Manual Of Structural Kinesiology 19th Edition Test Bank

  • Manual Of Structural Kinesiology 19th Edition Test Bank
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Manual Of Structural Kinesiology 19th Edition Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS

Manual Of Structural Kinesiology 19th Edition Test Bank

Chapter 02

Neuromuscular Fundamentals

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. The shape and arrangement of muscle fibers affect the muscles ability to relax.
    FALSE

 

  1. Eccentric muscle actions result from isometric muscle contractions.
    FALSE

 

  1. Each muscle in the human body may be innervated by a single nerve or multiple nerves.
    TRUE

 

  1. Fusiform muscle fiber arrangement results in a circular pattern.
    FALSE

 

  1. The synergist muscle of an activity is considered to be the primary mover.
    FALSE

 

  1. Isokinetic muscle contractions involve a dynamic movement wherein the speed of movement is variable.
    FALSE

 

  1. There are two major types of fiber arrangements which are parallel and pennate.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. Contractility is the ability of muscle to contract and develop tension or internal force in the same direction as a resistive force when stimulated.
    FALSE

 

  1. The term intrinsic usually pertains to muscles within or belonging solely to the body part upon which they act.
    TRUE

 

  1. The term action refers to a specific movement of a joint that occurs as a result from a concentric muscle contraction.
    TRUE

 

  1. It is not possible for a muscle to cause more than one action in an associated joint.
    FALSE

 

  1. The term innervation is used to describe a segment of nervous system and is defined as being responsible for providing a stimulus to muscle fibers within a specific muscle or portion of a muscle.
    TRUE

 

  1. Skeletal muscles are responsible for movement of the body as a whole and movement within each of the joints of the body.
    TRUE

 

  1. The term extensibility refers to the ability of a muscle to return to its original length following stretching.
    FALSE

 

 

  1. All muscle contractions are classified as either isometric or isotonic.
    TRUE

 

  1. Isotonic contractions are described as either concentric or eccentric on basis of whether shortening or lengthening of the muscle occurs.
    TRUE

 

  1. Joint movement may occur without any muscle contraction.
    TRUE

 

  1. Eccentric muscle contractions are referred to as muscle actions instead of a contraction since the muscle is shortening as opposed to lengthening.
    FALSE

 

  1. The term isokinetics describes a type of dynamic exercise that uses concentric and/or eccentric muscle contractions.
    TRUE

 

  1. Two different muscles may contract simultaneously at a joint and cause a motion that neither would cause if contracting alone.
    TRUE

 

  1. Antagonist muscles are known as primary or prime movers or muscles most involved in a joint action.
    FALSE

 

 

  1. When antagonist muscles contract concentrically they perform the opposite joint motion of the agonist muscle.
    TRUE

 

  1. The conscious awareness of the position and movement of the body in space is kinesthesis.
    TRUE

 

  1. The more sudden the activation of a myotatic reflex, the less significant the reflexive contraction.
    FALSE

 

  1. Generally, as a muscle gets longer, its ability to exert force increases.
    TRUE

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Muscles provide all of the following except?
    A.Protection
    B. Posture and support
    C. Produce a major portion of total body heat
    D. Attachment points for other muscles

 

  1. Muscles are usually named due to all of the following except?
    A.Nerve
    B. Shape
    C. Size
    D. Function

 

 

  1. Which of the following is affected by the shape and size of a muscle?
    A.Rate of muscle contraction
    B. Bony structure
    C. Ability of a muscle to produce force
    D. Location of the associated nerve

 

  1. Which of the following is not a shape by which muscles are categorized?
    A.Sphincter
    B. Radial
    C. Strap
    D. Fusiform

 

  1. Which of the following is not a property of skeletal muscle tissue that allows for force production and movement about joints?
    A.Constrictability
    B. Elasticity
    C. Extensibility
    D. Irritability

 

  1. Which of the following is not true with respect to an isometric muscle contraction?
    A.Tension is developed within muscle but joint angles remain constant
    B. Considered to be a static contraction
    C. Is considered to be a dynamic contraction
    D. Joint angle may be maintained in a relatively stable position

 

  1. The pennate type of muscle fiber arrangement may be classified by the following terms except?
    A.Unipennate
    B. Bipennate
    C. Tripennate
    D. Multipennate

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding isometric muscle actions?
    A.Tension is developed within a muscle but joint angles remain constant
    B. Tension is developed to either cause or control joint movement
    C. Dynamic type of contraction
    D. Varying degrees of tension in muscles are causing joint angles to change

 

  1. Which of the following is not true regarding concentric muscle contractions?
    A.A muscle develops active tension as it shortens
    B. Contractions occur when the muscle develops enough force to overcome applied resistance
    C. Contractions cause movement against gravity or resistance
    D. Commonly described as being a negative type of contraction

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding concentric muscle contractions?
    A.The force developed by the muscle is less than that of the resistance
    B. Contractions cause movement against gravity or resistance
    C. Causes a body part to remain stable against gravity or external forces
    D. Results in the joint angle changing in the opposite direction of the applied muscle force

 

  1. Which of the following is not true regarding an eccentric muscle action?
    A.Typically called a positive type of muscle contraction
    B. The muscle lengthens under tension
    C. Occurs when muscle gradually lessens in tension to control the descent of resistance
    D. Weight or resistance overcomes muscle contraction but not to the point that muscle cannot control descending movement

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding an eccentric muscle action?
    A.The muscle does not control the movement with gravity or resistance
    B. Described as a positive type of contraction
    C. The force developed by the muscle is less than that of the resistance
    D. Results in the joint angle changing in the direction opposite that of the resistance or external force

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not a true statement regarding isokinetic exercise?
    A.The speed or velocity of movement is constant
    B. Muscular contraction occurs only through part of the movement
    C. Is not another type or classification of muscle contraction
    D. Can only be performed on machines such as Biodex, Cybex, and Lido

 

  1. Which of the following is a true statement regarding agonist muscles?
    A.Causes a joint motion through a specified plane of motion when contracting concentrically
    B. Causes a joint motion through a specified plane of motion when contracting isometrically
    C. Causes a joint motion through a specified plane of motion when contracting eccentrically
    D. Causes a joint motion through a specified plane of motion when contracting isokinetically

 

  1. Which of the following is not a true statement regarding antagonist muscles?
    A.Muscle is typically located on opposite side of the joint from agonist
    B. When activated these muscles have the opposite concentric action
    C. Also known as contralateral muscles
    D. These muscles work against agonist muscles by contracting and preventing movement

 

  1. Which of the following is a true statement regarding stabilizer muscles?
    A.Are essential in establishing a relatively firm base for the more distal joints to work from when carrying out movements
    B. Contract to unlock the joint to enable another limb or body segment to exert force and/or move
    C. Known as guiding muscles
    D. Are located opposite a joint or body part

 

  1. Which of the following is a true statement regarding synergist muscles?
    A.Assist in action of antagonists
    B. Are always considered to be prime movers for the action
    C. Known as guiding muscles
    D. Assist in refined movement and cause undesired motions

 

 

  1. Which of the following is the basic functional unit of the nervous system responsible for generating and transmitting nervous impulses?
    A.Dendrite
    B. Neuron
    C. Ganglion
    D. Dermatome

 

  1. Which of the following is not a classification of neuron type?
    A.Sensory
    B. Motor
    C. Peripheral
    D. Interneuron

 

  1. Which of the following is a proprioceptor associated with muscle tissue?
    A.Pacian corpuscle
    B. Golgi Tendon Organ
    C. Meissners corpuscle
    D. Ruffini organ

 

  1. The subconscious mechanism by which the body is able to regulate posture and movement is _____.
    A.kinesthesis
    B. proprioception
    C. reflex
    D. pathogenesis

 

  1. Which of the following do not result in the contraction of the muscle fibers in a particular motor unit?
    A.Maximal stimulus
    B. Submaximal stimulus
    C. Threshold stimulus
    D. Subthreshold stimulus

 

 

  1. _____ occurs when an antagonistic muscle becomes stretched to the point at which it can no longer lengthen and allow movement.
    A.Active insufficiency
    B. Countercurrent movement
    C. Passive insufficiency
    D. Reciprocal innervation

 

  1. Regarding the angle of pull, a muscle would be most effective in moving a joint when its angle of pull is at _____ degrees.
    A.32
    B. 84
    C. 99
    D. 102

 

 

Essay Questions

  1. List the four properties of muscle tissue.
  2. Contractility
    2. Irritability
    3. Extensibility
    4. Elasticity

 

 

Chapter 04

The Shoulder Girdle

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. The actions of serratus anterior include abduction and upward rotation.
    TRUE

 

  1. The insertion of the serratus anterior muscle is the anterior aspect of the whole length of the medial border of the scapula.
    TRUE

 

  1. The origin of serratus anterior is the surfaces of the upper seven ribs at the side of the chest.
    FALSE

 

  1. The nerve that innervates the serratus anterior muscle is the long thoracic nerve (C5-7).
    TRUE

 

  1. The innervation of the trapezius muscle is the accessory nerve (cranial nerve XI) and branches of (C3-4).
    TRUE

 

  1. The origin of the levator scapulae muscle is the spinous processes of the upper four cervical vertebrae (C1-4).
    FALSE

 

 

  1. The medial border of the scapula above the scapular spine is the insertion point of the levator scapulae.
    TRUE

 

  1. The origin of the pectoralis major muscle includes the anterior surface of the costal cartilages of the first six ribs.
    FALSE

 

  1. The levator scapulae muscle is responsible for upward rotation of the inferior angle of the scapula.
    FALSE

 

  1. The levator scapulae muscle is innervated by the dorsal scapular nerve C5 and branches of C6.
    FALSE

 

  1. The sternoclavicular joint is supported anteriorly by the costoclavicular ligament.
    FALSE

 

  1. The origin of the rhomboid muscles is the spinous processes of the last cervical (C7) and the first seven thoracic vertebrae (T1-7).
    FALSE

 

  1. The location of the pectoralis minor muscle is such that the muscle may be palpated with little difficulty.
    FALSE

 

 

  1. The pectoralis minor can perform adduction, downward rotation, or depression when activated.
    FALSE

 

  1. The coracoclavicular ligament is particularly important in providing stability to the acromioclavicular joint.
    TRUE

 

  1. The dorsal scapular nerve (C5) branch of the brachial plexus serves as the innervation for the rhomboids.
    TRUE

 

  1. The serratus anterior performs abduction in the transverse plane.
    TRUE

 

  1. The insertion of the levator scapulae is the transverse processes of the upper 4 cervical vertebrae.
    TRUE

 

  1. The trapezius can perform adduction in the transverse plane when activated.
    TRUE

 

  1. The insertion of the pectoralis minor is the coranoid process of the scapula.
    FALSE

 

  1. The origin of the subclavius is the superior aspect of the first rib at its junction with its costal cartilage.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. The most palpable shoulder girdle muscle is the trapezius.
    TRUE

 

  1. The acromioclavicular joint has more total range of possible than the sternoclavicular joint.
    FALSE

 

  1. The scapulothoracic joint consists of the bony articulation of the anterior scapular moving directly against the posterolateral ribs.
    FALSE

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The muscles that are included in the shoulder girdle group include all of the following except?
    A.Pectoralis major
    B. Trapezius
    C. Serratus Anterior
    D. Rhomboid major and minor

 

  1. The actions of the lower portion of the trapezius muscle include all of the following except?
    A.Upward rotation
    B. Depression
    C. Adduction
    D. Elevation

 

 

  1. Which of the following is true with respect to the rhomboid muscles?
    A.The origin is the spinous processes of the last cervical (C7) and first four (T1-4) vertebrae
    B. The actions include adduction and downward rotation from an upwardly rotated position
    C. The insertion is the lateral border of the scapula below the spine
    D. It is innervated by the anterior scapular nerve (C5)

 

  1. Which of the following are actions associated with the shoulder girdle?
    A.Abduction, horizontal adduction, and flexion
    B. Internal rotation, extension, and adduction
    C. Horizontal adduction, depression, and abduction
    D. Upward rotation, abduction, and elevation

 

  1. Which of the following anatomical landmarks is located on the anterior surface of the scapula?
    A.Glenoid fossa
    B. Infraspinatus fossa
    C. Supraspinatus fossa
    D. Subscapular fossa

 

  1. Which of the following anatomical landmarks is located on the posterior surface of the scapula?
    A.Glenoid fossa
    B. Posterior fossa
    C. Infraspinatus fossa
    D. Subscapular fossa

 

  1. Which of the following actions is not performed by the trapezius?
    A.Downward rotation
    B. Upward rotation
    C. Elevation
    D. Depression

 

 

  1. Which of the following actions is performed by the levator scapulae?
    A.Downward rotation
    B. Upward rotation
    C. Elevation
    D. Depression

 

  1. Which of the following muscles is innervated by the branches of C3 and C4 of the brachial plexus?
    A.Rhomboid
    B. Trapezius
    C. Serratus anterior
    D. Pectoralis minor

 

  1. Which of the following muscles is innervated by the branches of C5, C6 and C7 of the brachial plexus?
    A.Rhomboid
    B. Trapezius
    C. Serratus anterior
    D. Pectoralis minor

 

  1. Which of the following is an action performed by the serratus anterior?
    A.Upward rotation
    B. Downward rotation
    C. Flexion
    D. Extension

 

  1. Which of the following muscles is located most anteriorly on the human body?
    A.Rhomboids
    B. Levator scapulae
    C. Trapezius
    D. Serratus anterior

 

 

  1. Which of the following muscles is located most posteriorly on the human body?
    A.Pectoralis minor
    B. Serratus anterior
    C. Trapezius
    D. Subclavius

 

  1. Which of the following muscles perform both elevation and depression?
    A.Pectoralis minor
    B. Serratus anterior
    C. Rhomboids
    D. Trapezius

 

  1. Which of the following muscles perform stabilization and protection of the sternoclavicular joint?
    A.Subclavius
    B. Serratus anterior
    C. Trapezius
    D. Pectoralis minor

 

  1. Which of the following muscles is not innervated by the spinal accessory nerve and/or the branches of C5?
    A.Rhomboids
    B. Trapezius
    C. Pectoralis minor
    D. Levator scapulae

 

  1. Which of the following muscles has a portion of its origin located on the ribs?
    A.Trapezius
    B. Rhomboids
    C. Serratus anterior
    D. Levator scapulae

 

 

  1. Which of the following muscles has a portion of its insertion located on the spine of the scapula?
    A.Trapezius
    B. Rhomboids
    C. Serratus anterior
    D. Levator scapulae

 

  1. Which of the following muscles performs an action in the sagittal plane of motion?
    A.Trapezius
    B. Rhomboids
    C. Serratus anterior
    D. Levator scapulae

 

  1. The most laterally located bony landmark of the scapula is the _____.
    A.acromion process
    B. coracoid process
    C. glenoid fossa
    D. lateral border

 

  1. Which of the following positions would be best to stretch the pectoralis minor?
    A.Protraction
    B. Retraction
    C. Elevation
    D. Depression

 

  1. Which of the following muscles would best be strengthened by the bench press exercise?
    A.Trapezius
    B. Rhomboids
    C. Serratus anterior
    D. Levator scapulae

 

 

  1. Which of the following muscles would most likely be substantially weakened in an individual with a winging scapula?
    A.Trapezius
    B. Rhomboids
    C. Serratus anterior
    D. Levator scapulae

 

  1. The most superiorly located bony landmark of the scapula is the _____.
    A.acromion process
    B. coracoid process
    C. spine
    D. superior angle

 

  1. Raising the humerus high out to the side to ask a question involves which of the following scapula motions?
    A.Abduction
    B. Adduction
    C. Elevation
    D. Upward rotation

 

 

Essay Questions

  1. List the five (5) anatomical landmarks located on the scapula that can be seen from a lateral view.

Answer will vary

 

 

 

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