Test Bank for Anatomy Physiology 7th edition By PattonThibodeau

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Test Bank for Anatomy Physiology 7th edition By PattonThibodeau

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WITH ANSWERS

 

7th edition or Anatomy PattonThibodeau Physiology  Test Bank

Patton and Thibodeau: Anatomy & Physiology, 7th Edition

 

Patton and Thibodeau: Anatomy & Physiology, 7th Edition

 

Chapter 1: Organization of the Body

 

Test Bank

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. A scientific theory is a fact.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 4

TOP:    Science and Society

 

  1. A theory that is supported by repeated observation and experimentation is called a hypothesis.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 4

TOP:    Science and Society

 

  1. A theory may eventually become a law.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 4

TOP:    Science and Society

 

  1. In humans, all respiration occurs in the lungs.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. Anatomy is the study of the functions of an organism and its parts, as opposed to the study of its structure.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Anatomy

 

  1. Conductivity and responsiveness are highly developed in both muscle and nerve cells in living organisms.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. The movement of digested nutrients through the wall of the digestive tube into the body fluids and to cells for use is called absorption.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. Biology is the study of life.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Anatomy

 

  1. Cell specialization is a necessary characteristic in order for the human body to function as it does.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Synthesis        REF:    Page 8             TOP:    Cellular Level

 

  1. Complementarity of structure means the function of a part may or may not be related to its structure.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 17

TOP:    Interaction of Structure and Function

 

  1. Blood production is a function of the integumentary system.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 9 (Table 1-2)

TOP:    Body Systems

 

  1. The Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria are examples of organelles.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 8

TOP:    Organelle Level

 

  1. An endomorph usually has a muscular physique.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 18

TOP:    Body Type and Disease

 

  1. Certain patterns of body fat distribution in endomorphs are associated with greater risk for heart disease.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 18

TOP:    Body Type and Disease

 

  1. Certain patterns of body fat distribution in endomorphs are associated with the development of diabetes.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 18

TOP:    Body Type and Disease

 

  1. When in anatomical position, the person is standing erect with arms at the sides and palms dorsal.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Anatomical Position

 

  1. Ipsilateral simply means on the same side.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Anatomical Position

 

  1. Bilateral symmetry is characteristic of external body organization, but not necessarily of internal organization.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Anatomical Position

 

  1. The frontal plane divides the body into right and left sides.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 16

TOP:    Body Planes and Sections

 

  1. Visceral peritoneum refers to the membrane that covers the organs within the abdominal cavity.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 11

TOP:    Body Cavities

 

  1. The abdominal cavity is separated from the pelvic cavity by a fibrous connective tissue membrane.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 11           TOP:    Body Cavities

 

  1. The dorsal cavity consists of the cranial and spinal cavities.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 11

TOP:    Body Cavities

 

  1. The ventral cavity consists of the thoracic and abdominal cavities.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Body Cavities

 

  1. The head, neck, arms, and legs make up the axial skeleton.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 13

TOP:    Body Regions

 

  1. The head can be subdivided into cranial and facial cavities.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10 | Page 11

TOP:    Body Cavities

 

  1. The term crural refers to the hip.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 13 (Table 1-4)

TOP:    Body Regions

 

  1. The umbilicus is the crossing point for the horizontal and vertical lines dividing the abdomen into quadrants.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 14

TOP:    Umbilicus

 

  1. The bone of the upper arm is deep to the muscles that surround and cover it.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 15           TOP:    Directional Terms

 

  1. The kidneys are medial and anterior to the vertebrae.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 15           TOP:    Directional Terms

 

  1. The eyes, ears, and arms all show bilateral symmetry of the body.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Anatomical Position

 

  1. The study of immunology investigates the movement of the blood.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 9 (Table 1-2)

TOP:    Transportation and Defense

 

  1. In a functional homeostatic system, an increase of blood glucose will elicit physiological reactions that will decrease blood glucose.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 19           TOP:    Homeostasis

 

  1. The lymphatic system plays an important role in immunity.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 9 (Table 1-2)                              TOP:    Body Systems

 

  1. The human body maintains a static, rather than a dynamic, homeostasis.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 18 | Page 19 (Box 1-1)

TOP:    Homeostasis

 

  1. Most individuals show almost total dominance by a single somatotype component.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 18

TOP:    Body Type and Disease

 

  1. Positive feedback maintains homeostasis by resisting or reducing any deviation from normal values.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 23

TOP:    Positive Feedback Control Systems

 

  1. Homeostatic mechanisms work on a negative feedback principle.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 21 | Page 22

TOP:    Basic Components of Control Mechanisms

 

  1. The release of oxytocin to stimulate labor during the birth of a baby is an example of negative feedback.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 23 (Box 1-3)

TOP:    Positive Feedback Control Systems

 

  1. Ultrasonography is the oldest and most widely used method of noninvasive imaging of internal body structures.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 17

TOP:    Medical Imaging of the Body

 

  1. The value of computed tomography is that an image is displayed along a transverse (cross-sectional) plane.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 17

TOP:    Medical Imaging of the Body

 

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging can produce sharper images of soft tissue than x-radiation can.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 17

TOP:    Medical Imaging of the Body

 

  1. The study of aging processes and other changes that occur as a person gets older is called gerontology.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 25

TOP:    Cycle of Life

 

  1. Etiology is the study of the occurrence, distribution, and transmission of diseases in human populations.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 26 (Box 1-4)

TOP:    Disease Terminology

 

  1. Pathophysiology is the study of the body in the healthy condition.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 26 (Box 1-4)

TOP:    Mechanisms of Disease

 

  1. Bacteria generally have a well-defined nucleus.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 26

TOP:    Basic Mechanisms of Disease

 

  1. Abnormal tissue growths are called neoplasms.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 26

TOP:    Basic Mechanisms of Disease

 

  1. Categories of risk factors or predisposing conditions may overlap.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 28 | Page 29

TOP:    Disease Terminology

 

  1. Physiology deals with structure, whereas anatomy deals with function.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Anatomy and Physiology

 

  1. Systemic anatomy describes the study of the body parts with the aid of scanning electron microscopy.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Anatomy and Physiology

 

  1. The nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs are components of the circulatory system.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 9 (Table 1-2)                              TOP:    Body Systems

 

  1. The nervous system is composed of brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 9 (Table 1-2)                              TOP:    Body Systems

 

  1. The pancreas contributes to more than one organ system.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 9 (Table 1-2)                              TOP:    Body Systems

 

  1. The endocrine system includes the pancreas, pituitary, adrenals, and other glands.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 9 (Table 1-2)                              TOP:    Body Systems

 

  1. A negative feedback control system produces a change opposite of that which activated the system.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 23

TOP:    Negative Feedback Control Systems

 

  1. In the thermostatically regulated furnace example of negative feedback, the furnace functions as the sensor.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 21 | Page 22

TOP:    Basic Components of Control Mechanisms

 

  1. Negative feedback systems are excitatory.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 23

TOP:    Negative Feedback Control Systems

 

  1. The process of childbirth in which the babys head causes increased stretch of the reproductive tract, information that feeds back to the brain triggering the release of oxytocin, is an example of negative feedback.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 26 (Box 1-3)

TOP:    Positive Feedback Control Systems

 

  1. The membrane lining the inside of the abdominopelvic cavity is the visceral peritoneum.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 11

TOP:    Body Cavities

 

  1. The gallbladder resides in the left lower quadrant.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 14 (Figure 1-8)                           TOP:    Abdominopelvic Quadrants

 

  1. Ventral and posterior are synonymous terms.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Directional Terms

 

  1. A coronal section would divide the body into equal right and left halves.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 16

TOP:    Body Planes and Sections

 

  1. The cell theory provides the major single distinction between living and nonliving things.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. The tissues in the body can be divided into as few as four major types.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 8

TOP:    Tissue Level

 

  1. With reference to the left elbow, the left shoulder would be the contralateral shoulder.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Anatomical Position

 

  1. In anatomy, the thigh is considered part of the leg.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 13

TOP:    Body Regions

 

  1. Because humans walk upright, dorsal can be substituted for posterior.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Directional Terms

 

  1. Because humans walk upright, superficial can be substituted for superior.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Directional Terms

 

  1. A fever indicates that your body has lost control of the body temperature set point.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 21 (Box 1-2)

TOP:    Changing the Set Point

 

  1. Most of the feedback mechanisms in the body are positive feedback mechanisms.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 26

TOP:    Positive Feedback Mechanisms

 

  1. Responsiveness and conductivity are highly developed in nerve cells.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. Responsiveness and conductivity are highly developed in muscle cells.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. Secretion refers to the removal of waste from the body.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. The process of absorption must precede the process of digestion.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. The exchange of gases between the blood and the lung is referred to as internal respiration.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. Cytoplasm is considered to be at the chemical level of organization.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 8

TOP:    Chemical Level

 

  1. A cell is characterized by a cell membrane and a single nucleus surrounded by cytoplasm containing organelles.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 8

TOP:    Cellular Level

 

  1. The next most complex level of organization after the organ level is the organism level.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 8 | Page 9

TOP:    System Level

 

  1. The anatomical position is the reference position for the directional terms of the body.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Anatomical Position

 

  1. The diaphragm divides the abdominal cavity from the pelvic cavity.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization

REF:    Page 11 (Figure 1-5)                           TOP:    Body Cavities

 

  1. For convenience in locating abdominal organs, the abdomen is divided into six imaginary regions.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 14

TOP:    Abdominal Regions

 

  1. Superficial and inferior are opposite directional terms in humans.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Directional Terms

 

  1. Proximal and distal are opposite directional terms in humans.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Directional Terms

 

  1. A mid-coronal section would divide the body into bilaterally symmetrical halves.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 10 | Page 16

TOP:    Anatomical Position | Body Planes and Sections

 

  1. A mid-sagittal section would divide the body into bilaterally symmetrical halves.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 10 | Page 16

TOP:    Anatomical Position | Body Planes and Sections

 

  1. Cannons concept of homeostasis refers to conditions that are set and stay the same all the time.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 19

TOP:    Homeostasis

 

  1. Eponyms are preferred in naming structures or processes in the body because they are easier to learn and give more information than the Latin-based names.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Language of Science and Medicine

 

  1. Controls in an experiment are used to limit the affect of outside influences on the result of the experiment.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 4

TOP:    Science and Society

 

  1. Metabolism refers only to those processes in the body that build larger molecules from joining two or more smaller molecules.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. If two structures are on opposite sides of the body, they can be said to be contralateral to each other.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Anatomical Position

 

  1. Blood flows through the lumen of a blood vessel.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Terms Related to Organs

 

  1. The apical portion of an organ refers to the apex or widest part of that organ.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Terms Related to Organs

 

  1. The cortical portion of a structure is more superficial than the medullary portion of that structure.

 

ANS:   T                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15

TOP:    Terms Related to Organs

 

  1. A feed-forward control system is another term for a positive control system.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 24

TOP:    Feed-Forward in Control Systems

 

  1. Sagittal, coronal, and transverse are directional terms used to describe the location of structures relative to a reference point.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 15 | Page 16

TOP:    Body Planes and Sections

 

  1. The structure of the mitochondria would be studied by someone interested in the gross anatomy of the body.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 5             TOP:    Anatomy

 

  1. A prion is a type of virus that has been linked to the development of mad cow disease.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 26

TOP:    Basic Mechanisms of Disease

 

  1. The body has two main cavities: the thoracic and abdominopelvic.

 

ANS:   F                      DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 10

TOP:    Body Cavities

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Which of the following describes anatomy?
A. Using devices to investigate parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure
B. Investigating human structure via dissections and other methods
C. Studying the unusual manner in which an organism responds to painful stimuli
D. Examining the physiology of life

 

 

ANS:   B                     DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Anatomy and Physiology

 

  1. Systemic anatomy is a term that refers to:
A. physiological investigation at a microscopic level.
B. anatomical investigation that begins in the head and neck and concludes at the feet.
C. anatomical investigation that uses an approach of studying the body by systemsgroups of organs having a common function.
D. anatomical investigation at the molecular level.

 

 

ANS:   C                     DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Anatomy and Physiology

 

  1. Physiology can be subdivided according to the:
A. type of organism studied.
B. organizational level studied.
C. systemic function studied.
D. all of the above.

 

 

ANS:   D                     DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Physiology

 

  1. Physiology:
A. recognizes the unchanging (as opposed to the dynamic) nature of things.
B. investigates the bodys structure.
C. is concerned with organisms and does not deal with different levels of organization such as cells and systems.
D. is the science that examines the function of living organisms and their parts.

 

 

ANS:   D                     DIF:    Memorization                                     REF:    Page 5

TOP:    Physiology

 

  1. Withdrawing from a painful stimulus is an example of:
A. excretion.
B. growth.
C. responsiveness.
D. secretion.

 

 

ANS:   C                     DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. Metabolism refers to:
A. the chemical basis of life.
B. the sum of all the physical and chemical reactions occurring in the body.
C. an organization of similar cells specialized to perform a certain function.
D. a subdivision of physiology.

 

 

ANS:   B                     DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 6

TOP:    Characteristics of Life

 

  1. A somatotype characterized by having a muscular physique is called a(n):
A. endomorph.
B. mesomorph.
C. ectomorph.
D. none of the above.

 

 

ANS:   B                     DIF:    Application     REF:    Page 18 (Box 1-1)

TOP:    Body Type and Disease

 

  1. Homeostasis can best be described as:

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A. a constant state maintained by living and nonliving organisms.
B. a state of relative constancy.
C. adaptation to external environment.
D. changes in body temperature.