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Chapter 7: W.E.B. Du Bois
1.Du Bois was primarily concerned with the nature and intersection of race and class, however during the last twenty-three years of his long life, he wrote provocatively on
a.status and power
b.race and education
*c.colonialism and imperialism
d.education and economy
2.Du Bois was primarily concerned with the nature and intersection of
a.status and power
*b.race and class
c.race and education
d.status and structure
3.Du Bois conducted primarily which types of research?
a.participant observation, empirical experiments, political essays
b.empirical studies, early telephone interviews, political essays
*c.empirical studies, interpretative essays, political essays
d.interpretative essays, ethnographies, and surveys
4.Du Bois believed the responsibility of the Talented Tenth was what?
*a.Win freedom and justice for all African Americans.
b.Inhabit key governmental positions.
c.Create and lead powerful capitalist industries.
d.Lead scholarship in Pan-African studies.
5.In The Philadelphia Negro Du Boiss typology recognizes the power of nonrational factors when it depicts an upper-class
a.thin blue line
6.The basic theoretical orientation of Du Bois as established by the authors is
7.Which of the following methods did Du Bois not employ when conducting his research for The Philadelphia Negro?
8.Du Bois states which of the following as the reason for why he was commissioned to perform his study in the Seventh Ward?
a.Philadelphia wanted to support sociological research
b.He did so to finish his graduate degree
*c.White Philadelphians already believed the area corrupt and cancerous
d.His was the first study for Philadelphias social services department
9.The authors state Du Boiss work The Philadelphia Negro can best be described as which of the following?
10.In The Philadelphia Negro, Du Bois states which of the following as the vastest of the Negro problems?
*c.the color line
11.Du Bois concludes with which of the following in The Philadelphia Negro regarding the Negro problems, except?
a.these problems are a function of historical conditions
b.individuals need to change both their attitudes and behaviors
c.these problems are a function of structural conditions
*d.political interests hands in their condition
12.The Souls of Black Folk exposed a political and intellectual schism between radical political activists such as Du Bois and moderates like
a.Ida B. Wells-Barnett
*b.Booker T. Washington
c.The Talented Tenth
13.The Souls of Black Folk differs from The Philadelphia Negro because
a.it relies solely on empirical data.
*b.it introduced a new soulful voice from Du Bois.
c.it approaches race on a rational level.
d.it introduces Du Boiss typology.
14.Du Bois defines double-consciousness as:
a.The relation of the darker to the lighter races of men.
*b.The feeling of two-ness and the sense of always looking at ones self through the eyes of others.
c.Feelings of racism and inequality.
d.The essence and power of black spirituality.
15.Du Bois defines the color line as:
*a.The relation of the darker to the lighter races of men.
b.The feeling of two-ness and the sense of always looking at ones self through the eyes of others.
c.Feelings of racism and inequality.
d.The essence and power of black spirituality.
16.For Du Bois, when did race become central to world history?
*a.When the color line began to pay via colonization
b.the birth of capitalism
c.division of labor in ancient Egypt
d.beginning of Chinese civilization
17.According to Du Bois the most pressing problem facing American society is
*b.the color line
18.Du Bois defines this institution as the social center of Negro life in the United States and felt it could and should do more for its people.
*b.the Black church
d.the family structure
19.When Du Bois asks why did God make me an outcast and a stranger in mine own house? he is reflecting on the ________ aspects of race and racism.
20.The concept of double-consciousness parallels which theorists notion?
21.In The Souls of Black Folk, Du Bois stepped within the _______, raising it that you may view faintly its deeper recesses
b.the color line
d.division of labor
22.The Souls of White Folk differs from The Souls of Black Folk in that its tone can be considered more
23.In The Souls of White Folk, Du Bois argues that racism
a.is unconnected to European colonialism
b.is receding as whites souls become more tolerant
c.in America is less oppressive than in other nations
*d.America is oppressive in structure and practice
24.Du Bois argues in The Souls of White Folk that while African Americans possess a double-consciousness, whites have
*c.no racial consciousness
25.Which of Du Boiss work reverses the gaze of racial domination?
a.The Souls of Black Folk
*b.The Souls of White Folk
c.The Philadelphia Negro
26.The Talented Tenth was the intellectual group Du Bois joined when he traveled through Europe.
27.Du Boiss work is exemplary in that it illuminates the intertwined structural and subjective causes and consequences of class, race, and racism.
28.Du Boiss work The Philadelphia Negro recognized both rational and nonrational factors.
29.Du Bois used a multidimensional approach to race and class.
30.The Philadelphia Negro is the first major sociological study of an African American community ever published in the United States.
31.Du Bois largely ignored demographic data when performing research in the Seventh Ward for his work The Philadelphia Negro.
One of the strengths of Du Boiss study is that he completed 5,000 surveys and interviews with residents of the Seventh Ward.
33.Du Bois systematically sets out the specific social consequences of prejudice and discrimination within The Philadelphia Negro.
34.The conclusion of The Philadelphia Negro squarely places the blame on the structure of white society for all the problems of the residents of the Seventh Ward.
35.The Souls of Black Folk solidified agreement in positions between Du Bois and Booker T. Washington.
36.Du Bois recognized that race does not work or exist solely at the rational level.
37.Du Bois was intensely critical of the Black church and thought it could/should do more for its people.
38.The color line refers to the lines of poverty Du Bois studied in The Philadelphia Negro.
39.The veil represents the most pressing problem for the U.S. according to Du Bois.
40.The Soul of White Folks proved Whites experience a double consciousness.
Short Answer Questions:
41.Define Du Boiss concept of the Talented Tenth. Explain why you agree or disagree with this concept.
*Discusses the belief that Du Bois had about the percentage of African-Americans that can pull the race out of the position the group as a whole is in within the American system.
42.Discuss how well you feel Du Boiss ideas have translated into contemporary times. Do you feel he could still write his works today and they would still be relevant? If so, how?
*Varies. Applies various topics from Du Bois work to contemporary issues around race discourse.
43.Discuss the importance of Du Boiss term colortocracy as it pertains to sociological study.
*Varies. Discusses the importance of colortocracy within sociological inquiry.
44.Explain how Du Boiss notion of a color line can be found in different quadrants of American life, today. Apply his analytical framework to investigate modern American race discourse.
*Varies. Provides useful examples from modern American race discourse and applies Du Bois arguments.
45.Explain Du Boiss concept of the veil. Show how it relates to his other concepts double-consciousness and the color line.
46.Compare and contrast Du Boiss double consciousness to Simmels notion of the stranger.
47.Explain what Du Bois is discussing when he states this sense of always looking at ones self through the eyes of others, of measuring ones soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity.
48.Summarize Du Boiss main points concerning his stance on Booker T. Washington.
49.Compare and contrast Du Boiss theory of the oppression of black Americans with Gilmans theory of the oppression of women. What are some of the similarities (if any) and differences (if any) between these two perspectives?
*Varies. Du Boiss work is exemplary in that it illuminates the intertwined structural and subjective causes and consequences of class, race, and racism. She drew from a variety of theoretical wells including Marxism, symbolic interactionism, and social Darwinism. Her multidimensional theory of gender inequality combines (1) a Marxist emphasis on the economic and political basis for gender inequality, (2) a symbolic interactionist emphasis on how these gender differences are reinforced and institutionalized through the process of socialization, and (3) a sociobiological emphasis on the evolutionary advantages or roots of gender differences.
50.Compare and contrast the goals and tone of The Souls of Black Folk with The Souls of White Folk. Be sure to place both pieces within their respective historical contexts.
*First, historically, The Souls of Black Folk is important because it explicitly exposed an important intellectual and political schism in the black community between the more moderate Booker T. Washington; and the more radical Du Bois. Second, from a social science standpoint, The Souls of Black Folk is significant because Du Bois writes in a new voice. Disgusted by the failure of sound empirical research to lead to desperately needed social change for the African American community and having done the empirical work himself, Du Bois became convinced that empirical data alone would never convince white Americans of the true workings of racial discrimination and prejudice.
51.Summarize the main points from Du Boiss The Souls of Black Folk. Also include the three reasons as outlined by the authors as to why this particular piece is notable.
*First, historically, The Souls of Black Folk is important because it explicitly exposed an important intellectual and political schism in the black community between the more moderate Booker T. Washington; and the more radical Du Bois. Second, from a social science standpoint, The Souls of Black Folk is significant because Du Bois writes in a new voice. Disgusted by the failure of sound empirical research to lead to desperately needed social change for the African American community and having done the empirical work himself, Du Bois became convinced that empirical data alone would never convince white Americans of the true workings of racial discrimination and prejudice. Third, The Souls of Black Folk is important theoretically because it contains three interrelated concepts for which Du Bois is now famous: the color line, double consciousness, and the veil.
52.Discuss Du Boiss concepts of the color line, the veil, and double consciousness using concrete examples. What theoretical issue/s do these concepts raise?
*The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color linethe relation of the darker to the lighter races of men in Asia and Africa, in America and the islands of the sea Africas poverty is inexorably linked to colonialism and imperial domination; the wealth of the colonial empires of England, France, Germany, and the United States comes directly from the darker races of the world
Du Bois also addresses race as a symbolic and experiential reality. This emphasis on the nonrational workings of the color line is highlighted in his question, How does it feel to be a problem?
Du Boiss concepts of the veil and double consciousness: The Negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second sight in this American worlda world which yields him no self-consciousness
53.Discuss Du Boiss use of the term clairvoyance in The Souls of White Folk. Be sure to also define and discuss the consciousness of whites as stated by Du Bois. Further, show how the concepts of democracy and religion play into this discussion.
*Du Bois suggests that, unbeknownst to whites, African Americans can see what it means to be white. Blacks clairvoyance comes from their servile position. As servants in one form or another, blacks are exposed to the intimate details of whites lives, hence they see whites as they really are. Most important, what blacks see is that whites typically practice the very opposite of what they preach. Du Bois condemns whites not only for their hypocrisy, but also for their delusion. Thus, Du Bois declares white Christianity a miserable failure because the number of whites who actually practice the democracy and unselfishness of Jesus Christ is so small as to be farcical.
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