Test Bank For Business Law Today, Standard Text And Summarized Cases (Miller Business Law Today Family) 10th Ed By Roger LeRoy Miller

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Test Bank For Business Law Today, Standard Text And Summarized Cases (Miller Business Law Today Family) 10th Ed By Roger LeRoy Miller

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Business Law Today, Standard Text And Summarized Cases (Miller Business Law Today Family) 10th Ed By Roger LeRoy Miller  Test Bank 

 

Chapter 2

 

 

Constitutional Law

 

 

 

 

N.B.:  TYPE indicates that a question is new, modified, or unchanged, as follows.

 

N      A question new to this edition of the Test Bank.

+       A question modified from the previous edition of the Test Bank,

=       A question included in the previous edition of the Test Bank.

 

 

true/false questions

 

  1. A confederal form of government is a confederation of independent states with a central government of very limited powers.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      +

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. In a country with a federal form of government, the national government and the states share sovereign power.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. All powers not specifically delegated to the federal government are reserved to the states.

 

answer:    T                              PAGE:     34                             type:      +

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The checks and balances in the U.S. Constitution prevent any one branch of government from exercising too much power.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Under the Constitution, the judicial branch interprets the laws.

 

answer:    T                              PAGE:     34                             type:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Under the Constitution, the judicial branch is responsible for foreign affairs.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The President determines the jurisdiction of the federal courts.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      +

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The President appoints federal judges with the advice and consent of the Senate.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The judicial branch has the power to hold actions of the other branches of government unconstitutional.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

 

  1. Article I, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution permits Congress to regulate interstate commerce.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     35                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-2              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. At least in theory, Congress can regulate every commercial enterprise in the United States.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     38                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-2              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. Under their police powers, states can regulate only public activities, such as political demonstrations.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     38                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-2              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. When there is a direct conflict between a federal and a state law, the state law is rendered invalid.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     39                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-3              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. 14. Preemption occurs when Congress chooses to act exclusively in a concurrent area and a valid federal statue or regulation takes precedence over a conflicting state or local law.

 

answer:    T                              PAGE:     39                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-3              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution reserves all powers not delegated to the national government to the states.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     40                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The Bill of Rights protects individuals against types of interference by the federal government.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     40                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The Fifth Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures of persons or property.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     40                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The Eighth Amendment prohibits excessive bail and fines, as well as cruel and unusual punishment.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     40                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Symbolic speech is defined as nonverbal expressions of belief and is protected by the First Amendment.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     41                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. A restriction on commercial speech is valid as long as it forbids only the expression of views on controversial issues.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     44                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The First Amendment protects corporate political speech.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     44                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

 

  1. The First Amendment protects defamatory speech.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     45                             TYPE:      +

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. The Childrens Internet Protection Act requires public schools and libraries to use filtering software to block childrens access to adult contact on Web sites.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     46                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. The First Amendment requires a complete separation of church and state.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     47                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. The establishment clause of the U.S. Constitution prohibits the federal government from establishing a state-sponsored religion.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     47                             TYPE:      +

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. A law that has any impact on religion is unconstitutional.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     47                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. The Fourteenth Amendment guarantees a right to due process of law.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     49                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

 

  1. Procedural due process requires that any government decision to take a persons property must be made fairly.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     49                             TYPE:      +

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Substantive due process focuses on the substance of legislation.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     50                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The terms due process and equal protection mean the same thing.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     50                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. A law that limits only some persons exercise of a fundamental right is valid under any circumstances.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     50                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. A law that limits the liberty of all persons may violate substantive due process.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     50                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. A law that restricts people of a certain national origin from doing something will be carefully examined to make sure it promotes a compelling government interest before it is allowed to stand.

 

ANSWER:    T                              PAGE:     50                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

 

  1. Because the Constitution does not specifically a right to privacy, this right is denied to people.

 

ANSWER:    F                              PAGE:     51                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-5              Blooms: Knowledge

DIF: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. Individuals have a right to obtain access to information about them collected in government files.

 

answer:    T                              PAGE:     52                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-5    Blooms: Knowledge

DIF: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

 

MULTIPLE-CHOICE questions

 

  1. The Financial Institutions Association would like a certain law enacted, administered, interpreted, and enforced in the best interest of its members, which include banks. Under the Constitution, Congress

 

  1. administers the laws.
  2. enforces the laws.
  3. interprets the laws.
  4. makes the laws.

 

ANSWER:    D                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The Constitution sets out the authority and the limits of the branches of the government. The term checks and balances means that

 

  1. Congress writes checks and the other branches balance the budget.
  2. each branch has some power to limit the actions of the others.
  3. the courts balance their authority to the other branches checklists.
  4. the president checks the courts, which balance the laws.

 

ANSWER:    B                              PAGE:     34                             TYPE:      +

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Antonin, a federal judge, retires. The vacant position will be filled by a judge

 

  1. appointed by the United States Supreme Court.
  2. elected by voters.
  3. appointed by the President.
  4. appointed by Congress.

 

answer:    C                              PAGE:     34                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-1              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. The commerce clause of the U.S. Constitution is found in

 

  1. Article I, Section 8.
  2. Article I, Section 2.
  3. Article VIII, Section 1.
  4. Article II, Section 8.

 

answer:    A                              PAGE:     35                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-2              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Savers Mart, Inc., distributes its merchandise to retail outlets on an interstate basis. Under the commerce clause, Congress has the power to regulate

 

  1. any commercial activity in the United States.
  2. only activities that are in intrastate commerce.
  3. only activities that are in local commerce.
  4. only activities that are not in commerce.

 

answer:    A                              PAGE:     38                             type:      =

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-2              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

 

  1. South Dakota, like other states, may regulate private activities to protect or promote the public order, health, safety, and general welfare under

 

  1. the states police powers.
  2. the dormant commerce clause.
  3. the due process clause.
  4. the free exercise clause.

 

ANSWER:    A                              PAGE:     38                             TYPE:      +

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-2              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Tamis Tasty Tacos, a fast food outfit, files a suit against the state of Texas, claiming that a Texas state law violates the commerce clause. The court will agree if the statute imposes a substantial burden on

 

  1. a local government.
  2. interstate commerce.
  3. noneconomic activity.
  4. the state.

 

answer:    B                              PAGE:     38                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-2              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. The commerce clauses express grant of exclusive authority to regulate commerce that substantially affects trade and commerce among states is referred to as the

 

  1. dormant aspect of the commerce clause.
  2. positive aspect of the commerce clause.
  3. negative aspect of the commerce clause.
  4. exclusive aspect of the commerce clause.

 

answer:    B                              PAGE:     38                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-2              Blooms: Knowledge

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Legal

 

 

  1. Congress enacts a law that sets out a rigorous medical-device premarket approval process for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to follow. The law includes a preemption provision. Moe is injured by a device that underwent the process and files a claim under New Hampshire state law to recover for the injury. The court will most likely rule that

 

  1. Moes state law claim preempts the federal law.
  2. the federal law and state law claim are concurrent.
  3. the federal and state law claim cancel each other out.
  4. the federal law preempts Moes state law claim.

 

ANSWER:    D                              PAGE:     39                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-3              Blooms: Application

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. A federal law regarding the labeling of pesticides directly conflicts with a state law. The state law will be rendered invalid due to the

 

  1. supremacy clause.
  2. commerce clause.
  3. federal spending power.
  4. First Amendment.

 

answer:    A                              PAGE:     39                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-3              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. Congress enacts a law prohibiting toys made in China from being sold in the United States. The Hawaii state legislature enacts a law allowing the sale of Chinese-made toys. Hawaiis law will most likely be struck down under

 

  1. the commerce clause.
  2. the equal protection clause.
  3. the due process power.
  4. the supremacy clause.

 

ANSWER:    D                              PAGE:     39                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-3              Blooms: Application

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

 

  1. Don, a U.S. citizen, is the owner of Egrets Unlimited, Inc. Egrets competitors include Feathered Friends Company (FFC), which is owned by Greg and Huey. The Bill of Rights embodies a series of protections for Don against types of interference by

 

  1. FFC and its other competitors only.
  2. FFC, Greg, Huey, others, and the government.
  3. Greg, Huey, and other private individuals only.
  4. the government only.

 

answer:    D                              PAGE:     40                             type:      =

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Application

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Bailey, the president of Carmichael Commodities Company, claims that certain actions by the federal government and by the state of Delaware infringe on rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights. All of these rights limit

 

  1. neither Delaware nor the federal government.
  2. the federal government only.
  3. Delaware and the federal government.
  4. Delaware only.

 

ANSWER:    B                              PAGE:     40                             TYPE:      =

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. Martin, a U.S. citizen, feels that a recently enacted federal law is unfair. He assembles a group of friends and they write a petition to the government. Martin and friends then stand quietly in front of the White House with signs declaring their belief that the law is unfair. Under the First Amendment, Martin has a right to

 

  1. petition the government, but not to assemble a group peaceably.
  2. assemble peaceably, but not to petition the government.
  3. both petition the government and assemble peaceably.
  4. neither petition the government nor assemble peaceably.

 

answer:    C                              PAGE:     40                             type:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Easy                                                           AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. The police obtain a search warrant and search Daves apartment. After yelling obscenities at the officers, Dave confesses to a crime and implicates his friends. The Constitution protects against

 

  1. obscene speech only.
  2. others implication only.
  3. unreasonable searches only.
  4. obscene speech, others implication, and unreasonable searches.

 

answer:    C                              PAGE:     40                             type:      =

BUSPROG: Reflective          LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

DIF: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Legal

 

  1. Mary creates a t-shirt design that expresses her support for a presidential candidate and distributes t-shirts to all her friends. The t-shirts are an example of

 

  1. unprotected speech.
  2. controlled speech.
  3. symbolic speech.
  4. illegal speech.

 

ANSWER:    C                              PAGE:     41                             TYPE:      N

BUSPROG: Analytic             LO: 2-4              Blooms: Comprehension

Dif: Moderate                                                   AICPA: BB-Critical Thinking

 

  1. George burns an American flag in his backyard. He films his actions and posts the video on YouTube.com. Georges actions are

 

  1. expressly prohibited by the U

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