Race Ethnicity Gender and Class The Sociology of Group Conflict and Change 7th Edition by Joseph F. Healey Eileen O rien Test Bank

Race Ethnicity Gender and Class The Sociology of Group Conflict and Change  7th Edition by Joseph F. Healey Eileen O rien  Test Bank
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Description

1. The creation of minority group status for Mexican Americans reflected the dynamics of:
@ Answer Location: The Importance of Subsistence Technology; Question Type: MC
a. a society in the early stages of industrialization
*b. an agrarian society
c. a society that had a long history of positive and productive contacts with Hispanic societies
d. a society that was turning to commerce after the end of the Gold Rush of 1849
e. a society that needed slaves and tenant farmers

2. Which group benefited most from the continuing industrialization of the United States in the 20th century?
@ Answer Location: The Importance of Subsistence Technology; Question Type: MC
*a. The descendants of European immigrants
b. African Americans
c. Chinese Americans
d. Puerto Ricans
e. Mexican Americans

3. Since the 1960s, many minority spokespersons have questioned the wisdom of becoming assimilated in the United States because:
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
*a. they do not want to be a part of a society constructed by the systematic exploitation of minority groups
b. they prefer to be given a location where they can set up their own societies
c. Both A and B above
d. None of the above

4. Only ______ seem to approximate the traditional model of assimilation.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. Chinese American groups
b. Hispanic American groups
*c. European American ethnic groups
d. American Indian groups

5. In some ways, ethnicity can be a positive force for people because it:
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. helps locate them in time and space
b. helps them understand their position in contemporary society
c. brings them special government benefits
*d. Both A and B above
e. All of the above

6. The United States has become more tolerant and open, and minority group members can be found at the highest levels of success, affluence, and prestige. One of the most obvious changes is:
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: MC
a. the demise of blatant bigotry in public
b. the disappearance of negative intergroup feelings and stereotypes
*c. the decline of traditional racism and prejudice
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

7. The view that holds that once Jim Crowtype segregation ended in the 1960s the opportunity channels and routes of upward mobility of U.S. society were open to all persons is called:
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: MC
*a. symbolic racism
b. institutional discrimination
c. personal prejudice
d. None of the above

8. Which factor determines the outcome of the original contact situation between dominant and minority groups?
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
a. The goals of the minority group
b. The size of the dominant group
*c. The prejudice of the dominant group
d. The differential in power between the dominant and minority groups
e. Competition for scarce goods and services

9. Michelle is a poor African American woman. Her race, class, and gender may combine to produce a unique kind of inequality. The concept that describes this phenomenon is known as:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Patricia Hill Collins; Question Type: MC
*a. matrix of domination
b. Marxs class oppression
c. minority group
d. triple discrimination
e. triple melting pot

10. The distinction between prejudice and discrimination is that:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Key Concepts in DominantMinority Relations; Question Type: MC
a. prejudice is a behavior; discrimination is an attitude
*b. prejudice is an attitude; discrimination is a behavior
c. prejudice is an ideology; discrimination is an attitude
d. prejudice is an attitude; discrimination is an ideology
e. prejudice is a feeling; discrimination involves ways of thinking

11. Institutional discrimination is often difficult to identify and measure because:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Key Concepts in DominantMinority Relations; Question Type: MC
a. it usually is masked by overt racism
*b. the individuals who implement it may be nonprejudiced and unaware of what they are doing
c. it ended decades ago, and we have to rely on historical accounts to conduct research
d. it affects only the most outspoken and angry members of minority groups
e. it is virtually nonexistent today

12. You hear someone on the bus say that all women cry easily and all Jews are greedy. These are examples of:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Key Concepts in DominantMinority Relations; Question Type: MC
a. prejudice
b. individual discrimination
c. institutional discrimination
*d. stereotypes
e. oppression

13. Evidence presented in this text supports the view that minority groups ______:
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. may assimilate in a linear, step-by-step process
b. may acculturate before or after integration
c. may prefer ethnic enclaves and pluralism
d. may become increasingly committed to their ethnic and/or racial group over time
*e. All of the above

14. Which of the following is true?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
*a. Pluralism has increased in prominence since the 1960s.
b. The goal of assimilation has been completely abandoned in modern American society.
c. Assimilation has become much more popular among American minority groups since the 1960s.
d. The goal of a pluralistic society has been abandoned as completely unrealistic.
e. All of the above

15. Which of the following groups is the most acculturated?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. Mexican Americans
b. Chinese Americans
c. Cuban Americans
*d. African Americans
e. Korean Americans

16. Which of the following groups is the least integrated?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. African Americans
b. Japanese Americans
c. Cuban Americans
*d. Native Americans
e. Mexican Americans

17. Which of the following groups is the poorest?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. African Americans
*b. Native Americans
c. Japanese Americans
d. Cuban Americans
e. Mexican Americans

18. Which of the following groups formed ethnic enclaves?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. Cuban Americans and Puerto Ricans
b. Japanese and Native Americans
*c. Cuban and Chinese Americans
d. Jewish and Mexican Americans
e. Armenians and Bulgarians

19. Which group best fits the traditional model of assimilation?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
*a. Protestant old immigrants from Northern and Western Europe
b. Japanese Americans
c. Asian immigrants after 1965
d. Jewish Americans
e. Cuban Americans

20. Which of the following is not a fairly recent improvement in the lives of minorities today?
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: MC
a. The United States has become more tolerant and open.
b. Minority members can be found at the highest levels of success, affluence, and prestige.
c. The strong racism of the past is no longer primary.
d. Jim Crow laws no longer exist.
*e. The overt bigotry of the past has been replaced with blindness and indifference, unsympathetic to change.

21. The text argues that the most serious problems facing contemporary minority groups are:
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: MC
a. problems of prejudice and discrimination
b. cultural problems such as inappropriate or self-destructive values
*c. structural or institutional problems such as the lack of jobs in the inner city
d. the individualistic pursuit of success that has been so typical of American minority groups
e. the continuous presence of color consciousness

22. The population of the United States is currently:
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. affected by long-standing unresolved minority issues
b. affected by rising immigration rates
c. increasingly diverse
d. increasingly multilingual
*e. All of the above

23. Which of the following is not one of the defining characteristics of a minority group?
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, What Is a Minority Group?; Question Type: MC
a. Inequality
b. A pattern of disadvantage or inequality
c. Visible identifying traits or characteristics
*d. Small group size
e. Usually determined by birth

24. Which of the following best fits Blauners definition of an immigrant group?
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
a. African Americans
b. Mexican Americans
*c. Chinese Americans
d. Native Americans
e. All of the above

25. Stratification is another term for:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Patterns of Inequality; Question Type: MC
a. prejudice
b. discrimination
*c. the unequal distribution of valued resources
d. status symbol
e. All of the above

26. Variations in human skin color:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Race and Human Evolution; Question Type: MC
*a. balance the dangers of exposure to sunlight with the need for vitamin D
b. have no relationship to climate or geography
c. are inversely related to the concentration of melanin: the greater the melanin, the lighter the skin
d. are related to the distance of the equators: the closer to the equator, the lighter the skin color
e. have clear and definite points of demarcation

27. Women can be viewed as a minority group because:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Gender; Question Type: MC
a. there are fewer women than men in the United States
b. they are physically identifiable as different from men
c. they have a consciousness of being different from men
d. they have less property, prestige, and power in our society
*e. Both B and D above

28. When entire groups are treated unfairly and unequally in the institutions of the larger society, this is called:
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Key Concepts in DominantMinority Relations; Question Type: MC
*a. institutional discrimination
b. prejudice
c. racism
d. societal prejudice
e. personal discrimination

29. As society becomes more diverse with new immigrants and deals with unresolved minority grievances, what are the issues that threaten stability?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
*a. Split labor markets, racial and ethnic stratification, urban poverty, and institutional discrimination
b. Race relations, unemployment, crime, and poverty
c. Health, income, residence, and resources
d. All of the above

30. What decade saw a reassertion of ethnicity and loyalty to old identities?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. 1950s
*b. 1960s
c. 1970s
d. 1980s

31. The old racist feelings are now being expressed in other guises such as:
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: MC
*a. symbolic racism
b. job discrimination
c. prejudice
d. overt discrimination

32. The postindustrial society in the United States is helped by ______ immigrants, whereas the secondary labor market is supplied by ______ immigrant workers.
@ Answer Location: The Importance of Subsistence Technology; Question Type: MC
a. agrarian; early
b. early; agrarian
c. undocumented; highly educated
*d. highly educated; undocumented

33. The conditions under which the minority group and dominant group first come into contact with each other is referred to as:
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
*a. the contact situation
b. cultural pluralism
c. structural assimilation
d. the Noel hypothesis

34. The minority groups in the textbook are presented in order from ______ to ______.
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
*a. most colonized; most immigrant
b. least discriminated against; most discriminated against
c. furthest from the United States; closest to the United States
d. largest group; smallest group

35. According to the Noel hypothesis, the outcome of the contact situation is determined by:
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
a. ethnocentrism
b. the dominant group
c. competition
*d. differential in power

36. All of the following are limitations to a minority groups ability to pursue its own self-interest except:
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
*a. large group size
b. language barriers
c. divided within-group loyalties
d. lack of resources

37. In general, colonized groups are at a ______ power disadvantage compared to immigrant groups.
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
*a. greater
b. reduced
c. beneficial
d. limited

38. Jobs, welfare reform, and health care are examples of issues that are also objects of:
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
a. personalization
b. determinism
*c. competition
d. ethnocentrism

39. Which hypothesis can be literally and directly applied to LGBTs?
@ Answer Location: The Importance of the Contact Situation, Group Competition, and Power; Question Type: MC
a. The Blauner hypothesis
b. The Portia hypothesis
c. The Null hypothesis
*d. The Noel hypothesis

40. All of the cultures examined in the text have ______ traditions.
@ Answer Location: The Importance of Intersectionality; Question Type: MC
a. weak
*b. patriarchal
c. egalitarian
d. subliminal

41. Which minority group is the most acculturated?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. Native Americans
b. Mexican Americans
c. Korean Americans
*d. African Americans

42. Survival and success in America for all minority groups has had more to do with ______ than with ______.
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: MC
a. the drive to succeed; racial barriers
*b. group processes; individual motivation
c. colonization; immigration
d. an inner resilience; institutional discrimination

43. Which statement accurately reflects the role of diversity in U.S. society?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. The United States is the most diverse country in the world and is a model of success for the global community.
*b. Diversity is a fundamental and essential characteristic of U.S. society and can be a strength to be cherished and encouraged.
c. U. S. society owes its prosperity and prominence to individuals in the dominant group who have fought for racial equality.
d. Diversity in the United States illustrates the fact that all minorities can achieve the American Dream if they work hard enough.

44. According to the authors, a fundamental question for our future is:
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: MC
a. Should we focus on unity or diversity?
*b. What blend of pluralism and assimilation will serve us best in the 21st century?
c. How can we enhance pluralism and separatism?
d. Which actions will facilitate an increase in personal accountability for both dominant and minority groups?

45. The individualistic view of social mobility is consistent with human capital and melting pot ideologies.
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

46. Assimilation is typically a linear, inevitable process.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

47. In general, diversity is bad and unity is good in a society.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

48. This text supports the idea that most assimilation in the United States is a linear, inevitable process.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

49. Institutional discrimination is always obvious, overt, and intentionally discriminatory.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Institutional Discrimination; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

50. The diversity within a minority group is minimal compared to the diversity between groups.
@ Answer Location: The Importance of Intersectionality; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

51. Native Americans are probably the least assimilated minority group due to their high rates of intermarriage.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

52. African Americans are highly acculturated but not highly integrated into American society.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

53. Among Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans, the amount of assimilation may vary significantly, depending on newness of immigration, language skills, and to which generation they belong.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

54. The author suggests that the question for the future might not be so much unity or diversity as what blend of pluralistic and assimilationist policies will serve us best into the 21st century?
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

55. According to the author, survival and success in America for all minority groups has more to do with group processes than individual will or motivation.
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

56. Members of ethnic minority groups cannot also be members of racial minority groups.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, What Is a Minority Group?; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

57. Intersectionality refers to the complexities of differences within groups that have been discussed within the text.
@ Answer Location: Summary; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

58. Societies are divided into horizontal layers (or strata) called social classes. These classes differ from one another in the amount of resources they command.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, Patterns of Inequality; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

59. The most important characteristic of a subordinate minority group is that it is dominated by a more powerful group.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 1, What Is a Minority Group?; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

60. The United States can best be described as a melting pot of people of different cultures coming together to create a unique society.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

61. Assimilation in the United States generally has been a coercive and one-sided process described as Anglo-conformity.
@ Answer Location: Assimilation and Pluralism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

62. Today, white ethnic groups are equal with (or above) national norms in terms of average income, education, unemployment, and other measures of economic success.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 2, Integration and Equality; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

63. Pluralism is often couched in the language of multiculturalism, a term for a variety of programs and ideas that stress mutual respect for all groups and for the multiple heritages that shaped the United States.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 2, Pluralism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

64. An example of cultural assimilation or acculturation would be an immigrant from India changing his or her eating habits to American foods such as hamburgers and french fries instead of curry and rice.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 2, Milton Gordon; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

65. An example of integration at the secondary level is intermarriage with members of the dominant group on a large-scale basis.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 2, Milton Gordon; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

66. There is so much sadness, misery, and unfairness in the history of minority groups that evidence of progress sometimes goes unnoticed.
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

67. Survival and success in the United States for all minority groups has had more to do with group processes than with individual will or motivation.
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

68. Since the middle of the 20th century, minority groups have demanded greater openness, fairness, equality, respect for their traditions, and justice.
@ Answer Location: Minority-Group Progress and the Ideology of American Individualism; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

69. Problems of minority group equality and access will eventually solve themselves or fade away.
@ Answer Location: A Final Word; Question Type: TF
a. True
*b. False

70. The United States is neither the most nor the least diverse country in the world.
@ Answer Location: A Final Word; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

71. The tensions and resentments we have studied in the United States are mirrored in the global system of societies.
@ Answer Location: A Final Word; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

72. Minority-group females are doubly oppressed.
@ Answer Location: Chapter 4, Gender Relations; Question Type: TF
*a. True
b. False

Type: E
73. Characterize each of the major U.S. minority groups as high or low on both acculturation and integration. Which is most and least acculturated? Most and least integrated? Be sure to identify and explain important variations with each of the major groups (e.g., within Asian and Hispanic Americans).
@ Question Type: ESS
*a. Varies

Type: E
74. How would you account for the patterns you describe above? Why do groups vary in levels of acculturation and integration? Be sure to apply the Blauner and Noel hypotheses in your explanation.
@ Question Type: ESS
*a. Varies

Type: E
75. What major modes of incorporation into U.S. society have been followed by U.S. minority groups? Which of these different modes are associated with higher levels of success and affluence in the United States? Which are associated with lower levels of success and affluence? Why?
@ Question Type: ESS
*a. Varies

Type: E
76. Imagine that a new minority group, one with no ethnic or racial ties to any we have discussed in this text, is entering U.S. society. What factors would you expect to be especially important in shaping the contact period? Why? What advice would you give this group? What pathways into U.S. society or strategies for adaptation would you recommend? Of all the groups we have discussed in this course, which one would you recommend as a model to a new minority group? Why?
@ Question Type: ESS
*a. Varies

Type: E
77. All things considered, is a sense of ethnicity (a sense of identification with and loyalty to ones group) good or bad? Harmful or helpful? What would be lost if Americans lost their sense of ethnicity? What would be gained? How would society be strengthened? Weakened?
@ Question Type: ESS
*a. Varies

Type: E
78. Explain this statement: As we begin the 21st century, the dilemmas of Americas minority groups remain perhaps the primary unresolved domestic issue facing the nation. How might you personally be affected?
@ Question Type: ESS
*a. Varies

Type: E
79. Discuss the acculturation and integration of African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanic Americans today.
@ Question Type: ESS
*a. Varies

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



Welcome to Test bank Fan

 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here