Test Bank For Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology 6th Edition By Scanlon Sanders

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Test Bank For Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology 6th Edition By Scanlon Sanders

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WITH ANSWERS

 

Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology 6th Edition By Scanlon Sanders

Chapter 1 (MC): Organization and General Plan of the Body

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. An organ shaped like a hollow tube probably ___ something.
a. divides c. protects or supports
b. transports d. covers

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. An organ that is hard and strong probably ___ something.
a. moves c. protects or supports
b. transports d. covers

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. An organ that is a flat sheet probably ___ something.
a. moves c. protects or supports
b. transports d. covers

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. An organ that is able to contract probably ___ something.
a. moves c. protects or supports
b. divides d. covers

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. An organ that is shaped like a sac or sphere with a tube leading out probably ___ something.
a. covers c. divides
b. secretes d. supports

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 1

 

  1. In anatomic position, the hands are ___ and the feet are ___.
a. palms forward/parallel c. palms forward/at a right angle
b. palms backward/at a right angle d. palms backward/parallel

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The deltoid area is ___ to the gluteal area.
a. superior c. external
b. inferior d. internal

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The umbilical area is ___ to the lumbar area.
a. dorsal c. proximal
b. posterior d. ventral

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The plantar area is ___ to the femoral area.
a. superior c. proximal
b. distal d. central

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The inguinal area is ___ to the perineum.
a. lateral c. central
b. medial d. inferior

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The frontal area is ___ to the occipital area.
a. posterior c. dorsal
b. anterior d. inferior

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. An area completely lateral to the nasal area is the ___ area.
a. temporal c. occipital
b. buccal d. frontal

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The term oral is a synonym for:
a. orbital c. nasal
b. buccal d. cranial

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The term palmar is a synonym for:
a. plantar c. brachial
b. volar d. popliteal

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The brachial area is ___ to the axillary area and ___ to the volar area.
a. distal/proximal c. proximal/distal
b. distal/inferior d. proximal/superior

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The pectoral area is ___ to the cervical area and ___ to the umbilical area.
a. inferior/lateral c. inferior/superior
b. superior/medial d. inferior/medial

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The occipital area is both:
a. anterior and dorsal c. anterior and ventral
b. posterior and dorsal d. posterior and ventral

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The mammary area is both:
a. anterior and dorsal c. anterior and ventral
b. posterior and dorsal d. posterior and ventral

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The popliteal area is ___ to the femoral area and ___ to the patellar area.
a. proximal/anterior c. proximal/posterior
b. distal/anterior d. distal/posterior

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The sacral area is ___ to the lumbar area and ___ to the iliac areas.
a. inferior/medial c. inferior/lateral
b. superior/medial d. superior/lateral

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The deltoid areas are ___ to the cervical area and ___ to the axillary areas.
a. lateral/inferior c. lateral/superior
b. medial/inferior d. medial/superior

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. An area that is both inferior and anterior to the lumbar area is the:
a. sacral area c. inguinal area
b. gluteal area d. mammary area

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. An area that is both superior and posterior to the umbilical area is the:
a. nasal area c. gluteal area
b. occipital area d. sacral area

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The junction of the lower limb and the trunk is the:
a. inguinal area c. both A and B
b. gluteal area d. both A and B, and the lumbar area

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The junction of the upper limb and the trunk is the:
a. deltoid area c. both A and B
b. axillary area d. both A and B, and the pectoral area

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. An area that is both anterior and posterior is the:
a. pectoral area c. lumbar area
b. brachial area d. patellar area

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. An area that is both dorsal and ventral is the:
a. volar area c. femoral area
b. sacral area d. popliteal area

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. An area that has anterior, posterior, and lateral parts is the:
a. lumbar area c. pectoral area
b. occipital area d. cervical area

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. For a part of the body to have proximal and distal portions, the part must have:
a. at least five smaller parts
b. a definite origin or beginning
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and a definite middle part

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The areas of the body that have names similar to the bones within them are the:
a. parietal area c. both A and B
b. femoral area d. both A and B, and the iliac area

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The areas of the body that have names similar to the bones within them are the:
a. occipital area c. both A and B
b. patellar area d. both A and B, and the gluteal area

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The hepatic area refers to the ___, and the cardiac area refers to the ___.
a. liver/heart c. stomach/esophagus
b. liver/esophagus d. spleen/heart

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The cutaneous area refers to the ___, and the gastric area refers to the ___.
a. muscles/liver c. muscles/stomach
b. skin/stomach d. skin/liver

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The pulmonary area refers to the ___, and the perineal area refers to the ___.
a. trachea/diaphragm c. trachea/pelvic floor
b. lungs/diaphragm d. lungs/pelvic floor

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 2

 

  1. The organ system that regulates body functions by means of electrochemical impulses is the ___ system.
a. nervous c. circulatory
b. skeletal d. reproductive

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The organ system that supports the body is the ___ system.
a. nervous c. muscular
b. skeletal d. integumentary

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The organ system that transports nutrients and gases within the body is the ___ system.
a. nervous c. circulatory
b. urinary d. respiratory

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The organ system that produces specialized cells to continue the human species is the ___ system.
a. endocrine c. circulatory
b. lymphatic d. reproductive

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The organ system that removes waste products from the blood is the ___ system.
a. urinary c. endocrine
b. circulatory d. nervous

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The organ system that moves the body is the ___ system.
a. skeletal c. endocrine
b. muscular d. integumentary

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The muscular system:
a. moves the body c. both A and B
b. produces a significant amount of heat d. both A and B, and supports the body

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The urinary system:
a. regulates blood volume
b. removes waste products from the blood
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and regulates the pH of the blood

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The endocrine system:
a. secretes hormones
b. consists of glands
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and is exactly the same in men and women

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The integumentary system:
a. covers the body
b. includes the skin
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and it supports the body

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The integumentary system:
a. includes the skin c. both A and B
b. is a barrier to pathogens d. both A and B, and includes the hair

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The lymphatic system:
a. destroys pathogens
b. brings oxygen to tissues
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and it provides immunity

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 3

 

  1. The membrane that covers the lungs is the:
a. visceral pleura c. peritoneum
b. parietal pleura d. mesentery

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The membrane that lines the thoracic cavity is the:
a. visceral pleura c. peritoneum
b. parietal pleura d. mesentery

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The visceral pleura:
a. covers the lungs c. covers the thoracic cavity
b. lines the lungs d. lines the thoracic cavity

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The parietal pleura:
a. covers the lungs c. covers the thoracic cavity
b. lines the lungs d. lines the thoracic cavity

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity is the:
a. visceral pleura c. peritoneum
b. parietal pleura d. mesentery

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The membrane that covers the abdominal organs is the:
a. visceral pleura c. peritoneum
b. parietal pleura d. mesentery

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The mesentery:
a. lines the abdominal organs c. covers the abdominal organs
b. lines the abdominal cavity d. covers the abdominal cavity

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The peritoneum:
a. lines the abdominal organs c. covers the abdominal organs
b. lines the abdominal cavity d. covers the abdominal cavity

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominal cavity by the:
a. rib cage c. peritoneum
b. diaphragm d. perineum

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The diaphragm separates:
a. the dorsal and ventral cavities c. the ventral and abdominal cavities
b. the thoracic and dorsal cavities d. the thoracic and abdominal cavities

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The thoracic cavity contains the:
a. pancreas c. lungs
b. gallbladder d. spleen

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The thoracic cavity contains all of these except the:
a. lungs c. trachea
b. heart d. liver

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The abdominal cavity contains the:
a. small intestine c. gallbladder
b. stomach d. all of these

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The pelvic cavity contains the:
a. pancreas c. gallbladder
b. small intestine d. urinary bladder

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The dorsal cavity contains the:
a. brain and eyes c. eyes and nasal cavities
b. lungs and spinal cord d. spinal cord and brain

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The meninges are membranes that:
a. line the ventral cavity c. cover the ventral cavity
b. line the dorsal cavity d. cover the dorsal cavity

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The meninges are membranes that:
a. cover the brain
b. cover the spinal cord
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and line the orbital cavities

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The meninges are membranes that:
a. cover the brain c. both A and B
b. line the ventral cavity d. both A and B, and line the spinal cord

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The ventral cavity contains the:
a. lungs and spinal cord c. lungs and liver
b. brain and spinal cord d. eyes and brain

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The ventral cavity consists of the:
a. abdominal cavity c. both A and B
b. thoracic cavity d. both A and B, and the pelvic cavity

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the body cavities?
a. The ventral cavity includes the thoracic cavity.
b. The spinal cavity is part of the dorsal cavity.
c. The pelvic cavity is part of the ventral cavity.
d. The diaphragm separates the thoracic and pelvic cavities.

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. Which statement is NOT true of the membranes of body cavities?
a. The meninges cover the spinal cord.
b. The thoracic cavity is covered by the parietal pleura.
c. The abdominal cavity is lined by the peritoneum.
d. The meninges line the dorsal cavity.

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 4

 

  1. The upper right abdominal quadrant contains the:
a. liver c. lungs
b. stomach d. urinary bladder

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The upper left abdominal quadrant contains the:
a. gallbladder c. lungs
b. stomach d. urinary bladder

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The upper right abdominal quadrant contains the:
a. liver c. both A and B
b. spleen d. both A and B, and the pancreas

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The liver is found in the:
a. upper right abdominal quadrant
b. upper left abdominal quadrant
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and in the lower left quadrant

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The lower left abdominal quadrant contains the:
a. large intestine c. both A and B
b. small intestine d. both A and B, and the spleen

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The lower right abdominal quadrant contains the:
a. small intestine c. both A and B
b. large intestine d. both A and B, and the gallbladder

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The lower boundary of the upper right and left abdominal quadrants is a line through the:
a. umbilicus c. stomach
b. spleen d. liver

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The junction of all four abdominal quadrants is the crossing of their boundary lines at the:
a. liver c. stomach
b. gallbladder d. umbilicus

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 5

 

  1. The two deltoid areas would be separated by which section of the body?
a. midtransverse c. cross
b. midsagittal d. coronal

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The two iliac areas would be separated by which section of the body?
a. cross c. midsagittal
b. frontal d. midtransverse

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The pectoral areas would be separated from the sacral area by which section of the body?
a. midtransverse c. both of these
b. midsagittal d. neither of these

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The pectoral areas would be separated from the gluteal areas by which section of the body?
a. midtransverse c. both of these
b. midfrontal d. neither of these

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The femoral area would be separated from the patellar area by which section of the lower limb?
a. cross c. both A and B
b. frontal d. both A and B, and sagittal

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The brachial area would be separated from the volar area by which section of the upper limb?
a. longitudinal c. both of these
b. cross d. neither of these

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. A sagittal section separates the body into:
a. upper and lower parts c. front and back parts
b. right and left parts d. none of these

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The body would be separated into right and left parts by which section?
a. coronal c. transverse
b. sagittal d. cross

 

 

ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. A transverse section separates the body into:
a. upper and lower parts c. front and back parts
b. right and left parts d. medial and lateral parts

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The body would be separated into upper and lower parts by which section?
a. frontal c. transverse
b. sagittal d. coronal

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. A coronal section separates the body into:
a. upper and lower parts c. front and back parts
b. right and left parts d. medial and lateral parts

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. A coronal section separates the body into:
a. front and back parts
b. anterior and posterior parts
c. both A and B
d. both A and B, and dorsal and ventral parts

 

 

ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. The body would be separated into anterior and posterior parts by which section?
a. coronal c. transverse
b. sagittal d. all of these

 

 

ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. A cross-section of the intestine would look like a:
a. hollow cylinder c. hollow circle
b. solid cylinder d. solid circle

 

 

ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    REF:   Rev Ques 6

 

  1. A cross-section of a vein would look like a:

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