Test Bank For Basic Biomechanics 7th Edition by Susan Hall

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Test Bank For Basic Biomechanics 7th Edition by Susan Hall

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WITH ANSWERS

 

Basic Biomechanics 7th Edition by Susan Hall  Test Bank 

 

Chapter 01

What is Biomechanics?

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is the most appropriate definition of biomechanics?
    A.the study of human movement
    B. the study of biological organisms
    C. the study of movement mechanics
    D. the study of the mechanical aspects of biological organisms

 

  1. Which of the following terms is applied to the study of systems in a constant state of motion?
    A.statics
    B. dynamics
    C. anthropometrics
    D. plyometrics

 

  1. What term is given to considerations such as the size, shape, and weight of body segments?
    A.cybernetic
    B. anthropometric
    C. kinematic
    D. kinetic

 

  1. Which of the following would not be measured in a kinematic analysis of a tennis serve?
    A.angular velocity
    B. linear velocity
    C. muscular force
    D. angular acceleration

 

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of a kinetic consideration?
    A.muscle force producing a vertical jump
    B. impact force landing from a jump
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of a static situation?
    A.a cyclist riding at a constant velocity
    B. a person balancing motionless on one foot
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

  1. Which of the following is associated with kinematics?
    A.force
    B. displacement
    C. mass
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following are anthropometric factors?
    A.the length of a forearm
    B. the shape of a body
    C. the weight of the trunk
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is included in sports medicine?
    A.clinical aspects of exercise and sport
    B. scientific aspects of exercise and sport
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

 

  1. Which of the following topics might be studied by biomechanists?
    A.optimal form during the pole vault
    B. forces on the spine during lifting
    C. the mechanics of the jump shot
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Biomechanics has roots in which of the following disciplines?
    A.physics
    B. biology
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

  1. Which of the following questions about the long jump should be answered quantitatively?
    A.What is the horizontal velocity at take-off?
    B. What is the angle at take-off?
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

  1. Which of the following characterizes a formal problem?
    A.a goal or answer
    B. a set of given information
    C. a set of operations that can be used to arrive at the desired answer from the given information
    D. all of the above

 

  1. What does the word qualitative mean?
    A.general
    B. numerical
    C. pertaining to quality
    D. all of the above

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding qualitative analysis?
    A.It is always of a general nature.
    B. It does not involve the use of numbers.
    C. Both A and B.
    D. Neither A nor B.

 

  1. Which of the following professionals regularly make use of qualitative observations?
    A.teachers
    B. coaches
    C. clinicians
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following are components of a structured approach to problem solving?
    A.writing down the given information
    B. drawing a diagram representing the problem situation
    C. rereading the problem to look for additional information that may be inferred from the problem statement
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following countries uses the metric system?
    A.France
    B. Germany
    C. Japan
    D. all of the above

 

  1. In which of the following systems of measurement are units of the same variable related to each other by factors of ten?
    A.the English system
    B. the metric system
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

 

  1. Which of the following conversions is accurate?
    A.2.54 cm = 1 in
    B. 2.54 in = 1 cm
    C. 4.45 lb = 1 N
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is true about osteoporosis?
    A.it is a disease with acute onset
    B. it inevitably accompanies aging
    C. it is a lifestyle disease that develops and progresses over a number of years
    D. all of the above are true

 

  1. Which of the following is a risk factor for osteoporosis?
    A.physical inactivity
    B. estrogen deficiency
    C. excessive consumption of caffeine
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is true about carpal tunnel syndrome?
    A.it is a neurological impairment
    B. it is associated with repetitive keyboard use
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of equipment designed to enhance performance?
    A.Klapskate
    B. aerodynamic helmet
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

 

  1. Biomechanical analysis has revealed which of the following about high velocity pitchers compared to lower velocity pitchers?
    A.they have greater internal rotation at the shoulder
    B. they have greater upright posture at release
    C. they have higher angular velocity of the pelvis and upper torso
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Biomechanical research has contributed to which of the following?
    A.injury prevention
    B. enhanced sport performance
    C. equipment design
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Why is swimming not the best exercise for prevention of osteoporosis?
    A.no weight bearing
    B. water resistance is hard on the bones
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following could be performed by a biomechanist?
    A.quantitative analysis of human movement
    B. qualitative analysis of human movement
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which type of analysis involves identifying, analyzing and answering a question of interest?
    A.quantitative
    B. qualitative
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

 

  1. Choose the term or phrase that is not synonymous with the others.
    A.metric system
    B. English system
    C. International system of units
    D. S. I.

 

  1. What is the base unit for mass in the metric system?
    A.Newton
    B. kilogram
    C. meter
    D. slug

 

  1. A 200 lb. man weighs approximately what in metric units?
    A.890 N
    B. 45 N
    C. 440 kg
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding mechanics?
    A.branch of physics
    B. analyzes the actions of forces on particles
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following defines inference?
    A.the process of elimination
    B. the process of forming deductions from available information
    C. the process of observation in a qualitative analysis
    D. none of the above

 

 

  1. Which of the following is true?
    A.No particular biomechanical factors have been associated with running economy.
    B. 3-year olds walking fast can use 70% more energy than adults.
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Astronauts who travel out of the earths gravitational field have experienced which of the following?
    A.increased bone density
    B. reduced strength
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Exercise walking can have which of the following effects?
    A.improved balance in older adults
    B. decreased likelihood of falls in older adults
    C. decreased risk of osteoporosis for women
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following affects the flight of a discus?
    A.speed at release
    B. projection angle
    C. orientation angle relative to the wind
    D. all of the above

 

  1. The high incidence of knee injuries among snow skiers is partially due to which of the following?
    A.rigid boot which limit ankle motion
    B. bindings which release during a fall
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

 

  1. Possible detrimental effects of knee braces include(s) which of the following?
    A.changes muscle activity during gait
    B. reduces sprinting speed
    C. increases onset of fatigue
    D. all of the above

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. ______________ refers to an excessive loss of bone mineral mass and strength resulting in one or more fractures.
    Osteoporosis

 

  1. An overuse condition caused by compression of the median nerve, involving numbness, tingling and pain in the hand is called __________________________________________.
    carpal tunnel syndrome

 

  1. The branch of biomechanics which studies the actions of forces is called __________________.
    kinetics

 

  1. A field that focuses on the prevention of work-related injuries and the improvement of working conditions and worker performance is known as ______________ biomechanics.
    occupational

 

  1. Sport shoes are designed to prevent ____________________________ and enhance __________________.
    excessive loading; performance

 

 

 

Short Answer Questions

  1. What are the two key strategies for preventing osteoporotic fractures?

Answers will vary

 

  1. List four innovations in sport equipment developed by biomechanists.

Answers will vary

 

  1. Explain how equipment innovation has improved performance and/or prevented injury.

Answers will vary

 

  1. Name three professions related to kinesiology and explain how each will benefit from a knowledge of biomechanics.

Answers will vary

 

  1. Explain the difference between qualitative and quantitative problems and give an example of each one that is related to a kinesiology topic.

Answers will vary

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Within the fields of kinesiology and exercise science, the living organism most commonly of interest to the biomechanist is the human body.
    TRUE

 

  1. The kinetics of an exercise or sport skill execution is commonly known as form or technique.
    FALSE

 

  1. Force can be thought of as a push or a pull acting on a body.
    TRUE

 

  1. More than half of all sport injuries are to the knee.
    TRUE

 

  1. Promising work in the development of intervention strategies has shown that the key to preventing falls may be the ability to limit trunk motion.
    TRUE

 

 

 

Short Answer Questions
56. Application of mechanical principles in the study of living organisms

Branch of mechanics dealing with systems in a constant state of motion

Branch of mechanics dealing with systems subject to acceleration

Study of the description of motion, including considerations of space and time

Study of the action of forces
Study of human movement

Overuse condition caused by compression of the median nerve

Involving the use of numbers

Involving nonnumeric description of quality

System of weights and measures used internationally in scientific applications

 

 

  1. Biomechanics
    B. Carpal tunnel syndrome
    C. Dynamics
    D. English system
    E. Kinematics
    F. Kinesiology
    G. Kinetics
    H. Mechanics
    I. Metric system
    J. Qualitative
    K. Quantitative
    L. Sports medicine
    M. Statics
    N. Tennis elbow

Chapter 03

Kinetic Concepts for Analyzing Human Motion

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. When 2 force vectors are acting parallel and in the same direction, how do you compose them into one vector?
    A.add them
    B. subtract them
    C. divide them
    D. resolve them

 

  1. Which of the following defines center of gravity?
    A.intersection of the 3 cardinal planes
    B. the point around which a bodys weight is equally balanced regardless of body position
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

  1. Which of the following is not true about mass?
    A.quantity of matter
    B. changes depending on gravity
    C. measurement unit = kg
    D. affects force production
    E. all of the above are true

 

  1. Which of the following is not true about weight?
    A.measurement unit = lb
    B. measurement unit = N
    C. weight is a force
    D. changes depending on gravity
    E. all of the above are true

 

 

  1. Which of the following relationships is correct?
    A.1 kg = 2.2 lb
    B. 1 lb = 4.45 N
    C. both A and B are correct
    D. neither A nor B is correct

 

  1. Which of the following relationships is correct?
    A.m = F/a
    B. F = m/a
    C. a = m/F
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following statements is true?
    A.weight is always a force
    B. force is always a weight
    C. pressure is synonymous with force
    D. pressure is synonymous with weight

 

  1. Which of the following is a correct unit of pressure?
    A.Newtons
    B. kg/cm2
    C. N/cm2
    D. slugs

 

  1. Which of the following is a correct unit of inertia?
    A.psi
    B. kg/m3
    C. lb/ft3
    D. none of the above

 

 

  1. Which of the following characteristics of a vector represents magnitude?
    A.its angle of orientation
    B. its length
    C. its direction
    D. all of the above

 

  1. If two vectors lying in the same plane are added together and the result is zero, then which of the following is true of the vector quantities?
    A.they are equal in magnitude
    B. they are opposite in direction
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following types of force act parallel to a surface?
    A.shear
    B. compression
    C. tension
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following types of force exerts a pull on the body as in muscle contraction?
    A.shear
    B. compression
    C. tension
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following types of force exerts a squeezing effect on the body?
    A.shear
    B. compression
    C. tension
    D. all of the above

 

 

  1. Which of the following quantities is calculated the same as pressure?
    A.stress
    B. strain
    C. shear
    D. tension

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are true?
    A.Increasing the surface area over which a force is distributed increases the amount of stress acting on the surface.
    B. Decreasing the surface area over which a force is distributed increases the amount of stress acting on the surface.
    C. Both A and B are true.
    D. Neither A nor B is true.

 

  1. Which of the following occurs when a bone is caused to twist about the longitudinal axis?
    A.compression
    B. tension
    C. torsion
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Stress fractures result from which of the following types of loading?
    A.acute loading
    B. repetitive loading
    C. both A and B
    D. neither A nor B

 

  1. Which of the following is a correct unit of torque?
    A.N-m
    B. N/s
    C. Ns
    D. kg m

 

 

  1. When you wear a backpack, your center of gravity shifts in which direction?
    A.up
    B. back
    C. forward
    D. up and back

 

  1. Which of the following is/are true regarding a shot put and a softball of equal diameter?
    A.they have the same volume
    B. they have the same density
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are true regarding density?
    A.muscle tissue is more dense than fat tissue
    B. specific weight is proportional to density
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. The rotary effect created by an eccentric force defines what?
    A.torque
    B. moment of force
    C. rotary force
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is/are scalar quantities?
    A.force
    B. mass
    C. velocity
    D. all of the above

 

 

  1. Scalar quantities and vector quantities have which of the following properties in common?
    A.magnitude
    B. direction
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. The quantity of matter composing a body defines what?
    A.weight
    B. momentum
    C. mass
    D. inertia

 

  1. Inertia is directly proportional to which quantities?
    A.mass
    B. force
    C. acceleration
    D. all of the above

 

  1. When muscles on opposite sides of a joint develop tension, what determines the direction of joint movement?
    A.muscle strength
    B. muscle flexibility
    C. net torque
    D. none of the above

 

  1. A free body diagram includes which of the following?
    A.sketch of an object, body, or body part being analyzed
    B. vectors representations of all forces acting on the system
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

 

  1. In a free body diagram of the human body, where would the vector representing weight of the body originate?
    A.contact between the feet and the ground
    B. center of gravity
    C. head
    D. need more information

 

  1. In a free body diagram of the human body, which direction would the vector representing weight of the body point?
    A.up
    B. down
    C. depends on body orientation
    D. not possible to determine

 

  1. Which of the following will reduce the pressure of a baseball against a catchers hand?
    A.reduce the force with which the ball is thrown
    B. wear a catchers mitt
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding volume?
    A.units are cm3
    B. units are liters
    C. directly proportional to mass
    D. both A and B
    E. all of the above

 

  1. When absorbing the force of a baseball, which of the following will change the impulse?
    A.reduce the force with which the ball is thrown
    B. wear a catchers mitt
    C. give with the ball when catching
    D. both A and B
    E. all of the above

 

 

  1. The formula for torque includes force and what other variable?
    A.perpendicular distance from the axis of rotation
    B. moment arm
    C. force arm
    D. all of the above are correct

 

  1. Mechanical stress in the lumbar vertebrae is less than expected because of which of the following structural details?
    A.bears more weight or force than other vertebrae
    B. larger weight-bearing surface area than other vertebrae
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

  1. A bending force can result in which of the following types of stress?
    A.compression
    B. tension
    C. torsion
    D. both A and B
    E. all of the above

 

  1. When injury results from a single large force application, such as a tackle, the injury is usually termed what?
    A.acute
    B. chronic
    C. repetitive
    D. all of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding electromyography?
    A.treats muscle injury with electrical impulses
    B. measures the electrical activity produced by a muscle
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are true regarding vector algebra?
    A.In vector resolution, when a vector is resolved into two components, they are always perpendicular.
    B. In vector composition, only perpendicular components can be composed into a resultant.
    C. both A and B
    D. none of the above

 

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. One ______________ is the amount of force required to accelerate 1 kg of mass at 1 m/s2.
    Newton

 

  1. The vector sum of all forces acting on a system or a free body is called ______________ force.
    net

 

  1. EMG is the abbreviation for ____________________.
    electromyography

 

  1. The amount of inertia possessed by a body is directly proportional to the _______________ of the body.
    mass

 

  1. The opposite of tensile force (tension) is _______________ force.
    compressive

 

 

 

Short Answer Questions

  1. Describe the differences between weight and mass using examples and including units of measurement.

Answers will vary

 

  1. Draw a free-body diagram for a tennis player executing a forehand stroke under very windy conditions. Include all forces acting on the player.

Answers will vary

 

  1. Compare the compressive stress affecting the cervical vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae.

Answers will vary

 

  1. Explain the difference between acute and repetitive loading, including examples and injury implications.

Answers will vary

 

  1. Describe two different tools used to collect and analyze kinetic data and provide the strengths and weaknesses of each tool. Include both high tech and low tech examples.

Answers will vary

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. The amount of three-dimensional space occupied by a body defines volume.
    TRUE

 

  1. During a ski jump landing, the anteriorly directed shear force elevates the stress on the anterior cruciate ligament.
    TRUE

 

  1. The metric units for volume of solids and volume of liquids are the same.
    FALSE

 

  1. The metric units for mass and weight are the same.
    FALSE

 

  1. Both chronic and acute injuries can be very serious.
    TRUE

 

 

 

Short Answer Questions
56. Tendency of a body to resist a change in its state of motion

Quantity of matter contained in an object

Force per unit of area over which a force acts

Mass per unit of volume

Rotary effect of a force

Product of force and the time over which the force acts

Pressing or squeezing force directed axially through a body

Load-producing twisting of a body around its long axis

Application of a single force of sufficient magnitude to cause injury

Process of determining a single vector from two or more vectors by vector addition

 

 

  1. Acute loading
    B. Bending
    C. Center of gravity
    D. Combined loading
    E. Compression
    F. Deformation
    G. Density
    H. Failure
    I. Force
    J. Free body diagram
    K. Impulse
    L. Inertia
    M. Mass
    N. Net force
    O. Pressure
    P. Repetitive loading
    Q. Scalar
    R. Shear
    S. Tension
    T. Torsion
    U. Torque
    V. Vector composition
    W. Vector resolution
    X. Weight
    Y. Yield point

 

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