Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante-Test Bank

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Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante-Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS
Seeing Sociology An Introduction 3rd Edition Ferrante-Test Bank

chapter 2

Multiple Choice

 

  1. In the broadest sense, _________ is the way of a life of a people.
  2. culture
  3. society
  4. socialization
  5. interaction

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            48

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. Which of the following is a true statement about the nature of culture?
  2. Cultures are easy to describe.
  3. Generally every culture has a distinct marker that distinguishes it from other cultures.
  4. It is very challenging to define the boundaries of a culture.
  5. Cultures exist in isolation.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Much of the time people think and behave as they do simply because it seems natural and like the only way to do things. This statement suggests
  2. people are cultural replicas.
  3. people cannot think for themselves.
  4. culture is something that cannot be changed.
  5. culture can act as a blueprint for behavior.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People in all cultures experience grief. This statement best applies to the concept of
  2. cultural particulars.
  3. cultural universals.
  4. social emotions.
  5. cultural diffusion.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Empathy, grief, love, guilt, jealousy, and embarrassment are all examples of
  2. social emotions.
  3. cultural particulars.
  4. cultural markers.
  5. cultural traits.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            50

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following represents the best example of material culture?
  2. physical objects people have invented, such as a diamond ring
  3. conceptions of what is right and good, such as true friendship
  4. rules for behavior, such as stop for pedestrians in crosswalk
  5. the belief that athletic talent is inherited

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            53

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A lawnmower falls under the category
  2. nonmaterial culture.
  3. beliefs.
  4. norms.
  5. material culture.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            53

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cuba is a society that throws nothing away. This state of affairs relates to which one of the following?
  2. Something about the Cuban people makes them naturally conservative.
  3. The U.S. has imposed an economic embargo on that country for at more than 50 years.
  4. Cuban society has few inventors.
  5. Cuba has focused its energy on developing baseball players.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Beliefs, values, and norms are part of
  2. nonmaterial culture.
  3. material culture.
  4. cultural diffusion.
  5. reentry shock.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. ________ are ideas that people accept as true about how the world operates and about the place of the individual.
  2. Values
  3. Norms
  4. Beliefs
  5. Symbols

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following words best describes nonmaterial culture?
  2. concrete
  3. intangible
  4. physical
  5. tangible

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            54

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People who violate _______ are viewed as evil and a danger to society.
  2. folkways
  3. mores
  4. sanctions
  5. laws

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Sociologist William Graham Sumner wrote that ________ give us discipline and support of routine and habit.
  2. mores
  3. folkways
  4. beliefs
  5. values

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. Knock before opening a door can be considered a violation of a(n) ________ in the United States if residents believe they have the right to shoot to kill someone who invades their home.
  2. more
  3. folkway
  4. idiom
  5. belief

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A folkway is a
  2. fable parents read to their children.
  3. norm that applies to routine and everyday matters.
  4. norm that applies to serious matters.
  5. myth about how a culture came to be.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. The index and middle fingers held to form a V can be a _______ for victory, or for the number 2.
  2. more
  3. folkway
  4. idiom
  5. symbol

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which of the following represents the best example of a belief?
  2. physical objects people have invented, such as the radio
  3. conceptions of what is right and good, such as true friendship
  4. rules for behavior, such as stop for pedestrians in crosswalk
  5. the idea that children should live with their parents until they get married

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            56

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Learning a ______ includes an expectation that we will communicate and organize our thoughts in a particular way.
  2. more
  3. folkway
  4. language
  5. symbol

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. While it is certainly possible to translate essential meanings from one language to another, it is more difficult to translate the worldview that underlies meaning (e.g., our mother versus my mother). This problem relates to the
  2. linguistic relativity hypothesis.
  3. small world theory.
  4. labeling theory
  5. differential association hypothesis.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. No two languages are ever sufficiently similar to be considered as representing the same social reality. This sentence applies to
  2. ethnocentrism.
  3. culture shock.
  4. the linguistic relativity hypothesis.
  5. cultural diffusion.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            57

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A parent introduces her child to boxing and that child becomes deeply interested in the sport such that it shapes his sense of self and world view. When that happens, cultural capital is
  2. objectified.
  3. embodied.
  4. institutionalized.
  5. diffused.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            60

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A job applicant learns that the job for which she is applying requires a college degree. In this instance the cultural capital needed is
  2. objectified.
  3. embodied.
  4. institutionalized.
  5. diffused.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            61

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A person is judged by his or her ability to look the partwhether that be to look like a doctor, a carpenter, a professor. The judgment is grounded in notions of ________ cultural capital.
  2. objectified
  3. embodied
  4. institutionalized
  5. diffused

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            61

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. LGBT activists come from all walks of life. They are held together by the belief that people should be free to choose who they love. This belief constitutes a ________ for that group.
  2. radical belief
  3. shared way of life
  4. cultural anchor
  5. cultural capital

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            62

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. The United States is a very diverse society. Still one might argue that virtually all Americans are held together by a shared valuefreedom. That value constitutes a
  2. radical belief.
  3. shared way of life
  4. cultural anchor.
  5. cultural capital.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            62

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following groups is the best example of a counterculture?
  2. a sorority
  3. rock climbers
  4. Catholics
  5. Buddhist monks

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            63

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

 

  1. Buddhist monks constitute a counterculture known as ________ because they are in search of enlightenment through simple living, modest dreams, and vegetarian diet.
  2. communitarian utopians
  3. mystics
  4. radical activists
  5. right-wings

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            63

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. They do not so much attack society as disregard it so they can float above it in search of enlightenment. This statement best applies to
  2. communitarian utopians.
  3. mystics.
  4. radical activists.
  5. right-wings/conservatives

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            63

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. The tendency to hold one culture as a standard against which the ways of other cultures are judged is
  2. cultural relativity.
  3. cultural awareness.
  4. ethnocentrism.
  5. multiculturalism.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            66

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. According to sociologist Everett Hughes, One can think so exclusively in terms of his or her own social world that he or she has no set of concepts for comparing one social world to the next. Hughes is describing
  2. cultural genocide.
  3. a kind of ethnocentrism.
  4. institutional completeness.
  5. a state of cultural relativity.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            66

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Between 1870 and 1920 Native Americans were sent to boarding schools to ensure total immersion into white culture and rejection of their own culture. This practice is guided by a position known as
  2. reentry shock.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. cultural relativity.
  5. ethnocentrism.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. If upon learning that Arabic writing is read from right to left, a person concludes that this is reading backwards, that person is taking ________ point of view.
  2. an ethnocentric
  3. a culturally relative
  4. a cultural shock
  5. sociological

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            67

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Many Americans are appalled that some cultures eat dog but have no reservations about eating pig, cows, or chicken. This position qualifies as an example of
  2. reentry shock.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. cultural relativity.
  5. ethnocentrism.

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            67

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. The view that a behavior or way of thinking must be examined in its cultural context is
  2. ethnocentrism.
  3. cultural relativism.
  4. cultural genocide.
  5. cultural borrowing.

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. An individual who adopts cultural relativism aims to _________ a cultural practice.
  2. understand
  3. condone
  4. discredit
  5. praise

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Upon returning home to the U.S. after a long stay overseas, Rene felt like she was going crazy. She hated American television telling her to buy products in order to be liked. She was experiencing
  2. institutional completeness.
  3. cultural relativity.
  4. reentry shock.
  5. cultural transmission.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            70

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Chris returns to the U.S. after having spent time in another culture. Among other things, he is having real trouble adjusting to an automobile-oriented culture after living in a motor bike-oriented culture. Chris is experiencing
  2. reentry shock.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. cultural relativity.
  5. ethnocentrism.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            70

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following newspaper headlines suggests that cultural diffusion is at work?
  2. Oreo Cookies Are Now Sold in 200 Countries
  3. Korea Has Few Oil Reserves
  4. China Goes It Alone
  5. Few Americans Study a Second Language

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Dave gets a Chinese proverb tattooed on his arm. This act represents
  2. cultural relativism.
  3. conspicuous consumption.
  4. cultural diffusion.
  5. cultural lag.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Hip-hop is believed to have emerged in the 1970s in black-Puerto Rican communities of New York. Now hiphop can be found in many countries including South Korea, where its artists emphasize political issues of concern to South Korean youth (e.g., intense pressures to succeed in school). This example illustrates the selective nature of
  2. cultural relativism.
  3. conspicuous consumption.
  4. cultural diffusion.
  5. cultural lag.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People borrow ideas, materials, or inventions from another culture
  2. indiscriminately.
  3. selectively.
  4. regardless of their usefulness.
  5. even though that borrowing is always a troublesome process.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 2.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The food defined as edible varies across cultures. This statement relates to which concept?
  2. cultural particulars
  3. cultural universals
  4. ethnocentrism
  5. cultural diffusion

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. Children everywhere have relationships with animals. This statement applies to which concept?
  2. cultural particulars
  3. cultural universals
  4. ethnocentrism
  5. cultural diffusions

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 49

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. When studying cultures, sociologists
  2. use physical cues such as eye shape to assign people to culture.
  3. are interested in how culture shapes human behavior.
  4. look for the best way to adapt to the environment.
  5. search for the markers that distinguish cultures.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 51

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 2.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. A sign announcing no smoking is proclaiming a
  2. norm.
  3. value.
  4. belief.
  5. symbol.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 55

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. In Illinois animal rights activists are prohibited from using drones to watch hunters. This is an example of a(n)
  2. value.
  3. belief.
  4. unwritten law.
  5. law.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 55

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 2.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. A man from Mexico finds it hard to adjust to the survival of the fittest mindset that seems to exist in the U.S. To him it seems like everyone is always running from some sort of monster. This man is describing
  2. reverse ethnocentrism.
  3. diffusion.
  4. culture shock.
  5. cultural relativism.

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            68

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A German immigrant to the U.S. started a business in 1850 making copperriveted denim parts. Today blue jeans are arguably the most popular item of clothing on the planet. The global borrowing is the result of
  2. cultural diffusion.
  3. cultural shock.
  4. ethnocentrism.
  5. cultural relativism.

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            73

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.5

NOTES:           New

 

  1. In thinking about blue jeans, _______ are most likely to argue that blue jeans qualify as an item of clothing that attaches people everyday to a global community.
  2. functionalists
  3. conflict theorists
  4. symbolic interactionalists
  5. feminists

 

ANSWER:       a

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            77

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. In thinking about blue jeans, ________ are most likely to think about how the process of manufacturing blue jeans advantages some and disadvantages others.
  2. functionalists
  3. conflict theorists
  4. symbolic interactionalists
  5. feminists

 

ANSWER:       b

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            77

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. From a _______ perspective, the history of blue jeans is a gendered one.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interactionalist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            78

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A sociologist from the _________ perspective would be most interested in the historic context that made blue jeans part of womens wardrobes.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interactionalist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER:       d

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            78

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A sociologist inspired by the ________ perspective is most likely to think about the role jeans play in shaping interaction and a persons sense of self.
  2. functionalist
  3. conflict
  4. symbolic interactionalist
  5. feminist

 

ANSWER:       c

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES:            78

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS:          Mod 2.6

NOTES:           New

 

True / False

 

  1. A culture exists in isolation from other cultures.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 47

TOPICS:          Chapter opening

NOTES:           New

 

  1. From a sociological point of view the boundaries of a culture are very easy to identify.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 49

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cultural universals are those things all cultures have in common.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 49

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Culture provides formulas for expressing social emotions.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 50

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People have the capacity to reject the culture around them.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 51

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. A smart phone is an example of material culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 53

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A value such as freedom qualifies as an item of material culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 54

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Freedom is a uniquely American value.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 54

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Mores are regarded as the only way.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 56

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Folkways are norms considered essential to the well-being of the group.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 56

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Language is a symbol system.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 57

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           New

 

  1. The linguistic relativity hypothesis holds that different languages describe the world in the same ways.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 57

TOPICS:          Mod 2.2

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cultural capital is a useful concept for thinking about the cultural diversity that exists in a particular setting.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 59

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Embodied cultural capital includes the words one uses to communicate.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 60

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Generally people who share a culture agree about the things that make them a culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 61

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. White teeth qualifies as an example of institutionalized culture capital.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 61

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. The flag -Stars and Stripes- is a cultural anchor that unites Americans in all their diversity.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 62

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Cowboy churches in the U.S. represent one example of a subculture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 63

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Countercultures are subcultures that challenge what is considered mainstream culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 63

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. Buddhist monks who reject the trappings of capitalistic society are counted as a counterculture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 63

TOPICS:          Mod 2.3

NOTES:           New

 

  1. From an ethnocentric point of view, writing from left to right on a page is simply a way to write.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 67

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. People who idealize other cultures as perfect and their own as flawed are guilty of ethnocentrism.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 68

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Cultural relativism is an antidote to ethnocentrism.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 68

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           New

 

  1. The primary aim of cultural relativism is to understand a culture on its own terms.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       True

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 68

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           New

 

  1. A person must travel to a foreign country to experience culture shock.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 69

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

  1. Reentry shock involves glorifying the home country.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 70

TOPICS:          Mod 2.4

NOTES:           Pickup

 

 

  1. Sociologists strive to find a cultural marker that applies to everyone who claims membership in a culture.
  2. True
  3. False

 

ANSWER:       False

POINTS:          1

REFERENCES: 49

TOPICS:          Mod 2.1

NOTES:           New

chapter 6

Multiple Choice

 

  1. From a sociological point of view, deviance is any behavior or physical appearance that is socially challenged or condemned because it
  2. is unlawful activity.
  3. is criminal.
  4. departs from the norms and expectations of some group.
  5. hurts someone.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 194

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The sociological contribution to understanding deviant behavior is the emphasis on
  2. the individual.
  3. universal ideas about what is deviance.
  4. the context.
  5. obedience to authority.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The only characteristic common to all forms of deviance is the fact that
  2. they invoke formal sanctions.
  3. everyone in the society is offended by the act considered deviant.
  4. it is uniform across across time and place.
  5. some social audience regards the act or appearance as deviant.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: Chapter opening

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Durkheim argued that, even among groups considered exemplary, some seemingly insignificant act or appearance will be treated as deviant. This argument explains why Durkheim believed that
  2. deviance and crime are distinct concepts.
  3. those in power define what is deviant.
  4. there are some societies in which deviance does not exist.
  5. deviance is present in all societies.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following statements best corresponds with Durkheims perspective on deviance?
  2. It is impossible for any society to be entirely free of deviance.
  3. Behavior that is unthinkable when an individual is acting on his or her own may be executed without hesitation when carried out under orders.
  4. When people become criminals, they do so because of contacts with criminal patterns.
  5. Deviance results from the application of rules and sanctions.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Durkheim argued that the ritual of identifying and exposing a wrongdoing is an emotional experience that gives a sense of order to the community. The idea suggests
  2. it is possible for a society to be entirely free of deviance.
  3. behavior that is unthinkable when an individual is acting on his or her own may be executed without hesitation when carried out under orders.
  4. when people become criminals, they do so because of contacts with criminal patterns and because of isolation from non-criminal patterns.
  5. a group that went too long without noticing deviance would lose its identity.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. To call an addiction a moral problem is to locate its cause in the goodness or badness of human action and to suggest that a solution depends on changing evil ways. To call it a medical problem is to locate its cause in the biological workings of the mind or body and to suggest that a solution rests with a drug, a vaccine, or surgery. This contrast in viewpoint suggests that
  2. labels are important because they tend to evoke a particular cause and a particular solution.
  3. addiction cannot be a medical problem.
  4. there is no right way to talk about addictions.
  5. it is difficult to explain addiction.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 197

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: New

 

  1. If we stop and think about it, most human activities have the equivalent of __________ people who make sure that the rules are followed.
  2. coaches
  3. CEOs
  4. conductors
  5. referees

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 199

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 factual

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. __________ include(s) the methods used to teach, persuade, or force people to comply with norms and expectations.
  2. Mechanisms of social control
  3. Deviance
  4. Conformity
  5. Context

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 199

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 factual

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Ideally, conformity should be
  2. imposed.
  3. established through informal negative sanctions.
  4. something people want to do.
  5. encouraged by offering rewards.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 199

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Ridicule and imprisonment are examples of __________ sanctions.
  2. informal
  3. positive
  4. negative
  5. formal

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Six-year-old Martha picks up her toys and puts them away. Her father smiles and pats her on the back. The smile and pat represent a __________ sanction.
  2. positive formal
  3. negative formal
  4. negative informal
  5. positive informal

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Police officers employ __________ sanctions when they arrest people suspected of breaking the law.
  2. positive formal
  3. negative formal
  4. negative informal
  5. positive informal

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 200

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sociologist Kingsley Dennis recounts the case of a South Korean girl harassed unmercifully over the Internet for not picking up after her dog. Her transgression was caught on tape and posted to the Internet. Dennis called this harassment
  2. group think.
  3. virtual vigilantism.
  4. censorship.
  5. a witch hunt.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Facial hair or a chin strap slightly off angle is treated as a crime in the context of military boot camp. This situation suggests that something is criminal because
  2. the group has defined it as such.
  3. it causes harm to others.
  4. deviance exists in every social setting.
  5. there are no exceptions to the rule.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 196

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.1

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Sociologist Kingsley Dennis dates the rise of decentralized surveillance to which event?
  2. the Rodney King incident
  3. the OJ Simpson trial
  4. Tiananmen Square
  5. September 11, 2001

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Electronic monitoring is an example of
  2. censorship.
  3. surveillance.
  4. conformity.
  5. deviance.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Stanley Milgrams study on obedience to authority offers insights as to how
  2. some social audience comes to define a behavior as deviant.
  3. people in positions of authority manage to get others to accept their definitions of deviance.
  4. deviance can exist even in seemingly perfect societies.
  5. structural strain generates deviance.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 201

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Staff Sergeant Ivan Frederick testified that when at the Abu Ghraib Prison, I questioned some of the things that I saw such as leaving inmates in their cells with no clothes or in female underpants and the answer I got was ,This is how military intelligence wants it done. The dynamics Frederick described best correspond with
  2. Stanley Milgrams Obedience to Authority.
  3. Howard Beckers master status of deviant.
  4. Robert K. Mertons theory of structural strain.
  5. Edward Sutherlands theory of differential association.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 203

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Stanley Milgram wrote, The person who, with inner conviction, loathes stealing, killing, and assault may find himself committing these acts with relative ease. Under what conditions does Milgram believe this happens?
  2. when no one is watching
  3. when under the influence of alcohol
  4. when the persons life is threatened
  5. when commanded by an authority

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 203

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Group think is likely to occur when people in a group with decision-making power
  2. are from different backgrounds.
  3. seek outside opinions.
  4. are highly educated.
  5. believe in the absolute rightness of their cause.

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 204

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following applies to groupthink?
  2. The group is under pressure to take its time.
  3. The group gives no thought to a contingency plan.
  4. Dissenting information is encouraged.
  5. Objectives are very clear.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 204

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.2

NOTES: New

 

  1. Howard Becker wrote, No one really knows how much this phenomenon exists, but the amount is very sizable, much more than we are apt to think. Becker was writing about
  2. secret deviants.
  3. innovators.
  4. conformists.
  5. witch-hunts.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A student writes, I used to sell drugs. I was very careful. I watched who I sold to and didnt take any new customers. I was never caught. This student can be classified as
  2. a conformist.
  3. a secret deviant.
  4. falsely accused.
  5. a pure deviant.

 

ANSWER: b

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ are people that have broken the rules and are caught, punished, and labeled as outsiders.
  2. Conformists
  3. Secret deviants
  4. The falsely accused
  5. Pure deviants

 

ANSWER: d

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. __________ are people who have broken the rules but whose violation goes unnoticed.
  2. Pure deviants
  3. The falsely accused
  4. Secret deviants
  5. Conformists

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. A U.S. Bureau of Justice survey of crime victims documented that almost 50 percent of violent crimes go unreported. This fact suggests that there are large numbers of __________ in U.S. society.
  2. conformists
  3. pure deviants
  4. secret deviants
  5. falsely accused

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 207

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.02 applied

TOPICS: Mod 6.3

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Reseachers Michael L. Radelet and Adam Bedau reviewed more than 800 cases of innocent people being convicted of capital crimes, and they found that 56 had
  2. made false confessions.
  3. received early parole.
  4. pleaded their innocence.
  5. no jury trial.

 

ANSWER: a

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 214

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.03 factual

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. Which one of the following statements is most closely associated with differential association theory?
  2. It is impossible for any society to be entirely free of deviance.
  3. Behavior that is unthinkable in an individual who is acting on his or her own may be executed without hesitation when carried out under orders.
  4. People learn criminal behavior from closely interacting with those who engage in and approve of law-breaking activities.
  5. Deviance is a consequence not of a particular behavior but of the application of rules and sanctions.

 

ANSWER: c

POINTS: 1

REFERENCES: 217

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: SSOC.FERR.15.01 comprehensive

TOPICS: Mod 6.5

NOTES: Pickup

 

  1. The position of pharmacist offers the opportunity to steal prescription drugs. This possibility speaks to
  2. structural strain.
  3. differential association.
  4. illegitimate opportunity structure.
  5. corporate crime.

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