Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante Test bank

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Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante Test bank

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WITH ANSWERS

Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante

Chapter_2_Culture_Reviewed

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. In the broadest sense, _________ is the way of a life of a people.
  2. culture
  3. society
  4. socialization
  5. interaction

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            48

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. Which of the following is a true statement about the nature of culture?
  2. Cultures are easy to describe.
  3. Generally every culture has a distinct marker that distinguishes it from other cultures.
  4. It is very challenging to define the boundaries of a culture.
  5. Cultures exist in isolation.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Much of the time people think and behave as they do simply because it seems natural and like the only way to do things. This statement suggests
  2. people are cultural replicas.
  3. people cannot think for themselves.
  4. culture is something that cannot be changed.
  5. culture can act as a blueprint for behavior.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People in all cultures experience grief. This statement best applies to the concept of
  2. cultural particulars.
  3. cultural universals.
  4. social emotions.
  5. cultural diffusion.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Empathy, grief, love, guilt, jealousy, and embarrassment are all examples of
  2. social emotions.
  3. cultural particulars.
  4. cultural markers.
  5. cultural traits.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            50

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following represents the best example of material culture?
  2. physical objects people have invented, such as a diamond ring
  3. conceptions of what is right and good, such as true friendship
  4. rules for behavior, such as stop for pedestrians in crosswalk
  5. the belief that athletic talent is inherited

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            53

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A lawnmower falls under the category
  2. nonmaterial culture.
  3. beliefs.
  4. norms.
  5. material culture.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            53

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cuba is a society that throws nothing away. This state of affairs relates to which one of the following?
  2. Something about the Cuban people makes them naturally conservative.
  3. The U.S. has imposed an economic embargo on that country for at more than 50 years.
  4. Cuban society has few inventors.
  5. Cuba has focused its energy on developing baseball players.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Beliefs, values, and norms are part of
  2. nonmaterial culture.
  3. material culture.
  4. cultural diffusion.
  5. reentry shock.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. ________ are ideas that people accept as true about how the world operates and about the place of the individual.
  2. Values
  3. Norms
  4. Beliefs
  5. Symbols

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following words best describes nonmaterial culture?
  2. concrete
  3. intangible
  4. physical
  5. tangible

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People who violate _______ are viewed as evil and a danger to society.
  2. folkways
  3. mores
  4. sanctions
  5. laws

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Sociologist William Graham Sumner wrote that ________ give us discipline and support of routine and habit.
  2. mores
  3. folkways
  4. beliefs
  5. values

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. Knock before opening a door can be considered a violation of a(n) ________ in the United States if residents believe they have the right to shoot to kill someone who invades their home.
  2. more
  3. folkway
  4. idiom
  5. belief

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A folkway is a
  2. fable parents read to their children.
  3. norm that applies to routine and everyday matters.
  4. norm that applies to serious matters.
  5. myth about how a culture came to be.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. The index and middle fingers held to form a V can be a _______ for victory, or for the number 2.
  2. more
  3. folkway
  4. idiom
  5. symbol

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which of the following represents the best example of a belief?
  2. physical objects people have invented, such as the radio
  3. conceptions of what is right and good, such as true friendship
  4. rules for behavior, such as stop for pedestrians in crosswalk
  5. the idea that children should live with their parents until they get married

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Learning a ______ includes an expectation that we will communicate and organize our thoughts in a particular way.
  2. more
  3. folkway
  4. language
  5. symbol

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. While it is certainly possible to translate essential meanings from one language to another, it is more difficult to translate the worldview that underlies meaning (e.g., our mother versus my mother). This problem relates to the
  2. linguistic relativity hypothesis.
  3. small world theory.
  4. labeling theory
  5. differential association hypothesis.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. No two languages are ever sufficiently similar to be considered as representing the same social reality. This sentence applies to
  2. ethnocentrism.
  3. culture shock.
  4. the linguistic relativity hypothesis.
  5. cultural diffusion.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A parent introduces her child to boxing and that child becomes deeply interested in the sport such that it shapes his sense of self and world view. When that happens, cultural capital is
  2. objectified.
  3. embodied.
  4. institutionalized.
  5. diffused.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            60

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A job applicant learns that the job for which she is applying requires a college degree. In this instance the cultural capital needed is
  2. objectified.
  3. embodied.
  4. institutionalized.
  5. diffused.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            61

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A person is judged by his or her ability to look the partwhether that be to look like a doctor, a carpenter, a professor. The judgment is grounded in notions of ________ cultural capital.
  2. objectified
  3. embodied
  4. institutionalized
  5. diffused

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            61

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. LGBT activists come from all walks of life. They are held together by the belief that people should be free to choose who they love. This belief constitutes a ________ for that group.
  2. radical belief
  3. shared way of life
  4. cultural anchor
  5. cultural capital

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            62

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. The United States is a very diverse society. Still one might argue that virtually all Americans are held together by a shared valuefreedom. That value constitutes a
  2. radical belief.
  3. shared way of life
  4. cultural anchor.
  5. cultural capital.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            62

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following groups is the best example of a counterculture?
  2. a sorority
  3. rock climbers
  4. Catholics
  5. Buddhist monks

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            63

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

 

  1. Buddhist monks constitute a counterculture known as ________ because they are in search of enlightenment through simple living, modest dreams, and vegetarian diet.
  2. communitarian utopians
  3. mystics
  4. radical activists
  5. right-wings

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            63

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. They do not so much attack society as disregard it so they can float above it in search of enlightenment. This statement best applies to
  2. communitarian utopians.
  3. mystics.
  4. radical activists.
  5. right-wings/conservatives

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            63

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. The tendency to hold one culture as a standard against which the ways of other cultures are judged is
  2. cultural relativity.
  3. cultural awareness.
  4. ethnocentrism.
  5. multiculturalism.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            66

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. According to sociologist Everett Hughes, One can think so exclusively in terms of his or her own social world that he or she has no set of concepts for comparing one social world to the next. Hughes is describing
  2. cultural genocide.
  3. a kind of ethnocentrism.
  4. institutional completeness.
  5. a state of cultural relativity.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            66

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Between 1870 and 1920 Native Americans were sent to boarding schools to ensure total immersion into white culture and rejection of their own culture. This practice is guided by a position known as
  2. reentry shock.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. cultural relativity.
  5. ethnocentrism.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. If upon learning that Arabic writing is read from right to left, a person concludes that this is reading backwards, that person is taking ________ point of view.
  2. an ethnocentric
  3. a culturally relative
  4. a cultural shock
  5. sociological

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            67

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Many Americans are appalled that some cultures eat dog but have no reservations about eating pig, cows, or chicken. This position qualifies as an example of
  2. reentry shock.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. cultural relativity.
  5. ethnocentrism.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            67

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. The view that a behavior or way of thinking must be examined in its cultural context is
  2. ethnocentrism.
  3. cultural relativism.
  4. cultural genocide.
  5. cultural borrowing.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. An individual who adopts cultural relativism aims to _________ a cultural practice.
  2. understand
  3. condone
  4. discredit
  5. praise

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Upon returning home to the U.S. after a long stay overseas, Rene felt like she was going crazy. She hated American television telling her to buy products in order to be liked. She was experiencing
  2. institutional completeness.
  3. cultural relativity.
  4. reentry shock.
  5. cultural transmission.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            70

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Chris returns to the U.S. after having spent time in another culture. Among other things, he is having real trouble adjusting to an automobile-oriented culture after living in a motor bike-oriented culture. Chris is experiencing
  2. reentry shock.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. cultural relativity.
  5. ethnocentrism.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            70

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following newspaper headlines suggests that cultural diffusion is at work?
  2. Oreo Cookies Are Now Sold in 200 Countries
  3. Korea Has Few Oil Reserves
  4. China Goes It Alone
  5. Few Americans Study a Second Language

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Dave gets a Chinese proverb tattooed on his arm. This act represents
  2. cultural relativism.
  3. conspicuous consumption.
  4. cultural diffusion.
  5. cultural lag.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Hip-hop is believed to have emerged in the 1970s in black-Puerto Rican communities of New York. Now hiphop can be found in many countries including South Korea, where its artists emphasize political issues of concern to South Korean youth (e.g., intense pressures to succeed in school). This example illustrates the selective nature of
  2. cultural relativism.
  3. conspicuous consumption.
  4. cultural diffusion.
  5. cultural lag.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People borrow ideas, materials, or inventions from another culture
  2. indiscriminately.
  3. selectively.
  4. regardless of their usefulness.
  5. even though that borrowing is always a troublesome process.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 2.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The food defined as edible varies across cultures. This statement relates to which concept?
  2. cultural particulars
  3. cultural universals
  4. ethnocentrism
  5. cultural diffusion

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. Children everywhere have relationships with animals. This statement applies to which concept?
  2. cultural particulars
  3. cultural universals
  4. ethnocentrism
  5. cultural diffusions

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. When studying cultures, sociologists
  2. use physical cues such as eye shape to assign people to culture.
  3. are interested in how culture shapes human behavior.
  4. look for the best way to adapt to the environment.
  5. search for the markers that distinguish cultures.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 51

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 2.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. A sign announcing no smoking is proclaiming a
  2. norm.
  3. value.
  4. belief.
  5. symbol.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 55

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. In Illinois animal rights activists are prohibited from using drones to watch hunters. This is an example of a(n)
  2. value.
  3. belief.
  4. unwritten law.
  5. law.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 55

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. A man from Mexico finds it hard to adjust to the survival of the fittest mindset that seems to exist in the U.S. To him it seems like everyone is always running from some sort of monster. This man is describing
  2. reverse ethnocentrism.
  3. diffusion.
  4. culture shock.
  5. cultural relativism.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A German immigrant to the U.S. started a business in 1850 making copperriveted denim parts. Today blue jeans are arguably the most popular item of clothing on the planet. The global borrowing is the result of
  2. cultural diffusion.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. ethnocentrism.
  5. cultural relativism.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           New

 

  1. In thinking about blue jeans, _______ are most likely to argue that blue jeans qualify as an item of clothing that attaches people everyday to a global community.
  2. functionalists
  3. conflict theorists
  4. symbolic interactionalists
  5. feminists

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            77

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. In thinking about blue jeans, ________ are most likely to think about how the process of manufacturing blue jeans advantages some and disadvantages others.
  2. functionalists
  3. conflict theorists
  4. symbolic interactionalists
  5. feminists

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            77

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. From a _______ perspective, the history of blue jeans is a gendered one.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interactionalist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            78

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A sociologist from the _________ perspective would be most interested in the historic context that made blue jeans part of womens wardrobes.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interactionalist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            78

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A sociologist inspired by the ________ perspective is most likely to think about the role jeans play in shaping interaction and a persons sense of self.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interactionalist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            78

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

True / False

 

  1. A culture exists in isolation from other cultures.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 47

TOPICS:          Chapter opening

NOTES:           New

 

  1. From a sociological point of view the boundaries of a culture are very easy to identify.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 49

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cultural universals are those things all cultures have in common.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 49

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Culture provides formulas for expressing social emotions.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 50

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People have the capacity to reject the culture around them.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 51

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A smart phone is an example of material culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 53

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A value such as freedom qualifies as an item of material culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 54

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Freedom is a uniquely American value.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 54

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Mores are regarded as the only way.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 56

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Folkways are norms considered essential to the well-being of the group.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 56

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Language is a symbol system.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 57

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. The linguistic relativity hypothesis holds that different languages describe the world in the same ways.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 57

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cultural capital is a useful concept for thinking about the cultural diversity that exists in a particular setting.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 59

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Embodied cultural capital includes the words one uses to communicate.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 60

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Generally people who share a culture agree about the things that make them a culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 61

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. White teeth qualifies as an example of institutionalized culture capital.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 61

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. The flag -Stars and Stripes- is a cultural anchor that unites Americans in all their diversity.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 62

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Cowboy churches in the U.S. represent one example of a subculture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 63

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Countercultures are subcultures that challenge what is considered mainstream culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 63

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Buddhist monks who reject the trappings of capitalistic society are counted as a counterculture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 63

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. From an ethnocentric point of view, writing from left to right on a page is simply a way to write.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 67

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People who idealize other cultures as perfect and their own as flawed are guilty of ethnocentrism.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 68

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cultural relativism is an antidote to ethnocentrism.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 68

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           New

 

  1. The primary aim of cultural relativism is to understand a culture on its own terms.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 68

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A person must travel to a foreign country to experience culture shock.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 69

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Reentry shock involves glorifying the home country.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 70

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. Sociologists strive to find a cultural marker that applies to everyone who claims membership in a culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 49

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           New

 

 

Chapter_12_Education_and_Religion_reviewed

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. In the broadest sense, education is
  2. a purposeful, planned effort to impart specific skills.
  3. a program of formal and systematic instruction.
  4. those experiences that train, discipline, and develop a persons mental and physical potentials.
  5. spontaneous, unplanned exposure to ideas.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 444

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Symbolic interactionists focus on the curriculums role in
  2. creating a collective consciousness.
  3. preparing students for a global economy.
  4. creating inequality.
  5. conveying shared meanings about subject manner and much more.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 446

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Teaching method, tone of teachers voice, and frequency of teachers absences are considered part of the __________ curriculum.
  2. formal
  3. hidden
  4. unintended
  5. planned

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 445

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The __________ curriculum includes the things students learn in addition to the subject matter.
  2. formal
  3. unintended
  4. hidden
  5. planned

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 445

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The various academic subjectsmathematics, science, English, reading, physical education, and so onmake up the __________ curriculum.
  2. formal
  3. unintended
  4. hidden
  5. planned

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 445

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The comparative research of Yi Che, Akiko Hayashi, and Joseph Tobin who observed preschools in the United States and China found that when compared with Chinese preschoolers, American preschoolers are taught to
  2. give constructive critiques of each others work.
  3. learn from their peers critiques of their work.
  4. downplay interpersonal conflicts and play cooperatively.
  5. expect praise for their work.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 445

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The comparative research of Yi Che, Akiko Hayashi, and Joseph Tobin who observed preschools in the United States and China found that American early-childhood teachers in the United States tend to believe that
  2. their job is to protect and support childrens self-esteem.
  3. it is developmentally appropriate to subject a child to peer criticism in front of other students.
  4. any praise given to students should be genuine (not empty words like thats wonderfulregardless of quality.)
  5. interpersonal conflicts should be downplayed.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 446

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. When researchers Yi Che, Akiko Hayashi, and Joseph Tobin showed video clips of preschoolers in China critiquing each other and resolving conflicts, Americans reacted in a variety of ways. Which one of the following is not one of the reactions mentioned?
  2. Some were bothered by the Chinese practice of allowing children to critique each other.
  3. Some were amazed at how well children gave and accepted critique.
  4. Some wondered whether preschoolers were too young to engage in constructive critique.
  5. Some wanted to adapt the Chinese approach to education.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 446

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Transmitting skills and integrating diverse populations are considered some of the __________ of education.
  2. functions
  3. informal aspects
  4. formal aspects
  5. essential elements

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 446

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Most, if not all, educational systems sort students into distinct instructional groups. This practice is known as
  2. the credential society.
  3. schooling.
  4. tracking.
  5. self-fulfilling prophecy.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 448

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Research suggests that tracking has __________ effects on higher-track students.
  2. no noticeable
  3. the most positive
  4. the most negative
  5. an insidious

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 449

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sociologist Jeannie Oakes studied the effects of tracking and found that
  2. poor and minority students are not tracked.
  3. the different tracks are treated as equally valued instructional groups.
  4. low track students eventually catch up with those in the higher tracks.
  5. parents of bright students were especially supportive of tracking.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 449

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) is a famous Supreme Court case dealing with
  2. segregated public schools.
  3. the no pass-no play (sports) policy.
  4. school prayer.
  5. school choice.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 458

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 factual

TOPICS: Mod 12.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following describes the state of racial inequality since Brown v. Board of Education?
  2. School-based racial segregation is a thing of the past.
  3. There are almost no differences across racial groups with regard to test scores.
  4. School-based segregation is still a problem.
  5. Students are trapped by their racial backgrounds.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 458

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.3

NOTES: New

 

  1. As in the 1960s, today black, Hispanic, and Native American students are __________ white and Asian students to find themselves in school environments characterized by high levels of poverty and low levels of academic achievement.
  2. significantly more likely than
  3. significantly less likely than
  4. equally likely as
  5. slightly less likely

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 458

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The high school dropout rate varies by race and ethnicity. The category __________ has the lowest probability of graduating from high school on time.
  2. Asian
  3. white
  4. Native American
  5. black

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 454

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Which one of the following statements best describes the financial rewards of education?
  2. As education increases, the difference between male and female median weekly earnings decreases.
  3. Incomes rise as the level of education increases.
  4. There is no evidence that more education increases salaries.
  5. The highest paid workers in the United States have some college.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 462

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The United States is a country where students pay
  2. no or very low tuition and financial assistance is less generous.
  3. no or very low tuition and financial assistance is generous.
  4. high tuition/fees and financial assistance is less generous.
  5. high tuition/fees and financial assistance is generous.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 464

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Of the 44 loan programs Shen and Ziderman studied, __________ has the best loan repayment ratio at 108 percent.
  2. Canada
  3. Nigeria
  4. the Czech Republic
  5. the United States

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 464

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 factual

TOPICS: Mod 12.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Of the 44 loan programs Shen and Ziderman studied, __________ has the worst loan repayment ratio at 10.9 percent.
  2. Canada
  3. Nigeria
  4. the Czech Republic
  5. the United States

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 464

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 factual

TOPICS: Mod 12.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The __________ describes a situation in which employers use educational credentials as screening devices for sorting through a large pool of applicants.
  2. post-industrial economy
  3. industrial era
  4. graduate glut
  5. credential society

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 466

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following statements describes a key characteristic of the credential society?
  2. There has been a steady decrease in educational requirements for employment over the last century.
  3. Employers have come to view college graduates as book smart but not practical.
  4. Most employers do not even use the high school diploma to screen applicants.
  5. Employers often require a college degree for promotion and advancement.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 466

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following historical factors helps to explain the emergence of the credential society?
  2. technical change accompanying industrialization
  3. religious rivalries that helped to fuel creation of competing schools
  4. the cultural ambivalence about the value of an education
  5. high unemployment beginning in the 1960s

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 467

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.4

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. According to Durkheim, the sociological study of religion must be guided by the
  2. assumption that no religion is false.
  3. conviction that there must be one true religion.
  4. assumption that the supernatural can ultimately be observed.
  5. belief that some religions are better than others.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 469

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. When sociologists study religion, they investigate
  2. whether God or some other supernatural force exists.
  3. the validity of certain religious beliefs.
  4. the social aspects of a religion.
  5. which religion is the one true vision.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 469

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following is not one of the three essential features of all religions as identified by Durkheim?
  2. beliefs about the sacred and the profane
  3. a great book (e.g. Bible, Koran, or Torah)
  4. rituals
  5. a community of worshippers

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 470

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sacred things can include books, buildings, days, and places. From a sociological point of view, sacredness stems from
  2. the item itself.
  3. the symbolic power people confer on those items.
  4. the meaning assigned to an item by God.
  5. the Bible.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 470

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Speaking the name of God in vain, a woman refusing to cover her hair or face during worship, and a man keeping his baseball cap on during religious services are all actions that Durkheim would classify as falling under the category of
  2. the profane.
  3. the sacred.
  4. rituals.
  5. sacraments.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 470

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 12.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The __________ includes everything that is regarded as extraordinary and that inspires in believers deep and absorbing sentiments of awe, respect, mystery, and reverence.
  2. sacred
  3. profane
  4. sacramental religion
  5. prophetic religion

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 470

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Confession, immersion, and fasting are examples of
  2. mystical acts.
  3. ecclesiae.
  4. rituals.
  5. sacraments.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 471

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 12.5

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