Test Bank For Essentials Of Physical Anthropology 3rd Edition By Clark Spencer Larsen

<< Conceptual Foundations The Bridge Professional Nursing 6th Edition Friberg Creasia-Test Bank Test Bank for Egan Fundamentals of Respiratory Care 10th Edition Kacmarek Stoller >>
Product Code: 222
Availability: In Stock
Price: $24.99
Qty:     - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare

Test Bank For Essentials Of Physical Anthropology 3rd Edition By Clark Spencer Larsen

Description

WITH ANSWERS

 

Essentials Of Physical Anthropology 3rd Edition By Clark Spencer Larsen  Test Bank 

 

CHAPTER 01: What Is Physical Anthropology?

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Before AD 1000, what did the people of St. Catherines Island eat?
a. They ate wild animals, fish, and wild plants.
b. They ate bison and salmon.
c. They were vegetarians and ate wild plants exclusively.
d. They ate mostly fruit.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. What was the cause of the biological change in the indigenous people of St. Catherines Island after AD 1000?
a. They became sedentary and had less food to eat because they stayed in the same area.
b. They became sedentary and consumed more corn, which caused dental disease due to its high sugar content.
c. They became sedentary and did not have enough exercise to keep their bodies fit and healthy.
d. They continued as nomads, but loss of animals due to climate change created a decline in their food source.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. What can be learned from studying a population through time?
a. We can learn that lifestyles do not change over time.
b. We can learn that diets, and therefore human biology, change through time.
c. We can learn that consuming the wrong foods over time does little to population health.
d. We can learn that human physiology does not change through time.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Physical anthropologists seek to study:
a. humans from a cultural perspective.
b. humans from a biological perspective only.
c. humans from a biological and cultural perspective.
d. human behavior only.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Physical anthropologists view how humans come to be the way they are as the result of:
a. their biological makeups, which primarily define who they are.
b. both evolutionary history and their own individual life histories.
c. what their genes make them; environment has very little effect.
d. their environment; genes have very little effect.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Physical anthropologists:
a. travel around the world to investigate human populations.
b. study living populations.
c. study primates like lemurs, monkeys, and apes.
d. travel around the world to investigate human populations; study living populations, and study primates like lemurs, monkeys, and apes.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Identify several different research areas in physical anthropology

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Primates are:
a. a group of mammals that share traits like forward-facing eyes, fingernails, and large brains.
b. often species with a long snout.
c. diverse species that live in various types of environments.
d. both a. and c.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Identify several different research areas in physical anthropology

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Physical anthropologists study what type of science?
a. astrological c. social
b. biological d. biological and social

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Bipedalism in primates means:
a. walking on two feet. c. walking using two legs and a tail.
b. walking on four feet. d. swinging from branch to branch.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Identify the six major attributes that separate humans from animals

TOP:   What is so different about humans from other animals? MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. What are three key attributes related to human uniqueness?
a. eating, sleeping, and watching television
b. increased hunting, speech, and dependence on domesticated food
c. hunting, avoiding predators, and tool making
d. sleeping, hunting, and making clothing

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Identify the six major attributes that separate humans from animals

TOP:   What is so different about humans from other animals? MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. What makes it possible for humans to accumulate an amazing amount of information over long periods of time?
a. social learning c. social media
b. television d. mimicry

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the importance of the six major attributes that distinguish humans from animals

TOP:   What is so different about humans from other animals? MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Archaeologists:
a. study primate evolution.
b. devote most of their effort to recovering artifacts and building museum collections.
c. study past human societies, focusing mostly on their material remains.
d. primarily study the evolution of language.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology

TOP:   The four branches of anthropology          MSC:              Remembering

 

  1. An archaeological field school is announced in your anthropology course. The description says that you will travel to Belize to learn about the lives of the ancient Mayans. What, primarily, do you expect to learn during this field school?
a. what species of nonhuman primate occupies this region
b. how current populations of immigrants have changed local dialects
c. how to excavate and study material culture
d. how to socially navigate life in a Central American setting

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology

TOP:   The four branches of anthropology          MSC:              Analyzing

 

  1. The scientific method:
a. relies on making hunches about the natural world.
b. involves empirical data collection and hypothesis testing.
c. is used to support preconceived notions or theories.
d. seeks to establish the absolute scientific truth.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the four steps involved in doing science (i.e., the scientific method)

TOP:   How do we know what we know?  MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. A hypothesis is:
a. another word for a theory.
b. a testable statement that potentially explains specific phenomena observed in the natural world.
c. a statement concerning scientific facts assumed to be true.
d. unable to be refuted by future investigations.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate       OBJ:   Distinguish between hypotheses and theories

TOP:   How do we know what we know?  MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. The hypothesis that the origin of human bipedalism was linked to a shift from life in the trees to life on the ground in the grasslands of Africa:
a. has been upheld by subsequent scientific data on human origins.
b. was developed in consultation with genetic and fossil evidence.
c. has been rejected recently subsequent to new fossil evidence.
d. has become a scientific law.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate       OBJ:   Distinguish between hypotheses and theories

TOP:   How do we know what we know?  MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. How is biocultural anthropology different from cultural anthropology?
a. Biocultural anthropology combines cultural studies with archaeology.
b. Biocultural anthropology studies the interrelationship between what humans have inherited genetically and culture; cultural anthropology studies diverse cultures and societies.
c. It is strictly a biological science.
d. It considers culture to be a by-product of our biological histories.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   What is anthropology?                    MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Bipedalism is considered one of the hallmarks of hominid evolution because it:
a. was the first evolutionary development that distinguished humans from other animals.
b. was possible only after the advent of simple material culture.
c. followed brain expansion in human evolution.
d. allowed hominids to come out of the trees and make tools 10 mya.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the importance of the six major attributes that distinguish humans from animals

TOP:   What is so different about humans from other animals? MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. How is a theory different from a hypothesis?
a. A hypothesis explains observations and cannot be refuted by new evidence.
b. A theory is an explanation based upon controversial facts.
c. A theory is an explanation that has been carefully examined and tested.
d. A theory has been less thoroughly tested than a hypothesis.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy               OBJ:   Distinguish between hypotheses and theories

TOP:   How do we know what we know?  MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Physical anthropology as a discipline is NOT concerned with:
a. skeletal pathology.
b. primate behavior.
c. the construction and use of language by human societies.
d. human evolution.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Identify several different research areas in physical anthropology

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Forensic anthropologists:
a. focus their work on skeletal analysis of individuals.
b. study skeletal remains from past human populations.
c. study the evolution of human skeletal traits.
d. do not work outside academia.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Identify several different research areas in physical anthropology

TOP:   Anthropology matters                               MSC:              Understanding

 

  1. Just before the arrival of the Spanish on St. Catherines Island, people there:
a. were primarily fishermen. c. became the first farmers of the region.
b. had adopted maize agriculture. d. were vegetarians by choice.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. In the context of physical anthropology, a disadvantaged social environment includes one:
a. with minimal access to technology.
b. with no transportation system.
c. with poor-quality nutrition.
d. where most people do not know how to read.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The results of a disadvantaged social environment include:
a. poor health, reduced height, and shortened life expectancy.
b. poor speech and excessive eating habits.
c. poor reading comprehension.
d. an inability to think critically and develop long-term planning.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. The study of physical anthropology varies in that some physical anthropologists study:
a. potential for life on other planets.
b. the interaction between domestic animals and disease.
c. extinct and living species of primates.
d. changes in marine life.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Identify several different research areas in physical anthropology

TOP:   What is physical anthropology?      MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. What makes us human?
a. physiology, culture, and planning c. physiology, behavior, and religion
b. biology, culture, and religion d. biology, culture, and behavior

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Identify the six major attributes that separate humans from animals

TOP:   What is so different about humans from other animals? MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Anthropology views humans as:
a. primates and religious beings. c. biological and cultural beings.
b. primates, religious, and cultural beings. d. cultural and religious beings.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Characterize the importance of the biocultural approach to anthropological inquiry

TOP:   Answering the big questions           MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. The four branches of anthropology are:
a. archaeological, geological, geographical, and biological.
b. physical, biological, cultural, and linguistic.
c. cultural, linguistic, geological, and physical.
d. physical, archaeological, cultural, and linguistic.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology

TOP:   Answering the big questions           MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Which is the study of evolution and variation in humans?
a. physical anthropology c. linguistic anthropology
b. archaeology d. cultural anthropology

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the differences and similarities among the four branches of anthropology

TOP:   Answering the big questions           MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. To increase early humans chances of hunting success, hunting:
a. was led by females.
b. was conducted with lithic tools and cooperative strategies.
c. was always well planned with a diagram.
d. strategies were developed to include children as bait.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Identify the six major attributes that separate humans from animals

TOP:   Answering the big questions           MSC:  Understanding

 

  1. Human production of stone or lithic tools is an example of:
a. linguistic comprehension. c. material culture.
b. subsistence strategies. d. ideology.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Identify the six major attributes that separate humans from animals

TOP:   The six big events of human evolution                           MSC:  Remembering

 

ESSAY

 

  1. Discuss the difference between a hypothesis and a theory. Why is the distinction important?

 

ANS:

A theory is an explanation that has been confirmed through careful examination and testing of evidence. Hypotheses explain observations, but they have not been tested.

The distinction is important, since a hypothesis that becomes a theory has been tested via the scientific method and has thereby been through rigorous controls. A hypothesis has not been tested and will remain a hypothesis until it has been tested. To confuse the two is a great error, because one implies rigor while the other is only a basic explanation with no substance to it.

 

DIF:    Moderate        OBJ:   Distinguish between hypotheses and theories

TOP:   How we know what we know: the scientific method      MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. Discuss the steps of the scientific method.

 

ANS:

The scientific method includes an observation, development of a hypothesis, experimentation, data collection, and conclusions. Data are used to test hypotheses, possible explanations for the processes under study, by observing and then rejecting or accepting the hypotheses. After observations are collected, scientists develop a theory, which is an explanation, not just a description, of phenomena.

 

DIF:    Moderate        OBJ:   Explain the steps involved in doing science (i.e., the scientific method)

TOP:   How we know what we know: the scientific method      MSC:  Analyzing

 

  1. Provide an imaginary example of the proper use of the scientific method.

 

ANS:

This answer should include only examples of what can be tested. The students response should include each step of the scientific method along with a fictional conclusion. This question may even be used on the first day of class as an icebreaker of sorts after a thorough lecture on the scientific method.

 

DIF:    Difficult         OBJ:   Explain the steps involved in doing science (i.e., the scientific method)

TOP:   How we know what we know: the scientific method      MSC:  Creating

 

  1. Discuss the value of the scientific method in our society.

 

ANS:

The response should include discussions of pharmaceutical and medical testing. The student should comprehend the value of testing and retesting data. For example, do immunization shots administered all at once increase the childs likelihood to develop autism? The answer, we know, is that they do not; however, previous doctored data were used to claim that they do, causing millions of parents all over the world to reduce inoculations or completely neglect them, thereby increasing the incidence of diseasefor example, the number of whooping cough cases in the United States.

 

DIF:    Difficult

OBJ:   Explain the four steps involved in doing science (i.e., the scientific method)

TOP:   How we know what we know: the scientific method      MSC:  Evaluating

 

  1. Discuss the six key attributes that make humans unique relative to other species.

 

ANS:

The six distinguishing features of humanity are bipedalism, nonhoning chewing, complex material culture and tool use, hunting, speech, and dependence on domesticated food. The commitment to walking on two legs is usually considered the most profound physical difference between humans and other primates. After bipedalism, according to the fossil record, the large honing canine tooth was lost as a result of the ability to make and use tools for processing food. Culture, pervasive for humans, is defined in the text as learned behavior, transmitted from person to person, that facilitates survival through adaptation to varied settings. Material culture is the part of culture that is expressed as objects that humans use to manipulate our environment. The archaeological record of past cultures material remains goes back to the simple rock tools that date from 2.5 mya. Humans require some form of technology to regulate temperature, acquire food, and so on in our varied environments. Some chimpanzees and other primates have simple material culture and even nonmaterial culture. Humans other key attributeshunting, speech, and dependence on domesticated foodsappeared much later in human evolution. Hunting refers to cooperative hunting, which likely emerged 1 million or more years ago. Speech is very distinctive of humans but difficult to pinpoint in the fossil record. Domestication of foods is the most recently developed unique human behavior, usually traced to 10,000 years ago. Increasing dependence on culture for survival makes us quite distinct among species and necessitates a biocultural approach to both human origins and human behavior.

 

DIF:    Difficult         OBJ:   Identify the six major attributes that separate humans from animals

TOP:   What is so different about humans from other animals? MSC:  Analyzing

CHAPTER 03: Genetics: Reproducing Life and Producing Variation

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Somatic cells include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. lung cells. c. skin cells.
b. gametes. d. neurons.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain the difference between the two types of eukaryotic cells

TOP:   The cell          MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Prokaryotes first appeared:
a. 10,000 years ago. c. 3.5 bya.
b. 1 mya. d. 65 mya.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Describe the major parts of a cell and the function of the organelles

TOP:   The cell          MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. _______ DNA is heteroplasmic, meaning it can differ among different parts of a persons body.
a. Nuclear c. Ribosomal
b. All d. Mitochondrial

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain what mtDNA is and why it is important in research about both modern and ancient humans  TOP:    The DNA molecule                    MSC:             Remembering

 

  1. Nucleotide bases in nuclear DNA include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. thymine. c. uracil.
b. adenine. d. cytosine.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Identify the four nitrogen bases of DNA and explain how they combine

TOP:   DNA: the blueprint of life              MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The following are complementary bases in DNA:
a. adenine and thymine. c. guanine and thymine.
b. adenine and cytosine. d. guanine and uracil.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Identify the four nitrogen bases of DNA and explain how they combine

TOP:   The DNA molecule                        MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. DNA replication produces:
a. four identical daughter cells. c. two single strands of DNA.
b. two identical copies of itself. d. four single strands of DNA.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               OBJ:   Explain how DNA reproduces itself

TOP:   The DNA molecule                        MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. In mammals, the male parents gametes determine the sex of his offspring because:
a. the X chromosome originates only from females.
b. sperm are more powerful than eggs.
c. the Y chromosome is present in males only.
d. the X chromosome determines sex.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate       OBJ:   Describe the human karyotype

TOP:   The cell: its role in reproducing life and producing variation

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Gametes are:
a. diploid. c. produced during mitosis.
b. haploid. d. somatic.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy               OBJ:   Describe and/or draw the process of meiosis

TOP:   The cell: its role in reproducing life and producing variation

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Haplotypes are:
a. not likely to recombine during crossovers.
b. likely to recombine during crossovers.
c. genes that code for similar things.
d. genetic material that come from one parent only.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate       OBJ:   Describe and/or draw the process of meiosis

TOP:   Meiosis: production of gametes      MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Down syndrome can occur:
a. as a result of translocation during mitosis.
b. because of nondisjunction, which yields an extra chromosome.
c. most frequently in the offspring of women under the age of 40.
d. most frequently in the offspring of men under the age of 40.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Describe and/or draw the process of meiosis | Describe the human karyotype

TOP:   Meiosis: production of gametes      MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. In his work on pea plants, Mendel found that plant height was inherited independently of the type or color of the seed coat. This finding:
a. applies only to genes on the same chromosome.
b. demonstrates the law of independent assortment.
c. explains gene linkage.
d. explains inheritance only in simple organisms.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Define Mendels law of segregation and law of independent assortment and explain their importance to the study of genetics                TOP:   Polymorphisms: variations in specific genes

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. DNA is important for protein synthesis because it:
a. is the biological code for the production of hormones and enzymes.
b. serves as a template to which amino acids are attached in protein production.
c. provides the code to produce proteins.
d. transfers information from RNA to proteins.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Describe the process of protein synthesis and the roles that DNA and RNA play

TOP:   Producing proteins: the other function of DNA               MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Proteins consist of:
a. genes. c. chains of DNA nucleotides.
b. RNA plus mRNA. d. chains of amino acids.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Describe the process of protein synthesis and the roles that DNA and RNA play

TOP:   Producing proteins: the other function of DNA               MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Transcription:
a. occurs in the nucleus.
b. occurs in the ribosome.
c. results in the production of proteins.
d. results in the transformation of mitochondria.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Describe the process of protein synthesis and the roles that DNA and RNA play

TOP:   Producing proteins: the other function of DNA               MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. RNA differs from DNA in that it uses:
a. uracil instead of adenine. c. guanine instead of uracil.
b. uracil instead of guanine. d. uracil instead of thymine.

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Describe the process of protein synthesis and the roles that DNA and RNA play

TOP:   Producing proteins: the other function of DNA               MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Transfer RNA:
a. seeks complementary triplet strands of mRNA codons.
b. contains codons that correspond to specific amino acids.
c. brings amino acids together to form polypeptide chains.
d. all of the above

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Describe the process of protein synthesis and the roles that DNA and RNA play

TOP:   Producing proteins: the other function of DNA               MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. The gene responsible for lactose persistence among adults in Europe is a _______ gene.
a. structural c. regulatory
b. dominant d. Hox

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Distinguish between the role of regulatory and structural genes

TOP:   Genes: structural and regulatory     MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Hox genes:
a. appear to function in similar ways across diverse groups of organisms.
b. function only in fruit flies.
c. control which amino acids get plugged into polypeptide chains.
d. control the development of language in humans.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the importance of homeotic (Hox) genes and what effects a mutation in these genes could have           TOP:              Genes: structural and regulatory                MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Meiosis results in the production of:
a. two gametes. c. a single gamete.
b. four gametes. d. none of the above

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Describe the process of protein synthesis and the roles that DNA and RNA play

TOP:   Genes: structural and regulatory     MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Homeotic (Hox) genes are:
a. structural genes.
b. responsible for the development and location of key body parts.
c. responsible for determining the sex of offspring.
d. not used during embryonic development.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain the importance of homeotic (Hox) genes and what effects a mutation in these genes could have           TOP:              Meiosis: production of gametes                MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Human ABO blood types are determined by:
a. regulatory genes. c. multiple genes.
b. multiple alleles. d. homeotic genes.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain why the one gene-one protein model of genetics is not completely correct

TOP:   Polymorphisms: variations in specific genes                              MSC:   Remembering

 

  1. Microsatellites are:
a. small satellite transmitters used in genetic research.
b. useful for determining group but not individual identification.
c. highly individualized repetitive stretches of nuclear DNA.
d. known from Watson and Cricks 1950s research.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain why the one gene-one protein model of genetics is not completely correct

TOP:   Polymorphisms: variations in specific genes                              MSC:   Remembering

 

  1. An individual that is homozygous at the locus that determines ABO blood type may have any of the following EXCEPT type _______ blood.
a. AB c. A
b. O d. B

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain why the one gene-one protein model of genetics is not completely correct

TOP:   Polymorphisms: variations in specific genes                              MSC:   Remembering

 

  1. Individuals whose blood type is A and who carry both dominant and recessive genes at this locus have a genotype of:
a. AA. c. AB.
b. AO. d. OO.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain why the one gene-one protein model of genetics is not completely correct

TOP:   Polymorphisms: variations in specific genes                              MSC:   Applying

 

  1. The presence of a recessive allele:
a. can always be determined from the phenotype.
b. can be masked in the phenotype.
c. is expressed in the phenotype alongside a dominant allele.
d. can never be expressed in the phenotype.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the difference between phenotype and genotype

TOP:   Genotypes and phenotypes: genes and their expressions           MSC:   Remembering

 

  1. The expression of polygenic traits is:
a. never determined by the influence of environmental factors.
b. determined by genes at several loci.
c. determined by multiple genes at one locus.
d. determined solely by the influence of environmental factors.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain why the one gene-one protein model of genetics is not completely correct

TOP:   The complexity of genetics            MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. A traits heritability is the proportion of its variation that:
a. is genetic.
b. cannot be explained.
c. is the product of genes and environment.
d. results from the environment alone.

 

 

ANS:  A                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Explain the difference between phenotype and genotype          TOP:    The complexity of genetics

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. In 2004, the Human Genome Project published a human genome map indicating that _______ genes are responsible for the human bodys proteins.
a. 100,000 c. 20,00025,000
b. 50,000 d. 200,000250,000

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Easy

OBJ:   Define the goals and accomplishments of the Human Genome Project

TOP:   Anthropology matters! The Human Genome Project: a genetic revolution

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR):
a. allows us to use genetic methods to explore the origins and movements of populations.
b. is used to amplify tiny sequences of DNA for study.
c. allows us to study small amounts of DNA available in ancient skeletons.
d. all of the above

 

 

ANS:  D                    DIF:    Easy               OBJ:   Identify methods used to study DNA

TOP:   How do we know? Ancient DNA opens new windows on the past

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Genetic analysis of haplotypes and variants among living and precontact Native Americans indicates that Native Americans:
a. underwent a huge decline in genetic diversity after Columbuss arrival in the New World.
b. living today appear to be as diverse genetically as their ancient ancestors thousands of years ago.
c. have a genetic structure and haplogroups that are quite recent.
d. living today appear to be more diverse genetically than their ancient ancestors.

 

 

ANS:  B                    DIF:    Moderate       OBJ:   Identify methods used to study DNA

TOP:   How do we know? Ancient DNA opens new windows on the past

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Somatic cells are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. each includes a nucleus at some stage of its development.
b. they are used in multiple tissues throughout the body.
c. each contains half a copy of an organisms DNA.
d. each contains a complete copy of all of an organisms DNA.

 

 

ANS:  C                    DIF:    Moderate

OBJ:   Explain the difference between the two types of eukaryotic cells

TOP:   The cell: its role in reproducing life and producing variation

MSC:  Remembering

 

  1. Homologous chromosomes:
a. are genetically identical.
b. carry genetic information that influences the same traits.
c.<

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



 

Once the order is placed, the order will be delivered to your email less than 24 hours, mostly within 4 hours. 

If you have questions, you can contact us here