to experience problems in adolescent adjustment.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parental Monitoring and Information Management

48.
Conflicts arise between parents and adolescents because:

A.
few parents anticipate how strongly their adolescent will push for autonomy and responsibility.

B.
while parents want autonomy, adolescents want a connection.

C.
parents want their adolescents to push the boundaries, while adolescents want to maintain the status quo.

D.
parents want to relinquish all of their control over their adolescent.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Autonomy and Attachment

49.
Joseph Allen and his colleagues found that adolescents who were securely attached to their parents at 14 years of age were more likely at 21 years of age to report:

A.
feeling uncomfortable in other intimate relationships.

B.
continuing financial dependence on their parents.

C.
relationship competence and fewer problematic behaviors.

D.
conflict in the relationship with their parents.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Autonomy and Attachment

50.
The National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health of more than 12,000 adolescents found that those who _____ had dramatically higher rates of smoking, drinking, using marijuana, getting into fights, and initiating sexual activity.

A.
did not eat dinner with a parent five or more days a week

B.
did not eat dinner with a parent one or two days a week

C.
ate dinner with a parent all seven days of the week

D.
ate dinner with a parent five or more days a week

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Autonomy and Attachment

51.
Reggie, 16, gets into a lot of arguments with his parents. Going by what is generally observed about parent-adolescent conflict, it is likely that most of the arguments center around:

A.
whether Reggie uses drugs.

B.
Reggies delinquent behavior.

C.
Reggies alcoholism.

D.
everyday events of family life.

APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

52.
Conflict with parents often escalates during:

A.
early adolescence.

B.
middle adolescence.

C.
late adolescence.

D.
the college years.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

53.
The old model of parent-adolescent relationships suggested that:

A.
routine negotiations and minor disputes can serve the developmental function of helping adolescents make the transition from childhood dependency to adult independence.

B.
in most families parent-adolescent conflict is moderate rather than severe.

C.
parents serve as important attachment figures and support systems, while adolescents explore a wider and more complex social world.

D.
as adolescents mature they detach themselves from parents and move into a world of autonomy apart from parents.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

54.
According to the old model of parent-adolescent relationships, _____.

A.
parent-adolescent conflict is intense and stressful throughout adolescence

B.
parent-adolescent conflict is moderate rather than severe in most families

C.
parents serve as important support systems, while adolescents explore a wider, more complex social world

D.
the everyday negotiations and minor disputes are normal

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

55.
The new model of parent-adolescent relationships emphasizes that:

A.
parents should take an authoritarian approach to controlling the lives of adolescents.

B.
parent-adolescent conflict is intense and stressful throughout adolescence.

C.
in most families parent-adolescent conflict is moderate rather than severe.

D.
even minor parent-adolescent conflicts are not normal and should be avoided as far as possible.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

56.
Which of the following statements does the new model of parent-adolescent relationships emphasize?

A.
Parents serve as important attachment figures and support systems during adolescence.

B.
Parent-adolescent conflict is intense and stressful throughout adolescence.

C.
The everyday conflicts that characterize parent-adolescent relationships have a detrimental effect on adolescent development.

D.
As adolescents mature, they move into a world of autonomy apart from parents.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

57.
Which of the following is a benefit of everyday conflicts that characterize parent-adolescent relationships?

A.
It teaches adolescents that their parents are not perfect.

B.
It helps adolescents become more autonomous.

C.
It helps adolescents accept parental control over their lives.

D.
It teaches parents how to exert more control over the lives of adolescents.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

58.
Which of the following has been found to be associated with prolonged, intense parent-adolescent conflict?

A.
Movement out of the home

B.
High level of academic excellence

C.
High intelligence quotient

D.
Regular attendance at religious services

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.2: Describe changes that take place in adolescents relationships with their parents.
Topic: Parent-Adolescent Conflict

59.
As opposed to the trend in young children, teenagers typically prefer to have:

A.
a large group of friends, some of whom are especially intimate.

B.
several friends, but only one best friend.

C.
friends that are all of the same sex.

D.
a smaller number of friendships that are more intense and intimate.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Friendship

60.
_____, the most influential theorist to discuss the importance of adolescent friendships, proposed that friends become increasingly important in meeting social needs in adolescence.

A.
Erik Erikson

B.
Harry Stack Sullivan

C.
Jean Piaget

D.
James Marcia

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Friendship

61.
Sullivan argued that the need for _____ intensifies during early adolescence, motivating teenagers to seek out close friends.

A.
respect

B.
compatibility

C.
intimacy

D.
similarity

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Friendship

62.
If adolescents fail to develop close friendships, they:

A.
experience loneliness and a reduced sense of self-worth.

B.
develop healthier self-esteem as adults than their peers.

C.
engage in less delinquent behavior.

D.
become more social as they grow older.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Friendship

63.
Manfred is worried about his 16-year-old son hanging around much older people in the neighborhood. Research suggests that Manfred:

A.
should not be concerned, since having older friends has been linked to positive school achievement.

B.
should encourage the behavior since his older friends will help him make a successful transition to adulthood.

C.
has reason to worry, since his son is more likely to engage in delinquent behavior.

D.
should not worry, because his son will soon tire of his older friends and turn to friends his own age.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Friendship

64.
At which grade level does conformity to peers peak?

A.
Sixth and seventh grades

B.
Eighth and ninth grades

C.
Tenth and eleventh grades

D.
Twelfth grade

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Peer Pressure

65.
Priscilla is in the 8th grade. Her group of friends has recently started shoplifting at departmental stores. According to research into peer relations, what is Priscilla most likely to do in this scenario?

A.
Priscilla will use her moral reasoning to determine if the behavior should be copied or not.

B.
Priscilla will reject the behavior of her peers.

C.
Priscilla will join her friends in the antisocial behavior.

D.
Priscilla will report the behavior to her friends parents.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Peer Pressure

66.
Which of the following is a strategy that adults would recommend to adolescents to help in makeing friends?

A.
Be psychologically aggressive

B.
Wait for the other individual to initiate interaction

C.
Be open to engaging in gossip

D.
Respect yourself and others

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Peer Pressure

67.
_____ are small groups that range from 2 to about 12 individuals and average about 5 or 6 individuals.

A.
Cliques

B.
Crowds

C.
Teams

D.
Squads

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Cliques and Crowds

68.
Which of the following statements about the characteristics of a clique is NOT true?

A.
They can form because adolescents engage in similar activities.

B.
The average number of people in a clique is 8 to 10.

C.
Clique members are usually of the same sex.

D.
Clique members are usually about the same age.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Cliques and Crowds

69.
_____ are larger than cliques and less personal.

A.
Bands

B.
Crowds

C.
Teams

D.
Squads

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Cliques and Crowds

70.
What is the difference between cliques and crowds?

A.
Cliques are more personal than crowds.

B.
Cliques contain more members than crowds.

C.
The formation of crowds is based on friendship, while cliques are based on reputation.

D.
The members of crowds spend a lot of time together, while the members of cliques do not.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Cliques and Crowds

71.
Jocks who are good at sports or druggies who take drugs are examples of _____.

A.
cliques

B.
teams

C.
crowds

D.
squads

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Cliques and Crowds

72.
The initial stage of development of romantic relationships in adolescence is characterized by entry into romantic attractions and affiliations at about _____ years of age.

A.
8 to 9

B.
11 to 13

C.
14 to 16

D.
17 to 19

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating and Romantic Relationships

73.
At approximately the age of _____ years, two types of romantic involvement occur: casual dating and dating in groups.

A.
8 to 9

B.
11 to 13

C.
14 to 16

D.
17 to 19

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating and Romantic Relationships

74.
At _____ years of age, romantic relations are characterized by strong emotional bonds more closely resembling those in adult romantic relationships.

A.
12 to 15

B.
11 to 13

C.
14 to 16

D.
17 to 19

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating and Romantic Relationships

75.
Which of the following is the last stage of development of romantic relationships in adolescence?

A.
Consolidating dyadic romantic bonds

B.
Entry into romantic attractions and affiliations

C.
Dating in groups, reflecting embeddedness in the peer context

D.
Exploring romantic relationships

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating and Romantic Relationships

76.
Early bloomers include:

A.
15 to 20 percent of 14- to 16-year-olds who say that they currently are in a romantic relationship.

B.
10 percent of 17- to 19-year-olds who say that they have had no experience with romantic relationships.

C.
15 to 20 percent of 11- to 13-year-olds who say that they currently are in a romantic relationship.

D.
15 percent of 17- to 19-year-olds who report that they have not engaged in any romantic relationships that lasted more than four months.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating and Romantic Relationships

77.
Late bloomers comprise approximately 10 percent of _____ who say that they have had no experience with romantic relationships.

A.
14- to 16-year-olds

B.
17- to 19-year-olds

C.
12- to 13-year-olds

D.
15- to 16-year-olds

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating and Romantic Relationships

78.
Which of the following statements about dating in gay male and lesbian youth is TRUE?

A.
All sexual minority youth date other-sex peers to disguise their sexual orientation from others.

B.
Despite their orientation, gay and lesbian youth have not had any same-sex sexual experience.

C.
Gay and lesbian youth are not emotionally affected by the breakup of a same-sex relationship.

D.
Disclosure of their sexual orientation to parents is the most stressful problem for gay and lesbian youth.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 3.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating in Gay and Lesbian Youth

79.
A study of tenth-graders revealed that:

A.
the number of romantic experiences reported had no link with levels of social acceptance experienced by adolescents.

B.
having more romantic experience was linked to a higher level of substance use and delinquency.

C.
co-rumination and romantic involvement predicted a decrease in depressive symptoms.

D.
having no experience of romantic relationships is a consistent predictor of depression and deviant behavior.

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.3: Characterize the changes that occur in peer relationships during adolescence.
Topic: Dating and Adjustment

80.
Which of the following statements about adolescent health is true?

A.
More adolescents around the world are dying from acute infections than before.

B.
Many adolescent health-compromising behaviors, especially illicit drug use and unprotected sex, are decreasing in frequency.

C.
The rate of HIV infection in sub-Saharan countries has decreased marginally in recent years.

D.
Fewer adolescents around the world die from malnutrition now than in the past.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

81.
Which of the following statements about the trend in cross-cultural gender differences in sexual expression is true?

A.
Gender differences in sexual expression are minor, especially in Latin America and Southeast Asia.

B.
Gender differences in sexual expression and educational opportunities appear to be narrowing over time.

C.
In India, there are far more restrictions on the sexual activities of men than of women.

D.
In Arab countries, both adolescent males and females encounter the same amount of restriction on sexual activities.

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

82.
Sita is girl who lives in India; Suki is a girl who lives in Japan. They both have two older brothers. According to research, who is most likely to have better access to education?

A.
Sita

B.
Suki

C.
They both have a poor chance at receiving an education.

D.
They both have an equally good chance at receiving an education.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

83.
Adolescents in the U.S. spend about _____ percent as much time on schoolwork as their East Asian counterparts do.

A.
80

B.
20

C.
60

D.
40

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

84.
The amount of daily discretionary time that American adolescents have is _____ what adolescents have in East Asia.

A.
significantly less than

B.
significantly more than

C.
equal to

D.
declining compared with

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

85. In sum, adolescents lives are characterized by a combination of:
A.
drug and alcohol use.

B.
rebellion and delinquency.

C.
storm and stress.

D.
change and tradition.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

86.
A _____ is a ceremony or ritual that marks an individuals transition from one status to another, and mostly focuses on the transition to adult status.

A.
rite of passage

B.
litmus test

C.
march of time

D.
communion

APA LO: 1.1
APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

87.
Most rites of passage focus on:

A.
severing ties with the adolescents native culture.

B.
the initiation into the nuclear family.

C.
the reaffirmation of the adolescents connection with immediate family.

D.
the transition to adult status.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

88.
Rites of passage:

A.
are nonexistent in the U.S.

B.
are on the increase in several African countries that are influenced by Western culture.

C.
provide a forceful and discontinuous entry into the adult world.

D.
to adulthood usually involve a reaffirmation of the individuals connection with immediate family.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

89.
The event that comes closest to being a culture-wide rite of passage in the United States is:

A.
hazing.

B.
getting a drivers license.

C.
a high school graduation ceremony.

D.
joining a college fraternity.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

90.
Which of the following distinguishes the locations where rites of passage are prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa?

A.
High socioeconomic status

B.
Acceptance of Western culture

C.
Rigid social structure

D.
Low access to formal education

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Cross-Cultural Comparisons

91.
Identify the dual struggle often faced by immigrants to the U.S.

A.
To acculturate and take on a new identity

B.
To work and take care of their children

C.
To preserve their culture and resist change

D.
To preserve identity and to acculturate

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Ethnicity

92.
The double disadvantage suffered by ethnic minority adolescents consists of:

A.
the lack of clear rites of passage.

B.
diversity and difference.

C.
prejudice and poverty.

D.
hostility and assimilation.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Ethnicity

93.
The 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation survey, which included more than 2,000 8- to 18-year-olds, documented that adolescent media use has _____ in the last decade.

A.
decreased significantly

B.
declined slightly

C.
increased dramatically

D.
stayed the same

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

94.
According to the 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation survey, which of the following groups uses media for the longest time during a day?

A.
11- to 14-year-olds

B.
15- to 18-year-olds

C.
8- to 11-year-olds

D.
4- to 7-year-olds

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

95.
The largest increases in media use in early adolescence are for:

A.
electronic books and DVDs.

B.
listening to music on MP3 players.

C.
chatting with friends on cell phones.

D.
TV and video games.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

96.
Based on the 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation survey, adding up the daily media use figures to obtain weekly media use leads to the staggering levels of more than _____ hours a week of media use by 11- to 14-year-olds.

A.
60

B.
20

C.
40

D.
100

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

97.
Based on the 2009 Kaiser Family Foundation survey, adding up the daily media use figures to obtain weekly media use leads to almost _____ hours a week by 15- to 18-year-olds.

A.
70

B.
60

C.
56

D.
84

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

98.
Dylan does his homework in front of the television while listening to music on his iPod and also simultaneously text messaging his friends. This is indicative of a major trend in the use of technology known as:

A.
media multitasking.

B.
simulcasting.

C.
surfing.

D.
media-conferencing.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

99.
A recent study of 8- to 12-year-old girls found that a higher level of media multitasking was linked to:

A.
early identity achievement.

B.
secure attachment to parents.

C.
feeling more normal.

D.
negative social well-being.

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

100.
According to a recent study of 8- to 12-year-old girls, a higher level of face-to-face communication was associated with:

A.
greater social success.

B.
identity confusion.

C.
having fewer friends.

D.
delinquent behavior.

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

101.
Which of the following is mainly driving the increased media use by adolescents?

A.
Newspapers

B.
Radio

C.
Cell phones

D.
Internet cafs

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

102.
Based on the 2009 survey funded by Kaiser Family Foundation, adding up the daily media use figures to obtain weekly media use leads to the staggering levels of more than _____ hours a week of media use by 11- to 14-year-olds.

A.
60

B.
100

C.
10

D.
25

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

103.
The 2009 survey funded by Kaiser Family Foundation found that _____ used media an average of 8 hours and 40 minutes a day.

A.
8- to 11-year-olds

B.
15- to 18-year-olds

C.
5- to 11-year-olds

D.
11- to 14-year-olds

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

104.
According to a 2010 survey, which of the following is the main way that adolescents connect with their friends?

A.
Phone calls

B.
Instant messaging

C.
E-mail

D.
Text messaging

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

105.
According to a national survey in 2012, which of the following is the primary way that most adolescents connect with parents?

A.
Voice mailing

B.
Instant messaging

C.
E-mailing

D.
Text messaging

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.4: Explain how culture influences adolescent development.
Topic: Media Use

106.
One study found that low rates of delinquency from 14 to 23 years of age were associated with a(n) _____ parenting style.

A.
neglectful

B.
indulgent

C.
authoritative

D.
authoritarian

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Causes of Juvenile Delinquency

107.
The number of juvenile court delinquency caseloads in the United States has:

A.
increased dramatically since 1996.

B.
increased slightly since 1960.

C.
decreased dramatically since 1996.

D.
decreased slightly since 1996.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Juvenile Delinquency

108.
Which of the following statements about the trends in juvenile delinquency in the U.S. is NOT true?

A.
About half of the delinquency caseloads in 2005 involved females.

B.
Delinquency rates among minority groups are higher than average.

C.
Delinquency rates among lower-socioeconomic-status youth are especially high.

D.
Males are more likely to engage in delinquency than are females.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Juvenile Delinquency

109.
Early-onset antisocial behavior is defined as antisocial behavior before age _____.

A.
13

B.
17

C.
15

D.
11

APA LO: 1.1
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Juvenile Delinquency

110.
Early-onset antisocial behavior:

A.
is associated with less negative developmental outcomes than late-onset antisocial behavior.

B.
is not associated with a tendency to persist into emerging adulthood.

C.
is associated with more mental health problems.

D.
is not associated with relationship problems, unlike late-onset antisocial behavior.

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Juvenile Delinquency

111.
William wants to know how he can keep his young son out of trouble. Typically, he should do all of the following EXCEPT:

A.
encourage skilled behavior.

B.
use harsh discipline.

C.
actively monitor his son.

D.
try to keep track of his sons whereabouts.

APA LO: 1.2
APA LO: 1.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Difficulty Level: Hard
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Causes of Juvenile Delinquency

112.
According to a recent meta-analysis, which of the following program types was linked to a reduction in recidivism for juvenile offenders?

A.
Individual treatment

B.
Restorative justice

C.
Family treatment

D.
Case management

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
APA LO: 3.3
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Causes of Juvenile Delinquency

113.
Rates of ever experiencing major depressive disorder range from _____ percent for adolescents.

A.
5 to 10

B.
10 to 15

C.
15 to 20

D.
25 to 30

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Depression

114.
By about age 15, adolescent females have a rate of depression that is _____ that of adolescent males.

A.
twice

B.
half

C.
thrice

D.
the same as

APA LO: 1.2
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Difficulty Level: Easy
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Depression

115.
According to a recent study of more than 17,000 Chinese 11- to 22-year-olds, males in China have a higher rate of depression than females because:

A.
they experience puberty earlier than females.

B.
they have a less positive coping style.

C.
they have a negative self-image.

D.
they face more discrimination than females.

APA LO: 2.1
APA LO: 2.2
APA LO: 2.4
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Difficulty Level: Medium
Learning Objective: 12.5: Describe adjustment problems of adolescents and strategies for intervention and risk reduction.
Topic: Depression

116.
The most effective way to treat adolescent depression is:

A.
through antidepressant medication like Prozac.

B.
not with medication, but

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