Test Bank For Intimate Relationships Marriages And Families 9th Edition by Nancy Stinnett

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Test Bank For Intimate Relationships Marriages And Families 9th Edition by Nancy Stinnett




Intimate Relationships Marriages And Families 9th Edition by Nancy Stinnett




Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. Which of these is not considered a family by the U.S. Census Bureau definition?

A. one-parent family


B. gay or lesbian family


C. cohabiting couple


D. polygamous family


2. Which of these is not considered a family by the definition used in this textbook?

A. gay or lesbian family


B. college roommates


C. polygamous family


D. cohabiting couple


E. grandparent-headed household


3. A __________ is defined as the family into which one is born and in which one is reared.

A. nuclear family


B. family of origin


C. cohabiting family


D. primary family


E. matriarchal family


4. Which of the following is used to refer to the family you establish when you have your own children?

A. family of origin


B. nuclear family


C. family of procreation


D. patriarchal family


5. A __________ consists of a father, mother, and their children.

A. nuclear family


B. family of origin


C. family of procreation


D. patriarchal family


E. natural family


6. According to researchers, a(n) __________ is formed when a widowed or divorced person, with or without children, marries another person who may or may not have been married before and who may or may not have children.

A. broken family


B. family of origin


C. binuclear family


D. extended family


E. blended family


7. According to your text, which of the following terms could also be used to refer to a stepfamily?

A. extended family


B. binuclear family


C. blended family


D. family of procreation


8. According to your text, a(n) __________ consists of a parent, possibly a mate, and any children of the parent and other relatives who might live in the household or nearby.

A. nuclear family


B. extended family


C. family of origin


D. binuclear family


E. blended family


9. A __________ is defined as one in which the man has more than one wife.

A. binuclear family


B. polygynous family


C. matriarchal family


D. polyandrous family


E. patriarchal family


10. Since 1970 families have become more concerned with meeting the _____ needs of family members.

A. economic


B. emotional


C. practical


D. instrumental


11. One of the most important changes in the family has been a shift in emphasis
from marriage for __________ to marriage for __________.

A. economic security; having children


B. economic security; love, companionship, and satisfaction of emotional need


C. having children; love, companionship, and satisfaction of emotional need


D. love, companionship, and emotional need; economic security


12. The traditional purpose of the family was to meet the ______ needs of family members.

A. expressive


B. patriarchal


C. industrial


D. physical


13. A patriarchal family is defined as one in which _________.

A. a man has more than one wife


B. a married couple lives with their own biological children


C. an original family is divided into two families by divorce


D. the father has authority over all other family members


14. The 1960s marked a point at which families began to shift from ______ to _____.

A. matriarchy to patriarchy


B. democracy to patriarchy


C. patriarchy to democracy


D. patriarchal to matriarchal


15. According to your text, the feminist movement of the 1960s was a major cause of _______.

A. the rise of matriarchy


B. a shift to a more traditional view of the family


C. the child study movement


D. families becoming more egalitarian


16. The marriage rate is defined as the number of people who marry

A. during the preceding 12 months per 10,000 population.


B. during the preceding 12 months per 1,000 population.


C. for the first time during the preceding 12 months per 10,000 population


D. for the first time during the preceding 12 months per 1,000 population


17. According to the U.S. Census, todays marriage rate is approximately _____.

A. 4 per 1000


B. 6 per 1000


C. 7 per 1000


D. 10 per 1000


18. According to the U.S. Census, the current marriage rate is ______ the rate right after World War II.

A. lower than


B. the same as


C. more than


19. According to the U.S. Census, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the median age at first marriage started a(n) _____ that ended in the _______.

A. increase; mid-1950s.


B. decline; mid-1950s.


C. increase; year 2000.


D. decline; year 2000.


20. The median age in 2006 for first marriage was ________ that of the 1980s.

A. less than


B. about the same as


C. higher than


21. The change in the age at which most people are marrying for the first time is not associated with:

A. longer periods of school enrollment


B. increased acceptance of non-marital cohabitation


C. negative attitudes about marriage


D. more career options for women


22. What is one major consequence of waiting until ones mid to late 20s to get married, according to research findings?

A. fewer marriage partners will be available


B. marriages will tend to last longer


C. families will be smaller


D. divorce will be more common


23. According to national statistics, overall fertility rates have been _________ over the last 100 years.

A. rising


B. staying about the same


C. declining


24. What was the average family size in 2007, according to the U.S. Census?

A. 2.0


B. 2.6


C. 3.7


D. 4.5


25. Which of the following is not indicated by research to be one of the reasons for the decline in family size?

A. interracial marriages


B. availability of contraception


C. economic conditions


D. higher divorce rate


26. The fertility rate is highest among:

A. African Americans


B. Hispanic Americans


C. Asian Americans


D. Native Americans


27. Data from the U.S. Census Bureau indicate that most employed mothers have ________ at home.

A. no children


B. young children (under age 6)


C. older children (between 6 and 17)


28. According to the U.S. Census, what percent of mothers who have children under age 6 are employed outside the home?

A. 40


B. 50


C. 60


D. 70


29. According to the text, _______ is the major reason for mothers entering the workforce.

A. financial need


B. personal fulfillment


C. increase in employment opportunities


D. increase in educational attainment


30. According to the text, womens increasing employment outside the home has resulted in _____.

A. a larger work load for women


B. a more equal sharing of household duties


C. less time for self-fulfillment


D. unhappier husbands


31. In the last 30 years, the number of one-parent families has _______.

A. decreased slightly


B. decreased significantly


C. increased slightly


D. increased significantly


32. Which ethnic group has the highest number of children living in one-parent families?

A. non-Hispanic White


B. Hispanic


C. non-Hispanic Black


D. Asian American


33. According to the text, children in cohabiting families are ___________.

A. generally younger than children of married parents


B. at higher risk for abuse


C. overall happier than children of divorced parents


D. better off financially than children whose parents are married


34. Which of the following statements is TRUE about cohabiting couples, according to a recent review of research?

A. Only about of cohabiting couples have children.


B. Most cohabiting couples go on to get married.


C. Cohabiting couples are more likely to have good marriages.


D. Cohabiting couples break up more often than married couples.


35. Same-sex couples who want long-term, committed, and legally recognized relationships have which choice(s)?

A. civil union


B. same-sex marriage (in some states)


C. domestic partnership


D. A, B, and C


E. A and B only


36. According to the text, children in gay or lesbian families ________.

A. tend to be confused sexually


B. are rare


C. are at higher risk for abuse


D. may come from previous heterosexual relationships


37. About _____ children in households headed by grandparents.

A. 6 million


B. 4 million


C. 1 million


D. million


38. Research has indicated that possible reasons for the increase in the number of grandparent-maintained household include all of the following EXCEPT ______.

A. higher rates of teen pregnancy


B. alcohol and/or drug use by parents


C. incarceration of parents


D. lack of education


39. According to the Census Bureau, life expectancy for men has increased from ______ in 1970 to _____ now.

A. 66; 72


B. 67; 75


C. 70; 75


D. 77; 80


40. According to the Census Bureau, life expectancy for women has increased from ______ in 1970 to _____ now.

A. 68; 72


B. 70; 75


C. 70; 78


D. 75; 80


41. According to the text, families may ____________ because of changes in how long people are living.

A. become smaller


B. have more responsibilities for elder care


C. experience a higher standard of living


D. see an increase in the divorce rate


42. According to the U.S. Census, the divorce rate in this country is _________.

A. increasing slightly


B. increasing significantly


C. decreasing slightly


D. decreasing significantly


43. At the present rate, researchers predict that about __________ of new marriages are likely to end in divorce.

A. 10-20%


B. 20-30%


C. 30-40%


D. 40-50%


44. According to the U.S. Census, by age 40, about ______ of people have been married two or more times.

A. 10%


B. 20%.


C. 30%


D. 50%


45. The number of blended families has been _________ because of _______.

A. declining; rising ages at first marriages


B. declining; lower birth rates


C. increasing; higher divorce rates


D. increasing; higher birth rates


46. Which of these is not characteristic of Hispanic American families?

A. high fertility rate


B. traditional marriage relationships


C. emphasis on individualism


D. extended family is a source of strength


47. Although the number of one-parent families is growing among all ethnic groups, the number of such families is highest among:

A. non-Hispanic Black families


B. Asian American families


C. Hispanic families


D. Native American families


48. According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the second-largest ethnic group in the U.S. is _________.

A. non-Hispanic Black


B. Hispanic/ Latino


C. Asian American


D. non-Hispanic White


E. Native American


49. Familism is a social pattern in which the interests of the _____ are subordinated to the values and demands of the ______.

A. family; individual


B. family; society/ culture


C. individual; family


50. The family theory that looks at the family as a social institution is _______.

A. exchange theory


B. structural-functional theory


C. family developmental theory


D. symbolic interaction theory


51. Which question might a structural-functionalist ask?

A. How do family members resolve conflict?


B. Is the familys income adequate?


C. Why were these two adults attracted to one another?


D. Were these two adults really ready to get married?


52. The family theory that divides the family experience into phases over the life span and describes changes in family structure and roles at each phase is ______.

A. exchange theory


B. conflict theory


C. family developmental theory


D. symbolic interaction theory


53. Which is a question that a developmental theorist might ask about families?

A. How does the family change when there is a birth?


B. Who provides the income?


C. How do family members communicate?


D. Why do parents feel overwhelmed sometimes?


54. The family theory that describes the family as a unit of interacting personalities is _______.

A. conflict theory


B. structural-functional theory


C. family developmental theory


D. symbolic interaction theory


55. A family therapist using the symbolic interaction theory might examine ________.

A. whether parents are at risk to be abusive


B. how family members communicate with one another


C. how financially stable the family is


D. the effect of remarriage on the family


56. Systems theory emphasizes how family members are __________.

A. problem-solvers


B. individuals looking to the family unit to meet its needs


C. contributors to the familys well-being


D. constantly influencing one another


57. A family therapist using systems theory would focus on an unhappy familys ____.

A. communication patterns


B. conflict resolution skills


C. adjustment to change


D. alliances within the family


58. Looking at a family from an exchange theory point of view means ________.

A. seeing how a family changes over time


B. seeking out answers about child abuse


C. looking at how each member gets their needs met


D. asking how equal each member feels to the others


59. From an exchange theorists perspective, family members _______.

A. both give and take within the family


B. interact in either functional or dysfunctional ways


C. are parts of an interacting whole


D. are constantly adjusting to change


60. Conflict theory focuses on ________ within the family.

A. destructive communication


B. negotiation


C. sexual satisfaction


D. sources of abuse


61. Which question might a family therapist using conflict theory ask?

A. How are you adjusting to this divorce?


B. Are the children happy in school?


C. Who has the power in this family?


D. How do each of you get your needs met?


62. The feminist perspective focuses primarily on _________ within a family.

A. sexual adjustment


B. the balance of power


C. the division of household responsibilities


D. communication


63. Which is not a premise of the International Family Strengths Model?

A. The qualities that make families robust vary considerably from culture to culture


B. All families have strengths.


C. Family strengths can be learned and developed.


D. The qualities that make families strong are interconnected.


64. According to the text, the most useful theory for understanding family communication is _______.

A. conflict theory


B. family developmental theory


C. exchange theory


D. symbolic interaction theory


65. According to the text, the most useful theory in understanding a familys adjustment to change is ______.

A. conflict theory


B. family developmental theory


C. exchange theory


D. symbolic interaction theory


66. Which of the following theories best explains the effect of addiction on families.

A. exchange


B. feminist


C. systems


D. structural-functional


67. The _______ theory explains how children learn many behaviors and ways of interacting with others.

A. feminist


B. structural-functional


C. exchange


D. social learning


68. According to the text, the most common method for learning about families is to _______.

A. watch them


B. ask them questions


C. study history


D. do experiments on them


69. Which of the following statements about relationship research is TRUE?

A. Very little has been done.


B. Longitudinal research is more valid than cross-sectional.


C. Validity and reliability are always questionable.


D. The most useful results can be drawn from numerous related studies.


70. The U.S. Census Bureau defines a family as a group of two or more people related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together.

True    False


71. To meet Winchs definition of family, members must have childbearing as their primary function.

True    False


72. Throughout most of American history, the American family was matriarchal.

True    False


73. The marriage rate signifies the number of people who marry within the preceding 12 months per 100 population.

True    False


74. Primary relationships tend to be superficial and easily replaced.

True    False


75. The median age at first marriage has decreased since the 1950s.

True    False


76. According to the text, people today tend to marry later and may experience a period of cohabitation prior to marriage.

True    False


77. The fertility rate is the number of children a woman is expected to have in her lifetime.

True    False


78. One of the most common challenges of single-parent families is economic hardship.

True    False


79. Research indicates that the wifes employment has a major effect on the
husbands household responsibilities.

True    False


80. According to the U.S. Census, almost 40% of all cohabiting couples break off their relationship in less than 5 years.

True    False


81. According to research, living together before marriage is a good way to prepare for marriage or to avoid divorce.

True    False


82. Civil unions and domestic partnerships carry all federal benefits and are automatically recognized by other states.

True    False


83. Research shows that households in which the greatest percentage of children under age 18 live with their grandparents also include their parents.

True    False


84. According to the U.S. Census, most people who remarry after divorce do so within 3 or 4 years.

True    False


85. Among Native Americans, family can include members of the household, distant cousins, and clan members.

True    False


86. One of the biggest changes in families in the U.S. in recent years has been the increase in cultural diversity.

True    False


87. By definition, a culture can encompass many different ethnicities.

True    False


88. Ethnicity can be thought of as the way people define themselves as part of a group through similarities in an ancestry and cultural heritage.

True    False


89. A family developmental theorist describes the family as a unity of interacting personalities.

True    False


90. In order to explain family behavior, a systems theory approach looks at a family as a social institution and asks how the family is organized.

True    False


91. A study may be reliable but still not be valid.

True    False


92. Only certified family specialists are qualified to do research on families.

True    False


93. The definition of family presented as the one used throughout the text
include what types of family situations not covered by other definitions?





94. Identify the four causes of the decline of patriarchy and the advent of the democratic family.





95. Identify the major reasons behind the decline in family size during the twentieth century.





96. One of the most dramatic trends in marriage patterns over the decades has been the postponement of marriage to a later age. How does this impact the lives of couples, as well as society, in general?





97. Distinguish among a nuclear, extended, and cohabiting family.





98. What factors are related to the change from a patriarchal to a democratic family?





99. List three negative outcomes associated with cohabiting before marriage.





100. Compare and contrast same-sex marriage, civil union, and domestic partnership.





101. Distinguish between ethnicity and culture.





102. What are some of the cautions in looking at families and practices in other cultures?





103. Discuss the change in the structure and function of the family as it moved from institution to companionship and from patriarchy to democracy.





104. Outline the basic trends in marriage rates, age at first marriage, birthrates and family size, employment of working mothers, and one-parent families.





105. Discuss the demographic, social, and attitudinal differences between married women who work outside the home and those who do not.





106. Discuss the concerns of gay and lesbian parents and their children.





107. Discuss the benefits and drawbacks for both children and their grandparents of grandparent-maintained households.





108. Murdock identified four basic functions of a nuclear family. Discuss them in terms of the familys role in American society.





Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. What percentage of the U.S. population live by themselves?

A. 1%


B. 12%


C. 27%


D. 42%


2. According to the U.S. Census, which group makes up the smallest proportion of the U.S. population in terms of marital status?

A. never-married


B. divorced


C. separated


D. widowed


3. According to the U.S. Census, the percentage of Americans aged 18 and older in 2004 who are married is ______ the percentage who are single.

A. more than


B. a little less than


C. much less than


D. about equal to


4. According to the U.S. Census, the ethnic group with the lowest percentage of divorced adults is ________.

A. Asian


B. Blacks


C. Whites


D. Blacks and Hispanics are about equal


5. According to the 2005 U.S. Census, in the last 35 years, the proportion of people who have never been married has ______.

A. increased a little


B. increased dramatically


C. decreased a little


D. decreased dramatically


6. Which ethnic group does research indicate is least likely to live with their parents if they have never been married?

A. Hispanics


B. Blacks


C. Whites


D. Asians


7. Which of the following does research indicate is the largest group of people 18 years old and over other than those who were married?

A. never-married


B. widowed


C. divorced


D. separated


8. For which of the following groups of people does it appear that marriage is most popular?

A. Whites


B. African Americans


C. Mexican Americans


D. Asian Americans


9. Which socioeconomic variables are related to the likelihood of remaining single?

A. age


B. race


C. gender


D. all


E. A and C only


10. The category of __________ singles includes never-married persons or widowed or divorced people who wanted to marry or remarry but who have not found a mate; they have become reconciled to their single state.

A. voluntary stable (permanent)


B. involuntary stable (permanent)


C. involuntary temporary


D. voluntary temporary


11. According to the U.S. Census, the great majority of singles are

A. permanently unmarried.


B. temporarily unmarried.


C. widowed or divorced, rather than never married.


D. eager to marry as soon as possible


12. According to the 2005 U.S. Census, people tend to get married for the first time when they are _____ now than they used to be.

A. older


B. younger


C. still in school


D. still at home


13. The womens movement has encouraged women to _________.

A. avoid marriage


B. have non-marital sex


C. not have families


D. be financially independent


14. According to the U.S. Census, by ages 45-54:

A. all but about 7% of males have married.


B. all but about 9% of females have married.


C. those who were single at 30 are probably still single


D. most males and females have married.


15. Which of the following is not a reason for the trend toward delaying marriage?

A. sexual revolution


B. womens movement


C. prejudice against marriage


D. longer period of educational and economic dependency


16. According to some researchers, who has more frequent contact with relatives and are more likely to live with relatives?

A. White, never-married individuals


B. Non-White, never-married individuals


C. White, divorced individuals


D. Non-White, divorced individuals


17. According to the text, a major purpose of singles groups today is to _________.

A. provide matchmaking opportunities


B. help people adjust to being single


C. provide support for the single lifestyle


D. pass laws to help single people


18. Lutwaks study of fear of intimacy among college women found that they

A. were afraid of sex.


B. were afraid of getting pregnant.


C. did not see the need for intimacy.


D. were afraid of dependency.


19. Analysis of statistical trends indicates that, since 1940, the male population has been _______.

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