Test Bank Diversity and Society Race Ethnicity and Gender 5th Edition by Joseph F. Healey

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Test Bank Diversity and Society Race Ethnicity and Gender 5th Edition by Joseph F. Healey

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Diversity and Society Race Ethnicity and Gender 5th Edition by Joseph F. Healey -Test Bank

Chapter 2: Assimilation and Pluralism: From Immigrants to White Ethnics

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. ________ sees assimilation as benign and egalitarian, a process that emphasizes sharing and inclusion.
  2. Anglo-conformity
  3. Americanization

*c. The melting pot

  1. An ethnic enclave
  2. The middleman minority

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Types of Assimilation; p. 49

Question Type: MC

 

  1. When integration into the majority becomes substantial, the basis for ________ third stage of assimilation is established.

*a. Gordons

  1. Parks
  2. Beckers
  3. Blauners
  4. Noels

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 52
Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following theories argues that status attainment is a direct result of education, personal values, skills, and other individual characteristics and abilities?
  2. Social exchange theory

*b. Human capital theory

  1. Parks assimilation theory
  2. Gordons assimilation theory
  3. None of the above

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; p. 53
Question Type: MC

 

  1. According to the text, which traditions still have a significant influence on American culture and society?
    a. Chinese American traditions
  2. Mexican American traditions

*c. Anglo-Saxon Protestant traditions

  1. African American traditions
  2. Eastern European American traditions
    Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
    Answer Location: Types of Assimilation; p. 49
    Question Type: MC

 

  1. It was ________ that concluded that U.S. society in the 1960s actually incorporated not three but four melting pots, each of which were internally subdivided by social class.
  2. Park
  3. Marx
  4. Herberg

*d. Gordon

  1. Blau

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 83
Question Type: MC

 

  1. As late as 1920, 81% percent of employed ________ in the U.S. worked as domestics.
  2. Italian-born women
  3. Eastern Europeanborn Jewish women
  4. German-born women
  5. Norwegian-born women

*e. Irish-born women

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Gender; p. 84

Question Type: MC

 

  1. ________ work was the second most prevalent form of employment among Irish-born women as late as 1920.

*a. Factory

  1. Domestic
  2. House
  3. Office
  4. Farming

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Gender; p. 84

Question Type: MC

 

  1. From what group can a large percentage of immigrants between 1899 and 1924 be considered sojourners?
    a. Eastern European Jewish immigrants
  2. German immigrants
  3. Norwegian immigrants

*d. Italian immigrants

  1. Irish immigrants

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Sojourners; p. 86

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The Pennsylvania Dutch, or the ________, a religious community, are also a culturally pluralistic group.
  2. Hollanders
  3. Brits
  4. Mennonites

*d. Amish

  1. None of the above

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 55

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following groups is considered a middleman minority?
  2. Cuban Americans
  3. Chinese Americans
  4. Korean Americans
  5. Indian Americans

*e. All of the above
Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 56

Question Type: MC

 

  1. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, there was a notable increase in the visibility of and interest in white ethnic heritage, an upsurge often referred to as the ________.
  2. white supremacy movement

*b. ethnic revival

  1. ethclass
  2. ethnogenesis
  3. none of the above

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: The Evolution of White Ethnicity; p. 90

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The process of assimilation could be illustrated by . . .
  2. Immigrants celebrating the holidays of their native country
  3. The great-grandson of an immigrant changing his name back to the original spelling
  4. A minority group member being expelled from high school because of fighting

*d. An immigrant learning the language of her new country

  1. An immigrant refusing to speak English with her family

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Acculturation or Cultural Assimilation; p. 51

Question Type: MC

 

  1. A politician states in a campaign speech, It is inevitable that our group differences will disappear as we grow and mature as a society. This statement echoes the thinking of ________.

*a. Robert Park

  1. Milton Gordon
  2. Andrew Greely
  3. Robert Blauner
  4. Karl Marx

Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Robert Park; p. 51

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following categories is considered a part of the primary sector of social structure?
  2. Businesses
  3. Schools

*c. Families

  1. Bureaucracies
  2. Labor unions

Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 51

Question Type: MC

 

  1. When ________ assimilation occurs, two or more groups come to share common attitudes, values, and lifestyles.

*a. cultural

  1. structural
  2. generational
  3. fluid competitive
  4. intergenerational

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 52

Question Type: MC

 

  1. In Milton Gordons theory of assimilation, the most crucial step toward assimilation is from ________.
  2. integration to acculturation

*b. acculturation to integration

  1. assimilation to pluralism
  2. Anglo-conformity to the melting pot
  3. integration to intermarriage

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 53

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Kennedy studied multicultural intermarriage and described a phenomenon she called a triple melting pot, referring to the multicultural intermarriage within three separate groups: ________.
  2. African Americans, European Americans, and Jews
  3. Native Americans, Hispanics, and African Americans
  4. Jews, Muslims, and Buddhists

*d. Protestants, Catholics, and Jews

  1. Mormons, Jews, and Catholics

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Religion; p. 83

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which intermarriage best illustrates Kennedys concept of the triple melting pot?
  2. Marriage between an Irish Catholic woman and a Russian Jewish man
  3. An interracial marriage between an African American man and a European American woman
  4. Marriage between an Irish Catholic man and an Irish Protestant woman
  5. Marriage between a Native American woman and a French Protestant man

*e. Marriage between a Polish Jewish man and a Russian Jewish woman

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Religion; p. 83

Question Type: MC

 

  1. An increase of interest in pluralism has recently been stimulated by the apparent failure of ________ to occur in U.S. society.
  2. Anglo-conformity
  3. ethnogenesis
  4. equality

*d. assimilation

  1. the triple melting pot

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Pluralism; pp. 5455

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The concept of multiculturalism includes which of the following?

*a. The idea of mutual respect for all groups and heritages

  1. The ultimate goal that we will all be one nationality: Americans
  2. The intermarriage of Protestants, Catholics, and Jews
  3. Segregation from people who are racially inferior to you
  4. Being tolerant toward people who are less accomplished than you

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Pluralism; p. 55

Question Type: MC

 

  1. A third type of pluralism that reversed Gordons first two stages was ________.
  2. acculturation without pluralism
  3. acculturation without separatism

*c. integration without acculturation

  1. integration without equality
  2. separatism without integration

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 56

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following best illustrates an enclave minority?

*a. Chinatown, located in San Francisco

  1. A Native American reservation in South Dakota
  2. Isolated ethnic stores in a run-down urban area
  3. An Amish community in rural Ohio
  4. A commune in a college town

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 56

Question Type: MC

 

  1. One of the first to support pluralism, newspaper editor ________ argued in The Nation in 1915 that the existence of separate ethnic groupseven with separate cultures, religions, and languagescould be quite consistent with a democratic political system.
  2. Robert Park
  3. Milton Gordon

*c. Horace Kallen

  1. Stephen Steinberg
  2. Karl Marx

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 54

Question Type: MC

 

  1. When integration into the primary sector becomes substantial, the basis for Gordons ________ stage of assimilation is established
    a. first
  2. second
  3. fourth

*d. third

  1. fifth

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Intermarriage or Marital Assimilation; p. 52

Question Type: MC

 

  1. ________ pluralism exists when groups practice a common culture but do so with minimal interaction across group boundaries.
    a. Segmented
  2. Cultural

*c. Structural

  1. Multicultural
  2. Enclave

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Intermarriage or Marital Assimilation; p. 56

Question Type: MC

 

  1. ________ immigrant groups who were ethnically similar to the dominant group generally experienced a lower degree of ethnocentric rejection.
  2. Southern European
  3. Eastern European
  4. Italian

*d. Northern and Western European

  1. Southern and Eastern European

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Northern and Western Protestant Europeans; p. 64

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Movement from acculturation to integration was smoother for immigrants from ________ when compared to other groups.

*a. Norway, the Netherlands, and England

  1. Poland, Russia, and the Ukraine
  2. Bulgaria and Hungary
  3. Italy
  4. Greece

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Assimilation Patterns; p. 67

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following is the most important factor of success according to the status attainment theory?
  2. Coming from a wealthy family
  3. Working hard

*c. Getting a good education

  1. Superior intellect
  2. Religious beliefs that are consistent with American values

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; p. 53

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following are the key components of ethclass?
  2. Gender and class
  3. Gender and race

*c. Class and ethnicity

  1. Class and race
  2. Ethnicity and gender

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; p. 83

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The single largest ancestry group in the United States is ________.
  2. Irish American

*b. German American

  1. Italian American
  2. Mexican American
  3. French American
    Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
    Answer Location: Geographic Distribution; p. 87

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Based on data from the 1990 census, about ________ of all married whites have spouses whose ethnic backgrounds do not match their own.
  2. 10%

*b. 56%

  1. 100%
  2. 26%
  3. 32%

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Integration and Equality; p. 88

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The metaphor of the melting pot refers to the process of ________.

*a. assimilation

  1. segregation
  2. accreditation
  3. secession
  4. pluralism

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Assimilation; p. 49
Question Type: MC

  1. ________ encompasses all aspects of the way of life associated with a group of people.
  2. Structure
  3. Acceptance
  4. Social stratification

*d. Culture

  1. Amalgamation

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 51
Question Type: MC

 

  1. A(n) ________ includes networks of social relationships, groups, organizations, stratification systems, communities, and families.

*a. social structure

  1. pluralistic state
  2. acculturation system
  3. culture
  4. democracy

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 51

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Henry Kissinger, the 56th American secretary of state, was born Heinz Alfred Kissinger to a

family of German Jews. His use of the American name Henry reflects ________.

*a. cultural assimilation

  1. cultural pluralism
  2. structural assimilation
  3. cultural rejection
  4. marital assimilation

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Acculturation or Cultural Assimilation; p. 51
Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which groups commonly experience what Gordon called acculturation without integration?
  2. Racial majority groups

*b. Racial minority groups

  1. European immigrants
  2. All groups
  3. Secessionist groups

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Intermarriage or Marital Assimilation; p. 52

Question Type: MC

 

  1. According to Hansen, second-generation immigrants tended to raise their children in ________ settings.
  2. ethnic
  3. ethnic revival

*c. nonethnic
d. multiethnicity

  1. diverse ethnicity

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: The Evolution of White Ethnicity; p. 89
Question Type: MC

  1. Over the last century, American sociologists have been very concerned with assimilation as a result of . . .
  2. The aftermath of slavery
  3. Their attempts to emulate European sociologists who study assimilation
  4. Funding sources that promote its study
  5. Requests from United States government agencies

*e. The massive population movement from Europe to the United States that occurred between the 1820s and the 1920s

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Assimilation; p. 48
Question Type: MC

  1. According to the human capital theory, the reason(s) for upward mobility and assimilation is/are ________.
  2. Americanization
    b. our society is equally open and fair to all groups
    c. being born into a privileged status
  3. more people purchasing new technology

*e. education and training

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; p. 53
Question Type: MC

  1. The economic success of enclave and middleman minorities is partly due to ________.
    *a. strong ties of cooperation
    b. weak cultural bonds
  2. assimilation
  3. Americanization
  4. acculturation

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 56

Question Type: MC

 

 

True/False

 

  1. Structural pluralism exists when groups have not acculturated, and each maintains its own identity.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Structural Pluralism; pp. 5556

Question Type: TF

  1. The experiences of female immigrants have been well documented and reflect those of their male counterparts.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Gender; p. 84

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Assimilation is the process in which formerly distinct and separate groups come to share a common culture and merge together socially.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge

Answer Location: Gender; p. 48

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. The United States is the epitome of a melting pot, where people of different cultures come together to create a unique society.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Types of Assimilation; p. 49

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Assimilation in the United States has generally been a coercive and one-sided process described as Anglo-conformity.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Types of Assimilation; p. 49

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. According to human capital theory, people or groups who fail to achieve upward mobility have not made the right kinds of educational investments.
    *a. True
  2. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; p. 53

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Robert Park focused primarily on ethnic diversity in describing pluralism.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Robert Park; p. 50

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. During acculturation, members of a minority group who immigrate to the U.S. might adopt the English language, change their eating habits, acquire new value systems, or change their names.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Acculturation or Cultural Assimilation; p. 51

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. According to Milton Gordon, marital assimilation is evidence of the completion of assimilation.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Intermarriage or Marital Assimilation; p. 52

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. The human capital theory assumes that a persons investment in machinery or new technology is the determining factor of ones status attainment in society.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; p. 53

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Although European Americans did not completely intermarry, there is evidence of patterns of a triple melting pot, with intermarriage occurring within various groups of Protestants, Catholics, and Jews.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Religion; p. 83

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Gordon recognized that in addition to intermarriage within religions, social class and race have also intersected, forming what he called ethclass.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Social Class; p. 83

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Structural pluralism exists when groups have not acculturated, and each maintains its own identity.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 56

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. According to Gordon, integration without acculturation is demonstrated by a group when it has had some material success but has not adopted uniquely American values and norms and/or learned fluent English.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Types of Pluralism; p. 56

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. The goal of separatism is for the group to sever all ties with the larger society.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Other Group Relationships; p. 59

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Assimilation is often couched in the language of multiculturalism, a term for a variety of programs and ideas that stress mutual respect for all groups and for the multiple heritages that have shaped the United States.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Pluralism; p. 55

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. An example of cultural assimilation or acculturation would be an immigrant from India changing his or her eating habits from Indian to American foods, such as hamburgers and french fries instead of curry and rice.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Acculturation or Cultural Assimilation; p. 51

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Sojourners are immigrants who are committed to Americanization.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Sojourners; p. 86

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Human capital theory is inconsistent with American values.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; p. 53

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. In a typical immigrant chain, European immigrant women would come to America, earn money, and establish themselves. Then, they would send for others from their villages to join them.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Chains of Immigration; p. 71

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Chain immigration, although modified by modern technology, continues to work today.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Chains of Immigration; p. 71

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. In general, immigrant females outnumbered males, as women had better luck in getting factory, teaching, and domestic jobs.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Gender; p. 84

Question Type: T/F

  1. Ethnic succession can be observed in the institution of sports. Sports have been appealing to young men in minority groups that have few other resources or opportunities.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Other Pathways; p. 77

Question Type: T/F

  1. It was a coincidence that European immigration, American industrialization, and the rise to global prominence occurred simultaneously.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: From Immigration to White Ethnics; p. 62

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. After a century, many descendants of immigrants from Europe migrated far from where their ancestors settled in the United States.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Geographic Distribution; p. 87

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. The phenomenon known as the triple melting pot refers to a pattern of structural assimilation within three religions.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Religion; p. 83

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Pluralism exists when diverse groups coexist while maintaining separate identities.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Pluralism; p. 48

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Racial minority groups have been largely excluded from the melting-pot model of assimilation.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Types of Assimilation; p. 49

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Assimilation is a one-way process, and group members only become more assimilated over time.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Types of Assimilation; p. 53

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. Culture organizes the work of a society and connects individuals to one another and to the larger society.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Milton Gordon; p. 51

Question Type: T/F

 

  1. The visibility of cultural pluralism among racial minority groups has helped make it more acceptable for European Americans to express their own ethnicity and heritage.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: The Evolution of White Ethnicity; p. 90

Question Type: T/F

 

Question Type: Essay

 

  1. Compare and contrast assimilation and pluralism. How are they alike and different? What forms can assimilation take? What forms can pluralism take?

*a. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Analysis
Answer Location: Main Points; pp. 9697

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. Briefly summarize Gordons theory of assimilation. Identify each of his first three major stages, and explain the relationships among them. Be sure to distinguish between primary and secondary structural integration.
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Milton Gordon; pp. 5153

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. Compare and contrast each of the three types of pluralism cited in the text: cultural, structural, and integration without acculturation.
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location; Pluralism; pp. 5456

Question Type: SA

 

  1. Compare and contrast middleman and enclave minority groups. Provide examples of each.
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location; Pluralism; p. 56

Question Type: SA

 

  1. Explain how religion, social class, and gender shaped the patterns of European immigration in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Varies

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. Explain what the following statement refers to: For better or worse, the white Anglo-Saxon Protestant tradition was for two centuriesand in crucial respects still isthe dominant influence on American culture and society (Schlesinger, 1992, p. 28). What are some examples that support this assertion?

*a. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension

Answer Location: Types of Assimilation; p. 49

Question Type: SA

 

  1. In what ways are human capital theory and traditional American culture and values consistent? What are some potential limitations of such overlap?
  2. Varies
    Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Answer Location: Human Capital Theory; pp. 5354

Question Type: ESS

 

 

  1. What does Hansen mean when saying, What the second generation tries to forget, the third generation tries to remember? Explain what Gallagher means by his proposed addendum to this principle that says, What the grandson wished to remember, the great-granddaughter has never been told.
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Answer Location: The Evolution of White Ethnicity; pp. 8991

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. Compare and contrast the theoretical perspectives presented in the text to discuss the projected future of ethnic and minority group relations in America.
    a. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Analysis

Answer Location: Varies

Question Type: ESS

Chapter 5: African Americans: From Segregation to Modern Institutional Discrimination and Modern Racism

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. Which of the following statements about African Americans today is false?
  2. African Americans are highly urbanized.
  3. African Americans are represented in virtually every occupational grouping.
  4. African Americans are dispersed throughout the United States.
  5. African Americans are visible at the highest levels of U.S. society, including the Supreme Court.

*e. None of the above

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Primary Structural Assimilation; p. 186
Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following presidents signed an executive order banning discrimination in defense-related industries?

*a. Franklin D. Roosevelt

  1. John F. Kennedy
  2. Jimmy Carter
  3. Harry Truman
  4. Lyndon B. Johnson

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Wartime Developments; p. 188
Question Type: MC

 

  1. The civil rights movements principles of nonviolence were adopted from the tenets of Christianity and from the teachings of ________.
  2. President Kennedy

*b. Mohandas Gandhi

  1. Karl Marx
  2. Malcolm X
  3. Thurgood Marshall

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Nonviolent Direct Action Protest; p. 190

Question Type: MC

  1. The most well-known spokesperson for the Nation of Islam was ________.
  2. Thurgood Marshall

*b. Malcolm X

  1. Marcus Garvey
  2. Fannie Lou Hamer
  3. Huey Newton

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Nation of Islam; p. 195

Question Type: MC

  1. Both the civil rights and Black Power movements tended to be dominated by ________.

*a. men

  1. African American women
  2. white women
  3. both genders
  4. African American women and white women

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Gender and Black Protest; p. 196

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision overturned the principle of ________, established in Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896.
  2. no taxation without representation

*b. separate but equal

  1. justice within inequality
  2. equal access to all public facilities
  3. white teachers in black school houses

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka; p. 189

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The beginning of the civil rights movement is often traced back to ________.

*a. Montgomery, Alabama

  1. Selma, Alabama
  2. Birmingham, Alabama
  3. Biloxi, Mississippi
  4. New Orleans, Louisiana

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Nonviolent Direct Action Protest; p. 189

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Rosa Parks, a seamstress and NAACP member, is famous for . . .

*a. Refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man

  1. Refusing to leave an all-white coffeehouse
  2. Being the first black student to integrate an all-white school
  3. Founding the NAACP
  4. Founding the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Nonviolent Direct Action Protest; p. 189

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The goals of the civil rights movement are akin to the concept of ________.
  2. separatism
  3. pluralism
  4. nationalism

*d. assimilation

  1. segregation

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Civil Rights Movement; p. 192

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The race riots of the mid-1960s began in a black neighborhood in ________.

*a. Watts, Los Angeles

  1. Detroit
  2. Newark
  3. St. Louis
  4. Washington, D.C.

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Unrest; p. 193

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following leaders is most closely associated with the Black Power movement?
  2. Martin Luther King
  3. A. Philip Randolph
  4. Thurgood Marshall

*d. Malcolm X

  1. Fannie Lou Hamer

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location The Black Power Movement; p. 195

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The Black Power movement was an important move toward ________.
  2. acculturation

*b. pluralism

  1. assimilation
  2. integration
  3. segregation

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location The Black Power Movement; p. 195

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Fannie Lou Hamer of Mississippi founded the ________.
  2. Black Muslims
  3. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

*c. Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

  1. White Citizens Council
  2. Black Panther Party

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Gender and Black Protest; p. 197

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Unlike in the urban uprisings of the 1960s, those following the acquittals of police officers in the Rodney King case . . .

*a. Organized attacks directly on whites and on other minority groups

  1. Organized attacks only on police officers
  2. Organized mostly peaceful, nonviolent demonstrations
  3. Focused on directly attacking the white community
  4. Ensured that there were no casualties

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Criminal Justice System and African Americans; p. 200

Question Type: MC

 

  1. According to one national survey, ________ percent of young black men felt that they had been

treated unfairly in dealings with the police.

  1. 10
  2. 60
  3. 25

*d. 17

  1. 50

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Racial Profiling; p. 204

Question Type: MC

 

  1. African Americans and other minority groups of color have been adversely affected by the national loss of jobs in the ________.

*a. manufacturing sector

  1. agricultural sector
  2. service sector
  3. primary sector
  4. urban sector

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Poverty; p. 207

Question Type: MC

  1. The concept of an urban underclass tends to treat the problems of African Americans as . . .
  2. Problems that can be solved by a reduction of prejudice in the white community
  3. Problems of motivation that would be solved if black people worked harder

*c. Problems that grow out of an economy that is shared by other poor urbanites

  1. Problems of socialization and values that would be solved if more African Americans had middle-class values
  2. Problems connected to a lack of educational opportunity

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Poverty; p. 208

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Opposed to the culture of poverty theory, the analysis presented in the text sees the high percentage of female-headed households in the African American community as ________.
  2. a cause of poverty
  3. a cause of antiblack prejudice

*c. a result of poverty and unemployment

  1. a legacy of slavery
  2. an Illustration of a black family

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Culture of Poverty Theory; p. 212

Question Type: MC

 

  1. In regard to level of education, the gap between African Americans and European Americans has ________.
  2. decreased only for men
  3. decreased only for women

*c. decreased for both men and women but has not disappeared

  1. disappeared
  2. actually increased

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: School Integration; p. 224

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The unemployment rate for African Americans is about ________ as that for European Americans.

*a. twice as high

  1. 10 times as high
  2. half as high
  3. the same
  4. 3 times as high

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Differential Impact of Hard Times; p. 209

Question Type: MC

 

  1. In recent decades, the number of interracial marriages has ________.
  2. decreased slightly
  3. stayed the same

*c. increased

  1. decreased drastically
  2. increased drastically

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Primary Structural Assimilation; p. 230

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following does NOT exemplify racial profiling? The police . . .
  2. Stopping a black man for driving while black

*b. Getting tough on drug crime

  1. Detaining a person they believe does not belong in a specific part of town because of his or her ethnicity or race
  2. Detaining a driver because they believe it to be unlikely that he or she would drive a particular make of car (e.g., BMW, Mercedes) due to his or her ethnicity or race
  3. Implementing stop-and-frisk programs that target poor, minority neighborhoods

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Racial Profiling; pp. 203204

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Up to a third of all black men are under the supervision of the legal system in jail, in prison, on probation, or on parole. According to the text, what accounts for this incredibly high level of supervision?
  2. Black mens use of guns during crime sprees

*b. National get tough policies on drug use

  1. Black mens lack of father figures during adolescence
  2. Racial profiling that targets blacks in inner cities
  3. Poverty and depravation

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The War on Drugs; p. 202

Question Type: MC

 

  1. According to the text, what is the most probable effect of past-in-present discrimination on the economic marginality of the black middle class?
  2. An increase in the amount of blacks working in the secondary labor market
  3. An increase in the black middle classs motivation to succeed
  4. An increase in benefits from affirmative action beyond that of whites
  5. A decrease in the likelihood that they will own their own homes and businesses

*e. The black middle class will be more economically marginal

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Black Middle Class; p. 206

Question Type: MC

 

  1. According to adherents of the Black Power movement, which of the following methods is best for empowering black Americans?
  2. Believing that black is beautiful and that blacks can be successful
  3. Peaceful and patient assimilation, similar to Booker T. Washingtons ideals
  4. Mobilization and marches on Washington similar to how A. Philip Randolph organized the sleeping-car porters

*d. Self-liberation, without regard for what white Americans want

  1. Separatism, including a possible return to Africa, as promoted by W. E. B. Du Bois

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Nation of Islam and Other Black Power Groups; p. 195

Question Type: MC

 

  1. The Nation of Islam is most closely aligned with which position regarding African Americans?
  2. A black is beautiful media campaign
  3. Peaceful and patient assimilation
  4. Mobilization and marches on Washington similar to how A. Philip Randolph organized the sleeping-car porters
  5. Separatism, with African Americans living in unique all-black communities throughout America

*e. Autonomy and independence with no integration into the system

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Nation of Islam; p. 195

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Which of the following is incorrect regarding black nationalism?

*a. It was simply a reaction to the failed dreams of African Americans.

  1. It was a way of defining what it means to be African American.
  2. It was a new rallying cry for solidarity and unified action amongst African Americans.
  3. It was an ideology that provided an analysis for the problems of American race relations in the 1960s.
  4. It was developed by Malcolm X, among others.

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Black Power Movement; p. 196

Question Type: MC

 

  1. While African Americans are 16% of all young people, they are ________ of all juvenile arrests.

*a. 28%

  1. 34%
  2. 47%
  3. 53%
  4. 66%

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: A Biased Criminal Justice System?; p. 202

Question Type: MC

 

  1. In a recent study on modern racism, the most commonly endorsed explanation for the continuing blackwhite inequality was that . . .
  2. Black Americans lacked the ability to learn

*b. Black Americans lacked the motivation to pull themselves out of poverty

  1. Black Americans arent provided with the education it takes to rise out of poverty
  2. Discrimination against black Americans is too strong
  3. Blacks take too much advantage of affirmative action

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Traditional Prejudice and Modern Racism; p. 218

Question Type: MC

 

  1. In a recent study on modern racism, respondents who attributed continuing racial inequality to either the lack of ability or the lack of motivation of African Americans also . . .

*a. Opposed government intervention

  1. Approved of government intervention
  2. Were more likely to vote for black politicians
  3. Were less likely to vote for black politicians
  4. Were sympathetic to the history of discrimination against blacks

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Traditional Prejudice and Modern Racism; p. 218

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Rockquemore and Brunsma (2008) identified four main categories that their respondents used to understand their biracialism. Which of the following is not one of these four categories?
  2. Border identity
  3. Singular identity

*c. Outsider identity

  1. Transcendent identity
  2. Protean identity

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Mixed Race and New Racial Identities; p. 214

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Sociologist Rogelio Saenz (2005) analyzed the situation of blacks in the 15 largest metropolitan areas in the nation and found that . . .
  2. In comparison to whites, African Americans are much more likely to be living in highly impoverished neighborhoods
  3. African Americans are much more likely to be socially and geographically isolated
  4. African Americans are much more likely to be cut off from economic and social service opportunities
  5. None of the above

*e. All of the above

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Poverty; p. 207

Question Type: MC

 

  1. In 2004, ________ became the first African American female to serve as Secretary of State in America.

*a. Condoleezza Rice

  1. Maya Angelou
  2. Toni Morrison
  3. Harriet Tubman
  4. Madeleine Albright

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Political Power; p. 225

Question Type: MC

 

  1. By 2012, which group was 1.5 times more likely than black women to have a college degree?

*a. White men

  1. White women
  2. Black men
  3. Latino men
  4. Latina women

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Political Power; p. 224

Question Type: MC

 

  1. According to the text, in the 2012 presidential election, the black turnout was ______ percent.
  2. 64.1

*b. 66.2

  1. 16
  2. 10
  3. 13

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Political Power; p. 226

Question Type: MC

 

  1. An example of ________ is when African Americans are incorporated into a society and have equal access to institutions such as government and schools.

*a. secondary structural assimilation

  1. pluralism
  2. cultural relativism
  3. structural assimilation
  4. assimilation

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Secondary Structural Assimilation; p. 220

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Recent state laws that require voters to show a government-issued photo ID are seen as a way to ________.

*a. restrict voting rights

  1. decrease illegal immigration
  2. expand voting rights
  3. ameliorate past voting discrimination
  4. enfranchise more voters

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Political Power; p. 226

Question Type: MC

  1. ________ of African American households currently have incomes greater than $150,000.
  2. 0%

*b. 3%

  1. 10%
  2. 33%
  3. 47%

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Primary Structural Assimilation; p. 228

Question Type: MC

  1. According to the text, in the study by Rockquemore and Brunsma (2008), the respondents in the

study who categorized themselves as having a transcendent identity insist that they should be seen as . . .

  1. Individuals who can change as they move from group to group
  2. Biracial but are classified by others as black

*c. Unique individuals and not placed in any racial category

  1. exclusively black or exclusively white and not biracial
  2. Cablanasian

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Mixed Race and New Racial Identities; p. 214

Question Type: MC

  1. In which era might the situation of the African American community be characterized as structural pluralism combined with inequality?
  2. The antebellum South
  3. The pre-WWII North
  4. The modern civil rights movement
  5. The Black Power movement

*e. The early 21st century

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full?; p. 234

Question Type: MC

 

  1. Americans between the ages of ________ are most likely to approve of interracial marriage.

*a. 18 and 29

  1. 30 and 44
  2. 45 and 64
  3. 65 and 84
  4. 85 and older

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Primary Structural Assimilation; p. 230

Question Type: MC

 

 

True/False

 

  1. Today, about half of all African Americans reside in the North.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Residential Patterns; p. 220

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Female-headed African American families tend to be poor because they are weak.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Culture of Poverty; p. 212

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was important as a Supreme Court decision in 1954 because it allowed a few African American children to go to school with white children.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full?; p. 234

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The central tactics of the civil rights movement under Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. emphasized nonviolent direct action.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Nonviolent Direct Action Protest; p. 190

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The civil rights movement was successful in ending de facto segregation in the United States.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Civil Rights Movement; p. 190

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Urban unrest that occurred in the 1960s was a result of the success of the civil rights movement in ending de jure discrimination.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Unrest; p. 194

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The Black Power movement supported Martin Luther King Jr.s ideals of integration and assimilation.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Black Power Movement; p. 194

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The Nation of Islam and other Black Power groups distinguished between racial separation and racial segregation, with the former supporting empowerment and the latter supporting domination.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Nation of Islam; p. 195

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The pluralistic themes of Black Power were a reaction to the failure of assimilation and integration of the 1950s and 1960s.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Black Power Movement; p. 195

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The Black Power movement and the Nation of Islam encouraged full participation of black women as leaders in their movements.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Black Power Movement; p. 196

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The manufacturing sector of the workplace has stopped growing, and the jobs available to minority groups in the service sector often pay low wages and offer low benefits, no security, and no links to increased opportunity.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Poverty; p. 207

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The culture of poverty theory proves that the issue of urban poverty is due to female-headed families with bad or inappropriate work values.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Culture of Poverty; p. 212

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The Moynihan Report, which supports the culture of poverty theory, could be considered by critics as an example of blaming the victim.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Culture of Poverty; p. 211

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The black middle class has decreased since the Reconstruction era.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The Black Middle Class; p. 204

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Modern racism supports the idea that African Americans are inherently inferior based on biological differences.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Traditional Prejudice and Modern Racism; p. 217

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Modern racism is a form of blaming the victim; it sees the problem of inequality as the responsibility of minority groups and not the larger society.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Traditional Prejudice and Modern Racism; p. 217

Question Type: TF

 

  1. According to the text, the weight of the growing black vote was first felt in the 1930s.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: The End of De Jure Segregation; p. 187

Question Type: TF

  1. The Montgomery bus boycott was led by the Reverend Jesse Jackson, the new minister of a local Baptist church.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Nonviolent Direct Action Protest; p. 190

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 required that the same standards be used to register all citizens in federal, state, and local elections.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Landmark Legislation; p. 190

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Until the mid-1960s, racial riots were nonexistent in the United States.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Unrest; p. 194

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The civil rights movement tended to be dominated by women.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Gender and Black Protest; p. 196

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Throughout Central and South America, social class is considered more important than race as a criterion for judging and ranking other people.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Race in Another America; p. 198

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The more desirable jobs in the service sector demand more educational prerequisites.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Poverty; p. 207

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The results of Roysters study suggest that access to jobs is controlled by nepotism, cronyism, personal relationships, and networks of social relations that are decidedly not open to everyone.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Closed Networks and Racial Exclusion; pp. 208209

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Integration of schools through social class and race does not improve test scores but betters the educational experiences of students.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: School Integration; p. 223

Question Type: TF

 

  1. According to the text, secondary structural assimilation refers to integration in more public areas, such as the job market, schools, and political institutions.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Secondary Structural Assimilation; p. 220

Question Type: TF

 

  1. School integration was one of the most important goals of the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: School Integration; p. 222

Question Type: TF

 

  1. All children of one African American parent and one white parent self-identify as African American.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Mixed Race and New Racial Identities p. 213

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The experience of racism is so intense that African American women and men do not experience any intraracial gender tensions.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Gender and Black Protest; p. 197

Question Type: TF

 

  1. All segments of the African American community have the same experiences, regardless of class and gender.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Gender and Black Protest; p. 197

Question Type: TF

 

  1. The solution to African American urban poverty lies in fundamental changes to the urban industrial economy and sweeping alterations in the distribution of resources and opportunities.

*a. True

  1. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Urban Poverty; p. 212

Question Type: TF

 

  1. Residential integration has increased rapidly since the end of Jim Crow segregation.
  2. True

*b. False

Cognitive Domain: Knowledge
Answer Location: Residential Patterns; p. 220

Question Type: TF

 

Essay

 

  1. Relations between dominant and minority groups change as the larger society changes. Apply this idea to American blackwhite relations in the 20th century. How were African Americans in the South and North affected by industrialization and automation? Include a discussion on changing prejudices and discrimination, jobs, and residential patterns.
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Application
Answer Location: Varies

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. The civil rights movement in the South during the 1950s and 1960s relied on nonviolent, direct action as a primary strategy. Describe how this strategy worked. Why did this strategy succeed in the South? Why did it NOT succeed outside of the South?
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Varies

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. Summarize and critique the culture of poverty theory as it has been applied to African Americans. Does the culture of poverty theory provide an adequate explanation for black urban poverty? Why or why not?
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Varies

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. Characterize the status of African Americans in terms of acculturation, secondary structural integration, and primary structural assimilation.
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Varies

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. Describe and explain modern racism. How does this form of prejudice differ from other forms? What are the relationships between modern racism and support for government policies that address problems of racial and ethnic inequality?
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Comprehension
Answer Location: Varies

Question Type: ESS

 

  1. How do people of multiracial descent define themselves today? How are they defined by others? What are the implications of these definitions?
  2. Varies

Cognitive Domain: Knowledg

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