Mastering Competencies Family Therapy 2nd Edition By Gehart -Test Bank

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Mastering Competencies Family Therapy 2nd Edition By Gehart -Test Bank

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Mastering Competencies Family Therapy 2nd Edition By Gehart -Test Bank

 

IMPORTANT NOTICE:

SECURE TEST BANK

 

Instructors: Please maintain careful security of this document as it is widely used by other instructors. This test bank is intended for formal examination purposes only and students should never be allowed unrestricted or unsupervised access to hard or digital copies at any time.

 

Mastering Competencies in Family Therapy

Chapter 2: Research and Ethical Foundations of Family Therapy Theories

 

  1. The minimum standard of practice for those in the medical field is known as evidence-based practice. Which of the following statements is the best definition?
    1. Evidence-based practice uses research findings to inform medical decisions for the care of individual clients.
    2. Evidence-based practice encourages using clients in experiments to determine what works for medical decisions.
    3. Evidence-based practice uses the same practices to treat all problems for all clients.
    4. Evidence-based practice refers to a therapists own way of doing things based on his or her experience in the field.

 

ANS:         A

REF:          The Minimum Standard of Practice: Evidence-Based Practice (p. 18)

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the five steps for family therapists implementing evidence-based practice into their practice?
    1. Develop an answerable question to focus on in the search for evidenced-based information.
    2. Search the literature for the best empirical evidence to answer the question.
    3. Evaluate the validity, impact, and applicability of the research to determine its usefulness in this case.
    4. Assume the research findings are applicable to the current clients situation.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          The Minimum Standard of Practice: Evidence-Based Practice (p. 18)

 

  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE about common factors research?
    1. The effectiveness of therapy has more to do with the key elements found in all theories than with the unique components of a specific theory.
    2. The similarities among theories matter more than the differences.
    3. There is major evidence in the research literature to support the superiority of one theory of another in family therapy.
    4. The common factors approach does not require therapists to give up their therapeutic model.

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Heart of the Matter: Common Factors Research (p. 19)

 

  1. In Lamberts common factors model, which of the following factors is MOST attributed to successful outcome in therapy for clients?
    1. Client hope
    2. Therapeutic model
    3. Therapeutic relationship
    4. Client motivation and resources

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Heart of the Matter: Common Factors Research (p. 19-20)

 

  1. According to Wampolds common factors model, which of the following factors matters LEAST in therapeutic outcomes for clients?
    1. Client hope
    2. Therapeutic model
    3. Therapeutic relationship
    4. Client motivation and resources

 

ANS:         B

REF: Heart of the Matter: Common Factors Research (p. 20-21)

 

  1. In both Lamberts and Wampolds research, the quality of the therapeutic relationship appears to be more important than the specific model in predicting outcome. Which one of the following would be considered a positive factor in an effective therapeutic relationship?
    1. The therapist accommodates the clients level of motivation.
    2. The therapist sets the goals for the client.
    3. The therapist expresses judgment when the client is not making progress.
    4. The therapist is reserved and professional at all times.

 

ANS:         A

REF: Heart of the Matter: Common Factors Research (p. 21)

 

  1. According to the author of this textbook, an appropriate answer to the question Do we still need theory? is:
    1. Theory is most relevant for the client, not the therapist.
    2. Theories prevent therapists from using a systematic way for dealing with the wide range of difficulties clients bring.
    3. Theories are important because they are the vehicles through which the common factors do their work.
    4. Theories do not allow therapists to take into consideration unique issues related to diversity.

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Heart of the Matter: Common Factors Research (p. 22)

 

 

  1. When therapists, licensing boards, or funding institutions refer to therapy models as evidence-based, they are generally referring to which of the following??
    1. Evidenced-based therapies (EBT)
    2. Empirically validated treatment (EVT)
    3. Empirically supported treatments (EST)
    4. Effectively tested therapies (ETT)

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Show Me Proof: Evidence-Based Therapies (p. 23)

 

  1. Empirically supported treatments (ESTs) meet each of the following criteria EXCEPT:
    1. Treatment is significantly better than the no-treatment control group.
    2. The treatment is based on a written treatment manual.
    3. A specific population with a specific problem is identified.
    4. Researchers have no need for reliable and valid outcome measures.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Show Me Proof: Evidence-Based Therapies (p. 23)

 

  1. Which of the following would be considered a DISADVANTAGE of an empirically supported treatment (EST)?
    1. They have greater scientific support.
    2. They are expensive.
    3. They are highly structured.
    4. They do not target a specific population with a specific problem.

 

ANS:         B

REF:          Show Me Proof: Evidence-Based Therapies (p. 24)

 

  1. Why is it important to keep the evidence-based therapy movement and research in perspective?
    1. The evidence-based therapy movement aims to debunk the current theories in search of one grand theory.
    2. The evidence-based therapy approach is important because nothing in the field has ever been researched or studied before.
    3. Research indicates that any therapy, no matter what the theory, is better than no treatment at all.
    4. Research is yet another thread in the theory debate to confuse therapists in training.

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Show Me Proof: Evidence-Based Therapies (p. 24)

 

  1. Practicing any form of therapy in a professional manner means understanding three levels of rules that govern professional behavior: laws, ethics, and standards of care. Which of the following is the best definition for laws?
    1. Laws are either set by the local, state, or federal government, in the form of legislation establishing specific responsibilities for professionals.
    2. Laws are often about what you want to do and do not want to do.
    3. If a law conflicts with an element of an ethical code, the therapist must abide by the ethical code.
    4. Laws define in detail the expectations of family therapists and specific guidance on every possible scenario a therapist will encounter.

 

ANS:         A

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 26-27)

 

  1. Each major branch of professional associations in mental health publishes a code of ethics that serves as a guide for responsible and professional behavior. Which of the following is NOT an ethical principal?
    1. Justice
    2. Autonomy
    3. Infidelity
    4. Beneficence

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 27)

 

  1. The standard of care for therapists means what?
    1. Establishing a set code of ethics for your private practice
    2. What most people at the same professional level are doing in practice
    3. Making a personal decision which laws to follow and which to ignore
    4. Doing only what other therapists would do in practice

 

ANS:         B

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 27-28)

 

  1. When working with couples and families in therapy, why is it important to define who your client is?
    1. It will impact how the therapist organizes treatment.
    2. It will impact how the therapist documents the case.
    3. It will impact how the therapist handles conflict between family members.
    4. All of the above.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 28)

 

  1. Confidentiality is both a legal and ethical requirement for therapists. Why does confidentiality become more complex when working with couples and families?
    1. Therapists cannot share what their clients tell them one-on-one.
    2. Therapists are obligated to keep secrets no matter what.
    3. Therapists could cause harm to their clients if they do not keep secrets.
    4. Therapists need to establish their own secrets policy and make sure clients understand it.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 29)

 

  1. When working with minors, why is maintaining an individual therapist stance versus a family therapist stance nearly impossible?
    1. Family members must give consent for the minor to receive treatment.
    2. Family members often do not want to be included in the therapy process.
    3. Family members do not have the right to access treatment records for the minor.
    4. All of the above.

 

ANS:         A

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 30)

 

  1. In working with children and families, a therapist is considered a mandated reporter of child abuse in which of the following circumstances?
    1. When the therapist has collected thorough information to confirm abuse has taken place
    2. When the therapist hears from another therapist that a client has been abused
    3. When the therapist has a reasonable suspicion that abuse has taken place
    4. All of the above

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 30-31)

 

  1. When working with a couple who has experienced intimate partner violence (IPV), the therapist should follow which of the following guidelines for working with the couple?
    1. Discontinue couple therapy immediately.
    2. Follow state, county, or agency rules governing the treatment of IPV.
    3. Treat the couple together.
    4. Work with the non-offending partner only.

 

ANS:         B

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 31)

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT a true statement regarding working with couple or family clients via videoconference or related technology?
    1. Therapists should be trained and have experience using technology.
    2. Therapists should be aware of potential risks and benefits of electronic therapy.
    3. Therapists must ensure the privacy and confidentiality by securing the connection.
    4. Therapists do not need to be licensed in the state their clients are residing in.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 32)

 

  1. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding therapists values and their practice of family therapy?
    1. Family therapy can be value-free.
    2. A family therapist cannot be sued for imposing his or her values on their clients.
    3. Family therapists can refuse to see clients based on their own value-system.
    4. Family therapists must contend with the struggle between their obligations to serve clients and their right to practice based on their own values.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Legal and Ethical Issues in Couple and Family Therapy (p. 32-33)

 

 

IMPORTANT NOTICE:

SECURE TEST BANK

 

Instructors: Please maintain careful security of this document as it is widely used by other instructors. This test bank is intended for formal examination purposes only and students should never be allowed unrestricted or unsupervised access to hard or digital copies at any time.

 

Mastering Competencies In Family Therapy

Chapter 16: Evaluating Progress in Therapy

 

  1. Therapists have two general options for measuring progress. What are they?
    1. General and experimental measures
    2. Linear and analytical measures
    3. Nonstandardized and standardized measures
    4. Formal and informal measures

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Step 4: Evaluating Progress (p. 595)

 

  1. Many insurance companies have shifted toward having clients complete which of the following to assess if therapy is warranted and effective?
    1. Progress checklists
    2. Treatment plans
    3. Assessments
    4. Outcome measures

 

ANS:         A

REF:          Nonstandardized Evaluations (p. 595-596)

 

  1. There are many advantages of nonstandardized evaluations. The advantages include which of the following?
    1. They are as reliable or valid as standardized measures.
    2. They are easily adapted for diverse clients.
    3. They are not difficult to use with persons with severe pathology.
    4. They are not difficult to use with children if parents are not there.

 

ANS:         B

REF:          Nonstandardized Evaluations (p. 596)

 

  1. Gayle, a family therapist working with a couple in therapy, asks the couple at the beginning of each session, This week, on a scale of 0 to 10, (0 meaning no improvement and 10 meaning we did not argue once) how have things been for each of you? What is Gayle attempting to do here?
    1. Assess her clients problems
    2. Help her clients assess their own progress
    3. Standardize therapy
    4. None of the above

 

ANS:         B

REF:          Nonstandardized Evaluations (p. 596)

 

  1. Which of the following is usually true of standardized evaluations?
    1. They are considered to be less reliable and valid.
    2. They are less able to make cross-client comparisons.
    3. It is difficult to use them to make comparisons across time.
    4. They may require more therapist time and/or equipment and resources.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Standardized Evaluations (p. 597)

 

  1. When scoring standardized evaluations with diverse clients, which of the following statements is true?
    1. Generally, the less diverse the clientele, the more difficult it is to accurately interpret scores.
    2. Generally, the more diverse the clientele, the more difficult it is to accurately interpret scores.
    3. Standardized evaluations cannot be used with diverse populations.
    4. Standardized evaluations are developed initially for use with diverse populations.

 

ANS:         B

REF:          Standardized Evaluations (p. 597)

 

  1. As with nonstandardized evaluations, standardized measures have both advantages and disadvantages. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of standardized evaluations?
    1. They are considered more reliable and valid.
    2. The therapist is better able to make cross-client comparisons.
    3. The therapist is better able to make comparisons across time.
    4. They are easily adapted for diverse clients.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Standardized Evaluations (p. 597)

 

  1. Ultra brief instruments are those that require which of the following amounts of time?
    1. As little as 1 minute
    2. As few a 5 minutes
    3. As few as 8 minutes
    4. A little as 10 minutes

 

ANS:         A

REF:          Real-World Options for Standardized Evaluations of Progress (p. 598)

 

  1. Which of the following is not a guideline for using standardized measures in everyday practice?
    1. Use instruments that take 5 minutes or less to complete.
    2. Use instruments at regular intervals, weekly or monthly.
    3. Use measures at the beginning and end of every session.
    4. Use measures clients will complete at the beginning of sessions.

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Real-World Options for Standardized Evaluations of Progress (p. 590)

 

  1. The Outcome Rating Scale is an ultra-brief questionnaire appropriate for use at which time?
    1. Every session
    2. Monthly
    3. At the start and termination of therapy
    4. None of the above

 

ANS:         A

REF:          Real-World Options for Standardized Evaluations of Progress (p. 598-600)

 

  1. Which of the following measures the client-therapist relationship?
    1. General Rating Scale
    2. Ultra Brief Rating Scale
    3. Outcome Rating Scale
    4. Session Rating Scale

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Real-World Options for Standardized Evaluations of Progress (p. 598-600)

 

  1. Brief measures refer to assessment instruments that require less than 10 minutes to complete. Which of the following is considered to be a brief measure?
    1. Outcome Questionnaire
    2. Extended Rating Scale
    3. Extensive Client Questionnaire
    4. None of the above

 

Answer B (p. 593-594)

 

  1. Beth is a first-year family therapist who has just started working with clients. One of her clients is in therapy to work through his depression. The client is a 19-year-old male who has just recently moved to the United States from Puerto Rico. The client states that he still has a hard time with the English language, though he understands enough to carry on a conversation. Beth wants to get an accurate assessment of the client and his problem, but is unsure which type of assessment would be best in this case. What type of measurement should Beth use?
    1. Standardized: The client does not fit the cultural norm, so he must be given a paper and pencil test.
    2. Standardized: Culture has no effect on the validity of standardized instruments.
    3. Non-standardized: It will give a more detailed and objective assessment based on the clients cultural norms.
    4. Non-standardized: A detailed self-report is most likely to capture the clients perspective.

 

ANS:         D

REF:          Nonstandardized Evaluations (p. 595-596)

 

  1. What is one of the most critical aspects of success related to the outcome of using an assessment system?
    1. The clients willingness to participate in therapy
    2. The insurance companys demand for them
    3. The therapists attitude about assessment
    4. None of the above

 

ANS:         C

REF:          Final Thoughts on Outcome (p. 603)

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