Schools and Society A Sociological Approach to Education 5th Edition by Jeanne H. Ballantine Joan Z. Spade Test Bank

Schools and Society A Sociological Approach to Education  5th Edition by Jeanne H. Ballantine Joan Z. Spade  Test Bank
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Ballantine and Spade, Schools and Society 5th Edition Instructor Resource

1. Describe the ways in which the various levels of the school organization might be connected to form one coherent production process for the school?

Correct Answer:
Varies

2. Describe the difference between the formal and informal aspects of schools giving two examples of each from your readings in Chapter 4.

Correct Answer:
Varies

3. Compare the five essential supports for school improvement recommended by Bryk to the Open Systems Model in the introduction to this book. What does this tell you about where efforts for successful change must be focused in the larger context of schooling?

Correct Answer:
Varies

4. Discuss the choices for decision making responsibilities in schools. Examine the arguments from Resnick and Bryant. What do they see as the threats to school boards? Why do they believe they are still important? Who should serve on school boards?

Correct Answer:
Varies

5. How does Graceys argument relate to sociological theories discussed in Chapter 1? Select one theory that best fits with the description of kindergarten that Gracey describes.

Correct Answer:
Varies

6. Explain the roles of routine and ritual as they relate to classroom order.

Correct Answer:
Varies

7. An example of an informal goal for schools is:

a. Hierarchy of offices
b. Criteria for membership
*c. Sharing of interests
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

8. An example of informal systems in schools is:

a. The levels of organization in schools described by Barr and Dreeben
*b. The way in which teachers carried out the common script in the schools Metz studied
c. The reorganization of an instructional guidance system suggested by Bryk
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

9. According to Barr and Dreeben, labor in school systems is:

a. Divided
b. Differentiated by task
c. Hierarchical
*d. All of the above
e. None of the above

10. A key point in Barr and Dreebens argument about how schools work is that:

a. Each level in the school hierarchy has different responsibilities
b. What happens at one level in the school hierarchy affects what happens at other levels
c. Each level in the school hierarchy has its own productive agenda
*d. All of the above
e. None of the above

11. According to Barr and Dreeben,:

a. Teachers operate outside the hierarchy and are not influenced by other levels
b. The classroom is the lowest level in the hierarchy and there are no other levels below it.
c. The hierarchy in elementary schools is much steeper and more differentiated
d. All of the above
*e. None of the above

12. In his article on Organizing Schools for Improvement, Bryk argues that schools cannot succeed in educating children if they lack adequate:

a. Money
b. Books and other resources
*c. Leadership
d. All of above
e. None of the above

13. For schools to improve, Bryk describes the dynamics of improvement as:

*a. integrated
b. meaningful
c. school centered, rather than student centered
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

14. According to Resnick and Bryant, the chronically weak performance of several high-profile urban districts has led to:

a. Shutdown of local schools
b. Mass turnover of school administrators
*c. Mayoral takeover of educational leadership
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

15. Why do Resnick and Bryant feel that school boards are necessary?

a. They are the only ones that can decide how to spend tax dollars
b. They are made up of parents that have interest in what happens to their children
c. They see things from the viewpoint of school staff, teachers, and administrators
d. All of the above
*e. None of the above

16. According to Gracey, Kindergarten is generally seen as a time when students learn:

a. Basics such as pre-reading and pre-math
b. Early fundamental skills such as reading and elementary math
*c. Socialization and discipline skills
d. Day care
e. None of the above

17. Gracey describes the instances of teachers reinforcing school routines as providing ________________

a. Training for life
b. A sense of discipline and control
c. An understanding of ones position it the world
*d. All of the above
e. None of the above

18. According to Diehl and Daniel, the best way to maintain classroom order is by focusing on:

a. Centralized, Instructor led activities
b. Student-centered activities
*c. A mix of centralized and student-centered activities
d. None of the above

19. When looking at interactional order as a situated phenomenon, the biggest threats to order are:

*a. Instability in activity structure and challenges to concord
b. Students with oppositional defiance disorder
c. Miscommunications and slips in conversational dynamics
d. All of the above
e. None of the above

20. Diehl and Daniel found that:

a. Theres a strong relationship between temporality and classroom order
b. Most of the variance in stability and concord occur within classroom contexts
c. Activities often dictate the overall levels of stability and concord
*d. All of the above
e. None of the above

21. A hierarchy of offices, such that some people have more power in decision making than others, is an example of the informal structure of schools.

a. True
*b. False

22. What really happens in classrooms is part of the formal organization of schools.

a. True
*b. False

23. According to Barr and Dreeben, textbooks are productive resources only in classrooms, but have meaning at all levels of the hierarchy of schools.

*a. True
b. False

24. Bryk made his conclusions about what factors are important for school improvement by a study of two schools in Chicago, both of which made considerable improvements in students success.

a. True
*b. False

25. When Bryk refers to beating the odds, he is talking about students who manage to succeed despite attending substandard schools.

a. True
*b. False

26. According to Resnick and Bryant, local mayors make better education decisions than school boards.

a. True
*b. False

27. According to Gracey, children begin learning the student role after Kindergarten.

a. True
*b. False

28. Graceys example of the children discussing the spooky house at the zoo is an example of how teachers allow students to step outside of the student role in Kindergarten.

a. True
*b. False

29. Teachers are unwilling to change the expectations of a common script even when students are resistant to it.

*a. True
b. False

30. Demeaning a students character is an effective way to ensure and maintain classroom order.

a. True
*b. False

31. According to Diehl and McFarland , its unclear why some classes are more orderly than others and why classes can even vary within the same class period.

*a. True
b. False

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