Reading Understanding And Applying Nursing Reasearch 5Th Edition By James -Test Bank

<< Reading Understanding and Applying Nursing Research Revised Reprint 4th Edition By James A.Fain Test Bank Rang & Dale Pharmacology by Humphrey P. Rang Test Bank >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Reading Understanding And Applying Nursing Reasearch 5Th Edition By James -Test Bank

Description

WITH ANSWERS

Reading Understanding And Applying Nursing Reasearch 5Th Edition By James -Test Bank

Chapter 2: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   A research design that examines relationships between and among variables is referred to as:

1. longitudinal.
2. correlational.
3. prospective.
4. retrospective.

 

 

____    2.   Nonexperimental research is often said to be weaker than experimental research in terms of:

1. establishing whether a problem exists.
2. establishing for whom a problem exists.
3. documenting a causal relationship.
4. all of the above.

 

 

____    3.   A situation where the identity of subjects remains unknown to protect subjects participating in a study is referred to as:

1. confidentiality.
2. human rights.
3. risk-benefit ratio.
4. anonymity.

 

 

____    4.   All of the following groups deserve special protection as subjects in research, except:

1. men and women over 65 years of age.
2. children.
3. prisoners.
4. mentally ill.

 

 

____    5.   A researcher wants to determine if nurses levels of empathy for patients change after graduation from nursing school. The following groups are measured: new graduates, nurses who have worked for 2 years, and nurses who have worked for 5 years, on empathy toward patients with a comparison of scores. This study is:

1. prospective.
2. retrospective.
3. cross-sectional.
4. experimental.

 

 

____    6.   A researcher designs an experiment to test how variables interact to influence how well children learn.  The main purpose of this study is:

1. description.
2. explanation.
3. influence.
4. prediction.

 

 

____    7.   A study that follows a cohort of subjects and collects data over time is referred to as:

1. observational.
2. retrospective.
3. longitudinal.
4. experimental.

 

 

____    8.   Individuals who provide data in a research study are often referred to as the:

1. population.
2. data points.
3. coding plan.
4. sample.

 

 

____    9.   Which of the following statements is not true of an Institutional Review Board (IRB)?

1. An IRB assures that researchers do not engage in unethical behavior.
2. All IRB members must have an affiliation with the institution.
3. An IRB can use an expedited review process where there are minimal risks.
4. Certain types of research are exempt from the IRB process.

 

 

____  10.   Providing subjects with an estimate of the potential risks in relation to the potential benefits is called the:

1. right to privacy and dignity.
2. right to anonymity and confidentiality.
3. risk-benefit ratio.
4. right to self-determination.

 

 

____  11.   As a patient advocate, what is the nurses role in carrying out research activities?

1. Determine if the study has been reviewed by the IRB.
2. Report human rights violations to the patients physician.
3. Assume the subjects rights have been adequately addressed.
4. Presume informed consent has been handled adequately.

 

 

____  12.   Which study may qualify for an expedited IRB review?

1. A study to determine if low dose aspirin prevents thrombophlebitis
2. The effect of a dark room on the quality of sleep in hospitalized patients
3. The effects of niacin on coronary artery disease
4. A study on the link between birth control and depression in women of childbearing age

 

 

____  13.   Which statement by a research study participant might indicate informed consent has not occurred?

1. The doctor explained to me what the research study is all about.
2. I volunteered to participate in the research study.
3. I already signed the consent form.
4. If I change my mind I will be billed for the research medicine Ive already taken.

 

 

____  14.   Pure or fundamental research is often referred to as:

1. basic.
2. applied.
3. experimental.
4. nonexperimental.

 

 

____  15.   A study performed on hospitalized patients with the intention to change nursing practice is considered what type of research?

1. Basic
2. Applied
3. Nonexperimental
4. Descriptive

 

Chapter 2: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between basic and applied research and between experimental and nonexperimental research.

Page: 26

Heading: Experimental Versus Nonexperimental

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Longitudinal research follows a cohort of subjects and collects data over time.
2 This is correct. Correlational research is a research design that examines relationships between and among variables.
3 This is incorrect. Prospective research examines data collected in the present.
4 This is incorrect. Retrospective research examines data collected in the past.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between basic and applied research and between experimental and nonexperimental research.

Page: 25

Heading: Experimental Versus Nonexperimental

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Analysis

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Hard

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Nonexperimental and experimental research may establish whether a problem exists.
2 This is incorrect. Both nonexperimental and experimental research may establish for whom a problem exists.
3 This is correct. Nonexperimental research is descriptive or exploratory in nature. Causal relationships may not be studied.
4 This is incorrect. Instead of causal relationships, nonexperimental research refers to studies that are descriptive or exploratory.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Understand human rights as they apply to undertaking research involving human participants.

Page: 37

Heading: Right to Anonymity and Confidentiality

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Ethics

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Confidentiality refers to protecting data by not divulging information that is gathered or learned about that patient without permission to do so.
2 This is incorrect. Human rights refers to the protection of humans in a research study. These rights include the right to freedom from injury, the right to privacy and dignity, and the right anonymity and confidentiality.
3 This is incorrect. Risk-benefit ratio is the relationship between potential harm to subjects and potential positive outcomes of participating in a research study.
4 This is correct. Anonymity is a condition in which the identity of subjects remains unknown, even to the researcher, to protect subjects participating in a study and to promote objective results.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Ethics

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Understand human rights as they apply to undertaking research involving human participants.

Page: 36

Heading: Vulnerable Research Participants Needing Protection

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Ethics

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 This is correct. Vulnerable research participants are those persons who are relatively or absolutely incapable of protecting their own interests and unable to provide meaningful informed consent.
2 This is incorrect. Because they are incapable of protecting their own interests and they cannot provide meaningful informed consent, children deserve special protection as subjects of research.
3 This is incorrect. Prisoners may not be able to protect their own interests and, therefore, deserve special protection as subjects of research.
4 This is incorrect. Because they may be incapable of protecting their own interests and they may not be able to provide meaningful informed consent, the mentally ill deserve special protection as subjects of research.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Ethics

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between basic and applied research and between experimental and nonexperimental research.

Page: 26

Heading: Cross-sectional Versus Longitudinal Research

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Prospective research is a study that examines data collected only in the present.
2 This is incorrect. Retrospective research examines data collected only in the past.
3 This is correct. A cross-sectional study collects data from a single point in time with no follow-up.
4 This is incorrect. Experimental research is a study in which the researcher manipulates and controls one or more variables and observes the effect on another variable.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between basic and applied research and between experimental and nonexperimental research.

Page: 25

Heading: Experimental Versus Nonexperimental

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The purpose of an experiment designed to test how variables interact to influence how well children learn is explanation.
2 This is correct. The researcher who designs an experiment to test how variables interact to influence how well children learn is looking for an explanation.
3 This is incorrect. An experiment designed to test how variables interact to influence how well children learn is looking for an explanation.
4 This is incorrect. Explanation is the purpose of an experiment designed to test how variables interact to influence how well children learn.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between basic and applied research and between experimental and nonexperimental research.

Page: 28

Heading: Cross-sectional Versus Longitudinal Research

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Studies that follow research subjects over a period of time are referred to as longitudinal.
2 This is incorrect. Retrospective research examines data collected in the past.
3 This is correct. A study that follows a cohort of subjects and collects over time is referred to as longitudinal.
4 This is incorrect. Experimental research is where the researcher manipulates and controls one or more variables and observes the effect on another variable.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Identify the basic components of the research process.

Page: 25

Heading: Experimental Versus Nonexperimental

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 Incorrect. The sample refers to the individuals in a population who provide data in a research study.
2 Incorrect. Data points are the measurements documented in a study.
3 Incorrect. The sample is the population of individuals providing data in a research study.
4 Correct. Individuals who provide data in a research study are often referred to as the sample.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 5. Explain the role of institutional review boards in safeguarding the rights of subjects participating in a study.

Page: 41

Heading: Institutional Review Boards

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Ethics

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 Incorrect. The IRB assures that researchers do not engage in unethical behavior
2 Correct. IRB members may be lawyers, clergy, or lay persons unaffiliated with the institution.
3 Incorrect. An IRB can use an expedited review process where there are minimal risks.
4 Incorrect. Certain types of research are exempt from the IRB process.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Ethics

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 6. Explain how to evaluate the ethical implications of a research report.

Page: 36

Heading: Vulnerable Research Participants Needing Protection

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Ethics

Difficulty: Easy

 

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The right to privacy and dignity is a basic human right for research participants.
2 This is incorrect. The right to anonymity and confidentiality is a basic human right for research participants.
3 This is correct. Providing subjects with an estimate of the potential risks in relation to the potential benefits is called the risk-benefit ratio.
4 This is incorrect. The right to self-determination is a basic human right for research participants.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Ethics

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 6. Explain how to evaluate the ethical implications of a research report.

Page: 43

Heading: Evaluating Evidence for the Protection of Human Rights

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Ethics

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. As patient advocate, the nurses role is to determine that the study has been reviewed by the IRB.
2 This is incorrect. Human rights violations are to be reported to the researcher and the IRB.
3 This is incorrect. The nurse should never assume the subjects rights have been adequately addressed.
4 This is incorrect. The nurse must verify that adequate informed consent has occurred.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Ethics

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 5. Describe the role of institutional review boards in safeguarding the rights of subjects participating in a study.

Page: 41

Heading: Institutional Review Boards

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Ethics

Difficulty: Moderate

 

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Expedited review may be granted for studies that consist of routine noninvasive procedures or when the study can be conducted with interviews or review of existing records. A study to determine if low dose aspirin prevents thrombophlebitis would not likely meet these requirements.
2 This is correct. Studies that consist of routine noninvasive procedures or when the study can be conducted with interviews or review of existing records may be granted expedited review. The effect of a dark room on the quality of sleep in hospitalized patients would likely meet these criteria.
3 This is incorrect. Studies that consist of routine noninvasive procedures or when the study can be conducted with interviews or review of existing records may be granted an expedited review. The effects of niacin on coronary artery disease would not meet these requirements.
4 This is incorrect. Research studies consisting of routine noninvasive procedures or that can be conducted with interviews or review of existing records may be granted an expedited review. A study on the link between birth control and depression in women of childbearing age would not likely meet these requirements.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Ethics

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 4. Define informed consent and its key elements.

Page: 38

Heading: Key Elements of Informed Consent

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Ethics

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. During the informed consent process the subject is provided information about the research study.
2 This is incorrect. During the informed consent process subjects are assured that participation is voluntary.
3 This is incorrect. During the informed consent process the subject signs a written consent form.
4 This is correct. During the informed consent process the subject is assured that consent can be withdrawn at any time without negative consequences.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Ethics

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between basic and applied research and between experimental and nonexperimental research.

Page: 23

Heading: Basic Versus Applied Research

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. Basic research is often referred to as pure or fundamental research.
2 This is incorrect. Applied research is a type of study designed to gather knowledge that has direct clinical application.
3 This is incorrect. Experimental research is a study in which the researcher manipulates and controls one or more variables and observes the effect on other variables.
4 This is incorrect. Nonexperimental research is a descriptive study that does not exhibit a great amount of control over variables.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Understanding the Research Process and Ethical Issues in Nursing Research

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between basic and applied research and between experimental and nonexperimental research.

Page: 23

Heading: Basic Versus Applied Research

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Basic research is often referred to as pure or fundamental research.
2 This is correct. Research conducted to gain knowledge that can be used in a practical setting is referred to as applied research.
3 This is incorrect. Nonexperimental research is a descriptive study that does not exhibit a great amount of control over variables.
4 This is incorrect. Nonexperimental research, also called descriptive research, is a descriptive study that does not exhibit a great amount of control over variables.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

Chapter 14: Critiquing Research Reports

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   Which of the following is the correct order of sections associated with a research report?

1. Discussion, methods, problem statement, results
2. Methods, problem statement, discussion, results
3. Problem statement, methods, results, discussion
4. Results, discussion, problem statement, methods

 

 

____    2.   Which is not a question to ask when evaluating a research report?

1. Were the instruments used valid?
2. Was the sample representative?
3. Were the procedures clearly stated to be reproducible?
4. Were the results published in an important journal?

 

 

____    3.   In critiquing a research report, where would the researcher make clear why a particular study is important to investigate?

1. Research question
2. Definition of terms
3. Problem statement
4. Purpose of the study

 

 

____    4.   In critiquing a research report, where does the researcher state the particular question(s) to be investigated?

1. Introduction
2. Definition of terms
3. Justification of the study
4. Purpose statement

 

 

____    5.   In critiquing a research report, where would recommendations made by the researcher for nursing practice be found?

1. Methods
2. Results
3. Implications
4. Data analysis

 

 

____    6.   In critiquing a research report, where would the researcher find information on possible sources of sampling error and sample size?

1. Methods
2. Results
3. Implications
4. Data analysis

 

 

____    7.   In critiquing a research report, where would the researcher find a discussion related to findings associated with the conceptual basis of the study?

1. Methods
2. Results
3. Discussion
4. Data analysis

 

 

____    8.   In critiquing a research report, include all of the following except:

1. supportive and encouraging comments.
2. suggestions that are not overly unrealistic.
3. clear, concise statements in communicating with authors.
4. flattery with comments to boost a researchers self-esteem.

 

 

____    9.   When critiquing a research report, avoid all of the following except:

1. nitpicking or finding fault on trivial details associated with the report.
2. providing explanations that justify your comments.
3. forgetting that your purpose is to advise the researcher and improve the clarity of the report.
4. writing the critique in a condescending manner.

 

 

____  10.   Which statement about critiquing research reports is false?

1. The evaluator makes objective judgments about the study.
2. Grammar and writing style are corrected by the evaluator.
3. A good critique is two or three pages long.
4. Inadequate organization is a common presentation flaw in research reports.

 

 

____  11.   When an evaluator gives a synopsis and points out major characteristics of a study, it is called a research:

1. critique.
2. appraisal.
3. review.
4. summary.

 

 

____  12.   What is the purpose of a research appraisal checklist?

1. Facilitate evaluation of aspects of research reports.
2. Provide criteria with which to judge a research report.
3. Give prescriptive guidelines for students learning the skill.
4. Focus the reviewer on major aspects of the study.

 

 

____  13.   When an evaluator gives a critical appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of a research report it is called a(n):

1. critique.
2. appraisal.
3. review.
4. summary.

 

 

____  14.   Which statement is appropriate for a research critique?

1. The study contained a good review of the literature.
2. The data analysis had a nice summary.
3. The research design was bad.
4. The literature review identified the major related studies.

 

 

____  15.   In what section of a research study are pertinent terms identified?

1. Abstract
2. Problem statement
3. Literature review
4. Methodology

 

Chapter 14: Critiquing Research Reports

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 313

Heading: Guidelines for a Critique of a Research Report

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The problem statement is addressed first, then the methods for data collection, results, and discussion.
2 This is incorrect. The problem statement is addressed first, followed by methods, results, and discussion.
3 This is correct. The problem statement is first, followed by methods, results, and discussion.
4 This is incorrect. The problem statement is first, followed by methods of data collection, results of the study, and finally the discussion.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 317

Heading: Research Appraisal Checklist

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The person evaluating the research report should question if the instruments used were valid.
2 This is incorrect. The person evaluating the research report should question if the sample is representative.
3 This is incorrect. The person evaluating the research report should question if the procedures were clearly stated to be reproducible.
4 This is correct. Publishing the results of the study is not relevant to the strengths and weaknesses of a research report.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 314

Heading: Guidelines for Critique of a Research Report

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The research question tells the reader what the researcher wants to study.
2 This is incorrect. The definition of terms tells the reader the meaning of certain terms used within the study report.
3 This is correct. The problem statement should contain information about why the study is important to investigate.
4 This is incorrect. The purpose of the study contains the question to be investigated.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 315

Heading: Guidelines for a Critique of a Research Report

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The study is introduced in the title and problem statement.
2 This is incorrect. The definition of terms tells the reader the meaning of certain terms used within the study report.
3 This is incorrect. The justification of the study is discussed within the problem statement.
4 This is correct. The researcher states the particular question(s) to be investigated within the purpose statement.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 316

Heading: Guidelines for a Critique of a Research Report

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The methods section describes the data collection procedure.
2 This is incorrect. The results section describes characteristics of the sample and whether the research question was answered.
3 This is correct. The implications and recommendations section contains discussion about generalizations and recommendations for nursing practice, education, and/or further research.
4 This is incorrect. The data analysis section discusses whether the choice of statistical procedures was appropriate for the methodology proposed.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 318

Heading: Research Appraisal Checklist

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. Information on possible sources of sampling error and sample size can be found in the methods section.
2 This is incorrect. The results section describes characteristics of the sample and whether the research question was answered.
3 This is incorrect. The implications and recommendations section contains discussion about generalizations and recommendations for nursing practice, education, and/or further research.
4 This is incorrect. The data analysis section discusses whether the choice of statistical procedures was appropriate for the methodology proposed.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 319

Heading: Research Appraisal Checklist

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Information on possible sources of sampling error and sample size can be found in the methods section.
2 This is incorrect. The results section describes characteristics of the sample and whether the research question was answered.
3 This is correct. Findings associated with the conceptual basis of the study are found in the discussion section.
4 This is incorrect. The data analysis section discusses whether the choice of statistical procedures was appropriate for the methodology proposed.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 313

Heading: Research Critiques Versus Research Reviews

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Supportive and encouraging comments should be included when critiquing a research paper.
2 This is incorrect. Suggestions that are not overly unrealistic should be included when critiquing a research paper.
3 This is incorrect. Choose clear, concise statements to communicate observations.
4 This is correct. Dont try to include flattery that is designed merely to boost a researchers self-esteem.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 313

Heading: Research Critiques Versus Research Reviews

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Avoid nitpicking or finding fault on trivial details associated with the report.
2 This is correct. Provide explanations that justify your comments.
3 This is incorrect. Remember that your purpose is to advise the researcher and improve the clarity of the report.
4 This is incorrect. Avoid writing the critique in a condescending manner.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Apply principles that make a critique constructive rather than destructive.

Page: 312

Heading: Research Critiques Versus Research Reviews

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The evaluator makes precise and objective judgments about the research study.
2 This is correct. Critiquing research reports does not mean correcting grammar and writing style.
3 This is incorrect. A good critique is two or three pages long and evaluates major aspects of the research study.
4 This is incorrect. Inadequate organization is perhaps the most common presentation flaw in research reports.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Distinguish between a research critique and research review.

Page: 312

Heading: Research Critiques Versus Research Reviews

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. A critique evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of a research report.
2 This is incorrect. An evaluator gives a synopsis and points out major characteristics of a study in a research review.
3 This is correct. In a research review the study is described by focusing on major aspects of the study and summarizing the most important points.
4 This is incorrect. When the study is described by focusing on major aspects of the study and summarizing the most important points it is called a research review.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 316

Heading: Research Appraisal Checklist

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. The purpose of a research appraisal checklist is to facilitate evaluation of aspects of research reports.
2 This is incorrect. A research appraisal checklist does not provide criteria with which to judge a research report.
3 This is incorrect. Rather than prescriptive guidelines, a research appraisal checklist offers general suggestions.
4 This is incorrect. A research review focuses on major aspects of a study and summarizes the most important points.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Distinguish between a research critique and research review.

Page: 312

Heading: Research Critiques Versus Research Reviews

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. A critique evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of a research report.
2 This is incorrect. An evaluator gives a synopsis and points out major characteristics of a study in a research review.
3 This is incorrect. In a research review the study is described by focusing on major aspects of the study and summarizing the most important points.
4 This is incorrect. When the strengths and weaknesses of a study are evaluated, it is called a critique.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Distinguish between a research critique and research review.

Page: 312

Heading: Research Critiques Versus Research Reviews

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Terms such as good should be avoided because they do not communicate specific information.
2 This is incorrect. Terms such as nice do not communicate specific information and should be avoided.
3 This is incorrect. Positive and specific terms should be used whenever possible. The term bad is not positive or specific enough to be useful.
4 This is correct. The literature review identified the major related studies is positive and specific.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Critiquing Research Reports

Chapter Learning Objective: 3. Apply a set of guidelines in the critique of research reports.

Page: 317

Heading: Research Appraisal Checklist

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Knowledge

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

 

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The abstract states the problem and hypothesis, identifies methodology, and summarizes the results of the study.
2 This is correct. Pertinent terms are identified in the problem statement.
3 This is incorrect. Cited studies and their relationship to the research problem are contained in the literature review section.
4 This is incorrect. Subjects, instruments, and study design are presented in the methodology section.
<

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here