Pediatric Skills 3rd Edition by Solomon Obrien Test Bank

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Pediatric Skills 3rd Edition by Solomon Obrien Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS
Pediatric Skills 3rd Edition by Solomon OBrien

Solomon: Pediatric Skills for Occupational Therapy Assistants, 3rd Edition

 

Chapter 02: Family System

 

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. On what does the success of home-based intervention with children with disabilities most depend?
  2. The conceptual framework guiding the intervention
  3. The degree to which the intervention is supported by research
  4. The extent to which the family is involved in its design and implementation
  5. The skill of the practitioner in implementing therapy activities with children

 

ANS: C

 

  1. Which statement best describes a family-centered approach to intervention?
  2. Families are told to put their children in the hands of specialists who will design and implement therapy.
  3. Families receive special training and instruction about disabilities.
  4. Practitioners develop intervention plans in collaboration with families.
  5. Practitioners tell families how to treat and educate their children.

 

ANS: C

 

  1. Which statement is true concerning working with families according to family systems theory?
  2. Families with children with disabilities have lots of problems and cannot rely on their instincts and natural abilities to parent their children.
  3. The practitioner is always right when there is a disagreement with the family.
  4. There is always one correct way or set of procedures that work with all families.
  5. None of the above is true.

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which life cycle event(s) is(are) considered normal for families with children?
  2. Child entering puberty
  3. Child having frequent hospitalizations
  4. Childs school entry
  5. Both A and C
  6. All of the above

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which factor allows you to predict how a family will adapt to a crisis?
  2. Cannot necessarily predict adaptation
  3. Income level
  4. Past experience with crises
  5. Marital status

 

ANS: A

 

  1. What is meant by reframing as a perceptual coping strategy?
  2. Giving up and asking someone else to take charge
  3. Ignoring a problem
  4. Redefining a problem so that there are parts of the problem that can be managed and dealt with
  5. Taking up a hobby such as picture framing

 

ANS: C

 

  1. What is meant by solution-focused curiosity?
  2. Analyzing family records and documents to assess family needs
  3. Finding out as much about a family as possible, even if it means asking personal questions
  4. Sharing information with your colleagues about family problems you encounter in practice
  5. Showing nonjudgmental interest in families as a way of developing solutions to challenges

 

ANS: D

 

  1. What is the best approach if a family consistently misses therapy appointments?
  2. Give up because the family does not care about the child and does not understand the value of therapy.
  3. Keep the therapy goals and continue to make appointments in hopes that the family will cooperate.
  4. Report the family to the proper authorities to be investigated for negligence.
  5. Reestablish the goals of therapy with family.

 

ANS: D

 

  1. What is an important message to convey to families when first meeting them?
  2. Demonstrate an interest in their child and respect for what the family is doing to support and parent their children.
  3. Professionals have all of the answers.
  4. The road ahead with a child with disabilities will be hard.
  5. Therapy is the single most important activity in their childs life.

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Which general systems theory principle refers to the capacity for change?
  2. Equifinality
  3. Morphogenetic
  4. Morphostatic
  5. Volition

 

ANS: B

 

  1. In what role is the OT practitioner using when they provide the family with a schedule for wearing a splint?
  2. Prescriptive
  3. Consultative
  4. Adaptive
  5. Resourceful

 

ANS: A

 

  1. What type of role is the OT practitioner using when developing a schedule for wearing a splint that incorporates the natural family routines?
  2. Prescriptive
  3. Consultative
  4. Adaptive
  5. Resourceful

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Recent changes in service delivery have changed OT practitioners roles. Which of the following is not part of the OT practitioners duties?
  2. Assessing family interests, priorities, and concerns
  3. Observing daily routines of children and their families
  4. Sharing information with families about intervention strategies
  5. Helping families develop a household budget to meet all their needs

 

ANS: D

 

  1. What is one of the first steps in establishing trust with a family?
  2. Identify outcomes that family members desire.
  3. Prove that you are the expert and have the answers.
  4. Use complicated language to impress the family.
  5. Have a clear plan already established to show you are in charge.

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Which essential skill for successful intervention with families is most closely shown in the following scenario? The OT practitioner asks the parents what they hope to achieve by coming to therapy. The practitioner seeks to determine how the child spends her day and what problems occur so that they can develop an intervention plan.
  2. Acknowledgement
  3. Continuity
  4. Collaborative goal setting
  5. Solution-focused interest

 

ANS: C

 

Solomon: Pediatric Skills for Occupational Therapy Assistants, 3rd Edition

 

Chapter 14: Childhood and Adolescent Obesity

 

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. What is the category for a body mass index (BMI) value that falls in the 96th percentile?
  2. Healthy weight
  3. Overweight
  4. Obese
  5. Morbidly obese

 

ANS: C

 

  1. What is the BMI based on?
  2. Height, weight, age, gender
  3. Height, age, grade
  4. Height, weight, body fat
  5. Height, body fat measures, grade

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Which factor is not associated with childhood obesity?
  2. Quality of diet
  3. Level of physical activity
  4. Family history of obesity
  5. Living in a ranch house

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which statement reflects the trend in physical activity as children get older?
  2. Participation in activity declines across childhood and into adolescence.
  3. Adolescents are more physically active than preschool children.
  4. Puberty slows down the need for physical activity.
  5. Sedentary activities replace active activities as a person ages.

 

ANS: A

 

  1. What is the problem with sedentary activities (e.g., playing computer games) in regard to obesity?
  2. They require a low expenditure of energy.
  3. They displace high-energy activities.
  4. They place visual strain on the eyes.
  5. Children eat while they play.

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Which is not a factor associated with obesity in children?
  2. Foods are used as a reward.
  3. There is a lack of effective intervention.
  4. Children are offered limited education on healthy nutrition.
  5. Children are unmotivated to change.

 

ANS: D

 

  1. What can an occupational therapy (OT) practitioner do to engage the family in establishing health habits?
  2. Make complex suggestions that require major life changes.
  3. Engage the whole family in simple habit changes.
  4. Keep things private and encourage the family not to seek support from others.
  5. Make the family members feel guilty about their poor health habits.

 

ANS: B

 

  1. What percentage of children or adolescents who are overweight report being teased compared with 15% of those of average weight?
  2. 100%
  3. 45%
  4. 15%
  5. 0%

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Into what category do children with Down syndrome who develop obesity fall?
  2. Obesity due to genetic or metabolic disorders
  3. Obesity due to developmental or congenital disorders
  4. Obesity as a primary disorder
  5. Obesity due to chronic health disorder

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Which intervention approach helps children identify their thinking and behaviors that may be interfering with making healthy food choices and participating in physical activity?
  2. Social learning theory
  3. Health education
  4. Behavioral modification
  5. Cognitive-behavioral therapy

 

ANS: D

 

  1. Which strategy is not recommended for managing and preventing obesity in children and adolescents?
  2. Set many short-term, achievable goals at a time.
  3. Address issues of health rather than weight.
  4. Encourage the child to have regular sleeping hours.
  5. Do not completely deny child occasional sweets or soda.

 

ANS: A

 

  1. What is the recommended physical activity level for children?
  2. Vigorous activity for 1 hour daily
  3. Moderate activity for 30 minutes daily
  4. Quiet activity all day long
  5. Outdoor play for at least 20 minutes daily

 

ANS: A

 

  1. What is not considered a core value to a program to prevent childhood obesity?
  2. Social participation
  3. Health education
  4. Moderate to high physical activity
  5. Including only obese children

 

ANS: D

 

  1. According to Kielhofner, what is one way to target childhood obesity?
  2. Through volitionengage children in activities they will sustain over time.
  3. Change the environment so that children are not allowed sweets or fats.
  4. Through habitsengage children in 2 hours of physical training each day.
  5. Through performanceencourage children to work out more intensely each day.

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Poor body image in girls has been shown to predict which of the following?
  2. Poor grades and immaturity
  3. Sexual promiscuity and poor grades
  4. Depression and binge eating
  5. Delayed motor skills and poor abstract reasoning

 

ANS: C

 

 

Solomon: Pediatric Skills for Occupational Therapy Assistants, 3rd Edition

 

Chapter 28: Animal-Assisted Services

 

Test Bank

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Of what is hippotherapy an example?
  2. Animal-assisted therapy
  3. Therapy for zoo animals
  4. Physical therapy
  5. Water therapy

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Henry will ride a horse for 10 minutes on trails is an example of what?
  2. Occupation of childhood
  3. Means to improve balance
  4. Physical therapy
  5. Recreational therapy

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Jack, a Bernese mountain dog, has been trained to pull Carrie as she sits in her wheelchair. Jack is also able to bring Carrie items and carry her backpack. What type of dog is Jack?
  2. Guide dog
  3. Hearing dog
  4. Pet dog
  5. Service dog

 

ANS: D

 

  1. What type of animals are frogs and salamanders?
  2. Amphibians
  3. Invertebrates
  4. Mammals
  5. Reptiles

 

ANS: A

 

  1. Which factor is most important for the occupational therapy (OT) practitioner to consider when using an animal as an occupation for children?
  2. Family and childs pets
  3. Parental income and educational level
  4. Practitioners comfort with animals
  5. Transportability of pet

 

ANS: A

 

  1. What is the role of the North American Riding for the Handicapped Association?
  2. Ensure the care and well-being of horses.
  3. Fund horses and riding equipment.
  4. Improve the OT practitioners clinical skills.
  5. Promote safe therapeutic horse activities.

 

ANS: D

 

  1. What is the role of the OT practitioner during a hippotherapy session?
  2. Help the child successfully ride the horse.
  3. Improve the childs communication skills.
  4. Improve the childs posture and balance.
  5. Teach the child to ride properly.

 

ANS: A

 

  1. George enjoys lifting the bowl of water and feeding his dog every day. The Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant (COTA) incorporates this activity into Georges morning sessions to improve Georges upper extremity strength. How is she using this activity?
  2. Animal-assisted therapy
  3. Diversion
  4. Modality
  5. Occupation

 

ANS: C

 

  1. George is unable to lift the heavy bowl. The COTA provides him with a lighter-weight bowl so that he can feed the dog on his own. How has the OT practitioner used the activity?
  2. Animal-assisted therapy
  3. Diversion
  4. Modality
  5. Occupation

 

ANS: D

 

  1. The COTA designed an activity of digging through the dirt to find insects. What client factor is the OT practitioner most likely targeting with this activity?
  2. Balance
  3. Gross motor skills
  4. Tactile discrimination
  5. Timing and sequencing

 

ANS: C

 

  1. The parent of a 3-year-old boy does not like her child digging through the dirt. What is the best response to the parents concern?
  2. Continue the activity if it is good for the child.
  3. Modify the activity in collaboration with the parent.
  4. Provide the activity in the home program.
  5. Stop the activity and never bring it up again.

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Karli, a 7-year-old girl, lives on a farm, where she is responsible for feeding the chickens, dogs, and cats. Karli is currently in the hospital after a burn accident. Which activity will Karli most likely enjoy and help her grasp with her burned right hand?
  2. Caring for the hospital fish and cats
  3. Reading about life on the farm
  4. Watching videos about farm life
  5. Walking on the treadmill in the OT clinic

 

ANS: A

 

  1. What is the role of animals in OT practice?
  2. Animals should not be allowed in the clinic.
  3. Animals may help clients reach their goals.
  4. Pet care is considered a social work goal.
  5. OT practitioners must be trained to care for animals.

 

ANS: B

 

  1. Why would an OT practitioner choose to incorporate a dog in a session with a child who has behavioral and emotional difficulties?
  2. The practitioner has not thought this through clearly; the child may hurt the animal.
  3. The practitioner hopes the animal will scare the child into behaving positively.
  4. The practitioner has nowhere to bring her dog on that day.
  5. Animals can be calming and help children develop concern and self-confidence.

 

ANS: D

 

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