Medical Terminology for Health Professions 7th Edition by Ann Ehrlich -Test Bank

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Medical Terminology for Health Professions 7th Edition by Ann Ehrlich -Test Bank

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Medical Terminology for Health Professions 7th Edition by Ann Ehrlich -Test Bank

Chapter 4: The Muscular System

 

MATCHING

 

Match each definition with the correct word part.

a. bad
b. fascia
c. fibrous connective tissue
d. hernia
e. two

 

 

  1. bi

 

  1. -cele

 

  1. dys-

 

  1. fasci/o

 

  1. fibr/o-

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct word part.

a. abnormal condition
b. movement
c. muscle
d. paralysis
e. pertaining to

 

 

  1. -ia

 

  1. -ic

 

  1. kinesi/o

 

  1. my/o

 

  1. -plegia

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct word part.

a. coordination
b. rupture
c. tendon
d. three
e. tone, tension, stretching

 

 

  1. -rrhexis

 

  1. tax/o

 

  1. ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

 

  1. ton/o

 

  1. tri-

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the appropriate condition.

a. abnormally increased motor function or activity
b. condition of abnormal muscle tone
c. distortion of voluntary movement
d. crosswise direction
e. extreme slowness in movement

 

 

  1. bradykinesia

 

  1. dyskinesia

 

  1. dystonia

 

  1. hyperkinesia

 

  1. transverse

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct term.

a. bending the foot upward at the ankle
b. circular movement at the far end of a limb
c. limb movement away from the midline
d. limb movement toward the midline
e. rotating the palm of the hand downward

 

 

  1. abduction

 

  1. adduction

 

  1. circumduction

 

  1. dorsiflexion

 

  1. pronation

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the appropriate condition.

a. paralysis of all four extremities
b. paralysis of both legs and lower body
c. slight paralysis of a muscle
d. slight paralysis of one side of the body
e. total paralysis of one side of the body

 

 

  1. hemiparesis

 

  1. hemiplegia

 

  1. myoparesis

 

  1. paraplegia

 

  1. quadriplegia

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct term.

a. band of fibrous tissue
b. degeneration of muscle
c. lacking normal muscle tone
d. muscle weakness from lack of use
e. inflammation of a fascia

 

 

  1. adhesion

 

  1. atonic

 

  1. atrophy

 

  1. fasciitis

 

  1. myolysis

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. A/An ____________________ develops when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues.

 

ANS:  contracture

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The surgical suturing of a divided tendon is known as a/an ____________________.

 

ANS:  tenorrhaphy

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near its attachment to the heel bone is known as a/an ____________________.

 

ANS:  heel spur

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The medical term ____________________ means diminished tone of the skeletal muscles.

 

ANS:  hypotonia

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ syndrome occurs when the tendons of the wrist become inflamed and swollen.

 

ANS:  Carpal tunnel

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The term ____________________ means slanted or at an angle.

 

ANS:  oblique

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The term ____________________ means the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement.

 

ANS:  ataxia

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The medical term meaning the release of a tendon from adhesions is ____________________.

 

ANS:  tenolysis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation.

 

ANS:  physiatrist

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The protrusion of a part of a structure through the tissues normally containing it is known as a ____________________.

 

ANS:  hernia

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ syndrome is a debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, muscle, joint, or bone pain.

 

ANS:  Fibromyalgia

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The medical term for the condition commonly known as hiccups is ____________________.

 

ANS:  singultus

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The medical term ____________________ means pertaining to the relationship between a nerve and a muscle.

 

ANS:  neuromuscular

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is an injury to a joint that usually involves a stretched or torn ligament.

 

ANS:  sprain

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is the jerking of the limbs that can occur normally as a person is falling asleep.

 

ANS:  Nocturnal myoclonus

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The age-related reduction in skeletal muscle mass in older adults is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  sarcopenia

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is a chronic autoimmune disease that produces serious weakness of the voluntary muscles.

 

ANS:  Myasthenia gravis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation.

 

ANS:  Electromyography

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ cyst is a harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs on the outer surface of the wrist.

 

ANS:  ganglion

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The disease characterized by inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  polymyositis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. An exercise ____________________ develops, implements, and coordinates exercise programs to promote physical fitness.

 

ANS:  physiologist

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  myoclonus

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ syndrome is a debilitating disorder characterized by profound fatigue that is not improved by bed rest.

 

ANS:  Chronic fatigue

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  epicondylitis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Spasmodic ____________________ is a stiff neck due to contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side.

 

ANS:  torticollis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  ergonomics

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Intermittent ____________________ is pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise due to poor circulation and is relieved by rest.

 

ANS:  claudication

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is the protrusion of a muscle through a tear in the fascia surrounding it.

 

ANS:  myocele

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to the bone is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  tenodesis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Plantar ____________________ is an inflammation of the plantar fascia.

 

ANS:  fasciitis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The diagnostic procedure to evaluate joint mobility and muscle strength is known as ____________________ testing.

 

ANS:

range of motion

range-of-motion

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ syndrome occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones of the shoulder joint.

 

ANS:  Impingement

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ causes muscle weakness and degeneration without affecting the nervous system.

 

ANS:  Muscular dystrophy

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  tenosynovitis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The surgical suturing of a muscle is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  myorrhaphy

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________  is a painful condition caused by the muscle tearing away from the shin bone.

 

ANS:  shin splint

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The point where the muscle ends by attaching to a bone or tendon is known as the ____________________.

 

ANS:  insertion

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a ringlike muscle that tightly constricts the opening of a passageway.

 

ANS:  sphincter

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  paralysis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ release is a specialized soft-tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia.

 

ANS:  Myofascial

 

PTS:   1

 

Chapter 6: The Lymphatic and Immune Systems

 

MATCHING

 

Match each definition with the correct word part.

a. against
b. cancer
c. lymph
d. lymph node
e. protected

 

 

  1. anti-

 

  1. carcin/o

 

  1. immun/o

 

  1. lymph/o

 

  1. lymphaden/o

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct word part.

a. eat, swallow
b. formation
c. lymph vessel
d. new or strange
e. tumor

 

 

  1. lymphangi/o

 

  1. neo-

 

  1. -oma

 

  1. phag/o

 

  1. -plasm

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct word part.

a. flesh
b. pertaining to
c. poison
d. spleen
e. tumor

 

 

  1. onc/o

 

  1. sarc/o

 

  1. splen/o

 

  1. -tic

 

  1. tox/o

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct organism.

a. acute viral infection transmitted to humans by an infected animal
b. organism living on or within another living organism
c. rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria
d. small bacterium transmitted by the bite of an infected tick
e. spiral-shaped bacteria with flexible walls

 

 

  1. bacilli

 

  1. parasite

 

  1. rabies

 

  1. rickettsia

 

  1. spirochetes

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct term.

a. malignant tumor derived from connective tissue
b. malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
c. malignant tumor in the upper shaft of long bones
d. new cancer site resulting from spreading
e. process by which cancer spreads

 

 

  1. metastasis

 

  1. metastasize

 

  1. myosarcoma

 

  1. osteosarcoma

 

  1. sarcoma

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct condition.

a. a benign tumor formed by abnormal lymphatic vessels
b. abnormal swelling due to accumulated lymph in the tissues
c. also known as swollen glands
d. any disease affecting a lymph node
e. malignancies that develop in the lymphatic system

 

 

  1. lymphadenitis

 

  1. lymphadenopathy

 

  1. lymphangioma

 

  1. lymphedema

 

  1. lymphoma

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

Match each definition with the correct term.

a. bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response
b. produced in response to the presence of antigens
c. proteins that act as intracellular signals to begin the immune response
d. a white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells
e. white blood cells formed in the bone marrow as stem cells

 

 

  1. immunoglobulins

 

  1. interferon

 

  1. lymphocytes

 

  1. cytokines

 

  1. macrophage

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. A/An ____________________ reaction involves binding antigens to antibodies.

 

ANS:

antigen-antibody

antigen antibody

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The bacteria that form a chain are known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  streptococci

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a medication that prevents or reduces the bodys normal immune response.

 

ANS:  immunosuppressant

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Ductal carcinoma ____________________ is breast cancer at its earliest stage before the cancer has broken through the wall of the milk duct.

 

ANS:  in situ

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen.

 

ANS:  antibody

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A ____________________ reaction is a severe response to an allergen, also known as anaphylaxis.

 

ANS:  systemic

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue.

 

ANS:  carcinoma

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is a parasite that is commonly transmitted from pets to humans by contact with contaminated feces.

 

ANS:  Toxoplasmosis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual.

 

ANS:  allergen

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ system is a group of proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form.

 

ANS:  Complement

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a medication that kills or damages cells.

 

ANS:  cytotoxic drug

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is an agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi.

 

ANS:  antifungal

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The term ____________________ means to destroy worn-out red blood cells and to liberate hemoglobin.

 

ANS:  hemolytic

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ in situ describes a malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues.

 

ANS:  Carcinoma

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The term ____________________ describes one-celled microscopic organisms, some of which cause diseases in humans.

 

ANS:  bacteria

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Radiation therapy that is administered at a distance from the body is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  teletherapy

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________, commonly known as AIDS, is the most advanced and fatal stage of an HIV infection.

 

ANS:  Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The treatment of disease either by stimulating or repressing the immune response is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  immunotherapy

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The medical term for a pathogenic yeast infection that occurs on the skin or mucous membranes is ____________________.

 

ANS:  candidiasis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ lymphoma is distinguished from other types of lymphoma by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells.

 

ANS:  Hodgkins

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is any substance that the body regards as being foreign.

 

ANS:  antigen

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The bloodborne infection ____________________ is commonly known as HIV.

 

ANS:  human immunodeficiency virus

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The bacteria that form irregular groups or clusters are known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  staphylococci

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The medical term for the condition commonly known as chickenpox is ____________________.

 

ANS:  varicella

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________, commonly known as anaphylactic shock, is a severe life-threatening response to an allergen.

 

ANS:  Anaphylaxis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ infection is caused by a pathogen that normally does not cause disease unless the host is weakened by another condition.

 

ANS:  opportunistic

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The Epstein-Barr virus causes the condition known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  infectious mononucleosis

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a medication that is capable of inhibiting the growth of or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms.

 

ANS:  antibiotic

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is a viral infection that is commonly known as shingles.

 

ANS:  Herpes zoster

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is a diagnostic test to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels.

 

ANS:  Lymphoscintigraphy

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous cells is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  mammography

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is a disease caused by a parasite that lives in certain mosquitoes and is transferred to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito.

 

ANS:  Malaria

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The ____________________ is a group of large herpes-type viruses that cause a variety of diseases.

 

ANS:  cytomegalovirus

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ disorder is any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune system produces antibodies to work against its own tissues.

 

ANS:  autoimmune

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ lymphoma is the term used to describe all lymphomas other than Hodgkins lymphoma.

 

ANS:  Non-Hodgkins

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ carcinoma is breast cancer that starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of that duct, and invades the surrounding fatty breast tissue.

 

ANS:  Infiltrating ductal

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. ____________________ is a viral infection that is also known as German or three-day measles.

 

ANS:  Rubella

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ is a benign tumor made up of muscle tissue.

 

ANS:  myoma

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. An abnormal enlargement of the spleen is known as ____________________.

 

ANS:  splenomegaly

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A/An ____________________ disorder occurs when the immune response is compromised.

 

ANS:  immunodeficiency

 

PTS:   1

 

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