Managerial Accounting Creating Value in a Dynamic Business Environment 11Th Ed By Hilton Test Bank

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Managerial Accounting Creating Value in a Dynamic Business Environment 11Th Ed By Hilton Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS
Managerial Accounting Creating Value in a Dynamic Business Environment 11Th Ed By Hilton Test Bank

Chapter 2

Basic Cost Management Concepts Answer Key

 True / False Questions

  1. An important first step in studying managerial accounting is to create a framework for thinking about the various types of costs incurred by organizations and how those costs are actively managed.

TRUE

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-01

Feedback True: Correct! Thinking about various types of costs and how they are actively managed is an important first step.

Feedback False: This is an important first step.

 

  1. Different cost concepts and classifications are used for different purposes.

TRUE

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-01

Feedback True: Correct! Different cost concepts and classifications are used for different purposes.

Feedback False: This is a true statement. 

 

  1. Inventoriable costs are expensed when incurred.

FALSE

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback True: This statement is incorrect.

Feedback False: Correct! Inventoriable costs are not expensed when incurred. 

  1. Another term for product cost is cost of goods sold.

FALSE

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback True: Product cost is not known as cost of goods sold. 

Feedback False: Correct! Product cost is not known as cost of goods sold. 

  1. Finished goods inventory is ordinarily held for sale by a manufacturing company.

TRUE

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-03

Feedback True: Correct! It is true that finished goods inventory is held for sale by a manufacturing company.

Feedback False: It is true that finished goods inventory is held for sale by a manufacturing company.

  1. Selling and administrative costs are always period costs on any type of companys income statement.

TRUE

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-03

Feedback True: Correct! It is true that selling and administrative costs are period costs on any type of companys income statement.

Feedback False: It is true that selling and administrative costs are period costs on any type of companys income statement.

 

  1. There are three standard categories of manufacturing processes.

FALSE

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-04

Feedback True: There are not three standard categories of manufacturing processes.

Feedback False: Correct! There are not three standard categories of manufacturing processes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. A job shop is generally associated with high production volume.

 

FALSE

 

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-04

Feedback True: Job shops are not associated with high production volume.

Feedback False: Correct! Job shops are not associated with high production volume.

 

 

  1. Manufacturing costs are classified into four categories.

FALSE

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback True: Manufacturing costs are not classified into four categories.

Feedback False: Correct! Manufacturing costs are not classified into four categories.

 

  1. Indirect labor is not a component of manufacturing overhead.

FALSE

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback True: Indirect labor is a component of manufacturing overhead.

Feedback False: Correct! Indirect labor is a component of manufacturing overhead.


  1. The following equation Beginning finished goods + cost of goods manufactured ending finished goods is used to calculate cost of goods sold during the period.

TRUE

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback True: Correct! This is the equation used to calculate cost of goods sold during the period.

Feedback False: This is the equation used to calculate cost of goods sold during the period.

 

 

  1. The total cost of direct material, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead transferred from work-in-process inventory to finished-goods inventory is called the cost of goods manufactured.

 

TRUE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback True: Correct! Total cost of direct material, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead that is transferred from WIP to finished goods is called cost of goods manufactured.

Feedback False: This is a true statement.

 

  1. A suitable cost driver for the amount of direct materials used is the number of direct labor hours worked.

FALSE

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-07

Feedback True: A suitable cost driver for material would not be labor.

Feedback False: Correct! This statement is false because a suitable cost driver for material would not be labor.

 

 

 

  1. The higher the correlation between the cost and the cost driver, the more accurate will be the resulting understanding of cost behavior.

 

TRUE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-07

Feedback True: Correct! It is true that higher correlation between cost and cost driver will result in greater understanding of the cost behavior.

Feedback False: A higher correlation between cost and cost driver will result in greater understanding of the cost behavior.

 

 

 

 

  1. As activity changes, total variable cost increases or decreases proportionately with the activity change, but unit variable cost remains the same.

 

TRUE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-08

Feedback True: Correct! It is true that as activity changes, total variable cost will increase or decrease proportionately, but unit variable cost stays the same.

Feedback False: As activity changes, total variable cost will increase or decrease proportionately, but unit variable cost stays the same.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. As the activity level increases, total fixed cost remains constant and unit fixed cost remains the same.

 

FALSE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-08

Feedback True: Total fixed cost and total unit fixed cost will not remain the same with activity level increases.

Feedback False: Correct! Total fixed cost and total unit fixed cost will not remain the same with activity level increases.

 

 

  1. A cost that is not directly traceable to a particular cost object is called an indirect cost.

 

TRUE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-09

Feedback True: Correct! It is true that a cost, which is not directly traceable to a particular cost object, is called an indirect cost.

Feedback False: A cost, which is not directly traceable to a particular cost object, is called an indirect cost.  

 

 

 

  1. Costs that a manager can influence significantly are classified as uncontrollable costs of that manager.

 

FALSE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-09

Feedback True: Costs influenced by managers are not classified as uncontrollable costs.

Feedback False: Correct! Costs influenced by managers are not classified as uncontrollable costs.

 

 

 

  1. Out-of-pocket costs are defined as the benefit that is sacrificed when the choice of one action precludes taking an alternative course of action.

 

FALSE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-10

Feedback True: When an action precludes taking an alternative action, this is not known as out-of-pocket costs.

Feedback False: Correct! When an action precludes taking an alternative action, this is not known as out-of-pocket costs.

 

 

 

  1. Sunk costs are irrelevant to all future decisions.

 

TRUE

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-10

Feedback True: Correct! It is true that sunk costs are irrelevant to all future decisions.

Feedback False: Sunk costs are irrelevant to all future decisions. 

 

 

 

 

 


Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following statements is true?
    A.The word cost has the same meaning in all situations in which it is used.
    B. Cost data, once classified and recorded for a specific application, are appropriate for use in any application.
    C. Different cost concepts and classifications are used for different purposes.
    D. All organizations incur the same types of costs.
    E. Costs incurred in one year are always meaningful in the following year.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-01

Feedback A: Cost has different meanings in different situations.

Feedback B: Cost data from one application may not be appropriate for use in another application.

Feedback C: Correct! It is true that different cost concepts and classifications are used for different purposes.

Feedback D: Not all organizations incur the same types of costs.

Feedback E: Cost incurred in one year may not be meaningful in the following year.


  1. Research and development costs are classified as:
  2. product costs.
    B.period costs.
    C. inventoriable costs.
    D. cost of goods sold.
    E. labor costs.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Research and development costs are not classified as product costs.

Feedback B: Correct! Research and development costs are classified as period costs.

Feedback C: Research and development costs are not classified as inventoriable costs.

Feedback D: Research and development costs are not classified as cost of goods sold.

Feedback E: Research and development costs are not classified as labor costs.

 

 

  1. Product costs are:
    A.expensed when incurred.
    B. inventoried.
    C. treated in the same manner as period costs.
    D. treated in the same manner as advertising costs.
    E. subtracted from cost of goods sold.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Product costs are not expensed when occurred.

Feedback B: Correct! Product costs are inventoried.

Feedback C: Product costs are not treated in the same manner as period costs.

Feedback D: Product costs are not treated in the same manner as advertising costs.

Feedback E: Product costs are not subtracted from cost of goods sold.

 


  1. Which of the following is a product cost?
    A.Circuitry used in producing hard drives.
    B. Monthly advertising in the newspaper.
    C. The salary of the vice president-finance.
    D. Sales commissions.
    E. Research costs for new router development.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Correct! Circuitry used in manufacturing hard drives is a product cost.

Feedback B: Advertising is not a product cost.

Feedback C: The salary of the vice president-finance is not a product cost.

Feedback D: Sales commission is not a product cost.

Feedback E: Research and development cost is not a product cost.


  1. Which of the following would not be classified as a product cost?
    A.Direct materials.
    B. Direct labor.
    C. Indirect materials.
    D. Insurance on a manufacturing plant.
    E. Sales bonuses for meeting quota sales.

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Direct materials are product costs.

Feedback B: Direct labor is a product cost.

Feedback C: Indirect materials are product costs.

Feedback D: Manufacturing plant insurance is a product cost.

Feedback E: Correct! Sales bonuses are not product costs. 


  1. The accounting records of Dixon Company revealed the following costs: direct materials used, $250,000; direct labor, $425,000; manufacturing overhead, $375,000; and selling and administrative expenses, $220,000. Dixons product costs total:
    A.$1,050,000.
    B. $830,000.
    C. $895,000.
    D. $1,270,000.
    E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: A
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Correct! Product costs = Direct materials used + Direct labor + Manufacturing overhead =$250,000 + $425,000 + $375,000 = $1,050,000

Feedback B: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E: There is a correct amount given.


  1. Costs that are expensed when incurred are called:
    A.product costs.
    B. direct costs.
    C. inventoriable costs.
    D. period costs.
    E. indirect costs.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Product costs are not expensed when incurred.

Feedback B: Direct costs are not expensed when incurred.

Feedback C: Inventoriable costs are not expensed when incurred.

Feedback D: Correct! Period costs are expensed when incurred.

Feedback E: Indirect costs are not expensed when incurred.


  1. Which of the following is a period cost?
    A.Direct material.
    B. Advertising expense.
    C. Indirect labor.
    D. Miscellaneous supplies used in production activities.
    E. Factory foreman salary for the motor production line.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Direct material is not a period cost.

Feedback B: Correct! Advertising expense is a period cost.

Feedback C: Indirect labor is not a period cost.

Feedback D: Miscellaneous supplies used in production are not period costs.

Feedback E: Factory foreman salary is not a period cost.

  1. Which of the following is not a period cost?
    A.Legal costs.
    B. Public relations costs.
    C. Sales commissions.
    D. Wages of assembly-line workers.
    E. The salary of a companys chief financial officer (CFO).

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Legal costs are period costs.

Feedback B: Public relations costs are period costs.

Feedback C: Sales commissions are period costs.

Feedback D: Correct! The wages of assembly line workers are not period costs.

Feedback E: The salary of a companys chief financial officer (CFO) is a period cost.


  1. The accounting records of Younkin Corporation revealed the following selected costs: Sales commissions, $65,000; plant supervision, $190,000; and administrative expenses, $185,000. Younkins period costs total:
    A.$250,000.
    B. $440,000.
    C. $375,000.
    D. $255,000.
    E. $185,000.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: Correct! Period costs = Sales commissions + Administrative expenses = $65,000 + $185,000 = $250,000.

Feedback B: This is not the correct amount.

Feedback C: This is not the correct amount.

Feedback D: This is not the correct amount.

Feedback E: This is not the correct amount.


 

  1. Shu Corporation recently computed total product costs of $567,000 and total period costs of $420,000, excluding $35,000 of sales commissions that were overlooked by the companys administrative assistant. On the basis of this information, Shus income statement should reveal operating expenses of:
    A.$35,000.
    B. $420,000.
    C. $455,000.
    D. $567,000.
    E. $602,000.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: This is not the correct amount.

Feedback B: This is not the correct amount.

Feedback C: Correct! Operating expenses = Period costs + Excluded sales commissions = $420,000 + $35,000 = $455,000

Feedback D: This is not the correct amount.

Feedback E: This is not the correct amount.

 


  1. Which of the following would not be a period cost?
  2. Sales salaries.
    B.Sales commissions.
    C. Tamper-proof packaging.
    D. Legal costs.
    E. Accounting costs.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-02

Feedback A: This is a period cost.

Feedback B: This is a period cost.

Feedback C: Correct! Tamper-proof packaging would not be a period cost.

Feedback D: This is a period cost.

Feedback E: This is a period cost.

 

  1. Which of the following entities would most likely have raw materials, work in process, and finished goods?
    A.A petroleum refiner.
  2. A national department store.
    C.A fast food restaurant.
    D. A regional airline.
    E. A state university.

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-03

Feedback A: Correct! A petroleum refiner would be most likely to have these three inventories.

Feedback B: A retail department store is not likely to have these three inventories.

Feedback C: A fast food restaurant is not likely to have these three inventories.

Feedback D: A regional  airline is not likely to have these three inventories.

Feedback E: A state university or education service provider is not likely to have these three inventories.


  1. Selling and administrative expenses would likely appear on the balance sheet of:
    A.A clothing store.
    B. A computer manufacturer.
    C. A television network.
    D. All of these firms.
    E. None of these firms.

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-03

Feedback A: These expenses would not be found on the balance sheet.

Feedback B: These expenses would not be found on the balance sheet.

Feedback C: These expenses would not be found on the balance sheet.

Feedback D: These expenses would not be found on the balance sheet.

Feedback E: Correct! Expenses are found on the income statement, not the balance sheet.


  1. Which of the following inventories would a discount retailer report as an asset?
    A.Raw materials.
    B. Work in process.
    C. Finished goods.
    D. Merchandise inventory.
    E. All of the answers are correct.

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-03

Feedback A: Retailers would not have raw materials.

Feedback B: Retailers would not have work in process.

Feedback C: Retailers would not produce finished goods.

Feedback D: Correct! Retailers purchase their merchandise inventories from wholesalers, who get the inventory from manufacturers.

Feedback E: Not all of these inventories would be found in the assets of a retailer.


  1. Which of the following inventories would a company ordinarily hold for sale?
    A.Raw materials.
    B. Work in process.
    C. Finished goods.
    D. Raw materials and finished goods.
    E. Work in process and finished goods.

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Reporting
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-03

Feedback A: Raw materials are typically not held for sale.

Feedback B: Work in Process is typically not held for sale.

Feedback C: Correct! Inventories held for sale by manufacturers are finished goods.

Feedback D: Not both of these are held for sale.

Feedback E: Not both of these are held for sale.


 

 

  1. Which of the four items listed below is not a type of production process?
    A.Batch.
    B. Job Shop.
    C. Continuous Flow.
    D. Job Flow.
  2. Assembly.

    AACSB: Reflective Thinking
    AICPA BB: Industry
    AICPA: FN Decision Making
    Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-04

Feedback A: Batch is a type of production process.

Feedback B: Job shop is a type of production process.

Feedback C:Continuous flow is a type of production process.

Feedback D: Correct! Job flow is not a type of production process.

Feedback E: Assembly is a type of production process.


 

  1. Which type of production process is ideal for a low production volume and one-of-a-kind products?
    A. Batch.
    B. Continuous Flow.
    C. Job Shop.
    D.Assembly.
  2. Direct assembly.

    AACSB: Reflective Thinking
    AICPA BB: Industry
    AICPA: FN Decision Making
    Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-04

Feedback A: A batch process is not ideal for one-of-a-kind products.  

Feedback B: A continuous flow process is not ideal for one-of-a-kind products.  

Feedback C: Correct! One-of-a-kind products are ideally made in a job shop process.

Feedback D: An assembly process is not ideal for one-of-a-kind products.  

Feedback E: A direct assembly process is not ideal for one-of-a-kind products.  


  1. Which type of production process is likely used for custom yachts built by Hargrave?
  2. Batch.
    B. Continuous Flow.
    C. Job Shop.
    D.Assembly.
    E. Direct assembly.

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA: FN Decision Making
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-04

Feedback A: A batch process would not be used for custom products.

Feedback B: Continuous flow would not be used for custom products.

Feedback C: Correct! Custom yachts are most likely produced by a job shop process.

Feedback D: Assembly process would not be used for custom products.

Feedback E: Direct assembly process would not be used for custom products.

  1. Which type of production process is likely used by a paint manufacturer to produce paint?
  2. Batch.
    B. Continuous Flow.
    C. Job Shop.
    D.Assembly.
    E. Direct assembly.

AACSB: Reflective Thinking
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA: FN Decision Making
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-04

Feedback A: A batch process would not be used to make paint.

Feedback B: Correct! Continuous flow would likely be used to make paint.

Feedback C: Job shop would not be used to make paint.

Feedback D: Assembly process would not be used to make paint.

Feedback E: Direct assembly process would not be used to make paint.

 

  1. Which of the following would not be classified as direct materials by a company that makes automobiles?
    A.Wheel lubricant.
    B. Tires.
    C. Interior leather.
    D. CD player.
    E. Sheet metal used in the automobiles body.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: N
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Correct! Wheel lubricant would not be classified as direct materials, but instead as indirect materials.

Feedback B: Tires would be a direct material.

Feedback C: Interior leather would be a direct material.

Feedback D: A CD player would be a direct material.

Feedback E: Sheet metal for the body of the auto would be direct material.


  1. Which of the following employees of a commercial printer/publisher would be classified as direct labor?
    A.Book binder.
    B. Plant security guard.
    C. Sales representative.
    D. Plant supervisor.
    E. Payroll supervisor.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Correct! A book binder would be classified as direct labor.

Feedback B: Plant security would likely be classified as indirect labor.

Feedback C: Sales representative would be classified as an indirect cost for selling and administration purposes.

Feedback D: A plant supervisor would likely be classified as indirect labor.

Feedback E: A payroll supervisor would be classified as indirect labor and administrative costs.


  1. Guaranteed Appliance Co. produces washers and dryers in an assembly-line process. Labor costs incurred during a recent period were: corporate executives, $500,000; assembly-line workers, $180,000; security guards, $45,000; and plant supervisor, $110,000. The total of Guaranteeds direct labor cost was:
    A.$110,000.
    B. $180,000.
    C. $155,000.
    D. $235,000.
    E. $735,000.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: This amount is incorrect because it is not direct labor cost.

Feedback B: Correct!  $180,000; the only direct labor is that associated with the actual production on the assembly line.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect because it is not direct labor cost.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect because it is not all direct labor cost.

Feedback E: This amount is incorrect because it is not all direct labor cost.

 


  1. Which of the following employees would not be classified as indirect labor?
    A.Plant Custodian.
    B. Salesperson.
    C. An employee that packs products for shipment.
    D. Plant security guard.
    E. A line employee that produces parts for chairs using a saw and template.

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: A plant custodian would be indirect labor.

Feedback B: A sales person would be indirect labor for selling and administration purposes

Feedback C: This employee is not making the product, so this is an indirect cost.

Feedback D: This is an indirect cost since the plant security guard is not involved in making the product.

Feedback E: Correct! This would be direct labor since this employee is involved in making the product.  


  1. Depreciation of factory equipment would be classified as:
    A.operating cost.
    B. other cost.
    C. manufacturing overhead.
    D. period cost.
    E. administrative cost.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Depreciation is not classified as operating cost.

Feedback B: Depreciation is not classified as other cost.

Feedback C: Correct! Depreciation is classified as manufacturing overhead.

Feedback D: Depreciation is not classified as a period cost.

Feedback E: Depreciation is not classified as administrative cost.


  1. Which of the following costs is not a component of manufacturing overhead?
    A.Indirect materials.
    B. Factory utilities.
    C. Factory equipment.
    D. Indirect labor.
    E. Property taxes on the manufacturing plant.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Indirect materials are manufacturing overhead.

Feedback B: Factory utilities are manufacturing overhead.

Feedback C: Correct! Factory equipment is not a component of manufacturing overhead.

Feedback D: Indirect labor is manufacturing overhead.

Feedback E: Property taxes on the manufacturing plant are manufacturing overhead.


 

  1. The accounting records of Comacho Company revealed the following costs, among others:
Factory insurance $  32,000
Raw material used 256,000
Customer entertainment 15,000
Indirect labor 45,000
Depreciation on salespersons cars 22,000
Production equipment rental costs 72,000

Costs that would be considered in the calculation of manufacturing overhead total:
A. $149,000.
B. $171,000.
C. $186,000.
D. $442,000.
E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Correct! Manufacturing Overhead Costs = Factory insurance + Indirect labor + Production equipment rental costs = $32,000 + $45,000 + $72,000 = $149,000

Feedback B: This amount includes more than just overhead.

Feedback C: This amount includes more than just overhead.

Feedback D: This amount includes more than just overhead.

Feedback E: Try again! There is a correct answer listed.


  1. Which of the following statements is (are) correct?
    A.Overtime premiums should be treated as a component of manufacturing overhead.
    B. Overtime premiums should be treated as a component of direct labor.
    C. Idle time should be treated as a component of direct labor.
    D. Idle time should be accounted for as a special type of loss.
    E. Overtime premiums should be treated as a component of direct labor and idle time should be treated as a component of direct labor.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Correct! Overtime premiums should be treated as a component of manufacturing overhead.

Feedback B: Overtime premiums are not direct labor.

Feedback C: Idle time is not direct labor.

Feedback D: Idle time is not accounted for as a special type of loss.

Feedback E: This statement is incorrect because neither are direct labor costs. 


  1. Conversion costs are:
    A.direct material, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.
    B. direct material and direct labor.
    C. direct labor and manufacturing overhead.
    D. prime costs.
    E. period costs.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: These three costs do not equal conversion costs.

Feedback B: Direct material and direct labor do not equal conversion costs.

Feedback C: Correct! Direct labor and manufacturing overhead are used to convert materials and are therefore called conversion costs.

Feedback D: Prime costs are different than conversion costs.

Feedback E: Period costs do not refer to costs used to produce products and therefore are not conversion costs.


  1. Prime costs are comprised of:
    A.direct materials and manufacturing overhead.
    B. direct labor and manufacturing overhead.
    C. direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.
    D. direct materials and direct labor.
    E. direct materials and indirect materials.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Prime costs do not include manufacturing overhead.

Feedback B: Prime costs do not include manufacturing overhead.

Feedback C: Prime costs do not include manufacturing overhead.

Feedback D: Correct! Prime costs are composed of direct materials and direct labor.

Feedback E: Prime costs do not include indirect materials.


  1. The costs of direct materials are classified as:
  Conversion cost Manufacturing cost Prime cost
A. Yes Yes Yes
B. No No No
C. No Yes Yes
D. Yes No No
E. No Yes No

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: This is incorrect regarding the classification of direct material costs.

Feedback B: This is incorrect regarding the classification of direct material costs.

Feedback C: Correct! Direct materials are not included in conversion costs but are included in manufacturing and prime costs.

Feedback D: This is incorrect regarding the classification of direct material costs.

Feedback E: This is incorrect regarding the classification of direct material costs.

 

 

  1. What would the cost of fire insurance for a manufacturing plant generally be categorized as?
  2. Prime cost.
    B.Direct material cost.
    C. Period cost.
    D. Direct labor cost.
  3. Product cost.

 

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Remember

Difficulty: 1 Easy

Learning Objective: 02-05

Feedback A: Fire insurance costs would not be a prime cost.

Feedback B: Fire insurance costs would not be direct material cost.

Feedback C: Fire insurance costs would not be period costs.

Feedback D: Fire insurance costs would not be direct labor costs.

Feedback E: Correct! Fire insurance costs would be product costs since they are associated with the manufacturing plant.

 

 

  1. How should a company that manufactures automobiles classify its partially completed vehicles?
  2. Supplies.
    B.Raw materials inventory.
    C. Finished goods inventory.
    D. Cost of goods manufactured.
  3. Work-in-process inventory.

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Partially complete vehicles would not be considered supplies.

Feedback B: Partially complete vehicles would not be considered raw materials inventory.

Feedback C: Partially complete vehicles would not be considered finished goods inventory.

Feedback D: Partially complete vehicles would not be considered cost of goods manufactured.

Feedback E: Correct! Partially complete vehicles would be considered work-in-process inventory.

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true?
    A.Product costs affect only the balance sheet.
    B. Product costs affect only the income statement.
    C. Period costs affect only the balance sheet.
    D. Neither product costs nor period costs affect the Statement of Retained Earnings. This can also be a true statement if the period costs were prepaid (i.e., prepaid advertising, depreciation).
    E. Product costs eventually affect both the balance sheet and the income statement.

 

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Product costs affect more than just the balance sheet.

Feedback B: Product costs affect more than just the income statement.

Feedback C: Period costs do not affect only the balance sheet.

Feedback D: These are not true statements.

Feedback E: Correct! Product costs eventually affect both the balance sheet and the income statement.


  1. In a manufacturing company, the cost of goods completed during the period would include which of the following elements?
    A.Raw materials used.
    B. Beginning finished goods inventory.
    C. Marketing costs.
    D. Depreciation of delivery trucks.
    E. All of the answers are correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Correct! Cost of goods completed during the period would include raw materials used.

Feedback B: Beginning finished goods inventory are not included in costs of goods completed during the period.

Feedback C: Marketing costs are not included in costs of goods completed during the period.

Feedback D: Depreciation of delivery trucks is not included in costs of goods completed during the period.

Feedback E: Not all of the answers are correct.


  1. Which of the following equations is used to calculate cost of goods sold during the period?
    A.Beginning finished goods + cost of goods manufactured + ending finished goods.
    B. Beginning finished goods ending finished goods.
    C. Beginning finished goods + cost of goods manufactured.
    D. Beginning finished goods + cost of goods manufactured ending finished goods.
    E. Beginning finished goods + ending finished goods cost of goods manufactured.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: This is not the correct equation to calculate cost of goods sold during the period.

Feedback B: This is not the correct equation to calculate cost of goods sold during the period.

Feedback C: This is not the correct equation to calculate cost of goods sold during the period.

Feedback D: Correct! The equation to calculate cost of goods sold during the period is: Beginning finished goods + cost of goods manufactured ending finished goods.

Feedback E: This is not the correct equation to calculate cost of goods sold during the period.


  1. Work-in-process inventory is composed of:
    A.direct material and direct labor.
    B. direct labor and manufacturing overhead.
    C. direct material and manufacturing overhead.
    D. direct material, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.
    E. direct material only.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Understand

Difficulty: 2 Medium

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Work-in process is composed of more than direct material and direct labor.

Feedback B: Work-in-process is composed of more than direct labor and manufacturing overhead.

Feedback C: Work-in-process is composed of more than direct material and manufacturing overhead.

Feedback D: Correct!  Direct material, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead make up work-in-process inventory.

Feedback E: Work-in-process inventory is more than just direct material.


  1. Harrison Industries began July with a finished-goods inventory of $48,000. The finished-goods inventory at the end of July was $56,000 and the cost of goods sold during the month was $125,000. The cost of goods manufactured during July was:
    A.$104,000.
    B. $125,000.
    C. $117,000.
    D. $133,000.
    E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Industry
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: This is not the correct amount for cost of goods manufactured.

Feedback B: This is not the correct amount for cost of goods manufactured.

Feedback C: This is not the correct amount for cost of goods manufactured.

Feedback D: Correct! Cost of goods manufactured in July = (Ending finished goods Beginning finished goods)+ Cost of goods sold ($56,000 48,000) + $125,000 = $133,000.

Feedback E: This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.


  1. Texas Plating Company reported a cost of goods manufactured of $520,000, with the firms year-end balance sheet revealing work in process and finished goods of $70,000 and $134,000, respectively. If supplemental information disclosed raw materials used in production of $80,000, direct labor of $140,000, and manufacturing overhead of $240,000, the companys beginning work in process must have been:
    A.$130,000.
    B. $10,000.
    C. $66,000.
    D. $390,000.
    E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Correct!  

Ending Work-in-Process + Cost of goods manufactured Raw materials Direct labor Manufacturing Overhead = Beginning Work-in-Process

 $70,000 + 520,000 80,000 140,000 240,000 = $130,000.

Feedback B: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E: This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.

 


  1. The accounting records of Falcon Company revealed the following information:
Raw materials used $   60,000
Direct labor 125,000
Manufacturing overhead 360,000
Work-in-process inventory, 1/1 50,000
Finished-goods inventory, 1/1 189,000
Work-in-process inventory, 12/31 76,000
Finished-goods inventory, 12/31 140,000

 

Falcons cost of goods manufactured is:
A. $519,000.
B. $522,000.
C. $568,000.
D. $571,000.
E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Correct! Cost of goods manufactured = [Raw materials + Direct labor + Manufacturing Overhead] Change in WIP = [$60,000 + $125,000 + $360,000] ($76,000 $50,000) = $519,000

Feedback B: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E:This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.

 


 

  1. The accounting records of Stingray Company revealed the following information:
Total manufacturing costs $530,000
Work-in-process inventory, 1/1 56,000
Finished-goods inventory, 1/1 146,000
Work-in-process inventory, 12/31 78,000
Finished-goods inventory, 12/31 123,000

Stingrays cost of goods sold is:
A. $508,000.
B. $529,000.
C. $531,000.
D. $553,000.
E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback B: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback C: Correct! Cost of Goods sold = Total manufacturing costs (Change in WIP) + (Change in Finished Goods) = $530,000 ($78,000 $56,000) + ($146,000 $123,000) = $531,000

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E: This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.

 


 

 

  1. The accounting records of Upton Company revealed the following information:
Cost of goods manufactured $754,000
Work-in-process inventory, 1/1 58,000
Finished-goods inventory, 1/1 125,000
Work-in-process inventory, 12/31 49,000
Finished-goods inventory, 12/31 158,000

Uptons cost of goods sold is:
A. $721,000.
B. $730,000.
C. $778,000.
D. $787,000.
E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Correct! Cost of Goods Sold = Cost of goods manufactured change in Finished Goods = $754,000 ($158,000 $125,000) = $721,000

Feedback B: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E: This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.

 


  1. For the year just ended, Porter Corporations manufacturing costs (raw materials used, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead) totaled $1,500,000. Beginning and ending work-in-process inventories were $60,000 and $90,000, respectively. Porters balance sheet also revealed respective beginning and ending finished-goods inventories of $250,000 and $180,000. On the basis of this information, how much would the company report as cost of goods manufactured (CGM) and cost of goods sold (CGS)?
    A.CGM, $1,430,000; CGS, $1,460,000.
    B. CGM, $1,470,000; CGS, $1,540,000.
    C. CGM, $1,530,000; CGS, $1,460,000.
    D. CGM, $1,570,000; CGS, $1,540,000.
    E. Some other amounts.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback B: Correct! Cost of Goods Manufactured = Product cost during year change in WIP = $1,500,000 ($90,000 $60,000) = $1,470,000; Cost of goods sold = Product costs for year change in WIP + Change in Finished goods = [$1,500,000 ($90,000 $60,000)] + ($250,000 $180,000) = $1,540,000.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E: This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.

 

 

  1. Rainier Industries has Raw materials inventory on January 1, 208 of $32,500 and Raw materials inventory on December 31, 208 of $26,700. If purchases of raw materials were $135,000 during the year, what was the amount of raw materials used during the year?
    A.$129,200.
    B. $140,800.
    C. $135,000.
    D. $146,600.
    E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback B: Correct! Raw materials used during the year = Purchased raw materials + (change in Raw material balances) = $135,000 + ($32,500 $26,700) = $140,800.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E: This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.

 

  1. Rainier Industries has Raw materials inventory on January 1, 208 of $32,500 and Raw materials inventory on December 31, 208 of $26,700. If raw materials used during the year were $135,000 what was the amount of raw materials purchased during the year?
    A.$129,200.
    B. $140,800.
    C. $135,000.
    D. $146,600.
    E. None of the answers is correct.

AACSB: Analytic
AICPA BB: Critical Thinking
AICPA FN: Measurement
Blooms: Apply

Difficulty: 3 Hard

Learning Objective: 02-06

Feedback A: Correct! Raw materials purchased = Raw materials used (change in Raw material balances) = $135,000 ($32,500 $26,700) = $129,200.

Feedback B: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback C: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback D: This amount is incorrect.

Feedback E: This answer is incorrect, because there is a correct numerical answer listed.

 


  1. Peyton Manufacturing has the following data:

Work-in-process inventory, Jan. 1, 208         

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