Test Bank for Prescotts Microbiology 10th Edition Willey Sherwood Woolverton

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Test Bank for Prescotts Microbiology 10th Edition Willey Sherwood Woolverton

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WITH ANSWERS

 

Prescotts Microbiology 10th Edition Willey Sherwood Woolverton  Test Bank 

 

Chapter 01

The Evolution of Microorganisms and Microbiology

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Extant microorganisms are organisms from the fossil record that are no longer present on Earth today.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. All cellular organisms can be placed into one of three __________, which include the Bacteria, Archaea, and the Eukarya.
    domains

 

ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. Archaea are cellular organisms that have unique cell membrane __________.
    lipids

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 02.03 Bacteria and Archaea have specialized structures (e.g. flagella, endospores, and pili) that often confer critical capabilities.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Learning Outcome: 01.02.02 Design a set of experiments that could be used to place a newly discovered cellular microbe on a phylogenetic tree based on small subunit (SSU) rRNA sequences
Section: 01.01
Topic: Archaea

 

True / False Questions

  1. Microbiologists study a variety of organisms, but all are considered either Bacteria or Archaea.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.01 Differentiate the biological entities studied by microbiologists from those studied by other biologists
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. All eukaryotes have a membrane-delimited nucleus.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.01 Differentiate the biological entities studied by microbiologists from those studied by other biologists
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. Viruses are not generally studied by microbiologists because they are not classified as living organisms.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 02.05 The replication cycles of viruses (lytic and lysogenic) differ among viruses and are determined by their unique structures and genomes.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.01 Differentiate the biological entities studied by microbiologists from those studied by other biologists
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. Viruses constitute the fourth domain of life in current biological classification schemes.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.02 Explain Carl Woeses contributions in establishing the three-domain system for classifying cellular life
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Protists contain all of the following forms of life EXCEPT
    A. protozoa.
    B.  fungi.
    C.  slime molds.
    D.  algae.

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.01.01 Differentiate the biological entities studied by microbiologists from those studied by other biologists
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. Cells with a relatively complex morphology that have a true membrane-delimited nucleus are called
    A. prokaryotes.
    B.  eukaryotes.
    C.  urkaryotes.
    D.  nokaryotes.

 

ASM Objective: 01.01 Cells, organelles (e.g. mitochondria and chloroplasts) and all major metabolic pathways evolved from early prokaryotic cells.
ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.01 Differentiate the biological entities studied by microbiologists from those studied by other biologists
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. Cells with a relatively simple cell morphology that do not have a true membrane-delimited nucleus are called
    A.prokaryotes.
    B. eukaryotes.
    C. urkaryotes.
    D. nokaryotes.

 

ASM Objective: 01.01 Cells, organelles (e.g. mitochondria and chloroplasts) and all major metabolic pathways evolved from early prokaryotic cells.
ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.01.01 Differentiate the biological entities studied by microbiologists from those studied by other biologists
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. The ribosomal RNA studies that led to the division of prokaryotic organisms into the Bacteria and the Archaea were begun by
    A. Pasteur.
  2. Woese.
  3. Needham.
  4. Watson.

 

 

ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Objective: 02.03 Bacteria and Archaea have specialized structures (e.g. flagella, endospores, and pili) that often confer critical capabilities.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.01.02 Explain Carl Woeses contributions in establishing the three-domain system for classifying cellular life
Section: 01.01
Topic: Archaea
Topic: Bacteria
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. Proteins function in modern cells as
    A. catalysts.
    B.  hereditary information.
    C.  structural elements.
    D.  both catalysts and structural elements.

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 03.01 Bacteria and Archaea exhibit extensive, and often unique, metabolic diversity (e.g. nitrogen fixation, methane production, anoxygenic photosynthesis).
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Bacterial Cellular Morphology

 

  1. RNA serves to convert the information stored in DNA to ________.
    A. carbohydrates
    B.  protein
    C.  lipids
    D.  RNA

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 03.01 Bacteria and Archaea exhibit extensive, and often unique, metabolic diversity (e.g. nitrogen fixation, methane production, anoxygenic photosynthesis).
ASM Objective: 04.02 Although the central dogma is universal in all cells, the processes of replication, transcription, and translation differ in Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow and Genetics
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

True / False Questions

  1. The earliest microbial fossils that have been found are dated from approximately 4.5 million years ago.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Bacteria

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Which of the following distinguish the field of microbiology from other fields of biology?
    A. The size of the organism studied.
  2. The techniques used to study organisms regardless of their size.
  3. Both the size of the organism studied and the techniques employed in the study of organisms.
  4. Neither the size of the organism studied nor the techniques employed in the study of organisms regardless of their size.

 

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Objective: 03.01 Bacteria and Archaea exhibit extensive, and often unique, metabolic diversity (e.g. nitrogen fixation, methane production, anoxygenic photosynthesis).
ASM Objective: 04.01 Genetic variations can impact microbial functions (e.g., in biofilm formation, pathogenicity and drug resistance).
ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 06.01 Microbes are essential for life as we know it and the processes that support life (e.g. in biogeochemical cycles and plant and / or animal microbiota).
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow and Genetics
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.02
Section: 01.03
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Who of the following developed a set of criteria that could be used to establish a causative link between a particular microorganism and a particular disease?
    A.Fracastoro
    B. Koch
    C. Pasteur
    D. Lister

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Learning Outcome: 01.03.02 Outline a set of experiments that might be used to decide if a particular microbe is the causative agent of a disease
Section: 01.03
Topic: Bacteria
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Who of the following was the first to observe and accurately describe microorganisms?
    A.Pasteur
    B. Lister
    C. van Leeuwenhoek
    D. Tyndall

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Who of the following provided the evidence needed to discredit the concept of spontaneous generation?
    A.Pasteur
    B. Koch
    C. Semmelweiss
    D. Lister

 

ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. The concept that living organisms arise from nonliving material is called
    A.biogenesis.
    B. cell theory.
    C. spontaneous generation.
    D. germ theory.

 

ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. The concept that human and animal diseases are caused by microorganisms is called the
    A.cell theory.
    B. germ theory.
    C. causative theory.
    D. disease theory.

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Learning Outcome: 01.03.02 Outline a set of experiments that might be used to decide if a particular microbe is the causative agent of a disease
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Whose work on spontaneous generation first demonstrated the existence of a very heat-resistant form of bacteria that are called endospores?
    A.Schwann
    B. Redi
    C. Tyndall
    D. Pasteur

 

ASM Objective: 02.03 Bacteria and Archaea have specialized structures (e.g. flagella, endospores, and pili) that often confer critical capabilities.
ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Antiseptic surgery was pioneered by
    A.Pasteur.
    B. Lister.
    C. Jenner.
    D. Kitasato.

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Studies by Emil von Behring and Shibasaburo Kitasato demonstrated that inactivated toxins can induce the synthesis of antitoxins in the blood of rabbits. These antitoxins (antibodies) are the basis of
    A.humoral immunity.
    B. cell-mediated immunity.
    C. antibiotic immunity.
    D. phagocyte-mediated immunity.

 

ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. The first surgical antiseptic to be used was
    A.iodine.
    B. ethanol.
    C. phenol.
    D. None of the choices are correct.

 

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Old cultures of bacteria that have lost their ability to cause disease are said to be
    A.impotent.
    B. virulent.
    C. pathogenic.
    D. attenuated.

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Who is credited with developing and documenting the first vaccination procedure against smallpox?
    A.Koch
    B. Pasteur
    C. Jenner
    D. Lister

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Who is credited with developing a vaccine against chicken cholera?
    A.Koch
    B. Pasteur
    C. Jenner
    D. Lister

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Who of the following first discovered that some blood leukocytes could engulf disease-causing bacteria?
    A.von Behring
    B. Meister
    C. Metchnikoff
    D. Ivanowski

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. The use of enrichment cultures and selective media was pioneered by
    A.Beijerinck.
    B. Jenner.
    C. Pasteur.
    D. von Behring.

 

ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

True / False Questions
 

  1. Fanny Hesse first suggested that agar be used to solidify microbiological media.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 06.03 Humans utilize and harness microorganisms and their products.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. M. J. Berkeley demonstrated that the great potato blight of Ireland was caused by a fungus.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Invisible living creatures were thought to exist and cause disease long before they were ever observed.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Kochs postulates were instrumental in establishing that Mycobacterium leprae is the cause of leprosy.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Learning Outcome: 01.03.03 Predict the difficulties that might arise when using Kochs postulates to determine if a microbe causes a disease unique to humans
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Edward Jenners work in preventing rabies led to the use of the term vaccination to describe a type of procedure used in the prevention of disease.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Objective: 06.03 Humans utilize and harness microorganisms and their products.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Although developed over 100 years ago, Kochs postulates continue to be used successfully in all known human infectious diseases.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.03.03 Predict the difficulties that might arise when using Kochs postulates to determine if a microbe causes a disease unique to humans
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Viruses and bacteria were first cultured in the laboratory at about the same time.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Charles Chamberland developed porcelain filters that allowed other scientists to demonstrate that viruses are smaller than bacteria.
    TRUE

 

ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. The first disease to be identified as being caused by a virus was tobacco mosaic disease.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Learning Outcome: 01.03.02 Outline a set of experiments that might be used to decide if a particular microbe is the causative agent of a disease
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. John Tyndall demonstrated that microorganisms present in the air are carried on dust particles.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Agastino Bassi demonstrated that a type of silkworm disease was caused by a fungus and proposed that many diseases are caused by microorganisms.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. The usefulness of agar in solidifying microbiological growth media is limited because it does not remain solid at temperatures above 28oC.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
ASM Objective: 06.03 Humans utilize and harness microorganisms and their products.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Robert Koch developed a vaccine that could be used to prevent anthrax.
    FALSE

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Elie Metchnikoff discovered __________, which is a major feature of the host immune response.
    phagocytosis

 

ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. An Italian physician, __________, challenged the concept of spontaneous generation by demonstrating that maggots do not arise from decaying meat but rather from developing fly eggs.
    Redi

 

ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. __________ discovered that soil bacteria could oxidize iron, sulfur, and ammonia to obtain energy.
    Winogradsky

 

ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 06.01 Microbes are essential for life as we know it and the processes that support life (e.g. in biogeochemical cycles and plant and / or animal microbiota).
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. __________ was the first to isolate a root nodule bacterium capable of nitrogen fixation.
    Beijerinck

 

ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

True / False Questions

  1. The endosymbiotic hypothesis is generally accepted as the origin of two eukaryotic organelles: mitochondria and chloroplasts.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 01.01 Cells, organelles (e.g. mitochondria and chloroplasts) and all major metabolic pathways evolved from early prokaryotic cells.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. The relationship between specific bacteria and specific diseases was first demonstrated by Koch.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Some microorganisms are useful in bioremediation processes that reduce the effects of pollution.
    TRUE

 

ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 06.01 Microbes are essential for life as we know it and the processes that support life (e.g. in biogeochemical cycles and plant and / or animal microbiota).
ASM Objective: 06.03 Humans utilize and harness microorganisms and their products.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Learning Outcome: 01.04.02 Support the belief held by many microbiologists that microbiology is experiencing its second golden age
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. The branch of microbiology that deals with diseases of humans and animals is called __________ microbiology.
    medical

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. The branch of microbiology that deals with the mechanisms by which the human body protects itself from disease-causing organisms is called __________.
    immunology

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.02 Support the belief held by many microbiologists that microbiology is experiencing its second golden age
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. __________ _____________microbiologists monitor community food establishments and water supplies in order to control the spread of communicable diseases.
    Public health

 

ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. The branch of microbiology that studies the relationship between microorganisms and their habitats is called __________ ______________.
    microbial ecology

 

ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. __________ and __________ microbiology investigates the spoilage of products for human consumption and the use of microorganisms in the production of cheese, yogurt, pickles, beer, and the like.
    Food, dairy

 

ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.04 Microorganisms, cellular and viral, can interact with both human and nonhuman hosts in beneficial, neutral or detrimental ways.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. __________ microbiology involves the use of microorganisms to make products such as antibiotics, vaccines, steroids, alcohols, vitamins, amino acids, and enzymes.
    Industrial

 

ASM Objective: 06.03 Humans utilize and harness microorganisms and their products.
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Microbial __________ are scientists who investigate the synthesis of antibiotics and toxins, the production of energy with microorganisms, and the ways in which microorganisms survive harsh environmental conditions.
    physiologists

 

ASM Objective: 03.02 The interactions of microorganisms among themselves and with their environment are determined by their metabolic abilities (e.g., quorum sensing, oxygen consumption, nitrogen transformations).
ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Microbial __________ focuses on the nature of heredity and how it regulates the development and function of cells and organisms.
    genetics

 

ASM Objective: 04.01 Genetic variations can impact microbial functions (e.g., in biofilm formation, pathogenicity and drug resistance).
ASM Objective: 04.02 Although the central dogma is universal in all cells, the processes of replication, transcription, and translation differ in Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes.
ASM Objective: 04.03 The regulation of gene expression is influenced by external and internal molecular cues and/or signals.
ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow and Genetics
Blooms Level: 1. Remember
Learning Outcome: 01.04.01 Construct a concept map, table, or drawing that illustrates the diverse nature of microbiology and how it has improved human conditions
Section: 01.04
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following provides the best explanation for why viruses are not included in the three domain system?
    A. Viruses are too small.
    B.  Viruses have either DNA or RNA, not both.
    C.  Viruses are not a cellular life form.
    D.  Viruses show no evidence of evolution.

 

ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 01.01.02 Explain Carl Woeses contributions in establishing the three-domain system for classifying cellular life
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. A new microbe has been discovered in the rumen of sheep. Microscopy shows no evidence of a nuclear membrane and biochemical studies of the cell wall demonstrate the lack of peptidoglycan. Metabolic studies show that this microbe generates methane. This microbe would most likely be classified in the:
    A. Domain Bacteria
    B.  Domain Archaea
    C.  Domain Eukarya, Kingdom Fungi
    D.  Domain Eukarya, Protists

 

ASM Objective: 03.01 Bacteria and Archaea exhibit extensive, and often unique, metabolic diversity (e.g. nitrogen fixation, methane production, anoxygenic photosynthesis).
ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 01.01.02 Explain Carl Woeses contributions in establishing the three-domain system for classifying cellular life
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. What is the most compelling reason why protists are not considered to be a taxonomic group?
    A. They are not cellular life forms.
    B.  They are too small to be included among the eukaryotes.
    C.  The group includes both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell types.
    D.  The organisms often included in this group are very diverse and dont form a cohesive taxon.

 

ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 01.01.02 Explain Carl Woeses contributions in establishing the three-domain system for classifying cellular life
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. Scientists study microorganisms on Earth today to search for life forms elsewhere, as well as to explore the origins of life on Earth. These microorganisms that are studied are referred to as:
    A. existing.
    B.  extant.
    C.  extinct.
    D.  extirpated.

 

ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Objective: 06.02 Microorganisms provide essential models that give us fundamental knowledge about life processes.
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 01.01.01 Differentiate the biological entities studied by microbiologists from those studied by other biologists
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.01
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. The most important aspect of agar that makes it a useful ingredient for solidifying media for bacterial culture is
    A. It provides an excellent nitrogen source for bacteria.
    B.  Bacteria are unable to break it down so it stays solidified.
    C.  It melts at 100oC and solidifies at temperatures below 50oC.
    D.  It provides an excellent carbon and energy source for bacteria.

 

ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
ASM Objective: 03.04 The growth of microorganisms can be controlled by physical, chemical, mechanical, or biological methods.
ASM Objective: 06.03 Humans utilize and harness microorganisms and their products.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 06 Impact of Microorganisms
Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 01.03.01 Evaluate the importance of the contributions to microbiology made by Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Koch, Cohn, Beijerinck, von Behring, Kitasato, Metchnikoff, and Winogradsky
Section: 01.03
Topic: History of Microbiology

 

  1. Which molecule is believed to have preceded the other three during the evolution of life?
    A. ATP
    B.  Proteins
    C.  DNA
    D.  RNA

 

ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Objective: 04.01 Genetic variations can impact microbial functions (e.g., in biofilm formation, pathogenicity and drug resistance).
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow and Genetics
Blooms Level: 3. Apply
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. What is the most compelling reason why DNA, rather than RNA, evolved to be the storage repository for genetic information in cellular life forms?
    A. DNA has deoxyribose rather than ribose.
    B.  DNA molecules are more chemically stable than RNA molecules.
    C.  DNA is double-stranded rather than single-stranded.

 

ASM Objective: 04.02 Although the central dogma is universal in all cells, the processes of replication, transcription, and translation differ in Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes.
ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow and Genetics
Blooms Level: 5. Evaluate
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. Each of the following provides evidence in support of the primary role of RNA in the evolution of life EXCEPT:
    A. Some RNA molecules are catalytic.
    B.  RNA catalyzes peptide bond formation during protein synthesis.
    C.  ATP (energy currency of the cell) is a ribonucleotide.
    D.  RNA is less chemically stable than DNA.
    E.  RNA can regulate gene expression.

 

ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
ASM Topic: Module 04 Information Flow and Genetics
Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. While each of these processes are believed to have evolved prior to aerobic respiration, which one is the most critical process, without which aerobic respiration could never have developed?
    A. Oxygenic photosynthesis
    B.  Anoxygenic photosynthesis
    C.  Alcohol fermentation
    D.  Lactic acid fermentation

 

ASM Objective: 03.01 Bacteria and Archaea exhibit extensive, and often unique, metabolic diversity (e.g. nitrogen fixation, methane production, anoxygenic photosynthesis).
ASM Objective: 03.02 The interactions of microorganisms among themselves and with their environment are determined by their metabolic abilities (e.g., quorum sensing, oxygen consumption, nitrogen transformations).
ASM Objective: 03.03 The survival and growth of any microorganism in a given environment depends on its metabolic characteristics.
ASM Objective: 05.03 Microorganisms and their environment interact with and modify each other.
ASM Topic: Module 03 Metabolic Pathways
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 01.02.01 Propose a time line of the origin and history of microbial life and integrate supporting evidence into it
Section: 01.02
Topic: History of Microbiology

  1. Which term is most inclusive? In other words, which term includes all the others?
    A. Microbial species
    B.  Microbial strain
    C.  Biovars
    D.  Serovars

 

ASM Objective: 01.04 The traditional concept of species is not readily applicable to microbes due to asexual reproduction and the frequent occurrence of horizontal gene transfer.
ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 01.02.03 Compare and contrast the definitions of plant and animal species, microbial species, and microbial strains
Section: 01.02
Topic: Bacteria
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. Which of the processes named here is the least likely to contribute to the evolution of genetic diversity of bacteria and archaea?
    A. Mutation
    B.  Sexual reproduction
    C.  Binary fission
    D.  Horizontal gene transfer

 

ASM Objective: 01.02 Mutations and horizontal gene transfer, with the immense variety of microenvironments, have selected for a huge diversity of microorganisms.
ASM Objective: 01.04 The traditional concept of species is not readily applicable to microbes due to asexual reproduction and the frequent occurrence of horizontal gene transfer.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 01.02.03 Compare and contrast the definitions of plant and animal species, microbial species, and microbial strains
Section: 01.02
Topic: Archaea
Topic: Bacteria
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

  1. A student is observing microorganisms in a sample of pond water. One organism of interest has an obvious nucleus, small oval structures containing a green pigment, and does not appear to be motile. In which of the following groups would this microbe most likely be classified?
    A. Eukaryotes (Fungi)
    B.  Eukaryotes (Algae)
    C.  Bacteria
    D.  Archaea
    E.  Eukaryotes (Protozoa)

 

ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Objective: 05.01 Microorganisms are ubiquitous and live in diverse and dynamic ecosystems.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
ASM Topic: Module 05 Microbial Systems
Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

  1. A student is observing microorganisms in a sample of pond water. One organism of interest has an obvious nucleus and has been moving rapidly during observation and appears to have rows of cilia along its surface. In which of the following groups would this microbe most likely be classified?
    A. Eukaryotes (Fungi)
    B.  Eukaryotes (Algae)
    C.  Bacteria
    D.  Eukaryotes (Protozoa)

 

ASM Objective: 02.01 The structure and function of microorganisms have been revealed by the use of microscopy (including bright field, phase contrast, fluorescent, and electron).
ASM Objective: 02.04 While microscopic eukaryotes (for example, fungi, protozoa and algae) carry out some of the same processes as bacteria, many of the cellular properties are fundamentally different.
ASM Topic: Module 02 Cell Structure and Function
Blooms Level: 4. Analyze
Learning Outcome: 01.01.04 Determine the type of microbe (e.g., bacterium, fungus, etc.) when given a description of a newly discovered microbe
Section: 01.01
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. A microbial __________ is a collection of strains that share many stable properties and differ significantly from other groups of strains.
    species

 

ASM Objective: 01.04 The traditional concept of species is not readily applicable to microbes due to asexual reproduction and the frequent occurrence of horizontal gene transfer.
ASM Objective: 01.05 The evolutionary relatedness of organisms is best reflected in phylogenetic trees.
ASM Topic: Module 01 Evolution
Blooms Level: 2. Understand
Learning Outcome: 01.02.03 Compare and contrast the definitions of plant and animal species, microbial species, and microbial strains
Section: 01.02
Topic: Taxonomy of Microorganisms

 

Multiple Choice Questions
 

  1. Morphovars, serovars, biovars, and pathovars are examples of terms that refer to microbial _______________.
    A. species
    B.  strains
    C.  types
    D.  Archaea

 

ASM Objective: 01.02 Mutations and horizontal gene transfer, with the immense variety of microenvironments, have selected for a huge diversity of microorganisms.
ASM Objective: 01.04 The traditional concept of species is no

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