Test Bank For Surgical Technology Principles and Practice 6th Edition by Joanna Kotcher Fulle

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Test Bank For Surgical Technology Principles and Practice 6th Edition by Joanna Kotcher Fulle

Description

WITH ANSWERS

 

Surgical Technology Principles and Practice 6th Edition by Joanna Kotcher Fulle

 

SAMPLE QUESTIONS

 

Chapter 1: The Surgical Technologist

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. The professional association for surgical technologists is the ________.
A. Association of periOperative Registered Nurses
B. American College of Surgeons
C. Association of Surgical Technologists
D. Accreditation Review Committee on Education in Surgical Technology

 

 

ANS:  C

The AST is the surgical technologists professional organization. The association promotes professional standards by providing services to its members as well as legislative support to promote and formalize the status of surgical technologists.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ________ demonstrates that a surgical technologist from an accredited program has achieved a minimum level of knowledge and skills.
A. Licensure C. Graduation
B. An associates degree D. Certification

 

 

ANS:  D

Certification is a demonstration of competency to a particular standard, usually set by the professional organization.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. Certification for the surgical technologist is ________.
A. mandatory C. unnecessary
B. voluntary D. invalid

 

 

ANS:  B

Certification is voluntary and is not required for practice in a profession.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. Certification differs from licensure in that certification _________________.
A. does not require continuing education credits
B. allows employers to evaluate prospective employees by one verifiable national standard
C. is not currently mandatory to practice in all 50 states
D. is a no-cost exam

 

 

ANS:  C

Licensure is a process in which the state government issues registration and the right to practice. Certification is not mandatory.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. The profession of surgical technologist is defined today as a result of:
A. less demanding professional needs
B. rapid monumental developments in technology in general
C. growing demands in the ancillary departments
D. advances in digital technology

 

 

ANS:  B

Rapid monumental developments in technology help define the role of the surgical technologist.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 2

 

  1. The need for assistive personnel in surgery did not arise until:
A. World War I C. Civil War
B. Korean War D. World War II

 

 

ANS:  D

The need for assistive personnel in surgery did not arise until World War II.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   pp. 2-3

 

  1. During World War I, _______ worked on the battlefield to offer aid and comfort to the wounded.
A. nurses C. Corpsmen
B. assistants D. orderlies

 

 

ANS:  C

During World War I, Corpsmen worked on the battlefield to offer aid and comfort to the wounded.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 2

 

  1. A new profession was born in the Army for the Corpsman; it was named:
A. Corpsman I C. CST
B. nurse D. ORT

 

 

ANS:  D

ORT, operating room technician, was a new profession born in the Army for the Corpsman.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   pp. 2-3

 

  1. Registered nurses continued to fill the role of the scrub, or instrument, nurse until about:
A. 1970 C. 1966
B. 1965 D. none of the above

 

 

ANS:  B

RNs continued to fill the role of the scrub, or instrument, nurse until 1965.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. The Association of Operating Room Nurses (AORN) published a book called:
A. The Role of the Operating Room Technician
B. Teaching in the Operating Room
C. Teaching the Operating Room Technician
D. Surgical Techniques for Operating Room Technician

 

 

ANS:  C

The Association of Operating Room Nurses (AORN) published a book called Teaching the Operating Room Technician.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. In _______ the AORN board of directors created the ________________.
A. 1968, Association of Operating Room Technicians
B. 1965, Association of Operating Room Technicians
C. 1968, Association of Operating Room Nurses
D. 1967, Association of Operating Room Nurses

 

 

ANS:  C

In 1968, the AORN board of directors created the Association of Operating Room Nurses.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. AORT stands for:
A. Association of Operating Radiology Technician
B. Association of Ophthalmic Register Technician
C. Association of Operating Respiratory Technician
D. Association of Operating Room Technicians

 

 

ANS:  D

AORT stands for Association of Operating Room Technicians.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. In an effort to formalize technologists education, AORT created two new committees, which are the Joint Review Committee and the:
A. AST C. CST
B. LCC-ST D. CORT-ST

 

 

ANS:  B

In an effort to formalize technologists education, AORT created two new committees, the Joint Review Committee and the Liaison Council on Certification for the Surgical Technologist (LCC-ST).

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   pp. 3-4

 

  1. The surgical technologists professional organization that supports students and graduates is:
A. LCC C. AST
B. CST D. none of the above

 

 

ANS:  C

The surgical technologists professional organization that supports students and graduates is the Association of Surgical Technologists (AST).

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. At the national level, AST provides the following support to students and graduates of surgical technologist and teaching institutions and the public:
A. maintains practice standards, code of ethics, and code of conduct for the surgical technologist
B. publishes a professional journal, The Surgical Technologist
C. holds annual conferences for surgical technologist and educators
D. all the above

 

 

ANS:  D

At the national level, AST provides the following support to student and graduate of surgical technologist, the public, and teaching institutions: maintains practice standards, code of ethics, and code of conduct for the surgical technologist; publishes a professional journal, The Surgical Technologist; and holds Annual Conferences for surgical technologist and educators.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. It is important for students to become active members of AST to promote:
A. standards of the profession
B. the Association of Surgical Technology
C. the Accrediting Review Council on Education in Surgical Technology
D. themselves

 

 

ANS:  A

It is important for surgical technology students to become active members of the AST and to promote the standards of the profession.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. As a body of professionals, surgical technologists are supported by a number of key organizations and partners. Each has a designated role in:
A. certification, standards, continuing education, and promotion
B. continuing education, promotion, standards, and accreditation
C. standards, continuing education, accreditation, and promotion
D. promotion, certification, accreditation, and continuing education

 

 

ANS:  D

As a body of professionals, surgical technologists are supported by a number of key organizations and partners. Each has a designated role in promotion, certification, accreditation, and continuing education.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. The Accreditation Review Council on Education in Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting (ARC/STSA) provides educational recommendations and ___________ required for accreditation of programs in surgical technology and surgical first assisting.
A. guidelines C. standards
B. rules D. grades

 

 

ANS:  C

The Accreditation Review Council on Education in Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting (ARC/STSA) provides educational standards and recommendations required for accreditation of programs in surgical technology and surgical first assisting.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. Which of the following organizations oversees certification and credentialing for the surgical technologist?
A. AORN C. NBSTSA
B. AST D. CAAHEP

 

 

ANS:  C

The National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting (NBSTSA) oversees certification and credentialing of surgical technologist and surgical assistants.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   pp. 3-4

 

  1. Accreditation is granted to a school only after:
A. review of curriculum C. after council review at the end of year
B. full on-site visit D. curriculum is submitted

 

 

ANS:  B

Accreditation is granted to a school only after a full on-site evaluation of the program and its facilities to ensure compliance with ARC/STSA standards.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. Surgical technologists are trained in:
A. 2-year colleges C. proprietary certificate programs
B. military D. all the above

 

 

ANS:  D

Surgical technologists are trained in 2-year colleges, the military, and proprietary certificate programs.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. The Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES) is another __________ accrediting body.
A. for-profit C. semi-profit
B. nonprofit D. none of the above

 

 

ANS:  B

ABHES is another nonprofit accrediting body.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. Certification through the Association of Surgical Technologist requires:
A. graduation from an ABHES-accredited school
B. graduation from an Armed Forces program
C. graduation from a CAAHEP-accredited school
D. all the above

 

 

ANS:  D

Certification through the Association of Surgical Technologist requires graduation from an CAAHEP-accredited school, ABHES-accredited school, and federally sponsored Armed Forces program.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. Certification demonstrates:
A. standard of knowledge
B. advanced level competencies
C. understanding of the principles and practices of surgery
D. support for NBSTSA

 

 

ANS:  A

Certification demonstrates a standard of knowledge and understanding of the principles of surgical technology.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. To be eligible to take the certification exam, the applicant must meet all requirements EXCEPT:
A. be a graduate of an accredited program (ABHES and CAAHEP)
B. currently be a CST
C. be a graduate of military program
D. have 7 of the last 10 years documented scrub experience

 

 

ANS:  D

Individuals must be a graduate of an accredited program (CAAHEP and ABHES), currently a CST, and a graduate from a military program.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. The National Center for Competency Test requires applicants to have the following:
A. high school diploma or GED
B. be a graduate of formal operating room technician (ORT) training program
C. A and B
D. none of the above

 

 

ANS:  C

NCCT applicants must have a high school diploma or GED, be a graduate of an ORT training program, and have 7 years of validated scrub experience within the past 10 years.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. Suzie has taken the CST exam and passed. For Suzie to keep her certification without retaking the exam, she must do one of the following:
A. attend the national conference
B. maintain continuing education (CE) credits
C. nothing
D. attend all state meetings

 

 

ANS:  B

CE credits provide an opportunity for professionals to improve their knowledge and competency.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. The stated goals of a career ladder are primarily to do all the following EXCEPT:
A. improve patient care
B. promote accountability
C. encourage employer recognition of the surgical technologist
D. encourage experienced surgical technologists to contribute to the professional growth of their own career

 

 

ANS:  D

The stated goals of a career ladder are primarily to improve patient care, encourage employer recognition of the surgical technologist, promote accountability, increase the visibility of the surgical technologists role in the health care facility, and encourage experienced surgical technologists to contribute to the professional growth of others.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   pp. 4-5

 

  1. The nonsterile member of the surgical team is called:
A. assistant C. circulator
B. scrub D. surgeon

 

 

ANS:  C

The circulator is a nonsterile team member.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. The surgical technologist who works in a hospital or other facility that provides 24-hour care is usually required to:
A. take a break every hour C. nothing
B. be on call D. none of the above

 

 

ANS:  B

The surgical technologist who works in a hospital or other facility that provides 24-hour care is usually required to be on call.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. The larger picture casts the surgical technologists role as a combination of four main areas of health care and technology EXCEPT:
A. educator and preceptor
B. participant in leadership and management
C. patient care provider in the perioperative setting
D. specialist in sterilization

 

 

ANS:  D

The larger picture casts the surgical technologists role as a combination of four main areas of health care and technology: assistant in surgical procedures as part of the surgical team; specialist in the preparation, handling, and use of surgical devices, equipment, and instruments; patient care provider in the perioperative setting; participant in leadership and management, and educator and preceptor.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 7

 

  1. James is a new graduate, and he is looking for a job in surgical technology. Career services has met with him and had him fill out applications for the following jobs. Of the following job fields, which one does James not qualify for as a new graduate?
A. CST
B. central processing manager
C. VA hospital, ST position
D. specialty technician
E. research and development representative
F. medical industrial representative
G. educator

 

 

ANS:  G

RATIONALE Public trust means that patients, their families, and others in the care environment maintain a high level of confidence in the professionals who care for them. Entry-level certification plus at least 2 years of experience in surgery are the minimum requirements for an educator position.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 8

 

  1. ___________ has particular attributes, attitude, and behavior that reflect a high standard of accountability, ethics, honesty, and respect for people.
A. Someone highly trained C. A professional
B. Someone who uses his or her skills D. Surgical technologist

 

 

ANS:  C

Professionals have particular attributes, attitude, and behavior that reflect a high standard of accountability, ethics, honesty, and respect for people.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 8

 

  1. __________ means that patients, their families, and others in the care environment maintain a high level of confidence in the professionals who care for them.
A. Patients trust C. Doctors trust
B. Staff trust D. Public trust

 

 

ANS:  D

Public trust means that patients, their families, and others in the care environment maintain a high level of confidence in the professionals who care for them.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 9

 

  1. _________________ means to be trustworthy, reliable, and responsible, not only on the job, but at all times and in all areas of ones life.
A. Consistency in character and behavior
B. Personal integrity
C. Respect for rules, regulations, and law
D. Discretion and tact

 

 

ANS:  B

Personal integrity means to be trustworthy, reliable, and responsible, not only on the job, but at all times, in all areas of ones life.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 9

 

  1. __________ is when a professional maintains professional demeanor even under stress.
A. Consistency in character and behavior
B. Personal integrity
C. Respect for rules, regulations, and law
D. Discretion and tact

 

 

ANS:  A

Consistency in character and behavior is when a professional maintains professional demeanor even under stress.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 9

 

  1. ___________ is when health care professionals are required to comply with many types of regulations and rules, including those of their institution (school or health facility), state, and federal laws.
A. Consistency in character and behavior
B. Personal integrity
C. Respect for rules, regulations, and law
D. Discretion and tact

 

 

ANS:  C

Respect for rules, regulations, and law is when health care professionals are required to comply with many types of regulations and rules, including those of their institution (school or health facility), state, and federal laws.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 9

 

  1. ________________ requires health professionals to work in many difficult situations requiring diplomacy and good judgment.
A. Consistency in character and behavior
B. Personal integrity
C. Respect for rules, regulations, and law
D. Discretion and tact

 

 

ANS:  D

Health professionals work in many difficult situations requiring discretion and tact.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 9

 

  1. The successful surgical technologist usually possesses the qualities of ________________. Once the professional begins working, these qualities can be enhanced through personal growth, or they can be lost through job stress or personal crisis.
A. professional and personal growth
B. surgical conscience and sterile technique
C. caring and empathy
D. communication skills and interpersonal relations

 

 

ANS:  C

A person who chooses to enter a health care profession usually has the qualities of care and empathy.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 9

 

  1. The surgical technologist can achieve career goals in a variety of settings, whether it is a high-profile institution, military post in a war zone, or a ___________ setting.
A. small, hospital-based C. small, community-based
B. large, hospital-based D. large, community-based

 

 

ANS:  C

The surgical technologist can achieve career goals in a variety of settings, whether it is a high-profile institution, military post in a war zone, or a small, community-based setting.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 9

 

  1. Suzie was working on an emergency c-section. Suzie was in a rush and did not have good ________________, which caused her to misplace an instrument.
A. manual dexterity C. organizational skills
B. ability to concentrate D. problem-solving skills

 

 

ANS:  C

A surgical technologist is required to have good organizational skills.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 10

 

  1. Suzie was scheduled to scrub a total knee replacement. This case requires Suzie to have ____________, which allows her to work quickly and deftly, sometimes with complex or very small instruments.
A. manual dexterity C. organizations skills
B. ability to concentrate D. problem-solving skills

 

 

ANS:  A

The surgical technologist must work quickly and deftly, sometimes with complex or very small instruments.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 10

 

  1. The surgical technologist is in motion during most of the procedure, preparing equipment or passing instruments in the correct spatial position. This requires moderate to intense _______________.
A. manual dexterity C. organizational skills
B. concentration D. problem-solving skills

 

 

ANS:  B

The surgical technologist is in motion during most of the procedure, preparing equipment or passing instruments in the correct spatial position. This requires moderate to intense levels of concentration.

 

PTS:   1                    DIF:    1                    REF:   p. 10

 

MATCHING

 

Match each item with the correct acronym.

A. NBSTSA I. ACS
B. ABHES J. RN
C. ARC/STSA K. CST
D. CAAHEP L. NCCT
E. AORN M. STCR
F. AST N. LPN
G. ORT O. LCC-ST
H. CFA  

 

 

  1. Surgical Technologist Circular Role

 

  1. Operating Room Technician

 

  1. National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting

 

  1. Association of periOperative Registered Nurses

 

  1. Licensed practical nurse

 

  1. Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools

 

  1. Liaison Council on Certification for Surgical Technologist

 

  1. Registered nurse

 

  1. Association of Surgical Technologists

 

  1. Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs

 

  1. American College of Surgeons

 

  1. Certified surgical technologist

 

  1. Accreditation Review Council on Education in Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting

 

  1. Certified first assistant

 

  1. National Center for Competency Testing

 

  1. ANS:  M                   PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 5

 

  1. ANS:  G                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   pp. 2-3

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   pp. 3-4

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ANS:  N                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ANS:  O                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ANS:  J                     PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 4

 

  1. ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ANS:  I                     PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 1

 

  1. ANS:  K                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 3

 

  1. ANS:  H                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 7

 

  1. ANS:  L                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 4

 

Match the definition with the role of the surgical technologist. You will use the same answer more than once.

A. Scrub role E. Preceptor
B. Circulator F. Instrumentation specialist
C. ST circulating role G. Leadership and management
D. Second assistant  

 

 

  1. Maintain retraction of tissue

 

  1. Scrub, gown, and glove self and team members

 

  1. Communicate effectively with surgeon to prevent errors, such as passing the wrong instrument or passing it in the wrong position

 

  1. Nonsterile team member who assists the RN

 

  1. Assist with hemostasis as directed by the surgeon

 

  1. Specialist in the preparation, handling, and use of instruments

 

  1. Irrigating the surgical wound, especially in microsurgery

 

  1. Teaching others while scrubbed

 

  1. Pursue an advanced degree in hospital administration and management

 

  1. Skills and knowledge required for this role are the processes of sterilization and disinfection, inspection of and troubleshooting equipment, and assembly of instrument tray

 

  1. Maintain a dry surgical site by operating suction devices and appropriate use of surgical sponge

 

  1. Ensure patient chart, including results of diagnostic procedures, permits, and preoperative checklist, accompanies the patient into surgery

 

  1. Prepares instruments and supplies on the sterile field

 

  1. Role is fulfilled by a registered nurse

 

  1. A teacher

 

  1. The nonsterile person who performs patient care procedures, obtains and delivers the equipment needed for a surgery case, opens sterile supplies, and assists in positioning the patient on the operating table

 

  1. Facilitating safety and emergency protocols

 

  1. Assist surgeon in specific, well-defined task as needed during the procedure

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   pp. 5-6

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   pp. 5-6

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 7

 

  1. ANS:  G                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   pp. 6-7

 

  1. ANS:  F                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  D                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   pp. 5-6

 

  1. ANS:  B                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  E                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 7

 

  1. ANS:  C                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   p. 6

 

  1. ANS:  G                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    2                    REF:   pp. 6-7

 

  1. ANS:  A                    PTS:   1                    DIF:    3                    REF:   pp. 5-6
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