Test bank for Fundamentals of Corporate Finance 10th edition by Stephen Ross

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Test bank for Fundamentals of Corporate Finance 10th edition by Stephen Ross

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WITH ANSWERS

 

Test bank for Fundamentals of Corporate Finance 10th edition by Stephen Ross

 

Chapter 03

Working with Financial Statements

 

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Activities of a firm which require the spending of cash are known as:

A. sources of cash.

 

B. uses of cash.

 

C. cash collections.

 

D. cash receipts.

 

E. cash on hand.

 

2. The sources and uses of cash over a stated period of time are reflected on the:

A. income statement.

 

B. balance sheet.

 

C. tax reconciliation statement.

 

D. statement of cash flows.

 

E. statement of operating position.

 

3. A common-size income statement is an accounting statement that expresses all of a firms expenses as percentage of:

A. total assets.

 

B. total equity.

 

C. net income.

 

D. taxable income.

 

E. sales.

 

4. Which one of the following standardizes items on the income statement and balance sheet relative to their values as of a chosen point in time?

A. statement of standardization

 

B. statement of cash flows

 

C. common-base year statement

 

D. common-size statement

 

E. base reconciliation statement

 

5. Relationships determined from a firms financial information and used for comparison purposes are known as:

A. financial ratios.

 

B. identities.

 

C. dimensional analysis.

 

D. scenario analysis.

 

E. solvency analysis.

 

6. The formula which breaks down the return on equity into three component parts is referred to as which one of the following?

A. equity equation

 

B. profitability determinant

 

C. SIC formula

 

D. Du Pont identity

 

E. equity performance formula

 

7. The U.S. government coding system that classifies a firm by the nature of its business operations is known as the:

A. NASDAQ 100.

 

B. Standard & Poors 500.

 

C. Standard Industrial Classification code.

 

D. Governmental ID code.

 

E. Government Engineered Coding System.

 

8. Which one of the following is a source of cash?

A. increase in accounts receivable

 

B. decrease in notes payable

 

C. decrease in common stock

 

D. increase in accounts payable

 

E. increase in inventory

 

9. Which one of the following is a use of cash?

A. increase in notes payable

 

B. decrease in inventory

 

C. increase in long-term debt

 

D. decrease in accounts receivables

 

E. decrease in common stock

 

10. Which one of the following is a source of cash?

A. repurchase of common stock

 

B. acquisition of debt

 

C. purchase of inventory

 

D. payment to a supplier

 

E. granting credit to a customer

 

11. Which one of the following is a source of cash?

A. increase in accounts receivable

 

B. decrease in common stock

 

C. decrease in long-term debt

 

D. decrease in accounts payable

 

E. decrease in inventory

 

12. On the Statement of Cash Flows, which of the following are considered financing activities?

I. increase in long-term debt
II. decrease in accounts payable
III. interest paid
IV. dividends paid

A. I and IV only

 

B. III and IV only

 

C. II and III only

 

D. I, III, and IV only

 

E. I, II, III, and IV

 

13. On the Statement of Cash Flows, which of the following are considered operating activities?

I. costs of goods sold
II. decrease in accounts payable
III. interest paid
IV. dividends paid

A. I and III only

 

B. III and IV only

 

C. I, II, and III only

 

D. I, III, and IV only

 

E. I, II, III, and IV

 

14. According to the Statement of Cash Flows, a decrease in accounts receivable will _____ the cash flow from _____ activities.

A. decrease; operating

 

B. decrease; financing

 

C. increase; operating

 

D. increase; financing

 

E. increase; investment

 

15. According to the Statement of Cash Flows, an increase in interest expense will _____ the cash flow from _____ activities.

A. decrease; operating

 

B. decrease; financing

 

C. increase; operating

 

D. increase; financing

 

E. increase; investment

 

16. On a common-size balance sheet all accounts are expressed as a percentage of:

A. sales for the period.

 

B. the base year sales.

 

C. total equity for the base year.

 

D. total assets for the current year.

 

E. total assets for the base year.

 

17. On a common-base year financial statement, accounts receivables will be expressed relative to which one of the following?

A. current year sales

 

B. current year total assets

 

C. base-year sales

 

D. base-year total assets

 

E. base-year accounts receivables

 

18. A firm uses 2011 as the base year for its financial statements. The common-size, base-year statement for 2012 has an inventory value of 1.08. This is interpreted to mean that the 2012 inventory is equal to 108 percent of which one of the following?

A. 2011 inventory

 

B. 2011 total assets

 

C. 2012 total assets

 

D. 2011 inventory expressed as a percent of 2011 total assets

 

E. 2012 inventory expressed as a percent of 2012 total assets

 

19. Which of the following ratios are measures of a firms liquidity?

I. cash coverage ratio
II. interval measure
III. debt-equity ratio
IV. quick ratio

A. I and III only

 

B. II and IV only

 

C. I, III, and IV only

 

D. I, II, and III only

 

E. I, II, III, and IV

 

20. An increase in current liabilities will have which one of the following effects, all else held constant? Assume all ratios have positive values.

A. increase in the cash ratio

 

B. increase in the net working capital to total assets ratio

 

C. decrease in the quick ratio

 

D. decrease in the cash coverage ratio

 

E. increase in the current ratio

 

21. An increase in which one of the following will increase a firms quick ratio without affecting its cash ratio?

A. accounts payable

 

B. cash

 

C. inventory

 

D. accounts receivable

 

E. fixed assets

 

22. A supplier, who requires payment within ten days, should be most concerned with which one of the following ratios when granting credit?

A. current

 

B. cash

 

C. debt-equity

 

D. quick

 

E. total debt

 

23. A firm has an interval measure of 48. This means that the firm has sufficient liquid assets to do which one of the following?

A. pay all of its debts that are due within the next 48 hours

 

B. pay all of its debts that are due within the next 48 days

 

C. cover its operating costs for the next 48 hours

 

D. cover its operating costs for the next 48 days

 

E. meet the demands of its customers for the next 48 hours

 

24. Ratios that measure a firms financial leverage are known as _____ ratios.

A. asset management

 

B. long-term solvency

 

C. short-term solvency

 

D. profitability

 

E. book value

 

25. Which one of the following statements is correct?

A. If the total debt ratio is greater than .50, then the debt-equity ratio must be less than 1.0.

 

B. Long-term creditors would prefer the times interest earned ratio be 1.4 rather than 1.5.

 

C. The debt-equity ratio can be computed as 1 plus the equity multiplier.

 

D. An equity multiplier of 1.2 means a firm has $1.20 in sales for every $1 in equity.

 

E. An increase in the depreciation expense will not affect the cash coverage ratio.

 

26. If a firm has a debt-equity ratio of 1.0, then its total debt ratio must be which one of the following?

A. 0.0

 

B. 0.5

 

C. 1.0

 

D. 1.5

 

E. 2.0

 

27. The cash coverage ratio directly measures the ability of a firms revenues to meet which one of its following obligations?

A. payment to supplier

 

B. payment to employee

 

C. payment of interest to a lender

 

D. payment of principle to a lender

 

E. payment of a dividend to a shareholder

 

28. Jasper United had sales of $21,000 in 2011 and $24,000 in 2012. The firms current accounts remained constant. Given this information, which one of the following statements must be true?

A. The total asset turnover rate increased.

 

B. The days sales in receivables increased.

 

C. The net working capital turnover rate increased.

 

D. The fixed asset turnover decreased.

 

E. The receivables turnover rate decreased.

 

29. The Corner Hardware has succeeded in increasing the amount of goods it sells while holding the amount of inventory on hand at a constant level. Assume that both the cost per unit and the selling price per unit also remained constant. This accomplishment will be reflected in the firms financial ratios in which one of the following ways?

A. decrease in the inventory turnover rate

 

B. decrease in the net working capital turnover rate

 

C. no change in the fixed asset turnover rate

 

D. decrease in the days sales in inventory

 

E. no change in the total asset turnover rate

 

30. Dees has a fixed asset turnover rate of 1.12 and a total asset turnover rate of 0.91. Sams has a fixed asset turnover rate of 1.15 and a total asset turnover rate of 0.88. Both companies have similar operations. Based on this information, Dees must be doing which one of the following?

A. utilizing its fixed assets more efficiently than Sams

 

B. utilizing its total assets more efficiently than Sams

 

C. generating $1 in sales for every $1.12 in net fixed assets

 

D. generating $1.12 in net income for every $1 in net fixed assets

 

E. maintaining the same level of current assets as Sams

 

31. Ratios that measure how efficiently a firm manages its assets and operations to generate net income are referred to as _____ ratios.

A. asset management

 

B. long-term solvency

 

C. short-term solvency

 

D. profitability

 

E. turnover

 

32. If a firm produces a twelve percent return on assets and also a twelve percent return on equity, then the firm:

A. may have short-term, but not long-term debt.

 

B. is using its assets as efficiently as possible.

 

C. has no net working capital.

 

D. has a debt-equity ratio of 1.0.

 

E. has an equity multiplier of 1.0.

 

33. Which one of the following will decrease if a firm can decrease its operating costs, all else constant?

A. return on equity

 

B. return on assets

 

C. profit margin

 

D. total asset turnover

 

E. price-earnings ratio

 

34. Als has a price-earnings ratio of 18.5. Bens also has a price-earnings ratio of 18.5. Which one of the following statements must be true if Als has a higher PEG ratio than Bens?

A. Als has more net income than Bens.

 

B. Bens is increasing its earnings at a faster rate than the Als.

 

C. Als has a higher market value per share than does Bens.

 

D. Bens has a lower market-to-book ratio than Als.

 

E. Als has a higher net income than Bens.

 

35. Tobins Q relates the market value of a firms assets to which one of the following?

A. initial cost of creating the firm

 

B. current book value of the firm

 

C. average asset value of similar firms

 

D. average market value of similar firms

 

E. todays cost to duplicate those assets

 

36. The price-sales ratio is especially useful when analyzing firms that have which one of the following?

A. volatile market prices

 

B. negative earnings

 

C. positive PEG ratios

 

D. a negative Tobins Q

 

E. increasing sales

 

37. Shareholders probably have the most interest in which one of the following sets of ratios?

A. return on assets and profit margin

 

B. long-term debt and times interest earned

 

C. price-earnings and debt-equity

 

D. market-to-book and times interest earned

 

E. return on equity and price-earnings

 

38. Which one of the following accurately describes the three parts of the Du Pont identity?

A. operating efficiency, equity multiplier, and profitability ratio

 

B. financial leverage, operating efficiency, and profitability ratio

 

C. equity multiplier, profit margin, and total asset turnover

 

D. debt-equity ratio, capital intensity ratio, and profit margin

 

E. return on assets, profit margin, and equity multiplier

 

39. An increase in which of the following will increase the return on equity, all else constant?

I. sales
II. net income
III. depreciation
IV. total equity

A. I only

 

B. I and II only

 

C. II and IV only

 

D. II and III only

 

E. I, II, and III only

 

40. Which of the following can be used to compute the return on equity?

I. Profit margin Return on assets
II. Return on assets Equity multiplier
III. Net income/Total equity
IV. Return on assets Total asset turnover

A. I and III only

 

B. II and III only

 

C. II and IV only

 

D. I, II, and III only

 

E. I, II, III, and IV

 

41. The Du Pont identity can be used to help managers answer which of the following questions related to a firms operations?

I. How many sales dollars has the firm generated per each dollar of assets?
II. How many dollars of assets has a firm acquired per each dollar in shareholders equity?
III. How much net profit is a firm generating per dollar of sales?
IV. Does the firm have the ability to meet its debt obligations in a timely manner?

A. I and III only

 

B. II and IV only

 

C. I, II, and III only

 

D. II, III and IV only

 

E. I, II, III, and IV

 

42. A firm currently has $600 in debt for every $1,000 in equity. Assume the firm uses some of its cash to decrease its debt while maintaining its current equity and net income. Which one of the following will decrease as a result of this action?

A. equity multiplier

 

B. total asset turnover

 

C. profit margin

 

D. return on assets

 

E. return on equity

 

43. Which one of the following statements is correct?

A. Book values should always be given precedence over market values.

 

B. Financial statements are frequently used as the basis for performance evaluations.

 

C. Historical information provides no value to someone who is predicting future performance.

 

D. Potential lenders place little value on financial statement information.

 

E. Reviewing financial information over time has very limited value.

 

44. It is easier to evaluate a firm using financial statements when the firm:

A. is a conglomerate.

 

B. has recently merged with its largest competitor.

 

C. uses the same accounting procedures as other firms in the industry.

 

D. has a different fiscal year than other firms in the industry.

 

E. tends to have many one-time events such as asset sales and property acquisitions.

 

45. The most acceptable method of evaluating the financial statements of a firm is to compare the firms current:

A. financial ratios to the firms historical ratios.

 

B. financial statements to the financial statements of similar firms operating in other countries.

 

C. financial ratios to the average ratios of all firms located within the same geographic area.

 

D. financial statements to those of larger firms in unrelated industries.

 

E. financial statements to the projections that were created based on Tobins Q.

 

46. Which of the following represent problems encountered when comparing the financial statements of two separate entities?

I. Either one, or both, of the firms may be conglomerates and thus have unrelated lines of business.
II. The operations of the two firms may vary geographically.
III. The firms may use differing accounting methods.
IV. The two firms may be seasonal in nature and have different fiscal year ends.

A. I and II only

 

B. II and III only

 

C. I, III, and IV only

 

D. I, II, and III only

 

E. I, II, III, and IV

 

47. Wises Corner Grocer had the following current account values. What effect did the change in net working capital have on the firms cash flows for 2012?

A. net use of cash of $37

 

B. net use of cash of $83

 

C. net source of cash of $83

 

D. net source of cash of $132

 

E. net source of cash of $135

 

48. During the year, Kitchen Supply increased its accounts receivable by $130, decreased its inventory by $75, and decreased its accounts payable by $40. How did these three accounts affect the firms cash flows for the year?

A. $245 use of cash

 

B. $165 use of cash

 

C. $95 use of cash

 

D. $95 source of cash

 

E. $165 source of cash

 

49. A firm generated net income of $862. The depreciation expense was $47 and dividends were paid in the amount of $25. Accounts payables decreased by $13, accounts receivables increased by $28, inventory decreased by $14, and net fixed assets decreased by $8. There was no interest expense. What was the net cash flow from operating activity?

A. $776

 

B. $802

 

C. $882

 

D. $922

 

E. $930

 

50. A firm has sales of $2,190, net income of $174, net fixed assets of $1,600, and current assets of $720. The firm has $310 in inventory. What is the common-size statement value of inventory?

A. 13.36 percent

 

B. 14.16 percent

 

C. 19.38 percent

 

D. 30.42 percent

 

E. 43.06 percent

 

51. A firm has sales of $3,200, net income of $390, total assets of $4,500, and total equity of $2,750. Interest expense is $50. What is the common-size statement value of the interest expense?

A. 0.89 percent

 

B. 1.56 percent

 

C. 3.69 percent

 

D. 10.26 percent

 

E. 14.55 percent

 

52. Last year, which is used as the base year, a firm had cash of $52, accounts receivable of $218, inventory of $509, and net fixed assets of $1,107. This year, the firm has cash of $61, accounts receivable of $198, inventory of $527, and net fixed assets of $1,216. What is the common-base year value of accounts receivable?

A. 0.08

 

B. 0.10

 

C. 0.88

 

D. 0.91

 

E. 1.18

 

53. Russells Deli has cash of $136, accounts receivable of $95, accounts payable of $210, and inventory of $409. What is the value of the quick ratio?

A. 0.31

 

B. 0.53

 

C. 0.71

 

D. 1.10

 

E. 1.07

 

54. Uptown Mens Wear has accounts payable of $2,214, inventory of $7,950, cash of $1,263, fixed assets of $8,400, accounts receivable of $3,907, and long-term debt of $4,200. What is the value of the net working capital to total assets ratio?

A. 0.31

 

B. 0.42

 

C. 0.47

 

D. 0.51

 

E. 0.56

 

55. A firm has total assets of $310,100 and net fixed assets of $168,500. The average daily operating costs are $2,980. What is the value of the interval measure?

A. 31.47 days

 

B. 47.52 days

 

C. 56.22 days

 

D. 68.05 days

 

E. 104.62 days

 

56. A firm has a debt-equity ratio of 0.42. What is the total debt ratio?

A. 0.30

 

B. 0.36

 

C. 0.44

 

D. 1.58

 

E. 2.38

 

57. A firm has total debt of $4,850 and a debt-equity ratio of 0.57. What is the value of the total assets?

A. $6,128.05

 

B. $7,253.40

 

C. $9,571.95

 

D. $11,034.00

 

E. $13,358.77

 

58. A firm has sales of $68,400, costs of $42,900, interest paid of $2,100, and depreciation of $6,500. The tax rate is 34 percent. What is the value of the cash coverage ratio?

A. 12.14

 

B. 15.24

 

C. 17.27

 

D. 23.41

 

E. 24.56

 

59. The Bike Shop paid $1,990 in interest and $1,850 in dividends last year. The times interest earned ratio is 2.2 and the depreciation expense is $520. What is the value of the cash coverage ratio?

A. 1.67

 

B. 1.80

 

C. 2.21

 

D. 2.46

 

E. 2.52

 

60. Als Sport Store has sales of $897,400, costs of goods sold of $628,300, inventory of $208,400, and accounts receivable of $74,100. How many days, on average, does it take the firm to sell its inventory assuming that all sales are on credit?

A. 74.19 days

 

B. 84.76 days

 

C. 121.07 days

 

D. 138.46 days

 

E. 151.21 days

 

61. The Flower Shoppe has accounts receivable of $3,506, inventory of $4,407, sales of $218,640, and cost of goods sold of $169,290. How many days does it take the firm to sell its inventory and collect the payment on the sale assuming that all sales are on credit?

A. 14.67 days

 

B. 15.35 days

 

C. 16.23 days

 

D. 17.18 days

 

E. 17.47 days

 

62. A firm has net working capital of $2,715, net fixed assets of $22,407, sales of $31,350, and current liabilities of $3,908. How many dollars worth of sales are generated from every $1 in total assets?

A. $1.08

 

B. $1.14

 

C. $1.19

 

D. $1.26

 

E. $1.30

 

63. The Purple Martin has annual sales of $687,400, total debt of $210,000, total equity of $365,000, and a profit margin of 4.80 percent. What is the return on assets?

A. 5.74 percent

 

B. 6.48 percent

 

C. 7.02 percent

 

D. 7.78 percent

 

E. 9.79 percent

 

64. Reliable Cars has sales of $807,200, total assets of $1,105,100, and a profit margin of 9.68 percent. The firm has a total debt ratio of 78 percent. What is the return on equity?

A. 13.09 percent

 

B. 16.67 percent

 

C. 17.68 percent

 

D. 28.56 percent

 

E. 32.14 percent

 

65. The Meat Market has $747,000 in sales. The profit margin is 4.1 percent and the firm has 7,500 shares of stock outstanding. The market price per share is $22. What is the price-earnings ratio?

A. 5.39

 

B. 8.98

 

C. 11.42

 

D. 13.15

 

E. 14.27

 

66. Big Guy Subs has net income of $150,980, a price-earnings ratio of 12.8, and earnings per share of $0.87. How many shares of stock are outstanding?

A. 13,558

 

B. 14,407

 

C. 165,523

 

D. 171,000

 

E. 173,540

 

67. A firm has 160,000 shares of stock outstanding, sales of $1.94 million, net income of $126,400, a price-earnings ratio of 18.7, and a book value per share of $7.92. What is the market-to-book ratio?

A. 1.87

 

B. 1.84

 

C. 2.23

 

D. 2.45

 

E. 2.57

 

68. Oscars Dog House has a profit margin of 5.6 percent, a return on assets of 12.5 percent, and an equity multiplier of 1.49. What is the return on equity?

A. 17.14 percent

 

B. 18.63 percent

 

C. 19.67 percent

 

D. 21.69 percent

 

E. 22.30 percent

 

69. Taylors Mens Wear has a debt-equity ratio of 42 percent, sales of $749,000, net income of $41,300, and total debt of $206,300. What is the return on equity?

A. 7.79 percent

 

B. 8.41 percent

 

C. 8.74 percent

 

D. 9.09 percent

 

E. 9.16 percent

 

70. A firm has a debt-equity ratio of 57 percent, a total asset turnover of 1.12, and a profit margin of 4.9 percent. The total equity is $511,640. What is the amount of the net income?

A. $28,079

 

B. $35,143

 

C. $44,084

 

D. $47,601

 

E. $52,418

 

71.

What is the quick ratio for 2012?

A. 0.52

 

B. 0.54

 

C. 1.32

 

D. 1.67

 

E. 1.79

 

72.

How many days of sales are in receivables? (Use 2012 values)

A. 17.08 days

 

B. 23.33 days

 

C. 26.49 days

 

D. 29.41 days

 

E. 33.70 days

 

73.

What is the price-sales ratio for 2012 if the market price is $18.49 per share?

A. 2.43

 

B. 3.29

 

C. 3.67

 

D. 4.22

 

E. 4.38

 

74.

What is debt-equity ratio? (Use 2012 values)

A. 0.52

 

B. 0.87

 

C. 0.94

 

D. 0.99

 

E. 1.06

 

75.

What is the cash coverage ratio for 2012?

A. 8.43

 

B. 9.18

 

C. 11.64

 

D. 11.82

 

E. 12.31

 

76.

What is the return on equity? (Use 2012 values)

A. 14.26 percent

 

B. 15.38 percent

 

C. 15.64 percent

 

D. 19.96 percent

 

E. 20.14 percent

 

77.

What is the amount of the dividends paid for 2012?

A. $11,100

 

B. $15,000

 

C. $22,600

 

D. $31,200

 

E. $31,400

 

78.

What is the amount of the cash flow from investment activity for 2012?

A. $18,100

 

B. $24,800

 

C. $29,300

 

D. $32,000

 

E. $39,400

 

79.

What is the net working capital to total assets ratio for 2012?

A. 24.18 percent

 

B. 36.82 percent

 

C. 45.49 percent

 

D. 51.47 percent

 

E. 65.83 percent

 

80.

How many days on average does it take Precision Tool to sell its inventory? (Use 2012 values)

A. 164.30 days

 

B. 187.77 days

 

C. 219.63 days

 

D. 247.46 days

 

E. 283.31 days

 

81.

How many dollars of sales are being generated from every dollar of net fixed assets? (Use 2012 values.)

A. $0.88

 

B. $1.87

 

C. $2.33

 

D. $2.59

 

E. $3.09

 

82.

What is the equity multiplier for 2012?

A. 1.67

 

B. 1.72

 

C. 1.88

 

D. 1.93

 

E. 2.03

 

83.

What is the times interest earned ratio for 2012?

A. 9.63

 

B. 10.12

 

C. 12.59

 

D. 14.97

 

E. 16.05

 

84.

What is the return on equity for 2012?

A. 15.29 percent

 

B. 16.46 percent

 

C. 17.38 percent

 

D. 18.02 percent

 

E. 18.12 percent

 

85.

What is the net cash flow from investment activity for 2012?

A. -$1,840

 

B. -$1,680

 

C. -$80

 

D. $80

 

E. $1,840

 

86.

How does accounts receivable affect the statement of cash flows for 2012?

A. a use of $4,218 of cash as an investment activity

 

B. a source of $807 of cash as an operating activity

 

C. a use of $4,218 of cash as a financing activity

 

D. a source of $807 of cash as an investment activity

 

E. a use of $807 of cash as an operating activity

 

87. BL Lumber has earnings per share of $1.21. The firms earnings have been increasing at an average

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