Mastering Self Leadership Empowering Yourself for Personal Excellence 6th Edition by Christopher C. Neck -Test Bank

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Mastering Self Leadership Empowering Yourself for Personal Excellence 6th Edition by Christopher C. Neck -Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS

Mastering Self Leadership Empowering Yourself for Personal Excellence 6th Edition by Christopher C. Neck -Test Bank

Chapter 4 Test Bank

 

True or False

 

  1. Natural or intrinsic rewards are when incentives are built directly into the task itself and no additional external incentives are required.
  1. True (p. 42, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. Feelings of purpose occur when people enjoy doing tasks that they can do well.
  2. False (p. 42-competence, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. Altruism can enhance natural rewards because it can help to provide a sense of purpose.
  2. True (p. 44, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. Naturally enjoyable activities make us feel more self-controlling.
  2. True (p. 43, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. Choosing what emotions we experience can have a profound impact on how we feel, thereby influencing how we behave and perform.
  2. True (p. 58, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Feelings of fulfillment, joy, and purpose are the three primary features of a naturally rewarding activity.
  2. False (pp. 43-44-Feelings of competency, feelings of self-control, and feelings of purpose, moderate; LO: #2)

 

  1. Self-leadership strategies for regulating our emotions cannot be applied to dealing with emotional situations.
  2. False (p. 58 -can be applied, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Natural rewards can be used to motivate the pursuit of more effective self-leadership.
  2. True (p. 40, easy; LO: #3)

 

  1. By living your purpose and building natural rewards into your job to make it more enjoyable, your health and performance could improve greatly.
  2. True. (p. 50, easy; LO: #3)

 

  1. Research has suggested that focusing on external rewards might undermine the immediate enjoyment of the task.
  2. True (p. 54, moderate; LO: #3)

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. __________ or intrinsic rewards are when incentives are built directly into the task itself and no additional external incentives are required.
  1. Natural
  2. Majestic
  3. Passive
  4. Self

Answer: A (p. 42, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. Feelings of __________ occur when people enjoy doing tasks that they can do well.
  2. joy
  3. peace
  4. purpose
  5. self-control

Answer: C (p. 42-competence, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. __________ can enhance natural rewards because it can help to provide a sense of purpose.
  2. Motivation
  3. Altruism
  4. Self-leadership
  5. Majestic moments

Answer: B (p. 44, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. Naturally enjoyable activities make us feel more __________.
  2. competent
  3. appreciated
  4. purpose
  5. self-controlling

Answer: D (p. 43, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. Choosing what emotions we experience can have a profound impact on how we feel, thereby influencing how we __________ and perform.
  2. engage
  3. responds
  4. behave
  5. none of the above

Answer: C (p. 58, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Feelings of __________, self-control, and purpose are the three primary features of a naturally rewarding activity.
  2. competence
  3. self-actualization
  4. security
  5. self-reliance

Answer: A (pp. 43-44, moderate; LO: #2)

 

  1. Self-leadership strategies for regulating our __________ can be applied to dealing with emotional situations.
  2. heart rate
  3. emotions
  4. pulse rate
  5. none of the above

Answer: B (p. 58-can be applied, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Research has suggested that focusing on __________ rewards might undermine the immediate enjoyment of the task.
  2. intrinsic
  3. natural
  4. external
  5. all of the above

Answer: C (p. 54, moderate; LO: #3)

 

Short Essay

 

  1. Explain the three primary features of naturally rewarding activities.

They create feelings of competence, feelings of self-control, and feelings of purpose.

(pp. 43-44, moderate; LO: #2)

 

  1. Discuss the impact that choosing our emotions can have upon how we feel.

Choosing the emotions we experience can have a significant impact on how we feel, thereby influencing how we behave and perform. (p. 58, moderate; LO: #4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 5 Test Bank

 

True or False

 

  1. We create our own psychological worlds by selecting what enters our minds.
  2. True (p. 65, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. Negative statements in an individuals self-talk are called pessimistic views.
  2. False (p. 68-sappers, moderate; LO: #2)

 

  1. Extreme thinking is a type of dysfunctional thinking that occurs when things are seen as black or white; if total perfection is not achieved, a perception of complete failure results.
  2. True (p. 72, hard; LO: #3)

 

  1. Fortune telling is a type of dysfunctional thinking that occurs when a single negative detail is emphasized, distorting all other aspects of ones perceptions of reality.
  2. False (p. 72-Disqualifying the positive, hard; LO: #3)

 

  1. Individuals should avoid dysfunctional types of thinking and replace them with more rational thoughts.
  2. False (p. 73-confront, hard; LO: #3)

 

  1. The physical world, psychological world, and behavior are influenced by one another in a multi-directional way.
  2. True (p. 65, hard; LO: #1)

 

  1. The individual must take responsibility for changing his or her own behaviors and not rely on external authority figures.
  2. True (p. 67, easy; LO: #1).

 

  1. The Little Engine That Could or The Little Blue Engine story was used in the text to illustrate the importance of believing.
  2. False (pp. 67-69-the importance of self-talk, moderate; LO: #2)

 

  1. We carry in our minds a world that is more real to us than the physical one within which we live.
  2. True (p. 65, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. If we wish to achieve effective self-leadership, we need to take responsibility for what we think and what we do.
  2. True (p. 67, easy; LO: #1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. We create our own __________ worlds by selecting what enters our minds.
  2. physical
  3. emotional
  4. optimistic
  5. psychological

Answer: D (p. 65, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. Negative statements in an individuals self-talk are called __________.
  1. pessimistic views
  2. zappers
  3. sappers
  4. none of the above

Answer: C (p. 68, moderate; LO: #2)

 

  1. __________ thinking is a type of dysfunctional thinking that occurs when things are seen as black or white; if total perfection is not achieved, a perception of complete failure results.
  2. Extreme
  3. Cautious
  4. Reluctant
  5. Prolonged

Answer: A (p. 72, hard; LO: #3)

 

  1. __________ is a type of dysfunctional thinking that occurs when a single negative detail is emphasized, distorting all other aspects of ones perceptions of reality.
  2. Labeling and mislabeling
  3. Mind reading
  4. Fortune telling
  5. Disqualifying the positive

Answer:  D (p. 72, hard; LO: #3)

 

  1. Individuals should __________ dysfunctional types of thinking and replace them with more rational thoughts.
  2. avoid
  3. remove
  4. confront
  5. permit

Answer:  C (p. 73, hard; LO: #3)

 

  1. The physical world, psychological world, and behavior are influenced by one another in (a) __________ way.
  2. one
  3. multi-directional
  4. single
  5. none of the above

Answer: B (p. 65, hard; LO: #1)

 

  1. The individual must take responsibility for changing his or her own behaviors and not rely on __________ authority figures.
  2. overbearing
  3. legal
  4. internal
  5. external

Answer:  D (p. 67, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. The Little Engine That Could or The Little Blue Engine story was used in the text to illustrate the importance of __________.
  2. self-talk
  3. believing
  4. imagining success
  5. overcoming defeat

Answer: A (pp. 67-69, moderate, LO: #2)

 

Short Essay

 

  1. Describe how Olympic decathlete Dan OBrien improved his performance by altering his self-talk.

Despite being a gold-medal favorite, OBrien failed to make the U.S. Olympic team because of his negative self-talk.  After altering his self-talk in a positive way, he not only made the U.S. team, but won a gold medal. (p. 69, moderate, LO: #2)

 

  1. How did beliefs prohibit Russian Olympic weight lifter Vasily Alexeev from breaking a world record?

Alexeev could lift 499 pounds but could not break through the 500-pound barrier.  His trainers rigged a bar with 501.5 pounds and told him it was 499.  He lifted it easily! (p. 72, moderate, LO: #3)

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6 Test Bank

 

True or False

 

  1. Mental practice or imagined experience involves imagining successful completion of an event before you physically complete the event.
  2. True (p. 75, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. Just as we develop habitual ways of behaving, we develop habitual ways of thinking.
  2. True (p. 78, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. Obstacle thinking involves a pattern of thoughts that focus on the opportunities and possibilities that situations or challenges hold.
  2. False (p. 81-Opportunity, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Opportunity thinking involves a focus on the roadblocks and pitfalls of undertaking a new venture.
  2. False (p. 81-Obstacle, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Symbolic or imagined experiences are an important component of the psychological worlds in which we interpret and experience life.
  2. True (p. 76, moderate; LO: #1)

 

  1. Self-defeating images can promote corresponding negative results.
  2. True (p. 76, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. The relationship between thought patterns (the psychological world), behavior, and external factors are reciprocally related with factors influencing one another in a multi-directional way.
  2. True (p. 78, hard; LO: #3)

 

 

  1. Opportunity thinking involves a pattern of thoughts that focus on the opportunities and possibilities that situations or challenges hold. Obstacle thinking involves a focus on the roadblocks and pitfalls of undertaking a new venture.
  2. True (p. 81, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Klaus Obermeyer was teaching ski lessons and his students kept canceling because of the cold. He saw this as an obstacle to produce warm skiwear and not as an opportunity.
  2. False (p. 82-opportunity/obstacle, hard; LO: #4)

 

  1. The essence of our experience of life is centered within the inner world we create.
  2. True (p. 76, moderate; LO: #1)

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. __________ practice or imagined experience involves imagining successful completion of an event before you physically complete the event.
  2. Mental
  3. Physical
  4. Self
  5. None of the above

Answer: A (p. 75, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. Just as we develop __________ ways of behaving, we develop habitual ways of thinking.
  2. poor
  3. positive
  4. habitual
  5. negative

Answer: C (p. 78, easy; LO: #2)

 

  1. __________ thinking involves a pattern of thoughts that focus on the opportunities and possibilities that situations or challenges hold.
  2. Obstacle
  3. Opportunity
  4. Realistic
  5. Positive

Answer: B (p. 81, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. __________ thinking involves a focus on the roadblocks and pitfalls of undertaking a new venture.
  2. Positive
  3. Negative
  4. Opportunity
  5. Obstacle

Answer: D (p. 81, moderate; LO: #4)

 

  1. Symbolic or imagined experiences are an important component of the psychological worlds in which we interpret and experience life.
  2. imagined
  3. actual
  4. realistic
  5. objective

Answer: A (p. 76, moderate; LO: #1)

 

  1. Self-defeating images can promote corresponding __________ results.
  2. negative
  3. positive
  4. opportunistic
  5. none of the above

Answer: A (p. 76, easy; LO: #1)

 

  1. The relationship between thought patterns (the psychological world), behavior, and external factors are __________ related with factors influencing one another in a multi-directional way
  2. negatively
  3. conversely
  4. reciprocally
  5. positively

Answer: C (p. 78, hard; LO: #3)

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Opportunity thinking involves a pattern of thoughts that focus on the opportunities and possibilities that situations or challenges hold. Obstacle thinking involves a focus on the __________ and pitfalls of undertaking a new venture.
  2. possibilities
  3. opportunities
  4. obstacles
  5. roadblocks

Answer: D (p. 81, moderate; LO: #4)

 

Short Essay

 

  1. List the steps for successful mental practice.

Close eyes.  Relax, concentrate, and focus.  Focus on specific challenge.  Talk positively to self.  Mentally picture yourself before the task.  Stay concentrated, relaxed, and focused.  Mentally rehearse.  Repeat.  Open eyes, smile, praise yourself.  (pp. 76-77, hard; LO: #1).

 

  1. Discuss Thomas Edisons thought patterns.

Edison was an opportunity thinker.  When his laboratory was destroyed by fire, he saw opportunity in disaster.  He said all of his mistakes were burned up.  Three weeks later, he delivered his first phonograph. (p. 84, hard; LO: # 2)

 

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