Race and Crime 4th Edition by Shaun L. Gabbidon Test bank

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Race and Crime 4th Edition by Shaun L. Gabbidon Test bank

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Chapter 2: Extent of Crime and Victimization

* Note to the instructor: Objective, short answer and essay questions are available for each chapter. Answers are provided for objective questions only.

Objective Questions

1. What is the primary source of arrest statistics?
a. Bureau of Justice Statistics
b. DEA
*c. Uniform Crime Reports
d. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Introduction (p. 38)
Question type: MC

2. Which racial category was not included in the 1933 UCR when racial categories first appeared?
a. Black
*b. Native American
c. Whites
d. Others
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Definitions of Racial Categories (p. 47)
Question type: MC

3. _____________is a type of crime-related statistic that preceded the collection of arrest statistics.
*a. Judicial
b. Slave whippings
c. Reformatory
d. Truancy
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: History of Crime and Victimization Statistics in the United States (p. 43)
Question type: MC

4. How many offenses currently compromise what was formerly known as the FBIs Part I Offenses?
a. 1
b. 2
*c. 8
d. 12
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: The Uniform Crime Reporting Program (p. 49)
Question type: MC

5. This is the act that requires the FBI to collect statistics on hate crime.
a. Bias Crime Statistics Act of 1980
*b. Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990
c. Anti-Hate Crime Statistics Act of 2001
d. Bias Crime Statistics Act of 2011
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: The Uniform Crime Reporting Program (p.44)
Question type: MC

6. Today, the National Incident-Based Reporting System is the primary source of information on victims of crime in the United States.
a. True
*b. False
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Victimization Surveys (p. 45)
Question type: TF

7. Which is not one of the racial categories reported in UCR arrest data?
*a. Mexican
b. Black
c. American Indian
d. Asian/Pacific Islander
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Definitions of Racial Categories (p. 47)
Question type: MC

8. Which of the following groups has the highest violent crime victimization rates?
*a. Native Americans
b. Latinos/Hispanics
c. Asian Americans
d. White Americans
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Introduction (p. 39)
Question type: MC

9. Which one of the following agencies is not a source of crime and victimization statistics?
a. Federal Bureau of Investigation
b. Bureau of Justice Statistics
*c. Department of Aging
d. Department of Homeland Security
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Introduction (p. 4042)
Question type: MC

10. Which marital status has the highest violent crime victimization rate?
a. Never married
b. Married
c. Divorced
*d. Separated
Cognitive domain:
Answer location: Victimization Trends (p. 56)
Question type: MC

11. The Equal Justice Initiative released a report on lynching that states
a. lynching is no longer relevant in America.
b. lynching should not be mentioned in history textbooks.
*c. lynching contributed to racial inequity in America.
d. lynching did not occur in northern states.
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 58)
Question type: MC

12. Crime statistics were first collected during what period?
a. 1700s
*b. 1800s
c. 1900s
d. 2000s
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Introduction (p. 38)
Question type: MC

13. Which period of history had the largest share of recorded lynchings?
a. 16001663
b. 17701811
*c. 18891932
d. 19051955
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 58)
Question type: MC

14. The 2013 Uniform Crime Reports shows that Black arrests have increased.
a. True
*b. False
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Arrest Trends (p. 51)
Question type: TF

15. Which of the following offenses is included in the NIBRS but not the UCR?
a. homicide
*b. white-collar
c. rape
d. robbery
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: The Uniform Crime Reporting Program (p. 44)
Question type: MC

16. This racial group has the lowest violent victimization rates.
a. Native Americans
b. Latinos/Hispanics
*c. Asian Americans
d. White Americans
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Utilization of Population, Crime, Arrest, and Victimization Estimates (p. 48)
Question type: MC

17. Hate/bias crimes include those offenses that are directed against people with disabilities.
*a. True
b. False
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 58)
Question type: TF

18. Which of the following racial/ethnic groups is arrested for the most crime in the United States?
a. African Americans
b. Native Americans
c. Latinos
*d. White Americans
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Arrest Trends (p. 51)
Question type: MC

19. Which group is target of the largest share of hate crimes in the United States?
a. Jewish Americans
b. Native Americans
*c. African Americans
d. Homosexuals
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 62)
Question type: MC

20. The UCR captures multiple offenses that occur during one criminal event.
a. True
*b. False
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Limitations of Arrest and Victimization Data (p. 46)
Question type: TF

21. This source of crime data was originally created to replace the UCR as the primary source of crime data.
*a. National Incident-based reporting system*
b. National Crime Victimization Survey
c. National Crime Survey
d. Department of Homeland Security
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: The Uniform Crime Reporting Program (p. 44)
Question type: MC

22. Only recently has prison data included information on race/ethnicity.
a. True
*b. False
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: History of Crime and Victimization Statistics in the United States (p. 42)
Question type: TF

23. Which of the following racial/ethnic groups commits the largest share of hate crimes?
a. African Americans
b. Jewish Americans
*c. White Americans
d. Latino Americans
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 62)
Question type: MC

24. Most hate crimes are typically crimes against property.
a. True
*b. False
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 61)
Question type: TF

25. Racial data first appeared in the UCR in 1933 and included three categories. Which one of the choices below was NOT one of those original racial categories?
a. Blacks
b. Others
*c. Hispanics
d. Whites
Cognitive domain: Application
Answer location: Definitions of Racial Categories (p. 47)
Question type: MC

26. Which of the following age categories has the highest serious violent crime victimization rates?
a. 1217
b. 1824
*c. 2534
d. 3549
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Victimization Trends (p. 55)
Question type: MC

27. This system collects state and local data on incidents of human trafficking.
a. Human Trafficking Database
b. Human Trafficking National Reporting Center
*c. Human Trafficking Reporting System
d. Trafficking System
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Victimization Surveys (p. 45)
Question type: MC
28. The 2009 Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crime Prevention Act expanded earlier federal legislation to include gender identity bias.
*a. True
b. False
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 61)
Question type: TF

29. This group is least likely to be a victim of hate crimes.
a. Hispanic
b. Blacks
c. White
*d. Asian
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Utilization of Population, Crime, Arrest, and Victimization Estimates (p. 48)
Question type: MC

30. Where do most hate crime incidents occur?
a. victims car
b. victims job
*c. victims residence
d. offenders residence
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 61)
Question type: MC

31. What percentage of violent victimizations is reported to the police?
a. less than 10%
b. less than 20%
c. more than 50%
*d. less than 50%
Cognitive domain: Knowledge
Answer location: Introduction (p. 39)
Question type: MC

Short Answer Questions

32. Explain two (2) trends related to race and crime in the Uniform Crime Reports data.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Arrest Trends (p. 49), Victimization Trends (p. 52), Hate Crime Trends (p. 58)
Question type: SA

33. Explain two limitations of the Uniform Crime Reports that relate to studying race and crime.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Limitations of Arrest and Victimization Data (p. 46)
Question type: SA

34. Briefly explain the harm that occurs when crime is racialized.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Introduction (p. 39)
Question type: SA

35. Explain the significance of including ethnicity in UCR statistics.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Definitions of Racial Categories (p. 47)
Question type: SA

36. Discuss two (2) trends related to hate crimes.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Comprehension
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 5862)
Question type: SA

Essay Questions

37. Explain the differences between the race-related data provided by the UCR and the NCVS.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Analysis
Answer location: Definitions of Racial Categories (p. 47)
Question type: ESS

38. Explain the historical trends related to lynching. Your answer should define lynching.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Analysis
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (p. 58)
Question type: ESS

39. Explain the nature of hate crime in America.
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Analysis
Answer location: Hate Crime Trends (pp. 5862)
Question type: ESS

40. Do you believe police agencies should record the race/ethnicity of offenders? If so, why? If not, why not?
*a. Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Application
Answer location: Introduction (p. 39)
Question type: ESS

41. Explain why crime has declined in recent years.
*Answers vary
Cognitive domain: Analysis
Answer location: Arrest Trends (pp. 4952)
Question type: ESS

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