Test Bank for Childhood and Adolescence Voyages in Development 6th Edition

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Test Bank for Childhood and Adolescence Voyages in Development 6th Edition

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WITH ANSWERS

 

Childhood and Adolescence Voyages in Development, 6th Edition By Spencer A. Rathus

 

True / False

1.Nearly one-third of all pregnancies result in miscarriage, most occurring in the first three months.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER: True

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

2.During the embryonic stage, the zygote travels to the uterus and becomes implanted.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

False

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

3.The amniotic fluid provides nourishment until the baby is born.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

False

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

4.Mother and fetus share one circulatory system that is, they share one bloodstream.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

False

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

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Page 1

5.In the second trimester, the fetus grows from about three inches long to about 14 inches long.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

True

REFERENCES:

3.3 The Fetal Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.3 Characterize the growth and movements of the fetus in the

fetal stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

6.Only 10% of all infants born from 18 to 22 weeks of gestation will survive.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

False

REFERENCES:

3.3 The Fetal Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.4 Discuss how maternal health, weight, and nutrition can affect

the developing fetus

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

7.Mothers do not usually feel the first fetal movements until the end of the sixth month of pregnancy.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

False

REFERENCES:

3.3 The Fetal Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.3 Characterize the growth and movements of the fetus in the

fetal stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

8.Prenatal activity predicts activity level after birth.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

True

REFERENCES:

3.3 The Fetal Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.3 Characterize the growth and movements of the fetus in the

fetal stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

9.Fetal movements are random and do not relate to external events.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER: False

REFERENCES: 3.4 Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

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Page 2

10.The fetus is more vulnerable than the embryo to teratogens.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER: False

REFERENCES: 3.4 Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.5 Describe the potential effects of substances that can cross the

placental barrier on the embryo and fetus

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

11.Rh incompatibility happens when androgens produced by the child are transmitted to the mother.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER: False

REFERENCES: 3.4 Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.5 Describe the potential effects of substances that can cross the

placental barrier on the embryo and fetus

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

12.DES is associated with cancer in the reproductive organs of children of women who used it.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER: True

REFERENCES: 3.4 Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.5 Describe the potential effects of substances that can cross the

placental barrier on the embryo and fetus

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

13.Very high doses of vitamins A and D are good for the developing fetus.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER: False

REFERENCES: 3.4 Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.5 Describe the potential effects of substances that can cross the

placental barrier on the embryo and fetus

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

14.Environmental hazards include lead, mercury, and PCBs.

a.True

b.False

ANSWER: True

REFERENCES: 3.4 Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.5 Describe the potential effects of substances that can cross the

placental barrier on the embryo and fetus

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

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Page 3

15.Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) results in more severe symptoms than fetal alcohol effect (FAE).

a.True

b.False

ANSWER:

True

REFERENCES: 3.4 Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.5 Describe the potential effects of substances that can cross the placental barrier on the embryo and fetus

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

Multiple Choice

16.Pregnancies can be dated from the onset of the last menstrual period before conception or by

a.assuming conception occurredtwo weeks after the beginning of a womans last menstrual cycle.

b.counting ahead nine months from the date the woman learned she was pregnant.

c.counting forward from the date the woman believes she conceived.

d.pregnancies are not dated as there is too much variability from woman to woman.

ANSWER:

a

REFERENCES: Introduction

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

17.Prenatal development can be thought of in terms of the germinal, embryonic, and fetal periods. Or, it can be thought of as three trimesters. In terms of the way time is divided into periods, these two viewpoints are

a.identical they both see prenatal development as occurring in three 3-month periods.

b.identical they both see prenatal development as divided into the first two weeks, week 3 through 8, and the third month through birth.

c.similar in that both assume a pregnancy will last 266 days.

d.different in how development is viewed.

ANSWER:

d

REFERENCES: Introduction

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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Page 4

18.Once in the uterus, the zygote

a.stops dividing into more cells.

b.becomes implanted immediately.

c.wanders around for 3 or 4 days before becoming implanted.

d.is now called a fetus.

ANSWER: c

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

19.Within 36 hours after conception, the zygote consists of ____ cells.

a.2

b.36

c.hundreds of

d.several thousand

ANSWER: a

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

20.The embryonic disk is part of the ____ that eventually becomes the embryo.

a.blastocyst

b.trophoblast

c.placenta

d.sperm cell

ANSWER: a

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

21.Prior to implantation, how are the developing cells that will become the fetus nourished?

a.Nourishment is not necessary at this stage of development.

b.From the umbilical cord and through the placenta

c.From the yolk of the original egg cell

d.From the endoderm of the blastocyst

ANSWER: c

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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Page 5

22.Which of the following does NOT develop from the four membranes of the trophoblast?

a.Zygote

b.Amniotic sac

c.Umbilical cord

d.Placenta

ANSWER: a

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of

prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

23.Nina says that a newly fertilized egg cell cannot survive without nourishment from the mother. Carole says that the fertilized egg cell is nourished by the yolk of the ovum and gains mass before implantation. Sarah says that the fertilized egg cell only gains mass after implantation. Which person is correct?

a.Nina only

b.Carole only

c.Sarah only

d.Nina and Sarah are correct, but Carole is not.

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Apply

24.Prema has read many books about pregnancy. Each gives a different estimate for how many pregnancies end in miscarriage. Given what you know from your text, which estimate is MOST accurate?

a.About 50%

b.About 33%

c.Less than 10%

d.About 75%

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES: 3.1 The Germinal Stage: Wanderings

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.1 Describe the events that occur during the germinal stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Apply

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Page 6

25.If a fetuss spine develops before its fingernails, this represents proximodistal development, characterized by

a.growth spreads outward from the spine.

b.development from the head down.

c.at birth, the head is oversized in comparison to the body.

d.upward from the trunk toward the brain.

ANSWER:

a

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Apply

26.If a fetuss upper arms develop before the lower forearms, this is called cephalocaudal development and is characterized by

a.growth spreads outward from the spine.

b.development from the head down.

c.inner organs grow faster than the extremities.

d.upward from the trunk toward the brain.

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Understand

27.Given the cephalocaudal pattern of development, which of the following should happen first?

a.Development of the sensory systems

b.Growth of the hands and feet

c.Development of the brain and spinal cord

d.Development of the kidneys and liver

ANSWER:

c

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

28.If the body were considered to have a central axis, it would be the:

a.brain

b.heart

c.spinal cord.

d.lungs .

ANSWER:

c

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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Page 7

29.The nails, hair, teeth, and outer layer of skin develop from the

a.endoderm.

b.ectoderm.

c.mesoderm.

d.neural tube.

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

30.At about 21 days, two ridges appear in the embryo and fold to make up the neural tube, which develops into the

a.nails, hair, and teeth.

b.digestive system, liver, and pancreas.

c.brain and spinal cord.

d.circulatory system, muscles, and skeleton.

ANSWER:

c

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

31.When the heart begins to beat in the developing embryo,

a.it is usually during the fourthweek after conception.

b.the organism weighs a fraction of an ounce.

c.the organism is only two to three inches in length.

d.the endoderm is fusing with the ectoderm.

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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Page 8

32.Before the end of the first month of embryonic development, the neural tube is producing about 400 million neurons per

a.second.

b.minute.

c.day.

d.week.

ANSWER:

c

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

33.When the genetic code (XX or XY) begins to assert itself,

a.genetic activity on the Y sex chromosome causes ovaries to begin to differentiate.

b.genetic activity on the X sex chromosome causes ovaries to begin to differentiate.

c.ovaries begin to differentiate if the Y sex chromosome is absent.

d.testes begin to differentiate if the Y sex chromosome is absent.

ANSWER:

c

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

34.According to the textbook, ____ is required for the development of male genital organs.

a.androgens

b.progestin

c.Wolffianinhibiting substance

d.estradiol

ANSWER:

a

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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Page 9

35.Female and male embryos have a pair of sexually undifferentiated gonads and two sets of primitive duct structures. These are known as the ____ and ____ducts.

a.XX XY

b.MIS DHT

c.Mullerian Wolffian

d.testosterone estrogen

ANSWER:

c

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

36.Without the influence of ____, all individuals, whether genetically female or male, would develop female external genitalia.

a.androgens

b.oxytocin

c.progesterone

d.prolactin

ANSWER:

a

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

37.When a developing embryo is exposed to higher levels of testosterone, this will lead to

a.the development of the fallopian tubes.

b.the development of the uterus.

c.the growth of the Mullerian bulbs.

d.the differentiation of the Wolffian system.

ANSWER:

d

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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Page 10

38.It is the job of the amniotic sac to

a.allow the fetus to exchange nutrients and wastes with the mother.

b.help the developing fetus maintain a stable temperature.

c.filter germs and drugs away from the developing fetus.

d.provide oxygenated blood to the developing child.

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

39.What makes the placenta unique in origin?

a.It is the first fetal structure to develop.

b.It allows oxygen and nutrients between mother and embryo to mix.

c.It develops from material from both the mother and embryo.

d.It provides the fluid that surrounds the embryo and protects it.

ANSWER:

c

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

40.The fetus is connected to the placenta by the ____, whereas the mother is connected to the placenta by the ____.

a.umbilical cord system of blood vessels in the uterine wall

b.system of blood vessels in the uterine wall umbilical cord

c.umbilical cord amniotic sac

d.amniotic sac system of blood vessels in the uterine wall

ANSWER:

a

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

41.The placenta contains a membrane that acts as a filter. It allows for which of the following to pass from mother to fetus?

a.Nutrients only

b.Oxygen only

c.Germs only

d.Nutrients, oxygen, and germs

ANSWER:

d

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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Page 11

42.What structure secretes hormones that stimulate the uterine contractions that prompt childbirth?

a.The umbilical cord

b.The placenta

c.The amniotic sac

d.The uterus itself

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

43.If a child is born with alcohol-related abnormalities, which of the following would not be a safe assumption?

a.The mother ingested alcohol sometime during the pregnancy.

b.Alcohol can be passed from the mother to the developing child.

c.That the placenta was unable to keep the alcohol from being passed to the child.

d.The child will suffer from intellectual disability later in life.

ANSWER:

d

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

44.Women who are infected with HIV can pass it to their offspring

a.through skin-to-skin contact.

b.during delivery through contact with maternal blood and fluids.

c.in all cases.

d.when there is intravenous drug use taking place during the pregnancy..

ANSWER:

b

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

45.Which of the following is TRUE regarding the placenta?

a.It secrets hormones that prepare the breasts for nursing.

b.It inhibitscontractions that prompt childbirth.

c.It is also called the amnion.

d.It cannot be seen on an ultrasound.

ANSWER:

a

REFERENCES:

3.2 The Embryonic Stage

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: VOYG.RATH.17.3.2 Explain the developmental processes that occur during the

embryonic stage of prenatal development.

KEYWORDS:

Blooms: Remember

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