Test Bank For Community Based Corrections 10th Edition by Alarid

<< Test Bank For BSTAT 1st Edition by Keller Test Bank For Basic Biomechanics 7th Edition by Susan Hall >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Test Bank For Community Based Corrections 10th Edition by Alarid

Description

COMPLETE TEST BANK WITH ANSWERS
Community Based Corrections 10th Edition by Alarid  Test Bank 

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. Contemporary probation was the result of effort in England and the US to:

 

  1. avoid harsh corporal punishments

 

  1. ensure the capture of a greater number of offenders

 

  1. maximize punishment and retribution

 

  1. coordinate community corrections efforts with parole programs

 

ANSWER:                                     a

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. In early British criminal law, punishments consisted primarily of:

 

  1. Prison b. Jail

 

  1. Corporal punishment d. Fines

 

ANSWER:                                     c

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. In early British criminal law, a/n _____ was a monetary penalty imposed arbitrarily at the discretion of a court for an offense.

 

  1. amercement b. filing

 

  1. surety d. motion to quash

 

ANSWER:                                     a

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. The case of _____ is often cited as an example of the early use of release on recognizance.

 

  1. Roper v. Simmonsb. Commonwealth v. Chase

 

c. Gideon v. Wainwright d. In re Gault
ANSWER:   b
REFERENCES: Procedures Related to Modern Probation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3
5. Security for good behavior is similar to modern day:
a. bail b. fines  
c. day fines d. restitution  
ANSWER:   a
REFERENCES: Precursors to American Probation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 1

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. A procedure which allowed the indictment to be held without further action but allowed the judge to impose certain conditions on the defendant was known as:

 

  1. good abearance b. recognizance

 

  1. abjuration d. filing

 

ANSWER:                                     d

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. Massachusettss judges often used this procedure to allow offenders to go free when they thought the statutory penalties to be inhumane.

 

a. abjuration b. motion to quash
c. probation d. recognizance
ANSWER:   b
REFERENCES: Precursors to American Probation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. A(n) _____ is a court order that postpones the filing, imposition, or execution of a sentence if the offender is able to demonstrate good behavior.

 

  1. suspended sentence b. abeyance

 

  1. recognizance d. abjuration

 

ANSWER:                                     a

 

REFERENCES:                         Procedures Related to Modern Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. In 1916, the U.S. Supreme Court resolved the issue of whether the courts had the power to indefinitely suspend sentences in which of the following cases?

 

a. Killits b. Mempha
c. Gagnon d. Wolff  
ANSWER:   a
REFERENCES: Procedures Related to Modern Probation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3
10. Who is known as the father of probation?
a. Matthew Hill b. John Howard
c. Andrew Jackson d. John Augustus
ANSWER:   d
REFERENCES: The Founders of Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 2

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. The work of John Augustus was:

 

  1. universally accepted as a valuable contribution to society

 

  1. not universally accepted

 

  1. what caused him to be elected mayor

 

  1. the cause of public protest

 

ANSWER:                                     b

 

REFERENCES:                         The Founders of Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. Statewide probation was sanctified by statute in which of the following states in 1878?

 

a. Florida b. Texas
c. Virginia d. Massachusetts
ANSWER:   d
REFERENCES: The Founders of Probation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. Probation at the federal level was not established until:

 

a. 1925 b. 1915  
c. 1940 d. 1935  
ANSWER:   a
REFERENCES: The Founders of Probation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. __________ is the co-founder of probation and laid the foundation of probation in England.

 

  1. Reverend Thomas Wright b. Matthew Davenport Hill

 

  1. Calvin Coolidge d. John Murray Spear

 

ANSWER:                                     b

 

REFERENCES:                         The Founders of Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. _____ was the first federal probation supervisor.

 

  1. Joel R. Moore

 

  1. Alexander Maconochie

 

  1. Matthew Davenport Hill

 

  1. Robert Peel

 

ANSWER:                                     b

 

REFERENCES:                         Development of Federal Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 3

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. The National Probation Act was signed into law by:

 

  1. Calvin Coolidge

 

  1. Teddy Roosevelt

 

  1. Franklin Roosevelt

 

  1. Richard Nixon

 

ANSWER:                                     a

 

REFERENCES:                         Development of Federal Probatin

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. Between 1930 and 1940, the number of federal probation officers increased from eight to 233, and they were supervised by:

 

a. The Federal Bureau of Prisons b. The National; Probation Center
c. The Federal Center for the Courts d. The U.S. Supreme Court
ANSWER: a  
REFERENCES: Development of Federal Probation
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. From the 1700s to the early 1800s, children were disciplined and punished for crimes:

 

  1. by the church

 

  1. through an elaborate judicial process

 

  1. by a jury of their peers

 

  1. by parents and other adults in the community

 

ANSWER:                                     d

 

REFERENCES:                         History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.3 5

 

  1. To protect children from exploitation in the early to mid 1800s, the New York Childrens Aid Society:

 

  1. shipped children to farmers in the West

 

  1. insisted on punitive measures of accountability

 

  1. developed local community corrections programs

 

  1. rallied political support for reform

 

ANSWER:   a
REFERENCES: History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.3 5
20. The first juvenile court was established in Chicago, Illinois in:
a. 1952 b. 1630  
c. 1899 d. 1907  
ANSWER:   c
REFERENCES: History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.3 5

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 4

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. Juvenile probation was formed under English common law and the doctrine of ______ ______, which is a Latin term for the doctrine that the state is parent and therefore serves as guardian of juveniles who might not be able to fend for themselves.

 

a. parens patriae b. accountability
c. respondent superior d. just desserts
ANSWER:   a
REFERENCES: History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3
22. Diversion is also known as _____.
a. bail   b. pretrial release
c. deferred adjudication d. security for good behavior
ANSWER:   c
REFERENCES: Deferred Adjudication/Diversion
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 5
23. Probation systems are often either county or _____ controlled.
a. locally b. state  
c. federally d. judicially
ANSWER:   b
REFERENCES: Probation Departments: County or State?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. In the contemporary organizational structure of probation agencies in the United States, the practices are:

 

  1. uniform b. all state administered

 

  1. all county administered d. not uniform

 

ANSWER:                                     d

 

REFERENCES:                         Probation Departments: County or State?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 5

 

  1. To address concerns about local community differences and the lesser ability of local government to render political pull, __________ were developed to expand local sentencing options in lieu of imprisonment.

 

  1. Community Corrections acts b. California Corrections Audits

 

  1. Central Correctional Pacts d. Community Policing Teams

 

ANSWER:                                     a

 

REFERENCES:                         Community Corrections Acts

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.5 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 5

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. Which of the following agencies qualify for funding through community corrections acts?

 

  1. federal probation b. state parole

 

  1. local probation d. county jails

 

ANSWER:                                     c

 

REFERENCES:                         Community Corrections Acts

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.5 4

 

  1. The Casework Era in community corrections provided:

 

  1. therapeutic services to probationers and parolees

 

  1. referral to appropriate community agencies

 

  1. supervision by a team of officers with individual specializations

 

  1. a focus on fairness and due process

 

ANSWER:                                     a

 

REFERENCES:                         Casework Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.6 5

 

  1. The Brokerage of Services Era in community corrections provided:

 

  1. therapeutic services to probationers and parolees

 

  1. referral to appropriate community agencies

 

  1. supervision by a team of officers with individual specializations

 

  1. a focus on fairness and due process

 

ANSWER:                                     b

 

REFERENCES:                         Brokerage of Services Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.6 5

 

  1. The Justice Model of supervision provided:

 

  1. therapeutic services to probationers and parolees

 

  1. referral to appropriate community agencies

 

  1. supervision by a team of officers with individual specializations

 

  1. a focus on fairness and due process

 

ANSWER:                                     d

 

REFERENCES:                         Justice Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.6 5

 

  1. Probation as it is practiced today in the United States evolved out of norms and traditions of the Greek, Roman, and Arab cultures.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     False

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 6

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. Early British criminal law was dominated by the objectives of punishment and retribution.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. At one time in England, more than 200 crimes were punishable by death including many relatively minor property offenses.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. A motion to quash is a court order that postpones the filing, imposition, or execution of a sentence if an offender can maintain good behavior.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     False

 

REFERENCES:                         Procedures Related to Modern Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. The 1830 case of Commonwealth v. Chase is often cited as an example of the early use of recognizance.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Procedures Related to the Modern Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. The Killits case recognized the authority of the legislature to grant the power of indefinite suspension of sentence to the courts.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Procedures Related to Modern Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 7

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. King Henry VII is known as the father of probation due to his work in humanizing the criminal codes of England.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     False

 

REFERENCES:                         The Founders of Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. The work of John Augustus in 1841 and the ensuing years included paying fines for the persons he bailed out.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         The Founders of Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. The two kinds of suspended sentence include suspension of imposition of sentence and suspension of execution of sentence.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Procedures Related to Modern Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. In 1878, almost 20 years after the death of John Augustus, the Mayor of Boston appointed a paid probation officer to serve in the Boston criminal courts as a member of the police force.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Founders of Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. The first juvenile justice system was created in 1899 in Boston.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.3 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 8

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. In 1984, the Comprehensive Crime Control Act abolished federal parole and brought all supervised prison releasees under the auspices of federal probation.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Probation Today

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 5

 

  1. Placing out, which was a process that placed delinquents who would have otherwise be sent to reform school in foster homes, was an early form of juvenile probation.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. Probation may be administered by the executive, judicial, or legislative branch of government.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     False

 

REFERENCES:                         Probation Departments: County or State?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 5

 

  1. In 1898, Vermont became the second state to pass a probation statute and they adopted a county plan of organization.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Probation Departments: County or State?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 5

 

  1. Community corrections acts were developed as statewide agreements through which local government could receive funding to develop community correctional sanctions.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     False

 

REFERENCES:                         Community Corrections Acts

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 9

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. The Casework Era of community corrections emphasized fairness and due process.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     False

 

REFERENCES:                         Casework Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.6 5

 

  1. The justice model of supervision has proven to be far superior to previous supervision concepts.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     False

 

REFERENCES:                         Justice Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.6 5

 

  1. The Brokerage of Services Era of community corrections involved identifying the needs of probationers and parolees and referring them to an appropriate community agency.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Brokerage of Services Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.6 5

 

  1. Probationers are typically males convicted of a drug or alcohol violation.

 

  1. True

 

  1. False

 

ANSWER:                                     True

 

REFERENCES:                         Who is on Probation?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. Probation as it is practiced today was devised to avoid the mechanical application of the harsh

 

_________________________ of earlier times.

 

ANSWER:                                     penal codes

 

REFERENCES:                         Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. A monetary penalty imposed arbitrarily by the court in punishment for an offense is known as an _____.

 

ANSWER:amercement

 

REFERENCES:Precursors to American Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                Page 10

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. Today, __________ is used to ensure a defendants presence at court, but the main goal was originally to humanize criminal law and mitigate its harshness.

 

ANSWER:recognizance

 

REFERENCES:Procedures Related to Modern Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. When the court enters an order after the verdict, finding, or plea that postpones the imposition, or execution of sentence during the good behavior of the offender, it is known as a ________________________.

 

ANSWER:                                     suspended sentence

 

REFERENCES:                         Procedures Related to Modern Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. It is generally agreed that the first true probation law was enacted in the United States in 1878 and grew out of the work of ________________who is credited with being a founder of probation.

 

ANSWER:                                     John Augustus

 

REFERENCES:                         Founders of Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. Federal probation was authorized in 1925 when President Coolidge signed the ____________________

 

ANSWER:                                     National Probation Act

 

REFERENCES:                         Development of Federal Probation

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. _____ is the philosophy of allowing the state to serve as guardian of juveniles who might not be able to fend for themselves.

 

ANSWER:                                     parens patriae

 

REFERENCES:                         History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. Lucy Flower was responsible for the establishment of the first juvenile court in 1899 in __________.

 

ANSWER:Chicago

 

REFERENCES:History of Juvenile Probation and the Juvenile Court

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. Vermont was the second state to pass a probation statute, adopting a _____ plan of organization in 1898.

 

ANSWER:county

 

REFERENCES:Probation Departments: County or State?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                Page 11

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. The chance to avoid a criminal record by completing a term of supervision and staying out of trouble is known as

 

_____.

 

ANSWER:Boston

 

REFERENCES:Deferred Adjudication/Diversion

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 5

 

  1. The three main structural differences among probation agencies pertain to branch of government, autonomy, and

 

_____.

 

ANSWER:age

 

REFERENCES:Probation Departments: County or State?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 3

 

  1. _________________________ are statewide agreements through which funds are granted to local governments to develop and deliver community correctional sanctions and services.

 

ANSWER:                                     Community Corrections Acts

 

REFERENCES:                         Community Corrections Acts

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.5 4

 

  1. The ____________ provides therapeutic services to probationers or parolees (often referred to as clients) to assist them in living productively in the community.

 

ANSWER:                                     casework

 

REFERENCES:                         Casework Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.5 4

 

  1. The _____ was closely allied to the brokerage of services model.

 

ANSWER:                                     Community Resources Management Team Model

 

REFERENCES:                         Brokerage of Services Model

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 5

 

  1. The vast majority of probationers have been sentenced for a ______ or alcohol violation.

 

ANSWER:                                     drug

 

REFERENCES:                         Who is on Probation?

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.5 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powered by Cognero                                                                                                                                                                                                Page 12

 

Chapter_2__How_Probation_Developed__Chronicling_Its_Past_and_Present

 

 

  1. What was the significance of the decision in Commonwealth v. Chase?
  2. Write a review

    Your Name:


    Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

    Rating: Bad           Good

    Enter the code in the box below:



     

    Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

    If you have questions, you can contact us here