Methods In Behavioral Research 10th Edition Cozby Test Bank

<< MGMT7 7th Edition By Chuck Williams Test Bank Medical Surgical Nursing Concepts & Practice 3rd Edition by Susan C. deWit, Candice K. Kumagai Test Bank >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Methods In Behavioral Research 10th Edition Cozby Test Bank

Description

6
1. What is a major distinction between quantitative and qualitative descriptive methods? Quantitative techniques use ____________ while qualitative techniques involve ____________.

A. correlational methods; experimental methods

B. experimental methods; correlational methods

C. numerical descriptions; verbal descriptions

D. verbal descriptions; numerical descriptions

2. When the conclusions of research are based on the interpretations of the investigator, _____________ research has been employed. However, if the conclusions are based upon statistical analyses of the data, _____________ research has been employed.

A. non-observational; observational

B. qualitative; quantitative

C. quantitative; qualitative

D. observational; non-observational

3. Dr. Silverman is interested in the daily activities of a group of 4th graders. He asks the children to indicate the amount of time per day they spend watching television, playing video games, and studying. This type of data gathering technique would be an example of a(n) _____________ approach.

A. organizational

B. quantitative

C. qualitative

D. experiential

4. A researcher wants to gather information on citizens feelings about the building of a new airport in their neighborhood. She gathers groups of citizens and engages them in a discussion about the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed airport. This type of data gathering would best be referred to as a(n) ______________ approach.

A. organizational

B. quantitative

C. qualitative

D. experiential

5. If you ask teenagers to describe the behaviors of their parents that most upsets them, you would be using a(n) _____________ approach of data collection.

A. correlational

B. experimental

C. qualitative

D. quantitative

6. When Mrs. Bush asks elementary school children to indicate the number of books they have checked out of the school library during the past month, she is using what type of observational method?

A. Methodological

B. Reactive

C. Qualitative

D. Quantitative

7. The goal of naturalistic observation is to

A. test theoretical hypotheses.

B. conduct experiments in real, rather than artificial, environments.

C. get quick answers to theoretical questions.

D. describe in detail a particular setting or situation.

8. A researcher would employ a(n) _____________ when he or she wants to describe and understand how people in a setting live, work, and experience the setting.

A. content analysis

B. experimental method

C. archival research study

D. naturalistic observation

9. Dr. Smith participates in a police ride-along program in order to examine the day-to-day activities of police officers. This method of gathering information may best be described as

A. archival research.

B. content analysis.

C. naturalistic observation.

D. an informational approach.

10. The best method to test the hypothesis that male elephants are more socially dominant than female elephants would be a(n)

A. archival research study.

B. survey.

C. case study.

D. naturalistic observation.

11. Michael examines self-disclosure that occurs between males and females by monitoring Internet discussion groups. Which method of research does this best illustrate?

A. Experimental

B. Archival

C. Case study

D. Naturalistic observation

12. Sylvia is interested in studying the parental behaviors displayed by sea turtles. She spends three months scuba diving off the Mexican coast observing and recording the range of behaviors that occur. This research method would best be categorized as

A. content analysis.

B. naturalistic observation.

C. archival research.

D. experimental methodology.

13. Data in naturalistic observation studies are most likely to be

A. quantitative.

B. qualitative.

C. unreliable.

D. nonempirical.

14. A good naturalistic observation will support the analysis by

A. testing only hypotheses that have been proposed by others.

B. using multiple confirmations.

C. using only qualitative data.

D. using only quantitative data.

15. In a naturalistic observation, which of the following data-collection techniques would a researcher be least likely to employ?

A. Observation of people and events

B. Interviews with key informants

C. Use audio and videotape recordings

D. Record how people respond to environmental settings manipulated by the researcher

16. Should an observer conceal or disclose the fact that observations are being made?

A. Concealed observation is preferred because it is less reactive.

B. Nonconcealed observation is preferred because it is less reactive.

C. Concealed observation is preferred because the observer can take more precise measurements.

D. Whether concealed or nonconcealed observation is preferred must be decided on an individual basis.

17. An advantage of participant over nonparticipant observation is

A. the observer may lose the objectivity needed to conduct the scientific observation.

B. the researcher may be able to experience events in the same way as natural participants.

C. it is always a more ethical research approach than nonparticipant observation.

D. the conclusions lack objectivity.

18. Tracy decides to employ a naturalistic observation on her sorority. A potential problem with this type of observation is she

A. may be unable to experience the day-to-day behaviors of the sorority.

B. does not know the members she is observing.

C. may lose the objectivity needed to conduct the scientific observation.

D. is not using concealed observation.

19. Dr. P., who belongs to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), conducts naturalistic observation research during AA meetings. Dr. P. is a __________________ observer.

A. nonparticipant

B. participant

C. concealed

D. nonconcealed

20. Which of the following is not an advantage to conducting a naturalistic observation?

A. It allows investigation of behaviors that occur in complex social settings.

B. It can always be scheduled at time that is convenient for the researcher.

C. It allows development of theories based on observations.

D. It allows the researcher to gather qualitative as well as quantitative data.

21. Naturalistic observation is less useful than other methods for

A. investigating complex social settings.

B. developing theories based on observation.

C. making observations in a natural setting over an extended period of time.

D. studying well-defined hypotheses under precisely specified conditions.

22. A disadvantage of naturalistic observation is

A. it can be extremely time consuming.

B. it may place the researcher in an unfamiliar setting for an extended period of time.

C. the researcher cannot always schedule the observation at a convenient time and place.

D. All of these

23. Naturalistic observation is generally more ____________ than systematic observation.

A. global

B. limited

C. quantitative

D. easily accomplished

24. A major difference between systematic observation and naturalistic observation is systematic observation

A. studies behavior in a natural setting; naturalistic observation does not.

B. employs concealed observation; naturalistic observation does not.

C. observes specific behaviors in specific settings; naturalistic observation does not.

D. is less time consuming than naturalistic observation.

25. What is the difference between naturalistic observation and systematic observation?

A. Naturalistic observation studies are designed to confirm previously formed hypotheses, whereas systematic observation studies are not.

B. Systematic observation studies are designed to confirm previously formed hypotheses, whereas naturalistic observation studies are not.

C. Systematic observation studies are time-consuming, while naturalistic observation studies are not.

D. None of these

26. Which of the following statements is least likely to be correct in comparing naturalistic to systematic observation?

A. Systematic observation studies are designed to confirm previously formed hypotheses, whereas naturalistic studies are not.

B. Data in systematic observation studies are more likely to be quantitative, whereas naturalistic studies are likely to be quantitative.

C. Systematic observation studies observe specific behaviors in specific settings, whereas naturalistic studies do not.

D. Systematic observation studies are much less global than are naturalistic observation studies.

27. Data in systematic observation studies are most likely to be

A. quantitative.

B. qualitative.

C. unreliable.

D. statistically significant.

28. In developing coding systems, they should

A. be as complex as possible.

B. not place behaviors into categories.

C. be as simple as possible.

D. include only nonverbal behaviors.

29. A researcher codes the nonverbal behaviors of married couples while they are discussing child-rearing methods. The researcher is using

A. naturalistic observation.

B. systematic observation.

C. a survey.

D. a case study.

30. Bebe observes a childs behavior after he has watched 15 minutes of violent cartoons. She codes the childs behavior every 30 seconds according to whether he hits, kicks, pushes, or bites another child. This observational technique can best be described as _____________ observation.

A. naturalistic

B. systematic

C. methodological

D. reactive

31. Observing horn honking and hand gestures displayed by drivers as measures of aggressive driving behavior would be a(n)

A. naturalistic observation.

B. systematic observation.

C. survey.

D. archival research.

32. The use of hidden cameras to record the license plate numbers of drivers who fail to obey traffic signals results in ______________ by the driver.

A. less reactance

B. greater reactance

C. less reliability

D. greater reliability

33. Gerald does not tell dirty jokes to his male friends when Sheila is in the room. However, when she leaves the room, he tells them the jokes. Geralds behavior is an example of

A. reliability.

B. archival research

C. validity.

D. reactivity.

34. Before recording any behaviors displayed by children in a third-grade classroom, Emeril visits the classroom continually for three weeks. Emerils visitations will help lessen

A. validity.

B. reactivity.

C. reliability.

D. sampling bias.

35. In a systematic observation study, two different people use the coding system to analyze the same videotape. The level of agreement between the two observers is then determined. This activity addresses which methodological issue in systematic observation?

A. Reactivity

B. Reliability

C. Sampling

D. Validity

36. In systematic observation studies, reliability is indicated by

A. high agreement among observers.

B. a high FICS score.

C. computer response recording.

D. high reactivity

37. Joanne and Peter are conducting a systematic observation study on childrens aggressive playground behavior. Joanne concludes that boys display more aggressive behaviors than do girls. Peter concludes the opposite. Based on these conclusions, which methodological issue would be of most concern in this study?

A. Reactivity

B. Sampling bias

C. Validity

D. Reliability

38. A researcher examines the accounting records of the Noren Corporation for the past five years in order to determine why the company filed for bankruptcy. This research method would best illustrate

A. systematic observation.

B. naturalistic observation.

C. a field experiment.

D. a case study.

39. A two-year account of the progress of a manic-depressive patient who is undergoing psychiatric care is an example of a

A. field experiment.

B. case study.

C. systematic observation.

D. naturalistic observation.

40. Case studies are most useful for studying

A. rare or unusual events.

B. large populations.

C. ambiguous questions.

D. cognitive variables.

41. Which of the following statements is least likely to be correct regarding case studies? Case studies

A. are useful for examining rare or unusual events.

B. focus on an individual person or setting.

C. allow a researcher to develop a psychobiography.

D. do not allow the development of hypotheses and testing of those hypotheses.

42. A _____________ is a type of case study in which research applies psychological theory to explain the life of an individual.

A. written record

B. systematic biography

C. psychobiography

D. statistical case study

43. A researcher conducted an in-depth examination of Jack the Ripper and concluded that there are three possible reasons for why he became a mass murderer. This research approach is an example of a

A. field experiment.

B. psychobiography.

C. systematic biography.

D. naturalistic observation.

44. The research approach in which the researcher does not actually collect original data but analyzes already existing data is called

A. a psychobiography.

B. a field experiment.

C. archival research.

D. statistical reporting.

45. Wendy examines newspaper articles to explore whether female political candidates refer to family members more often than male candidates. This study is an example of a(n)

A. survey archive.

B. psychobiography.

C. field experiment.

D. archival research.

46. A researcher wants to test the assertion that pioneer women committed suicide more often than pioneer men. The appropriate method to use would be a(n)

A. archival research study.

B. survey.

C. naturalistic observation study.

D. field experiment.

47. Harvey examines baseball records to determine whether National League teams who play the final game of the World Series at home lose more often than American League teams. Harvey is using which of the following archival research approaches?

A. Survey archives

B. Statistical records

C. Self-report

D. Anthropological data

48. To determine if more building permits are issued in the northern part of the county than in the southern part of the county, William examines the number of building permits issued in both counties over the last five years. William is using which of the following archival research approaches?

A. A case study

B. A field experiment

C. A survey archive

D. Statistical records

49. Survey archives are beneficial because

A. they allow the researcher to obtain a random sample of individuals.

B. they save a researcher time and money in collecting data.

C. many databases are available to researchers who wish to analyze them.

D. All of these

50. You are interested in knowing if the age of an individual and their religious affiliation are related to political conservatism. To answer this question, you analyze data available from the Inter University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). Which type of research approach have you employed?

A. A case study

B. A field experiment

C. A survey archive

D. A participant observation

51. James analyzed data from the National Science Foundations (NSF) General Social Survey in order to examine the relationship between education and life satisfaction. This research approach may best be categorized as a

A. naturalistic observation.

B. systematic observation.

C. survey archive.

D. content analysis.

52. A researcher studies letters to the editor to assess community attitudes. The researcher is using

A. statistical records.

B. survey archives.

C. written records.

D. a case study.

53. In a cross-cultural study on the topic of mortality, Margaret examined anthropologists descriptions of different cultures beliefs regarding life after death. Which archival approach has she most likely employed?

A. Statistical records

B. Survey archives

C. Written records

D. Self-reports

54. Dr. Stanley examines messages displayed on Internet bulletin boards in order to study whether males and females differ in the types and number of characteristics they use when describing themselves. What type of archival research data is Dr. Stanley using?

A. Statistical records

B. Survey archives

C. Written records

D. Video observation

55. Joe and Sarah examined award-winning films of the past 20 years in order to determine if there was a common theme for the story line. Which type of archival research approach have they most likely used?

A. Mass communication records

B. Survey archives

C. Systematic observation

D. Self-report

56. Content analysis and systematic observation are similar in that both

A. utilize a coding system of some sort.

B. depend on qualitative data.

C. are forms of archival research.

D. require concealed participation.

57. Dr. Bowman has developed a coding system for aggressive behaviors displayed in comic books. She has her assistants read comic books published between 1980 and 1984 and record the number of aggressive acts displayed in each comic. She also has her assistants read comic books published between 1985 and 1989 and record the number of aggressive acts displayed. This approach to studying aggressive behavior may best be categorized as

A. survey research.

B. naturalistic observation.

C. written records.

D. content analysis.

58. Luis studies a newspapers attitudes towards candidates for the position of Police Chief by counting the number of positive and negative comments attributed to each candidate. Luiss research approach is an example of a

A. content analysis.

B. survey archive.

C. statistical record.

D. psychobiography.

59. Betsy wants to determine if types of products advertised on television vary depending on the time of day. Which type of archival research approach would you suggest she employ to best address her question?

A. Survey archive

B. Content analysis

C. Statistical records

D. Written records

60. Television documentaries in which individuals let filmmakers record their private moments are an example of ___________________?

A. concealed observation

B. nonconcealed observation

C. low reactivity

D. archival studies

61. When developing a coding system for recording behaviors, it should be high in _______________?

A. reactivity

B. complexity

C. reliability

D. measurement error

62. Which of the following is not true of a case study?

A. always uses naturalistic observation of an individual

B. provides an in-depth description of an individual

C. can include a description of a patient by their doctor

D. provides an in-depth description of a new type of school

63. Abel and Kruger (2010) examined the relationship of positive emotions and longevity by examining smile intensity in photographs of major league players from 1952 and comparing it to age at time of death. This would be classified as __________________?

A. naturalistic observation

B. case study

C. archival research

D. psychobiography

64. Robinson and Martin (2009) used the General Social Survey (GSS) to test their hypothesis that Internet users differed from non-users in their level of optimism and other attitudes. Using the GSS to collect their data is an example of _______________?

A. survey archives

B. naturalistic observation

C. a case study

D. systematic observation

6 Key

1. What is a major distinction between quantitative and qualitative descriptive methods? Quantitative techniques use ____________ while qualitative techniques involve ____________.

A. correlational methods; experimental methods

B. experimental methods; correlational methods

C. numerical descriptions; verbal descriptions

D. verbal descriptions; numerical descriptions

Cozby Chapter 06 #1

2. When the conclusions of research are based on the interpretations of the investigator, _____________ research has been employed. However, if the conclusions are based upon statistical analyses of the data, _____________ research has been employed.

A. non-observational; observational

B. qualitative; quantitative

C. quantitative; qualitative

D. observational; non-observational

Cozby Chapter 06 #2

3. Dr. Silverman is interested in the daily activities of a group of 4th graders. He asks the children to indicate the amount of time per day they spend watching television, playing video games, and studying. This type of data gathering technique would be an example of a(n) _____________ approach.

A. organizational

B. quantitative

C. qualitative

D. experiential

Cozby Chapter 06 #3

4. A researcher wants to gather information on citizens feelings about the building of a new airport in their neighborhood. She gathers groups of citizens and engages them in a discussion about the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed airport. This type of data gathering would best be referred to as a(n) ______________ approach.

A. organizational

B. quantitative

C. qualitative

D. experiential

Cozby Chapter 06 #4

5. If you ask teenagers to describe the behaviors of their parents that most upsets them, you would be using a(n) _____________ approach of data collection.

A. correlational

B. experimental

C. qualitative

D. quantitative

Cozby Chapter 06 #5

6. When Mrs. Bush asks elementary school children to indicate the number of books they have checked out of the school library during the past month, she is using what type of observational method?

A. Methodological

B. Reactive

C. Qualitative

D. Quantitative

Cozby Chapter 06 #6

7. The goal of naturalistic observation is to

A. test theoretical hypotheses.

B. conduct experiments in real, rather than artificial, environments.

C. get quick answers to theoretical questions.

D. describe in detail a particular setting or situation.

Cozby Chapter 06 #7

8. A researcher would employ a(n) _____________ when he or she wants to describe and understand how people in a setting live, work, and experience the setting.

A. content analysis

B. experimental method

C. archival research study

D. naturalistic observation

Cozby Chapter 06 #8

9. Dr. Smith participates in a police ride-along program in order to examine the day-to-day activities of police officers. This method of gathering information may best be described as

A. archival research.

B. content analysis.

C. naturalistic observation.

D. an informational approach.

Cozby Chapter 06 #9

10. The best method to test the hypothesis that male elephants are more socially dominant than female elephants would be a(n)

A. archival research study.

B. survey.

C. case study.

D. naturalistic observation.

Cozby Chapter 06 #10

11. Michael examines self-disclosure that occurs between males and females by monitoring Internet discussion groups. Which method of research does this best illustrate?

A. Experimental

B. Archival

C. Case study

D. Naturalistic observation

Cozby Chapter 06 #11

12. Sylvia is interested in studying the parental behaviors displayed by sea turtles. She spends three months scuba diving off the Mexican coast observing and recording the range of behaviors that occur. This research method would best be categorized as

A. content analysis.

B. naturalistic observation.

C. archival research.

D. experimental methodology.

Cozby Chapter 06 #12

13. Data in naturalistic observation studies are most likely to be

A. quantitative.

B. qualitative.

C. unreliable.

D. nonempirical.

Cozby Chapter 06 #13

14. A good naturalistic observation will support the analysis by

A. testing only hypotheses that have been proposed by others.

B. using multiple confirmations.

C. using only qualitative data.

D. using only quantitative data.

Cozby Chapter 06 #14

15. In a naturalistic observation, which of the following data-collection techniques would a researcher be least likely to employ?

A. Observation of people and events

B. Interviews with key informants

C. Use audio and videotape recordings

D. Record how people respond to environmental settings manipulated by the researcher

Cozby Chapter 06 #15

16. Should an observer conceal or disclose the fact that observations are being made?

A. Concealed observation is preferred because it is less reactive.

B. Nonconcealed observation is preferred because it is less reactive.

C. Concealed observation is preferred because the observer can take more precise measurements.

D. Whether concealed or nonconcealed observation is preferred must be decided on an individual basis.

Cozby Chapter 06 #16

17. An advantage of participant over nonparticipant observation is

A. the observer may lose the objectivity needed to conduct the scientific observation.

B. the researcher may be able to experience events in the same way as natural participants.

C. it is always a more ethical research approach than nonparticipant observation.

D. the conclusions lack objectivity.

Cozby Chapter 06 #17

18. Tracy decides to employ a naturalistic observation on her sorority. A potential problem with this type of observation is she

A. may be unable to experience the day-to-day behaviors of the sorority.

B. does not know the members she is observing.

C. may lose the objectivity needed to conduct the scientific observation.

D. is not using concealed observation.

Cozby Chapter 06 #18

19. Dr. P., who belongs to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), conducts naturalistic observation research during AA meetings. Dr. P. is a __________________ observer.

A. nonparticipant

B. participant

C. concealed

D. nonconcealed

Cozby Chapter 06 #19

20. Which of the following is not an advantage to conducting a naturalistic observation?

A. It allows investigation of behaviors that occur in complex social settings.

B. It can always be scheduled at time that is convenient for the researcher.

C. It allows development of theories based on observations.

D. It allows the researcher to gather qualitative as well as quantitative data.

Cozby Chapter 06 #20

21. Naturalistic observation is less useful than other methods for

A. investigating complex social settings.

B. developing theories based on observation.

C. making observations in a natural setting over an extended period of time.

D. studying well-defined hypotheses under precisely specified conditions.

Cozby Chapter 06 #21

22. A disadvantage of naturalistic observation is

A. it can be extremely time consuming.

B. it may place the researcher in an unfamiliar setting for an extended period of time.

C. the researcher cannot always schedule the observation at a convenient time and place.

D. All of these

Cozby Chapter 06 #22

23. Naturalistic observation is generally more ____________ than systematic observation.

A. global

B. limited

C. quantitative

D. easily accomplished

Cozby Chapter 06 #23

24. A major difference between systematic observation and naturalistic observation is systematic observation

A. studies behavior in a natural setting; naturalistic observation does not.

B. employs concealed observation; naturalistic observation does not.

C. observes specific behaviors in specific settings; naturalistic observation does not.

D. is less time consuming than naturalistic observation.

Cozby Chapter 06 #24

25. What is the difference between naturalistic observation and systematic observation?

A. Naturalistic observation studies are designed to confirm previously formed hypotheses, whereas systematic observation studies are not.

B. Systematic observation studies are designed to confirm previously formed hypotheses, whereas naturalistic observation studies are not.

C. Systematic observation studies are time-consuming, while naturalistic observation studies are not.

D. None of these

Cozby Chapter 06 #25

26. Which of the following statements is least likely to be correct in comparing naturalistic to systematic observation?

A. Systematic observation studies are designed to confirm previously formed hypotheses, whereas naturalistic studies are not.

B. Data in systematic observation studies are more likely to be quantitative, whereas naturalistic studies are likely to be quantitative.

C. Systematic observation studies observe specific behaviors in specific settings, whereas naturalistic studies do not.

D. Systematic observation studies are much less global than are naturalistic observation studies.

Cozby Chapter 06 #26

27. Data in systematic observation studies are most likely to be

A. quantitative.

B. qualitative.

C. unreliable.

D. statistically significant.

Cozby Chapter 06 #27

28. In developing coding systems, they should

A. be as complex as possible.

B. not place behaviors into categories.

C. be as simple as possible.

D. include only nonverbal behaviors.

Cozby Chapter 06 #28

29. A researcher codes the nonverbal behaviors of married couples while they are discussing child-rearing methods. The researcher is using

A. naturalistic observation.

B. systematic observation.

C. a survey.

D. a case study.

Cozby Chapter 06 #29

30. Bebe observes a childs behavior after he has watched 15 minutes of violent cartoons. She codes the childs behavior every 30 seconds according to whether he hits, kicks, pushes, or bites another child. This observational technique can best be described as _____________ observation.

A. naturalistic

B. systematic

C. methodological

D. reactive

Cozby Chapter 06 #30

31. Observing horn honking and hand gestures displayed by drivers as measures of aggressive driving behavior would be a(n)

A. naturalistic observation.

B. systematic observation.

C. survey.

D. archival research.

Cozby Chapter 06 #31

32. The use of hidden cameras to record the license plate numbers of drivers who fail to obey traffic signals results in ______________ by the driver.

A. less reactance

B. greater reactance

C. less reliability

D. greater reliability

Cozby Chapter 06 #32

33. Gerald does not tell dirty jokes to his male friends when Sheila is in the room. However, when she leaves the room, he tells them the jokes. Geralds behavior is an example of

A. reliability.

B. archival research

C. validity.

D. reactivity.

Cozby Chapter 06 #33

34. Before recording any behaviors displayed by children in a third-grade classroom, Emeril visits the classroom continually for three weeks. Emerils visitations will help lessen

A. validity.

B. reactivity.

C. reliability.

D. sampling bias.

Cozby Chapter 06 #34

35. In a systematic observation study, two different people use the coding system to analyze the same videotape. The level of agreement between the two observers is then determined. This activity addresses which methodological issue in systematic observation?

A. Reactivity

B. Reliability

C. Sampling

D. Validity

Cozby Chapter 06 #35

36. In systematic observation studies, reliability is indicated by

A. high agreement among observers.

B. a high FICS score.

C. computer response recording.

D. high reactivity

Cozby Chapter 06 #36

37. Joanne and Peter are conducting a systematic observation study on childrens aggressive playground behavior. Joanne concludes that boys display more aggressive behaviors than do girls. Peter concludes the opposite. Based on these conclusions, which methodological issue would be of most concern in this study?

A. Reactivity

B. Sampling bias

C. Validity

D. Reliability

Cozby Chapter 06 #37

38. A researcher examines the accounting records of the Noren Corporation for the past five years in order to determine why the company filed for bankruptcy. This research method would best illustrate

A. systematic observation.

B. naturalistic observation.

C. a field experiment.

D. a case study.

Cozby Chapter 06 #38

39. A two-year account of the progress of a manic-depressive patient who is undergoing psychiatric care is an example of a

A. field experiment.

B. case study.

C. systematic observation.

D. naturalistic observation.

Cozby Chapter 06 #39

40. Case studies are most useful for studying

A. rare or unusual events.

B. large populations.

C. ambiguous questions.

D. cognitive variables.

Cozby Chapter 06 #40

41. Which of the following statements is least likely to be correct regarding case studies? Case studies

A. are useful for examining rare or unusual events.

B. focus on an individual person or setting.

C. allow a researcher to develop a psychobiography.

D. do not allow the development of hypotheses and testing of those hypotheses.

Cozby Chapter 06 #41

42. A _____________ is a type of case study in which research applies psychological theory to explain the life of an individual.

A. written record

B. systematic biography

C. psychobiography

D. statistical case study

Cozby Chapter 06 #42

43. A researcher conducted an in-depth examination of Jack the Ripper and concluded that there are three possible reasons for why he became a mass murderer. This research approach is an example of a

A. field experiment.

B. psychobiography.

C. systematic biography.

D. naturalistic observation.

Cozby Chapter 06 #43

44. The research approach in which the researcher does not actually collect original data but analyzes already existing data is called

A. a psychobiography.

B. a field experiment.

C. archival research.

D. statistical reporting.

Cozby Chapter 06 #44

45. Wendy examines newspaper articles to explore whether female political candidates refer to family members more often than male candidates. This study is an example of a(n)

A. survey archive.

B. psychobiography.

C. field experiment.

D. archival research.

Cozby Chapter 06 #45

46. A researcher wants to test the assertion that pioneer women committed suicide more often than pioneer men. The appropriate method to use would be a(n)

A. archival research study.

B. survey.

C. naturalistic observation study.

D. field experiment.

Cozby Chapter 06 #46

47. Harvey examines baseball records to determine whether National League teams who play the final game of the World Series at home lose more often than American League teams. Harvey is using which of the following archival research approaches?

A. Survey archives

B. Statistical records

C. Self-report

D. Anthropological data

Cozby Chapter 06 #47

48. To determine if more building permits are issued in the northern part of the county than in the southern part of the county, William examines the number of building permits issued in both counties over the last five years. William is using which of the following archival research approaches?

A. A case study

B. A field experiment

C. A survey archive

D. Statistical records

Cozby Chapter 06 #48

49. Survey archives are beneficial because

A. they allow the researcher to obtain a random sample of individuals.

B. they save a researcher time and money in collecting data.

C. many databases are available to researchers who wish to analyze them.

D. All of these

Cozby Chapter 06 #49

50. You are interested in knowing if the age of an individual and their religious affiliation are related to political conservatism. To answer this question, you analyze data available from the Inter University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). Which type of research approach have you employed?

A. A case study

B. A field experiment

C. A survey archive

D. A participant observation

Cozby Chapter 06 #50

51. James analyzed data from the National Science Foundations (NSF) General Social Survey in order to examine the relationship between education and life satisfaction. This research approach may best be categorized as a

A. naturalistic observation.

B. systematic observation.

C. survey archive.

D. content analysis.

Cozby Chapter 06 #51

52. A researcher studies letters to the editor to assess community attitudes. The researcher is using

A. statistical records.

B. survey archives.

C. written records.

D. a case study.

Cozby Chapter 06 #52

53. In a cross-cultural study on the topic of mortality, Margaret examined anthropologists descriptions of different cultures beliefs regarding life after death. Which archival approach has she most likely employed?

A. Statistical records

B. Survey archives

C. Written records

D. Self-reports

Cozby Chapter 06 #53

54. Dr. Stanley examines messages displayed on Internet bulletin boards in order to study whether males and females differ in the types and number of characteristics they use when describing themselves. What type of archival research data is Dr. Stanley using?

A. Statistical records

B. Survey archives

C. Written records

D. Video observation

Cozby Chapter 06 #54

55. Joe and Sarah examined award-winning films of the past 20 years in order to determine if there was a common theme for the story line. Which type of archival research approach have they most likely used?

A. Mass communication records

B. Survey archives

C. Systematic observation

D. Self-report

Cozby Chapter 06 #55

56. Content analysis and systematic observation are similar in that both

A. utilize a coding system of some sort.

B. depend on qualitative data.

C. are forms of archival research.

D. require concealed participation.

Cozby Chapter 06 #56

57. Dr. Bowman has developed a coding system for aggressive behaviors displayed in comic books. She has her assistants read comic books published between 1980 and 1984 and record the number of aggressive acts displayed in each comic. She also has her assistants read comic books published between 1985 and 1989 and record the number of aggressive acts displayed. This approach to studying aggressive behavior may best be categorized as

A. survey research.

B. naturalistic observation.

C. written records.

D. content analysis.

Cozby Chapter 06 #57

58. Luis studies a newspapers attitudes towards candidates for the position of Police Chief by counting the number of positive and negative comments attributed to each candidate. Luiss research approach is an example of a

A. content analysis.

B. survey archive.

C. statistical record.

D. psychobiography.

Cozby Chapter 06 #58

59. Betsy wants to determine if types of products advertised on television vary depending on the time of day. Which type of archival research approach would you suggest she employ to best address her question?

A. Survey archive

B. Content analysis

C. Statistical records

D. Written records

Cozby Chapter 06 #59

60. Television documentaries in which individuals let filmmakers record their private moments are an example of ___________________?

A. concealed observation

B. nonconcealed observation

C. low reactivity

D. archival studies

Cozby Chapter 06 #60

61. When developing a coding system for recording behaviors, it should be high in _______________?

A. reactivity

B. complexity

C. reliability

D. measurement error

Cozby Chapter 06 #61

62. Which of the following is not true of a case study?

A. always uses naturalistic observation of an individual

B. provides an in-depth description of an individual

C. can include a description of a patient by their doctor

D. provides an in-depth description of a new type of school

Cozby Chapter 06 #62

63. Abel and Kruger (2010) examined the relationship of positive emotions and longevity by examining smile intensity in photographs of major league players from 1952 and comparing it to age at time of death. This would be classified as __________________?

A. naturalistic observation

B. case study

C. archival research

D. psychobiography

Cozby Chapter 06 #63

64. Robinson and Martin (2009) used the General Social Survey (GSS) to test their hypothesis that Internet users differed from non-users in their level of optimism and other attitudes. Using the GSS to collect their data is an example of _______________?

A. survey archives

B. naturalistic observation

C. a case study

D. systematic observation

Cozby Chapter 06 #64

6 Summary

Category # of Questions
Cozby Chapter 06 64

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here