PRINCIPLES OF TAXATION FOR BUSINESS AND INVESTMENT PLANNING 16TH EDITION BY JONES TEST BANK

<< Priorities in Critical Care Nursing 7th Edition Urden Stacy Lough Test Bank Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 5th Ed By Fortinash-Test Bank >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

PRINCIPLES OF TAXATION FOR BUSINESS AND INVESTMENT PLANNING 16TH EDITION BY JONES TEST BANK

Description

WITH ANSWERS
PRINCIPLES OF TAXATION FOR BUSINESS AND INVESTMENT PLANNING 16TH EDITION BY JONES TEST BANK

Chapter 05

Tax Research

 

True / False Questions

  1. Experienced tax professionals generally can answer most tax questions without the need for tax research.
    True    False

 

  1. A single tax issue may result in multiple research questions.
    True    False

 

  1. The first step in the tax research process is to locate relevant tax law authority.
    True    False

 

  1. The final step in the tax research process is to document and communicate research conclusions.
    True    False

 

  1. Effective tax research often omits the first two steps of the tax research process.
    True    False

 

  1. Professional tax research conclusions should always be based on relevant secondary authority.
    True    False

 

  1. A research memorandum is typically less detailed than a client letter in terms of discussing supporting legal authorities.
    True    False

 

 

  1. Novice tax researchers tend to exam less material in the course of a tax research project than experienced tax researchers.
    True    False

 

  1. Tax research typically occurs as part of the tax compliance process; it is rarely important in tax planning.
    True    False

 

  1. Tax research may occur as part of tax compliance or tax planning.
    True    False

 

  1. Tax judicial decisions each have a single, unique citation.
    True    False

 

  1. In the citation Rev. Proc. 2002-32, 2002-1 C.B. 959, the abbreviation C.B. refers to Congressional Bulletin.
    True    False

 

  1. If a trial court decision has been appealed and the appellate court reversed the trial courts decision, the trial court decision is considered authoritative.
    True    False

 

  1. Private letter rulings are authoritative only for the specific taxpayer to whom they are issued and cannot be relied on as authority by any other taxpayer.
    True    False

 

 

  1. Editorial explanations provided by electronic tax services are examples of secondary authority.
    True    False

 

  1. Technical advice memoranda are considered primary authority for any taxpayer in a similar tax situation.
    True    False

 

  1. Private letter rulings and technical advice memoranda are primary authority for those taxpayers to whom they were issued.
    True    False

 

  1. The Internal Revenue Code is the primary source of statutory authority for federal income tax law.
    True    False

 

  1. Treasury regulations are considered statutory authority.
    True    False

 

  1. Revenue rulings are an example of administrative authority.
    True    False

 

  1. A revenue ruling cannot be relied on as authority by any taxpayer other than the taxpayer for whom the ruling was issued.
    True    False

 

 

  1. A taxpayer who loses a case in the U.S. Tax Court may appeal the case directly to the U.S. Supreme Court.
    True    False

 

  1. Revenue procedures are a type of secondary authority.
    True    False

 

  1. When the Supreme Court denies certiorari, the decision of the appellate court is final.
    True    False

 

  1. Secondary authorities explain and interpret the tax law in language often easier to understand than that of primary authorities.
    True    False

 

  1. Tax services are typically organized either topically or by Code section.
    True    False

 

  1. A citator may be used to determine the status of tax judicial decisions, revenue rulings, and revenue procedures.
    True    False

 

  1. The Citator is a rarely used, unimportant source of information about the status of judicial and administrative tax decisions.
    True    False

 

  1. Editorial explanations found within a tax service are a type of primary authority.
    True    False

 

 

  1. Secondary authorities should always be cited when documenting tax research conclusions.
    True    False

 

  1. Secondary authorities are typically used only by novice researchers in searching for answers to tax questions.
    True    False

 

  1. Secondary authorities organize information about primary authorities in a manner that facilitates tax research.
    True    False

 

  1. The topical index of a commercial tax service is considered primary authority.
    True    False

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is not one of the six steps in the tax research process?
    A. Understand the clients transaction and ascertain the facts.
    B. Locate relevant tax law authority.
    C. Analyze relevant authority and answer the research questions.
    D. All of the above are steps in the tax research process.

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding the tax research process is true?
    A. Before a researcher can analyze the tax consequences of a transaction, he or she must thoroughly understand the transaction.
    B. Tax research is often conducted as part of both tax compliance and tax planning activities.
    C. Tax research is a critical skill for the tax practitioner.
    D. All of the above statements are true.

 

 

  1. What is the first step in the tax research process?
    A. Discover all the facts relevant to the taxpayers transaction.
    B. Decide which tax library to use.
    C. Decide whether to read primary or secondary authority.
    D. Formulate a precise research question.

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of the six steps in the tax research process?
    A. Identify the tax issues, problems, or opportunities suggested by the facts and formulate specific research questions.
    B. Consult a commercial tax service to identify potential legal authorities.
    C. Analyze relevant authority and answer the research questions.
    D. Document your research and communicate your conclusions.

 

  1. When performing step one of the tax research process:
    A. The researcher generally can assume that the clients initial summary of the transaction is factually accurate and complete.
    B. The researcher must take into account the level of the clients tax knowledge.
    C. The clients motivation in undertaking the transaction is generally irrelevant.
    D. The researcher should presume that the client has some knowledge of the tax law.

 

  1. When performing step two of the tax research process:
    A. The identification of tax issues precedes the formulation of research questions.
    B. Research questions should be as broadly stated as possible.
    C. Each tax issue is always associated with a single research question.
    D. The order in which research questions are addressed is irrelevant.

 

  1. When performing step three of the tax research process:
    A. A commercial tax service may provide an excellent starting point.
    B. The researcher must discover all the facts concerning the clients transaction.
    C. The researcher must communicate his or her conclusions to the client.
    D. The researcher should always consult primary authorities first before turning to secondary authorities for guidance.

 

 

  1. Step five of the tax research process:
    A. Is typically performed only by novice researchers.
    B. Is required only if the researcher has made a careless mistake in a previous step.
    C. Should only be taken once.
    D. Is necessary when the researcher determines that additional facts are needed to complete the analysis of the transaction.

 

  1. Which of the following statements does not accurately describe the tax research process?
    A. A researcher may begin with any of the six steps in the process.
    B. The process is not linear because the researcher may have to repeat one or more of the steps before concluding the research.
    C. If a set of facts suggests multiple research questions, the researcher must decide on the order in which the questions should be answered.
    D. The last step in the process requires preparation of a written summary that communicates the researchers conclusions.

 

  1. When analyzing tax authorities, the researcher must decide if the authority requires a factual judgment or an evaluative judgment. The difference between the two can be described as follows:
    A. In making an evaluative judgment, the researcher can provide a definitive answer to the research question.
    B. In making a factual judgment, the authority may be subject to interpretation.
    C. In making an evaluative judgment, the researcher must draw a subjective conclusion that results in a qualified answer.
    D. There is little difference between a factual judgment and an evaluative judgment.

 

  1. When analyzing relevant legal authority:
    A. The researcher is finished only when an unambiguous answer to the research question has been located.
    B. Different sources of authority may provide conflicting answers.
    C. Interpretation and judgment on the part of the researcher is rarely required.
    D. The researcher should never give an unqualified answer to any research question.

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not generally included in a tax research memorandum?
    A. A statement of the pertinent facts
    B. An analysis of the relevant sources of authority
    C. The details of any advice given to the client as part of the research engagement
    D. A bill for fees charged to the client for the research engagement

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding documentation of research conclusions is false?
    A. A research memorandum is a permanent record of the research process.
    B. A researcher communicates his or her conclusions to the client in a letter containing information similar to that in the research memorandum.
    C. Technical references are generally inappropriate in a client letter.
    D. A research memorandum contains only research conclusions and not a detailed analysis of legal authorities supporting those conclusions.

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of the three sources of authority that comprise the federal tax law?
    A. Statutory authority
    B. Secondary authority
    C. Administrative authority
    D. Judicial authority

 

  1. Which of the following is not primary authority on which to base research conclusions?
    A. Journal of Taxation article written by a professor.
    B. Revenue ruling.
    C. U.S. Tax Court decision.
    D. U.S. Supreme Court decision.

 

  1. Which of the following is not a primary authority?
    A. Section 465 of the Internal Revenue Code
    B. Munro v. Comm., 267 F.3d 1918 (CA-8, 2004)
    C. CCH Master Tax Guide
    D. All of the above are primary authorities.

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not primary authority on which to base tax research conclusions?
    A. U.S. District Court decision
    B. Editorial in the Wall Street Journal
    C. U.S. Court of Federal Claims decision
    D. Revenue procedure

 

  1. Which of the following is primary authority on which to base research conclusions?
    A. This textbook
    B. An editorial explanation in a commercial tax service
    C. A Treasury regulation
    D. A treatise written by a tax attorney and published in a legal journal

 

  1. Which of the following is not a proper citation to a Treasury regulation?
    A. Reg. Sec. 1.61-1(a)
    B. Reg. 1.61-1(a)
    C. Reg. 1.61-1(a)
    D. Treasury Regulation 61-1(a)

 

  1. Which of the following is not a proper citation to an Internal Revenue Code section?
    A. IRC 1001
    B. Sec. 1001
    C. Section 1001
    D. 1001

 

  1. Which of the following is a proper citation to a revenue ruling?
    A. Revenue Ruling 2004 33
    B. RR 2004-33
    C. Rev. Rul. 2006-33, 2004-1 C.B. 628
    D. All of the above are proper forms for citing a Revenue Ruling

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not a citation to a primary authority?
    A. Sec. 1245
    B. Lengsfield v. Comm., 50 AFTR 1683 (CA-5, 1957)
    C. M-5800 Activities Not Engaged in for Profit Hobby Losses
    D. Rev. Proc. 2002-32, 2002-1 C.B. 959

 

  1. Based on the citation Rev. Rul. 89-157, 1989-1 C.B. 221:
    A. This revenue ruling was issued in 1989.
    B. This revenue ruling is no longer valid.
    C. The abbreviation C.B. stands for Comprehensive Bulletin.
    D. This revenue ruling appears on page 157.

 

  1. Which of the following is not administrative authority?
    A. The Internal Revenue Code
    B. Treasury regulations
    C. Revenue rulings
    D. Revenue procedures

 

  1. The U.S. Supreme Court:
    A. Typically hears hundreds of tax cases each year.
    B. May deny certiorari for a tax case because the court believes that the case involves a significant principle of law.
    C. May grant certiorari for a tax case because two or more appellate courts have rendered conflicting opinions on the proper resolution of a tax issue.
    D. Does not hear cases on tax issues.

 

  1. Which of the following primary authorities is least likely to provide a detailed description of facts to which a researcher can compare his or her clients fact pattern?
    A. Internal Revenue Code section
    B. Treasury regulation
    C. Revenue ruling
    D. Tax Court decision

 

 

  1. The advantages of electronic tax research libraries do not include:
    A. The ease with which such libraries can be updated for new developments.
    B. Portability.
    C. Speed of access and search.
    D. All of the above are advantages of electronic tax research libraries.

 

  1. Which of the following is not a commercial tax service?
    A. RIA Federal Tax Coordinator 2d
    B. CCH Federal Tax Services
    C. Tax Management Portfolios
    D. Cumulative Bulletin

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding commercial tax services is false?
    A. Commercial tax services explain and interpret the tax law.
    B. Commercial tax services organize information about primary authorities in a manner that facilitates tax research.
    C. Commercial tax services contain both primary authority and secondary authority.
    D. Consulting a commercial tax service is typically the final step rather than a preliminary step in the tax research process.

 

  1. Which of the following is not a typical strategy for using a commercial tax service?
    A. Using the topical index
    B. Using the table of contents
    C. In an electronic service, using a keyword search
    D. All of the above are typical strategies for using a commercial tax service.

 

  1. A keyword search in an electronic tax service:
    A. Allows the researcher to combine words and phrases to define the search.
    B. Is identical to using the topical index in a paper service.
    C. Is not an efficient way to conduct tax research.
    D. Cannot be restricted to only a part or portion of the data base.

 

 

  1. A citator:
    A. Is not an important tax research resource.
    B. May be used to determine the status of tax judicial decisions, revenue rulings, and revenue procedures.
    C. Is published by the federal government.
    D. Provides an editorial explanation of tax judicial decisions.

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding secondary authorities is true?
    A. Most secondary authorities are published by the federal government.
    B. Secondary authorities should never be cited as the authority for final research conclusions.
    C. Secondary authorities should always cite primary authority to support conclusions about the application of the tax law.
    D. None of the above statements is true

 

  1. In locating relevant authorities:
    A. Only a novice researcher will use secondary authorities as a guide.
    B. Experienced researchers always conduct their search in exactly the same way for every research project.
    C. Tax researchers may consult more than one tax service.
    D. Skilled researchers usually consult a broader range of library materials than novice researchers.

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding secondary authorities is false?
    A. In paper format, commercial tax services are organized either topically or by Code section.
    B. Commercial tax services provide legislative history of each Internal Revenue Code section.
    C. Only topically-organized commercial tax services provide a detailed topical index.
    D. The organization and content of the major topically-oriented services differs considerably.

 

 

  1. A keyword search using an electronic database is part of which step in the research process?
    A. Understand the clients transaction and ascertain the facts
    B. Identify the tax issues, problems, or opportunities suggested by the facts and formulate specific research questions
    C. Locate relevant tax law authority
    D. Analyze relevant authority and answer the research questions

 

  1. The use of secondary authorities might be appropriate as part of which step in the research process?
    A. Understand the clients transaction and ascertain the facts
    B. Identify the tax issues, problems, or opportunities suggested by the facts and formulate specific research questions
    C. Locate relevant tax law authority
    D. Document your research and communicate your conclusions

 

  1. Which of the following is not a secondary authority?
    A. Tax textbook
    B. Commercial tax service
    C. Tax professional journal
    D. Revenue procedure

 

 

Essay Questions

  1. Alex inherited an antique diamond bracelet from her grandmother. She is thinking of selling the bracelet to raise cash for her college tuition and wonders about the tax consequences of such a sale. If you were to research this question using a keyword search in an electronic library, what keywords would you use? Propose three distinct keyword searches.

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Using an electronic research database such as Checkpoint, CCH Tax Research NetWork, or Lexis-Nexis, perform a keyword search that includes the phrase business expense and the keyword charity. Include both primary sources and editorial materials in your search.

    a. How many documents did your search retrieve?
    b. How many documents are primary authorities and how many are secondary authorities?
    c. Provide citations to two primary authorities and two secondary authorities.

 

 

 

 

  1. Locate the revenue procedure that includes the inflation-adjusted individual tax rate schedules for 2012. This revenue procedure usually is released in the fourth quarter of the previous year. Provide a complete citation for your source.

 

 

 

 

  1. Find a tax glossary on any freely accessible Web site and provide the URL. Also find and provide a citation for the IRC section that defines the term gross income.

    a. What is the tax glossarys definition of gross income?
    b. How does the IRC define gross income?
    c. Of the two definitions, which would a taxpayer without extensive tax knowledge find easier to understand? Why?
    d. Which of the two definitions is relevant for a tax researcher? Why?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 05 Tax Research Answer Key
 

True / False Questions

  1. Experienced tax professionals generally can answer most tax questions without the need for tax research.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. A single tax issue may result in multiple research questions.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. The first step in the tax research process is to locate relevant tax law authority.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. The final step in the tax research process is to document and communicate research conclusions.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

 

  1. Effective tax research often omits the first two steps of the tax research process.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Professional tax research conclusions should always be based on relevant secondary authority.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. A research memorandum is typically less detailed than a client letter in terms of discussing supporting legal authorities.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Novice tax researchers tend to exam less material in the course of a tax research project than experienced tax researchers.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Tax research typically occurs as part of the tax compliance process; it is rarely important in tax planning.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

 

  1. Tax research may occur as part of tax compliance or tax planning.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Tax judicial decisions each have a single, unique citation.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. In the citation Rev. Proc. 2002-32, 2002-1 C.B. 959, the abbreviation C.B. refers to Congressional Bulletin.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. If a trial court decision has been appealed and the appellate court reversed the trial courts decision, the trial court decision is considered authoritative.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Private letter rulings are authoritative only for the specific taxpayer to whom they are issued and cannot be relied on as authority by any other taxpayer.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

 

  1. Editorial explanations provided by electronic tax services are examples of secondary authority.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Technical advice memoranda are considered primary authority for any taxpayer in a similar tax situation.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Private letter rulings and technical advice memoranda are primary authority for those taxpayers to whom they were issued.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. The Internal Revenue Code is the primary source of statutory authority for federal income tax law.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Treasury regulations are considered statutory authority.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

 

  1. Revenue rulings are an example of administrative authority.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. A revenue ruling cannot be relied on as authority by any taxpayer other than the taxpayer for whom the ruling was issued.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. A taxpayer who loses a case in the U.S. Tax Court may appeal the case directly to the U.S. Supreme Court.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Revenue procedures are a type of secondary authority.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. When the Supreme Court denies certiorari, the decision of the appellate court is final.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

 

  1. Secondary authorities explain and interpret the tax law in language often easier to understand than that of primary authorities.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. Tax services are typically organized either topically or by Code section.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. A citator may be used to determine the status of tax judicial decisions, revenue rulings, and revenue procedures.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. The Citator is a rarely used, unimportant source of information about the status of judicial and administrative tax decisions.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. Editorial explanations found within a tax service are a type of primary authority.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

 

  1. Secondary authorities should always be cited when documenting tax research conclusions.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. Secondary authorities are typically used only by novice researchers in searching for answers to tax questions.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. Secondary authorities organize information about primary authorities in a manner that facilitates tax research.
    TRUE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. The topical index of a commercial tax service is considered primary authority.
    FALSE

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is not one of the six steps in the tax research process?
    A.Understand the clients transaction and ascertain the facts.
    B. Locate relevant tax law authority.
    C. Analyze relevant authority and answer the research questions.
    D. All of the above are steps in the tax research process.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Which of the following statements regarding the tax research process is true?
    A.Before a researcher can analyze the tax consequences of a transaction, he or she must thoroughly understand the transaction.
    B. Tax research is often conducted as part of both tax compliance and tax planning activities.
    C. Tax research is a critical skill for the tax practitioner.
    D. All of the above statements are true.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. What is the first step in the tax research process?
    A.Discover all the facts relevant to the taxpayers transaction.
    B. Decide which tax library to use.
    C. Decide whether to read primary or secondary authority.
    D. Formulate a precise research question.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of the six steps in the tax research process?
    A.Identify the tax issues, problems, or opportunities suggested by the facts and formulate specific research questions.
    B. Consult a commercial tax service to identify potential legal authorities.
    C. Analyze relevant authority and answer the research questions.
    D. Document your research and communicate your conclusions.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. When performing step one of the tax research process:
    A.The researcher generally can assume that the clients initial summary of the transaction is factually accurate and complete.
    B. The researcher must take into account the level of the clients tax knowledge.
    C. The clients motivation in undertaking the transaction is generally irrelevant.
    D. The researcher should presume that the client has some knowledge of the tax law.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. When performing step two of the tax research process:
    A.The identification of tax issues precedes the formulation of research questions.
    B. Research questions should be as broadly stated as possible.
    C. Each tax issue is always associated with a single research question.
    D. The order in which research questions are addressed is irrelevant.

 

Difficulty: 3 Hard
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

 

  1. When performing step three of the tax research process:
    A.A commercial tax service may provide an excellent starting point.
    B. The researcher must discover all the facts concerning the clients transaction.
    C. The researcher must communicate his or her conclusions to the client.
    D. The researcher should always consult primary authorities first before turning to secondary authorities for guidance.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Step five of the tax research process:
    A.Is typically performed only by novice researchers.
    B. Is required only if the researcher has made a careless mistake in a previous step.
    C. Should only be taken once.
    D. Is necessary when the researcher determines that additional facts are needed to complete the analysis of the transaction.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Which of the following statements does not accurately describe the tax research process?
    A.A researcher may begin with any of the six steps in the process.
    B. The process is not linear because the researcher may have to repeat one or more of the steps before concluding the research.
    C. If a set of facts suggests multiple research questions, the researcher must decide on the order in which the questions should be answered.
    D. The last step in the process requires preparation of a written summary that communicates the researchers conclusions.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

 

  1. When analyzing tax authorities, the researcher must decide if the authority requires a factual judgment or an evaluative judgment. The difference between the two can be described as follows:
    A.In making an evaluative judgment, the researcher can provide a definitive answer to the research question.
    B. In making a factual judgment, the authority may be subject to interpretation.
    C. In making an evaluative judgment, the researcher must draw a subjective conclusion that results in a qualified answer.
    D. There is little difference between a factual judgment and an evaluative judgment.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. When analyzing relevant legal authority:
    A.The researcher is finished only when an unambiguous answer to the research question has been located.
    B. Different sources of authority may provide conflicting answers.
    C. Interpretation and judgment on the part of the researcher is rarely required.
    D. The researcher should never give an unqualified answer to any research question.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Which of the following is not generally included in a tax research memorandum?
    A.A statement of the pertinent facts
    B. An analysis of the relevant sources of authority
    C. The details of any advice given to the client as part of the research engagement
    D. A bill for fees charged to the client for the research engagement

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding documentation of research conclusions is false?
    A.A research memorandum is a permanent record of the research process.
    B. A researcher communicates his or her conclusions to the client in a letter containing information similar to that in the research memorandum.
    C. Technical references are generally inappropriate in a client letter.
    D. A research memorandum contains only research conclusions and not a detailed analysis of legal authorities supporting those conclusions.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Which of the following is not one of the three sources of authority that comprise the federal tax law?
    A.Statutory authority
    B. Secondary authority
    C. Administrative authority
    D. Judicial authority

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following is not primary authority on which to base research conclusions?
    A.Journal of Taxation article written by a professor.
    B. Revenue ruling.
    C. U.S. Tax Court decision.
    D. U.S. Supreme Court decision.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

 

  1. Which of the following is not a primary authority?
    A.Section 465 of the Internal Revenue Code
    B. Munro v. Comm., 267 F.3d 1918 (CA-8, 2004)
    C. CCH Master Tax Guide
    D. All of the above are primary authorities.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following is not primary authority on which to base tax research conclusions?
    A.U.S. District Court decision
    B. Editorial in the Wall Street Journal
    C. U.S. Court of Federal Claims decision
    D. Revenue procedure

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following is primary authority on which to base research conclusions?
    A.This textbook
    B. An editorial explanation in a commercial tax service
    C. A Treasury regulation
    D. A treatise written by a tax attorney and published in a legal journal

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following is not a proper citation to a Treasury regulation?
    A.Reg. Sec. 1.61-1(a)
    B. Reg. 1.61-1(a)
    C. Reg. 1.61-1(a)
    D. Treasury Regulation 61-1(a)

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

 

  1. Which of the following is not a proper citation to an Internal Revenue Code section?
    A.IRC 1001
    B. Sec. 1001
    C. Section 1001
    D. 1001

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following is a proper citation to a revenue ruling?
    A.Revenue Ruling 2004 33
    B. RR 2004-33
    C. Rev. Rul. 2006-33, 2004-1 C.B. 628
    D. All of the above are proper forms for citing a Revenue Ruling

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following is not a citation to a primary authority?
    A.Sec. 1245
    B. Lengsfield v. Comm., 50 AFTR 1683 (CA-5, 1957)
    C. M-5800 Activities Not Engaged in for Profit Hobby Losses
    D. Rev. Proc. 2002-32, 2002-1 C.B. 959

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Based on the citation Rev. Rul. 89-157, 1989-1 C.B. 221:
    A.This revenue ruling was issued in 1989.
    B. This revenue ruling is no longer valid.
    C. The abbreviation C.B. stands for Comprehensive Bulletin.
    D. This revenue ruling appears on page 157.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

 

  1. Which of the following is not administrative authority?
    A.The Internal Revenue Code
    B. Treasury regulations
    C. Revenue rulings
    D. Revenue procedures

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. The U.S. Supreme Court:
    A.Typically hears hundreds of tax cases each year.
    B. May deny certiorari for a tax case because the court believes that the case involves a significant principle of law.
    C. May grant certiorari for a tax case because two or more appellate courts have rendered conflicting opinions on the proper resolution of a tax issue.
    D. Does not hear cases on tax issues.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following primary authorities is least likely to provide a detailed description of facts to which a researcher can compare his or her clients fact pattern?
    A.Internal Revenue Code section
    B. Treasury regulation
    C. Revenue ruling
    D. Tax Court decision

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

 

  1. The advantages of electronic tax research libraries do not include:
    A.The ease with which such libraries can be updated for new developments.
    B. Portability.
    C. Speed of access and search.
    D. All of the above are advantages of electronic tax research libraries.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Which of the following is not a commercial tax service?
    A.RIA Federal Tax Coordinator 2d
    B. CCH Federal Tax Services
    C. Tax Management Portfolios
    D. Cumulative Bulletin

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. Which of the following statements regarding commercial tax services is false?
    A.Commercial tax services explain and interpret the tax law.
    B. Commercial tax services organize information about primary authorities in a manner that facilitates tax research.
    C. Commercial tax services contain both primary authority and secondary authority.
    D. Consulting a commercial tax service is typically the final step rather than a preliminary step in the tax research process.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

 

  1. Which of the following is not a typical strategy for using a commercial tax service?
    A.Using the topical index
    B. Using the table of contents
    C. In an electronic service, using a keyword search
    D. All of the above are typical strategies for using a commercial tax service.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. A keyword search in an electronic tax service:
    A.Allows the researcher to combine words and phrases to define the search.
    B. Is identical to using the topical index in a paper service.
    C. Is not an efficient way to conduct tax research.
    D. Cannot be restricted to only a part or portion of the data base.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. A citator:
    A.Is not an important tax research resource.
    B. May be used to determine the status of tax judicial decisions, revenue rulings, and revenue procedures.
    C. Is published by the federal government.
    D. Provides an editorial explanation of tax judicial decisions.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding secondary authorities is true?
    A.Most secondary authorities are published by the federal government.
    B. Secondary authorities should never be cited as the authority for final research conclusions.
    C. Secondary authorities should always cite primary authority to support conclusions about the application of the tax law.
    D. None of the above statements is true

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. In locating relevant authorities:
    A.Only a novice researcher will use secondary authorities as a guide.
    B. Experienced researchers always conduct their search in exactly the same way for every research project.
    C. Tax researchers may consult more than one tax service.
    D. Skilled researchers usually consult a broader range of library materials than novice researchers.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. Which of the following statements regarding secondary authorities is false?
    A.In paper format, commercial tax services are organized either topically or by Code section.
    B. Commercial tax services provide legislative history of each Internal Revenue Code section.
    C. Only topically-organized commercial tax services provide a detailed topical index.
    D. The organization and content of the major topically-oriented services differs considerably.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

 

  1. A keyword search using an electronic database is part of which step in the research process?
    A.Understand the clients transaction and ascertain the facts
    B. Identify the tax issues, problems, or opportunities suggested by the facts and formulate specific research questions
    C. Locate relevant tax law authority
    D. Analyze relevant authority and answer the research questions

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. The use of secondary authorities might be appropriate as part of which step in the research process?
    A.Understand the clients transaction and ascertain the facts
    B. Identify the tax issues, problems, or opportunities suggested by the facts and formulate specific research questions
    C. Locate relevant tax law authority
    D. Document your research and communicate your conclusions

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

  1. Which of the following is not a secondary authority?
    A.Tax textbook
    B. Commercial tax service
    C. Tax professional journal
    D. Revenue procedure

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

 

 

 

Essay Questions

  1. Alex inherited an antique diamond bracelet from her grandmother. She is thinking of selling the bracelet to raise cash for her college tuition and wonders about the tax consequences of such a sale. If you were to research this question using a keyword search in an electronic library, what keywords would you use? Propose three distinct keyword searches.

There are many acceptable answers to this question. Three possible keyword searches are:

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.

  1. Using an electronic research database such as Checkpoint, CCH Tax Research NetWork, or Lexis-Nexis, perform a keyword search that includes the phrase business expense and the keyword charity. Include both primary sources and editorial materials in your search.

    a. How many documents did your search retrieve?
    b. How many documents are primary authorities and how many are secondary authorities?
    c. Provide citations to two primary authorities and two secondary authorities.

The answers to this problem depend on the date on which the search is conducted and the database used.

 

Difficulty: 1 Easy
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

 

  1. Locate the revenue procedure that includes the inflation-adjusted individual tax rate schedules for 2012. This revenue procedure usually is released in the fourth quarter of the previous year. Provide a complete citation for your source.

Rev. Proc. 2011-52, 2011-45 IRB 10/20/2011.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-01 Understand and apply the six steps of the tax research process.
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.

  1. Find a tax glossary on any freely accessible Web site and provide the URL. Also find and provide a citation for the IRC section that defines the term gross income.

    a. What is the tax glossarys definition of gross income?
    b. How does the IRC define gross income?
    c. Of the two definitions, which would a taxpayer without extensive tax knowledge find easier to understand? Why?
    d. Which of the two definitions is relevant for a tax researcher? Why?

 

The MSN Money Tax Glossary can be found at: http//moneycentral.msn.com/taxes/glossary. It defines gross income as Your total income before adjustments, deductions, or exemptions. IRC Section 61(a) defines gross income as follows:
(a) General definition.
Except as otherwise provided in this subtitle, gross income means all income from whatever source derived, including (but not limited to) the following items:

 

 

(1) Compensation for services, including fees, commissions, fringe benefits, and similar items;
(2) Gross income derived from business;
(3) Gains derived from dealings in property;
(4) Interest;
(5) Rents;
(6) Royalties;
(7) Dividends;
(8) Alimony and separate maintenance payments;
(9) Annuities;
(10) Income from life insurance and endowment contracts;
(11) Pensions;
(12) Income from discharge of indebtedness;
(13) Distributive share of partnership gross income;
(14) Income in respect of a decedent; and
(15) Income from an interest in an estate or trust.

A taxpayer without extensive tax knowledge would find the Tax Glossary definition easier to understand because it is shorter and less technical. However, the IRC definition is more relevant for a tax researcher because it represents primary authority.

 

Difficulty: 2 Medium
Learning Objective: 05-02 Identify primary sources of tax law.
Learning Objective: 05-03 Utilize secondary sources of tax law to locate primary authorities.

Chapter 11

The Corporate Taxpayer

 

True / False Questions

  1. In terms of dispersal of ownership, corporations are classified as either closely held or publicly held.
    True    False

 

  1. The corporate characteristic of limited liability is more important to the shareholders than the characteristic of centralized management.
    True    False

 

  1. The stock of closely held corporations is typically restricted as to transferability by some type of buy-sell agreement.
    True    False

 

  1. The federal tax law considers the member corporations of an affiliated group to be a single entity for federal tax purposes. An example of this treatment is the requirement to share the 15% tax bracket.
    True    False

 

  1. At least three corporations are required to form an affiliated group.
    True    False

 

  1. An affiliated group consists of a parent company that directly owns 80% of at least one subsidiary corporation plus all other subsidiaries that are 80% owned within the group.
    True    False

 

 

  1. The corporate characteristic of free transferability exists if the corporate stock is subject to a buy-sell agreement.
    True    False

 

  1. A nonprofit corporation may incur a federal income tax if it has unrelated business income.
    True    False

 

  1. Eagle, Inc. made a contribution to the Boy Scouts of $25,000 during its current tax year. The corporations taxable income before any charitable contribution deduction was $200,000. The corporation has a current charitable contribution deduction of $25,000.
    True    False

 

  1. Bisou Inc. made a $48,200 contribution to charity this year. Only $39,000 of the contribution was deductible. Bisou can carry the $9,200 nondeductible contribution back three years and forward five years.
    True    False

 

  1. A nondeductible charitable contribution is a permanent book/tax difference.
    True    False

 

  1. Dividends-received deductions generally are not allowed for dividends from foreign corporations.
    True    False

 

  1. The dividends-received deduction is equal to 80% of any dividends-received by a corporate taxpayer.
    True    False

 

 

  1. Donatoni Corporation owns 40% of Market, Inc. voting common stock. During the current year, Donatoni received a $30,000 dividend from Market. Donatoni must report the dividend as gross income, and is allowed a $21,000 dividends-received deduction.
    True    False

 

  1. Rogers, Inc. owns 12% of Lampe Corporations voting common stock. During the current year, Rogers generated $50,000 operating income and received $8,000 dividends from Lampe. Only $1,600 of the dividend is taxable.
    True    False

 

  1. The purpose of Schedule M-1 is to explain the differences between financial statement income and taxable income.
    True    False

 

  1. The Schedule M-3 reconciliation requires less detailed information than the M-1 reconciliation.
    True    False

 

  1. Hearth, Inc. reported $30,000 of depreciation expense on its financial statements. For federal income tax purposes, it deducted depreciation of $35,000. This book/tax difference would result in an increase to net income per books on the Schedule M-1 or M-3.
    True    False

 

  1. For a consolidated group of corporations, Schedule M-3 reconciles worldwide financial statement net income to the financial statement net income of those corporations permitted to be included in the U.S. consolidated tax return group.
    True    False

 

 

  1. The taxable income earned by a personal service corporation is taxed at a flat rate of 35%.
    True    False

 

  1. The rate schedule for determining the regular tax liability of a corporation includes rates ranging from 15% to 39%.
    True    False

 

  1. Corporations with taxable incomes in excess of $18,333,333 have a 35% marginal tax rate and a 35% average tax rate.
    True    False

 

  1. Generally, the corporate income tax is computed on a proportionate rate schedule.
    True    False

 

  1. A corporate taxpayer would prefer a $50,000 deduction to a $50,000 credit.
    True    False

 

  1. For a corporate taxpayer in the 34% marginal tax bracket, a $20,000 tax credit is equivalent to a $58,824 tax deduction.
    True    False

 

  1. Most tax credits for which a corporate taxpayer would be eligible are nonrefundable.
    True    False

 

 

  1. Angel Corporations current-year regular tax liability is $40,000. Angel is eligible for a general business credit of $45,000. The corporation will receive a $5,000 refund of federal income tax.

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here