Society And Technological Change 8th Edition by Rudi Volti Test Bank

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Society And Technological Change 8th Edition by Rudi Volti Test Bank

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WITH ANSWERS

Society And Technological Change 8th Edition by Rudi Volti Test Bank

Chapter 6

Technology, Energy, and the Environment

Short Answers

  1. How many pounds of carbon dioxide does the average car produce in the course of being driven 100 miles? p. 107
  2. What is the greenhouse effect? What causes it? p. 107
  3. What was W. Stanley Jevons assessment of the future of energy supplies in the industrial nations of the late 19th century?  Was he correct? pp. 112
  4. How does the cost of a kilowatt-hour of electricity produced by photovoltaic cells compare with the costs of other sources of electricity? p. 115
  5. What is meant by energy intensity?  How has energy intensity changed over the decades? p. 117
  6. In dollar terms, how has federally sponsored R&D into renewable energy sources compared with R&D support for other sources of energy? Why do you think that is? p. 122

Essay Questions

  1. Describe a current or possible technological fix for a particular environmental problem. What are some of the non-technological issues that will have to be addressed in order to make use of this technology? pp. 105-111
  2. What are some of the predicted consequences of climate change? p. 107-108
  3. What are some of the complications that attend efforts to ascertain current supplies of petroleum?. pp. 109-110
  4. To what extent might nuclear energy replace fossil-fuel based energy in the years to come? pp. 113-117
  5. What are some of the ways through which automobiles have become more fuel-efficient in recent years? p. 118-119

Chapter 7

Medical Technologies

Short Answers

  1. Until the last century-and-a-half, how much did medical practices contribute to longer life expectancies? Why? What other factors contributed to improve life expectation?  pp. 127-128
  2. How are medical practices affected when large numbers of specialists are present? Why? How does this affect patient satisfaction? p. 128
  3. Compare the percentage of medical costs covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance versus patient-paid cost in 2004 and 1960. How did this trend affect the cost of medical care? p. 128-129
  4. What was the Seattle Admissions and Policy Committee? According to what criteria did they make their decisions? What did the critics say about their work? pp. 131
  5. How did government financial support for dialysis treatment come about? What has been the effect of dialysis on the total Medicare budget? p. 131-133
  6. What is amniocentesis? What consequences may attend its use? p. 141

Essay Questions

  1. Why is medical care often not subject to the usual laws of economics? p. 128-129
  2. In the medical realm, what is meant by a halfway technology? Give some examples. pp. 143
  3. Has the decades-long effort to create an artificial heart been a success? Why? Do you think that there could have been better uses for the funds devoted to the development of the artificial heart? pp. 133-137
  4. What have been some of the negative consequences of using and over-using medical tests? pp. 137-139
  5. How have new reproductive technology altered the traditional understanding of biological parenthood? pp. 140-142

Chapter 7

Medical Technologies

Short Answers

  1. Until the last century-and-a-half, how much did medical practices contribute to longer life expectancies? Why? What other factors contributed to improve life expectation?  pp. 127-128
  2. How are medical practices affected when large numbers of specialists are present? Why? How does this affect patient satisfaction? p. 128
  3. Compare the percentage of medical costs covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance versus patient-paid cost in 2004 and 1960. How did this trend affect the cost of medical care? p. 128-129
  4. What was the Seattle Admissions and Policy Committee? According to what criteria did they make their decisions? What did the critics say about their work? pp. 131
  5. How did government financial support for dialysis treatment come about? What has been the effect of dialysis on the total Medicare budget? p. 131-133
  6. What is amniocentesis? What consequences may attend its use? p. 141

Essay Questions

  1. Why is medical care often not subject to the usual laws of economics? p. 128-129
  2. In the medical realm, what is meant by a halfway technology? Give some examples. pp. 143
  3. Has the decades-long effort to create an artificial heart been a success? Why? Do you think that there could have been better uses for the funds devoted to the development of the artificial heart? pp. 133-137
  4. What have been some of the negative consequences of using and over-using medical tests? pp. 137-139
  5. How have new reproductive technology altered the traditional understanding of biological parenthood? pp. 140-142

Chapter 15

Weapons and Their Consequences

Short Answers

  1. How did the Greek phalanx form of warfare work? What was essential to its military success? pp. 299-300
  2. What is the origin of the word engineer? p. 301
  3. Which weapons were particularly effective when used against mounted knights? pp. 303
  4. What happened at the Battle of Omdurman? pp. 311
  5. How did submarine warfare change the rules of naval combat? p. 311-312

Essay Questions

  1. How did the Roman manner of waging war contrast with the Greek way?  pp. 299-301
  2. What role did the stirrup play in the establishment of the medieval social order? pp. 302
  3. Why was drill an essential aspect of warfare from the 16th century onwards? How did it affect civilian institutions? pp. 308.
  4. Why did the emergence and development of steam-powered vessels threaten established naval procedures and culture? pp. 309-310
  5. How did changes in military technology affect the growth and development of the modern state? pp. 310-311
  6. What was accomplished by strategic bombing during World War II? What costs were borne by the nations that employed it? pp. 312-315

Chapter 20

Governing Technology

Short Answers

  1. What is a negative externality? Give an example. p. 402
  2. How may certain tax policies affect technological advance? p. 403
  3. What are the approximate distribution of government R&D funds for different energy sectors from 2003 to 2012? 404-405
  4. What was the first example the federal governments effort to encourage technological advance? p. 406
  5. How may focusing events shape future policies? p. 409-410
  6. What is the iron triangle? How has it affected technology policy? p. 412
  7. According to Ernest Fitzgerald, what are the two phases of innovative military programs? p. 412

Essay Questions

  1. How did the federal government contribute to the development of the semiconductor and computer industries? p. 405-406
  2. What are the key agencies of the federal government that shape technology policies? pp. 407-408
  3. What are some technological systems that work in close conjunction with federal and state governments? pp. 407-408
  4. What was the Office of Technology Assessment? What happened to it? Why? pp. 408
  5. Why are efforts to democratize technological decisions often reactive in nature? pp. 413-414
  6. How has the growth of the electronic media affected political processes in recent years? p. 414

 

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